Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 10, 2013
American Chemical Society presidential symposium: Innovation and entrepreneurship
An historic shift is occurring in traditional innovation in chemistry -- which touches more than 96 percent of all the world's manufactured goods -- away from large companies and toward smaller entrepreneurs and startups.

Stress protein expression in early phase spinal cord ischemia/reperfusion injury
Spinal cord ischemia/reperfusion injury is a stress injury to the spinal cord.

Western University scientists discover a novel opiate addiction switch in the brain
Neuroscientists at Western University have made a remarkable new discovery revealing the underlying molecular process by which opiate addiction develops in the brain.

Electronic tool helps reduce deaths from pneumonia in emergency departments
An electronic decision support tool helped to reduce deaths from pneumonia in four hospital emergency departments in a new study.

How the newest diesel engines emit very little greenhouse gas nitrous oxide
The newest catalytic converters in diesel engines blast away a pollutant from combustion with the help of ammonia.

Tobacco companies' interests in smokeless tobacco products in Europe are driven by profit not health
Transnational tobacco companies' investments in smokeless tobacco products, such as snus (a moist tobacco product that is placed under the upper lip), in Europe are not due to a concern for the health impacts of smoking but are instead driven purely by business interests according to new research by Silvy Peeters and Anna Gilmore from the University of Bath UK and the UK Centre for Tobacco Control Studies, published this week in PLOS Medicine.

The real reason to worry about bees
Honey bees should be on everyone's worry list, and not because of the risk of a nasty sting, an expert on the health of those beneficial insects said here today at the 246th National Meeting & Exposition of the American Chemical Society.

Maya dismembered their enemies
Researchers of the Department of Anthropology of the Americas at the University of Bonn have discovered a mass grave in an artificial cave in the historical Maya city of Uxul, Mexico.

Micro-gels from tiny ice algae play an important role in polar ocean carbon budgets
Secretion of polysaccharides from the micro community living within the sea ice stick organism together and forms greater particles introducing a rapid transport of carbon to the seafloor.

Oil industry and household stoves speed Arctic thaw
Gas flaring by the oil industry and smoke from residential burning contributes more black carbon pollution to Arctic than previously thought -- potentially speeding the melting of Arctic sea ice and contributing to the fast rate of warming in the region.

NIH scientists develop new tests to detect drug-resistant malaria
Researchers have developed two tests that can discern within three days whether the malaria parasites in a given patient will be resistant or susceptible to artemisinin, the key drug used to treat malaria.

Childbirth risks not the same for all obese women
Obesity raises the chances of complications and medical interventions in childbirth.

African-American study identifies 4 genetic variants associated with blood pressure
Case Western Reserve University is part of a landmark study that has discovered four novel gene variations, which are associated with blood pressure.

Researchers' tweets move science forward
David Shiffman, a Ph.D. student at the University of Miami's Abess Center for Ecosystem Science and Policy, describes the advantages of tweeting during the development of scientific publications.

Study: Racial, ethnic differences in outcomes following stroke known as subarachnoid hemorrhage
Race or ethnicity can be a significant clue in the United States as to who will survive a kind of stroke known as a subarachnoid hemorrhage and who will be discharged to institutional care, a new study has found.

Kids reduce stress in goat herds
The introduction of young dairy goats into an existing herd is stressful for all animals involved.

UAlberta medical researchers discover how immune system kills healthy cells
Medical scientists at the University of Alberta have made a key discovery about how the immune system kills healthy cells while attacking infections.

State e-waste disposal bans have been largely ineffective
One of the first analyses of laws banning disposal of electronic waste (e-waste) in landfills has found that state e-waste recycling bans have been mostly ineffective, although California's Cell Phone Recycling Act had a positive impact.

Life found in the sediments of an Antarctic subglacial lake for the first time
Evidence of diverse life forms dating back nearly a hundred thousand years has been found in subglacial lake sediments by a group of British scientists.

Edible coatings for ready-to-eat fresh fruits and vegetables
The scientist who turned fresh-cut apple slices into a popular convenience food, available ready-to-eat in grocery stores, school cafeterias and fast-food restaurants, today described advances in keeping other foods fresh, flavorful, and safe for longer periods of time through the use of invisible, colorless, odorless, tasteless coatings.

