Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 17, 2013
Prenatal exposure to BPA affects fat tissues in sheep
New research suggests that fetal exposure to the common environmental chemical bisphenol A, or BPA, causes increased inflammation in fat tissues after birth, which can lead to obesity and metabolic syndrome.

Mayo Clinic: Rotavirus vaccine given to newborns in Africa is effective
Mayo Clinic and other researchers have shown that a vaccine given to newborns is at least 60 percent effective against rotavirus in Ghana.

Parental cultural attitudes and beliefs associated with child's media viewing and habits
Differences in parental beliefs and attitudes regarding the effects of media on early childhood development may help explain increasing racial/ethnic disparities in child media viewing/habits, according to a study by Wanjiku F.

Obesity leads to brain inflammation, and low testosterone makes it worse
Low testosterone worsens the harmful effects of obesity in the nervous system, a new study in mice finds.

Drivers happy to take long way round to avoid traffic stress
Drivers are happy to take the long way round to avoid traffic stress.

Illinois-Intel partnership leads to prototype for debugging innovations
In a major collaboration, researchers from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and Intel will unveil a new process for parallel programming systems at the International Symposium on Computer Architecture held in Tel Aviv, Israel, June 23-27.

Artificial sweetener a potential treatment for Parkinson's disease
Mannitol is widely used as an artificial sweetener in gum and candy, and, with FDA sanction, is also used as a diuretic.

Investigational drug improves sleep disorder among the blind
An investigational new drug significantly improved a common and debilitating circadian rhythm sleep disorder that frequently affects people who are completely blind, a multicenter study finds.

Timeline reforms increase initiation speed of NCI sponsored clinical trials
The National Cancer Institute and investigators have reduced the deadlines for initiation of trials with the goal of reaching more patients in need of new treatments, according to a study published June 17 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

How useful is fracking anyway? Study explores return of investment
The value of a fuel's long-term usefulness and viability is judged through its energy return on investment; the comparison between the eventual fuel and the energy invested to create it.

Quality of waking hours determines ease of falling sleep
The quality of wakefulness affects how quickly a mammal falls asleep, UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers report in a study that identifies two proteins never before linked to alertness and sleep-wake balance.

Bullfrogs may help spread deadly amphibian fungus, but also die from it
Amphibian populations are declining worldwide and a major cause is a deadly fungus thought to be spread by bullfrogs, but a two-year study shows they can also die from this pathogen, contrary to suggestions that bullfrogs are a tolerant carrier host that just spreads the disease.

New study shows predators affect the carbon cycle
A new study shows that the predator-prey relationship can affect the flow of carbon through an ecosystem.

Study identifies travel choices for a smaller carbon footprint
Planes, trains, or automobiles: what's the most climate-friendly way to travel?

Multidisciplinary initiative reduces airway infection in pediatric intensive care patients
An initiative that combines a multidisciplinary health care approach with a range of preventive measures could cut the rate of a common airway infection among children in intensive care by more than half, a new study suggests.

Study finds racial and ethnic disparities in usage of specialty services for children with autism
A study from investigators at MassGeneral Hospital for Children found that African-American or Hispanic children diagnosed with autism were significantly less likely than white children to have received subspecialty care or procedures related to conditions that often accompany autism spectrum disorders.

Slow and steady wins the baggage search
Next time you're doing a slow burn in security screening at the airport, calm yourself with the assurance that a more deliberate baggage scanner may do a better job.

New alternative to surgery lets doctors remove suspicious polyps, keep colon intact
A UCLA team of surgeons and gastroenterologists has been performing a new, minimally invasive procedure to remove large and hard-to-reach polyps while keeping the colon intact.

High-fat diet during pregnancy contributes to offspring's increased weight
Exposure to a high-fat diet in the womb and after birth can permanently change the cells in the brain that control food intake, predisposing monkeys to overeating and an increased preference for fatty and sugary foods, a new study finds.

Preventing eggs' death from chemotherapy
Young women who have cancer treatment often lose their fertility because chemotherapy and radiation can damage or kill their immature ovarian eggs, called oocytes.

$8.7 million grant supports 'Gene-Environment Interaction' research
The University of Cincinnati's environmental health department has received an $8.7 million federal grant to continue operating its Center for Environmental Genetics.

