Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 04, 2013
Feeding galaxy caught in distant searchlight
Astronomers using ESO's Very Large Telescope have spotted a distant galaxy hungrily snacking on nearby gas.

Unique shell design gives guillemot eggs an edge for living on the edge
Unique nano-structures on guillemot eggshells eggs enable them to survive precarious habitats, on exposed cliffs with no nest.

SAGE announces winner of 2013 ALPSP travel grant
SAGE today announced the recipient of their 2013 library travel grant for the ALPSP International Conference.

Cosmic radio bursts point to cataclysmic origins
Mysterious bursts of radio waves originating from billions of light years away have left the scientists who detected them speculating about their origins.

Study finds public reporting of death rates is unlikely to identify poorly performing surgeons
New research published in The Lancet suggests that the publication of death rates for individual surgeons in England, launched for the first of a new group of 10 specialties last week, is unlikely to correctly identify poorly performing surgeons in some specialties, because low numbers of key operations lead to unreliable results.

Saarland University scientists reveal structure of a supercooled liquid
If a liquid metal alloy is cooled slowly it will eventually form a solid phase.

Technological breakthrough paves the way for better drugs
Researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden have developed the first method for directly measuring the extent to which drugs reach their targets in the cell.

New marker substance for cancer cells
Scientists from ETH Zurich have developed a new substance that enables certain tumour types to be rendered visible in high resolution using positron emission tomography.

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus has not yet reached pandemic potential
New estimates of the transmissibility of the Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus in humans suggest that it does not yet have pandemic potential, according to research published in The Lancet.

EORTC QOL researchers receive awards to present at the European Cancer Congress 2013 and ISOQOL 2013
Efstathios Zikos and Divine Ediebah of the EORTC Quality of Life Department have been awarded Fellowship Grants to attend the European Cancer Congress 2013 in Amsterdam.

Pickling tape for local pre-treatment of aluminum
A new self-adhesive tape simplifies the process of pickling aluminum surfaces.

It smells fishy: Copper prevents fish from avoiding danger
Fish fail to detect danger in copper-polluted water. A new study, to be presented at the meeting of the Society for Experimental Biology on July 5, shows that fish cannot smell a danger odor signal emitted by other fish in waters contaminated with copper.

Hubble Telescope reveals variation between hot extrasolar planet atmospheres
First results from the analysis of eight 'hot Jupiter' exoplanets suggest that winds and clouds play an important role in the atmospheric make up of these exotic planets.

Australian physicists cast new light on spin-bowling
As the Ashes series gets underway next week, a pair of brothers from Australia have been exploring the physics behind the spin of a cricket ball.

A route for steeper, cheaper, and deeper roots
Plants with thinner roots can grow deeper, a trait which could be exploited in lands affected by drought and nutrient deprivation.

New research could pave the way to safer treatments for arthritis
The increased risk of heart attack or stroke associated with many arthritis drugs may be avoidable, according to a new international study co-authored by researchers at Imperial College London.

Using RFID for fiber composites
Antennas that are capable of transmitting radio waves turn components into intelligent objects.

Brain epigenome changes from birth to adolescence
Today, an article published in Science in collaboration with the group of Manel Esteller, Director of Epigenetics and Cancer Biology Biomedical Research Institute, ICREA researcher and Professor of Genetics at the University of Barcelona, gives us an important clue to understanding this process.

Earliest evidence of using flower beds for burial found in Raqefet Cave in Mt. Carmel
The modern custom of laying flowers in graves or using them for funerals dates back to as early as 13,700 years ago, to our Natufian ancestors living in Mt.

Long-lived mice are less active
Female mice with a high life expectancy are less active and less explorative.

Unique epigenomic code identified during human brain development
Salk findings uncovers dynamic changes in the epigenome that occur during brain circuitry formation.

