Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 29, 2013
New PRA gene identified in Phalenes and Papillons
Finnish researchers have identified a genetic mutation causing progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) in the Phalene and Papillon dog breeds.

Moderate physical activity does not increase risk of knee osteoarthritis
Adults age 45 and older who engaged in moderate physical activity up to two and a half hours a week did not increase their risk of developing knee osteoarthritis over a six-year follow-up period, a new study finds.

UCSB study examines heavy metal pollutants in fish at oil platforms and natural sites
A recent study by UC Santa Barbara scientists analyzed whole-body fish samples taken from oil-and-gas production platforms and natural sites for heavy metal pollutants.

CRISPR/Cas genome engineering system generates valuable conditional mouse models
Whitehead Institute researchers have used the gene regulation system CRISPR/Cas (for

Discovering a diamondback moth: Overlooked diversity in a global pest
A new species of diamondback moth has been discovered in Australia.

NASA data reveals mega-canyon under Greenland Ice Sheet
Data from a NASA airborne science mission reveals evidence of a large and previously unknown canyon hidden under a mile of Greenland ice.

'Trojan' asteroids in far reaches of solar system more common than previously thought
UBC astronomers have discovered the first Trojan asteroid sharing the orbit of Uranus, and believe 2011 QF99 is part of a larger-than-expected population of transient objects temporarily trapped by the gravitational pull of the solar system's giant planets.

Hydrogen fuel from sunlight
Berkeley Lab researchers at the Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis have developed a way to interface a molecular hydrogen-producing catalyst with a visible light absorbing semiconductor.

Simple urine test may help identify individuals with diabetes at risk for cognitive decline
Diabetics with persistent protein in the urine over four to five years had greater declines in cognitive function than diabetics without protein in the urine.

Stanford-developed collagen patch speeds repair of damaged heart tissue in mice
Researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine and Lucile Packard Children's Hospital have developed a patch composed of structurally modified collagen that can be grafted onto damaged heart tissue.

Neuroscientists find a key to reducing forgetting -- it's about the network
A team of neuroscientists has found a key to the reduction of forgetting.

Penn study: Shutting off neurons helps bullied mice overcome symptoms of depression
A new drug target to treat depression and other mood disorders may lie in a group of GABA neurons shown to contribute to symptoms like social withdrawal and increased anxiety, Penn Medicine researchers report in a new study in the Journal of Neuroscience.

On warming Antarctic Peninsula, moss and microbes reveal unprecedented ecological change
By carefully analyzing a 150-year-old moss bank on the Antarctic Peninsula, researchers reporting in Current Biology, a Cell Press publication, on August 29 describe an unprecedented rate of ecological change since the 1960s driven by warming temperatures.

Type 2 diabetes study to examine role amylin plays in disease
A George Washington University researcher will receive $1.3 million over the next five years from the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases for research that will help better understand how Type 2 diabetes develops, possibly informing the development of novel treatments to reverse the disease.

Bacteria supplemented their diet to clean up after Deep Water Horizon oil spill
Bacteria were able to

Sustaining the Plains: Interdisciplinary project seeks to improve Great Plains water sustainability
An interdisciplinary group of Kansas State University researchers is studying how climate variability, climate change, land use and human activity affect Great Plains water systems.

Compounds point the way to cancer's dependencies
The Broad Institute's Center for the Science of Therapeutics today announced the launch of its Cancer Therapeutics Response Portal -- a critical resource for advancing the discovery of potential cancer drugs matched to the patient populations most likely to benefit from them.

Using UCLA framework, Alabama, Georgia schools lead way in addressing barriers to learning
Georgia and Alabama are leading the way in reforming public schools to address barriers to student learning.

Biologists at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet in Munich have demonstrated that people can acquire the capacity for echolocation, although it does take time and work.

Inflammatory protein converts glioblastoma cells into most aggressive version
A prominent protein activated by inflammation is the key instigator that converts glioblastoma multiforme cells to their most aggressive, untreatable form and promotes resistance to radiation therapy, an international team lead by researchers at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center reported online today in the journal Cancer Cell.

Potential diagnostic marker for zinc status offers insights into the effects of zinc deficiency
According to new research published in The FASEB Journal, a drop in blood zinc levels does not directly harm the blood vessel cells.

