Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 27, 2013
IU research attributes high rates of smoking among mentally ill to addiction vulnerability
People with mental illness smoke at much higher rates than the overall population.

Study finds socio-economic status impact mortality rates for certain stroke in US
Americans in the highest socio-economic groups have a 13 percent greater chance of surviving a kind of stroke known as a subarachnoid hemorrhage than those in the lowest socio-economic groups, a new study has found.

New research helps fight against motor neurone disease
New research from the University of Sheffield could offer solutions into slowing down the progression of motor neurone disease.

Diabetes increases the risk of developing and dying from breast and colon cancer
Diabetes is linked to an increased risk of developing cancer, and now researchers have performed a unique meta-analysis that excludes all other causes of death and found that diabetic patients not only have an increased risk of developing breast and colon cancer but an even higher risk of dying from them.

Early intervention by infectious diseases specialists saves lives, reduces costs
In a first-of-its-kind study to evaluate the impact of a medical specialty on patient outcomes, researchers found that hospitalized patients with severe infections such as meningitis and Clostridium difficile are significantly less likely to die if they receive care from an infectious diseases specialist.

CNIO scientists reduce progression of one of the most aggressive skin cancers in mice
The blockage of the immune response with anti-inflammatory drugs reduced the progression of squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs).

Colorectal cancer screening works
Screening for colorectal cancer (CRC) in European countries is highly effective in reducing mortality from the disease.

Boston Children's issues $150K for pediatric innovation awards
Recognizing transformative advances in pediatric patient care, Boston Children's Hospital today announced three $50,000 Taking on Tomorrow innovation awards.

Everolimus slows disease progression in advanced papillary kidney cancer patients
The first Phase II study to investigate the use of the anti-cancer drug, everolimus, for the initial treatment of advanced papillary kidney cancer has shown that it is successful in slowing or preventing the spread of the disease, according to research to be presented on Sunday at the 2013 European Cancer Congress in Amsterdam.

Latest research suggests moderate coffee consumption is not associated with increased CVD risk
The Institute for Scientific Information on Coffee, highlights latest research on coffee and cardiovascular health to mark World Heart Day.

Greater desertification control using sand trap simulations
In the fight against desertification, so-called straw checkerboard barriers (SCB) play a significant role.

MOgene awarded $1.5 million from US Department of Energy
The MGC project is one of 15 energy projects selected by the ARPA-E to participate in the agency's new REMOTE program -- Reducing Emissions using Methanotrophic Organisms for Transportation Energy.

Study reveals differences in post-operative complications
Older black and Hispanic patients have a greater risk than white patients of developing complications following surgery, a difference that can be explained by a patients' gender and pre-existing medical conditions.

Breathing underwater: Evidence of microscopic life in oceanic crust
Scientists have recently documented that oxygen is disappearing from seawater circulating through deep oceanic crust, a significant first step in understanding the way life in the

TWAS to meet in dynamic Buenos Aires next week
Top scientists and policymakers from the developing world -- including science ministers from at least two nations -- will convene in Buenos Aires, Argentina, on Monday 30 September for a meeting that will explore new research and compelling challenges in science and engineering.

Yoga in menopause may help insomnia -- but not hot flashes
Taking a 12-week yoga class and practicing at home was linked to less insomnia -- but not to fewer or less bothersome hot flashes or night sweats.

Genes against parasites
Each year millions of cattle in Africa are killed by a parasite transmitted by the tsetse fly.

New survey of DNA alterations could aid search for cancer genes
Scanning the DNA of nearly 5,000 tumor samples, a team led by scientists at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and the Broad Institute has identified 140 regions of scrambled genetic code believed to contain many undiscovered cancer genes.

SUNRISE offers new insight on sun's atmosphere
Three months after the flight of the solar observatory Sunrise -- carried aloft by a NASA scientific balloon in early June 2013 -- scientists from the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research in Germany have presented unique insights into a layer on the sun called the chromosphere.

Grant to Rice, UTHealth will push regenerative medicine
Bioengineers at Rice University and The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston will continue their work on craniofacial construction techniques as part of a new Department of Defense grant.

