Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 20, 2013
Lab reproduction of a marine compound with antibiotic properties
Chemists at IRB Barcelona synthesize baringolin, a substance isolated from the depths of the sea by the pharmaceutical company BioMar S.A.

Bugs provide new insights into relationships between animals and bacteria
Scientists have taken a closer look at mealybugs and their nested bacterial helpers and untangled a surprisingly unique and intricate relationship.

MBL Microbial Diversity course to receive 'Milestones in Microbiology Site' designation
The Microbial Diversity course at the Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, Mass., has been designated a

Regulatory approval opens the way for European launch of new single-size contraceptive diaphragm
European regulators have granted the single-size SILCS Diaphragm a CE marking, allowing the product to be sold throughout Europe.

A cheaper drive to 'cool' fuels
University of Delaware scientists have developed an inexpensive catalyst that uses the electricity generated from solar energy to convert carbon dioxide into synthetic fuels.

Brain images of previously unattainable quality
A new three-dimensional model of the brain now provides in-depth insights into the human control centre.

Emergency helicopter airlifts help the seriously injured
Patients transferred to hospital via helicopter ambulance tend to have a higher survival rate than those who take the more traditional road route, despite having more severe injuries.

Sounding rocket to observe currents in atmosphere
Scientists are gearing up to launch a sounding rocket from NASA's Wallops Flight Facility, Wallops Island, Va. for a five-minute trip to study a global, electrical current called the dynamo sweeping through the ionosphere.

Particle accelerator that can fit on a tabletop opens new chapter for science research
The laser plasma accelerator has accelerated about half a billion electrons to 2 gigaelectronvolts over a distance of about 1 inch.

Scientists design a potential drug compound that attacks Parkinson's disease on 2 fronts
Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have found a compound that could counter Parkinson's disease in two ways at once.

Springer launches French- and Italian-language eBook collections
Springer is now offering two more language-specific eBook collections, in French and Italian.

Student engagement more complex, changeable than thought
A student who shows up on time for school and listens respectfully in class might appear fully engaged to outside observers, including teachers.

Researchers discover how a mutated protein outwits evolution and fuels leukemia
Scientists have discovered the survival secret to a genetic mutation that stokes leukemia cells, solving an evolutionary riddle and paving the way to a highly targeted therapy for leukemia.

New product features with metallic nanoparticles
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland is developing new techniques for the production of metallic nanoparticles.

Daily iron during pregnancy linked to improved birth weight
Taking iron daily during pregnancy is associated with a significant increase in birth weight and a reduction in risk of low birth weight, finds a study published on today.

Nikhil Gupta receives heavyweight honor for work on lightweight composites
Nikhil Gupta, Polytechnic Institute of New York University associate professor of mechanical engineering, has been selected as the recipient of the ASM International Silver Medal, which recognizes a career of contributions in materials science and engineering and service to the profession.

Reports of retained guidewires draw attention to 'never events' in anesthesia
Retention of guidewires used to place central venous catheters is a complication that is considered always preventable -- but nevertheless still happens, according to a report in the July issue of Anesthesia & Analgesia, official journal of the International Anesthesia Research Society.

Lumosity's big data provides new approach to understanding human cognition
Lumosity, the leading brain training company, today announced a new web-based, big data methodology for conducting human cognitive performance research.

Making a beeline for the nectar
Bumblebees searching for nectar go for signposts on flowers rather than the bull's eye.

2-week treatment found to prevent epilepsy in mice gives hope for drug development
Temporal lobe epilepsy is characterized by recurrent seizures throughout life and often behavioral abnormalities, with devastating impacts on patients and their families.

Hubble spots galaxies in close encounter
The NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope has produced this vivid image of a pair of interacting galaxies known as Arp 142.

Hong Kong skyscrapers appear to fall in real-world illusion
No matter how we jump, roll, sit, or lie down, our brain manages to maintain a visual representation of the world that stays upright relative to the pull of gravity.

