Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 07, 2013
Plastic waste is a hazard for subalpine lakes too
Many subalpine lakes may look beautiful and even pristine, but new evidence suggests they may also be contaminated with potentially hazardous plastics.

Exceptional fossil fish reveals new evolutionary mechanism for body elongation
The elongated body of some present-day fish evolved in different ways.

Wedded bliss or blues? UC Berkeley scientists link DNA to marital satisfaction
What makes some people more prone to wedded bliss or sorrow than others?

New research shows PET imaging effective in predicting lung cancer outcomes
Advanced imaging with positron emission tomography (PET) scan shows great promise in predicting which patients with inoperable lung cancer have more aggressive tumors and need additional treatment following standard chemotherapy/radiation therapy, according to new research recently published online in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

Improving the quality of clinical ethics consultants
Clinical ethicists play a vital role in hospitals and other health care systems by helping to resolve ethical conflicts that arise between patients, families, and clinicians about end-of-life care and other important medical decisions.

Boston University researchers test effectiveness of treatments for alcoholism and anxiety
Domenic Ciraulo, M.D., chair of psychiatry at Boston University School of Medicine and David H.

Legislation may cause data deficit for researchers, small businesses
Small farms and businesses may be the unintended victims of legislation aimed at cutting the federal budget by eliminating certain sets of local and county-based economic data, according to a group of economists.

Study shows how neurons enable us to know smells we like and dislike, whether to approach or retreat
What underlying biological mechanisms account for our seemingly instant, almost unconscious ability to determine how attractive (or repulsive) a particular smell is?

Pediatric atrial fibrillation, rare, but has serious complications risk & high recurrence rates
Atrial fibrillation (AF), characterized by a rapid and irregular heartbeat, is the most common chronic arrhythmia in adults, but is rare in children.

Budnik gets EUREKA grant to study communication between nucleus and cytoplasm
University of Massachusetts Medical School Professor and Vice Chair of Neurobiology Vivian Budnik, Ph.D., has received a four-year, $1.3 million EUREKA (Exceptional Unconventional Research Enabling Knowledge Acceleration) grant from the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke to explore a novel mechanism of communication between the cytoplasm and the nucleus, called nuclear envelope budding, that may lead to new understandings for various tissue dystrophies and aging disorders.

Cells prefer nanodiscs over nanorods
For years scientists have been working to fundamentally understand how nanoparticles move throughout the human body.

How JC Polyomavirus invades cells
A new study in the Journal of Virology identifies the means by which the JC Polyomavirus enters host cells.

New microfluidic approach for the directed assembly of functional materials
Researchers from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a new approach with applications in materials development for energy capture and storage and for optoelectronic materials.

What makes triathletes so tough?
Why do triathletes have such remarkable endurance and exceptional athletic abilities?

Unexpected genomic change through 400 years of French-Canadian history
Researchers at the Sainte-Justine University Hospital Center and University of Montreal have discovered that the genomic signature inherited by today's 6 million French-Canadians from the first 8,500 French settlers who colonized New France some 400 years ago has gone through an unparalleled change in human history, in a remarkably short timescale.

Research shows 'advergames' promote unhealthy foods for kids
Not only do some online video games promote a less-than-active lifestyle for children, the content of some of these games also may be contributing to unhealthy diets.

NJIT professor offers math-based projections for MLB postseason
Now that Major League Baseball's regular season has ended with the exciting one-game tiebreaker that got the Rays to the next round, and with the Rays and the Pirates winning the one game playoff for the wild card team, NJIT math professor Bruce Bukiet has once again begun analyzing the probability of each team advancing through each round of baseball's postseason.

Risk factors for MACE following noncardiac surgery for patients with coronary stents
Emergency surgery and advanced cardiac disease are risk factors for major adverse cardiac events after noncardiac surgery in patients with recent coronary stent implantation, according to a study published by JAMA.

New drug candidate found for fungal lung infections
Lung infections caused by breathing in the spores of the fungus Histoplasma capsulatum are on the rise.

2 Gladstone scientists inducted into the California Academy of Sciences
In an unprecedented move, the California Academy of Sciences today will induct two scientists from the Gladstone Institutes, President R.

