Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 12, 2013
Darwin's dilemma resolved: Evolution's 'big bang' explained by 5x faster rates
The incredible burst of innovation in animals' body plans and habits during the Cambrian explosion, between 540 and 520 million years ago, can be explained by a reasonable uptick in evolutionary rates.

Virginia Tech Carilion researchers find surprising relationships in brain signaling
Researchers from the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute recently got a surprise after performing what they assumed to be a routine experiment in neurodevelopment.

Inner ear hair cell regeneration: A look from the past to the future
Since Moffat and Ramsden for the first time discovered the possibility of the auditory system in humans in 1977, over the last two decades, great progress has been made in physiopathological research on neurosensory hearing loss.

Functioning 'mechanical gears' seen in nature for the first time
Previously believed to be only man-made, a natural example of a functioning gear mechanism has been discovered in a common insect -- showing that evolution developed interlocking cogs long before we did.

Older drinkers may experience fewer hangovers due to less intense drinking
While hangovers may be a source of humor, their effects can be debilitating, costly, and even dangerous.

Medicare Center of Excellence Policy may limit minority access to weight-loss surgery
New research indicates a decline in the number of minority patients with Medicare receiving bariatric surgery after the Medicare Center of Excellence Policy was implemented.

Probing methane's secrets: From diamonds to Neptune
Hydrocarbons from the Earth make up the oil and gas that heat our homes and fuel our cars.

Late-breaking press conference schedule
This release contains late-breaking press conferences for the 246th National Meeting & Exposition of the American Chemical Society.

Loyola colorectal surgeon honored by American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons
Dana Hayden, M.D., colorectal surgeon at Loyola University Health System accepted the 2013 Robert M.

Sober drinking knowledge often fails 'in the moment' of intoxication
Approximately one-third of all fatal crashes each year in the US involve an alcohol-impaired driver.

Hurricane research
Funded by a National Science Foundation grant, two University of Delaware researchers are helping create a fundamentally new approach to modeling hurricanes and supporting the evacuation decision-making process.

Study explores complex physical oceanography in East China Sea
Just days before a team of researchers set out to conduct fieldwork in the East China Sea, Typhoon Morakot -- one of the most destructive storms ever to hit Taiwan -- made landfall on the island, causing widespread damage and drastically altering the flow of water along the nearby continental shelf.

Does longer sevoflurane preconditioning contribute to better neuroprotective effects?
Sevoflurane belongs to volatile anesthetics, and preconditioning with sevoflurane has been shown to exert protective effects against ischemic injury in the brain.

Research shows denser seagrass beds hold more baby blue crabs
A new study in Chesapeake Bay by researchers at William & Mary's Virginia Institute of Marine Science shows that it's not just the presence of a seagrass bed that matters to young crabs, but also its quality -- with denser beds holding exponentially more crabs per square meter than more open beds where plants are separated by small patches of mud or sand.

New book from Harry P. Selker, M.D., M.S.P.H., offers fresh perspective on Affordable Care Act debate
A researcher's voice of reason entered the national debate on

A microbe's trick for staying young
Researchers have discovered a microbe that stays forever young by rejuvenating every time it reproduces.

Better sharing of genetic information in human health
Genomic researchers around the world will have an easier time accessing and sharing human genomic and medical data with the launch of the International Policy interoperability and data Access Clearinghouse (IPAC).

Americans living longer, more healthy lives
In a first-of-its-kind study, researchers at the University of Massachusetts Medical School have found that the average 25-year-old American today can look forward to 2.4 more years of a healthy life than 20 years ago while a 65-year-old today has gained 1.7 years.

Carnegie Mellon researchers say Twitter analysis can help gamblers beat the spread on NFL games
Analyses of Twitter feeds have been used to track flu epidemics, predict stock market changes and do political polling, and now research at Carnegie Mellon University suggests that it may also help gamblers beat the spread for National Football League games.

Trans-Nino years could foster tornado super outbreaks
Researchers are trying to determine if Trans-Nino years, which mark the onset or ebbing of El Nino and La Nina, are the main culprits behind deadly super-outbreaks of tornadoes.

Research treats the fungus among us with nontoxic medicinal compound
A Kansas State University research team has found a breakthrough herbal medicine treatment for a common human fungal pathogen that lives in almost 80 percent of people.

