Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 01, 2013
As climate, disease links become clearer, study highlights need to forecast future shifts
Climate change is affecting the spread of infectious diseases worldwide, according to an international team of leading disease ecologists, with serious impacts to human health and biodiversity conservation.

Novel drug shuts down master protein key to lymphoma
Researchers have discovered how an experimental drug is capable of completely eradicating human lymphoma in mice after just five doses.

SAGE and Independent Scientific Committee on Drugs launch new journal Drug Science, Policy and Law
SAGE and the Independent Scientific Committee on Drugs today announced the launch of Drug Science, Policy and Law, an online journal supporting the ICSD's goals of providing accessible information on drugs to the public and professionals.

Geoscientists unearth mineral-making secrets potentially useful for new technologies
Proteins have gotten most of the attention in studies of how organic materials control the initial step of making the first tiny crystals that organisms use to build structures that help them move and protect themselves.

Study finds physicians need to better recognize use of herbal supplements while breastfeeding
In an article published in this month's issue of Pediatrics In Review, researchers from Boston University School of Medicine stress the importance of physicians recognizing that many mothers use herbal supplements while breastfeeding in order to make accurate health assessments for both mother and child.

Promising compound could offer new treatment for heart failure
Heart failure occurs when the heart cannot pump enough blood to meet the body's needs.

An app to lead the blind
A smartphone app that keeps track of your location and distance walked from home or hotel and warns you when you are likely to be caught out after dark has been developed by researchers in Pakistan to help sufferers of the debilitating disease night blindness.

JCI early table of contents for Aug. 1, 2013
This release contains summaries, links to PDFs, and contact information for the following newsworthy papers to be published online, Aug.

Identification of a molecule linking bone loss and bone formation
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Sunao Takeshita and colleagues at the National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology identify a protein, CTHRC1 that is secreted by bone adsorbing cells and helps initiate bone formation.

Speedier scans reveal new distinctions in resting and active brain
A boost in the speed of brain scans is unveiling new insights into how brain regions work with each other in cooperative groups called networks.

Blocking sugar intake may reduce cancer risk or progression in obese and diabetic people
Blocking dietary sugar and its activity in tumor cells may reduce cancer risk and progression, according to researchers from the Icahn School of Medicine.

NASA seeing which way the wind blows
The autonomous and compact High-altitude Imaging Wind and Rain Profiler, or HIWRAP, a dual-frequency conical-scanning Doppler radar, will hang under NASA's aircraft's belly as it flies above hurricanes to measure wind and rain and to test a new method for retrieving wind data.

Temperature alters population dynamics of common plant pests
Temperature-driven changes alter outbreak patterns of tea tortrix -- an insect pest -- and may shed light on how temperature influences whether insects emerge as cohesive cohorts or continuously, according to an international team of researchers.

When galaxies switch off
Some galaxies hit a point in their lives when their star formation is snuffed out, and they become

HudsonAlpha and UAB researchers work to identify optimal treatments for ER+ breast cancer
The most commonly diagnosed form of breast cancer, termed estrogen receptor positive or ER+, accounts for the largest percentage of breast cancer deaths each year.

PET/CT bests gold standard bone marrow biopsy for diagnosis and prognosis of lymphoma patients
A more precise method for determining bone marrow involvement in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma -- a key factor in tailoring patient management plans -- has been identified by researchers in a study published in the August issue of The Journal of Nuclear Medicine.

2 dimensions of value: Dopamine neurons represent reward but not aversiveness
The experiments reported here show that dopamine neurons are sensitive to the value of reward but not punishment (like the aversiveness of a bitter taste).

Nancy Andrews, M.D., Ph.D., and Elaine Jaffe, M.D., honored with 2013 Henry M. Stratton Medal
The American Society of Hematology today announced that it will recognize Nancy Andrews, M.D., Ph.D., dean of Duke University School of Medicine, and Elaine Jaffe, M.D., of the National Cancer Institute at the National Institutes of Health, with the 2013 Henry M.

Catching cancer early by chasing it
Reaching a clinic in time to receive an early diagnosis for cancer -- when the disease is most treatable -- is a global problem.

