Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 12, 2013
Study reveals early financial arguments are a predictor of divorce
A researcher finds correlation between financial arguments, decreased relationship satisfaction.

Brain region implicated in emotional disturbance in dementia patients
A study by researchers at Neuroscience Research Australia is the first to demonstrate that patients with frontotemporal dementia (FTD) lose the emotional content/colour of their memories.

New research shows that temperature influences tropical flowering
Temperature, rather than cloud cover, may be key to the timing of tropical flowering events according to research at two sites in the Smithsonian Institution Global Earth Observatory Network published online in Nature Climate Change.

Female childhood cancer survivors at increased risk of infertility
New research published in The Lancet Oncology shows that although women who survive childhood cancer are at an increased risk of infertility, if they have clinical infertility [1] they still have a good likelihood of going on to conceive; about two thirds of them get pregnant, a rate similar to the rate of pregnancy seen in non-cancer survivors with clinical infertility.

Research finds racial/ethnic disparities in health care among older male cancer survivors
Older African-American and Hispanic men who have survived cancer are less likely than their white counterparts to see a specialist or receive basic preventive care, such as vaccinations, according to new research from Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center.

Exploring gender dimensions of treatment programs for neglected tropical diseases in Uganda
Males and females face different challenges in accessing treatment for neglected tropical diseases, according to a new study from researchers at the University of Toronto Dalla Lana School of Public Health, Uganda Ministry of Health and Imperial College London.

NJIT professor collaborated on new federal report on Deepwater Horizon oil spill
NJIT professor Michel Boufadel is a co-author of a new expert report on the effects of the Deepwater Horizon Mississippi Canyon-252 oil spill on ecosystem services in the Gulf of Mexico.

Injecting iron supplement lets Stanford scientists track transplanted stem cells
A new, noninvasive technique for tracking stem cells after transplantation -- developed by a cross-disciplinary team of radiologists, chemists, statisticians and materials scientists at the Stanford University School of Medicine -- could help surgeons determine whether a procedure to repair injured or worn-out knees is successful.

Small packages delivering huge results
University of Melbourne researchers have developed an efficient system to coat tiny objects, such as bacterial cells, with thin films that assemble themselves which could have important implications for drug delivery as well as biomedical and environmental applications.

Link between quantum physics and game theory found
A deep link between two seemingly unconnected areas of modern science has been discovered by researchers from the Universities of Bristol and Geneva.

Gang members found to suffer unprecedented levels of psychiatric illness
Young men who are gang members suffer unprecedented levels of psychiatric illness, placing a heavy burden on mental health services, according to new research led by Queen Mary, University of London.

A hidden epidemic: Street children show high levels of drug use
Addiction has published a systematic review of 50 studies of drug use among street children in 22 countries, shedding new light on the magnitude of the problem, the causes and health consequences of drug use among street children, and areas where new research is badly needed.

Stem cell clues uncovered
Proper tissue function and regeneration is supported by stem cells, which reside in so-called niches.

Study finds strong pregnancy outcomes for survivors of childhood cancer
New research finds that almost two-thirds of female childhood cancer survivors who tried at least a year to get pregnant eventually conceive.

NASA study shows disks don't need planets to make patterns
Many young stars known to host planets also possess disks containing dust and icy grains, particles produced by collisions among asteroids and comets also orbiting the star.

Interspecies transplant works in first step for new diabetes therapy
In the first step toward animal-to-human transplants of insulin-producing cells for people with type 1 diabetes, Northwestern Medicine® scientists have successfully transplanted islets, the cells that produce insulin, from one species to another.

Marital status reduces risk of death from HIV/AIDS for men
At the height of the AIDS epidemic in the 1980s men who were married were significantly less likely to die of HIV/AIDS than their single counterparts.

Range of motion may be a predictor for elbow injuries in Major League Baseball pitchers
Certain elements of a pitcher's throwing mechanics can increase the risk for elbow injuries, according to information presented by researchers at the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine's Annual Meeting today in Chicago, IL.