Clemson University researchers: Protect corridors to save tigers, leopards
Research by Clemson University conservation geneticists makes the case that landscape-level tiger and leopard conservation that includes protecting the corridors the big cats use for travel between habitat patches is the most effective conservation strategy for their long-term survival.

Pre-pregnancy hormone testing may indicate gestational diabetes risk
Overweight women with low levels of the hormone adiponectin prior to pregnancy are nearly seven times more likely to develop gestational diabetes, according to a Kaiser Permanente study published today in the journal Diabetes Care.

200 new Brain & Behavior Research Foundation grants awarded to young scientists
The Brain & Behavior Research Foundation (formerly known as NARSAD, or the National Alliance for Research on Schizophrenia and Depression) announces $11.8 million in 200 new two-year grant awards.

NASA's Landsat revisits old flames in fire trends
With busy fire seasons, scientists and fire managers are interested in how and why fire frequency, severity and duration changes over time.

Researchers find link between blueberries, grapes and apples and reduced risk of type 2 diabetes
Eating more whole fruits, particularly blueberries, grapes and apples, is associated with a lower risk of type 2 diabetes, with greater fruit juice consumption having an adverse effect, a paper published today on suggests.

Spider venom reveals new secret
A University of Arizona-led research team has found that venom of spiders of the genus Loxosceles, which includes the brown recluse, produces a different chemical product than scientists believed.

Toward an early diagnostic tool for Alzheimer's disease
Despite all the research done on Alzheimer's, there is still no early diagnostic tool for the disease.

'Safe' levels of environmental pollution may have long-term health consequences
If you're eating better and exercising regularly, but still aren't seeing improvements in your health, there might be a reason: Pollution.

NAMS issues new guidance on vulvovaginal atrophy
Symptoms of vulvovaginal atrophy (VVA), such as lack of lubrication, irritated tissues, painful urination, and pain with intercourse, affect as many as 45 percent of women after menopause.

Relationship between the ozone depletion and the extreme precipitation in austral summer
The new study by Professor Sarah Kang from Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology, showed that the ozone depletion over the South Pole has affected the extreme daily precipitation in the austral summer, for Dec., Jan., and Feb.

Young whoopers stay the course when they follow a wise old bird
How do birds find their way on migration? Is their route encoded in their genes, or learned?

Why super massive black holes consume less material than expected
Astronomers led by Q. Daniel Wang at UMass Amherst have solved the mystery of why most super massive black holes have such a low accretion rate -- that is, they feed on very little of the available gases, instead acting as if they are on a severe diet.

Study identifies better blood glucose monitor for burn care
Glucose monitoring systems with an autocorrect feature that can detect red blood cells (hematocrit), vitamin C and other common interferents in burn patients' blood are better for monitoring care, a pilot study conducted by UC Davis researchers at the School of Medicine and College of Engineering has found.

Eating whole fruits linked to lower risk of Type 2 diabetes
Eating more whole fruits, particularly blueberries, grapes, and apples, was significantly associated with a lower risk of Type 2 diabetes, according to a new study led by Harvard School of Public Health researchers.

NASA's Hubble sees a cosmic caterpillar
A light-year-long knot of interstellar gas and dust resembles a caterpillar on its way to a feast.

Tracking Huntington's disease through brain metabolism
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, David Eidelberg and colleagues at the Feinstein Institute of Medical Research, evaluated changes in the brain metabolism of a small group of preclinical HD carriers over the course of seven years and identified a metabolic network that is associated with HD progression.

NASA infrared eye sees wind shear affecting Tropical Storm Kong-Rey
Infrared imagery from NASA's Aqua satellite showed that Tropical Storm Kong-Rey's strongest thunderstorms were being pushed away from its center on its trek northward in the Western North Pacific Ocean.

Collagen clue reveals new drug target for untreatable form of lung cancer
Collagen, the stuff of ligaments and skin, and the most abundant protein in the human body, has an extraordinary role in triggering chemical signals that help protect the body from cancer, a new study reveals.

Reproducing nature's chemistry: Researchers alter molecular properties in a new way
Taking cues from nature, Northwestern University researchers have tested a new method for achieving particular molecular properties: by changing the geometry of the surface to which the molecule is bound.

