Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 02, 2013
GIS scientists discover molecular communication network in human stem cells
Scientists at A*STAR's Genome Institute of Singapore and the Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics in Berlin (Germany) have discovered a molecular network in human embryonic stem cells that integrates cell communication signals to keep the cell in its stem cell state.

Weekly yoga class yields similar lower back pain relief as 2 classes
Researchers at Boston University School of Medicine and Boston Medical Center have found that a weekly yoga class provided similar lower back pain relief and reduced the need for pain medication as twice weekly classes in lower income minority patients.

Screening using peptide level and collaborative care to help reduce risk of heart failure
Among patients at risk of heart failure, collaborative care based on screening for certain levels of brain-type natriuretic peptide reduced the combined rates of left ventricular systolic dysfunction, diastolic dysfunction, and heart failure as well as emergency cardiovascular hospitalizations, according to a study in the July 3 issue of JAMA.

Flexing the Verification Muscle
The nuclear test monitoring agency, CTBTO, recently conducted a field exercise to test the operations and techniques of an on-site inspection in Hungary.

Team explores the effects of exercise on ulcerative colitis
Aerobic exercise can lessen -- or worsen -- the symptoms of inflammatory bowel diseases such as ulcerative colitis, depending on the circumstances under which the exercise is undertaken, researchers report.

Workers at industrial farms carry drug-resistant bacteria associated with livestock
A new study found drug-resistant bacteria associated with livestock in the noses of industrial livestock workers in North Carolina but not in the noses of antibiotic-free livestock workers.

Happily married means a healthier ever after
New BYU research finds that people in happy marriages live less

WUSTL engineer to study climate trends in St. Louis and southeastern US
Brent Williams, Ph.D., in the School of Engineering and Applied Science at Washington University in St.

New hardware design protects data in the cloud
A new hardware design makes data encryption more secure by disguising cloud servers' memory-access patterns.

International Space Station technology to 'hear' potential leaks
This release focuses on finding new ways to detect leaks.

Higher education may be protective against MS-associated cognitive deficits
Multiple sclerosis can lead to severe cognitive impairment as the disease progresses.

Home-based walking exercise program improves speed and endurance for patients with PAD
In a trial that included nearly 200 participants with peripheral artery disease (PAD), a home-based exercise intervention with a group-mediated cognitive behavioral intervention component improved walking performance and physical activity in patients with PAD, according to a study in the July 3 issue of JAMA.

Teens' self-consciousness linked with specific brain, physiological responses
Teenagers are famously self-conscious, acutely aware and concerned about what their peers think of them.

Smoking cessation, weight gain, and subsequent CHD risk
The authors used data from the Women's Health Initiative to assess the association between smoking cessation, weight gain, and subsequent coronary heart disease risk among postmenopausal women with and without diabetes.

UCSB sociologist examines same-sex marriage debate within LBGT movement
Few issues in American society have provoked such polarized -- and heated -- responses as same-sex marriage.

OU physicists develop rationale for the next-generation particle collider
A University of Oklahoma-developed theory provides the rationale for the next-generation particle accelerator -- the International Linear Collider.

Comet ISON brings holiday fireworks
This July 4th the solar system is showing off some fireworks of its own.

Music to a gambler's ears
Winning sounds on slot machines make gambling more exciting, according to a new study by Mike Dixon and colleagues from the University of Waterloo in Canada.

The ribosome -- a new target for antiprion medicines
New research results from Uppsala University, Sweden, show that the key to treating neurodegenerative prion diseases such as mad cow disease and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease may lie in the ribosome, the protein synthesis machinery of the cell.

Inflammation links social adversity and diabetes
Diabetes is strongly associated with socioeconomic status: Low income, low education, and low occupational status are all linked to a higher risk for diabetes.

High nitrogen dioxide levels from Arizona's Yarnell Hill Fire
This June 29, 2013 image from the OMI, or Ozone Monitoring Instrument aboard NASA's Aura satellite shows nitrogen dioxide levels in Arizona pertaining to three large fires.

