Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 02, 2013
Chinese CDC and Aeras sign agreement to collaborate on TB vaccine R&D
The Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention and Aeras today signed a memorandum of understanding to advance research and development of new tuberculosis vaccines.

Bio-inspired design may lead to more energy efficient windows
University of Toronto Engineering professor Ben Hatton is turning to nature to find a way to cut down on the energy leaks from windows.

Cobalt replacements make solar cells more sustainable
Researchers at the University of Basel have successfully replaced the rare element iodine in copper-based dye-sensitized solar cells by the more abundant element cobalt, taking a step forward in the development of environmentally friendly energy production.

Why can't the snakes cross the road, secret lives of baby snakes and other questions
Researchers in the Laboratory of Pinelands Research at Drexel University are conducting some of the first ever scientific studies of neonate pine snakes, performing snake surgery for radio tracking and helping snakes survive road crossings through the busy New Jersey shore traffic.

NASA sees a very active tropical Eastern Pacific Ocean
The Eastern Pacific Ocean has kicked into high gear on Aug.

New drugs to find the right target to fight Alzheimer's disease
The future is looking good for drugs designed to combat Alzheimer's disease.

Grape consumption associated with healthier eating patterns in US children and adults
In a new observational study published in the Journal of Food Science, researchers looked at the association of grape consumption, in the non-alcoholic forms most commonly consumed -- fresh grapes, raisins and 100 percent grape juice -- with the diet quality of a recent, nationally representative sample of US children and adults.

Why is orange the new black for female victims of trauma?
How do pathways to jail vary for females who are victims of specific types of trauma?

Baby owls sleep like baby humans
Owlets spend more time in REM sleep than adult owls.

International research team discovers new mineral
University of California, Riverside geologists have discovered a new mineral, cubic boron nitride, which they have named

Mount Sinai researchers develop first successful laboratory model for studying hepatitis C
By differentiating monkey stem cells into liver cells and inducing successful infection, researchers from the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai have shown for the first time that the hepatitis C virus can replicate in monkeys, according to research published in the journal Gastroenterology.

BUSM professor honored with lifetime achievement award for work on PTSD
Terence M. Keane, Ph.D., professor of psychiatry and assistant dean for research at Boston University School of Medicine, will receive the Distinguished Scientific Contributions to Clinical Psychology Award from the American Psychological Association.

Smoking abstinence research receives major financial boost
Warren Bickel, an internationally recognized addiction expert at the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute, recently received a $3.2-million grant from the National Institute on Drug Abuse for research on improving self-control in smokers seeking to quit cigarettes.

Helping horses come to term
It is not only humans that sometimes experience difficulty having children.

Vandetanib in thyroid cancer: Added benefit not proven
Due to the uncertain data it is unclear whether vandetanib has an advantage for adults with a certain form of aggressive thyroid cancer.

A crystal of a different color
PNNL chemists have unexpectedly made two differently colored crystals -- one orange, one blue -- from one chemical in the same flask while studying a special kind of molecular connection called an agostic bond.

Injuries from teen fighting deal a blow to IQ
A new Florida State University study has found that adolescent boys who are hurt in just two physical fights suffer a loss in IQ that is roughly equivalent to missing an entire year of school.

BUSM psychiatrist/psychologist receives lifetime achievement award from the APA
Patricia Resick, Ph.D., A.B.P.P., professor of psychiatry and psychology at Boston University School of Medicine, received the American Psychological Association's Division of Trauma Psychology Award for Lifetime Achievement in the field of Trauma Psychology in Honolulu on Aug.

Montana State University researchers highlight bears' use of Banff highway crossings
A three-year study conducted by Montana State University researchers found that close to 20 percent of the bears in Banff National Park used wildlife crossing structures along the Trans-Canada Highway.

A new book considers the interaction between public spaces and drug use
Dr. Stephen Parkin, a Research Fellow in Human and Health Sciences at the University of Huddersfield, has published a book focusing on how public spaces affect more harmful episodes of injecting drug use.

Video games boost visual attention but reduce impulse control
A person playing a first-person shooter video game like Halo or Unreal Tournament must make decisions quickly.

New IOM report lays out plan to determine effectiveness of obesity prevention efforts
The United States lags behind other international plans to evaluate obesity prevention efforts, and the country needs to know whether these efforts are having their intended impact, says a new report from the Institute of Medicine.