NEJM features IgA nephropathy research from Dr. Robert Wyatt
Inflammation in the kidney is a serious, common issue among adults and children.

The American Society for Microbiology honors Frank Leo van de Veerdonk
Frank Leo van de Veerdonk, M.D., Ph.D., Nijmegen Medical Centre Radboud University and Nijmegen Institute for Infection, Inflammation and Immunity, has received a 2013 ICAAC Young Investigator Award for his work in the field of fungal immunology.

Between a third and half of all women murdered worldwide are killed by a partner
Worldwide, women's greatest risk of murder is from a current or former partner, and murdered women are proportionally six times more likely to be killed by their partner than are murdered men, according to new global estimates published Online First in The Lancet.

New Moore Foundation funding supports UCSB Ecology Synthesis Center embarking on a new era
Whether it's illuminating the causes of California's exceptional plant diversity, dispelling the myth that jellyfish blooms are increasing throughout the world's oceans, or identifying key pathways for introduction of non-native forest pests into the US, UC Santa Barbara's National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis is always at the expanding frontier of ecology research.

Stress from 9/11 linked to nationwide resurgence in smoking among Americans who had quit
The 9/11 attacks on America appear to have caused about one million former smokers across the country to take up the habit again and maintain it, according to a Weill Cornell Medical College public health study.

Researchers determine factors that influence spinach contamination pre-harvest
A team of researchers from Texas and Colorado has identified a variety of factors that influence the likelihood of E. coli contamination of spinach on farms prior to harvest.

Elevated gluten antibodies found in children with autism but no link to celiac disease
Elevated antibodies to gluten proteins of wheat found in children with autism in comparison to those without autism.

Alteplase treatment reduces long-term disability and improves quality of life in stroke survivors
New research published Online First in The Lancet Neurology indicates that giving the clot-busting drug alteplase up to 6 hours after a stroke reduces long-term disability, significantly increases the likelihood of independence, and improves quality of life in stroke survivors of all ages for up to 18 months after treatment.

Changing ocean temperatures, circulation patterns affecting young Atlantic cod food supply
Changing ocean water temperatures and circulation patterns have profoundly affected key Northeast U.S.

The Red Queen was right: we have to run to keep in place
Biologists quote Lewis Carroll when arguing that survival is a constant struggle to adapt and evolve.

Ups-and-downs of Indian monsoon rainfall likely to increase under warming
Day-to-day rainfall in India might become much more variable due to climate change -- potentially putting millions of poor farmers and the country's agricultural productivity at risk.

Why jumping genes don't send us into meltdown
A team of researchers, led by academics at The University of Nottingham, has explained why the so-called 'jumping genes' found in most living organisms don't ultimately kill off their hosts, putting an end to a long-standing scientific mystery.

Men who can't produce sperm face increased cancer risk, Stanford-led study finds
Men who are diagnosed as azoospermic -- infertile because of an absence of sperm in their ejaculate -- are more prone to developing cancer than the general population, a study led by a Stanford University School of Medicine urologist has found.

The link between circadian rhythms and aging
An MIT study finds that a gene associated with longevity also regulates the body's circadian clock.

NASA rocket launch successful; next launch June 24 from Wallops
Following the successful launch today, June 20, of a NASA Terrier-Improved Orion sounding rocket, launch teams are now preparing for a two-rocket salvo June 24 from the Wallops Flight Facility, Va.

How did a third radiation belt appear in the Earth's upper atmosphere?
How did a third radiation belt appear in the Earth's upper atmosphere, and then almost completely disappear?

Clot-buster trial reveals long-term benefits for stroke patients
Patients given a clot-busting drug within six hours of a stroke are more likely to have a long-lasting recovery than those who do not receive the treatment, new research has found.

Frontiers news briefs: June 20
In this week's news briefs: social preferences in the three-person ultimatum game; control of the uterine microenvironment by Foxp3+ cells; and speech versus singing.