Study: New medical device extremely effective at preventing immunodeficiency virus
An intravaginal ring developed by a Northwestern University visiting professor effectively delivers HIV-preventing drugs for one month.

Combining Chinese and Western medicine could lead to new cancer treatments
Combining traditional forms of Chinese and Western medicine could offer new hope for developing new treatments for liver, lung, colorectal cancers and osteosarcoma of the bones.

Over the limit
Pouring a glass of wine is rarely an exact measurement, especially in a social setting.

Treating chest lymph nodes in early breast cancer patients improves survival
Giving radiation therapy to the lymph nodes located behind the breast bone and above the collar bone to patients with early breast cancer improves overall survival without increasing side effects.

Researchers demonstrate 'accelerator on a chip'
In an advance that could dramatically shrink particle accelerators for science and medicine, researchers used a laser to accelerate electrons at a rate 10 times higher than conventional technology in a nanostructured glass chip smaller than a grain of rice.

Oncogenic signatures mapped in TCGA a guide for the development of personalized therapy
Clinical trial design for new cancer therapies has historically been focused on the tissue of origin of a tumor, but a paper from researchers at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center published in Nature Genetics supports a new approach: one based on the genomic signature of a tumor rather than the tissue of origin in the body.

Baculovirus-recognizing human cell receptor identified for the first time
The receptor used by baculovirus to enter and interact with human cells has been identified.

A new paradigm for nanoscale resolution MRI has been experimentally achieved
A team from the University of Illinois and Northwestern University has devised a novel nuclear magnetic resonance imaging technique that delivers a roughly 10-nanometer spatial resolution.

Pat Cullum and Katherine Lewis explore Roman Catholic thinking on priestly celibacy
The complex and controversial origins of compulsory celibacy for priests are explored in a new book co-edited by two University of Huddersfield historians.

Survival after cancer diagnosis in Europe associated with amount governments spend on health care
The more an EU (European Union) national government spends on health, the fewer the deaths after a cancer diagnosis in that country, according to new research to be presented to the 2013 European Cancer Congress in Amsterdam on Sunday and published simultaneously in the leading cancer journal Annals of Oncology.

New breast cancer imaging technique could cut down on false positives
A joint BYU-Utah research team is developing a new breast cancer screening technique that has the potential to reduce false positives, and, possibly, minimize the need for invasive biopsies.

Nearly $4 million awarded to GW School of Public Health and Health Services researchers
The George Washington University School of Public Health and Health Services has been awarded three large grants for projects that will look for innovative solutions to some of the nation's most pressing public health challenges.

Young patients with metastatic colorectal cancer are at high risk of disease progression and death
Younger patients with colorectal cancer that has spread (metastasized) to other parts of the body represent a high-risk group that is less likely to respond to anti-cancer treatments.

Folic acid deficiency has multigenerational effects
Researchers from the universities of Calgary and Cambridge, UK, have discovered that a mutation in a gene necessary for the metabolism of folic acid not only impacts immediate offspring but can also have detrimental health effects, such as spina bifida and heart abnormalities, on subsequent generations.

Setting blurred images in motion improves perception
Blurred images that are unidentifiable as still pictures become understandable once the images are set in motion.

Anti-cancer drug T-DM1 benefits women with advanced breast cancer who've failed previous treatments
First results from a phase III clinical trial of the combination drug, T-DM1, show that it significantly improves the length of time before the disease worsens in women with advanced HER2 positive breast cancer whose cancer has recurred or progressed despite previous treatments, including trastuzumab and lapatinib.

University of Huddersfield joins €6.2 million European machine tool project
A large machine tool can cost a company many hundreds of thousands of pounds, so potential savings are enormous if its working life can be extended.

FDA-approved antidepressant may combat deadly form of lung cancer, Stanford study finds
A little-used class of antidepressants appears potentially effective in combating a particularly deadly form of lung cancer, according to a new study from researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.

UEF's Digitarium digitises collections of the Natural History Museum of Norway
The digitization center Digitarium at the University of Eastern Finland and the Natural History Museum at the University of Oslo have concluded an agreement (worth NOK 3 million) on the digitization of the museum's herbarium sheets.