Heart disease patients with positive attitudes likely to exercise, live longer
Heart disease patients with positive attitudes were more likely to exercise and live longer.

How do consumers compare prices? It depends on how powerful they feel
Your reaction to the price on a bottle of wine or another product is partly a response to how powerful you feel, according to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research.

Changing part of central line could reduce hospital infections
Simply replacing the connector in the IV system in patients with central lines could help reduce deadly bloodstream infections, researchers at Georgia Regents University have found.

NASA sees heavy rainfall in strengthening Tropical Storm Humberto
NASA's TRMM satellite saw heavy rain falling south of Tropical Storm Humberto's center as it continues to strengthen in the Eastern Atlantic.

Researchers to identify genetic biomarkers for aggressive breast cancer
The Avon Foundation for Women has awarded a $300,000 grant to Dolores Di Vizio, M.D., Ph.D., associate professor in the Department of Surgery and the Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine and a member of the Cancer Biology and Urologic Oncology Research Programs at the Cedars-Sinai Samuel Oschin Comprehensive Cancer Institute to advance scientific research in aggressive breast cancer.

Why are some corals flourishing in a time of global warming?
As Earth's temperature climbs, the stony corals that form the backbone of ocean reefs are in decline.

High adherence to HIV prophylaxis may raise efficacy for couples where one partner has HIV
High adherence to antiretroviral pre-exposure prophylaxis is associated with a high level of protection from HIV acquisition by HIV-uninfected partners in heterosexual couples where only one of the partners is HIV positive, according to a study published in this week's PLOS Medicine.

Jurassic jaws: How ancient crocodiles flourished during the age of the dinosaurs
New research has revealed the hidden past of crocodiles, showing for the first time how these fierce reptiles evolved and survived in a dinosaur dominated world.

Combination therapy for severe alcoholic hepatitis does not result in improved survival
Four weeks of treatment with a combination of the drug pentoxifylline and the corticosteroid prednisolone did not improve 6-month survival compared with prednisolone alone in 270 patients with severe alcoholic hepatitis, according to a study in the September 11 issue of JAMA.

New report reviews science and engineering quality at national security laboratories
The science and engineering capabilities that underpin the nuclear weapons stockpile stewardship and nonproliferation missions at the nation's three national security laboratories are

Scientists engineer strain of MERS coronavirus for use in a vaccine
Scientists have developed a strain of the Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus that could be used as a vaccine against the disease, according to a study to be published in mBio®, the online open-access journal of the American Society for Microbiology.

New strategy could reduce inappropriate use of antibiotics
Researchers have developed a new strategy for prescribing antibiotics that could reduce patient harm and help combat the rise in antibiotic resistance.

Teens interested in healthy minds -- and ripped bodies
In a recent study on adolescent perceptions surrounding physical activity, James Gavin, professor in Concordia University's Department of Applied Human Sciences, found that teens are just as aware of the mental benefits of exercise -- such as increased confidence, self-esteem and autonomy -- as they are of physical benefits.

Language change: From London's 'EastEnders' to Glasgow
A recent study provides the first empirical evidence to show that active and engaged television viewing can help to accelerate language change.

Nymi by Bionym launches using your unique heartbeat to unlock your world
The next generation of biometric technology launches today with the Nymi, from Bionym, a technology start-up founded by University of Toronto engineering graduates.

Medicaid pays for nearly half of all births in the United States
Medicaid paid for 45 percent of the 4 million births in the United States in 2010, an amount that has been rising over time, according to a report out today.

Positive emotion influences a depressive-to-happy state and increases life satisfaction
By combining the experience of self-reported positive and negative emotions among 1,400 US-residents, researchers created four affective profiles which they then used to discern differences in happiness, depression, life satisfaction and happiness-increasing strategies.

The price of envy: How do consumers react to flattering salespeople?
Consumers have negative reactions to flattery by salespeople, even if they think the compliments are sincere, according to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research.

Study reveals benefits of wishes on seriously ill children and their parents
New research has shown that schemes that grant children with a life threatening illness a special wish have a positive impact on their and their family's wellbeing.

