Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 30, 2013
NASA image sees eye in deadly Typhoon Wutip on landfall approach
NASA's Terra satellite passed over Typhoon Wutip on its approach to a landfall in Vietnam and a visible image revealed its 10-mile-wide eye, and large extent.

Testosterone promotes reciprocity in the absence of competition
Boosting testosterone can promote generosity, but only when there is no threat of competition, according to new research published in Psychological Science.

Cancer biggest killer of Hispanic Texans
More Hispanic Texans die from cancer than any other cause, according to a new report by the Comparative Effectiveness Research on Cancer in Texas research group.

An automatic monitoring system has been created for subtitling digital television
Researchers at the Laboratory for Audiovisual Accessibility in Universidad Carlos III of Madrid's Science Park have created a system that analyzes the contents of subtitles on DTTV.

Cocaine use may increase HIV vulnerability
Bethesda, MD -- Cocaine use may increase one's vulnerability to HIV infection, according to a new research report published in the Journal of Leukocyte Biology.

Asthma attack prevention proposal awarded NIH New Innovator grant
Research on an aerosol that jump-starts a rapid immune response to stifle viral respiratory infections before they can provoke asthma attacks has earned major funding from the National Institutes of Health.

Vacuum dust: A previously unknown disease vector
The aerosolized dust created by vacuum cleaners contains bacteria and mold that

UCI achieves rare trifecta: 3 scientists receive New Innovator Awards
UC Irvine scientists Aaron Esser-Kahn, Sunil Gandhi and Ali Mortazavi have been named recipients of the prestigious 2013 National Institutes of Health Director's New Innovator Awards.

National screening strategy for hepatitis C urged for Canada
Canada should begin screening 'Baby Boomers' for the hepatitis C virus infection, since this age group is likely the largest group to have the illness, and most don't know they have it, say a group of liver specialists in the Toronto Western Hospital Francis Family Liver Clinic.

Biochar quiets microbes, including some plant pathogens
In the first study of its kind, Rice University scientists have used synthetic biology to study how a popular soil amendment called biochar can interfere with the chemical signals that some plant pathogens use to coordinate their attacks.

Change AGEnts will enable evidence-based improvements for health care practice
The Gerontological Society of America has been awarded a $5 million grant from the John A.

Baby bed-sharing on the rise, but healthcare providers can help reverse trend
The number of infants sharing a bed with their caregivers increased between 1993 and 2010, especially among black and Hispanic families, but this unhealthy trend could be reversed with education from healthcare providers, according to Yale School of Medicine researchers.

CU Cancer Center study: Young patients with metastatic colorectal cancer at higher risk
Younger patients with colorectal cancer that has spread to other parts of the body represent a high-risk group that is less likely to respond to treatment.

Researchers ferret out function of autism gene
Researchers say it's clear that some cases of autism are hereditary, but have struggled to draw direct links between the condition and particular genes.

Short-term hearing loss can cause long-term problem
Short-term hearing loss during childhood may lead to persistent hearing deficits, long after basic auditory sensitivity has returned to normal.

Skin receptors convey sensation of texture through vibrations
New research shows that humans distinguish the difference between fine textures, such as silk or satin, through vibrations, which are picked up by two separate sets of nerve receptors in the skin and relayed to the brain.

Improving lithium-ion batteries with nanoscale research
New research led by an electrical engineer at the University of California, San Diego is aimed at improving lithium-ion batteries through possible new electrode architectures with precise nano-scale designs.

Tufts biomedical researcher receives NIH Director's new Innovator Award
Bree Aldridge, Ph.D., microbiologist and bioengineer at Tufts University School of Medicine, has received a 2013 National Institutes of Health Director's New Innovator Award, which supports creative new scientists working on innovative biomedical research projects.

Regular primary care visits lower colorectal cancer incidence, death, and all-cause mortality
Below is information about articles being published in the Oct.

Treating heart failure with exercise
Can exercise prevent and treat the only cardiovascular disease that is increasing in prevalence in the Western world?