Mapping a room in a snap
An algorithm developed in EPFL's School of Computer and Communications Sciences makes it possible to measure the dimensions of a room using just a few microphones and a snap of your fingers.

Variants in the SIM1 gene are associated with severe obesity
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, two groups identified obesity-linked mutations in the gene SIM1.

Eating behaviors of preschoolers may be related to future risk of heart disease
Eating behaviors of preschoolers may be associated with risk of cardiovascular disease in later life, suggests a study published in Canadian Medical Association Journal.

Average UK salt content of packaged bread has fallen 20 percent in a decade
The average salt content of packaged bread sold in the UK has fallen by 20 percent over the past decade.

Fibromyalgia is not all in your head, new research confirms
Integrated Tissue Dynamics has discovered the first physically-detectable pathology associated with fibromyalgia, an enigmatic disease often viewed as more mental than physical.

JCI early table of contents for June 17, 2013
This release contains summaries, links to PDFs, and contact information for the following newsworthy papers to be published online, June 17, 2013, in the JCI: Scouring the genome of adenoid cystic carcinoma; Variants in the SIM1 gene are associated with obesity; Vitamin B3 blocks cyst formation in a mouse model of polycystic kidney disease; and many more.

Making a case for transparent corporate accounting information
A new study by accounting professor Yaniv Konchitchki finds greater transparency in firms' earnings has a positive effect on the bottom line.

'Chemical architects' build materials with potential applications in drug delivery and gas storage
Home remodelers understand the concept of improving original foundations with more modern elements.

First risk assessment of shale gas fracking to biodiversity
Fracking, the controversial method of mining shale gas, is widespread across Pennsylvania, covering up to 280,000 km² of the Appalachian Basin.

Chemical in antibacterial soap fed to nursing rats harms offspring
A mother's exposure to triclocarban, a common antibacterial chemical, while nursing her babies shortens the life of her female offspring, a new study in rats finds.

Is there an invisible tug-of-war behind bad hearts and power outages?
Researchers from Princeton University and Germany's Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organization report the first purely physical experimental evidence that an invisible and chaotic tug-of-war known as a chimera state can occur naturally within any process that relies on spontaneous synchronization, including clock pendulums, power grids and heart valves.

Blocking overactive receptor in Alzheimer's recovers memory loss and more
A new study shows that memory pathology in older mice with Alzheimer's disease can be reversed with treatment.

Observation is safe, cost-saving in low-risk prostate cancer
Dana-Farber researchers find many men with low-risk, localized prostate cancers can safely choose observation instead of undergoing immediate treatment and a have better quality of life while reducing health care costs.

Psychiatric disorders linked to a protein involved in the formation of long-term memories
Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute scientists have discovered a protein that regulates synaptic ion channels that have been tied to bipolar disorder and schizophrenia.

Throwing the bum out: When should scandal-hit politicians stage a come back?
A new study in Social Science Quarterly explores the lingering effect of scandals and asks how long a politician need wait before hitting the come-back trail.

Exposure to low doses of BPA linked to increased risk of prostate cancer in human stem cells
Exposing developing tissue to low levels of the plastic bisphenol A, commonly known as BPA, is linked to a greater incidence of prostate cancer in tissue grown from human prostate stem cells, a new study finds.

Teaching and safety-net hospitals show variations in quality and outcomes of care
Teaching hospitals with a higher intensity of physician-training activity achieve lower mortality rates, but higher hospitalization readmission rates for key medical diagnoses, reports a study in the July issue of Medical Care, published by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, a part of Wolters Kluwer Health.

OHSU review: Previous studies overstated evidence on Medtronic spinal fusion product
An analysis by the Evidence-based Practice Center at Oregon Health & Science University has found that previously published clinical trial studies about a controversial bone growth product used in spinal surgeries overstated the product's effectiveness.

Printing artificial bone
MIT researchers develop method to design synthetic materials and quickly turn the design into reality using computer optimization and 3-D printing.

Vitamin D supplementation may delay precocious puberty in girls
Vitamin D supplementation may help delay early onset of puberty in girls, a new clinical study finds.

Naturally occurring hormone induces egg maturation
The naturally occurring hormone kisspeptin effectively induces egg maturation during infertility treatment, according to a clinical in vitro fertilization study.

