Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 18, 2013
'Guns do not make a nation safer,' say doctors
A new study reports that countries with lower gun ownership are safer than those with higher gun ownership, debunking the widely quoted hypothesis that guns make a nation safer.

Southern Ocean sampling reveals travels of marine microbes
By collecting water samples up to six kilometers below the surface of the Southern Ocean, UNSW researchers have shown for the first time the impact of ocean currents on the distribution and abundance of marine micro-organisms.

Breast conserving treatment with radiotherapy reduces risk of local recurrence
Results of EORTC trial 10853 appearing in the Journal of Clinical Oncology show that breast conserving treatment combined with radiotherapy reduces the risk of local recurrence in women with ductal carcinoma in situ.

Tiny bottles and melting corks: Temperature regulates new delivery system for drugs and fragrances
Microscopic, bottle-like structures with corks that melt at precisely-controlled temperatures could potentially release drugs inside the body or fragrances onto the skin, according to a recently published study.

University of Maryland researchers studying vaccine to prevent potential bird flu pandemic
Scientists at the University of Maryland School of Medicine's Center for Vaccine Development are part of nationwide vaccine research aimed at protecting adults from a new and virulent strain of avian influenza virus.

Personal genome, public health
The National Human Genome Research Institute has selected the Johns Hopkins Berman Institute of Bioethics to establish a

Modeling and managing schizophrenia
Writing in the International Journal of Advanced Intelligence Paradigms, Subhagata Chattopadhyay of the Camellia Institute of Engineering in Madhyamgram Kolkata, West Bengal, India, and Farhad Daneshgar of IKI-SEA, Bangkok University, Thailand, explain how they have applied and validated a collaborative management approach and an associated analytical tool called the Awareness Information Net model to assist in maintaining awareness capabilities among the various people involved in the management of patients with schizophrenia.

UEA scientists reveal Earth's habitable lifetime and investigate potential for alien life
Habitable conditions on Earth will be possible for at least another 1.75 billion years -- according to astrobiologists at the University of East Anglia.

31 percent of timber, mining, agriculture concessions in 12 nations overlap with local land rights
A new analysis of land-use concessions in emerging market economies in Africa, Asia and Latin America shows that at least one out of every three hectares licensed for commercial exploitation is overlapped by indigenous community land.

Shifting employee bonuses from self to others increases satisfaction and productivity at work
Providing employees with a bonus to spend on charities or co-workers may increase job satisfaction and team sales.

Study shows colonoscopy better than sigmoidoscopy in protecting against colorectal cancer
A new study finds that colonoscopy appears to reduce the risk of developing or dying from colorectal cancer more powerfully than does sigmoidoscopy, a similar procedure that examines only a portion of the colon.

Toxoplasma-infected mice remain unafraid of cats even after parasite clearance
Chronic infection with the parasite Toxoplasma gondii can make mice lose their innate, hard-wired fear of cats.

New role for protein family could provide path to how crop traits are modified
Pioneering new research from a team of Indiana University Bloomington biologists has shown for the first time that a protein which has been long known to be critical for the initiation of protein synthesis in all organisms can also play a role in the regulation of gene expression in some bacteria, and probably land plants as well.

Fred Hutch receives $11.3 million NCI grant renewal to lead Pacific Northwest prostate cancer consortium
The National Cancer Institute, a branch of the National Institutes of Health, has awarded an $11.3 million, five-year competitive grant renewal to Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center for its continued leadership of a multi-center prostate cancer research consortium, which was first funded in 2002.

Study helps deconstruct estrogen's role in memory
Deciphering the exact mechanism of estrogen activation in the brain could lead to new targets for drug development that would provide middle-aged women the cognitive benefits of hormone replacement therapy without increasing their risk for cardiovascular disease or breast cancer.