Genetic background check may explain why mutations produce different results
Two women have the same genetic mutation -- an abnormal BRCA1 gene that puts them both at much higher-than-average risk for breast cancer -- but only one woman develops the disease.

Research hope for bladder cancer
Researchers from Plymouth University in the UK have for the first time identified the mechanism that causes a small, benign polyp to develop into severe invasive bladder cancer.

Bacteria hold the clues to trade-offs in financial investments and evolution
Scientists have found that bacteria have the potential to teach valuable investment lessons.

For lung transplant, researchers surprised to learn bigger appears to be better
Transplant teams have long tried to match the size of donor lungs to the size of the recipient as closely as possible, concerned that lungs of the wrong size could lead to poor lung function and poor outcomes.

NASA sees Hurricane Gil being chased by developing storm
On July 31, NASA's TRMM satellite saw Tropical Storm Gil intensifying and the storm became a hurricane.

Consumers don't understand health insurance, Carnegie Mellon research shows
This fall, as part of the 2010 Affordable Care Act, Americans will have a greater range of health care insurance options to choose from, including, for many, state-based plans.

OU-led research team awarded NASA EPSCoR grant
A University of Oklahoma-led research team has been awarded a $750,000 grant from NASA's Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research to develop a novel, self-sustaining energy storage system to support NASA's flight and terrestrial exploration missions.

When it comes to skin cancer, pictures are worth 1,000 words
Seeing pictures of skin cancer motivates people to regularly check their own moles, according to a new research paper from the School of Public Health and Health Systems at the University of Waterloo.

Nice organisms finish first: Why cooperators always win in the long run
Leading physicists last year turned game theory on its head by giving selfish players a sure bet to beat cooperative players.

Being bullied throughout childhood and teens may lead to more arrests, convictions, prison time
People who were repeatedly bullied throughout childhood and adolescence were significantly more likely to go to prison than individuals who did not suffer repeated bullying, according to a new analysis presented at the American Psychological Association's 121st Annual Convention.

Fatty acids could aid cancer prevention and treatment
Omega-3 fatty acids, contained in oily fish such as salmon and trout, selectively inhibit growth and induce cell death in early and late-stage oral and skin cancers, according to new research from scientists at Queen Mary, University of London.

UC San Diego researchers develop efficient model for generating human iPSCs
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine report a simple, easily reproducible RNA-based method of generating human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) in the Aug.

The 4-point test to predict death risk from C. difficile
A research paper published today, 2nd August 2013, in BMC Infectious Diseases has for the first time identified a unique four-point test using easily measurable clinical variables which can be used to accurately predict the death risk to patients from C. diff.

Genetics: More than merely a mutated gene
If two women have the same genetic mutation that puts them at higher-than-average risk for a disease such as breast cancer, why does only one develop the disease?

The endemic species of remarkable Fulgoromorpha from Iran
Being among the countries with the most miscellaneous wildlife in South West Asia, Iran disposes of a number of endemic species.

Defense against bacterial infection in chronic granulomatous disease
Patients suffering from chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) are prone to recurrent and potentially life threatening bouts of infection due to the inability of phagocytic cells to kill invading microorganisms.

CU-Boulder team develops new water splitting technique that could produce hydrogen fuel
A University of Colorado Boulder team has developed a radically new technique that uses the power of sunlight to efficiently split water into its components of hydrogen and oxygen, paving the way for the broad use of hydrogen as a clean, green fuel.

Ultrasound patch heals venous ulcers in human trial
In a small clinical study, researchers administered a new method for treating chronic wounds using a novel ultrasound applicator that can be worn like a band-aid.

The natural environment and health: Hidden dangers, unlimited opportunities
Cutting-edge research at the intersection of the Earth sciences and health will be showcased at the 5th International Conference on Medical Geology, which is being held along with the 2nd Symposium on Advances in Geospatial Technologies for Health, organized by the International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing Working Group on Health.

Sanford-Burnham researchers map a new metabolic pathway involved in cell growth
Deciphering the body's complex molecular pathways that lead to disease when they malfunction is highly challenging.

