Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 08, 2013
Reverse combustion? Turning carbon dioxide from burning fossil fuel back into fuel
With almost 40 billion tons of carbon dioxide released each year from burning coal, gasoline, diesel and other fossil fuels in the United States alone, scientists are seeking ways to turn the tables on the number one greenhouse gas and convert it back into fuel.

Toward understanding the health effects of waterpipe or 'hookah' smoking
With water pipes or hookahs gaining popularity, scientists today described a step toward establishing their health risks.

Large international study of COPD drug finds 2 types of inhalers equally safe and effective
An international study led by a Johns Hopkins pulmonary expert finds that the drug tiotropium (marketed as the Spiriva brand), can be delivered safely and effectively to people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in both

Fumes from military small arms lead to decline in lung function
Exposure to fumes released during the firing of military small arms can lead to a decline in lung function, according to a new study.

New weapons on the way to battle wicked weeds
A somber picture of the struggle against super-weeds emerged here today as scientists described the relentless spread of herbicide-resistant menaces like pigweed and horseweed that shrug off powerful herbicides and have forced farmers in some areas to return to hand-held hoes.

Nobel laureates and their research teams at American Chemical Society meeting
New discoveries from the labs of several Nobel laureates will be presented here this week during the 246th National Meeting & Exposition of the American Chemical Society, the world's largest scientific society.

New 'Heroes of Chemistry' developed products that improve health and protect food supply
The scientists responsible for four inventions that affect the lives of millions of people around the globe will be inducted into the highly prized scientific

Argan powder found in some cosmetics linked with occupational asthma
Argan powder, which is used by the cosmetic industry in the production of foundation products, could be linked with occupational asthma.

Explaining why so many cases of cardiac arrest strike in the morning
Evidence from people with heart disease strongly supports the existence of the molecular link first discovered in laboratory mice between the body's natural circadian rhythms and cardiac arrest or sudden cardiac death -- the No.

Tufts University convenes first 'National Dialogue on Race Day'
Calling for a broad discussion of race in America, Tufts University's Center for the Study of Race and Democracy (CSRD) is leading other educational institutions and civic groups in convening a National Dialogue on Race Day on Sept.

Synthetic mRNA can induce self-repair and regeneration of the infarcted heart
A team of scientists at Karolinska Institutet and Harvard University has taken a major step towards treatment for heart attack, by instructing the injured heart in mice to heal by expressing a factor that triggers cardiovascular regeneration driven by native heart stem cells.

Rapid diagnostic tests decrease waiting time for drug-resistant TB patients
Results of a new study suggest that three new diagnostic tests could each be used to successfully diagnose drug resistance in tuberculosis patients in a quarter of the time taken by the current method.

Researchers uncover genetic cause of childhood leukemia
For the first time, a genetic link specific to risk of childhood leukemia has been identified, according to a team of researchers from Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, St.

Fruit flies demonstrate that diet experience can alter taste preferences, USCB study shows
If you've ever wondered how you learn to like a food you dislike, a new study conducted by UC Santa Barbara's Craig Montell, Duggan Professor of Neuroscience in the Department of Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology, may offer an answer.

Study suggests fish oil could help protect alcohol abusers from dementia
A new study suggests that omega-3 fish oil might help protect against alcohol-related dementia.

Purple sweet potatoes among 'new naturals' for food and beverage colors
Mention purple sweet potatoes, black carrots or purple carrots, and people think of dining on exotic veggies.

Climate change will upset vital ocean chemical cycles
New research from the University of East Anglia shows that rising ocean temperatures will upset natural cycles of carbon dioxide, nitrogen and phosphorous.

First uses of new solar energy technology: Killing germs on medical, dental instruments
A revolutionary new solar energy technology that turns water into steam without boiling the entire container of water has become the basis for new devices to sanitize medical and dental instruments and human waste in developing countries, scientists said here today.

Water-purification plant the size of a fast-food ketchup packet saves lives
An ambitious partnership among more than 100 organizations and governments led by Procter & Gamble's nonprofit program, Children's Safe Drinking Water, has helped provide more than 6 billion quarts of clean drinking water to families in developing countries, saving an estimated 32,000 lives.

Virtual monitoring could aid adherence to TB medication
Virtual observation of patients taking their prescribed TB medication, could prove an effective technique for ensuring patients effectively complete their course of treatment.

Disparities in lung function found worldwide may impact health
A global study has found large differences in lung function between healthy people from different socioeconomic and geographical regions of the world which could impact their health.

Science supporting abundant, nourishing food for a growing civilization
The diets of people in North America shed almost 1.5 billion pounds of unhealthy saturated and trans fat over the last six years thanks to a new phase in the agricultural revolution, an expert said here today.

MERS-CoV treatment effective in monkeys, NIH study finds
National Institutes of Health scientists report that a combination of two licensed antiviral drugs reduces virus replication and improves clinical outcome in a recently developed monkey model of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection.

New 'artificial nose' device can speed diagnosis of sepsis
Disease-causing bacteria stink -- literally -- and the odor released by some of the nastiest microbes has become the basis for a faster and simpler new way to diagnose serious blood infections and finger the specific microbe, scientists reported today at the 246th National Meeting & Exposition of the American Chemical Society, the world's largest scientific society.

A new approach to early diagnosis of influenza
A new technology is showing promise as the basis for a home test to diagnose influenza quickly, before the window for taking antiviral drugs slams shut and sick people spread the virus to others, scientists reported here today.

Team IDs 2 pathways through which chromosomes are rearranged
A research team has identified two pathways through which chromosomes are rearranged in mammalian cells.

Yin-yang effect of sodium and chloride presents salt conundrum
Too much salt in the diet -- and specifically sodium -- is widely acknowledged as a major risk factor for high blood pressure however, scientists have found that salt's other oft-overlooked constituent chloride might also play an important role.

Better tests for liver toxicity would mean more medicines -- and safer medicines -- for patients
How many breakthrough new drugs never reach patients because tests in clinical trials suggested a high risk of liver damage when the drug actually was quite safe?

Henry Ford's ideas may cut the cost and speed production of medicines
Ideas that Henry Ford taught a century ago about the advantages of continuous mass production are finding their way into the manufacture of one of the few remaining products still made batch-wise: The billions of tablets, capsules and other forms of medicine that people take each year.
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