Novel treatment for gonorrhea acts like a 'live vaccine,' prevents reinfection, animal study shows
A new gonorrhea treatment, based on an anti-cancer therapy developed by a Buffalo startup company, has successfully eliminated gonococcal infection from female mice and prevented reinfection, according to research published today by University at Buffalo scientists in the Journal of Infectious Diseases.

The secret life of underground microbes: Plant root microbiomes rule the world
We often ignore what we cannot see, and yet organisms below the soil's surface play a vital role in plant functions and ecosystem well-being.

Early to press means success
A provocative new study suggests it is straightforward to predict which academics will succeed as publishing scientists.

Geosphere, GSA's dynamic online-only journal posts 9 new articles in Sept.
Geosphere has posted additions to several themed issues: History and Impact of Sea-Level Change Offshore New Jersey; Geodynamics and Consequences of Lithospheric Removal in the Sierra Nevada, California; Cenozoic Tectonics, Magmatism, and Stratigraphy of the Snake River Plain-Yellowstone Region and Adjacent Areas; Origin and Evolution of the Sierra Nevada and Walker Lane.

NBC's chief medical editor will deliver lecture to largest gathering of ENT doctors
NBC's Chief Medical Editor Nancy L. Snyderman, MD, will deliver the John Conley, MD Lecture on Medical Ethics during the Opening Ceremony at the 2013 Annual Meeting & OTO EXPO℠ of the American Academy of Otolaryngology -- Head and Neck Surgery Foundation.

4 new species of 'legless lizards' discovered living on the edge
Legless lizards evolved on five continents to burrow in loose soil and sand, but are rarely seen because they live underground.

New edition of classic manual provides insights into development and use of monoclonal antibodies
Just published by CSHL Press, the second edition of the classic lab manual

Study: Different hormone therapy formulations may pose different risks for heart attack and stroke
Post-menopausal women whose doctors prescribe hormone replacement therapy for severe hot flashes and other menopause symptoms may want to consider taking low doses of FDA-approved bioidentical forms of estrogen or getting their hormones via a transdermal patch.

Scaling up personalized query results for next generation of search engines
Researchers have developed a way for search engines to provide users with more accurate, personalized search results.

UNLV, Sen. Reid Announce $20 Million NIH grant to support clinical health research
The University of Nevada, Las Vegas was awarded a five-year, $20.3 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to lead a health research network of 13 universities across the Mountain West.

National registry report shows increase in radial stenting, other CV trends
Cardiologists are increasingly accessing coronary arteries by way of the wrist rather than the groin to insert life-saving stents into patients with blocked arteries, according to the first broad report of the American College of Cardiology's clinical data registries published online today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

NIH awards University of Chicago $1.5 million to study novel therapy for multiple sclerosis
Researchers from the University of Chicago have been awarded a five-year, $1.5 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to develop stimulated dendritic cell-derived exosomes that show remarkable promise as a treatment for multiple sclerosis and other neurological diseases involving loss of myelin, the insulation around nerve fibers.

Green photon beams more agile than optical tweezers
Scientists have discovered a novel approach for the optical manipulation of macromolecules and biological cells.

Signal gradients in 3-D guide stem cell behavior
Researchers at Case Western Reserve University have developed an easy and versatile way of forming physical and biochemical gradients in three dimensions -- a step toward identifying the recipes that induce stem cells to generate specific tissues, including multiple tissues, such as a bone-cartilage interface.

Smartphone app found to be valid tool in screening for minimal hepatic encephalopathy
A smartphone app can quickly screen for cognitive dysfunction often found in patients with cirrhosis, according to a new Virginia Commonwealth University study.

2 Georgia cancer patient support organizations to receive Survivor Circle grants from ASTRO
The American Society for Radiation Oncology has selected two Georgia cancer patient support groups, the Cancer Foundation of Northeast Georgia and the South Georgia Medical Center, Pearlman Cancer Center, to receive ASTRO's 2013 Survivor Circle grants.