A new tool for brain research
Physicists and neuroscientists from The University of Nottingham and University of Birmingham have unlocked one of the mysteries of the human brain, thanks to new research using functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging and electroencephalography.

Feeling left out can lead to risky financial decisions, research finds
People who feel isolated are more inclined to make risker financial decisions for bigger payoffs, according to new research presented at the American Psychological Association's 121st Annual Convention.

Blocking key enzyme in cancer cells could lead to new therapy
Researchers from the University of Illinois at Chicago College of Medicine have identified a characteristic unique to cancer cells in an animal model of cancer -- and they believe it could be exploited as a target to develop new treatment strategies.

Boning up: McMaster researchers find home of best stem cells for bone marrow transplants
McMaster University researchers have revealed the location of human blood stem cells that may improve bone marrow transplants.

New insight into how brain 'learns' cocaine addiction
A team of researchers says it has solved the longstanding puzzle of why a key protein linked to learning is also needed to become addicted to cocaine.

Arctic sea-ice loss has widespread effects on wildlife
How the Arctic wildlife and humans will be affected by the continued melting of Arctic sea ice is explored in a review article in the journal Science, by an international team of scientists.

New analysis sheds light on the links between chemicals in our body and income
A new study published this week has found that the build-up of harmful chemicals in the body is affecting people of all social standings -- not just those from economically deprived backgrounds as previously thought.

Existing cropland could feed 4 billion more
The world's croplands could feed 4 billion more people than they do now just by shifting from producing animal feed and biofuels to producing exclusively food for human consumption, according to new research from the Institute on the Environment at the University of Minnesota.

Scientists discover new type of protein modification, may play role in cancer and diabetes
Scientists at the Scripps Research Institute have discovered a new type of chemical modification that affects numerous proteins within mammalian cells.

American Society of Human Genetics 2013 annual meeting, Oct. 22 to 26, Boston
Invited sessions and platform (oral) presentations are of latest research in human genetics.

Junior doctor changeover likely to drive August reduction in quality and safety of patient care
New research suggests that failure by junior doctors in their annual changeover period to identify deteriorating patients and poor prioritization skills are likely to drive a reduction in the quality and safety of patient care.

Moderate kidney disease costs medicare tens of billions of dollars each year
Medicare spending attributable to moderate stages of chronic kidney disease is likely to exceed $48 billion per year.

UPCI researchers target 'cell sleep' to lower chances of cancer recurrence
By preventing cancer cells from entering a state of cellular sleep, cancer drugs are more effective, and there is a lower chance of cancer recurrence, according to new research from an international research team led by University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute scientists.

A week's worth of camping synchs internal clock to sunrise and sunset, CU-Boulder study finds
Spending just one week exposed only to natural light while camping in the Rocky Mountains was enough to synch the circadian clocks of eight people participating in a University of Colorado Boulder study with the timing of sunrise and sunset.

We each live in our own little world -- smellwise
There are some smells we all find revolting. But toward a handful of odors, different people display different sensitivities.

Vanderbilt studies outline new model for staph bone infections
Vanderbilt microbiologist Eric Skaar, Ph.D., MPH, and colleagues have identified a staph-killing compound that may be an effective treatment for osteomyelitis.

Cool heads likely won't prevail in a hotter, wetter world
Researchers from Princeton University and the University of California-Berkeley report that even slight spikes in temperature and precipitation greatly increase the risk of personal and civil violence, and suggest that more human conflict is a likely outcome of climate change.

Climate change occurring 10 times faster than at any time in past 65 million years
Not only is the planet undergoing one of the largest climate changes in the past 65 million years, Stanford climate scientists report that it's occurring at a rate 10 times faster than any change in that period.

Does the ambulance service need more training in mental health issues?
Ruth Elliot, Senior Lecturer in the department of Mental Health and Learning Disability at the University of Huddersfield, has published an article discussing the need for a national 'Mental Health Pathway' to enable paramedics to provide the appropriate care for people who present mental health issues.

Common genetic ancestors lived during roughly same time period, Stanford scientists find
A study led by the Stanford University School of Medicine indicates the two roughly overlapped during evolutionary time: from between 120,000 to 156,000 years ago for the man, and between 99,000 and 148,000 years ago for the woman.