New insights into DNA repair process may spur better cancer therapies
By detailing a process required for repairing DNA breakage, scientists at the Duke Cancer Institute have gained a better understanding of how cells deal with the barrage of damage that can contribute to cancer and other diseases.

IUPUI research explores reducing burnout for mental health workers
A national research funding organization dedicated to improving patient-centered outcomes in the health care system has awarded $1.5 million to a team of Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis researchers to study how staff burnout affects the treatment and progress of mental health patients.

UW engineers invent programming language to build synthetic DNA
A team led by the University of Washington has developed a programming language for chemistry that it hopes will streamline efforts to design a network that can guide the behavior of chemical-reaction mixtures in the same way that embedded electronic controllers guide cars, robots and other devices.

Study examines adverse neonatal outcomes associated with early-term birth
Early-term births (37 to 38 weeks gestation) are associated with higher neonatal morbidity (illness) and with more neonatal intensive care unit or neonatology service admissions than term births (39 to 41 weeks gestation), according to a study by Shaon Sengupta, M.D., M.P.H., now of the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and formerly of the University at Buffalo, N.Y., and colleagues.

How does divorce affect a man's health?
Divorced men have higher rates of mortality, substance abuse, depression, and lack of social support, according to a new article in Journal of Men's Health.

ASU researchers developing sustainable ways to manage locust outbreaks worldwide
A team of scientists from Arizona State, Colorado State, McGill and Yale universities are launching a new collaborative project to learn how human behavior, market forces and ecological systems interact over time to affect the outcomes of locust swarms.

'Waviness' explains why carbon nanotube forests have low stiffness
A new study has found that

New findings on combined radiation injury from nuclear disaster
A nuclear bomb or nuclear reactor accident can produce a deadly combination of radiation exposure and injuries such as burns and trauma.

Mayo Clinic researchers apply regenerative medicine to battlefield injuries
Mayo Clinic researchers are part of the second phase of a national consortium that focuses on developing innovative medical treatments for wounded veterans.

University of Utah researchers receive NIH Director's New Innovator Award
Adam Frost, M.D., Ph.D., a professor of biochemistry, and Ryan O'Connell, Ph.D., an assistant professor of pathology, were selected to receive the NIH Director's New Innovator Award from a competitive, national field of researchers.

Building disaster-relief phone apps on the fly
Researchers at MIT & the Qatar Computing Research Institute combine powerful new Web standards with the intuitive, graphical MIT App Inventor to aid relief workers with little programming expertise.

Registration open for SPSP 2014 in Austin (Feb. 13-15)
The 15th annual meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology will bring together 3,500 scientists to share their latest research in 80 symposia and more than 2,000 posters.

Better protein creation may be secret of longevity for the world's longest-living rodent
Biologists at the University of Rochester conclude that a better protein-making process helps naked mole rats live long, healthy lives.

Virginia Tech engineer receives NIH New Innovator Award to study flu virus
Linsey Marr, a Virginia Tech civil and environmental engineering faculty member, is receiving a National Institutes of Health New Innovator Award valued at $2.28 million over five years, in support of her research on influenza transmission by bioaerosols.

What works for women doesn't work for men
Flushed face, sweating, a sudden rush of heat. The hot flash, the bane of menopausal women, also can affect men who are undergoing hormone therapy for prostate cancer.

NIST unveils prototype video imaging system for remote detection of hidden threats
By adapting superconducting technology used in advanced telescope cameras, NIST researchers have built a prototype video imaging system for detecting hidden weapons and other threats at distances up to 28 meters away.

NIH awards Wang highly competitive Transformative Research Award
Lihong Wang, Ph.D., of Washington University in St. Louis, has received a 2013 Transformative Research Award from the National Institutes of Health.

Psychotropic medication use, including stimulants, in young children leveling off
The use of psychotropic prescription medications to treat ADHD, mood disorders, anxiety and other mental health disorders in very young children appears to have leveled off.

Fique fibers from Andes Mountains part of miracle solution for dye pollution, find scientists
A cheap and simple process using natural fibers embedded with nanoparticles can almost completely rid water of harmful textile dyes in minutes, report Cornell University and Colombian researchers who worked with native Colombian plant fibers.