Mutations in a gene that impacts immune function increase susceptibility to prostate cancer
A team of researchers led by Janet Stanford, Ph.D., of Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center has discovered that mutations in the gene BTNL2, which encodes a protein involved in regulating T-cell proliferation and cytokine production -- both of which impact immune function -- increase the risk of developing prostate cancer.

Single gene change increases mouse lifespan by 20 percent
By lowering the expression of a single gene, researchers at the National Institutes of Health have extended the average lifespan of a group of mice by about 20 percent -- the equivalent of raising the average human lifespan by 16 years, from 79 to 95.

Scientists map molecular mechanism that may cause toxic protein buildup in dementing disorders
There is no easy way to study diseases of the brain.

Science magazine prize honors environmental research course
Saitta and her colleagues are being recognized with the Science Prize for Inquiry-Based Instruction.

St. Jude Children's Research Hospital study yields new strategy against high-risk leukemia
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital scientists have identified a protein that certain high-risk acute lymphoblastic leukemia cells need to survive and have used that knowledge to fashion a more effective method of killing tumor cells.

Study reveals why the body clock is slow to adjust to time changes
New research in mice reveals why the body is so slow to recover from jet-lag.

Sunlight induced DNA crash
Summer, sun and the sea -- a dream vacation for most -- can turn sour for those affected by lupus erythematosus.

Your spouse's voice is easier to hear -- and easier to ignore
With so many other competing voices, having a conversation on a bustling subway or at a crowded cocktail party takes a great deal of concentration.

Researchers track antibiotic-resistant strains of Salmonella from farm to fork
Continuing research on Salmonella may enable researchers to identify and track strains of antibiotic resistant bacteria as they evolve and spread, according to researchers in Penn State's College of Agricultural Sciences.

Genomic study: Why children in remission from rheumatoid arthritis experience recurrences
A new study published today in Arthritis Research & Therapy provides the first genomic characterization of remission in juvenile rheumatoid arthritis patients.

Adding blood pressure drug to standard antibiotics speeds up TB treatment
Infectious disease experts at Johns Hopkins have found, in studies in mice, that a drug better known as a treatment for high blood pressure and headaches effectively speeds up treatment of TB when added to the standard, daily antibiotic regimen.

Men feel worse about themselves when female partners succeed, says new research
Deep down, men may not bask in the glory of their successful wives or girlfriends.

World's scientists, researchers and nutrition experts convene to explore the benefits of mushrooms
Leading researchers, scientists and government, industry and health professionals will gather in the nation's capital for a groundbreaking, two-day exploration of the research supporting the health benefits of mushrooms -- one of the most popular items found in the produce aisle and often thought of as a vegetable though technically belonging to the unique Fungi kingdom.

Notre Dame and Moi University join research efforts to shed light on breast cancer
A new joint research effort between the University of Notre Dame's Eck Institute for Global Health and Harper Cancer Research Institute and a Kenyan doctoral student from Moi University is examining the unique manifestation of breast cancer in Kenya.

Using a robot to improve brain cancer treatment is aim of a $3 million NIH award to WPI
With a five-year, $3 million R01 award from the National Institutes of Health, through the National Cancer Institute, a multi-institution team of researchers led by Gregory Fischer at Worcester Polytechnic Institute will test a new, minimally invasive approach to treating brain tumors.

Novel topological crystalline insulator shows mass appeal
Physicists have theorized that topological crystalline insulators possess unique surface states as a result of crystalline symmetry.

Time for tech transfer law to change? U-M doctor looks at history of Bayh-Dole and says yes
The law that has helped medical discoveries make the leap from university labs to the marketplace for more than 30 years needs revising, in part to ensure the American people benefit from science their tax dollars have paid for, says a University of Michigan Medical School physician and medical historian.

Poor concentration: Poverty reduces brainpower needed for navigating other areas of life
Research based at Princeton University found that poverty and all its related concerns require so much mental energy that the poor have less remaining brainpower to devote to other areas of life.

More efficient production of biofuels from waste with the help of modified yeasts
A significant portion of the petroleum consumed by the transport sector must be replaced in the long term by renewable energy.

Researcher awarded $5 million to advance future stem cell treatments for segmental bone fractures
A Cedars-Sinai team of researchers led by principal investigator Dan Gazit, Ph.D., D.M.D., has been awarded a $5.18 million grant from California's stem cell research agency to advance stem cell technologies in segmental bone defects, a complex medical problem caused by large portions of bone tissue loss.