Coronal mass ejection headed toward Mercury and Venus
On July 1, 2013, at 6:09 p.m. EDT, the sun erupted with a coronal mass ejection, or CME, a solar phenomenon that can send billions of tons of solar particles into space that can affect electronic systems in satellites.

A potentially life-saving protein takes shape
The protein ubiquitin, found in all membranous cells, may hold the key to treating diseases from cancer to Parkinson's.

Breakthrough: Sensors monitor cells at work
Transport proteins are responsible for moving materials such as nutrients and metabolic products through a cell's outer membrane, which seals and protects all living cells, to the cell's interior.

UCLA researchers find new clue to cause of human narcolepsy
UCLA researchers have found that an excess number of brain cells that produce the chemical histamine may cause the loss of other cells that produce hypocretin, the neuropeptide that keeps us awake, elevates mood and alertness, and, by their absence, explains the sleepiness of narcolepsy.

Curcumin may protect premature infants' lungs
Curry spice provides protective qualities for premature infants' lungs.

New study describes imaging findings in H7N9 influenza
H7N9 pneumonia is characterized by imaging findings that differentiate it from other types of pneumonia, including rapidly progressive changes in the lungs and pulmonary connective tissues, according to the first study to describe radiologic findings in the disease.

Dissecting the distinctive walk of disease
Older adults diagnosed with brain disorders such as Parkinson's disease often feel a loss of independence because of their lack of mobility and difficulty walking.

Don't judge by the looks: Molecular analysis reveals a new species of white toothed shrew
Judging solely by the looks proves to be a wrong practice in biology too.

Test accurately and swiftly detects most leading causes of bacterial blood stream infection
A new automated diagnostic test can quickly and accurately identify most leading causes of Gram-positive bacterial blood stream infections and the presence of three antibiotic resistance genes, according to a new study published this week in PLOS Medicine.

Invasive fly species continues to move northward
The local discovery of a species of fly not native to the Midwest could have significant implications on forensic investigations involving decomposing remains, according to a forensic biology researcher at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis.

Cluster spacecraft detects elusive space wind
A new study provides the first conclusive proof of the existence of a space wind first proposed theoretically over 20 years ago.

Listening to blood cells: Simple test could use sound waves for diagnosing blood-related diseases
New research reveals that when red blood cells are hit with laser light, they produce high frequency sound waves that contain a great deal of information.

National Psoriasis Foundation awards 12 psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis research fellowships
Twelve residents and medical students each received a one-year, $40,000 National Psoriasis Foundation fellowship to study psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis.

Drug improves cognitive function in mouse model of Down syndrome, Stanford study says
An existing FDA-approved drug improves cognitive function in a mouse model of Down syndrome, according to a new study by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.

Scientists identify promising antiviral compounds
Scientists at the US Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have identified two promising candidates for the development of drugs against human adenovirus, a cause of ailments ranging from colds to gastrointestinal disorders to pink eye.

A good night's sleep increases the cardiovascular benefits of a healthy lifestyle
A good night's sleep can increase the benefit of exercise, healthy diet, moderate alcohol consumption and non-smoking in their protection against cardiovascular disease.

Licensing agreement for development of diagnostic tests for HIV drug resistance
Case Western Reserve University has signed an exclusive worldwide licensing agreement granting University Hospitals Case Medical Center rights to a series of diagnostic tests to determine drug resistance and co-receptor tropism in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

Brown fat responsible for from heart disease-related deaths in winter
More people die from heart-disease during the winter months, and according to a new study published in the journal Cell Metabolism, the increase in mortality is possibly due to the accelerated growth of atherosclerotic plaque in the blood vessels caused by the activation of brown fat by the cold.

Passing the ball may also pass disease, UCI study finds
UC Irvine researchers have demonstrated that basketballs and volleyballs can spread potentially dangerous germs among players.