New sensor could prolong the lifespan of high-temperature engines
A new, highly-accurate temperature sensor could save manufacturers millions in maintenance costs, lower fuel consumption, and prolong the lifespan of jet engines, nuclear reactors and other types of large gas turbine engines.

UCLA doctors successfully 'vacuum' 2-foot blood clot out of patient's heart
UCLA doctors sucked a 24-inch blood clot from a man's heart using a new device that spared him from open-heart surgery.

Information sharing on violence saves £millions in health, criminal justice and social costs
The sharing of anonymized information about violent incidents between emergency care departments and the police and local authorities, can save millions of pounds in health and social costs alone, suggests research published online in Injury Prevention.

Study reinforces value of colonoscopy screening for colorectal cancer prevention
A team of researchers, including those from Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, will be reporting study findings that lend scientific backing to the recommendation that people receive a colonoscopy screening to prevent colorectal cancer.

Genomic test accurately sorts viral vs. bacterial infections
A blood test developed by researchers at Duke Medicine showed more than 90 percent accuracy in distinguishing between viral and bacterial infections when tested in people with respiratory illnesses.

SfN announces winners of Brain Awareness Video Contest
The Society for Neuroscience (SfN) announced today the winners of the third annual SfN Brain Awareness Video Contest, with winning topics covering a little known brain disorder, the mystery of memory, and the question of

Colonoscopy screening every ten years could prevent 40% of colorectal cancers
According to a large, long-term study from Harvard School of Public Health, 40% of all colorectal cancers might be prevented if people underwent regular colonoscopy screening.

New treatment for 'arthritis of the spine' prevents paralysis
In a world-first, decompression surgery has been shown to be an effective procedure to treat cervical spondylotic myelopathy -- a common progressive, degenerative disease of the spine that can lead to paralysis -- according to the results of a multi-center clinical trial published today.

Study finds that a subset of children often considered to have autism may be misdiagnosed
Children with a genetic disorder called 22q11.2 deletion syndrome, who frequently are believed to also have autism, often may be misidentified because the social impairments associated with their developmental delay may mimic the features of autism, a study by researchers with the UC Davis MIND Institute suggests.

Study in New England Journal of Medicine: Colonoscopy saves lives
A study published in the Sept. 19 New England Journal of Medicine provides some of the clearest evidence to date that colonoscopy has advantages over sigmoidoscopy for the prevention of colorectal cancer.

Tropical Storm Humberto makes an 'A' for Atlantic on satellite imagery
When NASA's Terra satellite passed over Tropical Storm Humberto on Sept.

New paths to the East
In China this week, Tel Aviv University President Professor Joseph Klafter signed agreements with two leading Asian universities to further academic collaboration in the areas of scientific and technological research and contemporary Israel studies.

American Chemical Society podcast: Duckweed as a cost-competitive raw material for biofuel
The latest episode in the American Chemical Society's award-winning Global Challenges/Chemistry Solutions podcast series describes how the search for a less-expensive, sustainable source of biomass, or plant material, for producing gasoline, diesel and jet fuel has led scientists to duckweed, that fast-growing floating plant that turns ponds and lakes green.

Services lacking for young gay black men
Physical, sexual and emotional abuse among young gay black men is a pervasive problem, yet there remains a lack of social services and resources available to help them, a Michigan State University scholar argues in a new study.

School of Public Health receives $390,000 grant to study alcohol use among youth acquiring HIV
Dr. Monica Swahn, professor in the School of Public Health and associate vice president for research at Georgia State University, has received a two-year, $390,000 grant from the National Institutes of Health to study the role of alcohol marketing and early alcohol use among African youth acquiring HIV.

Florida Hospital collaborates with VTT of Finland
In an effort to better understand the development of Alzheimer's disease, Florida Hospital Neuroscience Institute and VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland are collaborating to identify the biomarker assay that may predict early onsets of the disease.

Fluorescent compounds allow clinicians to visualize Alzheimer's disease as it progresses
What if doctors could visualize all of the processes that take place in the brain during the development and progression of Alzheimer's disease?

