Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 02, 2013
Rim Fire update Sept. 02, 2013
The Rim Fire in and around Yosemite National Park, which began on Aug.

Red cedar tree study shows that Clean Air Act is reducing pollution, improving forests
A collaborative project involving a Kansas State University ecologist has shown that the Clean Air Act has helped forest systems recover from decades of sulfur pollution and acid rain.

LEGATO at the 6th International ESP Conference
On August 28th the LEGATO project team held a successful workshop on rice ecosystem services and ecological engineering at the 6th Annual International Conference of the Ecosystem Services Partnership.

Maternal posttraumatic stress disorder associated with increased risk for child maltreatment
Posttraumatic stress disorder in mothers appears to be associated with an increased risk for child maltreatment beyond that associated with maternal depression, according to a study published by JAMA Pediatrics, a JAMA Network publication.

Gap in earnings persists between male and female physicians, research letter suggests
A gap in earnings between male and female US physicians has persisted over the last 20 years, according to a research letter by Seth A.

Salamanders under threat from deadly skin-eating fungus
A new species of fungus that eats amphibians' skin has ravaged the fire salamander population in the Netherlands, bringing it close to regional extinction.

Common blood pressure drug reduces aortic enlargement in Marfan syndrome
A common drug that is used to treat high blood pressure in the general population has been found to significantly reduce a dangerous and frequently fatal cardiac problem in patients with Marfan syndrome.

Study estimates costs of health-care-associated infections
A study estimates that total annual costs for five major health care-associated infections were $9.8 billion, with surgical site infections contributing the most to overall costs, according to a report published by JAMA Internal Medicine, a JAMA Network publication.

A fly's hearing
University of Iowa researchers say that the common fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster, is an ideal model to study hearing loss in humans caused by loud noise.

The future of biodiversity publishing
The EU e-Infrastructure coordination project

Following a Mediterranean diet not associated with delay to clinical onset of Huntington's disease
Adhering to a Mediterranean-type diet does not appear associated with the time to clinical onset of Huntington's disease, according to a study by Karen Marder, M.D., M.P.H., of Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, N.Y., and colleagues.

Action-inaction balance in cultural values more common in East Asian countries
On this Labor Day 2013 a University of Pennsylvania study looks at the difference between action and inaction depending on what country you are in.

Phone app helps doctors make right call in treating heart patients
A smart phone app could help doctors more easily identify patients who are at risk of dying within three years a heart attack.

Boy interrupted: Y-chromosome mutations reveal precariousness of male development
By studying rare families in which a daughter shares the same Y chromosome as her father, Michael Weiss, M.D., Ph.D., and his colleagues at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine have determined that the pathway for male sexual development is not as consistent and robust as scientists have always assumed.

Researchers create tool to predict kidney failure or death after injury
Researchers from Brigham and Women's Hospital have developed a risk score calculation that can help predict which patients with rhabdomyolysis (a condition that occurs due to muscle damage) may be at risk for the severe complication of kidney failure or death.

Exploitation of Indian workers on 457 visas
Recent research, by Dr Selvaraj Velayutham published in a forthcoming issue of The Economic and Labour Relations Review, published by SAGE, details the exploitation of Indian immigrant workers in Australia on 457 visas.

The true raw material footprint of nations
Using a new modelling tool and more comprehensive indicators, researchers were able to map the flow of raw materials across the world economy with unprecedented accuracy to determine the true

TAVI is safe alternative to redo cardiac surgery
TAVI is a safe alternative to redo cardiac surgery for failing bioprosthetic valves, according to research presented at the ESC Congress today by Dr.

Wellcome Trust & KU Leuven announce collaboration with Janssen for dengue drug development
Researchers at the University of Leuven (KU Leuven) are joining forces with Janssen Pharmaceuticals Inc.

Penn biologists show that generosity leads to evolutionary success
With new insights into the classical game theory match-up known as the

Recommendations on how to move the naming of organisms from paper and on to the Internet
The EU e-Infrastructure coordination project

Added benefit of lisdexamfetamine is not proven
The short-term study on the new ADHD drug was unsuitable for several reasons, mainly because the treatment was not conducted as part of a comprehensive treatment program.

Giant Triassic amphibian was a burrowing youngster
During the Triassic Period Krasiejów, Poland had a warm climate and was populated by giant amphibians, such as Metoposaurus diagnosticus.

Treatment with the anti-diabetic drug alogliptin does not increase CV risk in patients with ACS
Patients with Type 2 diabetes and high cardiovascular risk due to recent acute coronary syndromes had similar rates of cardiovascular events when treated with the anti-diabetic agent alogliptin compared to placebo according to results of the Examination of Cardiovascular Outcomes with Alogliptin versus Standard of Care trial presented at the European Society of Cardiology Congress.

Research could lead to a new test to predict women at risk of pregnancy complications
The researchers, led by Dr. Richard Unwin and Dr Jenny Myers from the Manchester Biomedical Research Centre, a partnership between the Trust and the University analysed samples which had been collected as part of the international SCOPE study at 15 weeks of pregnancy -- before any clinical signs of disease are present.