Cities are a new kind of complex system: Part social reactor, part network
In a paper published this week in Science, Santa Fe Institute Professor Luis Bettencourt derives a series of mathematical formulas that describe how cities' properties vary in relation to their population size, and then posits a novel unified, quantitative framework for understanding how cities function and grow.

American Chemical Society global program tackles safe drinking water in Colombia
The Global Innovation Imperatives program, administered by the American Chemical Society Office of International Activities, today issued a white paper outlining possible solutions for increasing access to safe drinking water in the rural areas of the world.

Review: Composition of care team critical to improved outcomes for nursing home patients
An interdisciplinary team that actively involves a nursing home patient's own physician plus a pharmacist has substantially better odds of improving the quality of nursing home care, according to a new systemic review of studies on long-term-stay patients' care.

Uncovering quantum secret in photosynthesis
In a study published in Science, scientists from ICFO observe the quantum character of light transport through the molecular machines at work in natural photosynthesis.

Goal of identifying nearly all genetic causes of deafness is within reach
At least half of all cases of deafness that develop from birth through infancy in developed countries have a genetic basis, as do many cases of later onset progressive hearing loss.

A revolutionary new 3-D digital brain atlas
BigBrain is the first 3-D microstructural model of the entire human brain, and is free and publicly available to researchers world-wide.

That grocery store cabbage is alive
The fruits and vegetables we buy in the grocery store are actually still alive, and it matters to them what time of day it is.

Animal study shows promising path to prevent epilepsy
Duke Medicine researchers have identified a receptor in the nervous system that may be key to preventing epilepsy following a prolonged period of seizures.

2-dimensional atomically-flat transistors show promise for next generation green electronics
UC Santa Barbara researchers demonstrate first n-type field effect transistors on monolayer tungsten diselenide with record performance.

Study of insect bacteria reveals genetic secrets of symbiosis
University of Montana microbiologist John McCutcheon and his research partners recently delved deeper into the genes involved in the

High costs of raising a child challenges state's most vulnerable caregivers: Grandparents
A new study from UCLA Center for Health Policy Research and the Insight Center for Community Economic Development shows that older adults raising grandchildren alone may be among the most vulnerable residents in California due to the state's high cost of living and low levels of public assistance.

Too green to be true? Researchers develop highly effective method for converting CO2 into methanol
Université Laval researchers have developed a highly effective method for converting CO2 into methanol, which can be used as a low-emissions fuel for vehicles.

Wayne State awards $1.8 million to enhance multidisciplinary research
Wayne State University's Office of the Vice President for Research today announced two research awards totaling $1.8 million in the Multidisciplinary Research Group Incubator Program, an internal funding program at the university.

Critical seconds saved during brain aneurysm procedure with pre-surgery rehearsal
Surgical Theater's Surgical Rehearsal Platform™ provided neurosurgeons the opportunity to rehearse a complicated cerebral case before entering the operating room, saving the surgical team critical seconds on a time-sensitive procedure.

National Institutes of Health to fund research probing proteins linked to cancer, diabetes
Researchers from Polytechnic Institute of New York University and NYU have received a grant from the National Institutes of Health to further a novel approach to understanding the genetic underpinnings of diseases including cancer and diabetes.

Black-white education gap is worsened by unresponsive state policymakers, Baylor study shows
State policymakers' attention to teacher quality -- an issue education research shows is essential to improving schooling outcomes for racial minority students -- is highly responsive to low graduation rates among white students, but not to low graduation rates among black students, according to a Baylor University study.

Protected areas provide African birds with stepping stones to survival
The protected area network in Tanzania is playing a vital role in the survival of savannah bird species as they move west in response to climate and environmental changes, according to new research led by the University of York.

International study on fragile newborns challenges current practices
One of the largest clinical trials done in infants with congenital heart diseases, published in the New England Journal of Medicine, shows that the increasingly common practice of using the drug clopidogrel (Plavix) to reduce shunt-related blood flow issues is not effective in the dose studied.

EHRA EUROPACE is an established, international conference attracting key opinion leaders, well-recognised scientists, physicians, allied professionals and industry, A record-breaking 5560 participants attended our last meeting.

