Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 23, 2013
Architecture of chromosomes: A key for success or failure
In a pioneer study published in the latest issue of the scientific journal Nature Communications, a research team at the Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciência (IGC; Portugal), led by Miguel Godinho Ferreira in collaboration with Isabel Gordo, show for the first time that chromosomes rearrangements (such as inversions or translocations) can provide advantages to the cells that harbor them depending on the environment they are exposed.

NASA's HS3 mission analyzes Saharan dust layer over Eastern Atlantic
One of two of NASA's Global Hawk unmanned aircraft flew over the remnants of Tropical Storm Erin and investigated the Saharan Air Layer in the Eastern Atlantic Ocean on Aug.

Nice genes! What makes you genetically compatible with your partner?
A University of Manchester professor and his wife have had their own DNA analyzed for compatibility as part of the research for a new book out on 1 October in the US and next week in the UK.

Rim Fire in California
The Rim Fire began in California on Aug. 17, 2013.

New technique to help brain cancer patients
A new scanning technique developed by Danish and US researchers reveals how susceptible patients with aggressive brain cancer are to the drugs they receive.

Gut taste mechanisms are abnormal in diabetes sufferers
Researchers at the University of Adelaide have discovered that the way the gut

Unprecedented control of genome editing in flies promises insight into human development, disease
In an era of widespread genetic sequencing, the ability to edit and alter an organism's DNA is a powerful way to explore the information within and how it guides biological function.

Refrigerated trucks to keep their cool thanks to fuel cell technology
Grocery merchants in Texas, California and New York will soon have ice cream, frozen foods and fresh produce delivered by tractor trailers whose refrigeration units are powered by fuel cells, a clean technology that makes energy silently and with dramatically reduced emissions.

BT-R3 mediates killing of the malaria vector Anopheles gambiae by Bacillus thuringiensis
The cadherin receptor, BT-R3, of Anopheles gambiae reported in this study mediates the killing action of the Cry4B mosquitocidal toxin, which was published in the 2013 April issue of Experimental Biology and Medicine.

NASA infrared imagery indicates Pewa weakened
Cloud top temperatures warmed up on NASA infrared imagery, indicating that the uplift in Tropical Storm Pewa was waning.

Biphasic electrical stimulation: A strategy may bring hope to spinal cord injury patients
Transplantation stem cells is a potential clinical therapy for repair of spinal cord injury.

Can we save our urban water systems?
Existing urban water systems are at the end of their design lifetimes.

NASA measures moderate rainfall in newborn Tropical Storm Ivo
The ninth tropical depression of the Eastern Pacific Ocean hurricane season strengthened into Tropical Storm Ivo on Aug.

Out of Africa? New bamboo genera, mountain gorillas, and the origins of China's bamboos
African mountain bamboos look like Asian bamboos, with Mountain Gorillas instead of Giant Pandas, but research has shown that they are as different to Asian bamboos as the Gorilla is to the Panda, and they represent two completely new genera.

Wayne State receives grant to reduce emissions of toxins by power plants into Great Lakes
A team of Wayne State University researchers are working on a technology that could quickly and significantly reduce the emission of mercury and other toxic substances by power plants into the Great Lakes basin.

Kessler Foundation fellow receives grant from National Institutes of Health
Rakesh Pilkar, Ph.D., post-doctoral fellow in Human Performance and Engineering Research at Kessler Foundation, was awarded a R03, $153,000 grant by the National Institutes of Health to study the response levels to function electrical stimulation (FES) interventions in walking patterns during the rehabilitation of stroke patients with hemiplegic gait.

Arctic sea ice update: Unlikely to break records, but continuing downward trend
The melting of sea ice in the Arctic is well on its way toward its annual

Who uses social networking sites to monitor their romantic partners?
With the widespread popularity of social networking sites such as Facebook, it is increasingly common for people to use interpersonal electronic surveillance to monitor the activities of current and former romantic partners.

Funding for animal testing alternative
A researcher from Plymouth University Peninsula Schools of Medicine and Dentistry has received an award of £ 94,365 (Sterling) from the National Centre for the Replacement, Refinement and Reduction of Animals in Research, for a pilot study to develop the lab-based creation of a type of mouse cell which could be used in place of the live animals for research related to infectious and allergic lung conditions.

Gene combinations and interactions affect risk of Crohn's disease
A statistical model accounting for dozens of different genes in combination -- and the interactions between them -- is an important step forward in understanding the genetic factors affecting the risk of Crohn's disease, reports a study in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases, official journal of the Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America.

2 become 1 with the 3-D NanoChemiscope
The 3D NanoChemiscope is a miracle of state-of-the-art analysis technology.

Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. and The Charlesworth Group launch customized web platform
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers is pleased to announce the launch of its new Chinese version website.

Single injection may revolutionize melanoma treatment, Moffitt study shows
A new study at Moffitt Cancer Center could offer hope to people with melanoma, the deadliest form of skin cancer.

9 UT Arlington educators honored for teaching excellence
Nine UT Arlington faculty members across various disciplines have been recognized by the University of Texas System Board of Regents for demonstrating extraordinary classroom performance and innovation at the undergraduate level.

Hostile sexism, abandoning a goal, society's role in creative genius
New research in our journals explores how hostile sexism affects relationships, what happens to us physically and psychologically when we consider abandoning a goal, society's role in creative genius, and more.

Humans and robots, the hybridization of the coming decade
There is no need to resort to science fiction; international experts forecast that by 2025 the robot-human merger will be an everyday reality.

Study finds genomic differences in types of cervical cancer
A new study has revealed marked differences in the genomic terrain of the two most common types of cervical cancer, suggesting that patients might benefit from therapies geared to each type's molecular idiosyncrasies.

EU funds BESTCILIA to improve care on primary ciliary dyskinesia
Primary ciliary dyskinesia is a typical orphan disease: diagnosis is often delayed, evidence on long-term treatment outcomes is unsufficient or missing, due to the small patient numbers in particular countries.

LSUHSC study reports racial/ethnic differences in young people with cancer
Mei-Chin Hsieh, MSPH, CTR, of LSU Health Sciences Center New Orleans School of Public Health's Louisiana Tumor Registry, is the lead author of a study that reports racial and ethnic differences in the incidence of soft tissue sarcomas in adolescents and young adults.
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