Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 03, 2013
University of Tennessee nursing professors aim to prepare Appalachian region for the worst
Nursing professors in the Global Disaster Nursing program are working with architecture and environmental engineering professors, law enforcement professionals, graduate students and Clay County community partners to improve Clay County, Kentucky's community wellness and disaster preparedness.

Infections cause lower proportion of lead extractions than expected
The European Lead Extraction ConTRolled Registry is the first large prospective, multicenter, European controlled registry of consecutive patients undergoing transvenous lead extraction procedures in European real world practice.

Mayo Clinic restores disrupted heartbeat with regenerative intervention
Mayo Clinic researchers have found a way to resynchronize cardiac motion following a heart attack using stem cells.

Peritoneal dialysis as an intervention for stroke patients
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Jose Sanchez-Prieto and colleagues at the Universidad Complutense demonstrate that peritoneal dialysis is an effective treatment for reducing glutamate levels in the blood following a stroke event.

Lessons from the worm: How the elderly can live an active life
When the tiny roundworm C. elegans reaches middle age -- at about 2 weeks old -- it can't quite move like it did in the bloom of youth.

Soccer matches and concerts from any angle you choose
In future, soccer and music fans will be able to choose the camera angle when watching live matches and concerts on TV, or even enjoy a 360-degree view of proceedings: all thanks to a new panorama camera that is small, robust, and easy to operate.

Study examines ways to restore immunity to chronic hepatitis C infection
The hepatitis C virus hijacks the body's immune system, leaving T cells unable to function.

Enhanced luminal breast tumor response to antiestrogen therapy
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Rebecca Cook and colleagues at Vanderbilt University, found that expression of an oncogene, ERBB3, was enhanced in luminal breast cancers compared to other breast cancer subtypes.

Advancing graphene for post-silicon computer logic
A team of researchers from the University of California, Riverside's Bourns College of Engineering have solved a problem that previously presented a serious hurdle for the use of graphene in electronic devices.

Researchers develop specific tests to identify cancer biomarkers in dermatomyositis
Researchers from major universities in the US have developed specific tests to identify cancer biomarkers in patients with dermatomyositis -- a systemic inflammatory disease associated with increased risk of malignancy.

Death by asexuality: IU biologists uncover new path for mutations to arise
Ground-breaking new research from a team of evolutionary biologists at Indiana University shows for the first time how asexual lineages of a species are doomed not necessarily from a long, slow accumulation of new mutations, but rather from fast-paced gene conversion processes that simply unmask pre-existing deleterious recessive mutations.

Sleep boosts production of brain support cells
Sleep increases the reproduction of the cells that go on to form the insulating material on nerve cell projections in the brain and spinal cord known as myelin, according to an animal study published in the Sept.

Researchers propose a new system for quantum simulation
Researchers from the universities in Mainz, Frankfurt, Hamburg, and Ulm have proposed a new platform for quantum simulation.

New recombinant antibody can isolate stem cells from umbilical cord blood
A new recombinant antibody can detect and isolate mesenchymal stem cells, a nonembryonic source of stem cells with promising applications in tissue engineering, blood stem cell transplantation, and treatments for immune-mediated disorders.

Roll-out of community voluntary male circumcision is linked to reduced HIV infection levels
Roll-out of voluntary male circumcision services into the community of Orange Farm, South Africa is linked to substantial reductions in HIV infection levels, according to a study published in this week's PLOS Medicine.

New book by Baylor psychologist Gary Elkins explores use of hypnotic relaxation therapy
Baylor University psychologist Gary Elkins has written a training manual about the basics of hypnotherapy and its wide application of uses.

From birth to death in 4 days: Kiko now a remnant low
A lot of things happen over a holiday weekend, and while people in the United States were celebrating Labor Day weekend, the Eastern Pacific Ocean's Tropical Storm Kiko came and went.

Stressful life events significantly raise the risk of falls in older men
A study of around 5,000 older men has shown that stressful life events such as death of a loved one, or serious financial problems, significantly raised the risk of falls in the year following the incident.