LSUHSC Dental School awarded $1.8 million for HIV care and education
The LSU Health Sciences Center New Orleans School of Dentistry has been awarded a $1.8 million grant over five years by the Health Resources and Services Administration to support a

An interesting feature of the α-preformation probability was identified by Chinese researchers
Alpha decay is always an important topic in nuclear physics, and the formation of the α-particle is usually supposed to be indispensable in this decay process.

Potential nutritional therapy for childhood neurodegenerative disease
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have identified the gene mutation responsible for a particularly severe form of pontocerebellar hypoplasia, a currently incurable neurodegenerative disease affecting children.

ASTRO applauds new GAO report on physician self-referral abuse
ASTRO Chairman Michael L. Steinberg, M.D., FASTRO, called attention to the Government Accountability Office's striking report released today,

NASA looks at Tropical Storm Jebi in South China Sea
Tropical Storm Jebi developed on July 31 and NASA satellite data on Aug.

Kenneth Kaushansky, M.D., and David J. Kuter, M.D., D.Phil., to present 2013 Ernest Beutler Lecture
The American Society of Hematology will honor Kenneth Kaushansky, MD, of Stony Brook University and David J.

Removing a protein enhances defense against bacteria in CGD mice
Deletion of a protein in white blood cells improves their ability to fight the bacteria staphylococcus aureus and possibly other infections in mice with chronic granulomatous disease (CGD), according to a National Institutes of Health study.

How 'junk DNA' can control cell development
Researchers from the Gene and Stem Cell Therapy Program at Sydney's Centenary Institute have confirmed that, far from being

ATS publishes clinical practice guideline on ILD in infancy
The American Thoracic Society has released new clinical practice guidelines on the classification, evaluation and management of childhood interstitial lung disease in infants.

New designer compound treats heart failure by targeting cell nucleus
Researchers from Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine and the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute have made a fundamental discovery relevant to the understanding and treatment of heart failure -- a leading cause of death worldwide.

Professor Sir David Weatherall, M.D., recieves 2013 Wallace H. Coulter Award
The American Society of Hematology will present the Society's highest honor, the 2013 Wallace H.

Neuroscientists find protein linked to cognitive deficits in Angelman syndrome
A team of neuroscientists has identified a protein in laboratory mice linked to impairments similar to those afflicted with Angelman syndrome -- a condition associated with symptoms that include autism, intellectual disability, and motor abnormalities.

Trouble waking up? Camping could set your clock straight
If you have trouble going to sleep at night and waking up for work or school in the morning, a week of camping in the great outdoors might be just what you need.

Both parents experience highs and lows in sexuality after childbirth
Partners of new mothers often experience shifts in sexuality, and these shifts are often unrelated to biological or medical factors pertaining to childbirth.

Antibiotic resistance among hospital-acquired infections is much greater than prior CDC estimates
Hospital-acquired infections' antibiotic resistance is higher than prior CDC reports, and the FDA's reboot of its antibiotic development rules to combat these infections has fallen short.

Gene Robinson receives Animal Behavior Society award
Gene Robinson, Swanlund Chair of entomology and neuroscience and director of the Institute for Genomic Biology at the University of Illinois, is the recipient of the Animal Behavior Society's 2013 Distinguished Animal Behaviorist award.

Simple ultrasound treatment may help protect the kidneys
Ultrasound treatment can help prevent acute kidney injury in animals.

Fly study finds 2 new drivers of RNA editing
A new study in Nature Communications finds that RNA editing is not only regulated by sequences and structures near the editing sites but also by ones found much farther away.

The American Society of Hematology honors Andrew S. Weyrich, Ph.D., with 2013 William Dameshek Prize
The American Society of Hematology will present the 2013 William Dameshek Prize to Andrew S.

Fetal stress disrupts the way genes are transmitted
Stress might have harmed your health even before you were born.

Climate strongly affects human conflict and violence worldwide, says study
Shifts in climate are strongly linked to human violence around the world, with even relatively minor departures from normal temperature or rainfall substantially increasing the risk of conflict in ancient times or today, according to a new study by researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, and Princeton University.

