Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 27, 2013
Researcher controls colleague's motions in first human brain-to-brain interface
University of Washington researchers have performed what they believe is the first noninvasive human-to-human brain interface, with one researcher able to send a brain signal via the Internet to control the hand motions of a fellow researcher.

UTHealth, Swedish researchers uncover mystery in blood clotting disorder
Fifteen years ago, a hematologist came to Dianna Milewicz, M.D., Ph.D., with a puzzle: Multiple generations of an East Texas family suffered from a moderately severe bleeding disorder, but it wasn't hemophilia.

New approach to celiac testing identifies more Australians at risk
Australian researchers have developed a new approach to detecting celiac disease, revealing this immune disorder is far more common than previously recognized.

Gene makes some HIV-infected patients more at risk for fungal disease
HIV-infected people who carry a gene for a specific protein face a 20-fold greater risk of contracting cryptococcal disease, according to a study published in mBio®, the online open-access journal of the American Society for Microbiology.

New surgical tool may help sleep apnea sufferers, Wayne State research finds
A Wayne State University researcher's innovative use of a new tool may make surgery a more viable option for sufferers of obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome.

IUPUI professor earns national grants to research treatments for cancer patients and caregivers
An assistant professor of psychology in the School of Science at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis will apply nearly $1 million in recently approved grants to study how a telephone-based treatment process can help ease stress and anxiety issues experienced by advanced-stage lung cancer patients and the family members who care for them.

The Leena Peltonen Prize for Excellence in Human Genetics awarded to Dr. Cecilia Lindgren
The Leena Peltonen Prize for Excellence in Human Genetics was awarded to Dr.

Grants help expand pharmacy services for the homeless
Student and faculty volunteers from the University of Houston College of Pharmacy received national recognition this summer for their work to expand health care services for Houston's homeless population.

NREL study suggests cost gap for Western renewables could narrow by 2025
A new Energy Department study conducted by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory indicates that by 2025 wind and solar power electricity generation could become cost-competitive without federal subsidies, if new renewable energy development occurs in the most productive locations.

New treatments better than standard ones just over half the time
In a recent paper published in the journal Nature, University of South Florida Distinguished Professor Benjamin Djulbegovic and colleagues report that on average new treatments work better than existing ones just over half the time.

T-cell targeted therapy tested in type 1 diabetes study
Results from the START clinical study, led by Dr. Steve Gitelman, University of California, San Francisco, and sponsored by the Immune Tolerance Network, are published today in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology.

Harmful particles in Icelandic volcanic ash fell first, says new research
The type of particles which are most harmful to jet engines were the first to fall out of the Eyjafjallajökull ash plume following the volcano's eruption in 2010, delegates at the Goldschmidt conference will be told today (Wednesday, Aug.

Illegal fires set in Indonesia cause smog problem
Widespread wildfires are lighting up Indonesia, but these fires were not started accidentally.

Why are some cells more cancer prone?
Cells in the body wear down over time and die.

Johns Hopkins researchers find promising therapeutic target for hard-to-treat brain tumor
Johns Hopkins researchers say they have found a specific protein in nearly 100 percent of high-grade meningiomas -- the most common form of brain tumor -- suggesting a new target for therapies for a cancer that does not respond to current chemotherapy.

Hybrid screening strategy emerges for colorectal cancer
A strategy that combines two effective colorectal cancer screening methods, fecal immunological test and colonoscopy, may improve prevention and detection of colorectal cancer and reduce costs, according to a new study in Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology, the official clinical practice journal of the American Gastroenterological Association.

Anderson to receive GSA's 2013 Nathan Shock New Investigator Award
The Gerontological Society of America -- the nation's largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to the field of aging -- has chosen Rozalyn M.

Fukushima radioactive plume to reach US in 3 years
Researchers find it will take three years from the date of leakage for the the plume of radioactive water to reach the US coastline.

Supervolcanic ash can turn to lava miles from eruption, MU scientists find
University of Missouri scientists determine that ash can turn back into lava miles away from a supervolcano eruption due to reheating by a process called

CU study relies on twins and their parents to understand height-IQ connection
The fact that taller people also tend to be slightly smarter is due in roughly equal parts to two phenomena -- the same genes affect both traits and taller people are more likely than average to mate with smarter people and vice versa -- according to a study led by the University of Colorado Boulder.