Study details paired risk factors in preeclampsia
Preeclampsia is a life-threatening complication of pregnancy. A study of how two immune system-related factors -- one genetic and one sexual -- combine to affect risk could yield strategies for planning pregnancies with improved awareness and management of the odds for being affected by that complication.

Boston Scientific pledges $600K to support GI technology research and education
Today, the American Gastroenterological Association Institute announced that Boston Scientific will provide a $600,000 unrestricted grant over three years to help fund the AGA Research and Technology Initiative.

Working-class consumers: A look at the complex social system of a trailer park
Contrary to stereotypes, low-income trailer park residents form distinct groups with different visions of morality, according to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research.

The old adage to 'sleep on a problem' may have real scientific base
The Secret World of Sleep: The Surprising Science of the Mind at Rest published by Palgrave Macmillan came out on Aug.

Central mechanism underlying electroacupuncture effects visceral hypersensitivity
Irritable bowel syndrome patients extensively suffer from chronic visceral hypersensitivity, with involvement of all levels of the brain-gut axis, as well as various neurotransmitters.

Screening for minor memory changes will wrongly label many with dementia, warn experts
A political drive, led by the UK and US, to screen older people for minor memory changes (often called mild cognitive impairment or pre-dementia) is leading to unnecessary investigation and potentially harmful treatment for what is arguably an inevitable consequence of aging, warn experts on bmj.com today.

Alzheimer's: Newly identified protein pathology impairs RNA splicing
Researchers have identified a previously unrecognized type of pathology in the brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease.

Tiny diamonds to boost treatment of chemoresistant leukemia
A novel discovery by scientists from NUS and UCLA enhances delivery and retention of leukemia drug, paving the way for nanodiamonds to be used for chemotherapeutics.

5-fold increase in ADHD medication use in children and adolescents
Use of stimulant medications to treat Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents has increased significantly over the past several years.

Older adults gauge their partner's feelings through knowing, not seeing
Compared to younger adults, older people are less adept at reading emotion in their spouse's face.

2 common drugs may help treat deadly Middle East Respiratory Syndrome
Treatment with two common drugs reduced viral replication and lung damage when given to monkeys infected with the virus that causes Middle East Respiratory Syndrome.

New magnetic semiconductor material holds promise for 'spintronics'
Researchers at North Carolina State University have created a new compound that can be integrated into silicon chips and is a dilute magnetic semiconductor -- meaning that it could be used to make

Can the law improve diabetes prevention and control?
New cases of diabetes continue to increase as does the health burden for those with diabetes.

Shingles symptoms may be caused by neuronal short circuit
The pain and itching associated with shingles and herpes may be due to the virus causing a

Multiple sclerosis appears to originate in different part of brain than long believed
A physician and scientist at Rutgers New Jersey Medical School has found an important clue why the search for the cause of multiple sclerosis has been slow -- it appears that most research on the origins of MS has focused on the wrong part of the brain.

Does entering the lottery affect consumers' self-control?
A simple action like buying a lottery ticket can trigger materialistic thoughts, which cause consumers to lose self-control, according to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research.

Use of EHRs for patients with diabetes linked with reduction in ED visits, hospitalizations
Among patients with diabetes, use of an outpatient electronic health record (EHR) in an integrated healthcare delivery system was associated with modest reductions in emergency department visits and hospitalizations, but was not associated with a change in office visit rates, according to a study in the September 11 issue of JAMA.

Bad news for prey: New research shows that predators can learn to read camouflage
Camouflaged creatures can perform remarkable disappearing acts but new research shows that predators can learn to read camouflage.

Simple, rapid test for drug-resistant malaria developed
For the first time, scientists have developed a novel and rapid way to test whether the most common and lethal form of malaria is resistant to potent artemisinin drugs.

Researchers find what's missing in teen health programs
Adding a mental health component to school-based lifestyle programs for teens could be key to lowering obesity, improving grades, alleviating severe depression and reducing substance use, a new study suggests.

2013 Enzyme Engineering Award
Since 1983 the Enzyme Engineering Award has been presented at ECI's biennial International Enzyme Engineering Conference.

Map of galactic clouds where stars are born takes shape
A UNSW-led team of astronomers has completed the first stage of a map of the location of the most massive and mysterious objects in our galaxy -- the giant gas clouds where new stars are born.