Association between hormone replacement therapy use and breast cancer risk varies
Breast cancer risk associated with use of hormone replacement therapy among postmenopausal women was variable when analyzed by race/ethnicity, body mass index, and breast density, according to a new study published Sept.

Elsevier announces the launch of a new journal: International Journal of Marine Energy
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, today announced the launch of the International Journal of Marine Energy, a new journal devoted to publishing fundamental and applied research and case studies relevant to all forms of marine and ocean energy.

Uncontrolled hypertension is common, but untreated, worldwide
A global study has found that many patients don't know they have hypertension and, even if they do, too few are receiving adequate drug therapy for their hypertension.

Risk factors help predict outcomes for children with rare heart condition
A long-term study of children with a complex heart condition called hypertrophic cardiomyopathy found that risk factors identified at diagnosis helped predict outcomes.

New research shows that Richard III suffered from roundworm infection
Researchers based at the University of Cambridge and the University of Leicester have uncovered evidence that Richard III suffered from a roundworm infection, according to a Clinical Picture published in The Lancet.

Friends' Facebook, Myspace photos affect risky behavior among teens
A longitudinal study of 1,563 10th-grade students in Los Angeles County found that teenagers were more likely to smoke or drink alcohol if their friends posted photos of smoking or drinking on online social networking sites like Facebook or Myspace.

French Tour de France cyclists live longer than their non-cyclist countrymen
French participants in the Tour de France between 1947 and 2012 lived longer than their same-age French counterparts according to the results of a study marking the centenary of the race this year.

Multinational study shows need for substantial improvement in hypertension diagnosis and treatment
In a study that included more than 140,000 participants from 17 countries of varying income levels, researchers found a large gap between both detection and control of hypertension across all countries studied, with just over half of participants with hypertension aware of their diagnosis, and about one-third of those being treated for hypertension successfully controlling their blood pressure, according to a study in the Sept.

Potential epilepsy drug discovered using zebrafish
An antihistamine discovered in the 1950s to treat itching may also prevent seizures in an intractable form of childhood epilepsy, according to researchers at UC San Francisco who tested it in zebrafish bred to mimic the disease.

10 outstanding ASTRO members named fellows
The American Society for Radiation Oncology has selected 10 distinguished members to receive the Fellow of ASTRO designation.

IT monitoring effective in deterring restaurant fraud
For many firms, losing significant revenue and profit to employee theft has been a cost of doing business.

ACL injuries may be prevented by different landing strategy
Women are two to eight times more likely than men to suffer a debilitating tear of the anterior cruciate ligament in the knee and a new study suggests that a combination of body type and landing techniques may be to blame.

September 2013 story tips
Families of thousands of victims of social violence may gain closure, and killers may receive appropriate punishment, because of a suite of technologies able to locate clandestine graves.

JCI early table of contents for Sept. 3, 2013
This release contains summaries, links to PDFs, and contact information for the following newsworthy papers to be published online, Sept.

Synthetic polymer could stop the spread of HIV
A precisely designed macromolecule that mimics the binding of HIV to immune system cells could be used to stop the virus from physically entering the body, according to a new study led by a materials scientist at Queen Mary University of London.

Fish embryos possess a mechanism for protection against chemicals
Researchers at the Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research and the Swiss Eawag aquatic research institute, have discovered a protein which transports chemicals out of the embryo of the zebrafish and in this way protects the embryo against toxic substances.

Scientists fish for new epilepsy model and reel in potential drug
According to new research on epilepsy, zebrafish have certainly earned their stripes.

Low BMI is a risk factor for CVD in hypertensive patients with diabetes
The findings of this study provide evidence for an obesity paradox in hypertensive patients with glucose intolerance.

New evidence to aid search for charge 'stripes' in superconductors
Scientists at Brookhaven National Laboratory used an indirect method to detect fluctuating

Study finds poor blacks likely to get worse nursing home care
If you're poor and aging in America, the golden years may not be pretty, especially if you are black.

Creating a 'window' to the brain
A team of University of California, Riverside researchers have developed a novel transparent skull implant that literally provides a

Ocean acidification: Making new discoveries through National Science Foundation research grants
With increasing levels of carbon dioxide accumulating in the atmosphere and moving into marine systems, the world's oceans are becoming more acidic.