Saint Louis University researchers discover a way to detect new viruses
Saint Louis University researchers describe a technology that can detect new, previously unknown viruses using blood serum as a biological source.

Think bigger, GBIF award winner urges biologists
A scientist from Portugal, Miguel Bastos Araújo, is the 2013 winner of the prestigious Ebbe Nielsen Prize, awarded annually by the Global Biodiversity Information Facility.

IQ link to baby's weight gain in first month
New research from the University of Adelaide shows that weight gain and increased head size in the first month of a baby's life is linked to a higher IQ at early school age.

Perching on the cliffs of New Zealand, endemic Lepidium flora faces extinction threats
Cooks Scurvy Grass (Lepidium oleraceum) has an international claim to fame as the plant most commonly used by Captain James Cook and other 18th century explorers as an antiscorbutic.

New 'embryonic' subduction zone found
A new subduction zone forming off the coast of Portugal heralds the beginning of a cycle that will see the Atlantic Ocean close as continental Europe moves closer to America.

Researchers find genetic diversity key to survival of honey bee colonies
When it comes to honey bees, more mates is better.

Certain types of graft-versus-host disease may increase risk of death, Moffitt researcher says
Joseph Pidala, M.D., M.S., assistant member of the Blood and Bone Marrow Transplant and Immunology programs at Moffitt Cancer Center, and colleagues from the Chronic Graft-Versus-Host Disease Consortium have determined that certain gastrointestinal and liver-related types of chronic graft-versus-host disease are associated with worsened quality of life and death.

1 step closer to a vaccine for a common respiratory disease
Young children and the elderly are especially susceptible to respiratory syncytial virus.

Study of dietary intervention examines proteins in brain
The lipidation states (or modifications) in certain proteins in the brain that are related to the development of Alzheimer's disease appear to differ depending on genotype and cognitive diseases, and levels of these protein and peptides appear to be influenced by diet, according to a report published online first by JAMA Neurology, a JAMA Network publication.

UT Arlington provides first academic study of journalists and private citizens' drone use
Newly published research from a University of Texas at Arlington communication team offers a groundbreaking perspective on the controversial use of unmanned aerial vehicles in journalism and mass communication, or

Making electric vehicles smaller and more comfortable
This release focuses on making electric vehicles smaller and more comfortable.

Efficient and inexpensive: Researchers develop catalyst material for fuel cells
Efficient, robust and economic catalyst materials hold the key to achieving a breakthrough in fuel cell technology.

Poor eating behaviors may put preschoolers at risk for later health problems
How kids eat their food may turn out to be just as important as what they eat, according to a new study out of St.

Safety review of bone growth product ushers in new era of data sharing
A Yale project involving the independent review of a bone growth product's safety has yielded results, which are published in the June 18 issue of Annals of Internal Medicine.

A new target for cancer drug development
Harvard Stem Cell Institute researchers have identified in the most aggressive forms of cancer a gene known to regulate embryonic stem cell self-renewal, beginning a creative search for a drug that can block its activity.

Wayne State welcomes undergraduates from around the US for physics research experience
On June 6, professors in Wayne State University's Department of Physics kicked off WSU's only National Science Foundation-funded Research Experience for Undergraduates program.

Whooping cough can be deadly for infants, but 61 percent of adults don't know their vaccine status
A new University of Michigan poll shows that 61 percent of adults say they don't know when they were last vaccinated against pertussis, which could mean they might be unwittingly exposing vulnerable babies to the disease.

Plasma in a bag
Plastic bags coated by plasma at atmospheric pressure serve as a GMP laboratory for the cultivation of adherent cells.

New medication treats drug-resistant prostate cancer in the laboratory
A new drug called pyrvinium pamoate inhibits aggressive forms of prostate cancer that are resistant to standard drugs, according to a study conducted in an animal model.

Moderate drinking during pregnancy does not seem to harm baby's neurodevelopment
Moderate drinking during pregnancy -- 3 to 7 glasses of alcohol a week -- does not seem to harm fetal neurodevelopment, as indicated by the child's ability to balance, suggests a large study published in the online only journal BMJ Open.