Pluripotent cells from pancreatic cancer cells first human model of cancer's progression
Pancreatic cancer carries a dismal prognosis. Researchers and clinicians don't have a non-invasive way to even detect early cells that portent later disease.

CNIO researchers discover a new gene involved in obesity
This is the first time that a link has been found between telomeres and obesity.

Light and nanoprobes detect early signs of infection
Duke University biomedical engineers and genome researchers have developed a proof-of-principle approach using light to detect infections before patients show symptoms.

Colliding galaxy pair takes flight
This striking NASA Hubble Space Telescope image, which shows what looks like the profile of a celestial bird, belies the fact that close encounters between galaxies are a messy business.

Researchers propose new method for achieving nonlinear optical effects
In a step forward for quantum computing, Northwestern researchers have theorized a new method for making photons interact.

Pistil leads pollen in life-and-death dance
Pollination, essential to much of life on earth, requires the explosive death of the male pollen tube in the female ovule.

Compound enhances SSRI antidepressant's effects in mice
A synthetic compound is able to turn off

Berkeley Lab confirms thirdhand smoke causes DNA damage
A study led by researchers from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory has found for the first time that thirdhand smoke -- the noxious residue that clings to virtually all surfaces long after the secondhand smoke from a cigarette has cleared out -- causes significant genetic damage in human cells.

Study finds climate change to shrink bison, profit
A Kansas State University researcher finds that during the next 50 years, future generations of bison will be smaller in size and weigh less.

BigBrain: An ultra-high resolution 3-D roadmap of the human brain
A landmark three-dimensional digital reconstruction of a complete human brain, called the BigBrain, now for the first time shows the brain anatomy in microscopic detail -- at a spatial resolution of 20 microns, smaller than the size of one fine strand of hair -- exceeding that of existing reference brains presently in the public domain.

Dusty surprise around giant black hole
ESO's Very Large Telescope Interferometer has gathered the most detailed observations ever of the dust around the huge black hole at the centre of an active galaxy.

Iron dosing regimens affect dialysis patients' infection risk
Providing a large amount of intravenous iron over a short period of time increases dialysis patients' risk of developing a serious infection.

Researchers identify key player in the genesis of human intestinal immunity
Better treatments for people suffering from compromised intestinal immunity may emerge from a small-animal model of human intestinal immune development.

Does your salad know what time it is?
Biologists at Rice University and the University of California at Davis have found there may be potential health benefits to storing fresh produce under day-night cycles of light.

Temple researcher awarded $1.7-million NIH grant to study pediatric spinal cord injury
Most of the new cases of spinal cord injury that are diagnosed in the United States occur in people under age 30, and often the sufferer is a child.

The American Society for Microbiology honors Baligh Yehia
Baligh Yehia, M.D., M.P.P., M.S.H.P., Department of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania and Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, has received a 2013 ICAAC Young Investigator Award for his innovative work and leadership in the field of HIV health services and quality research.

Bacterial DNA may integrate into human genome more readily in tumor tissue
Bacterial DNA may integrate into the human genome more readily in tumors than in normal human tissue, according to a new study from the University of Maryland School of Medicine's Institute for Genome Sciences.

The sun moth: A beautiful new species Stenoloba solaris from China
Scientist describe a striking new species of moth from China with an engaging wing pattern.

Most unscheduled hospital admissions now come through the ER
More than three-quarters of unscheduled admissions to the hospital now come through the emergency department, which is a sharp increase from the previous decade when only 64.5 percent of unscheduled admissions came through the ER.

Total amount of exercise important, not frequency, research shows
Queen's study says getting at least 150 minutes of exercise per week is paramount but choosing how to schedule the exercise is not.

Sandusky scandal revolutionized sports journalists' social network
Recently published research illustrates how sports journalists' social network developed and enlarged over the beginning phases of the Jerry Sandusky saga.