UT Arlington engineer to develop system for ensuring manufacturing quality
A UT Arlington engineer has received a $142,223 National Science Foundation grant to develop a mathematical method of ensuring for consistency in various manufacturing processes that produce complex data.

Why are consumers more likely to participate in online gaming than gambling?
Consumers are more likely to participate in online betting if it's called

The mechanism of astragaloside IV promoting sciatic nerve regeneration
Xiaohong Zhang and colleagues from School of Pharmacutical Sciences, Jilin University investigated whether astragaloside IV could promote the repair of injured sciatic nerve.

Experts take on challenge of breast density notification laws
A team of California-based breast imagers and breast cancer risk specialists have developed a website to help navigate the new challenges posed by breast density notification laws, according to a special report published online in the journal Radiology.

Why does a fancy purse say 'stay away from my man'?
Women are unconsciously deterring romantic rivals by buying certain luxury items, according to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research.

What do liberals and conservatives look for in a date?
Liberals and conservatives are looking for the same thing when they join online dating websites, according to new research co-authored by University of Miami political scientist Casey Klofstad.

New evidence that orangutans and gorillas can match images based on biological categories
The ability to form a general concept that connects what we know about the members of a category allows humans to respond appropriately when they encounter a novel member of that category.

MRI may predict heart attack and stroke risk in people with diabetes
Whole-body MRI may serve as a valuable noninvasive tool for assessing the risk of heart attack and stroke in diabetic patients, according to a new study.

Bilingual education has spillover effect
Bilingual education programs have a substantial spillover effect on the students they're not designed for, according to a groundbreaking study co-authored by a Michigan State University scholar.

Wordplay persuades for customer reviews of truffles, but not laundry detergent
Ads or consumer reviews that use metaphors and wordplay can be effective, but it depends on the product, according to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research.

Opportunistic bivalves, high-flying diatoms, mirror-like faults, and petit-spot volcanism
New Geology studies posted online ahead of print on Sept.

Improved adherence to preventive antiretroviral therapy may reduce transmission of HIV
A recently completed substudy of a larger clinical trial found that pre-exposure prophylaxis -- a new strategy to prevent HIV infection by prescribing a daily antiretroviral drug to at-risk individuals -- can be a powerful tool when participants take their medications.

American Chemical Society issues guidelines for safer research laboratories
The world's largest scientific society today issued guidelines to better ensure the safety of the tens of thousands of personnel who work in research laboratories around the country.

New techniques for cerebral white matter fiber tracing
Tracking fiber abnormalities are in good agreement with the actual condition of patients, and tracking displayed fibers that passed though the corpus callosum, which was consistent with the anatomical structures of the brain.

Wake Forest Baptist leads $24 million project to develop 'Body on a Chip'
A $24 million federally funded project to develop a

Electronic health records linked to improved care for patients with diabetes
The use of electronic health records in clinical settings was associated with a decrease in emergency room visits and hospitalizations for patients with diabetes, according to a study published today in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

NASA sees Tropical Storm Gabrielle resurrected in the Atlantic, Global Hawk to investigate
NASA's Aqua satellite passed over the resurrected Tropical Storm Gabrielle in the Atlantic Ocean today, Sept.

MSU lands first drone
Farmers can now get a birds-eye view of their fields -- in full HD -- thanks to Michigan State University landing its first drone.

Innovative 'pay for performance' program improves patient outcomes
Paying doctors for how they perform specific medical procedures and examinations yields better health outcomes than the traditional

University of Tennessee professor helps to discover near-Earth asteroid is really a comet
For 30 years, scientists believed a large near-Earth object was an asteroid.

Researchers map carbon footprints of UK towns and cities
The London borough of Newham is famed for producing talents such as Idris Elba, Plan B and Mo Farrah, whilst also playing host to the Olympic Stadium and West Ham United Football Club.

Discovery about DNA repair could lead to improved cancer treatments
Medical researchers at the University of Alberta have made a basic science discovery that advances the understanding of how DNA repairs itself.

New center to better understand human intelligence, build smarter machines
Siri and Watson may seem brainy in certain situations, but to build truly smart, world-changing machines, researchers must understand how human intelligence emerges from brain activity.