New research links individual animal behavior with social spacing
Certain animal species are capable of coordinating their spatial behavior to cover terrain by maintaining areas of exclusive use while sharing other regions of space with their neighbors, new research has found.

Virtual tombstones, tattoo tributes and mourning T-shirts are growing in popularity
Blending cremated remains into tattoos, creating

New map of insulin pathway could lead to better diabetes drugs
A team led by scientists at the Scripps Research Institute has created the first comprehensive roadmap of the protein interactions that enable cells in the pancreas to produce, store and secrete the hormone insulin.

Renowned addiction specialist Charles O'Brien to receive prestigious French Legion of Honor Medal
Charles P. O'Brien, M.D., Ph.D., the Kenneth Appel Professor in the department of Psychiatry at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, has been selected to receive the Medal of Chevalier (Knight) of the French National Order of the Legion of Honor, one of the country's highest honors.

New technique helps biologists save the world's threatened seagrass meadows
Danish and Australian biologists have developed a technique to determine if seagrass contain sulfur.

When cells 'eat' their own power plants; Pitt scientists solve mystery of cellular process
A team of University of Pittsburgh scientists reports in the Oct.

Do black holes have hair?
Black holes may be less simple and

First estimate of radiotherapy dose wasted in compensating for between-treatment tumor growth
For the first time, researchers have estimated the daily dose of radiotherapy that could be wasted in compensating for cancer cell growth that occurs overnight and during weekends in patients with early breast cancer.

Stanford-developed technique induces egg growth in infertile women, and 1 gives birth
Researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine have identified a way to induce the ovaries of some infertile women to produce eggs.

UC Davis researchers discover a biological link between diabetes and heart disease
UC Davis Health System researchers have identified for the first time a biological pathway that is activated when blood sugar levels are abnormally high and causes irregular heartbeats, a condition known as cardiac arrhythmia that is linked with heart failure and sudden cardiac death.

When ICUs get busy, doctors triage patients more efficiently, Penn study finds
A new study by Penn Medicine researchers published Oct. 1 in the Annals of Internal Medicine found that busy intensive care units (ICUs) discharge patients more quickly than they otherwise would and do so without adversely affecting patient outcomes -- suggesting that low-value extensions of ICU stays are minimized during times of increased ICU capacity strain.

Infrared NASA imagery shows some strength in Tropical Depression Sepat
Tropical Depression Sepat formed in the northwestern Pacific Ocean and NASA's Aqua satellite captured infrared data on the storm, revealing some strong thunderstorms.

Small brain biopsies can be used to grow large numbers of patient's own brain cells
Scientists have grown brain cells in the laboratory that may be re-integrated into patients' brains to treat neurological conditions.

New study shows blood test detected cancer metastasis
Researchers identified important similarities and differences between human and canine breast tumors, providing a platform for future research using the canine model system.

Leisure-time exercise could lower your risk of high blood pressure
People who exercised more than four hours per week in their leisure time had a 19 percent lower risk of high blood pressure than people who didn't exercise much.

With increased age comes decreased risk-taking in decision-making
When faced with uncertain situations, people are less able to make decisions as they age, according to a new study by researchers at Yale School of Medicine.

Atherosclerosis: The Janus-like nature of JAM-A
A new study by Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet in Munich researchers led by Christian Weber sheds light on the role of the adhesion molecule JAM-A in the recruitment of immune cells to the inner layer of arteries -- which promotes the development of atherosclerosis.

PV production grows despite a crisis-driven decline in investment
Global production of photovoltaic (PV) cells grew by 10 percent in 2012 in comparison to 2011 despite a 9 percent decline in solar energy investments according to the annual

Massachusetts primary care malpractice claims related to alleged misdiagnoses
Most of the primary care malpractice claims filed in Massachusetts are related to alleged misdiagnoses, according to study by Gordon D.

NIH awards $17 million in grants to augment genomics research in Africa
NIH awarded 10 new grants totaling up to $17 million over the next four years to support genomics research in Africa, as part of the H3Africa program.