New research gives answers on the relationship between chronic illness and food insecurity
Research findings provide direct evidence that people with chronic diseases are more likely to be food insecure.

NASA'S Chandra catches our galaxy's giant black hole rejecting food
Astronomers using NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory have taken a major step in explaining why material around the giant black hole at the center of the Milky Way Galaxy is extraordinarily faint in X-rays.

New medical conditions more likely to spark healthy changes among better-educated middle-aged people
Better-educated middle-aged Americans are less likely to smoke and more apt to be physically active than their less-educated peers.

Texas A&M biologist fights deadly gut bacteria, C. diff
A Texas A&M University biologist has received a federal grant to study the fecal samples of hundreds of people to better understand the gut bacteria Clostridium difficile -- the cause of some 14,000 deaths a year in America -- and to help lay the basic science foundation to develop drugs to combat its deadly results.

Sea-level rise drives shoreline retreat in Hawaii
Researchers from the University of Hawaii -- Manoa, School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology and the State of Hawaii, Department of Land and Natural Resources published a paper recently showing that SLR is a primary factor driving historical shoreline changes (that is, beach erosion or accretion) in Hawaii and that historical rates of shoreline change are about two orders of magnitude greater than SLR.

Salk researchers develop new model to study schizophrenia and other neurological conditions
Schizophrenia is one of the most devastating neurological conditions, with only 30 percent of sufferers ever experiencing full recovery.

Call for President Obama to 'remove public veil of ignorance' around state of US health
In a call to action on the sorry comparative state of US health, researchers are urging President Obama to

Learning how the brain takes out its trash may help decode neurological diseases
Imagine that garbage haulers don't exist. Slowly, the trash accumulates in our offices, our homes, it clogs the streets and damages our cars, causes illness and renders normal life impossible.

'1 pill can kill': Effects of unintentional opioid exposure in young children
During 2010-2011, an average of 1,500 children under six years of age was evaluated in emergency departments each year due to unintentional exposure to buprenorphine.

2013 Avant-Garde Awards explore HIV without AIDS, protective genes
With proposals ranging from a combined cocaine/HIV vaccine to unlocking the mystery of genes that protect some people from the ill effects of HIV, three American scientists have been chosen to receive the 2013 Avant-Garde Award for HIV/AIDS Research from the National Institute on Drug Abuse, part of the National Institutes of Health.

Bad to the bone: some breast cancer cells are primed to thrive
Howard Hughes Medical Institute researchers have discovered that some breast cancer cells bear a distinct

Research suggests perfectionism and work motivation contribute to workaholism
Research from psychologists at the University of Kent suggests that being a perfectionist and highly motivated at work contributes directly to being a workaholic.

Assay shown to be effective in measuring levels of mutant huntingtin protein
An assay designed to measure normal and abnormal forms of the huntingtin protein -- the mutated form of which causes Huntington's disease -- was successful in detecting levels of the mutant protein in a large multicenter study of individuals at risk for the devastating neurological disorder.

Neutron stars in the computer cloud
Einstein@Home discovers 24 new pulsars in archival data.

Socioeconomic status a significant barrier to living kidney donation for African Americans
Income status is strongly associated with living kidney donation: lower income populations have lower rates of living kidney donation compared with higher income populations among both African Americans and Whites.

$6 million University of Colorado instrument to fly on Sept. 6 NASA mission to moon
A $6 million University of Colorado Boulder instrument designed to study the behavior of lunar dust will be riding on a NASA mission to the moon now slated for launch on Friday, Sept.

Rim Fire update Aug. 29, 2013
Slowly but surely, the Rim Fire in California is being contained.

Cleveland Clinic researcher finds genetic mutation in castration-resistant prostate cancer
A Cleveland Clinic researcher has discovered a genetic mutation in a drug-resistant -- and often deadly -- form of prostate cancer.

Dueling infections: 1 keeps the other at bay, say UCSB anthropologists
If the idea of hookworms makes you shudder, consider this: Those pesky intestinal parasites may actually help your body ward off other infections, and perhaps even prevent autoimmune and other diseases.