NAU-led team discovers comet hiding in plain sight
For 30 years, a large near-Earth asteroid wandered its lone, intrepid path, passing before the scrutinizing eyes of scientists while keeping something to itself: (3552) Don Quixote, whose journey stretches to the orbit of Jupiter, now appears to be a comet.

Think twice, speak once: Bilinguals process both languages simultaneously
Bilingual speakers can switch languages seamlessly, likely developing a higher level of mental flexibility than monolinguals, according to Penn State linguistic researchers.

Tingling sensation caused by Asian spice could help patients with chronic pain
The science behind the tingling sensation caused by eating a popular Asian spice has been explained by researchers at UCL.

Anti-inflammatory and anti-thrombogenic effects of atorvastatin in acute ischemic stroke
A recent study by Lianqiu Min and colleagues from Liaoning Medical University observed the effects of atorvastatin treatment in 89 patients from northeastern China with acute ischemic stroke caused by intracranial large-artery atherosclerosis by measuring changes in the levels of markers of inflammation, thrombogenesis, and hyperlipidemia.

Study suggests possibility of selectively erasing unwanted memories
Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have been able to erase dangerous drug-associated memories in mice and rats without affecting other more benign memories.

Progress and challenges for reinventing food packaging for sustainability
Nature has provided the food industry with the perfect packages to imitate in the drive to embrace a new genre of sustainable packaging material, according to a presentation on the topic here today.

Incentive program for small practices with EHRs results in improvement in CV outcomes
A pay-for-performance program in electronic-health-records-(EHR)-enabled small practices led to modest improvements in cardiovascular care processes and outcomes, according to a study in the September 11 issue of JAMA.

Developing platforms for more accurate DNA sequence reading
Polymer scientist Murugappan Muthukumar at the University of Massachusetts Amherst has received a four-year, $1.08 million grant from NIH's National Human Genome Research Institute to find new ways to control the process of reading the precise order of nucleotides in DNA chains as they pass through a nanopore.

Health and environment data to be linked for the first time
A new £800,000 grant from the Medical Research Council will allow scientists to connect diverse databases and probe the links between climate, environment, and human health.

American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 62nd Annual Meeting Nov. 13-17, Washington DC
The 62nd Annual Meeting of the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, the world's largest gathering of tropical medicine experts, will focus on research advances in the fight against diseases that threaten billions, including malaria in Africa and Asia, dengue in Central Florida, animal-borne diseases the world over and tick-borne ailments across America.

Racial/ethnic differences in outcomes following subarachnoid hemorrhage
Researchers found racial/ethnic differences in the rates of inpatient mortality and hospital discharge to institutional care in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage.

ASU scientists strike scientific gold with meteorite
An important discovery has been made concerning the possible inventory of molecules available to the early Earth.

UCI-led study creates new memories by directly changing the brain
By studying how memories are made, UC Irvine neurobiologists created new, specific memories by direct manipulation of the brain, which could prove key to understanding and potentially resolving learning and memory disorders.

NCI scientists identify targets for melanoma immunotherapy
Using a highly sensitive technology called NanoString, researchers have identified seven targets that could potentially be used to develop new immunotherapies for patients with metastatic melanoma, according to a study published in Clinical Cancer Research, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research.

Analysis: Provider-initiated solutions improve quality of care in nursing homes
A new study from the Regenstrief Institute and the Indiana University Center for Aging Research has found that nursing home care improves in critical areas -- including falls, quality of life and rehospitalizations -- when state government and nursing homes collaborate in a performance-based incentive program that promotes local solutions to local problems.

Migration capacity of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells towards glioma in vivo
Glioblastoma is the most common malignant primary brain tumor in adults.

Study: Redefining the criteria for ALK positive lung cancer
A University of Colorado Cancer Center study published today in the journal Cancer shows that the current criteria used to match lung cancers with the drug crizotinib may miss some patients who could benefit from the drug.

Individual financial incentives result in greater blood pressure control
In an examination of the effect of financial incentives on hypertension care at 12 outpatient clinics, physician-level (individual) financial incentives, but not practice-level or combined incentives, resulted in greater blood pressure control or appropriate response to uncontrolled blood pressure, according to a study in the Sept.