Dementia sufferers more likely to be diagnosed with urinary or fecal incontinence
Patients with a diagnosis of dementia have approximately three times the rate of diagnosis of urinary incontinence, and more than four times the rate of fecal incontinence, compared with those without a diagnosis of dementia, according to a study in this week's issue of PLOS Medicine by Robert Grant (Kingston University and St.

Hispanics urged to perform skin self-exams, discuss cancer risk with physicians
More than three-quarters of Hispanics patients in North Carolina aren't performing skin self-exams to detect possible skin cancers, and physicians need to do a better job of educating their patients about this potentially life-saving practice, say researchers in the School of Medicine at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Study finds tumor suppressor may actually fuel aggressive leukemia
New research in the Journal of Clinical Investigation suggests that blocking a protein normally credited with suppressing leukemia may be a promising therapeutic strategy for an aggressive form of the disease called acute myeloid leukemia.

Study identifies molecular process behind form of non-syndromic deafness
Researchers identify an underlying molecular process that causes a genetic form of non-syndromic deafness in a new study that also suggests affected families may be at risk of damage to other organs.

University of Tennessee lecturer investigates response to 'bad' art
An oil painting of a piece of wood with a sad face sitting on the ground or a pink pony with Disney Princess-like hair.

Children's National study finds that apoptosis triggers replication of common viruses
Researchers from Children's National Medical Center have found that an alternate,

Early diabetes interventions may also reduce heart disease risk
Two treatments that slow the development of diabetes also may protect people from heart disease, according to a recent study accepted for publication in The Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

New cooling technique for robotic surgery performed on difficult kidney stone
A first-ever technique using ice slush and minimally invasive robotic surgery to remove a particularly large type of kidney stone has been reported by urologists at Henry Ford Hospital.

First US surgery transmitted live via Google Glass
A surgeon at The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center is the first in the United States to consult with a distant colleague using live, point-of-view video from the operating room via Google Glass, a head-mounted computer and camera device.

Do girls really experience more math anxiety?
Girls report more math anxiety on general survey measures but are not actually more anxious during math classes and exams, according to new research forthcoming in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

Researchers develop rapid, cost-effective early detection method for organ transplant injury
Researchers developed a one-day blood test for the early detection of organ transplant injury that could enable more timely therapeutic intervention in transplant patients.

Expectant mothers' periodontal health vital to health of her baby
New clinical recommendations from the American Academy of Periodontology (AAP) and the Eurpean Federation of Periodontology (EFP) urge pregnant women to maintain periodontal health as well.

Gastroenteritis hospitalizations in adults reduced since start of infant rotavirus vaccination
The researchers found that compared with prevaccine years, during 2008-2010, statistically significant reductions were observed in rotavirus-coded discharges in the age groups 0-4 years; 5-14 years; and 15-24 years.

Origin of a hereditary east Texas bleeding disorder
Genomic sequencing revealed a mutation in the gene encoding coagulation factor 5 (FV), but it was not considered to contribute to disease, since clotting assays were normal.

UCLA scientists receive $2 million grant to improve quality of donor livers for transplant
A team of scientists from UCLA have been awarded a three-year, $2 million grant from the W.M.

Protease inhibitor resistance involves multiple stages of the HIV-1 life cycle
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Robert Silcano and colleagues at Johns Hopkins University identify the effects of protease inhibitors on different stages of viral replication.

Combination drug regimen may benefit patients with hepatitis C
Treatment of chronic hepatitis C virus genotype 1 infection with the interferon-free regimen of sofosbuvir and ribavirin resulted in a high sustained virologic response rate in a patient population with unfavorable treatment characteristics, according to a study in the August 28 issue of JAMA.

New energy model offers transparency to let others replicate findings
Computer models are used to inform policy decisions about energy, but existing models are generally

UC Riverside's initiative to improve undergraduate success in STEM fields gets major boost
The University of California, Riverside has received a five-year grant of $2 million from the National Science Foundation to improve undergraduate success and retention in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) majors, particularly for underrepresented students.

Anchoring ABL for a better fate
By providing a detailed description of the mechanisms by which ABL, a protein associated with Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia, undergoes cell death, this new study offers fresh perspectives on how cells carrying the Philadelphia Chromosome escape apoptosis and become immortal.

Existence of new element confirmed
Remember the periodic table from chemistry class in school? Researchers from Lund University in Sweden have presented fresh evidence that confirms the existence of a previously unknown chemical element.

