Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 20, 2013
Researchers identify a switch that controls growth of most aggressive brain tumor cells
Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have identified a cellular switch that potentially can be turned off and on to slow down, and eventually inhibit the growth of the most commonly diagnosed and aggressive malignant brain tumor.

10th anniversary of ESMO Designated Centres program to improve palliative care services
This year marks the 10th anniversary of the European Society for Medical Oncology Designated Centres of Integrated Oncology and Palliative Care programme.

TRMM satellite sees system 98W organizing near Guam, Marianas
NASA's TRMM satellite data revealed heavy rainfall and banding of thunderstorms around the southern quadrant of System 98W in the northwestern Pacific near Guam and the Marianas Islands.

NASA sees remnants of Hurricane Manuel soaking northern Mexico, Texas
Two NASA satellites observed Hurricane Manuel as it made landfall in northwestern Mexico and brought rainfall into southwestern Texas.

CRF announces late breaking trials and first report investigations to be presented at TCT 2013
The Cardiovascular Research Foundation has announced the late breaking trials and first report investigations that will be presented at next month's Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics (TCT) 2013 scientific symposium.

Personality a key factor in health care use
Psychiatrists and psychologists have long understood that an individual's personality can define how he or she views the world around them, reacts to situations, and interacts with others.

Promising new alloy for resistive switching memory
Memory based on electrically-induced

Gap closed in the genetic map of kingdom fungi
An international research team headed by Dr. Minou Nowrousian from the Ruhr-Universität Bochum has sequenced the genome of the ascomycete Pyronema confluens, thus closing a gap in the genetic map of fungi.

Elvitegravir fixed combination in HIV: Lesser benefit for treatment-naive patients
Some side effects occur less frequently in treatment-naive patients. Serious side effects overall occur more frequently, however.

Bold idea for 'big data'
Computer networking researchers at Rice University have a new idea for how to handle the mountains of data piling up in the labs of their fellow scientists around campus: Create a customized, energy-efficient optical network that can feed rivers of data to Rice's supercomputers.

Stronger sexual impulses may explain why men cheat more than women, study reveals
A recently published study strongly suggests men succumb to sexual temptations more than women -- for example, cheating on a partner -- because they experience strong sexual impulses, not because they have weak self-control.

Densest array of carbon nanotubes grown to date
Carbon nanotubes' outstanding mechanical, electrical and thermal properties make them an alluring material to electronics manufacturers.

NASA sees super-rapid intensification of Supertyphoon Usagi
The radar on the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission satellite captured an image of Supertyphoon Usagi near the end of a 24-hour period in which Usagi intensified by 65 knots.

Crucial new insight into the secrets of Nobel Prize-winning pump
The Danish scientist Jens Chr. Skou was awarded the Nobel Prize for his discovery of the sodium-potassium pump.

The higher the better?
Researchers now know that even cardiac patients can safely exercise to improve their health.

Pioneering black carbon researcher receives UN 'Champion of the Earth' award
Veerabhadran Ramanathan, a distinguished professor of climate and atmospheric sciences at Scripps Institution of Oceanography, UC San Diego, whose landmark research showed that cutting emissions of black carbon and other short lived climate pollutants can significantly lessen the impacts of regional and global climate change, improve the health of millions of rural poor, and avoid crop losses, will receive tonight a 2013 Champions of the Earth award, the United Nations's highest environmental accolade.

New book on the development of the EU's energy law and policy
Oxford University Press has recently published a new book by UEF Professor of European Law Kim Talus on the development of the EU's energy law and policy.

UC Davis researchers find Neandertals, not modern humans, made first bone tools
A UC Davis student's discovery in a lab helped researchers determine that Neandertals, not modern humans, made first bone tools.

Digoxin use associated with higher risk of death for patients diagnosed with heart failure
Digoxin, a drug commonly used to treat heart conditions, was associated with a 72 percent higher rate of death among adults with newly diagnosed systolic heart failure, according to a Kaiser Permanente study that appears in the current online issue of Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes.

Virginia Tech scientists show why traumatized trees don't 'bleed' to death
Researchers from Virginia Tech, the Georg-August University of Gottingen, Germany, and the Jackson Laboratory of Bar Harbor, Maine, have used a special type of microscope to discover how

3 new species of tiny frogs from the remarkable region of Papua New Guinea
Following the description of the world's smallest frogs, Dr. Fred Klaus now offers three more species of tiny amphibians from the region of Papua New Guinea, described in the open access journal Zookeys.

Getting rid of unwanted visitors
Helicobacter pylori is found in the stomach of humans, where it may cause chronic gastritis and gastric ulcers.

Final piece found in puzzle of brain circuitry controlling fertility
In a landmark discovery, the final piece in the puzzle of understanding how the brain circuitry vital to normal fertility in humans and other mammals operates has been put together by researchers at New Zealand's University of Otago.

UT Arlington bioengineer wants to use nanomedicine to treat peripheral artery disease
A UT Arlington associate professor is working with the American Heart Association on a new method that could use injected nanoparticles to recruit stem cells from the patient's own blood to build needed stents in a patient's failing blood vessels.

Blood pressure cuff may save lives in patients with acute heart attack
Done in the ambulance, this simple and safe intervention has potential to reduce mortality after acute myocardial infarction, shows research from Aarhus University Hospital and Aarhus Universit.

