Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 19, 2013
Physician continuity after patients leave hospital for heart failure can help survival rates
Patients with heart failure who see a physician in the first month after leaving hospital are more likely to survive than those who do not see a doctor, reports a new study in Canadian Medical Association Journal.

Earliest known iron artifacts come from outer space
Researchers have shown that ancient Egyptian iron beads held at the UCL Petrie Museum were hammered from pieces of meteorites, rather than iron ore.

Child health concerns vary among different races, ethnicities
Adults across the US rate childhood obesity as the top health concern for children in 2013, but priorities vary based on racial and ethnic backgrounds.

Large moths need to hear better
The larger the moth, the better hearing senses it needs if it wants to avoid its worst enemy, the bat.

Fighting obesity with apps and websites
A pending component of health care reform would require restaurants and vending machines to list calorie information on menus to help fight obesity.

NASA accepts third generation TDRS into network
NASA has accepted ownership of its newest Tracking and Data Relay Satellite (TDRS) from Boeing after successfully completing in orbit testing.

Microbial team turns corn stalks and leaves into better biofuel
A fungus and E. coli bacteria have joined forces to turn tough, waste plant material into isobutanol, a biofuel that matches gasoline's properties better than ethanol.

New risk score predicts 10-year dementia risk for type 2 diabetes patients
Researchers at Kaiser Permanente and the University Medical Centre Utrecht in the Netherlands have created the first risk score that predicts the 10-year individualized dementia risk for patients with type 2 diabetes, as reported in the inaugural issue of Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology.

Copper identified as culprit in Alzheimer's disease
Copper appears to be one of the main environmental factors that trigger the onset and enhance the progression of Alzheimer's disease by preventing the clearance and accelerating the accumulation of toxic proteins in the brain.

3-D images show flame retardants can mimic estrogens in NIH study
By determining the three-dimensional structure of proteins at the atomic level, researchers at the National Institutes of Health have discovered how some commonly used flame retardants, called brominated flame retardants (BFRs), can mimic estrogen hormones and possibly disrupt the body's endocrine system.

Experts describe ways to eliminate wasteful medical tests and procedures
Medical organizations are participating in a campaign to help clinicians and patients avoid wasteful and sometimes harmful medical interventions.

Global sea level rise dampened by Australia floods
When enough raindrops fall over land instead of the ocean, they begin to add up.

SDSC launches 'Sherlock' to solve complex national challenges
The San Diego Supercomputer Center at the University of California, San Diego, along with small business partners SD Technology and Chickasaw Nation Industries, have brought together their extensive portfolio of information technology services for healthcare and government under the

NASA sees Tropical Storm Unala develop and weaken quickly
NASA's Aqua satellite has been busy capturing temperature data from developing tropical cyclones around the world.

Wildfires persist in California
Several fires are currently raging in central and northern California.

Newly discovered ocean plume could be major source of iron
Scientists have discovered a vast plume of iron and other micronutrients more than 1,000 km long billowing from hydrothermal vents in the South Atlantic Ocean.

Tumor measurements predict survival in advanced non-small cell lung cancer
For the two-thirds of lung cancer patients with locally advanced or metastatic disease, tumor size is not used currently to predict overall survival times.

How shale fracking led to an Ohio town's first 100 earthquakes
Since records began in 1776, the people of Youngstown, Ohio had never experienced an earthquake.

Study finds cost of future flood losses in major coastal cities could be over $50 billion by 2050
Climate change combined with rapid population increases, economic growth and land subsidence could lead to a more than nine-fold increase in the global risk of floods in large port cities between now and 2050.

Handaxe design reveals distinct Neanderthal cultures
A study by a postgraduate researcher at the University of Southampton has found that Neanderthals were more culturally complex than previously acknowledged.

Sea levels, Kea vs. Loa volcanoes, Sierra Nevada faulting, and carbonado diamond features
Six new Gesophere articles, posted online on Aug. 14, 2013, offer insight into a variety of geologic problems, from the minute to the massive.

Spinal fluid biomarkers of AD and brain functional network integrity on imaging studies
Both Aß and tau pathology appear to be associated with default mode network integrity before clinical onset of Alzheimer disease, according to a study by Liang Wang, M.D., and colleagues at Washington University in St.

Cancer surgery patients have more complications, but less likely to die
While more patients in the U.S. are suffering from complications such as blood clots and infections after major cancer surgery, fewer are dying from their operations.

New scoring system allows clinicians to predict dementia risk in older people with type 2 diabetes
Researchers have developed a simple scoring system, based on a patient's age, health issues, and education, which accurately predicts the risk of dementia in people aged over 60 with type 2 diabetes.