Investigational oral regimen for hepatitis C shows promise in NIH trial
In a study of an all-oral drug regimen, a majority of volunteers with liver damage due to hepatitis C virus infection were cured following a six-month course of therapy that combined an experimental drug, sofosbuvir, with the licensed antiviral drug ribavirin.

Coming soon to an optometrist's office near you: Wavefront analysis
Techniques developed by astronomers seeking a clear view of objects in space are coming closer to home, as eye care professionals apply the concept of wavefront optics to understanding -- and correcting -- subtle visual abnormalities of the human eye, according to a special article in the September issue of Optometry and Vision Science, official journal of the American Academy of Optometry.

Tennessee high school students publish in top science journal
Two Tennessee high school students have now done what many scientists strive for: Publishing their research in a top science journal.

Schafer, Ferraro, Mustillo to receive GSA's 2013 Richard Kalish Innovative Publication Award
The Gerontological Society of America -- the nation's largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to the field of aging -- has chosen Markus H.

Snapping turtles finding refuge in urban areas while habitats are being polluted
Snapping turtles are surviving in urban areas as their natural habitats are being polluted or developed for construction projects.

Hearing loss associated with a lack of cell-cell junctions
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Saima Riazuddin and colleagues at the Cincinnati Children's Hospital, identify a role for the tricellular tight junction protein, TRIC, in cochlear hair cell preservation.

Joslin scientists identify genetic variant associated with coronary heart disease in type 2 diabetes
Joslin scientists, in collaboration with researchers from the Harvard School of Public Health and Italian research institutes, have identified a previously unknown genetic variant associated with an increased risk of coronary heart disease in type 2 diabetic patients.

NASA sees Tropical Storm Kong-Rey battling wind shear
NASA satellite imagery on Aug. 27 showed that wind shear was having an effect on the thunderstorms in Tropical Storm Kong-Rey's northern quadrant.

Zealous imaging fuelling unnecessary and harmful treatment of low risk thyroid cancers
New imaging techniques are fuelling an epidemic in diagnosis and treatment of thyroid cancers that are unlikely to ever progress to cause symptoms or death, warn experts on bmj.com today.

ASTRO awards $34,500 in individual grants to top researchers presenting at the 2013 Annual Meeting
The American Society for Radiation Oncology has selected 42 recipients for the 2013 Annual Meeting Abstract Awards.

Netflix designer, social gaming expert among speakers at international gamification conference
The University of Waterloo Stratford Campus, Canada's new collaborative campus for digital media technology and commercialization, is attracting international talent to its exclusive Gamification 2013 conference in Stratford, Ontario.

No evidence of residential property value impacts near US wind turbines
After analyzing more than 50,000 home sales near 63 wind facilities in 27 counties across nine US states, Berkeley Lab researchers were unable to uncover any impacts to nearby home property values.

Winter depression not as common as many think, OSU research shows
New research suggests that getting depressed when it's cold and dreary outside may not be as common as is often believed.

Broccoli could be key in the fight against osteoarthritis
A compound found in broccoli could be key to preventing or slowing the progress of the most common form of arthritis, according to new research led by the University of East Anglia.

New moms and obese people risk complications from influenza: McMaster study
New mothers and obese people, two groups not typically regarded as risk groups, were found to have a higher risk of death and other severe outcomes from influenza, according to the global study sponsored by the World Health Organization.

Control scheme dynamically maintains unstable quantum system
Researchers have demonstrated a way to maintain an unstable quantum system by applying bursts of microwave radiation.

Contagious savings
A commercial health insurer's large scale demonstration program designed to improve quality and lower costs for subscribers also lowered costs for Medicare patients who used the same health care providers but were not covered by the plan.

A strategy for combating drug-resistant cancers
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Po-Huang Liang and colleagues at Academia Sinica identify a compound (I-Lys) that disrupts the interaction between CASP7 and XIAP.

UT Arlington takes on role in national Materials Genome Initiative
UT Arlington engineers are assembling a computer-based

Rim Fire update Aug. 27, 2013
Fire crews had their hands full with very active fire behavior today.

Review outlines best practice standards for coordinator-based fracture liaison services
An influential report published in the journal

Scientists prevent preterm birth caused by gene-environment interactions
New research in the Journal of Clinical Investigation provides evidence that gene-environment interactions are a major contributor to preterm birth and that using a combinatory treatment strategy can prevent preterm delivery in a mouse model.