University of Calgary launches Institute for Quantum Science and Technology
The University of Calgary announces the creation of a new institute -- the Institute for Quantum Science and Technology -- a unit dedicated to research, training and outreach in the fast-paced and promising realm of quantum science.

Lithosphere interprets earth
The October 2013 Lithosphere is now online. Locations studied include the Central Iberian Massif in Spain; Arctic Alaska; the Wet Mountains of Central Colorado, USA; the Basgo Formation in northwest India; Crystal Geyser in southeastern Utah, USA; Knight Inlet in the southwestern Coast Mountains Batholith, British Columbia, Canada; and three crustal-scale shear zones in the western Canadian Shield of northern Saskatchewan.

Covert operations: Your brain digitally remastered for clarity of thought
With advances in neurofeedback techniques, the signal-to-noise ratio of the brain activity underlying our thoughts can be remastered, according to a recent discovery in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences by a research team led by Stephen LaConte of the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute.

Patient heal thyself: Solution to treatment for chronic infections could lie in patient's blood
A recent discovery by scientists at A*STAR's Singapore Institute for Clinical Sciences, in close collaboration with researchers at the Singapore Immunology Network, provides hope for a new personalized treatment strategy that could use a patient's own blood to treat the infection.

Geoscience Workforce Currents #75 and #76
Over a 13-month period participants were polled on questions related to how they engaged these entities and what impact a workshop had on their professional development.

NASA HS3 mission reveals Tropical Storm Humberto's hybrid core
NASA's Global Hawk 872 flew over Tropical Storm Humberto on Sept.

Climate change: Polar bears change to diet with higher contaminant loads
Over the past 30 years, polar bears have increasingly exchanged ringed seal with harp seal and hooded seal in their diet.

NSF report details increase in business research and development
According to a recent study published by the National Science Foundation (NSF), businesses spent more on research and development in 2011 than they did in 2010.

New rat genus discovered in the birthplace of the theory of evolution
A prominent tuft of spiny hair on the back, a white tail tip and three pairs of teats represent the unique set of characteristics describing a new genus of rat which has been discovered in the Moluccan province of Indonesia.

NASA sees super typhoon affecting Philippines and Taiwan, headed to China
The most powerful typhoon of 2013 (Usagi) was passing between northern Philippines and southern Taiwan on Sept.

Research minimizes effects of federal produce standards on mushroom industry
Strict requirements on the use of animal manures in fresh produce production imposed by the new federal food-safety law threatened to adversely impact the mushroom industry, which relies on horse and poultry manure for a specialized growth substrate.

Lifestyle influences metabolism via DNA methylation
An unhealthy lifestyle leaves traces in the DNA. These may have specific effects on metabolism, causing organ damage or disease.

Followers' actions affect organization's leadership capacity Wayne State researcher finds
Members of an educational organization contribute to its leadership and can blend personal and social needs to help leaders encourage cooperation, a Wayne State University researcher has found.

Arctic sea ice minimum in 2013 is sixth lowest on record
After an unusually cold summer in the northernmost latitudes, Arctic sea ice appears to have reached its annual minimum summer extent for 2013 on Sept.

Building the best brain: U-M researchers show how brain cell connections get cemented early in life
When we're born, our brains aren't very organized, but as we grow and learn, things get a bit more stable.

Virginia Tech selected for new NIH grant in biomedical research workforce innovation
The future of biomedical research depends upon a sustainable and robust workforce, in which talented, well-trained scientists are best prepared to make significant contributions in academia, industry, government, business, and other venues.

Imaging technique detects pediatric liver disease without need for needle biopsy
A new, non-invasive imaging technique, magnetic resonance elastography, can now help physicians accurately detect fibrosis (scarring) in children with chronic liver disease -- a growing problem due in part to increasing obesity rates.

Virginia Tech to host neuroscience workshop in Switzerland
Nearly two dozen of the world's leading neuroscientists will gather in Switzerland next month to share their latest findings on the mysteries of how the brain processes information and makes decisions.

Prostacyclin analogs and PDE 5 inhibitors synergistically stimulate ATP release from human RBCs
Prostacyclin (PGI2) and phosphodiesterase 5 (PDE5) inhibitors are vasodilators used in the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH).

Microfluidic platform gives a clear look at a crucial step in cancer metastasis
A microfluidic platform provides a high-resolution view of a crucial step in cancer metastasis.

New research on inherited herpesvirus may have implications for transplantation
Research from the University of Leicester shows that inherited human herpesvirus 6, carried by one percent of population, affects telomere stability and may reactivate.

Primary weight maintenance -- a new way to prevent overweight and obesity
The same message to everyone does not work if the goal is to prevent overweight and obesity in the population.

Preventing and improving treatment of Alzheimer's disease
Funded by a generous gift from the Louise and André Charron family to the Armand-Frappier Foundation of INRS University, the chair's research program will focus on prevention, early detection, and improved treatment of the disease, which is a growing problem in North America and around the world.

Scripps Research Institute study explores barriers to HIV vaccine response
Researchers at The Scripps Research Institute discovered that an antibody that binds and neutralizes HIV likely also targets the body's own

Transmitting future asthma by smoking today
A new study confirms the lasting legacy of smoking. In the study, researchers exposed animal mothers to nicotine during pregnancy -- a proxy for smoking -- and found the grandchildren were also at an increased risk for asthma, despite the grandchildren never having been exposed to nicotine themselves.
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