Multi-drug pills help people stick to heart disease prevention regimens
People are much more likely to take preventive medicines if they're combined in one pill, an international study has found.

Menopausal women at greater risk for asthma hospitalization
Asthma is a disease that mostly affects young boys and adult women.

Developing & delivering interventions for pregnancy to reduce mother & child deaths
A global group of experts has established research priorities addressing care for women prior to pregnancy, in a consensus statement published in PLOS Medicine this week.

Brain study uncovers vital clue in bid to beat epilepsy
People with epilepsy could be helped by new research into the way a key molecule controls brain activity during a seizure.

Scientists identify key predictors of death and transplantation in children with heart muscle disease
US scientists have identified key risk factors that predict which children with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, the most common cause of sudden death in young people, are at greatest risk of death or need for heart transplant -- information that could help physicians figure out who will benefit most from transplant surgery.

Researchers discover breakthrough technique that could make electronics smaller and better
An international group of researchers from the University of Minnesota, Argonne National Laboratory and Seoul National University have discovered a groundbreaking technique in manufacturing nanostructures that has the potential to make electrical and optical devices smaller and better than ever before.

Cleveland Clinic research finds blood pressure drug tends to slow coronary disease
Patients with clogged and hardened arteries who already have their blood pressure under control may benefit from an additional blood pressure-lowering medication, according to research from the Cleveland Clinic Coordinating Center for Clinical Research.

The 'weakest link' in the aging proteome
Proteins are the chief actors in cells, carrying out the duties specified by information encoded in our genes.

Can you predict complications with back surgery? Preoperative factors increase risk
For older adults undergoing surgery for spinal stenosis, some simple indicators of poor preoperative health predict a high risk of major medical complications, reports a study in the September 1 issue of Spine.

Twitter and privacy: 1-in-5 tweets divulge user location
Hashtag #doyouknowwhoswatchingyou? A new study from USC researchers sampled more than 15 million tweets, showing that even Twitter users who have opted-out of location tagging may be inadvertently revealing where they are through updates on the social media channel.

Tissue loss triggers regeneration in planarian flatworms
By investigating regeneration in planarian flatworms, Whitehead Institute researchers have identified a mechanism -- involving the interplay of two wound-induced genes -- by which the animal can distinguish between wounds that require regeneration and those that do not.

4 UCLA stem cell researchers receive CIRM Early Translational grants
Four prominent researchers from UCLA's Eli & Edythe Broad Center of Regenerative Medicine and Stem Cell Research have received Early Translational research awards totaling approximately $13 million from the California Institute for Regenerative Medicine the state stem cell agency.

Why parenting can never have a rule book
Any parent will tell you that there is no simple recipe for raising a child.

An easier way to control genes
MIT researchers have shown that they can turn genes on or off inside yeast and human cells by controlling when DNA is copied into messenger RNA -- an advance that could allow scientists to better understand the function of those genes.

Tattoos reduce chances of getting a job, new research says
Having a tattoo can reduce your chance of getting a job, but it depends on where the tattoo is, what it depicts and if the job involves dealing with customers, new research says.

Breakthrough model holds promise for treating Graves' disease
Researchers have developed the first animal model simulating the eye complications associated with the thyroid condition Graves' disease, a breakthrough that could pave the way for better treatments, according to a recent study accepted for publication in The Endocrine Society's journal Endocrinology.

Promiscuity and sperm selection improves genetic quality in birds
University of East Anglia research shows that females can maximize the genetic quality of their offspring by being promiscuous.

Brain wiring quiets the voice inside your head
Researchers have developed the first diagram of the brain circuitry that enables a complex interplay between the motor system and the auditory system to occur.

Whole genome sequencing provides researchers with a better understanding of bovine TB outbreaks
The use of whole bacterial genome sequencing will allow scientists to inexpensively track how bovine tuberculosis is transmitted from farm to farm, according to research presented this week at the Society of General Microbiology Autumn Conference.