Dolby licenses Max Planck imaging technology
Dolby Laboratories acquires usage rights to innovative imaging patent portfolio from the Max Planck Institute for Informatics.

Boston Medical Center and BU School of Medicine partner with Jawaharlal Institute to study TB
Boston Medical Center and Boston University School of Medicine are partnering with the Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research to study tuberculosis.

When prescribing antibiotics, doctors most often choose strongest types of drugs
When US physicians prescribe antibiotics, more than 60 percent of the time they choose some of the strongest types of antibiotics, referred to as

'Soft' approach leads to revolutionary energy storage
Monash University researchers have brought next generation energy storage closer with an engineering first -- a graphene-based device that is compact, yet lasts as long as a conventional battery.

Study reveals target for drug development for chronic jaw pain disorder
In a study in mice, researchers at Duke Medicine identified a protein that is critical to temporomandibular joint disorder pain, and could be a promising target for developing treatments for the disorder.

Inflammatory on and off switch identified for allergic asthma and COPD
Japanese researchers have made strides toward understanding runaway inflammation for both COPD and allergic asthma.

Burnt sugar derivative reduces muscle wasting in fly and mouse muscular dystrophy
A trace substance in caramelized sugar, when purified and given in appropriate doses, improves muscle regeneration in an insect and mammal model of Duchenne muscular dystrophy.

UCI-led team develops more accurate model of climate change's effect on soil
Scientists from UC Irvine and the National Center for Atmospheric Research have developed a new computer model to measure global warming's effect on soil worldwide that accounts for how bacteria and fungi in soil control carbon.

Future warming: Issues of magnitude and pace
Researchers reviewed the likelihood of continued changes to the terrestrial climate, including an analysis of a collection of 27 climate models.

Sounding rocket to study active regions on the sun
At NASA's White Sands Test Facility in Las Cruces, N.M., a sounding rocket is being readied for flight.

Bigger lungs may be better for transplants
A University of Iowa study has found that bigger lungs appear to improve the survival for patients receiving double-lung transplants.

Why shopaholics overspend? Poor credit management, buying to boost mood, study says
Why do shopping addicts keep spending even in the face of harmful financial, emotional and social consequences?

Aerial pictures reveal climate change
As a result of climate change, certain undesirable aquatic plants are starting to invade German water bodies.

'Perfect' food for 'perfect' prawns
Australian researchers have developed a food additive for farmed prawns that will mean prawn lovers will have access to more sustainable prawns that still taste great.

Targeted therapy identified for protein that protects and nourishes cancer
UT MD Anderson scientists identify the first targeted therapy to block Skp2, which suppresses a cellular defense against cancer and activates glycolysis to feed tumors.

Threat of arrest and punishment may not deter illegal immigration
Neither the threat of arrest nor punishment may significantly deter Mexicans from trying to enter the United States illegally, according to a new study.

Extreme wildfires likely fueled by climate change
Climate change is likely fueling the larger and more destructive wildfires that are scorching vast areas of the American West, according to new research led by Michigan State University scientists.

New target for the fight against cancer as a result of excessive blood vessel formation
New blood vessel formation (angiogenesis) stimulates the growth of cancer and other diseases.

Las Cumbres Observatory 'Sinistro' astronomy imager captures first light
The Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope has captured its first on-sky images with the production Sinistro CCD camera.

Stray prenatal gene network suspected in schizophrenia
Researchers have reverse-engineered the outlines of a disrupted prenatal gene network in schizophrenia, by tracing spontaneous mutations to where and when they likely cause damage in the brain.

Prolactin reduces arthritis inflammation
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Carmen Clapp and colleagues at the National University of Mexico identify prolactin as a potential treatment for inflammatory joint disease.

Scientists discover a molecular 'switch' in cancers of the testis and ovary
Cambridge scientists have identified an 'on/off' switch in a type of cancer which typically occurs in the testes and ovaries called 'malignant germ cell tumors'.

Study highlights possible new approach to prostate cancer treatment
A study in the Journal of Biological Chemistry identifies a new therapeutic approach to treat prostate cancer.