The importance of treating pediatric AIDS in the elimination agenda
Scott Kellerman and colleagues argue that the scope of the current HIV elimination agenda must be broadened in order to ensure access to care and treatment for all children living with HIV.

Cancerous cells from donor kidney linked to recipient skin cancer
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Philippe Ratajczak and colleagues at INSERM demonstrate that donor tissue can lead to caner formation in transplant recipients.

Fractions gain traction with concrete models
New research from Concordia University shows that for children to understand math, teachers must constantly make the connection between abstract numbers and real world examples.

Low inflammation may explain healthy metabolic status in some obese people
Reduced levels of inflammation may explain how some obese people are able to remain metabolically healthy, according to a recent study accepted for publication in The Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

Personalized AF management needed to close mortality gap
The Atrial Fibrillation competence NETwork and European Heart Rhythm Association consensus paper is published online in the European Journal of Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology and was presented during the ESC Congress session on personalized cardiology.

Report proposes microbiology's grand challenge to help feed the world
A greater focus on the role of microbiology in agriculture combined with new technologies can help mitigate potential food shortages associated with world population increases according to a new report from the American Academy of Microbiology.

Fernand's remnants still drenching eastern Mexico
Tropical moisture continued to stream over eastern Mexico on Aug.

3 subtypes of gastric cancer suggest different treatment approaches
Stomach cancer, one of the leading causes of cancer death worldwide, actually falls into three broad subtypes that respond differently to currently available therapies, according to researchers at Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School Singapore.

Divorce elevates risk for depression, but only for some people
Divorce is associated with an increased risk of future depressive episodes but only for those who already have a history of depression, according to a new study published in Clinical Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

A genetic treasure hunting in sorghum may benefit crop improvement
A consortium of researchers from The University of Queensland, the Queensland Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry and BGI has discovered that sorghum, a drought-tolerant African crop, holds vastly more genetic variation than previously reported.

NJIT professor appointed to National Research Council
NJIT Professor Michel Boufadel has been appointed a member of a National Research Council (of the National Academies) committee on the Effective Daily Recovery Capacity.

Generational shift in attitudes among young footballers towards gay teammates
Young footballers on the verge of becoming professionals are now much more likely to be supportive of gay teammates than a decade ago, according to new research from sociologists at the universities of Kent and Winchester.

Stem cells may do best with a little help from their friends
Like volunteers handing out cups of energy drinks to marathon runners, specially engineered

Can toxicity of a DNA drug be predicted and minimized?
New classes of therapeutic antisense oligonucleotides can have toxic effects on the liver.

Earthquakes and tectonics in Pamir Tien Shan
Real time analysis of shear waves as a means of earth quake hazard mitigation.

The extraordinary evolution of REVs
A new study by Anna Maria Niewiadomska and Robert Gifford, of The Aaron Diamond AIDS Research Center, New York, reveals that reticuloendotheliosis viruses, which originated in mammals, spread to birds as a result of medical intervention.

Mayo Clinic: High-tech imaging contributing to overdiagnosis of low-risk thyroid cancers
An increasing gap between the incidence of thyroid cancer and deaths from the disease suggests that low-risk cancers are being overdiagnosed and overtreated, a study from the Mayo Clinic Center for the Science of Health Care Delivery finds.

Genetic variant identified that may increase heart disease risk among people with type 2 diabetes
A newly discovered genetic variant may increase the risk of heart disease in people with type 2 diabetes by more than a third, according to a study led by researchers at Harvard School of Public Health and Joslin Diabetes Center.

AcademyHealth announces 9 Delivery System Science Fellows
AcademyHealth today announced the selection and placement of nine AcademyHealth Delivery System Science Fellows.

An alga stressed by the light
During the summers of 2010 and 2011, the UPV/EHU's Bentos Marino group analyzed samples of algae populations from five zones and measured the amount of light present in and the temperature of each zone over the summer.

Submarine canyons a source of marine invertebrate diversity, abundance
Submarine canyons play an important role in maintaining high levels of biodiversity of small invertebrates in the seafloor sediments of the main and northwestern Hawaiian Islands, according to research from the University of Hawai'i at Manoa.