CNIC researchers find a possible treatment for one of the main symptoms of premature aging disease
Working with an animal model, the team of scientists at the Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Cardiovasculares have discovered that a deficit in the production of pyrophosphate provokes excessive vascular calcification, one of the most important symptoms of the premature aging disease Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome, also known as progeria.

Saving energy in subway stations
This release focuses on saving energy in subway stations.

Voices may not trigger brain's reward centers in children with autism, Stanford/Packard study shows
In autism, brain regions tailored to respond to voices are poorly connected to reward-processing circuits, according to a new study by scientists at the Stanford University School of Medicine.

Researchers unmask Janus-faced nature of mechanical forces with the Julich supercomputer
The harder you pull, the quicker it goes. At least, that used to be the rule in mechanochemistry, a method that researchers apply to set chemical reactions in motion by means of mechanical forces.

Elsevier announces publishing the journal International Economics
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, is pleased to announce it has been selected as the new publisher for the journal International Economics.

Testosterone improves verbal learning and memory in postmenopausal women
Postmenopausal women had better improvement in verbal learning and memory after receiving treatment with testosterone gel, compared with women who received sham treatment with a placebo, a new study found.

Obesity associated with hearing loss in adolescents
Obese adolescents are more likely than their normal-weight counterparts to have hearing loss, according to results of a new study.

New way to improve antibiotic production
New research findings could reduce production times and therefore costs for antibiotic producers.

Treating infection may have sting in the tail, parasite study shows
Using drugs to treat an infection could allow other co-existing conditions to flourish, a study in wild animals has shown.

Mobile health devices can improve health care access in developing countries, remote regions
Mobile health technology has substantial potential for improving access to health care in the developing world and in remote regions of developed countries, states an article in Canadian Medical Association Journal.

Infections increase risk of mood disorders
New research shows that every third person who is diagnosed for the first time with a mood disorder has been admitted to hospital with an infection prior to the diagnosis.

An innovative material for the green Earth
Researchers from Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology, S.

Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet for June 18, 2013
Below is information about articles being published in the June 18 issue of Annals of Internal Medicine.

Missing enzyme linked to drug addiction
A missing brain enzyme increases concentrations of a protein related to pain-killer addiction, according to an animal study.

E3 Forum -- Education, Employment & Entrepreneurship on a Global context
Education, Employment and Entrepreneurship will be the topics under discussion during the E3 Forum, Pavilhão do Conhecimento, 26th June.

Sanford-Burnham researchers develop new drug that reverses loss of brain connections in Alzheimer's
The first experimental drug to boost brain synapses lost in Alzheimer's disease has been developed by researchers at Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute.

Major grant funds UCSC researchers using big data to predict cancer outcomes
Despite some successes, predicting cancer outcomes based on the molecular signatures in cancer cells remains a major challenge.

Rare genomic mutations found in 10 families with early-onset, familial Alzheimer's disease
Massachusetts General Hospital researchers have discovered a type of mutation known as copy-number variants -- deletions, duplications, or rearrangements of human genomic DNA -- in affected members of 10 families with early-onset Alzheimer's.

Submarine springs reveal how coral reefs respond to ocean acidification
Ocean acidification due to rising carbon dioxide levels will reduce the density of coral skeletons, making coral reefs more vulnerable to disruption and erosion, according to a new study of corals growing where submarine springs naturally lower the pH of seawater.

Bariatric surgery restores nerve cell properties altered by diet
Understanding how gastric bypass surgery changes the properties of nerve cells that help regulate the digestive system could lead to new treatments that produce the same results without surgery, according to Penn State College of Medicine scientists, who have shown how surgery restores some properties of nerve cells that tell people their stomachs are full.

Testosterone therapy may help improve pain in men with low testosterone
Testosterone therapy is associated with decreased pain perception in men with low testosterone levels related to opioid (narcotic) pain relievers (analgesics), a new study finds.

BPA linked to a common birth defect in boys
A new study links fetal exposure to a common chemical pollutant, bisphenol A, to defects of a testicular hormone in newborn boys with undescended testicles.

Sibling aggression, often dismissed, linked to poor mental health
Fights between siblings -- from toy-snatching to clandestine whacks to being banished from the bedroom -- are so common they're often dismissed as simply part of growing up.