Elsevier launches new open access journal in biomedicine
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, is pleased to announce the launch of a new open access research publication -- Journal of Clinical and Translational Endocrinology.

Current pledges put over 600 million people at risk of higher water scarcity
Our current pledges to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, which are projected to set the global mean temperature increase at around 3.5°C above pre-industrial levels, will expose 668 million people worldwide to new or aggravated water scarcity.

Why can prenatal alcohol exposure lead to fetal alcohol syndrome?
Authors, Zhixin Wang and colleagues from Henan University, believe that this study preliminarily explains the mechanism underlying fetal alcohol syndrome caused byprenatal ethanol exposure.

Fires in Mozambique and Madagascar Sept. 12, 2013
The location, widespread nature, and number of fires in this satellite image suggest that these fires were deliberately set to manage land.

2 new Golden Goose Awards announced
Golden Goose Awards will go to two more sets of award winners whose federally funded research may not have seemed significant but resulted in tremendous societal benefit.

Study sheds light on genetics of how and why fish swim in schools
How and why fish swim in schools has long fascinated biologists looking for clues to understand the complexities of social behavior.

UNC researchers identify a new pathway that triggers septic shock
Researchers at the University of North Carolina School of Medicine have identified a sensor pathway inside cells.

Delaying climate policy would triple short-term mitigation costs
Further delay in the implementation of comprehensive international climate policies could substantially increase the short-term costs of climate change mitigation.

American College of Physicians issues recommendations for Meaningful Use
An aggressive timeline combined with overly ambitious objectives may unnecessarily limit the success of the entire Meaningful Use EHR Incentive program, the American College of Physicians warned today in a letter to the Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, and National Coordinator for Health Information Technology.

Testing child's urine may help doctors identify risk for high blood pressure
Testing children's urine samples for sodium retention may help doctors identify those at risk for high blood pressure.

Exposure/ritual prevention therapy boosts antidepressant treatment of OCD
Scientists have demonstrated that a form of behavioral therapy can augment antidepressant treatment of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) better than an antipsychotic.

Voyager 1 spacecraft reaches interstellar space
University of Iowa space physicist Don Gurnett says there is solid evidence that NASA's Voyager 1 spacecraft has become the first manmade object to reach interstellar space, more than 11 billion miles distant and 36 years after it was launched.

NASA's Terra satellite spots Hurricane Humberto's cloud-filled eye
The MODIS instrument aboard NASA's Terra satellite captured a visible image of Hurricane Humberto that showed it's eye was cloud-filled.

Scripps Florida scientists pinpoint proteins vital to long-term memory
Scientists from the Florida campus of the Scripps Research Institute have found a group of proteins essential to the formation of long-term memories.

Local animals' role in human drug-resistant Salmonella may previously have been overstated
A new study has shown that, contrary to popular belief, local domestic animals are unlikely to be the major source of antibiotic resistant Salmonella in humans.

Living the good life, longer
By synthesizing the data collected in multiple government-sponsored health surveys conducted over the last three decades, researchers from the National Bureau of Economic Research, Harvard University, and the University of Massachusetts were able to show that the quality-adjusted life expectancy of Americans has increased by six years since 1987.

Stem cells are wired for cooperation, down to the DNA
We often think of human cells as tiny computers that perform assigned tasks, where disease is a result of a malfunction.

Wistar receives $1.5 million Department of Defense grant to ready prostate drug for clinical use
Wistar has received a $1.5 million grant from the US Department of Defense's Congressionally Directed Medical Research Program to prepare a potential prostate cancer drug (Gamitrinib) for human trial.

EarthScope's Transportable Array Symposium in Woods Hole
Journalists are invited to attend a symposium focused on scientific accomplishments of EarthScope's Transportable Array on Sept.

New info on an elusive green cicada
For nearly 80 years, the North American cicada Okanagana viridis has received little attention in scientific literature, but a new article in the Annals of the Entomological Society of America provides the first notes on the song and ecology of this elusive species, and updates its known range.

Poxue Huayu and Tianjing Busui Decoction for cerebral hemorrhage
Poxue Huayu and Tianjing Busui Decoction can markedly elevate the expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor, tyrosine kinase B and vascular endothelial growth factor in the brain, thereby providing a new scientific therapeutic method for protecting neurons after cerebral hemorrhage.