More Americans want government to stay out of international affairs
The number of Americans wanting their government to stay out of international affairs is higher than it has been since the Vietnam War, according to a new analysis.

AGI's latest Geoscience Currents examines the community college to university pathway in Texas
Community colleges provide a strong foundation for the nation's graduating STEM (Science Technology Engineering and Mathematics) workforce.

Scientists decode the genomic sequence of 700,000-year-old horse
Scientists decode the genomic sequence of 700,000-year-old horse.

Low levels of toxic proteins linked to brain diseases, study suggests
Neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's could be better understood thanks to insight into proteins linked to such conditions, a study suggests.

Space station gets an attitude adjustment for solar science
The sun lightens our world and enlightens our scientists as they look to our closest star for a better understanding of solar activity and what it means for our planet.

BMC, BUSM geriatrician honored with Ewald W. Busse Award
Thomas Perls, M.D., M.P.H., a geriatrician at Boston Medical Center and professor of medicine at Boston University School of Medicine, has been honored with the Ewald W.

UNC researchers discover a gene's key role in building the developing brain's scaffolding
Researchers have pinpointed the role of a gene known as Arl13b in guiding the formation and proper placement of neurons in the early stages of brain development.

New catalyst could cut cost of making hydrogen fuel
A discovery at the University of Wisconsin-Madison may represent a significant advance in the quest to create a

Solving electron transfer
EPFL scientists have shown how a solvent can interfere with electron transfer by using unprecedented time resolution in ultrafast fluorescence spectroscopy.

Balancing food security and environmental quality in China
A special section in the Journal of Environmental Quality details the challenges China faces today in managing nutrient losses from crop and livestock production, and how the country must shift from a sole focus on food security to a triple emphasis on food security, efficient use of resources, and environmental protection.

Poor planning skills found to contribute to income-achievement gap
A new study shows that poor planning skills are one reason for the income-achievement gap.

AGU journal highlights -- 2 July 2013
Featured in this release are research papers on the following topics:

Companies look at wrong things when using facebook to screen job applicants
Employers are increasingly using Facebook to screen job applicants and weed out candidates they think have undesirable traits.

Fishing in the sea of proteins
To convert a gene into a protein, a cell first crafts a blueprint out of RNA.

Hijacking stress response in cancer
NRF2 works as a

Changes in hyaluronan metabolism key in adaptation of keratinocytes to radiation injury
As the outermost layer of skin, epidermis is crucial in forming a permeability barrier and protection against various environmental agents.

Simple math may solve longstanding problem of parasite energetics
Feeling faint from the flu? Is your cold causing you to collapse?

Novel chemistry for new class of antibiotic
University of Adelaide research has produced a potential new antibiotic which could help in the battle against bacterial resistance to antibiotics.

Bat maps: The conservation crusade
Conservation efforts have taken an important step forward, thanks to observations of bats -- creatures that make up a quarter of all of the UK's native mammal species.

Fluorescent fingerprint tag aims to increase IDs from 'hidden' prints on bullets and knives
Neutron scattering at ILL and ISIS delves inside a new crime scene forensics technique developed by the University of Leicester.

Abiraterone: Hint of considerable added benefit
Abiraterone can prolong life and delay the occurrence of severe pain in patients with metastatic prostate cancer that is not responsive to hormone blockade, in whom chemotherapy is not yet indicated.

Joslin scientists find that salsalate lowers blood glucose in type 2 diabetes
Joslin scientists report that salsalate, a drug used to treat arthritis, lowers blood glucose and improves glycemic control in type 2 diabetes.

Women worldwide know less about politics than men
Women living in the world's most advanced democracies and under the most progressive gender equality regimes still know less about politics than men according to a ten-nation study of media systems and national political knowledge funded by the Economic and Social Research Council.

Neighborhood residents with lowest incomes most likely to care about their communities
Some may assume that low-income residents of run-down, crime-ridden neighborhoods do not care about their communities.