Scouring the genome of adenoid cystic carcinoma
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, researchers led by Andrew Futreal at the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute in Cambridge, MA, performed a type of genetic sequencing known as whole exome sequencing of 24 ACC cases.

10 virtues of outstanding leaders: Leadership and character
What makes a great leader? While most of us may find it easy to recognize good leadership qualities -- honesty, diligence, fairness to name just a few -- finding the words to define exactly what inspires people to follow a single individual is not always so straightforward.

Mice in a 'big brother' setup develop social structures
Weizmann Institute research into mouse social behavior finds signs of leadership and reveals features of

Second Atlantic season tropical depression forms
Tropical Depression 2 formed in the western Caribbean Sea during the early afternoon hours on June 17.

NIH fellowship helps researcher fight malaria, understand mosquito immunity
A Kansas State University researcher has received the prestigious National Institutes of Health's National Research Service Award Individual Postdoctoral Fellowship for his research on mosquitoes.

Community-based programs may help prevent childhood obesity
When it comes to confronting childhood obesity, researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health conclude that community-based approaches are important.

NYSCF and Columbia researchers demonstrate use of stem cells to analyze causes, treatment of diabetes
A team from the New York Stem Cell Foundation Research Institute and the Naomi Berrie Diabetes Center of Columbia University has generated patient-specific beta cells, or insulin-producing cells, that accurately reflect the features of maturity-onset diabetes of the young.

Abnormalities in new molecular pathway may increase breast cancer risk
A new molecular pathway involving the gene ZNF365 has been identified and abnormalities in that pathway may predict worse outcomes for patients with breast cancer, according to data published in Cancer Discovery, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research.

Drug combination promotes weight loss in polycystic ovary syndrome
Women with polycystic ovary syndrome, or PCOS, lost significantly more weight when they took two drugs that are traditionally used to treat diabetes, rather than either drug alone, a study from Slovenia demonstrates.

Scientists turn to the streets for help in monitoring waterways
A project that asks hikers, fishermen, birdwatchers, school kids and nature-lovers of all stripes to monitor stream levels is expanding from its home base in Western New York to three new states: Iowa, Michigan and Wisconsin.

Animal thyroid extract as effective as T4 in treating hypothyroidism
Desiccated thyroid extract, derived from crushed preparations of animal thyroid glands, is a safe and effective alternative to standard T4 therapy in hypothyroid patients, a new study finds.

CWRU study finds babies witnessing violence show aggression later in school
Aggression in school-age children may have its origins in children 3 years old and younger who witnessed violence between their mothers and partners, according to a new Case Western Reserve University study.

Working backward: Computer-aided design of zeolite templates
Taking a page from computer-aided drug designers, Rice University researchers have developed a computational method that chemists can use to tailor the properties of zeolites, one of the world's most-used industrial minerals.

Elderly benefit from using implantable defibrillators
Older people may benefit from implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) as much as younger people.

Study finds the sweet spot -- and the screw-ups -- that make or break environmental collective actions
Sustainability programs are a Goldilocks proposition -- some groups are too big, some are too small, and the environment benefits when the size of a group of people working to save it is just right.

New compound excels at killing persistent and drug-resistant tuberculosis
An international team led by scientists at the Scripps Research Institute, the Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University has identified a highly promising new anti-tuberculosis compound that attacks the tuberculosis bacterium in two different ways.

Exposure to BPA in developing prostate increases risk of later cancer
Early exposure to BPA (bisphenol A) -- an additive commonly found in plastic water bottles and soup can liners -- causes an increased cancer risk in an animal model of human prostate cancer, according to University of Illinois at Chicago researcher Gail Prins.

Medical assessment in the blink of an eye
Have you ever thought that you knew something about the world in the blink of an eye?

High-frequency trading tactic lowers investor profits
High-frequency trading strategies that exploit today's fragmented equity markets reduce investor profits overall, according to new findings by University of Michigan engineering researchers.

Academies urge new measures against drug-resistant bacteria
Fewer and fewer antibiotics are available for an increasing number of infections caused by antibiotic-resistant bacteria.

A robot that runs like a cat
Thanks to its legs, whose design faithfully reproduces feline morphology, EPFL's four-legged

Research examines how technology can break down barriers
Findings will be presented this week at an international conference in Toronto.