Molecular structure reveals how HIV infects cells
In a long-awaited finding, a team of Chinese and US scientists has determined the high-resolution atomic structure of a cell-surface receptor that most strains of HIV use to get into human immune cells.

A century of human impact on Arctic climate indicated by new models, historic aerosol data
A new study authored by Canadian and American investigators and published in Scientific Reports, a primary research publication from the publishers of Nature, suggests that both anthropogenic and natural factors -- specifically sulphate aerosols from industrial activity and volcanic emissions, in addition to greenhouse gas releases from fossil fuel burning -- account for Arctic surface temperature variations from 1900 to the present.

Study suggests antioxidant treatment may help NF1-linked behavioral issues
New research in mouse models suggests that treatment with antioxidants may help reduce behavioral issues linked to the genetic nervous system disorder Neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1) and an associated condition called Costello syndrome.

Rates of physical and sexual child abuse appear to have declined; child neglect shows no decline
Rates of physical and sexual abuse of children have declined over the last 20 years, but for reasons not fully understood, says a new report from the Institute of Medicine.

Autism gene stunts neurons, but growth can be restored, in mice
In a new study in Neuron, Brown University researchers report that mutation of a gene associated with some autism forms in humans can hinder the proper growth and connectivity of brain cells in mice.

Molecules pass through nanotubes at size-dependent speeds
Researchers at MIT, Seoul University in Korea and Ursinus College in Pennsylvania find that tiny molecules passing through nanotubes can be propelled or slowed depending on their size.

Voyager 1 spotted from Earth with NRAO's VLBA and GBT telescopes
Earlier this year, the National Science Foundation's Very Long Baseline Array telescope turned its gaze to NASA's famed Voyager 1 and captured an image of this iconic spacecraft's faint radio signal.

The UK is not investing enough in research into multi-drug resistant infections, say researchers
Although emergence of antimicrobial resistance severely threatens our future ability to treat many infections, the UK infection-research spend targeting this important area is still unacceptably small, say a team of researchers led by Michael Head of UCL.

Alzheimer's patients show striking individual differences in molecular basis of disease
Alzheimer's disease is thought to be caused by the buildup of abnormal protein deposits in the brain, but little is known about the molecular structures of these beta-amyloid fibrils.

Antarctic research details ice melt below massive glacier
An expedition of international scientists to the far reaches of Antarctica's remote Pine Island Glacier has yielded exact measurements of an undersea process glaciologists have long called the

Study finds 30 percent lower risk of dying for diabetics with bypass surgery vs. stent
People with diabetes have a 30 percent less chance of dying if they undergo coronary artery bypass surgery rather than opening the artery through angioplasty and inserting a stent, a new study has found.

La Jolla Institute scientist identifies helper cells that trigger potent responses to HIV
A major new finding that will significantly advance efforts to create the world's first antibody-based AIDS vaccine was published today by researchers from the La Jolla Institute for Allergy and Immunology.

The efficient choice among combustion engines
Researchers at ETH Zurich have developed an internal combustion engine that emits less than half the CO2 compared to a regular engine without compromising performance.

Major cancer genotyping study logs 5,000th tumor profile
More than 5,000 genetic profiles of tumor DNA have been completed in a large research study by scientists at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Brigham and Women's Hospital, and Boston Children's Hospital designed to speed the development of personalized cancer care with precision treatments.

Voyager's departure from the heliosphere
New data from NASA's Voyager 1 spacecraft, which has been hurtling away from the sun since it was launched in 1977, indicates that the spacecraft has indeed left the comfort of the heliosphere -- the bubble of hot, energetic charged particles surrounding the solar system -- and entered into a region of cold, dark space, known as interstellar space.

Novel vaccine reduces shedding of genital herpes virus
Sexually transmitted infection researchers potentially have reached a milestone in vaccine treatment for genital herpes, according to a report to be presented at the Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy in Denver, Colo., today, Sept.

Tracking criminal movement using math
In a paper published last month in the SIAM Journal on Applied Mathematics, authors Sorathan Chaturapruek, Jonah Breslau, Daniel Yazdi, Theodore Kolokolnikov, and Scott McCalla propose a mathematical model that analyzes criminal movement in terms of a Lévy flight, a pattern in which criminals tend to move locally as well as in large leaps to other areas.