X-ray of ducts during gallbladder surgery not linked with reduction in risk of common duct injury
In an analysis of a procedure used to help prevent common duct injury during gallbladder removal surgery, use of intraoperative cholangiography (radiologic examination of the ducts during gallbladder surgery) was not associated with a reduced risk of common duct injury, according to a study in the August 28 issue of JAMA.

New research shows benefit of interval training for women
Interval training is a well-known way to get the maximum benefits of exercise in the shortest amount of time.

Study examines relationship of a commercial ACO contract with medical spending
Payment incentives implemented with a commercial accountable care organization (ACO) initiative in Massachusetts -- Blue Cross Blue Shield's Alternative Quality Contract (AQC) -- were associated with lower spending for Medicare enrollees served by the provider groups participating in the AQC, findings that suggest that evaluations of ACO programs may need to consider the implications for other patient populations to assess their full clinical and economic benefits, according to a study in the August 28 issue of JAMA.

Conspiracy theories not to blame for underrepresentation in HIV studies
Even though most Americans believe some kind of conspiracy theory about HIV care and research, many are willing to take part in vaccine trails, according to a new study by Ryan Westergaard of the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, published in Springer's Journal of General Internal Medicine.

Long-term memory in the cortex
Game changing results: Brain uses the cortex for making sensory associations, not the hippocampus.

African-American women less likely to receive HPV vaccine than whites, Pitt study finds
Even with access to health care, African-American women are less likely to receive the vaccine for human papillomavirus (HPV), which reduces the risk for cervical cancer, according to a study by researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine.

Leopoldina Annual Assembly to discuss the shaping of the individual
The German National Academy of Sciences Leopoldina will focus on the theme

Genetic variant associated with increased CHD risk in individuals with type 2 diabetes
Researchers have identified a previously unknown genetic locus (the place a gene occupies on a chromosome) significantly associated with increased coronary heart disease risk among patients with type 2 diabetes, but the association was not found in individuals without diabetes, according to a study in the August 28 issue of JAMA.

Novel approach to gene regulation can activate multiple genes simultaneously
By creating a powerful new gene regulation system called CRISPR-on, Whitehead Institute researchers now have the ability to increase the expression of multiple genes simultaneously and precisely manipulate each gene's expression level.

Kessler Foundation researcher reports pilot results from a virtual reality executive function task
Denise Krch, Ph.D., research scientist for Traumatic Brain Injury Research at Kessler Foundation, presented

Elsevier announces the launch of a new open access journal: Water Resources and Industry
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, today announced the launch of a new open access journal Water Resources and Industry, published in association with the International Water Association.

Computer test reveals high prevalence of attention disorders in stroke patients
A majority of stroke patients have problems paying attention and could be helped by brain-training computer games, a new study suggests.

Clemson, UGA developing low-cost device to detect cancer
While many college football fans are focused on this week's marquee matchup between the Georgia Bulldogs and the Clemson Tigers, researchers from the two institutions are working together off the playing field to develop low-cost technology that can detect cancer.

Frontiers news briefs: Aug. 26
This week's news briefs include: interesting and useful musings are associated with a happy mood, and special challenges and opportunities of cyanobacteria for the emerging field of synthetic biology.

Researchers develop novel polymer to help oral medications reach the bloodstream
Research on new polymer additives that enhance the ability of orally administered drugs will result in greater effectiveness and fewer side effects.

First inside look at working environment of Iranian journalists
The Iran Media Program, part of the University of Pennsylvania's Annenberg School for Communication, conducted a survey of over 300 working journalists.

Size of personal space is affected by anxiety
The space surrounding the body (known by scientists as 'peripersonal space'), which has previously been thought of as having a gradual boundary, has been given physical limits by new research into the relationship between anxiety and personal space.

Calcium supplements may not prevent bone loss in women with breast cancer
New research from Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center finds that the recommended daily doses of calcium and vitamin D supplements may not prevent loss of bone mineral density in women with breast cancer.

Dating violence impedes victims' earnings
Dating violence in adolescence not only takes a physical and emotional toll on young women, it also leads to less education and lower earnings later in life, according to a first-of-its-kind study led by a Michigan State University researcher.

How quickly can a bacterium grow?
Physicist finds that E. coli replicate close to thermodynamic limits of efficiency.

European hunter-gatherers owned pigs as early as 4600 BC
European hunter-gatherers acquired domesticated pigs from nearby farmers as early as 4600 BC, according to new evidence.
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