Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 29, 2013
Avahan Aids initiative may have prevented 600,000 HIV infections in India over 10 years
A program funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation may have saved around 600,000 people in India from becoming infected with HIV over the course of a decade, according to a new report.

Promising results for new antibody drug in non-small cell lung cancer patients: Smokers respond well
New results from a trial of an antibody that helps the immune system to recognize and attack cancer cells have shown particularly encouraging responses in patients who are smokers or former smokers, Professor Jean-Charles Soria told the 2013 European Cancer Congress in Amsterdam on Sunday.

KAIST announced a novel technology to produce gasoline by a metabolically engineered microorganism
In the paper (entitled

A review concerning relationships and independence of human number, time and space processing
Perception of number, time, and space are basic cognitive processes that humans use when they interact with their environment.

Scripps Research Institute study finds new moves in protein's evolution
Highlighting an important but unexplored area of evolution, scientists at The Scripps Research Institute have found evidence that, over hundreds of millions of years, an essential protein has evolved chiefly by changing how it moves, rather than by changing its basic molecular structure.

New approaches to testing cancer drugs needed -- ESMO press commentary
Research institutes, regulators and the pharmaceutical industry are urged to cooperate to develop new approaches to testing cancer drugs, in order to bring the revolution in personalised medicine to patients across Europe, says the European Society for Medical Oncology.

Researchers uncover 48 new genetic variants associated with multiple sclerosis
Scientists of the International Multiple Sclerosis Genetics Consortium have identified an additional 48 genetic variants influencing the risk of developing multiple sclerosis.

Organized screening for prostate cancer does more harm than good
Prostate cancer screening using the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test is widely used in France despite a lack of evidence showing that it reduces cancer deaths.

Tiny sensor used in smart phones could create urban seismic network
A tiny chip used in smart phones to adjust the orientation of the screen could serve to create a real-time urban seismic network, easily increasing the amount of strong motion data collected during a large earthquake.

Eilat's corals stand better chance of resilience than other sites
Israel's southern Red Sea resort of Eilat, one of whose prime attractions is its colorful and multi-shaped underwater coral reefs, may have a clear advantage in the future over rival coral-viewing sites around the world, scientists at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and Bar-Ilan University have found.

Largest, most accurate list of RNA editing sites
Researchers have compiled the largest and most rigorously validated list to date of the genetic sites in fruit flies where RNA transcribed from DNA is then edited by an enzyme to affect a wide variety of fundamental biological functions.

Wagon-wheel pasta shape for better LED
One problem in developing more efficient organic LED light bulbs and displays for TVs and phones is that much of the light is polarized in one direction and thus trapped within the light-emitting diode, or LED.

Sequencing studies help pinpoint gene in Prader-Willi syndrome
As so many genome studies do, this study published online in the journal Nature Genetics began with a single patient and his parents who were in search of a diagnosis.

Identifying the disease-causing mechanisms in cancers with unknown primary site improves treatment
Identifying the molecular profile of a tumor where the primary site is unknown is crucial to the choice of treatment, the 2013 European Cancer Congress will hear on Monday in Amsterdam.

Leukemia cells are addicted to a healthy gene
Weizmann Institute researchers discover that a
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