Are women less corrupt?
Women are more likely than men to disapprove of -- and less likely to participate in -- political corruption, but only in countries where corruption is stigmatized, according to new political science research from Rice University.

Health care safety net catches suburban poor
A new study shows significant health benefits for uninsured people living under the federal poverty level in the suburbs when they receive access to primary care.

A clinician's guide to managing moral distress
Johns Hopkins nurse-bioethicist discloses rising concerns about the toll of

ASU football program is first collegiate partner in TGen-Riddell concussion detection study
Riddell, the leader in football helmet technology and innovation, today announced that the Pac-12's Arizona State University football program will participate as the first university research partner in a new study designed to advance athlete concussion detection and treatment.

International structures needed for equitable access to DNA identification after disaster
In a new paper published in

Antibiotic reduction can be achieved through low cost information campaigns, find researchers
A local low-cost information campaign mainly targeted at citizens and involving doctors and pharmacists can significantly decrease total antibiotic prescribing, finds a paper published today on

Bacteria responsible for gum disease facilitates rheumatoid arthritis
In an article published Sept. 12, 2013, in PLOS Pathogens, Jan Potempa, Ph.D., D.Sc., and his research team uncover how the bacterium responsible for periodontal disease, Porphyromonas gingivalis worsens rheumatoid arthritis by leading to earlier onset, faster progression and greater severity of the disease, including increased bone and cartilage destruction.

TheSkyNet -- T2 is born
TheSkyNet is celebrating its two year anniversary today with the official launch of a new research project, as well as a range of improvements and new features to make contributing to astronomical research at home more enjoyable, and even easier.

Codeine could increase users' sensitivity to pain
Using large and frequent doses of the pain-killer codeine may actually produce heightened sensitivity to pain, without the same level of relief offered by morphine, according to new research from the University of Adelaide.

Movement of marine life follows speed and direction of climate change
New research based at Princeton University shows that the trick to predicting when and where sea animals will relocate due to climate change is to follow the pace and direction of temperature changes, known as climate velocity.

New scoring system predicts likelihood of diabetes remission after weight-loss surgery
US Scientists have developed a simple scoring system (DiaRem), based on four readily available preoperative patient characteristics, that can predict which candidates for gastric bypass surgery are likely to achieve diabetes remission within five years.

Biologists measure evolution's Big Bang
A new study led by Adelaide researchers has estimated, for the first time, the rates of evolution during the

Insulin plays a role in mediating worms' perceptions and behaviors
In the past few years, as imaging tools and techniques have improved, scientists have been working tirelessly to build a detailed map of neural connections in the human brain -- with the ultimate hope of understanding how the mind works.

University's royalty income has risen dramatically over past 5 years
Two successful drugs developed at the University of Houston have helped to usher in a new era, one in which moving inventions from the laboratory to the boardroom is increasingly seen as the goal, and the University is moving aggressively to help researchers make that happen.

Everyday sadists take pleasure in others' pain
Most of the time, we try to avoid inflicting pain on others -- when we do hurt someone, we typically experience guilt, remorse, or other feelings of distress.

Decades on, bacterium's discovery feted as paragon of basic science
Over time, the esoteric and sometimes downright strange quests of science have proven easy targets for politicians and others looking for perceived examples of waste in government -- and a cheap headline.

Toxic methylmercury-producing microbes more widespread than realized
Microbes that live in rice paddies, northern peat bogs and other previously unexpected environments are among the bacteria that can generate highly toxic methylmercury, researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the Smithsonian Environmental Research Center have learned.

Childhood obesity may quadruple high blood pressure risk in adulthood
Excess weight in childhood increases the risk of high blood pressure as an adult.

Underlying ocean melts ice shelf, speeds up glacier movement
Warm ocean water, not warm air, is melting the Pine Island Glacier's floating ice shelf in Antarctica and may be the culprit for increased melting of other ice shelves, according to an international team of researchers.

Esteem issues determine how people put their best Facebook forward
How social media users create and monitor their online personae may hint at their feelings of self-esteem and self-determination, according to an international team of researchers.

Springer and the Acoustical Society of America collaborate to publish books
Springer and the Acoustical Society of America announced that they will collaborate to publish new books to bring important research to scientists and practitioners in the area of acoustics, as well as provide members of the ASA with a dedicated venue to publish their work.

