Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 16, 2013
Middle-aged men, women not equal in heart attack risk
High cholesterol levels are much more risky for middle-aged men than middle-aged women when it comes to having a first heart attack, a new study of more than 40,000 Norwegian men and women has shown.

Autistic kids who best peers at math show different brain organization, Stanford/Packard study shows
hildren with autism and average IQs consistently demonstrated superior math skills compared with nonautistic children in the same IQ range, according to a study by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine and Lucile Packard Children's Hospital.

Female frogs prefer males who can multitask
In a study of gray tree frogs, a team of University of Minnesota researchers discovered that females prefer males whose calls reflect the ability to multitask effectively.

New flow battery could enable cheaper, more efficient energy storage
MIT researchers have engineered a new rechargeable flow battery that doesn't rely on expensive membranes to generate and store electricity.

Calving sand dunes, stress fields in Southern California, and Devonian black shale
New Geology postings discuss a vanished link between Antarctica and Australia; the West Salton Detachment fault in California, USA; chemical interaction between peridotite and intruding melts in the Northern Apennines, Italy; calving barchan dunes; the nature of black shale in the Late Devonian Appalachian Basin; the Aug.

Nanosensors could aid drug manufacturing
MIT chemical engineers have discovered that arrays of billions of nanoscale sensors have unique properties that could help pharmaceutical companies produce drugs -- especially those based on antibodies -- more safely and efficiently.

Fires in eastern Russia -- Urals and Siberia
The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer on NASA's Aqua satellite detected dozens of fires burning in eastern Russia in this satellite image captured on August 15, 2013.

Google, Intel founders support undersea research by UMass Amherst microbiologist
Holden says,

MARC travel awards announced 2013 American Society for Bone and Mineral Research annual meeting
FASEB MARC Program has announced the travel award recipients for the 2013 American Society for Bone and Mineral Research annual meeting in Baltimore, MD from Oct.

MARC travel awards announced for the 2013 Biomedical Engineering Society annual meeting
FASEB MARC Program has announced the travel award recipients for the 2013 Biomedical Engineering Society annual meeting in Seattle, WA from Sept.

Drug dosing for older heart patients should differ
Older heart patients present unique challenges for determining the optimal dosages of medications, so a new study from researchers at Duke Medicine offers some rare clarity about the use of drugs that are used to treat patients with heart attacks.

NTU to trial Singapore's first driverless vehicle on the roads
Singapore's first clean and green driverless shuttle transportation system will soon see passengers shuttling between Nanyang Technological University and JTC Corporation's CleanTech Park.

BIDMC cardiovascular institute researchers will lead $4 million NIH grant to study micrornas
A cardiovascular research team led by investigators at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center has been awarded a $4 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to identify microRNA biomarkers to help predict which patients will develop complications following a heart attack.

Advances in temporal forensic investigations
The University of Huddersfield is hosting a two-day, multi-disciplined conference which brings together an array of experts from a wide range of scientific disciplines, as well as from different criminal justice agencies (including police) with the aim of demonstrating the latest developments in the field of forensic and related sciences.

University of East Anglia research shows how females choose the 'right' sperm
University of East Anglia scientists have revealed how females select the 'right' sperm to fertilize their eggs when faced with the risk of being fertilized by wrong sperm from a different species.

Chemotherapy before radiotherapy for testicular cancer could reduce long-term side-effects
Giving men with testicular cancer a single dose of chemotherapy alongside radiotherapy could improve the effectiveness of treatment and reduce the risk of long-term side-effects, a new study reports.

Psoriasis researcher earns third NIH Grant in 1 year
Dermatology researcher Nicole Ward, PhD, has earned her third National Institutes of Health grant in a year -- including two that scored in the first percentile.

Soft drinks and behavioral problems in young children
Americans buy more soft drinks per capita than people in any other country.

Effects of Parkinson's-disease mutation reversed in cells
UC San Francisco scientists working in the lab used a chemical found in an anti-wrinkle cream to prevent the death of nerve cells damaged by mutations that cause an inherited form of Parkinson's disease.

Erin weakens to a tropical depression over eastern Atlantic
Tropical Storm Erin ran into cooler waters and dry, stable air over the Eastern Atlantic that sapped its strength and weakening the storm to depression status.

WA Government invests $26M in astronomy and the Square Kilometre Array
The International Centre for Radio Astronomy Research (ICRAR), based in Perth, Western Australia has been extended for another five years thanks to a $26M investment announced by WA Premier Colin Barnett today.

Soft drink consumption linked to behavioral problems in young children
Americans buy more soft drinks per capita than people in any other country.

Agricultural fires in Mozambique and Malawi
The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer on NASA's Aqua satellite detected dozens of fires burning in southeastern Africa in mostly Mozambique and Malawi.

NASA sees Tropical Storm Pewa develop in central Pacific
NASA's Aqua satellite passed over two developing low pressure areas in the Central Pacific Ocean, just before one of them strengthened into Tropical Storm Pewa.

JPIDS explores trends in perinatally infected HIV patients now approaching adulthood
The advent of antiretroviral therapy (ART) has transformed HIV from a death sentence into a chronic disease.

How DNA repair helps prevent cancer
DNA damage is a natural biological occurrence that happens every time cells divide and multiply; thus, DNA repair is important for preserving the composition of the genome.

'Reprogrammed' treatment-resistant lymphomas respond to cancer drugs
A phase I clinical trial showed diffuse, large B-cell lymphomas resistant to chemotherapy can be reprogrammed to respond to treatment using the drug azacitidine, according to a study published in Cancer Discovery, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research.
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