Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 28, 2013
Solar scientists to gather July 8-11 at Montana State University
Solar physicists from around the world will gather July 8-11 at Montana State University.

3-D Printing and Additive Manufacturing preview issue publishing Fall 2013
Mary Ann Liebert Inc., publishers announces the launch of 3-D Printing and Additive Manufacturing, a highly innovative, peer-reviewed journal on this rapidly growing disruptive technology.

Project's cropland map of the world to be most detailed ever
A five-year, $3.5 million project funded by NASA will make use of existing satellite imagery to produce the first-ever global survey of croplands.

Specialized treatment helps cholesterol patients who suffer side effects from statins
Up to 15 percent of patients on cholesterol-lowering statin medications experience muscle pain or other side effects, and many stop taking the drugs.

Major changes needed for coral reef survival
To prevent coral reefs around the world from dying off, deep cuts in carbon dioxide emissions are required, says a new study from Carnegie's Katharine Ricke and Ken Caldeira.

Pluripotent stem cell-derived neurons may be a viable Parkinson's disease treatment
Researchers transplanted human embryonic stem cells into primate laboratory animals modeled with Parkinson's disease and found

Survival of the Galapagos sea lion
The study shows that Galapagos sea lions (Zalophus wollebaeki) are more prone to starvation because of exposure to human influences like pets and pollution.

NIST announces plan to create center of excellence for advanced materials research
NIST will establish a new Advanced Materials Center of Excellence to facilitate collaborations between NIST and researchers from academia and industry on advanced materials development.

Study links cardiac hormone-related inflammatory pathway with tumor growth
A cardiac hormone signaling receptor abundantly expressed both in inflamed tissues and cancers appears to recruit stem cells that form the blood vessels needed to feed tumor growth, reports a new study by scientists at the University of South Florida Nanomedicine Research Center.

Time is of the essence for reducing the long-term effects of iron deficiency
Iron deficiency is a worldwide problem, especially in developing countries and among infants and pregnant women.

Mimicking living cells: Synthesizing ribosomes
Synthetic biology researchers at Northwestern University and Harvard Medical School have for the first time synthesized ribosomes from scratch in a test tube.

Pre-existing insomnia linked to PTSD and other mental disorders after military deployment
New research indicates that military service members who have trouble sleeping prior to deployments may be at greater risk of developing posttraumatic stress disorder, depression and anxiety once they return home.

Detached-eddy simulations and analyses on new vortical flows over a 76/40 double delta wing
Numerical simulations were performed on the massively separated flows of a 76/40° double delta wing using detached-eddy simulation.

Interplay of ecology, infectious disease, wildlife and human health featured at annual conference
West Nile virus, Lyme disease and hantavirus. All are infectious diseases spreading in animals and in people.

Medical isotope producers and the CTBTO join forces to reduce radioxenon emissions
The nuclear test monitoring agency, CTBTO, joins forces with a Belgium producer of radioelements for nuclear medicine to reduce radioactive noble gas emissions.

Is it alive or dead?
A group of mechanical engineers from Pohang University of Science and Technology in Korea describe a way to measure the thermal conductivity of single cells in the journal Applied Physics Letters, and they measured significant difference between dead and living cells, suggesting a new way to probe for biological activity.

Late bedtimes and less sleep may lead to weight gain in healthy adults
A new study suggests that healthy adults with late bedtimes and chronic sleep restriction may be more susceptible to weight gain due to the increased consumption of calories during late-night hours.

Complex activity patterns emerge from simple underlying laws
A new study from researchers at Uppsala University and University of Havana uses mathematic modeling and experiments on ants to show that a group is capable of developing flexible resource management strategies and characteristic responses of its own.

Rice U. releases findings from national Portraits of American Life Study
Americans are more respectful now than ever before when it comes to the religious traditions of their peers, according to findings from the longitudinal Rice University Portraits of American Life Study.