Acetylcholine secretion by motor neuron-like cells from UC-MSC
These findings indicate that heparin combined with basic fibroblast growth factor can noticeably promote the differentiation of umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells into motor neuron-like cells.

More than just type 1 or type 2: DiMelli study points to different forms of diabetes
The DiMelli study examines the different phenotypes of diabetes mellitus in relation to their immunological, metabolic and genetic profiles.

New Hubble image of galaxy cluster Abell 1689
This new image from Hubble is one of the best ever views of the massive galaxy cluster Abell 1689, and shows the phenomenon of gravitational lensing with unprecedented clarity.

Scientific societies face 'modern challenges'
An article published in the Sept. issue of BioScience highlights the challenges facing biological societies and offers insights for scientific societies to respond and adapt to the changing dynamics of 21st century science.

Dental double for Plymouth researcher
Svetislav Zaric, Associate Professor in Biomedical Science at Plymouth University Peninsula Schools of Medicine and Dentistry, has been awarded two prestigious dental research accolades.

Symphony Health Solutions, American College of Cardiology announce research collaboration
Symphony Health Solutions, a provider of high-value data, analytics and technology solutions for life science manufacturers, payers and providers, and the American College of Cardiology (ACC), a professional organization dedicated to improving cardiovascular health, today announced they have entered into a business relationship to develop new insights from an integrated healthcare database, which will include assets from the ACC's rich National Cardiovascular Data Registry and Symphony Health's Integrated DataverseTM.

'The Machines of Sex Research': Powering repression and revolution
A new Springer title, The Machines of Sex Research: Technology and the Politics of Identity, 1945-1985 by Donna J.

Women have higher rate of spontaneous clearance of hepatitis C virus
A study of patients infected with acute hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection found that women had higher rates of spontaneous viral clearance -- undetectable levels of the virus without initiating drug therapy.

Youth more likely to be bullied at schools with anti-bullying programs, UTA researcher finds
A University of Texas at Arlington criminology assistant professor says anti-bullying programs may have opposite of the intended effect when it comes to children and peer victimization at school.

Genes linked to being right- or left-handed identified
A genetic study has identified a biological process that influences whether we are right handed or left handed.

Curing coronavirus with curiosity
Cell biologist Carolyn Machamer, Ph.D is the Pew Charitable Trusts' biomedical researcher of the month for her creative work on coronaviruses.

Halogen bridges as catalysts
Catalysts are essential for the chemical industry because they accelerate reactions and increase their yields.

Protein essential for maintaining beta cell function identified
Researchers at the Pediatric Diabetes Research Center at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have shown that the pancreatic protein Nkx6.1 -- a beta-cell enriched transcription factor -- is essential to maintaining the functional state of beta cells.

Researchers identify ancient ancestor of tulip tree line
The modern-day tulip tree, state tree of Indiana as well as Kentucky and Tennessee, can trace its lineage back to the time of the dinosaurs, according to newly published research by an Indiana University paleobotanist and a Russian botanist.

The peanut at the heart of our galaxy
Two groups of astronomers have used data from ESO telescopes to make the best three-dimensional map yet of the central parts of the Milky Way.

High blood pressure reading in kids linked to triple risk for condition as adults
Kids with at least one high blood pressure reading were about three times more likely to develop the condition as adults.

Genetic variant linked with kidney failure in diabetic women but not men
A genetic variant on chromosome 2 is linked with kidney failure in women with type 1 diabetes but not in men.

Individuals with a dual diagnosis can benefit from 12-step programs too
Alcoholics Anonymous and Narcotics Anonymous can play an important role in addiction recovery.

Revised Medicaid policy could reduce unintended pregnancies, save millions in health costs
A revised Medicaid sterilization policy that removes logistical barriers, including a mandatory 30-day waiting period, could potentially honor women's reproductive decisions, reduce the number of unintended pregnancies and save $215 million in public health costs each year, according to researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine.

BGI and START initiate collaboration to advance unique San Antonio 1000 Cancer Genome Project
BGI Tech and START announced today that they are collaborating on the San Antonio 1000 Cancer Genome Project, a groundbreaking cancer genome study designed to link genetic alterations that underlie different cancers to detailed clinical outcomes.

Dali gets a health check: Using medical devices to diagnose art
Scientists and conservators have developed a new method to diagnose painting canvases from the back, without disturbing a single fiber, to see if they can withstand the stress of handling and travel.