No single origin for agriculture in the Fertile Crescent
A rich assemblage of fossils and artifacts in the foothills of the Zagros Mountains in Iran shows that the transition from foraging to farming took place at roughly the same time across the entire Fertile Crescent, not in a single core area of the

University of East Anglia research reveals true cost of farming to UK economy
The British landscape is not being used to its best advantage according to a new report from environmental economists from the University of East Anglia.

Scientists explore the mind with epigenomic maps
Ground-breaking research by ARC scientists at The University of Western Australia and from scientists in the US, published today (July 4) in Science, has provided an unprecedented view of the epigenome during brain development.

Laser system allows determination of atomic binding energy of the rarest element on earth
Using artificially generated astatine, the Mainz-based physicist Sebastian Rothe has now managed for the first time to experimentally explore one of its fundamental parameters, the ionization potential, and thus determine one of the most important properties of the rare element.

Exercise rescues mutated neural stem cells
The genetic mutation leading to the developmental disorder

Frontiers news briefs: July 4
In this week's news briefs: Large-scale network organisation in the avian forebrain; How Toxoplasma gondii survives inside cells; and the effect of mixed microbial populations on the growth and gene expression of plants.

Seeing starfish: The missing link in eye evolution?
A study has shown for the first time that starfish use primitive eyes at the tip of their arms to visually navigate their environment.

From manga to movies: Study offers new insights into Japan's biggest media industries
Japanese films have retaken the box office in their home market in a major shift not seen since the 1960s, competing head-to-head with Hollywood's biggest global blockbusters, according to new research by the University of East Anglia.

White dwarf star throws light on possible variability of a constant of nature
A UNSW-led team has studied a distant star where gravity is more than 30,000 times greater than on Earth to test the controversial theory that one of the constants of nature is not a constant.

Molecular chains hypersensitive to magnetic fields
Researchers have for the first time created perfect one-dimensional molecular wires of which the electrical conductivity can almost entirely be suppressed by a weak magnetic field at room temperature.

Elsevier announces the launch of the new journal: Water Resources and Economics
Elsevier is pleased to announce that the launch of the new journal Water Resources and Economics published in association with the International Water Association and the European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists.

Spider webs more effective at ensnaring charged insects
Flapping bees build up a charge of several hundred volts, enough to electrostatically draw pollen from a flower.

Tweet all about it -- Twitter can't replace newswires, study shows
News agencies continue to have an edge over Twitter in being first with the news, a study found.

The balancing act of producing more food sustainably
A policy known as sustainable intensification could help meet the challenges of increasing demands for food from a growing global population, argues a team of scientists in an article in the journal Science.

Protecting drinking water systems from deliberate contamination
An international project has developed a response program for rapidly restoring the use of drinking water networks following a deliberate contamination event.

Jumping snails leap over global warming
Snails in the Great Barrier Reef literally jump for their life to avoid predators.

Scientists discover ethnic differences in immune response to TB bacterium
The immune response to the bacterium that causes tuberculosis varies between patients of different ethnic origin, raising important implications for the development of tests to diagnose and monitor treatment for the disease, according to new research published today in the journal PLOS Pathogens.

Study reveals ancient jigsaw puzzle of past supercontinent
A new study published today in the journal Gondwana Research, has revealed the past position of the Australian, Antarctic and Indian tectonic plates, demonstrating how they formed the supercontinent Gondwana 165 million years ago.

Boat owners can fight barnacles with new eco-friendly method
A new eco-friendly method to fight the accumulation of barnacles on the hulls of boats and ships has been developed by Emiliano Pinori in cooperation with colleagues at the University of Gothenburg and the SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden in Borås.

Feeding galaxy caught in distant searchlight by international research team
An international group of astronomers that includes UC Santa Barbara astrophysicist Crystal Martin and former UCSB postdoctoral researcher Nicolas Bouché has spotted a distant galaxy hungrily snacking on nearby gas.

Octopus' blue blood allows them to rule the waves!
Worldwide colonization by octopods is in their blood! They manage to survive temperature habitats ranging from as low as -1.8°C to more than 30°C due to their ability to keep supplying oxygen to their body tissues.
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