Eating more red meat associated with increased risk of Type 2 diabetes
Eating more red meat over time is associated with an increased risk of Type 2 diabetes mellitus in a follow-up of three studies of about 149,000 US men and women, according to a report published online girst by JAMA Internal Medicine, a JAMA Network publication.

Polymer-coated catalyst protects 'artificial leaf'
One option is to use the electrical energy generated inside solar cells to split water by means of electrolysis, in the process yielding hydrogen that can be used for a storable fuel.

When retailers strike out twice
A new research paper by Washington State University marketing experts Jeff Joireman, Yany Grégoire, Berna Devezer and Thomas Tripp offers insight into what firms can do following failed service recoveries to earn a

Pyrocumulus cloud billows from New Mexico fire
On June 12, 2013, the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer on NASA's Aqua satellite captured this image of the Silver fire burning east of Silver City, N.M.

Horizon Pharma Abstract Prizes recognize promising fellows and students
The AGA Research Foundation and Horizon Pharma further establish their commitment to advancing in the future of gastroenterology with the 2013 AGA-Horizon Pharma Fellow Abstract Prizes and the 2013 AGA-Horizon Pharma Student Abstract Prizes.

Diabetics who use meters to monitor their glucose have better control over disease
Mount Sinai researchers will demonstrate new data on diabetes self-management, as well as the role of prostastic acid phosphatase in Prostate Cancer bone metastases; identify new molecules that can stimulate the thyroid gland; reveal the prevalence of primary aldosteronism; and show how thyroid autoimmunity may be triggered by endoplasmic reticulum stress.

NIH scientists find promising biomarker for predicting HPV-related oropharynx cancer
Researchers have found that antibodies against the human papillomavirus may help identify individuals who are at greatly increased risk of HPV-related cancer of the oropharynx, which is a portion of the throat that contains the tonsils.

People attribute minds to robots, corpses that are targets of harm
As Descartes famously noted, there's no way to really know that another person has a mind -- every mind we observe is, in a sense, a mind we create.

NASA satellite sees developing tropical depression near Philippines
System 91W appears ripe to become Tropical Depression 4 in the next couple of days as it continues moving north and parallels the east coast of the Philippines.

Jet stream changes cause climatically exceptional Greenland Ice Sheet melt
Research from the University of Sheffield has shown that unusual changes in atmospheric jet stream circulation caused the exceptional surface melt of the Greenland Ice Sheet in summer 2012.

Intelligent glasses designed for professors
Scientists at la Universidad Carlos III of Madrid have developed a system based on augmented reality that, thanks to intelligent glasses, enables a professor to see notes or comments on the contents of a lesson and to see if the students understand explanations or if, on the contrary, they are having doubts or difficulties.

Directed in vitro technique may increase insulin resistance among offspring
A special type of in vitro fertilization, or IVF, may increase the risk for insulin resistance among children conceived in this way, according to a new study from Greece.

Aspirin may fight cancer by slowing DNA damage
Aspirin is known to lower risk for some cancers, and a new study led by a UC San Francisco scientist points to a possible explanation, with the discovery that aspirin slows the accumulation of DNA mutations in abnormal cells in at least one pre-cancerous condition.

Pesticides significantly reduce biodiversity in aquatic environments
The pesticides, many of which are currently used in Europe and Australia, are responsible for reducing the regional diversity of invertebrates in streams and rivers by up to 42 percent, researchers report in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Study details age disparities in HIV continuum of care
Age disparities exist in the continuum of care for patients with the human immunodeficiency virus with people younger than 45 years less likely to be aware of their infection or to have a suppressed viral load, according to a report published online first by JAMA Internal Medicine, a JAMA Network publication.

Study examines Hispanic youth exposure to food, beverage TV ads
Hispanic preschoolers, children and adolescents viewed, on average about 12 foods ads per day on television in 2010, with the majority of these ads appearing on English-language TV, whereas fast-food represented a higher proportion of the food ads on Spanish-language television, according to a study published online first by JAMA Pediatrics, a JAMA Network publication.

Study identifies protein essential for normal heart function
A study by researchers at Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences and the Department of Pharmacology at the University of California, San Diego, shows that a protein called MCL-1, which promotes cell survival, is essential for normal heart function.
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