BIDMC awarded NIH grant to study new treatment for spinal cord injuries
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center has been awarded a grant from the National Institutes of Health to investigate the use of a new noninvasive neurophysiologic intervention for the treatment of spinal cord injuries.

Comparison of antibody levels for 4 different immunization schedules for PCVs
The use of four different 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine immunization schedules in healthy term infants resulted in no statistically significant differences in antibody levels between the infants after the booster dose at 12 months of age for almost all serotypes, according to a study in the Sept.

Research confirms Mediterranean diet is good for the mind
Many pieces of research have identified a link between adherence to a Mediterranean diet and a lower risk of age-related disease such as dementia.

The 2014 HFSP Nakasone Award goes to Uri Alon
The Human Frontier Science Program Organization is pleased to announce that the 2014 HFSP Nakasone Award has been conferred upon Uri Alon of the Weizmann Institute of Science for his pioneering work in discovering network motifs.

Size really does not matter when it comes to high blood pressure
Removing one of the tiniest organs in the body has shown to provide effective treatment for high blood pressure.

National Sleep Foundation 2013 Bedroom Poll explores sleep differences among 6 countries
The National Sleep Foundation released its first international poll today, the 2013 International Bedroom Poll, comparing sleep times, attitudes, habits and bedtime routines of those in the United States, Canada, Mexico, the United Kingdom, Germany and Japan between the ages of 25 and 55 years old.

Scientists, practitioners, religious communities urge collaborative action to save our planet
September's Special Issue of Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment brings together the perspectives of anthropologists, architects, city planners, ecologists, engineers, ranchers, members of religious communities and others on ways to foster Earth Stewardship -- defined here as taking action to sustain life in a rapidly changing world.

Microencapsulation produces uniform drug release vehicle
Consistently uniform, easily manufactured microcapsules containing a brain cancer drug may simplify treatment and provide more tightly controlled therapy, according to Penn State researchers.

Body weight influences both the physical and mental quality of life
Body weight has a great influence on our quality of life.

Scientists discover new bat species in West Africa
An international team of scientists, including biologists from, the University of York, has discovered five new species of bats in West Africa.

Young people at higher risk for stroke
Fifteen percent of the most common type of strokes occur in adolescents and young adults, and more young people are showing risk factors for such strokes, according to a consensus statement published in the journal Neurology.

Effect of iron supplementation among children living in malaria-endemic area on incidence of malaria
Children in a malaria-endemic community in Ghana who received a micronutrient powder with iron did not have an increased incidence of malaria, according to a study in the Sept.

Facebook use by organizations during crises helps public image, MU study finds
Researchers at the University of Missouri School of Journalism have found that posting public relations information on Facebook during a time of crisis can improve the overall image of the organization that is experiencing the crisis.

Nursing students lack effective role models for infection prevention: Study
100 percent of student nurses surveyed observed lapses in infection prevention and control practices during their clinical placements, according to a British study published in the September issue of the American Journal of Infection Control, the official publication of the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology.

Stress-related protein speeds progression of Alzheimer's disease
A stress-related protein genetically linked to depression, anxiety and other psychiatric disorders contributes to the acceleration of Alzheimer's disease, a new study led by researchers at the University of South Florida has found.

Insulin status is important determinant of weight reduction on vascular function
Researchers from Boston University School of Medicine and Boston Medical Center have found that among obese people who had lost considerable weight, those with high insulin levels -- a marker of insulin resistance in the body -- were the most likely to experience better blood vessel function following the weight loss.

Iranian telegraph operator, first to propose earthquake early warning system
In 1909, an Iranian telegraph operator living in the remote desert town of Kerman noticed an unusual movement of the magnetic needle of his telegraph instrument.

Life without insulin is possible
Several millions of people around the world suffer from insulin deficiencies.

Pedi-Flite improves outcomes and reduces costs for pediatric diabetic patients
Providing families with diabetic children access via pager to a transport team improves outcomes and efficiency, according to a recent study performed at Le Bonheur Children's Hospital and The University of Tennessee Health Science Center.