Binghamton University researcher awarded funding to help heart attack risk
Binghamton University researcher Amber Doiron, hopes to give doctors a more accurate way of determining a patient's risk of heart attack or stroke.

Statins being overprescribed for growing number of kidney disease patients
A new analysis concludes that large numbers of patients in advanced stages of kidney disease are inappropriately being prescribed statins to lower their cholesterol -- drugs that offer them no benefit and may increase other health risks such as diabetes, dementia or muscle pain.

Pay for performance encouraged physicians to follow blood pressure guidelines
In a multi-year study involving researchers found that modest monetary incentives to individual physicians resulted in a significant 8.36 percent increase in patients whose blood pressure was brought down to desired levels or who received an appropriate medical response when it was found that their blood pressure was uncontrolled.

Novel mechanism discovered in first line of immune defense
Scientists from A*STAR's Singapore Immunology Network have discovered a new defense mechanism that the immune system utilizes to combat infections.

3 out of every 4 cases of bladder cancer display mutations in the same gene
The authors, from the Spanish National Cancer Research Center, propose a mutation role in the regulatory elements of this gene at early development stages of urinary bladder tumors.

Novel avian influenza A virus has potential for both virulence and transmissibility in humans
A new study has found that a novel avian-origin H7N9 influenza A virus, which has recently emerged in humans, attaches moderately or abundantly to the epithelium of both the upper and lower respiratory tracts.

Panda poop microbes could make biofuels of the future -- an update
Unlikely as it may sound, giant pandas Ya Ya and Le Le in the Memphis Zoo are making contributions toward shifting production of biofuels away from corn and other food crops and toward corn cobs, stalks and other non-food plant material.

2013 AAPS Annual Meeting and Exposition
Scientists from around the world will gather to share the latest groundbreaking scientific discoveries and industry developments at the 2013 AAPS Annual Meeting and Exposition.

Rim Fire update Sept. 10, 2013
Hot and extremely dry conditions combined with shifting winds and low humidity continue to plague firefighter efforts at the Rim Fire in California.

Obstructive lung disease linked with decline in memory and information processing
Obstructive lung disease has been linked with a decline in cognitive functioning, including memory and information processing.

Researchers link obesity and the body's production of fructose
In the study published in the Sept. 10 edition of Nature Communications, a team led by researchers at the CU School of Medicine reports that fatty liver and insulin resistance may result from fructose produced in the liver from non-fructose containing carbohydrates.

US faces crisis in cancer care, says new IOM report
Delivery of cancer care in the US is facing a crisis stemming from a combination of factors -- a growing demand for such care, a shrinking oncology work force, rising costs of cancer care, and the complexity of the disease and its treatment, says a new report from the Institute of Medicine.

Partners across Rhode Island launch shared research resources website
A new website, CoresRI.org, lists hundreds of shared research instruments and services at 12 academic and medical institutions around the state.

Cost, fear, lack of information may limit CPR usage for urban minorities
Cost, fear and lack of information are barriers for minorities in urban communities to learn and perform CPR.

First multi-country study of rape and partner violence finds that nearly a quarter of men report having committed at least one rape
The Lancet Global Health today [Tuesday 10 September] publishes two Articles revealing startling findings from the first ever multi-country survey to assess the prevalence of rape, violence against partners, and men's reasons for committing these acts.

Motorized microscopic matchsticks move in water with sense of direction
Chemists, physicists and computer scientists at the University of Warwick have come together to devise a new powerful and very versatile way of controlling the speed and direction of motion of microscopic structures in water using what they have dubbed chemically

Unisexual reproduction introduces diversity in clonal populations of Cryptococcus neoformans
A team of researchers led by Professor Joseph Heitman has discovered procreation between genetically identical fungi Cryptococcus neoformans can result in genetic changes and diversity in their offspring, lending insight into how they can evolve to cause and spread disease.

Fungal sex can generate new drug resistant, virulent strains
Sex between genetically identical organisms has been found to create genetic changes and diversity where it did not previously exist.

New cell component important to tea and wine-making
Scientists have discovered where plants build tannins, complex chemicals used by plants for defence and protection.

Doctor turns to singing and social media to change medical practice
A doctor from the UK has shown how an innovative music video can help increase awareness of how to treat asthma.
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