Journal of Men's Health now published by Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
Journal of Men's Health, a peer-reviewed journal now published online with Open Access options and in print by Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers, reflects the urgent priority to improve the health of men around the globe.

Tackling the problem of self-harm among children in care
The problem of self-harm among young people in care is to be tackled as part of a new research project being led by The University of Nottingham.

Smithsonian experts find e-readers can make reading easier for those with dyslexia
As e-readers grow in popularity as convenient alternatives to traditional books, researchers at the Smithsonian have found that convenience may not be their only benefit.

Moderate exercising encourages a healthier lifestyle
Interdisciplinary research at the University of Copenhagen explains why moderate exercising is more motivating than hard training.

Shining light on neurodegenerative pathway
University of Adelaide researchers have identified a likely molecular pathway that causes a group of untreatable neurodegenerative diseases, including Huntington's disease and Lou Gehrig's disease.

Inhaled corticosteroids raise pneumonia risk
UAlberta researcher says use of inhaled corticosteroids leads to twofold risk of repeat pneumonia among older populations.

Studies: Motor control development continues longer than previously believed
Research into fine motor control in children shows that developmental improvements continue much later than previously believed, and aren't isolated to the brain.

Interference with cellular recycling leads to cancer growth, chemotherapy resistance
Overactivity of a protein that normally cues cells to divide sabotages the body's natural cellular recycling process, leading to heightened cancer growth and chemotherapy resistance, UT Southwestern researchers have found.

UdeM's IRIC and IRICoR achieve important milestone in their collaboration with Bristol-Myers Squibb
University of Montreal and the Institute for Research in Immunology and Cancer -- Commercialization of Research (IRICoR) today announced that researchers from UdeM's Institute for Research in Immunology and Cancer (IRIC) and Bristol-Myers Squibb Company have jointly identified a small molecule drug candidate against a novel target.

Fragile X syndrome protein linked to breast cancer progression
Claudia Bagni, VIB/KU Leuven, Belgium, and the University of Rome Tor Vergata, Italy, has identified the way Fragile X Mental Retardation Protein or FMRP contributes to the progression of breast cancer.

CSHL is part of iPlant group awarded $50 million to create US biology cyberinfrastructure
The National Science Foundation has awarded $50 million to investigators at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory and other members of the multi-institution iPlant collaborative headquartered at the University of Arizona's BIO5 Institute to create a national cyberinfrastructure for the biological sciences.

NASA sees Tropical Storm Usagi's central and southern power
Powerful thunderstorms wrapped around Tropical Storm Usagi's center and its southern quadrant in visible data from NASA's Aqua satellite on Sept.

Brain dysfunctions: Shared mechanisms in fragile X syndrome, autism and schizophrenia
Several psychiatric conditions such as schizophrenia, autism and intellectual disabilities share the same brain cell abnormalities: the contacts between brain cells are poorly developed and not functional.

NIH prepares by funding new bird flu vaccine studies
Group Health Research Institute scientists are preparing for the potential pandemic spread of a new bird flu strain that caused severe disease in China earlier this year, joining seven other Vaccine and Treatment Evaluation Units funded by the National Institutes of Health to test vaccines to protect against the illness in adults.

NIH awards grant to Banner Alzheimer's Institute for major prevention study
In collaboration with the National Institutes of Health (NIH), Banner Alzheimer's Institute announces a major prevention trial to evaluate a treatment in cognitively healthy older adults at the highest known genetic risk for developing Alzheimer's disease at older ages.

E-readers more effective than paper for dyslexic readers
E-readers are more effective than reading on paper for some with dyslexia.

Long-stressed Europa likely off-kilter at one time
By analyzing the distinctive cracks lining the icy face of Europa, NASA scientists found evidence that this moon of Jupiter likely spun around a tilted axis at some point.