Joslin identifies immune cells that promote growth of beta cells in type 1 diabetes
Joslin researchers have identified immune cells that promote growth of beta cells in type 1 diabetes.

Over the limit: Size, shape and color of wine glass affect how much you pour
Researchers at Iowa State and Cornell Universities discovered just how much one pours is influenced by a variety of environmental factors and could have serious consequences when it comes to overconsumption.

Cell nuclei harbor factories that transcribe genes
Copies of the DNA exit the nucleus to be read and translated into proteins in the cell cytoplasm.

Hyperfractionated radiotherapy improves survival in head and neck cancer patients
The use of an intensified form of radiotherapy in patients with locally advanced head and neck cancers can improve overall survival rates compared with standard radiation therapy, according to results from a large study to be presented on Saturday at the 2013 European Cancer Congress in Amsterdam.

Join GSA in New Orleans for the nation's premier aging conference
The Gerontological Society of America invites all journalists to attend its 66th Annual Scientific Meeting -- the country's largest interdisciplinary conference in the field of aging -- from November 20 to 24 in New Orleans.

Research reveals the benefits of strength training as physical exercise for 90-year-olds
After doing specific training for 12 weeks, people over the age of 90 improved their strength, power and muscle mass.

CWRU philosopher examines the hypothesis vs. exploratory funding divide
A Case Western Reserve University professor wondered why some types of research were more apt to secure federal grants, while others -- especially exploratory science -- often didn't.

First step to reduce plant need for nitrogen fertilizer uncovered
Nitrogen fertilizer costs US farmers approximately $8 billion each year, and excess fertilizer can find its way into rivers and streams, damaging the delicate water systems.

Weighing the Antarctic ice sheet
The slow rebound of the bedrock as ice melts can be used to weigh the Antarctic ice sheet and determine how much mass it has lost since the ice sheets reached their maximum extent more than 20,000 years ago and how much it is currently losing.

Bright, laser-based lighting devices
Now investigators at University of California, Santa Barbara, led by material scientists Kristin A.

Understanding how infants acquire new words across cultures
Infants show strong universals as they acquire their native language, but a recent study with infants acquiring Korean also reveals that there are striking language differences.

Rutgers study challenges view that immigrants' children hinder US economic future
Contrary to perceptions shaped by media coverage and public discussion, the number of children in immigrant families is not the primary reason more children are living in poverty, a Rutgers study has found, raising the question of whether federal policies impacting immigrants should be significantly altered.

Longest follow-up of melanoma patients treated with ipilimumab shows some survive up to 10 years
Patients with advanced melanoma, who have been treated with the monoclonal antibody, ipilimumab, can survive for up to ten years, according to the largest analysis of overall survival for these patients, presented at the 2013 European Cancer Congress in Amsterdam on Saturday.

3-D models of electrical streamers
Understanding streamers and the mechanisms behind their initiation, acceleration and branching is necessary to devise better solutions to avoid them.

First long temperature reconstruction for the eastern Mediterranean based on tree rings
For the eastern Mediterranean, an exactly dated time series of almost 900 year length was established, exhibiting the medieval warm period, the little ice age between the 16th and 19th century as well as the transition into the modern warm phase.

Mouse studies reveal promising vitamin D-based treatment for MS
A diagnosis of multiple sclerosis is a hard lot. Patients typically get the diagnosis around age 30 after experiencing a series of neurological problems such as blurry vision, wobbly gait or a numb foot.

New species of fascinating opportunistic shelter using leaf beetles
Builders are rather uncommon among adult leaf beetles though young ones of certain species use own feces to construct a defensive shield.

Mobile tech and talk therapies strike at the moment binge eating urges do
Two new treatment methods under investigation at Drexel University aim to help people reduce behavior associated with binge-eating disorder, which this week was reported twice as common as bulimia.

Repurposed antidepressants have potential to treat small-cell lung cancer
A bioinformatics approach to repurposing drugs resulted in identification of a class of antidepressants as a potential new treatment for small-cell lung cancer, according to a study published in Cancer Discovery, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research.
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