Less blood clot risk is linked to estradiol than to Premarin pills
Women can choose among several types of estrogen pills, which are equally effective at relieving menopausal symptoms.

Erratic proteins: New insights into a transport mechanism
The outer membrane of bacteria contains many proteins that form tiny pores.

Study finds continual increase in bed sharing among black, hispanic infants
The proportion of infants bed sharing with caregivers increased between 1993 and 2010, especially among black and Hispanic families, according to a study published by JAMA Pediatrics, a JAMA Network publication.

The world's sharpest X-ray beam shines at DESY
The world's sharpest X-ray beam shines at DESY. At the X-ray light source PETRA III, scientists from Göttingen generated a beam with a diameter of barely 5 nanometres -- this is ten thousand times thinner than a human hair.

Computer program lets users learn keyboard shortcuts with minimal effort
A computer scientist from Saarbrucken has developed a software which assists users in identifying and learning shortcuts so that they can become as fast as expert users.

'Balancing' the 1-year mission risks
Spaceflight causes changes in physiological systems that can affect things like balance, strength, vision and endurance.

Scripps Florida scientist wins prestigious NIH New Innovator Award
Scott Hansen, Ph.D., an assistant professor in the Department of Molecular Therapeutics on the Florida campus of the Scripps Research Institute has won a prestigious New Innovator Award from the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke of the National Institutes of Health.

Quantum computers: Trust is good, proof is better
A quantum computer can solve tasks where a classical computer fails.

International 'war' on illegal drugs is failing to curb supply
The international war on illegal drugs is failing to curb supply, despite the increasing amounts of resource being ploughed into law enforcement activities, finds research published in the online journal BMJ Open.

Liquid biopsy could improve cancer diagnosis and treatment
A microfluidic chip developed at the University of Michigan is among the best at capturing elusive circulating tumor cells from blood -- and it can support the cells' growth for further analysis.

Biological therapy with cediranib improves survival in women with recurrent ovarian cancer
Women with ovarian cancer that has recurred after chemotherapy have survived for longer after treatment with a biological therapy called cediranib, according to new results to be presented on Monday at the 2013 European Cancer Congress in Amsterdam.

Student experiments take flight on Cygnus cargo craft
The goal of the Cygnus cargo spacecraft flight may be to show the vehicle's capabilities to send research and supplies to the world's only orbiting laboratory, but when the flight docked on Sunday, Sept.

Concerns over mercury levels in fish may be unfounded
New research from the Children of the 90s study at the University of Bristol (UK) suggests that fish accounts for only seven per cent of mercury levels in the human body.

University of Tennessee professor to investigate mysterious clams key to biodiversity
Research into mysterious clams called lucinids by a University of Tennessee professor could have implications for the recovery and management of fast-disappearing coastal environments.

NASA sees tropical depression 22w taking a northern route in northwestern Pacific
The twenty-first and twenty-second tropical depressions of the northwestern Pacific Ocean formed on Sept.

Research shows how aspirin may act on blood platelets to improve survival in colon cancer patients
Researchers believe they have discovered how aspirin improves survival in patients diagnosed with colon cancer, the 2013 European Cancer Congress heard on Monday in Amsterdam.

Navatar Glass app may help blind individuals navigate indoor environments
Navatar, a technology developed at the University of Nevada, Reno to help the blind navigate indoor environments, may become more usable, accurate and non-obtrusive using the popular wearable computing technology called Google Glass.

Trial combining anti-cancer drug and radiotherapy may lead to treatment for brain tumor
New trial combining anti-cancer drug and radiotherapy may result in a new treatment for the most aggressive brain tumor according to research presented by Professor Wolfgang Wick to the 2013 European Cancer Congress on Monday in Amsterdam.

Medicare plans understate risky prescribing rates
An analysis of a quality measure that Medicare Advantage plans self-report to the government finds that the insurers almost always err in their own favor.

Coimbra Genomics and BGI join forces to conquer stomach cancer
Coimbra Genomics and BGI join forces to conquer stomach cancer.

ForWarn follows rapidly changing forest conditions
US Forest Service and partner scientists are keeping a watchful eye on forest health.