Mild HIV-related cognitive impairments may be overlooked due to inadequate screening tools: Study
One of the common side effects of HIV and AIDS is neurocognitive impairments -- changes in how fast a person can process information, pay attention, multi-task and remember things -- yet there are no adequate tests to screen patients for these problems, according to a new study out of St.

Higher lead levels may lie just below soil surface
A study of data from hundreds of soil samples taken around six old water tower sites in southern Rhode Island finds that even when lead levels on the surface are low, concentrations can sometimes be greater at depths down to a foot.

Drivers of financial boom and bust may be all in the mind, study finds
Market bubbles that lead to financial crashes may be self-made because of instinctive biological mechanisms in traders' brains that lead them to try and predict how others behave, according to a study part-funded by the Wellcome Trust.

Beyond quantum simulation: JILA physicists create 'crystal' of spin-swapping ultracold molecules
Physicists at JILA have created a crystal-like arrangement of ultracold gas molecules that swap quantum

Studies confirm shorter radiotherapy course best option for women with breast cancer
The long-term results of the landmark START trials conclusively confirm that giving radiotherapy as a lower overall dose in fewer, higher doses over a shorter treatment time (hypofractionated) is at least as effective and safe as the current international standard for most women with early breast cancer.

Novel gene discovery could lead to new HIV treatments
A team of researchers led by King's College London has for the first time identified a new gene which may have the ability to prevent HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, from spreading after it enters the body.

Lifestyle, age linked to diabetes-related protein
A large, newly published study that includes more than 13,500 postmenopausal women has yielded the most definitive associations yet between certain lifestyle and demographic factors and levels of a promising early biomarker of type 2 diabetes risk.

Research team uncovers root cause of multiple myeloma relapse
Working in collaboration with colleagues at Princess Margaret Hospital in Toronto, researchers from Mayo Clinic in Arizona and the Translational Genomics Research Institute in Phoenix were part of the team that conducted the study published in the Sept.

Scientists develop a new way to identify good fat
When it comes to fat, you want the brown type and not so much of the white variety because brown fat burns energy to keep you warm and metabolically active, while white fat stores excess energy around your waist, causing health problems.

Patient isolation tied to dissatisfaction with care
Patient satisfaction has an increasing impact on hospitals' bottom lines, factoring into Medicare reimbursement of hospital care.

CWRU researchers find what stresses parents with a chronically ill child
The extra demands on parents of chronically ill children cause stress that affects the whole family, according to a systematic review conducted by Case Western Reserve University researchers that also explored what factors in the child's care most contribute to the added strain.

Different stories play different roles in patients' health decision-making, MU researcher says
Health communicators have debated whether stories should be included in patient decision-aids (which are informational materials designed to help patients make educated choices about their health) because they worry stories are too biased.

Today's worst watershed stresses may become the new normal, study finds
Nearly 1 in 10 US watersheds is

Stem cell reprogramming made easier
Weizmann Institute scientists show that removing one protein from adult cells enables them to efficiently turn back the clock to a stem-cell-like state.

Coma: Researchers observe never-before-detected brain activity
Researchers from the University of Montreal and their colleagues have found brain activity beyond a flat line EEG, which they have called Nu-complexes.

Blood biomarker could mark severe cognitive decline, quicker progression among Parkinson's patients
A genetic mutation, known as GBA, that leads to early onset of Parkinson's disease and severe cognitive impairment (in about 4 to 7 percent of all patients with the disease) also alters how specific lipids, ceramides and glucosylceramides are metabolized.

Toxoplasma infection permanently shifts balance in cat and mouse game
Infection with the toxoplasma parasite makes mice fearless in the presence of cats -- to their regret.

In water as in love, likes can attract
Berkeley Lab researchers have shown that, contrary to the scientific axiom that only opposite charges attract, when hydrated in water, positively charged ions can pair up with one another.

How old memories fade away
The discovery of a gene essential for memory extinction could lead to new PTSD treatments.

