Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 13, 2013
Model organism gone wild
Some wild clones of social amoebas farm the bacteria they eat, but this is a losing strategy if nonfarming amoebas can steal the farmers' crops.

Unexpected interaction between ocean currents and bacteria
For the first time, researchers have successfully demonstrated an interaction between ocean currents and bacteria: The unexpected interaction leads to the production of vast amounts of nitrogen gas in the Pacific Ocean.

Researchers use machine learning to boil down the stories that wearable cameras are telling
Researchers at The University of Texas at Austin are working to develop tools to help make sense of the vast quantities of video that are going to be produced by wearable camera technology like Google Glass and Looxcie.

'Terminator' polymer that regenerates itself
Scientists in Spain have reported the first self-healing polymer that spontaneously and independently repairs itself without any intervention.

Vaccination with GM2-KLH-QS21 does not improve outcome of melanomas patients in EORTC study
Results of an EORTC study published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology show that vaccination with GM2/KLH-QS-21 does not benefit patients with stage II melanoma.

A new methodology for the proper environmental assessment of biocides
Tecnalia and Aenor are collaborating in the project LIFE BIOREG

Pest control, economic globalization and the involvement of policy makers
With the increase in global trade, the potential for translocation of harmful pests, weeds, and pathogens capable of impacting our crops, livestock and natural resources also grows.

Toward a truly white organic LED
By inserting platinum atoms into an organic semiconductor, University of Utah physicists were able to

Novelty of eco-friendly bamboo garments lures consumers -- if the price is right, Baylor study shows
Consumers who plan to buy eco-friendly bamboo apparel are attracted if the price is right, but their next consideration is the novelty of the product, according to a new study by Baylor University researchers.

Sleep better, look better? New research says yes
Getting treatment for a common sleep problem may do more than help you sleep better -- it may help you look better over the long term, too, according to a new research study.

Electronic whisper: Disney Research technology transmits audio messages via finger's touch
Disney Research, Pittsburgh, has added a new dimension to interpersonal communication, creating a microphone that enables a person to record an audio message, transmit it silently through his body and reproduce it with the touch of a finger.

NASA sees southwesterly wind shear weakened hurricane Humberto
When NASA's Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission or TRMM satellite passed over Hurricane Humberto on Sept.

Webb receives Lifetime Achievement Award for hypertension research
Dr. R. Clinton Webb, Chairman of the Department of Physiology at the Medical College of Georgia at Georgia Regents University, is the 2013 recipient of the American Heart Association Council on High Blood Pressure Research's Irvine Page-Alva Bradley Lifetime Achievement Award.

UNC research points to promising treatment for macular degeneration
Researchers at the University of North Carolina School of Medicine have published new findings in the hunt for a better treatment for macular degeneration.

Carbon farming schemes should consider multiple cobenefits
Carbon farming schemes will have harmful effects, such as impairing ecosystem services, reducing biodiversity, and reducing food supply, unless resulting revegetation decisions take into account the full range of cobenefits and disbenefits expected from various types of planting.

NASA sees system 93L become Tropical Storm Ingrid, now soaking eastern Mexico
NASA and NOAA satellites have been tracking the progression of low pressure System 93L through the Caribbean Sea and into the southwestern Gulf of Mexico over a week's time, and it became Tropical Storm Ingrid mid-day on Sept.

Pinpointing molecular path that makes antidepressants act quicker in mouse model
The reasons behind why it often takes people several weeks to feel the effect of newly prescribed antidepressants remains somewhat of a mystery -- and likely, a frustration to both patients and physicians.

Inheritance of lifespan is sex-dependent in fruit flies
Like mother, like daughter; like father, like son. Evolutionary biologists at the universities in Bielefeld, Germany and Uppsala, Sweden have now shown that this proverb also applies to inheriting a long life -- at least for fruit flies (Drosophila).

Potential new drug target for cystic fibrosis
Scientists at EMBL Heidelberg, Regensburg University, and the University of Lisboa have discovered a promising potential drug target for cystic fibrosis.

Researcher gets National Science Foundation's most prestigious award for young faculty
Dr. Bradley Cooke, an assistant professor in Georgia State University's Neuroscience Institute, has received the $650,000 National Science Foundation Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) award, one of 18 awarded by the NSF's Division of Integrative Organismal Systems in the last year.

EORTC at 2013 ECCO-ESMO-ESTRO meeting in Amsterdam
The EORTC will have an active presence at the 2013 ECCO-ESMO-ESTRO Meeting in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, from Sept.

NRL achieves highest open-circuit voltage for quantum dot solar cells
Using colloidal lead sulfide nanocrystal quantum dot substances, NRL researchers achieve the highest recorded open-circuit voltages for quantum dot solar cells to date.

NASA sees Tropical Depression Gabrielle approaching eastern Canada
Eastern Canada is now expecting some winds and rain from Tropical Depression Gabrielle as it transfers its energy to a cold front.