Study evaluates prevalence of diabetes among adults in China
A study based on a nationally representative sample of adults in China in 2010 indicates that nearly 12 percent of Chinese adults had diabetes and the prevalence of prediabetes was about 50 percent, according to a study in the Sept.

NASA satellite sees Tropical Storm Toraji's concentrated center approaching Japan
NASA satellite imagery showed strong thunderstorms circled Tropical Storm Toraji's center as the storm approached southern Japan today.

Scientists edge closer towards first pancreatitis treatment
20,000 people admitted to UK hospitals annually with pancreatitis -- leads to around a 1000 deaths annually.

Atom-based analogues to electronic devices
Scientists have pushed back the boundaries of atom-based transport, creating a current by characterizing the many-body effects in the transport of the atoms along a periodic lattice.

Making plants' inner qualities visible
Not only psychologists would be happy to be able to look inside their patients' heads -- a plant's

Electromagnets guide heart device implantation, reduce radiation exposure
Electromagnetic tracking -- similar to GPS tracking -- may be a safer, faster way to implant a heart pacing device.

Despite missing primary efficacy endpoint, ATOMIC-AHF identifies positive trends
Omecamtiv mecarbil, a cardiac myosin-activator, did not achieve its primary efficacy endpoint in reducing shortness of breath in patients with acute heart failure, according to the results of the phase II Acute Treatment with Omecamtiv Mecarbil to Increase Contractility in Acute Heart Failure study.

Frontiers news briefs: Sept. 4
This week's news briefs include: a new first study shows that echolocation in bats works better than eyesight and a review provides evidence that playing video games can boost cognition.

Revolving images and multi-image keys open new horizons in descriptive taxonomy
A paper recently published in the open access journal ZooKeys presents an innovative case study aiming to overcome the challenges faced by taxonomists in describing complex structures essential for species description and identification.

Hormone may help fight obesity and reduce cholesterol
Research has shown that giving obese rodents a recently identified circulating protein called fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) helps improve their metabolism.

How soot forced the end of the Little Ice Age in 1860s Europe
Coal soot shrank the Alpine glaciers in mid-19th-century Europe, according to new findings that show how black carbon alone -- even without warmer temperatures -- can affect ice and snow cover.

UF scientists encounter holes in tree of life, push for better data storage
When it comes to public access, the tree of life has holes.

Proof of Solomon's mines found in Israel
New findings from an archaeological excavation led by Tel Aviv University's Dr.

Buildings of the future
More than $2 million in funding -- made possible by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council, Hydro-Québec, Natural Resources Canada and Régulvar -- will create the new Senior NSERC Industrial Research Chair in

Being underweight increases death risk of CAD women by 2-fold
This study finds that maintaining weight lowered the risk of death in obese women with CAD (HR=0.36, p=0.06 ).

Blind mole-rats are resistant to chemically induced cancers
Like naked mole-rats (Heterocephalus gaber), blind mole-rats (of the genus Spalax) live underground in low-oxygen environments, are long-lived and resistant to cancer.

University of Houston launches first nanotech company
C-Voltaics will manufacture competitively priced coatings designed to protect fabric, wood, glass and other products from water, stains, dust and other environmental hazards.

Hepatitis B immunization program in Taiwan associated with reduction in chronic liver disease deaths
The researchers found that from 1977-1980 to 2001-2004, the age- and sex-adjusted rate ratios for individuals five to 29 years of age decreased by more than 90 percent for CLD and HCC mortality and by more than 80 percent for HCC incidence, which were higher than the previously reported reduction (70 percent) in HCC incidence for youth six to 19 years of age.

Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine publishes Sept. conference issue
The Sept. issue of the Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine focuses on,

Cleveland Clinic research finds no benefit over placebo in ASSURE trial
Patients with coronary artery disease and low levels of

Penn develops computer model that will help design flexible touchscreens
A research collaboration between the University of Pennsylvania and Duke University has shown a new a way to design transparent conductors using metal nanowires that could enable less expensive -- and flexible -- touchscreens.