Stepping up the Pace: 20th International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2014) theme selected
The International AIDS Conference is the largest gathering of professionals working in the field of HIV, including scientists, activists, policy makers and people living with HIV.

AGI's 2013 Status of Recent Geoscience Graduates report released
In the first study of its kind, the American Geosciences Institute Workforce Program has published the results of the National Geoscience Student Exit Survey.

The immune system benefits from life in the countryside
Research from Aarhus University has demonstrated that exposure to a farming environment may prevent or dampen hypersensitivities and allergies -- even in adults.

Study evaluates population-wide testing, early treatment for HIV prevention
A study in South Africa and Zambia will assess whether house-to-house voluntary HIV testing and prompt treatment of HIV infection, along with other proven HIV prevention measures, can substantially reduce the number of new HIV infections across communities.

Plentiful mid-life stress linked to heightened risk of dementia in late life
Coping with a lot of stress in middle age may boost the risk of developing dementia in late life -- at least among women -- suggests research published in the online journal BMJ Open.

Secrets of Antarctic extremohiles that survive in cold salty water
A UNSW-led team of scientists has uncovered the genetic secrets of

Emergency room visits for kids with concussions skyrocketing
Researchers report a skyrocketing increase in the number of visits to the emergency department for kids with sports-related traumatic brain injuries, such as concussions.

Presentations of new research in otolaryngology -- head and neck surgery
The 2013 Annual Meeting & OTO EXPO of the American Academy of Otolaryngology -- Head and Neck Surgery Foundation, the largest meeting of ear, nose, and throat doctors in the world, convenes today through Wednesday, Oct.

NASA's Cassini spacecraft finds ingredient of household plastic in space
NASA's Cassini spacecraft has detected propylene, a chemical used to make food-storage containers, car bumpers and other consumer products, on Saturn's moon Titan.

Depression and mental health services usage
More than half the people in Ontario who reported they had major depression did not use physician-based mental health services in the following year, a new study has found.

Beyond the little blue pill: scientists develop compound that may treat priapism
Bethesda, MD--It's not the little blue pill famous for helping men get big results, but the outcome might be more significant.

Dartmouth researchers receive $5.9 million grant from NIH for lung research
The NIH has awarded a $5.9 million grant to support an Institutional Development Award Lung Biology Center of Biomedical Research Excellence (COBRE) at the Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth.

$1.5 million NCI Grant to aid Huntsman Cancer Institute researcher study melanoma, sun damage link
The National Cancer Institute has awarded Huntsman Cancer Institute investigator Matt VanBrocklin, Ph.D., more than $1.5 million over the next five years to continue studying the role of a gene called c-KIT in the origin and growth of melanoma, a devastating and sometimes deadly skin cancer.

Climate change: Fast out of the gate, slow to the finish the gate
Research has focused on the amount of global warming resulting from increased greenhouse gas concentrations.

Elsevier announces the launch of a new journal: Energy Research & Social Science
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, today announced the launch of the Energy Research & Social Science, a new journal dedicated to examining the relationship between energy systems and society.

The State of Oncology 2013
A proposal for a new financing model to tackle the major disparities that exist in the prevention, diagnosis, treatment and outcome of cancer in countries worldwide has been presented at the 2013 European Cancer Congress.

Cold, salty and promiscuous -- Gene-shuffling microbes dominate Antarctica's Deep Lake
Antarctica's Deep Lake is a saltwater ecosystem that remains liquid in extreme cold.

Olympians say poor oral health is impairing performance
Many of the elite sportsmen and women who competed at the London 2012 Olympic Games had poor levels of oral health similar to those experienced by the most disadvantaged populations.

Study compares 2 commonly used estrogen drugs and cardiovascular safety
The oral hormone therapy conjugated equine estrogens, which is used by women to relieve menopause symptoms, appears to be associated with increased risk for venous thrombosis (VT, blood clots) and possibly myocardial infarction (heart attack), but not ischemic stroke risk, when compared with the hormone therapy oral estradiol, according to a study published by JAMA Internal Medicine, a JAMA Network publication.