Are thoughts of death conducive to humor?
New findings in the field of humor research show that individuals who are unconsciously primed with thoughts of death write more creative cartoon captions than individuals who are primed with thoughts of pain.

Brain sets prices with emotional value
You might be falling in love with that new car, but you probably wouldn't pay as much for it if you could resist the feeling.

NASA sees tropical storm dalila weaken, new low pressure area form
NOAA's GOES-15 satellite captured an infrared image of the Eastern Pacific Ocean during the pre-dawn hours on July 2 and noticed Tropical Storm Dalila weakening near the southwestern Mexico coast, while further southwest a new tropical low pressure area called System 97E, had formed.

Grants kick-start novel research in humanities, arts, social sciences
Child poverty, international migration and the cultural impact of video games are among the topics of seven new interdisciplinary programs in the humanities, arts and social sciences recently announced at UC Davis.

Greenhouse gas likely altering ocean foodchain
Climate change may be weeding out the bacteria that form the base of the ocean's food chain.

Growth in cerebral aneurysms increases risk of rupture
Cerebral aneurysms of all sizes -- even small ones below seven millimeters -- are 12 times more likely to rupture if they are growing in size, according to a new study.

Cadaver study may help clinicians identify patients who can skip ACL reconstruction
A study by researchers at Hospital for Special Surgery has provided the first evidence that the shape of a person's knee could be a factor in the decision of whether a patient should undergo anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction after an ACL tear.

Fidaxomicin in Clostridium difficile infection: added benefit not proven
The antibiotic fidaxomicin is used in symptomatic infection of the bowel with bacteria called Clostridium difficile.

Mental disorders in 13.5 percent of Canadian Forces personnel deployed to Afghanistan
An important minority -- 13.5 percent -- of Canadian Forces personnel who served in support of the Afghanistan mission in 2001-08 have been found to have a mental health disorder related to their deployment, according to a study published in Canadian Medical Association Journal.

Non-invasive brain stimulation helps stroke patients gain prolonged language recovery
On July 2nd, JoVE will publish a video article showing the details of a technique developed by researchers to improve language function in stroke patients with chronic speech-language impairment.

Study finds in vitro fertilization associated with small increased risk of mental retardation
In a study that included more than 2.5 million children born in Sweden, compared with spontaneous conception, any in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment was not associated with autistic disorder but was associated with a small but statistically significantly increased risk of mental retardation, according to a study in the July 3 issue of JAMA.

New test spots more lung clots but seems to result in overdiagnosis
A new diagnostic test to detect pulmonary embolism (a blockage of the main artery of the lung) misses fewer clots, but seems to result in overdiagnosis, warn experts on bmj.com today.

Genomes of cholera bacteria from Haiti confirm epidemic originated from single source
The strain of cholera that has sickened thousands in Haiti came from a single source and was not repeatedly introduced to the island over the past three years as some have thought, according to a new study published in mBio®, the online open-access journal of the American Society for Microbiology.

Scientists undertake effort to launch video data-sharing library for developmental science
In the largest open-source video-data sharing project of its kind, behavioral researchers, digital library scientists, and computer scientists are undertaking the creation of Databrary, a web-based video-data library sponsored by the National Science Foundation and the National Institutes of Health.

Revolutionary instrument delivers a sharper universe to astronomers
A unique new instrument at Gemini South in Chile takes the removal of atmospheric distortions (using adaptive optics technology) to a new level.

IVF for male infertility linked to increased risk of intellectual disability and autism in children
In the first study to compare all available IVF treatments and the risk of neurodevelopmental disorders in children, researchers find that IVF treatments for the most severe forms of male infertility are associated with an increased risk of intellectual disability and autism in children.

NIH grant makes STaRs of 8 Wayne State nursing students
Eight Wayne State University undergraduate nursing students are gaining unique insight about the research field thanks to a $40,000 grant awarded to the university's College of Nursing and School of Medicine from the National Institute of Nursing Research of the National Institutes of Health.