Study discovers gene that causes devastating mitochondrial diseases
Researchers have identified a novel disease gene in which mutations cause rare but devastating genetic diseases known as mitochondrial disorders.

Frontiers launches a new open-access journal in Energy Research
Frontiers launches its Frontiers in Energy Research open-access journal today.

New nanoparticles make solar cells cheaper to manufacture
University of Alberta researchers have found that abundant materials in the Earth's crust can be used to make inexpensive and easily manufactured nanoparticle-based solar cells.

Scripps Florida scientists detail critical role of gene in many lung cancer cases
Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have shown that a well-known cancer-causing gene implicated in a number of malignancies plays a far more critical role in non-small cell lung cancer, the most common form of the disease, than previously thought.

Protein predicts breast cancer prognosis
Researchers have identified a protein that they believe may help predict breast cancer prognosis, potentially relieving thousands of women at low risk from having to undergo painful, oft-debilitating therapies, while insuring the most successful treatments for those at high risk.

Examination of hospital readmissions after plastic surgery aims to cut costs, enhance patient care
For patients undergoing plastic and reconstructive surgery procedures, obesity, anemia and postoperative complications -- especially surgical and wound complications -- are independent risk factors for hospital readmission, reports a study in the Sept. issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery®, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons.

Virtual surgical planning aids in complex facial reconstructions
Virtual surgical planning technologies give surgeons a powerful new tool for their most challenging facial reconstruction cases, reports a paper in the September issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons.

Cell study offers more diabetic patients chance of transplant
Diabetic patients could benefit from a breakthrough that enables scientists to take cells from the pancreas and change their function to produce insulin.

Lesbian and gay young people in England twice as likely to smoke and drink alcohol
Young people who identify as lesbian, gay or bisexual are twice as likely to have smoked than their heterosexual peers, according to new research published in BMJ Open.

Rich or poor in gut bacteria brings new vision for obesity treatment
The MetaHIT consortium, comprised of Institute National de la Recherche Agronomique, University of Copenhagen, BGI, and other institutes, has investigated the gut microbial composition in a cohort of 123 non-obese and 169 obese Danish individuals.

Where can coral reefs relocate to escape the heat?
The best real estate for coral reefs over the coming decades will no longer be around the equator but in the sub-tropics, new research from the University of Bristol suggests.

Is war really disappearing? A new analysis suggests not
While some researchers have claimed that war between nations is in decline, a new analysis suggests we shouldn't be too quick to celebrate a more peaceful world.

Stroke systems of care essential to reducing deaths, disabilities
The American Heart Association/American Stroke Association has identified several key elements needed for systems of care to effectively reduce stroke-related deaths and disability.

Statins may slow human aging by protecting against telomere shortening: A feature of senescent cells
Not only do statins extend lives by lowering cholesterol levels and reducing the risks of cardiovascular disease, but new research in the Sept.

Learning a new language alters brain development
The age at which children learn a second language can have a significant bearing on the structure of their adult brain, according to a new joint study by the Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital -- The Neuro at McGill University and Oxford University.

NASA sees Tropical Storm Juliette waning near Mexico's Baja California
Late on Aug. 28, Tropical Storm Juliette formed just west of the coast of Baja California, Mexico, and two other low pressure areas developed south and southeast of the storm.

Fires plague Portugal
Portugal's north has been plagued with wildfires due to drought, high temperatures, and strong winds.

A completely new atomic crystal dynamic of the white pigment titanium dioxide discovered
Titanium dioxide is an inexpensive, yet versatile material. It is used as a pigment in wall paint, as a biocompatible coating in medical implants, as a catalyst in the chemical industry and as UV protection in sunscreen.

Mega-canyon discovered beneath Greenland ice sheet
A previously unknown canyon hidden beneath two kilometres of ice covering Greenland has been discovered by a group of scientists, led by a team from the University of Bristol.

AGU Fall Meeting: Press registration open, book hotel now
Discover the latest Earth and space science news at the 46th annual AGU Fall Meeting this Dec., when about 20,000 scientists from around the globe are expected to assemble for the largest worldwide conference in the geophysical sciences.

Now hear this: Scientists discover compound to prevent noise-related hearing loss
Your mother was right when she warned you that loud music could damage your hearing, but now scientists have discovered exactly what gets damaged and how.