Giving preschoolers choice increases sharing behavior
Allowing children to make a choice to sacrifice their own toys in order to share with someone else makes them more likely to share in the future, according to new research published in Psychological Science.

UCSB anthropologists study the genesis of reciprocity in food sharing
When you share your lunch with someone less fortunate or give your friend half of your dessert, does that act of generosity flow from the milk of human kindness, or is it a subconscious strategy to assure reciprocity should you one day find yourself on the other side of the empty plate?

The How-to Parenting Program improves the mental health of children
While children of all ages will be heading back to school in a few days, a new study from the Université de Montréal may encourage their parents to return to the classroom themselves... at least for a few evenings!

'Resolving Misconceptions about the Orient'
More than 1,000 Oriental scholars from home and abroad are expected to participate in the largest German Oriental Studies Conference (Deutscher Orientalistentag, DOT), which will be held in mid-September at the University of Münster.

UNH research: Post-run ice baths not beneficial for strength, soreness
In a study published in the European Journal of Applied Physiology, University of New Hampshire researchers report that research subjects who engaged in post-exercise cryotheraphy, or ice baths, showed no mitigation of post-exercise strength loss or decreased soreness compared to a control group.

LSD and other psychedelics not linked with mental health problems
The use of LSD, magic mushrooms, or peyote does not increase a person's risk of developing mental health problems, according to a new analysis by researchers from the Norwegian University of Science and Technology.

Droplet Digital™ PCR provides accurate quantification of next-generation sequencing libraries
Researchers have determined how to increase the efficiency and throughput of next generation sequencing by using digital PCR to accurately quantify the libraries.

Research letter examines prevalence of indoor tanning use among non-Hispanic white females in US
Indoor tanning appears to be common among non-Hispanic white female high school students and adults ages 18 to 34 years, according to a research letter by Gery P.

Brain network decay detected in early Alzheimer's
In patients with early Alzheimer's disease, disruptions in brain networks emerge about the same time as chemical markers of the disease appear in the spinal fluid, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

A home for the microbiome
The human body is full of tiny microorganisms -- hundreds to thousands of species of bacteria collectively called the microbiome, which are believed to contribute to a healthy existence.

Altruism or manipulated helping? Altruism may have origins in manipulation
Manipulation is often thought of as morally repugnant, but it might be responsible for the evolutionary origins of some helpful or altruistic behavior, according to a new study.

Quadcopter piloted by a smartphone
Usually, quadcopters are steered by humans, or they rely on the computing power of an external computer which stays on the ground.

New research reveals long-term benefits of emergency safe spaces for children
Spaces built to keep children safe after an emergency or conflict can also help them recover from trauma, new Columbia University and World Vision research shows.

RI-CART receives $1.2 million grant to create statewide autism registry and network
The Rhode Island Consortium for Autism Research and Treatment (RI-CART), a group of the state's leading experts on autism research, education, health and services, has received a $1.2 million grant to create a first-of-its-kind confidential registry of every individual diagnosed with autism in Rhode Island.

Wayne State receives National Science Foundation grant for training future nanoengineers
Researchers at Wayne State University received a $200,000 grant from the National Science Foundation to develop an undergraduate certificate program to train the next generation of nanoengineers.

Therapeutic eye injections may be needed less often
Biomedical engineers have created a new drug-delivery strategy for a type of central vision loss caused by blood vessel growth at the back of the eye, where such growth should not occur.

NASA satellite sees Pewa become a typhoon
NASA's Aqua satellite passed over the tropical cyclone known as Pewa after it strengthened into a typhoon in the northwestern Pacific Ocean.

NASA sees Tropical Storm Trami U-turning
Tropical Storm Trami appears to be a very large storm in infrared data from NASA's Aqua satellite.

Coffee and tea may contribute to a healthy liver
An international team of researchers led by Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School and the Duke University School of Medicine suggest that increased caffeine intake may reduce fatty liver in people with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

New book explores evolution of human reproduction
Human beings would probably be known as pilosals rather than mammals if Carl Linnaeus had not been a proponent of breast-feeding.

High BPA levels in children associated with higher risk of obesity and abnormal waist circumference
Children who have higher levels of Bisphenol A, a chemical previously used in many products for kids, like baby bottle and plastic toys, had a higher odds of obesity and adverse levels of body fat, according to a new study from University of Michigan researchers.

Tel Aviv University archaeologists find massive fortifications from the Iron Age
A team of Tel Aviv University archaeologists has discovered the remains of massive ancient fortifications built around an Iron Age Assyrian harbor in present-day Israel.