'Evolution will punish you if you're selfish and mean'
Two Michigan State University evolutionary biologists offer new evidence that evolution doesn't favor the selfish, disproving a theory popularized in 2012.

The when and where of the Y: Research on Y chromosomes finds new clues about human ancestry
Using advanced analysis of DNA from Y chromosomes from men all over the world, scientists have shed new light on the mystery of when and how a few early human ancestors started to give rise to the incredible diversity of today's population.

A roadblock to personalized cancer care?
Leading experts in cancer treatment and research, including university researchers, industry and insurance providers, have published a paper urging more focus and attention on the field of research that involves identifying genetic and molecular markers that help guide cancer treatment.

Disaster Readiness Center joins Earth Institute
The National Center for Disaster Preparedness, a research, policy and education institution that has worked for the past decade across the United States to strengthen responses to extreme weather, terrorism and other threats, has joined Columbia University's Earth Institute.

Novel 3-D simulation technology helps surgical residents train more effectively
A novel interactive 3-dimensional simulation platform offers surgical residents a unique opportunity to hone their diagnostic and patient management skills, and then have those skills accurately evaluated according to a new study appearing in the Aug. issue of the Journal of the American College of Surgeons.

Re-learning how to see
A discovery by a University of Maryland-led research team offers hope for treating

Small protein plays big role in asthma severity
A new culprit has been identified that likely plays a big role in the severity of asthma--a small protein chemokine called CCL26.

Modeling of congenital amegakaryocytic thrombocytopenia using iPS cell technology
Researchers has conducted a study in which iPS cells generated from a patient with congenital amegakaryocytic thrombocytopenia were induced to differentiate into blood cells in vitro and then used to undertake a detailed study of the differences between these and cells from healthy subjects.

Children with elevated blood pressure don't get recommended follow-up, few at risk for hypertension
Children who have a first elevated blood pressure at the doctor's office are not likely to receive the recommended follow-up blood pressure readings within a month, according to a study published today in Pediatrics.

Barrier reef corals deliver world first for sunscreen
CSIRO, in partnership with skincare company Larissa Bright Australia, has created the world's first UVA/UVB sunscreen filters which mimic the natural sun protection used by corals on the Great Barrier Reef.

UC Riverside scientist elected fellow of Entomological Society of America
For his outstanding contributions to entomology, Jocelyn Millar, a professor of entomology at UC Riverside, has been elected a fellow of the Entomological Society of America (ESA).

Climate science boost with tropical aerosols profile
The seasonal influence of aerosols on Australia's tropical climate can now be included in climate models following completion of the first long-term study of fine smoke particles generated by burning of the savanna open woodland and grassland.

The rise of deadly insect sting allergies: Is there a cure?
According to a report released today in the August issue of Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology, the scientific journal of the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology, insect sting allergy is increasing, affecting five percent of the population.

Scientists find long-sought method to efficiently make complex anticancer compound
Scientists at the Scripps Research Institute have achieved the first efficient chemical synthesis of ingenol, a highly complex, plant-derived compound of interest to drug developers for its anticancer potential.

August 2013 story tips from Oak Ridge National Laboratory
The following are story ideas from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory for August 2013.

UT Austin research will help cities rebuild after earthquakes
The Cockrell School of Engineering at The University of Texas at Austin is helping New Zealand rebuild on earthquake-prone land.

Light that moves and molds gels
Researchers at the University of Pittsburgh have demonstrated a biomimetic response using hydrogels -- a material that constitutes most contact lenses and microfluidic or fluid-controlled technologies.

Scientists uncover secrets of starfish's bizarre feeding mechanism
Scientists have identified a molecule that enables starfish to carry out one of the most remarkable forms of feeding in the natural world.

Katherine A. High, M.D., to present 2013 American Society of Hematology E. Donnall Thomas Lecture
The American Society of Hematology will honor Katherine A. High, M.D., of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute and The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia with the 2013 E.

Advance in regenerative medicine could make reprogrammed cells safer while improving their function
The enormous promise of regenerative medicine is matched by equally enormous challenges. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to