Catalysts team up with textiles
In the future, it will be much easier to produce some active pharmaceutical substances and chemical compounds.

Pr. Fran├žoise Meunier awarded ECCO Lifetime Achievement Award at ECC 2013 in Amsterdam
EORTC Director General Pr. Fran├žoise Meunier awarded ECCO Lifetime Achievement Award at ECC 2013 in Amsterdam.

Software may be able to take over from hardware in managing caches
MIT research shows that it may be time to let software, rather than hardware, manage the high-speed on-chip memory banks known as

Fish skin immune responses resemble those of the gut, Penn study finds
A study led by J. Oriol Sunyer's group at the University of Pennsylvania found that, not only does fish skin resemble the gut morphologically, but key components of skin immune responses are also akin to those of the gut.

To touch the microcosmos
What if you could reach through a microscope to touch and feel the microscopic structures under the lens?

Warm ocean rapidly melting Antarctic ice shelf from below
For five years, a scientific expedition tried reaching Pine Island Glacier ice shelf in a remote, wind-ridden corner of Antarctica.

New book by UCSB physics scholar explores the history of solar energy
The Chinese got it. So did the Ancient Greeks and Romans.

Researchers capture speedy chemical reaction in mid-stride
In synthetic chemistry, making the best possible use of the needed ingredients is key to optimizing high-quality production at the lowest possible cost.

Diets low in polyunsaturated fatty acids may be a problem for youngsters
In the first study to closely examine the polyunsaturated fatty acid intake among US children under the age of five, Sarah Keim, Ph.D., principal investigator in the Center for Biobehavioral Health at The Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital, has found what might be a troubling deficit in the diet of many youngsters.

Marine species distribution shifts reflect local climate conditions
Climate change has resulted in shifts in where and at what depths many marine species are found.

The '50-50' chip: Memory device of the future?
A new, environmentally-friendly electronic alloy consisting of 50 aluminum atoms bound to 50 atoms of antimony may be promising for building next-generation

Diet during pregnancy and early life affects children's behavior and intelligence
The statement

Young people choose education based on parents' background
Even though Danish students have equal access to education, their choice of studies is still influenced by social class.

NIH clinical study establishes human model of influenza pathogenesis
A National Institutes of Health clinical study of healthy adult volunteers who consented to be infected with the 2009 H1N1 influenza virus under carefully controlled conditions has provided researchers with concrete information about the minimum dose of virus needed to produce mild-to-moderate illness.

NASA satellite sees 2 vortices circling newborn Tropical Storm Man-yi's center
NASA's Terra satellite passed over newborn Tropical Storm Man-yi and captured and image that clearly showed two vortices rotating around a large center of circulation.

'Red nugget' galaxies were hiding in plain sight
In 2005 the Hubble Space Telescope spotted unusually small galaxies densely packed with red stars in the distant, young universe.

'Grassroots action' in livestock feeding to help curb global climate change
In a series of papers to be presented next week, scientists offer new evidence that a potent chemical mechanism operating in the roots of a tropical grass used for livestock feed has enormous potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

CO2-hungry microbes might short-circuit the marine foodweb
A five-week long field experiment of the European Project on Ocean Acidification shows that pico- and nanophytoplankton benefit from higher carbon dioxide concentrations in the water, causing an imbalance in the food web.

Tiny plankton could have big impact on climate
As the climate changes and oceans' acidity increases, tiny plankton seem set to succeed.

Fate of new genes cannot be predicted
New versions of genes, called alleles, can appear by mutation in populations.

Friday the 13th brings double tropical trouble to Mexico
Friday the 13th is known for being unlucky and residents along Mexico's eastern and western coast are experiencing that feeling as a result of newborn Tropical Depression 13E in the eastern Pacific Ocean, and newborn Tropical Storm Ingrid in the Gulf of Mexico.

New findings from UNC School of Medicine challenge assumptions about origins of life
Now, research from UNC School of Medicine biochemist Charles Carter, Ph.D., appearing in the Sept.

CPAP therapy provides beauty sleep for people with sleep apnea
A new study suggests that people with obstructive sleep apnea are perceived to appear more alert, more youthful and more attractive after at least two months of continuous positive airway pressure therapy.

Immune to aging
While aging remains an inevitable fact of life, Max Planck researchers have discovered a microbe that stays forever young by rejuvenating every time it reproduces.

Florida State University's unofficial 'Spider-Man' follows nature's lead
Eden Steven, a physicist at Florida State University's MagLab facility, discovered that simple methods can result in surprising and environmentally friendly high-tech outcomes during his experiments with spider silk and carbon nanotubes.

Earth's wobble 'fixes' dinner for marine organisms
The cyclic wobble of the Earth on its axis controls the production of a nutrient essential to the health of the ocean, according to a new study in the journal Nature.

SARS virus treatments could hold the key for treatment of MERS-CoV outbreak
A new type of coronavirus, the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus, MERS-CoV, was first found a year ago in a patient who died.
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