And in the beginning was histone 1
Headed by Ferran Azorín, also CSIC Research professor, the Chromatin Structure and Function group at the IRB Barcelona has identified a protein in Drosophila that keeps the zygotic genome inactive until the correct moment.

Young children recognize cigarette brands in developing countries with most smokers
Nearly two-thirds of young children in low- and middle-income countries can identify cigarette brand logos, according to researchers at the University of Maryland School of Public Health and Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

UCLA engineers develop new metabolic pathway to more efficiently convert sugars into biofuels
UCLA chemical engineering researchers have created a new synthetic metabolic pathway for breaking down glucose that could lead to a 50 percent increase in the production of biofuels.

Americans don't contribute enough to retirement funds, MU researcher finds
University of Missouri researchers have found that more than 90 percent of future retirees are contributing only a minimal amount of their salaries to their retirement funds.

Zinc, proteins, and an essential cellular balancing act
Scientists at the University of Wisconsin-Madison have made a discovery that, if replicated in humans, suggests a shortage of zinc may contribute to diseases like Alzheimer's and Parkinson's, which have been linked to defective proteins clumping together in the brain.

Alcohol leaving the UK charts with a hangover
Are we allowing alcohol marketing to children and teens via the music they love?

Niacin, the fountain of youth
The vitamin niacin has a life-prolonging effect, as Michael Ristow has demonstrated in roundworms.

Microbial restoration of the inflamed gut
A team led by gastroenterologists Sieglinde Angelberger and Walter Reinisch (Medical University Vienna) and microbiologists David Berry and Alexander Loy (University of Vienna) explored how a treatment called

Optical sensors improve railway safety
A string of fiber-optic sensors running along a 36-km stretch of high-speed commuter railroad lines connecting Hong Kong to mainland China has taken more than 10 million measurements over the past few years in a demonstration that the system can help safeguard commuter trains and freight cars against accidents.

Traces of immense prehistoric ice sheets
Geologists and geophysicists of the Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, discovered traces of large ice sheets from the Pleistocene on a seamount off the north-eastern coast of Russia.

Scripps Research Institute study finds new moves in protein's evolution
Highlighting an important but unexplored area of evolution, scientists at The Scripps Research Institute have found evidence that, over hundreds of millions of years, an essential protein has evolved chiefly by changing how it moves, rather than by changing its basic molecular structure.

NASA's TRMM satellite examines Atlantic's Tropical Storm Jerry
Tropical Depression 11 formed in the central Atlantic Ocean and NASA's TRMM satellite passed overhead and gathered information and identified a

Study finds tungsten in aquifer groundwater controlled by pH, oxygen
Geologists found that the likelihood that tungsten will seep into an aquifer's groundwater depends on the groundwater's pH level, the amount of oxygen in the aquifer and the number of oxidized particles in the water and sediment.

UCSB research group develops a new tool for studying membrane protein structure
Membrane proteins are responsible for transporting chemicals and messages between a cell and its environment.

Autistic kids have poorer sleep quality than their peers right up to their teens
Children with autistic spectrum disorders have poorer sleep quality than their peers right up to their teens, reveals research published online in the Archives of Disease in Childhood.

Finding the place where the brain creates illusory shapes and surfaces
Neuroscientists have identified the location in the brain's visual cortex responsible for generating a common perceptual illusion: Seeing shapes and surfaces that don't really exist when viewing a fragmented background.

First global study confirms widely held practices on science, math, & reading education
Researchers at the TIMSS and PIRLS International Study Center at Boston College examine what makes up

Frontiers launches a new open-access journal in Cell and Developmental Biology
How cells concert their basic functions to react to the environment, communicate and collaborate and how gene expression affects cell fate are just a few of the questions the journal will address.

3 of 4 are aware of ACA individual mandate; only 4 of 10 aware of marketplaces, subsidies
Three-quarters of US adults are aware of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate, while only four of 10 are aware of the new health insurance marketplaces opening on Oct.

Entering a new dimension: 4-D printing
Imagine an automobile coating that changes its structure to adapt to a humid environment or a salt-covered road, better protecting the car from corrosion.
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