Texas-Arlington professor named Fulbright Distinguished Chair in Australia
Distinguished political science professor hopes to increase mutual understanding of executive foreign policy-making during Fulbright Distinguished Chair residence in Australia.

Wayne State engineering professor wins NASF award
Yinlun Huang, professor of chemical engineering and materials science in Wayne State University's College of Engineering, has been awarded the 2013 National Association for Surface Furnishing's Scientific Achievement Award.

Irreversible tissue loss seen within 40 days of spinal cord injury
The rate and extent of damage to the spinal cord and brain following spinal cord injury have long been a mystery.

Why do we gesticulate?
If you rely on hand gestures to get your point across, you can thank fish for that!

NASA sees Tropical Storm Rumbia hit China with heavy rainfall
Typhoon Rumbia had weakened to a tropical storm and moved over southern China when NASA's TRMM satellite flew above on July 2, 2013 at 0316 UTC and measured its rainfall rates.

23andMe and ALSPAC identify 16 new genetic associations for pollen, dust-mite and cat allergies
The largest genome-wide association study ever conducted on common allergies, including pollen, dust-mite and cat allergies, has identified 16 new genetic associations related to the condition.

ASPIRE prize winner balances ocean conservation and socioeconomic viability
Dr. Carissa Klein of Australia was awarded the APEC Science Prize for Innovation, Research and Education, sponsored by John Wiley & Sons, Inc., and Elsevier, on Monday by Minister Gusti M.

July 2013 story tips
These tips are about: ENERGY - Big voltage, little package METALLURGY - Graphite foam expansion ENERGY - CoNNECT promotes savings MATERIALS - Safer batteries CLIMATE - Blogging from the Arctic.

Gene therapy cures a severe paediatric neurodegenerative disease in animal models
A single session of a gene therapy developed by the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona cures Sanfilippo Syndrome A in animal models.

Surviving fasting in the cold
King penguin chicks survive harsh winters with almost no food by minimizing the cost of energy production.

Building scientific innovation into the construction sector
Two of the UK's Innovation and Knowledge Centres, which work closely with industry on research to radically change the construction and management of infrastructure, and to use the surfaces of buildings as solar power stations, are to receive a further £3.8 million of collaborative research funding from the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council.

Intervention helps improve and maintain better blood pressure control
An intervention that consisted of home blood pressure (BP) telemonitoring with pharmacist management resulted in improvements in BP control and decreases in BP during 12 months, compared with usual care, and improvement in BP that was maintained for six months following the intervention, according to a study in the July 3 issue of JAMA.

Bringing low-cost, inkjet-printed nano test strips to pakistan for drinking water tests
The National Academy of Sciences announced a three-year, $271,930 grant to chemist Vincent Rotello at the University of Massachusetts Amherst to develop, test and deploy new, sensitive, reliable and affordable inkjet-printed, nanoparticle-based test strips for detecting disease-causing bacteria in drinking water, with researchers at the Lahore University of Management Sciences, Pakistan.

How cancer spreads: Metastatic tumor a hybrid of cancer cell and white blood cell
Yale Cancer Center scientists, together with colleagues at the Denver Police Crime Lab and the University of Colorado, have found evidence that a human metastatic tumor can arise when a leukocyte (white blood cell) and a cancer cell fuse to form a genetic hybrid.

Vaginal delivery ups risk of pelvic organ prolapse
Women who give birth vaginally are at increased risk of developing pelvic organ prolapse during the year after delivery, according to a study of Chinese women by researchers at Yale School of Medicine and Wenzhou Third People's Hospital.

Growth, not just size, boosts brain aneurysms' risk of bursting
Brain aneurysms of all sizes -- even small ones the size of a pea -- are up to 12 times more likely to rupture if they are growing, according to a new UCLA study.

Corn yield prediction model uses simple measurements at a specific growth stage
A new study describes a robust corn yield prediction model that could help both growers and industry maximize their profits and efficiency.
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