UCSC researchers develop 3-D display with no ghosting for viewers without glasses
Researchers at UC Santa Cruz have developed a prototype for 3D+2D television that allows viewers with stereo glasses to see three-dimensional images, while viewers without the glasses see a normal two-dimensional image.

Danish study shows most pesticides in foreign fruit and vegetables
Foreign fruit generally has a higher content of pesticides than Danish fruit, and fruit has a higher content of pesticides than vegetables.

Corticosteroid injections may help injured NFL players return to play sooner
Corticosteroid injections may speed-up the return time for National Football League players suffering high ankle sprains, according to research presented today at the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine's Annual Meeting in Chicago, IL.

On the trail of bacteria
Scientists at the University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna are hot on the trail of the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus.

How to build your gate
Decade-old controversy over structure of nuclear pore solved, thanks to new method in which EMBL scientists combine thousands of super-resolution microscopy images to reach a precision below one nanometre.

Alarmingly high substance abuse rates found among street children in low-income countries
Millions of children worldwide live on the streets. A review and analysis of 50 studies on substance abuse by street children in 22 resource-constrained countries has found lifetime substance use to be both common and high, posing serious threats to their health as well as for their chances for reintegration into society.

Young job seekers, check your privacy settings!
Social media websites can be a boon for employers scoping out job applicants, and that's bad news for certain groups of young people, according to a new Northwestern University study.

York Nanocentre researchers image individual atoms in a living catalytic reaction
Groundbreaking new electron microscopy technology developed at the York JEOL Nanocentre at the University of York is allowing researchers to observe and analyse single atoms, small clusters and nanoparticles in dynamic in-situ experiments for the first time.

Damon Runyon, Sohn Conference Foundations name 4 new pediatric cancer research fellows
The Damon Runyon Cancer Research Foundation has named four outstanding young scientists as recipients of the prestigious Damon Runyon-Sohn Pediatric Cancer Research Fellowship Award.

Shoulder surgery may make sense for young patients
Arthroscopic bankart repair surgery is a cost-effective approach for patients suffering their first shoulder dislocation, according to research presented today at the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine's Annual Meeting in Chicago, IL.

High folate gestational and post-weaning diets in Wistar rat offspring
A study in the July issue of the journal Epigenetics suggests that feeding rat pups a high-folate diet can prevent the obesogenic phenotype of mature offspring from rats fed a high-folate diet during pregnancy.

Women who suffered severe sexual trauma as kids benefit most from intervention
HIV-positive women who were sexually abused as children has found that the more severe their past trauma, the greater their improvement in an intervention program designed to ease their psychological suffering.

Geology tracks eruptions, earthquakes, erosion, extinctions & more
Twenty-five new articles have been posted online ahead of print on Geology's website since 28 June.

Sculpting flow
Researchers from UCLA, Iowa State and Princeton reported results in Nature Communications on a new way of sculpting tailor-made fluid flows by placing microscale pillars in microfluidic channels.

Stress fracture risks may be modifiable
Programs to improve movement patterns may help prevent stress fractures in athletes and military personnel, say researchers presenting their work today at the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine's Annual Meeting in Chicago, IL.

Eyes are the prize
Far more people are willing to donate their eyes to research than actually are registered to donate, according to a study led by a Michigan State University student.

Lurie Cancer Center given 'outstanding' rating
The Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center of Northwestern University received its highest rating, an overall

U of T-led study cracks universal RNA code, suggests a new cause for autism
An international team led by University of Toronto scientists Timothy Hughes and Quaid Morris has unraveled most of a code that controls how DNA becomes the proteins that make up cells, a process called gene expression and, in the process, uncovered a possible cause of autism.

Satellite views Chantal's remnants over Bahamas
NOAA's GOES-13 satellite spotted the remnant clouds and showers from former Tropical Storm Chantal lingering over the Bahamas on July 12.

Study finds potential markers for severity of childhood arthritis
Children who suffer from arthritis could one day receive more targeted treatment thanks to potential markers for the severity of the disorder discovered by researchers at the University of Adelaide and Women's and Children's Hospital.

NASA sees Soulik's eye reopen on Taiwan approach
Typhoon Soulik's eyewall appears to have rebuilt as evidenced in NASA satellite imagery. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to