Trial to test prevention of Alzheimer's has begun
The long and hard-fought campaign against Alzheimer's disease has reached a potentially significant milestone: the launch of the first clinical trials to test whether giving new drug treatments before dementia can prevent Alzheimer's.

New research supports intentional weight loss for older adults
New research from Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center shows that physical activity and weight loss conducted together for older, overweight and obese adults results in improved body composition, translating into lower cardiovascular disease risk and improved mobility.

WUSTL engineer using Jello to study waves in brain from traumatic impact
Washington University in St. Louis engineers are now applying a new imaging technique to a model of brain tissue to see how stiff or soft it might be.

Study suggests overfishing of sharks is harming coral reefs
A team of scientists from Canada and Australia have discovered that the decline in shark populations is detrimental to coral reefs.

More than 40 million episodes of poor care in hospitals every year worldwide
There are almost 43 million instances of harm caused by medical care in hospitals around the world every year, indicates an analysis of unsafe care published online in BMJ Quality & Safety.

Pregnant women with high/low BMI are at higher risk of complications and hospital admissions
Pregnant women with a body mass index that is too high or too low are more likely to have maternal complications, require additional hospital care and incur higher medical costs, according to a new study published today in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.

Nanoscale neuronal activity measured for the first time
A new technique that allows scientists to measure the electrical activity in the communication junctions of the nervous systems has been developed by a researcher at Queen Mary University of London.

Young stars cooking in the Prawn Nebula
The glowing jumble of gas clouds visible in this new image make up a huge stellar nursery nicknamed the Prawn Nebula.

Atlanta cancer survivor and volunteer will be honored with ASTRO's 2013 Survivor Circle Award
The American Society for Radiation Oncology has selected Atlanta resident and cancer survivor Sherri Graves Smith to receive the 2013 Survivor Circle Award.

New pediatric infection prevention guidelines for residential facilities
With the evolving changes in the delivery of healthcare to children worldwide, which frequently include long-distance travel and lodging for specialized medical treatments, the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America partnered with Ronald McDonald House Charities to release the first-ever infection prevention and control guidelines for

True colors: Female squid have 2 ways to switch color, according to a UCSB study
The female common market squid -- Doryteuthis opalescens -- may not be so common after all.

From the bystander effect to political ideologies
When you see a stranger in need of help, do you stop to lend a hand?

Dirty job made easier: Microfluidic technique recovers DNA for IDs
A team of researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology and Applied Research Associates, Inc. has demonstrated an improved microfluidic technique for recovering DNA from real-world, complex mixtures such as dirt.

NASA sees formation of northwestern Pacific's Tropical Depression 18W
NASA's Aqua satellite caught the birth of the 18th tropical depression of the northwestern Pacific Ocean tropical cyclone season.

Researchers demonstrate a new strategy to stop the TB bacterium
Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the bacterium that causes tuberculosis may have an Achilles' heel: it needs a particular enzyme to survive.

New research on potential avocado health benefits presented at International Congress of Nutrition
New research findings on avocado consumption, presented as two posters at the IUNS 20th International Congress of Nutrition, in Granada, Spain, suggest that although calorie consumption at dinner was unchanged, inclusion or addition of fresh Hass Avocado to a meal may help to reduce hunger and the desire to eat in overweight adults; and including or adding avocado to a meal resulted in smaller post-meal rises in insulin compared to eating a meal without avocado.

Scientists discover the origins of genomic 'dark matter'
A major milestone has been achieved in understanding genomic

$50 million NSF grant to advance cyberinfrastructure for big data in life sciences
Headquartered at the University of Arizona, the iPlant Collaborative is a $100 million NSF-funded project providing scalable cyberinfrastructure to help the nation's researchers make sense of massive data sets and train the next generation of data scientists.

Undersea mountains provide crucial piece in climate prediction puzzle
A mystery in the ocean near Antarctica has been solved by researchers who have long puzzled over how deep and mid-depth ocean waters are mixed.