Danish chemists in molecular chip breakthrough
Electronic components built from single molecules using chemical synthesis could pave the way for smaller, faster and more green and sustainable electronic devices.

Networked cars make traffic safer and more efficient
Vehicles and infrastructures exchanging information with one another and notifying drivers about dangers and traffic situations make traffic safer and more efficient.

Herding cancer cells to their death
Publishing their findings in today's online issue of Cancer Cell, an international team of scientists led jointly by Professors Colin Goding from the Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research who is based at the University of Oxford and José Neptuno Rodriguez-López from the University of Murcia describe a therapeutic strategy that manipulates a mechanism driving cellular heterogeneity to treat advanced melanoma.

The American Society for Microbiology honors Ken Cadwell
Ken Cadwell, Ph.D., New York University School of Medicine, has been given a 2013 ICAAC Young Investigator Award for his exceptional work in the fields of infectious diseases and pathogenesis.

Scientists discover key signaling pathway that makes young neurons connect
Neuroscientists at The Scripps Research Institute have filled in a significant gap in the scientific understanding of how neurons mature, pointing to a better understanding of some developmental brain disorders.

High rates of burnout and depression among anesthesia residents
Residents in anesthesiology training programs have high rates of burnout and depression, reports a survey study in the July issue of Anesthesia & Analgesia, official journal of the International Anesthesia Research Society.

'Forrest Gump' mice show too much of a good thing, can be bad
A line of genetically modified mice that Western University scientists call

App to protect private data on iOS devices finds almost half of other apps access private data
Almost half of the mobile apps running on Apple's iOS operating system access the unique identifier of the devices where they're downloaded, computer scientists at the University of California, San Diego, have found.

Huge falls in diabetes mortality in UK and Canada since mid-1990s
Both the UK and Canada have experienced huge falls in diabetes-related mortality since the mid-1990s, with the result that the gap in mortality risk between those with and without diabetes has narrowed substantially.

Goddard helps set 2 Guinness World Records
Setting two world records in two consecutive months, NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md., helped share some of NASA's amazing accomplishments.

Salk scientists discover previously unknown requirement for brain development
Scientists at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies have demonstrated that sensory regions in the brain develop in a fundamentally different way than previously thought, a finding that may yield new insights into visual and neural disorders.

Rhode Island Hospital reduces incidence of hospital-associated C. difficile by 70 percent
Rhode Island Hospital has reduced the incidence of hospital-associated Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) infections by 70 percent and reduced annual associated mortality in patients with hospital-associated C. difficile by 64 percent through successive implementation of five rigorous interventions.

Virus combination effective against deadly brain tumor, Moffitt Cancer Center study shows
A combination of the myxoma virus and the immune suppressant rapamycin can kill glioblastoma multiforme, the most common and deadliest malignant brain tumor, according to Moffitt Cancer Center research.

The American Society for Microbiology honors George L. Drusano
The winner of the esteemed Cubist-ICAAC Award is George L.

New risk assessment tool to predict stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation
A more accurate and reliable stroke prediction model has been developed to help physicians decide whether to start blood-thinning treatment for patients with atrial fibrillation, as described in the current online issue of the Journal of the American Heart Association.

Chlamydia promotes gene mutations
Outcome of experimental Chlamydia infections points towards cancer.

Smoke engulfs Singapore
On June 19, 2013, NASA's Terra and Aqua satellites captured striking images of smoke billowing from illegal wildfires on the Indonesian island of Sumatra.

African-Americans on Medicaid are far less likely to receive living kidney transplants
African-Americans with Medicaid as their primary insurance were less likely to receive a living kidney transplant than patients with private insurance, according to a new study by researchers at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center.

Solar splashdown
On June 7, 2011, our sun erupted, blasting tons of hot plasma into space.

Barry expected to dissipate rapidly after landfall
The Atmospheric Infrared Sounder instrument that flies aboard NASA's Aqua spacecraft captured this infrared image of Tropical Storm Barry in the Gulf of Mexico's Bay of Campeche at 07:53 UTC (3:53 a.m. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to