Apixaban in atrial fibrillation: Indications of considerable added benefit
Certain patients with atrial fibrillation can benefit from the new drug apixaban.

Decoding material fluxes in the tropical ocean
For the first time, oceanographers at GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel were able to make quantitative statements regarding this question.

St. Jude creates $5.5 million endowment for cancer research to be held by the hospital CEO
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital has earmarked $5.5 million for the creation of the Donald Pinkel Endowed Chair of Pediatric Cancer Treatment, which has been granted by the ALSAC and St.

Wired for change
A study of gene expression led by scientists at the EMBL-European Bioinformatics Institute and the University of Cambridge has revealed the first steps of evolution in gene regulation in mice.

New coating turns ordinary glass into super glass
A new transparent, bioinspired coating makes ordinary glass tough, self-cleaning and incredibly slippery.

Japanese vehicle delivers new hardware for NASA's Robotic Refueling Mission
It may be called the Robotic Refueling Mission, but NASA's RRM was built to demonstrate much more than the clever ways space robots can fill up satellites.

NYU-Poly student awarded grant to trace surface water flow
The American Geophysical Union Hydrology Section awarded a Horton Research Grant for a new method of monitoring surface water flows using fluorescent particle-based tracers and remote digital acquisition devices for flow visualization.

A novel motion tracking system assesses functional rehabilitation of the upper limbs
Upper limb function impairment is one of the most common sequelae of central nervous system injury.

Revised location of 1906 rupture of San Andreas Fault in Portola Valley
New evidence suggests the 1906 earthquake ruptured the San Andreas Fault in a single trace through Portola Village, current day Town of Portola Valley, and indicates a revised location for the fault trace.

Researchers create 'soft robotic' devices using water-based gels
Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed a new technique for creating devices out of a water-based hydrogel material that can be patterned, folded and used to manipulate objects.

Added benefit of lixisenatide is not proven
No added benefit of the antidiabetic lixisenatide in comparison with current standard therapy can be derived from the dossier because the drug manufacturer did not present any suitable data.

How to stop bleeding in the ER caused by warfarin
Prothrombin complex concentrates (PCCs) are faster and more effective than fresh frozen plasma at reversing hemorrhage caused by the anti-coagulant warfarin, despite plasma being the most commonly used therapy.

Often misidentified, multiracial people value accurate perceptions
Multiracial people may be misidentified more often as being white than black and may value being accurately identified more so than single-race individuals, according to research presented at APA's 121st Annual Convention.

Take your child's word for it on asthma, study finds
Children need to be given the chance to speak about their asthma during visits to the doctor's office, a new study by UT Kids San Antonio shows.

Waterloo hosts international conference on future of quantum cryptography
Researchers and students from around the globe gather this week at the University of Waterloo's Institute for Quantum Computing to discuss progress in the field of quantum cryptography.

New findings could help improve development of drugs for addiction
Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have described findings that could enable the development of more effective drugs for addiction with fewer side effects.

Largest neuronal network simulation to date achieved using Japanese supercomputer
By exploiting the full computational power of the Japanese supercomputer, K Computer, researchers from the RIKEN HPCI Program for Computational Life Sciences, the Okinawa Institute of Technology in Japan and Forschungszentrum J├╝lich in Germany have carried out the largest general neuronal network simulation to date.

Pollutants from incense smoke cause human lung-cell inflammation
Burning incense, a popular cultural practice in Arabian Gulf countries and elsewhere, generates indoor air pollutants that may cause inflammation in human lung cells, say researchers in the Gillings School of Global Public Health at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

How does ethanol induce nerve cell apoptosis?
Previous studies have demonstrated that ethanol influences the secretion of neurotrophins, promotes oxidative stress, reduces the absorption of nutritive substances, and thereby induces neuronal damage.

Children's Tumor Foundation award for Plymouth researcher
Dr. Lu Zhou, a member of a team of researchers at Plymouth University Peninsula Schools of Medicine and Dentistry whose area of expertise is tumors of the brain and nervous system, has been awarded a Young Investigator's Award by the Children's Tumor Foundation.

Ischemic stroke susceptibility gene in a Northern Han Chinese population
The frequency distribution of genetic polymorphisms varies among different populations, races, and living environments.

New findings could influence the development of therapies to treat dengue disease
New research into the fight against Dengue, an insect-borne tropical disease that infects up to 390 million people worldwide annually, may influence the development of anti-viral therapies that are effective against all four types of the virus.
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