Ready for its close-up: 1 of HIV's entrance points
Scientists have gotten the first close look at one of two co-receptors HIV uses to get its foot in the door of the immune system, a new study reports.

New research shows link between rates of gun ownership and homicides
A new study from the American Journal of Public Heath shows that US states with higher estimated rates of gun ownership experience a higher number of firearms-related homicides.

Pulsating dust cloud dynamics modeled
The birth of stars is an event that eludes intuitive understanding.

New grants fund LA BioMed research into obesity causes
While much of the obesity prevention efforts focus on diet and exercise, LA BioMed researchers are going even further back in time to explore what happens during development in the womb that could lead to overeating and obesity later in life.

Simple steps may identify patients that hold onto excess sodium
Getting a second urine sample and blood pressure measure as patients head out of the doctor's office appears an efficient way to identify those whose health may be in jeopardy because their bodies hold onto too much sodium, researchers report.

TGen and Scottsdale Healthcare launch Phase I 'Thunder God vine' trial for cancer
Taking a page from Chinese herbal medicine, Scottsdale Healthcare and the Translational Genomics Research Institute today initiated the first-in-human clinical trial for pancreatic cancer patients using a compound derived from a plant known as

Better verbal development during childhood linked to later drinking and intoxication
Previous research has found contradictory linkages among cognition, verbal skills, and later alcohol use.

Researchers hit virtual heads to make safer games
Two nearly identical softballs, both approved for league play, can have dramatically different effects when smacked into a player's head.

Viruses associated with coral epidemic of 'white plague'
They call it the

Satellite sees Tropical Storm Gabrielle battling wind shear, gulf storm developing
Gabrielle is a fighter. Tropical Storm Gabrielle regained tropical storm status on Sept.

Autophagy and neurodegenerative disorders
Autophagy is a highly conserved process through the evolution of species, from eukaryotic microorganisms to humans.

Unprecedented rate and scale of ocean acidification found in the Arctic
Acidification of the Arctic Ocean is occurring faster than projected according to new findings published in the journal PLoS One.

NIH scientists pursue new therapies to improve rare disease drug development
Four new preclinical drug development projects at the National Institutes of Health will target a form of blindness and diseases characterized by cardiac problems.

Twister history: FSU researchers develop model to correct tornado records for better risk assessment
In the wake of deadly tornadoes in Oklahoma this past spring, Florida State University researchers have developed a new statistical model that will help determine whether the risk of tornadoes is increasing and whether they are getting stronger.

Dogs' behavior could help to design social robots
Designers of social robots, take note. Bring your dog to the lab next time you test a prototype, and watch how your pet interacts with it.

Cilantro, that favorite salsa ingredient, purifies drinking water
Hints that a favorite ingredient in Mexican, Southeast Asian and other spicy cuisine may be an inexpensive new way of purifying drinking water are on the menu today at the 246th National Meeting & Exposition of the American Chemical Society, the world's largest scientific society.

Insights into evolution of life on Earth from 1 of Saturn's moons
Glimpses of the nursery of life on Earth more than 3.5 billion years ago are coming from an unlikely venue almost 1 billion miles away, according to the leader of an effort to understand Titan, one of the most unusual moons in the solar system.

Uros people of Peru and Bolivia found to have distinctive genetic ancestries
New genetic research led by the Genographic Project consortium shows a distinctive ancestry for the Uros populations of Peru and Bolivia that predates the arrival of the Spanish conquistadores and may date back to the earliest settlement of the Altiplano, or high plain, of the central Andes some 3,700 years ago.

Field Museum to receive federal grant for unlocking 350 million years of biodiversity
The Field Museum of Natural History is receiving $115,000 through the Collections Stewardship program category of the Institute of Museum and Library Studies Museums for America grant program.

Younger women with type 2 diabetes face higher risk of heart disease
Type 2 diabetes independently raises the risk of heart disease in premenopausal women and those in the first years of menopause.

Journal of Medical Imaging will launch in 2014
The Journal of Medical Imaging will be launched by SPIE, the international society for optics and photonics, in early 2014, with all articles freely available in the first year.

Book: 'Synthetic Biology and Morality'
Synthetic biology aims to design and build organisms to serve human ends, such as producing inexpensive biofuels and developing new kinds of medicines. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to