24th NAMS Annual Meeting highlights future opportunities, current controversies in menopause care

t's getting personal for women at menopause and beyond!

X-ray science taps bug biology to design better materials and reduce pollution
Bug spray, citronella candles, mosquito netting -- most people will do anything they can to stay away from insects during the warmer months.

Promising way to boost body's immune surveillance via p53 in fight against cancer
Researchers at A*STAR's Singapore Immunology Network have discovered a new mechanism involving p53, the famous tumor suppressor, to fight against aggressive cancers.

Nevada professor releases book on powerful impact of women's movement
Portraits of Change is a deep, intimate look at the powerful impact of the women's movement and the widespread social upheaval of the 1960s and 1970s on women's lives.

Warming ocean thawing Antarctica glacier, researchers say
For the first time, researchers completed an extensive exploration of how quickly ice is melting underneath a rapidly changing Antarctic glacier, possibly the biggest source of uncertainty in global sea level projections.

Clemson researchers: Different forage affects beef cattle weight, taste
Cattle are what they eat. The forage -- grasses and other plants ­-- beef cattle eat affects the nutrition and tastiness of the meat.

Personality differences
Saving energy is important for humans and animals alike when resources are limited.

Lens combines human and insect vision to focus wide-angle views
A lens invented at The Ohio State University combines the focusing ability of a human eye with the wide-angle view of an insect eye to capture images with depth.

New HIV-1 replication pathway discovered by NYU College of Dentistry researchers
Now, a team of researchers led by Dr. David N.

Chronic inflammation of blood vessels could help explain high childhood mortality in malaria regions
Recurrent episodes of malaria cause chronic inflammation in blood vessels that might predispose to future infections and may increase susceptibility to cardiovascular disease, a Wellcome Trust study in Malawian children finds.

Why parents think your partner isn't good enough
It is common for parents to influence mate choice -- from arranged marriages to more subtle forms of persuasion -- but they often disagree with their children about what makes a suitable partner.

Scientists help tame tidal wave of genomic data using SDSC's trestles
Sequencing the DNA of an organism, whether human, plant, or jellyfish, has become a straightforward task, but assembling the information gathered into something coherent remains a massive data challenge.

Study helps bring genome's 'dark matter' into light
Using technology he helped develop, Vanderbilt University scientist Bryan Venters, Ph.D., has shed new light on the

Wide variation in UK sleep disorders services which doesn't match need
The provision of services to treat an increasingly common sleep disorder linked to serious ill health varies widely across the UK and does not match current need, indicates research published online in Thorax.

African dust storms in our air
Dust clouds from the African Sahara can travel thousands of miles across the Atlantic Ocean, every year and in large quantities.

Dinosaur wind tunnel test provides new insight into the evolution of bird flight
A study into the aerodynamic performance of feathered dinosaurs, by scientists from the University of Southampton, has provided new insight into the evolution of bird flight.

What's that smell? New research sniffs out odor categories with math
Taste can be classified into five flavors that we sense, but how many odors can we smell?

Nanocrystal catalyst transforms impure hydrogen into electricity
Brookhaven Lab scientists use simple, 'green' process to create novel core-shell catalyst that tolerates carbon monoxide in fuel cells and opens new, inexpensive pathways for zero-emission vehicles

Millions harmed each year from unsafe medical care
More than 43 million people are injured worldwide each year due to unsafe medical care.

Can vitamin B supplements help stave off stroke?
New evidence suggests that taking vitamin B supplements may help reduce the risk of stroke.

Hospital readmission rates linked with quality of surgical care
Researchers from Harvard School of Public Health found strong evidence of a relationship between surgical readmission rates and quality of surgical care.

Sam Houston State studies DNA preservation in mass disasters
To help identify victims after mass disasters, such as hurricanes, tsunamis, terrorist attacks, wars or acts of genocide, researchers at Sam Houston State University will investigate new techniques to preserve tissue samples and speed up the DNA identification process.

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