Research identifies how mouth cells resist Candida infection
Candida albicans is a common fungus found living in, and on, many parts of the human body.

Study finds language and tool-making skills evolved at the same time
Research by the University of Liverpool has found that the same brain activity is used for language production and making complex tools, supporting the theory that they evolved at the same time.

Drug reduces hospitalizations and cost of treating young children with sickle cell anemia
A drug proven effective for treatment of adults and children with sickle cell anemia reduced hospitalizations and cut annual estimated medical costs by 21 percent for affected infants and toddlers, according to an analysis led by St.

TAVI feasible in bicuspid aortic valve
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is feasible in patients with bicuspid aortic valve, according to research presented at ESC Congress 2013 today by Dr.

NUS study highlights effectiveness of community-based cardiac rehabilitation
Over 200 patients who completed the Singapore Heart Foundation's Heart Wellness Programme demonstrated improvements in cardiac risk factors.

Recommendations for removing copyright hurdles to scientific research
The EU e-Infrastructure coordination project

Oldest land-living animal from Godwana found
A postdoctoral fellow from Wits University has discovered the oldest known land-living animal from Gondwana in a remote part of the Eastern Cape.

Women less likely to die after TAVI than men
Women are 25 percent less likely to die one year after TAVI than men, according to research presented at the ESC Congress today by Dr.

Study shows patient-centered medical home philosophy boosts patient, physician satisfaction
A study to be posted in JAMA Internal Medicine highlights a new joint program between the University of California, Los Angeles and the University of Southern California.

Soot suspect in mid-1800s Alps glacier retreat
Scientists have uncovered strong evidence that soot, or black carbon, sent into the air by a rapidly industrializing Europe, likely caused the abrupt retreat of mountain glaciers in the European Alps.

Evidence of production of luxury textiles and extraction of copper from unknown part of Cypriote Bronze Age city
A Swedish archaeological expedition from the University of Gothenburg has excavated a previously unknown part of the Bronze Age city Hala Sultan Tekke (around 1600-1100 BC).

Mouse groups reveal complex relationships
In mouse groups, Weizmann Institute scientists find an inverse link between environmental and social complexity.

Facebook intervention leads to increased HIV testing among high-risk men
Below is information about articles being published in the Sept.

Frogs that hear with their mouth
Gardiner's frogs from the Seychelles islands, one of the smallest frogs in the world, do not possess a middle ear with an eardrum yet can croak themselves, and hear other frogs.

Pacemaker for slow heart rhythm restores life expectancy
The FollowPace study provides detailed documentation of current standard pacemaker care in a large representative sample of western pacemaker clinics.

Level playing field for Clostridium difficile diagnosis
The largest study of its kind has shown the most effective test for the diagnosis of Clostridium difficile, a bacterial infection which causes 15,000-20,000 deaths a year in hospitals in the United States.

ASSURE study of experimental agent to raise HDL yields 'disappointing and surprising' results
The search continues for an agent that increases high-density lipoprotein and reduces arterial plaque, after the experimental apolipoprotein A1 (apoA1) inducer, RVX-208 failed to do so in the ApoA1 Synthesis Stimulation and Intravascular Ultrasound for Coronary Atheroma Regression Evaluation study.

Scientists sequence genome of high-value grape, seek secrets of wine's aroma
United Nations University's Venezuela-based BIOLAC programme announces twin biotech breakthroughs, marks 25 years of advancing economic and health interests throughout Latin America and Caribbean.

Primate calls, like human speech, can help infants form categories
Human infants' responses to the vocalizations of non-human primates shed light on the developmental origin of a crucial link between human language and core cognitive capacities, a new study reports. Previous studies have shown that even in infants too young to speak, listening to human speech supports core cognitive processes, including the formation of object categories. Researchers documented that this link is initially broad enough to include the vocalizations of non-human primates.  

Long-held assumption about emergence of new species questioned
Darwin referred to the origin of species as

International criminal courts and tribunals work with unclear legal theory
The daunting task of international criminal courts and tribunals to adjudicate core international crimes such as genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity is complicated by uncertainty in the interpretation of legal theory in international criminal law.

Risk factors for cardiovascular problems found to be inverse to disease and deaths
Risk factors for cardiovascular disease was lowest in low income countries, intermediate in middle income countries and highest in high income countries.

Metabolically healthy women have same CVD risk regardless of BMI
A Danish study followed 261,489 women with no prior history of cardiovascular disease for an average of five years.

Less pain for kids, with robotic intravenous device
A new prototype device for rapid and safe IV insertion reduces pain in hospitalized children.

Prehistoric climate change due to cosmic crash in Canada
For the first time, a dramatic global climate shift has been linked to the impact in Quebec of an asteroid or comet, Dartmouth researchers and their colleagues report in a new study.
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