Boat noise stops fish finding home
Boat noise disrupts orientation behavior in larval coral reef fish, according to new research from the Universities of Bristol, Exeter and Liège.

Bielefeld University to host the European node for human genome data
Since 2001, the human genome has been accessible on the Internet over the

Scientists view 'protein origami' to help understand, prevent certain diseases
Scientists using sophisticated imaging techniques have observed a molecular protein folding process that may help medical researchers understand and treat diseases such as Alzheimer's, Lou Gehrig's and cancer.

Divorce early in childhood affects parental relationships in adulthood
Divorce has a bigger impact on child-parent relationships if it occurs in the first few years of the child's life, according to new research.

Registered dietitians help critically ill children get necessary nutrition for recovery
For the first time, researchers investigated enteral nutrition and caloric requirements among critically ill children in a new report published in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.

Scripps Florida scientists turn muscular dystrophy defect on and off in cells
For the first time, scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have identified small molecules that allow for complete control over a genetic defect responsible for the most common adult onset form of muscular dystrophy.

Scientists discover new mechanism regulating the immune response
Scientists at an Academy of Finland Centre of Excellence have discovered a new mechanism regulating the immune response that can leave a person susceptible to autoimmune diseases.

Type 2 diabetes patients transplanted with own bone marrow stem cells reduces insulin use
Exploiting the rich source of stem cells in bone marrow, researchers examined the safety and efficacy of autologously transplanted bone marrow stem cells in patients with type 2 diabetes.

Microscopy technique could help computer industry develop 3-D components
A technique developed several years ago at NIST for improving optical microscopes now has been applied to monitoring the next generation of computer chip circuit components, potentially providing the semiconductor industry with a crucial tool for improving chips for the next decade or more.

Rare weight lifting injury required surgery
A young, healthy man injured himself so severely while weight lifting that he required surgery and nearly a full week in the hospital to recover.

Biomarker predicts risk of breast cancer recurrence after tamoxifen treatment
A biomarker reflecting expression levels of two genes in tumor tissue may be able to predict which women treated for estrogen-receptor-positive breast cancer should receive a second estrogen-blocking medication after completing tamoxifen treatment.

Media registration now open for GSA's 125th Anniversary Meeting
Media registration is open for the Geological Society of America's 125th Annual Meeting & Exposition, to be held 27-30 October at the Colorado Convention Center in Denver, Colorado USA.

Low-power Wi-Fi signal tracks movement -- even behind walls
A system being developed at MIT could give all of us the ability to spot people in different rooms using low-cost Wi-Fi technology.

Exploring dinosaur growth
Tracking the growth of dinosaurs and how they changed as they grew is difficult.

Disney Research automates analysis of field hockey team behaviors
Investigators at Disney Research, Pittsburgh, have developed an automated technique for analyzing the patterns of play of field hockey teams, providing a new tool for coaches and commentators who must make sense of mountains of video and other game data.

SCI patients treated with own olfactory ensheathing cells realize neurologic improvement
Researchers who treated three of six paraplegics with spinal cord injury using transplanted olfactory ensheathing cells found that the three treated patients showed neurological improvement and no adverse effects; while the three control patients with no transplant saw no improvement.

Panama and Panthera establish historic jaguar protection agreement
A significant victory was achieved for the future of jaguars this week with the establishment of an historic conservation agreement by the government of Panama and Panthera, a global big cat conservation organization.

Cardiac patients given longer prescriptions at discharge more likely to continue taking medication
Elderly cardiac patients prescribed heart medications for 60 days or more after leaving hospital have four times the odds of adhering to the drug regime than patients prescribed the same medications for 30 days, according to research conducted at the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences and Women's College Hospital.

Dendritic cell therapy improves kidney transplant survival, Pitt team says
A single systemic dose of special immune cells prevented rejection for almost four months in a preclinical animal model of kidney transplantation, according to experts at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine.

Large-scale quantum chip validated
A team of scientists at USC has verified that quantum effects are indeed at play in the first commercial quantum optimization processor.
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