Poverty impairs cognitive function
Poverty consumes so much mental energy that those in poor circumstances have little remaining brainpower to concentrate on other areas of life, a new study led by University of British Columbia professor Jiaying Zhao finds.

New imaging technology promising for several types of cancer
Researchers from University Hospitals Case Medical Center have published findings that a new form of imaging -- PET/MRI -- is promising for several types of cancer.

Are you an avid Facebook user? It's all about your nucleus accumbens
A person's intensity of Facebook use can be predicted by activity in a reward-related area of the brain, according to a new study published in the open-access journal Frontiers in Human Neuroscience.

Almost as sensitive as a dog's nose
Using carbon nanotubes, a research team led by Professor Hyung Gyu Park in collaboration with US researcher Tiziana Bond has developed a sensor that greatly amplifies the sensitivity of commonly used but typically weak vibrational spectroscopic methods, such as Raman spectroscopy.

Human heart disease recently found in chimpanzees
While in the past century there have been several documented examples of young, healthy athletes who have died suddenly of heart disease during competitive sporting events, a new study finds that this problem also extends to chimpanzees.

Indigenous communities deploy high-tech mapmaking to staunch global land grab
With governments, loggers, miners and palm oil producers poaching their lands with impunity, indigenous leaders from 17 countries gathered on a remote island in Sumatra this week to launch a global fight for their rights that will take advantage of powerful mapping tools combined with indigenous knowledge to mark traditional boundaries.

Collaboration the theme for annual research conference
A conference hosted by Plymouth Hospitals NHS Trust will be the focus for collaborative health research projects between the hospital and Plymouth University.

Unexpected use of former cancer drug
Researchers at Lund University have unexpectedly discovered that an old cancer drug can be used to prevent rejection of transplanted tissue.

Alcohol breaks brain connections needed to process social cues
Alcohol intoxication reduces communication between two areas of the brain that work together to properly interpret and respond to social signals, according to researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago College of Medicine.

Doubling the daily allowance of protein intake with diet and exercise protects muscle loss
A new report appearing in the Sept. issue of The FASEB Journal challenges the long-held adage that significant muscle loss is unavoidable when losing weight through exercise and diet.

Research suggests terror bird's beak was worse than its bite
Analysis of fossilized remains of the two meter tall terror bird (Gastornis) indicate that was unlikely to have been a carnivore.

Newly discovered weakness in cancer cells make them more susceptible to chemotherapy
A new weakness discovered in cancer cells may cause increased susceptibility to chemotherapy and other treatments.

Jailed men express need for financial education
Incarcerated men know they will need better financial skills to succeed when they're released from prison, but most distrust the system, are more open to educators from outside their facility, and believe they need personal rather than classroom instruction, said Angela Wiley, a U of I professor of applied family studies and co-author of the article published in a recent issue of the Journal of Financial Counseling and Planning.

Digesting milk in Ethiopia: A case of multiple genetic adaptations
A genetic phenomenon that allows for the selection of multiple genetic mutations that all lead to a similar outcome -- for instance the ability to digest milk -- has been characterized for the first time in humans.

The price of poverty
The accumulation of money woes and day-to-day worries leaves many low-income individuals not only struggling financially, but cognitively, Harvard economist Sendhil Mullainathan said.

Penn study: Protein that protects nucleus also regulates stem cell differentiation
The fact that bone is rigid and mechanically distinct from soft fat or brain had been speculated to play some role in differentiation to new cells in those parts of the body, but mechanisms have been unclear.

Feinstein Institute researchers track Huntington's disease progression using PET scans
Investigators at The Feinstein Institute for Medical Research have discovered a new way to measure the progression of Huntington's disease, using positron emission tomography to scan the brains of carriers of the gene.

Transparent artificial muscle plays Grieg to prove a point
A completely transparent, gel-based audio speaker represents the first demonstration that electrical charges carried by ions, rather than electrons, can be put to meaningful use in fast-moving, high-voltage devices.

Customer satisfaction increases the value and interest of company shares for institutional investors
How do institutional investors react to customer satisfaction with companies on the stock market?

Dieting for obese mothers just before pregnancy may not be enough
If you are obese, and hoping to lose weight before conception, some of the epigenetic damage might have already been done. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to