Biomarker assessment in suspected ACS could be practice-changing: BIC-8 results
An emergency department strategy that uses two biomarkers to triage patients with suspected acute coronary syndrome (ACS) can increase the rate of early, safe hospital discharge, according to results of the Biomarkers in Cardiology 8 (BIC-8) trial.

Birds choose sweet-smelling mates
For most animals, scent is the instant messenger of choice for quickly exchanging personal profiles.

Medication does not slow progression of coronary disease in patients with prehypertension
Among patients with prehypertension and coronary artery disease, use of the renin (an enzyme secreted by the kidneys) inhibitor aliskiren, compared with placebo, did not result in improvement or slowing in the progression of coronary atherosclerosis, according to a study published by JAMA.

Clay key to high-temperature supercapacitors
Clay, an abundant and cheap natural material, is a key ingredient in a supercapacitor that can operate at very high temperatures, according to Rice University researchers who have developed such a device.

Fires in Bolivia Aug. 31, 2013
Fires burned throughout Bolivia in late Aug. The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA's Aqua satellite captured this natural-color image on Aug.

Robotic surgery complications underreported, Johns Hopkins Study suggests
Despite widespread adoption by hospitals of surgical robot technology over the past decade, a

Proteins in histone group might influence cancer development, study shows
Spool-like proteins called histones play a crucial role in packaging the nearly seven feet of DNA found in most human cells.

Single combination pill provides benefit to patients with or at risk of CVD
In a randomized trial that included about 2,000 patients with or at high risk of cardiovascular disease, use of a fixed-dose combination medication for blood pressure, cholesterol, and platelet control compared to usual care resulted in significantly improved medication adherence after 15 months and small improvements in systolic blood pressure and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, according to a study in the Sept.

Massive storm pulls water and ammonia ices from Saturn's depths
Once every 30 years or so, or roughly one Saturnian year, a monster storm rips across the northern hemisphere of the ringed planet.

Degree is no protection against under-employment, research shows
Having a degree or other qualifications is no protection against under-employment in Britain, new research shows.

Hot Line IV: Late-breaking trials on heart failure and acute coronary syndrome
The blood pressure lowering drug aliskiren did not improve coronary artery disease when given to patients who had prehypertension, results of the Aliskiren Quantitative Atherosclerosis Regression Intravascular Ultrasound study reveal.

Aging really is 'in your head'
Among scientists, the role of proteins called sirtuins in enhancing longevity has been hotly debated, driven by contradictory results from many different scientists.

New strategically important hard metal developed in Finland
Over the past three years VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland has been working with Finnish-based Exote Ltd to develop a new hard metal and the necessary manufacturing process.

Ease of access improves fruit and vegetable consumption
A new study from Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center shows that community-supported agriculture programs may be a feasible approach for providing fresh fruits and vegetables to under-resourced communities.

Fear of holes may stem from evolutionary survival response
New research suggests that trypophobia -- a fear of holes -- may occur as a result of a specific visual feature also found among various poisonous animals.

Efforts to ensure earlier diagnosis of HIV infection across Europe are still needed
Late diagnosis of HIV infection and entry into care remains a substantial problem across Europe according to a study published in this week's PLOS Medicine.

Discovery helps to unlock brain's speech-learning mechanism
By studying songbirds, scientists are uncovering the mechanism that allows juveniles to learn speech through imitation.

Goldschmidt2014 -- The world's most important Geochemistry conference
Following the extensive press coverage of Goldschmidt2014 in Florence last week -- make a note of the 2014 conference in Sacramento, CA.

New research identifies a possible finite number of viruses
EcoHealth Alliance, a nonprofit organization that focuses on local conservation and global health issues, and the Center for Infection and Immunity at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health announced a new strategy to identify the total number of wildlife viruses that could potentially cause emerging disease outbreaks that threaten both public and wildlife health.

First estimate of total viruses in mammals
Scientists estimate that there is a minimum of 320,000 viruses in mammals awaiting discovery.

Ground breaking research identifies promising drugs for treating Parkinson's
New drugs which may have the potential to stop faulty brain cells dying and slow down the progression of Parkinson's, have been identified by scientists in a pioneering study which is the first of its kind.
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