Prestigious fellowship award for Strathclyde mathematician
A Mathematics professor at the University of Strathclyde has received a prestigious fellowship award which will enable him to investigate beneficial uses of information from social media.

Native Californians followed the greenery
California's rich diversity of Native American ethnic-and-language groups took shape during the past 12,000 years as migrating tribes settled first on the lush Pacific coast and then in progressively drier, less-vegetated habitats, says a new University of Utah study.

The concussed brain at work: fMRI study documents brain activation during concussion recovery
For the first time, researchers have documented irregular brain activity within the first 24 hours of a concussive injury, as well as an increased level of brain activity weeks later -- suggesting that the brain may compensate for the injury during the recovery time.

Too-low diastolic blood pressure can be deadly for CKD patients
Below is information about articles being published in the August 20 issue of Annals of Internal Medicine.

Marathon bombing victims aided by rapid response, imaging of injuries
The Boston Marathon bombing brought international attention back to the devastating effects of terrorism.

NASA scientists relate urban population to air pollution
Live in a large city like New York, London, Beijing or Mumbai, and you are likely exposed to more air pollution than people in smaller cities in surrounding areas.

NEETs are prime suspects in breast cancer proliferation
Two proteins have been identified as prime suspects in the proliferation of breast cancer in a study by researchers from Rice University, the University of North Texas, Denton; the University of California, San Diego; and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

New models advance the study of deadly human prion diseases
By directly altering the gene coding for the prion protein, Whitehead Institute researchers have created mouse models of two neurodegenerative prion diseases, each of which manifests in different regions of the brain.

An organized approach to 3-D tissue engineering
Researchers at the Institute of Bioengineering and Nanotechnology have developed a simple method of organizing cells and their microenvironments in hydrogel fibers.

Fires sweep through Madeira
Fires have been burning out of control on the Portuguese island of Madeira.

Molten magma can survive in upper crust for hundreds of millennia
Reservoirs of silica-rich magma -- the kind that causes the most explosive volcanic eruptions -- can persist in Earth's upper crust for hundreds of thousands of years without triggering an eruption, according to new University of Washington research.

Important step forward for gait analysis of horses
New research makes it possible to use sensors to accurately measure a horse's movements providing veterinarians a number of new possibilities.

Recurrence risk for autism spectrum disorders examined for full, half siblings
A Danish study of siblings suggests the recurrence risks for autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) varied from 4.5 percent to 10.5 percent depending on the birth years, which is higher than the ASD risk of 1.18 percent in the overall Danish population, according to a study published by JAMA Pediatrics, a JAMA Network publication.

Novel Chinese herbal medicine JSK improves spinal cord injury outcomes in rats
A new study published in Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience demonstrates that Chinese herbal medicine Ji-Sui-Kang (JSK), given systemically for three weeks after injury in rats, improved locomotor function, reduced tissue damage, and preserved the structure of neural cells compared to control rats.

Far from being harmless, the effects of bullying last long into adulthood
A new study published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science, shows that serious illness, struggling to hold down a regular job, and poor social relationships are just some of the adverse outcomes in adulthood faced by those exposed to bullying in childhood.

NASA catches short-lived northwestern Pacific Ocean Tropical Depression 13W
The thirteenth Tropical Depression of the Northwestern Pacific Ocean season didn't last long.

Brain cancer survival improved following FDA approval of bevacizumab, Mayo study finds
A new population-based study has found that patients with glioblastoma who died in 2010, after the Food and Drug Administration approval of bevacizumab, had lived significantly longer than patients who died of the disease in 2008, prior to the conditional approval of the drug for the treatment of the deadly brain cancer.

UCSB report outlines how network technology must increase efficiency to meet rising energy demands
The Institute for Energy Efficiency at UC Santa Barbara convened industry leaders at a technology roundtable to identify the needed technological and architectural advancements in transmission, switching, and routing to develop next-generation energy efficient core networks.

Tick by tick
How do you safely work with ticks in a biosafety level four

US depression treatment proved effective for UK
Collaborative care involves depressed people having access to a team of specialists, with advice and support often given over the phone.

Divers willingness to pay for biodiversity could help conservation efforts -- Ben-Gurion U. study
According to the study published in the ICES Journal of Marine Science, divers were willing to pay to improve the reef's attributes and were able to differentiate and rank their preferences of biodiversity, numbers of fish and corals, coral species richness, fish species richness, coral size, coral abundance, and fish abundance.

Fires plaguing Idaho
Fires continue to ignite parts of the West. In this image, fires in Idaho and Wyoming can be seen.

High-flying pilots at increased risk of brain lesions
A new study suggests that pilots who fly at high altitudes may be at an increased risk for brain lesions. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to