Air pollution and psychological distress during pregnancy
Maternal psychological distress combined with exposure to air pollution during pregnancy have an adverse impact on children's behavioral development.

Adult ADHD undertreated despite effective interventions
ADHD affects around 3-4 percent of adults, causing a host of psychosocial impairments that affect daily living, according to research presented at the 26th ECNP Congress.

Abusive parenting may have a biological basis
Parents who physically abuse their children appear to have a physiological response that subsequently triggers more harsh parenting when they attempt parenting in warm, positive ways, according to new research.

Study identifies essential molecule in formation of differentiated blood cells
New research in the Journal of Experimental Medicine identifies a protein that controls the formation of different types of mature blood cells -- a finding that could be important to developing new treatments for blood diseases and helping realize the potential of regenerative medicine.

EU development goals left in the shadow of trade policy
The eradication of poverty and advancement of sustainable development are key goals in the European Union, but they suffer from compromises and policy incoherence for development, says the first doctoral dissertation on the topic.

Penn State to lead cyber-security Collaborative Research Alliance
Creating a science to detect and model cyber attacks and the risk and motivations behind them, and creating a response that can counter the attack and neutralize the cyber attackers in real time, is the aim of a cooperative agreement between the Army Research Laboratory and Penn State.

Study tracks factors linked to creation of accountable care organizations
Regions of the US where doctors and hospitals are consolidated into large networks are more likely to have accountable care organizations, medical practice structures intended to improve medical care and cut costs, according to a new study.

Scientists find soaring variety of malaria parasites in bats
Researchers have discovered a surprising diversity of malaria parasites in West African bats as well as new evidence of evolutionary jumps to rodent hosts.

Study: Lance Armstrong failed social media, too
Lance Armstrong used Twitter to employ image-repair strategies in a way that cultivated followers and countered media reports.

Microsatellites are repetitive, but the lab work doesn't have to be
Researchers at the University of Cincinnati have established a method that increases the ease and affordability of microsatellite marker development -- streamlining the process by reducing the number of steps involved.

Evolutionary question answered: Ants more closely related to bees than to most wasps
Genome sequencing and bioinformatics resolves a long-standing, evolutionary issue, demonstrating that ants and bees are more closely related to each other than they are to certain wasps.

New research sheds light on abnormal heart muscle thickening and potential treatment
While most people would consider a big heart to be a good thing, for heart disease experts, it is often a sign of serious disease.

Study identifies possible biomarker for Parkinson's disease
Investigators from Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center find that elevated levels of alpha-synuclein protein can be detected in the skin of Parkinson's disease patients.

Incentives help Mass. General's physicians organization reach quality-improvement goals
A program offering modest financial incentives to salaried Massachusetts General Hospital-affiliated physicians who achieve specific quality improvement targets has helped the organization meet goals related to the adoption of electronic health technology, improved quality and efficiency, and communication with patients and other providers.

Social transformation and the digital age
Montreal will host the 2nd World Social Science Forum that will bring together more than 750 experts from all spheres of social sciences and other disciplines.

South Africa reverses mortality trend in children under 5
Over the past decade, South Africa has made a dramatic reversal in child survival -- mainly because of improvements in HIV/AIDS care, reports a study in AIDS, official journal of the International AIDS Society.

More profitable biogas production by optimization of anaerobic waste digestion
VTT Technological Research Centre of Finland coordinates a new European project, which focuses on studying anaerobic digestion (AD) of organic waste and developing its control.

Explosive dynamic behaviour on Twitter and in the financial market
By analysing data from the social networking service, Twitter, and stock trading in the financial market, researchers from the Niels Bohr Institute have shown that events in society bring rise to common behavior among large groups of people who do not otherwise know each other The analysis shows that there are common features in user activity on Twitter and in stock market transactions in the financial market.

On the political fringes, feelings of superiority abound
Ideologues on both ends of the political spectrum are equally likely to believe their opinions are superior to others', but their feelings of superiority emerge for distinct political issues, according to new research published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

'White graphene' halts rust in high temps
Films of hexagonal boron nitride a few nanometers thick protect materials from oxidizing at high temperatures.

Seniors in long-term care residences: high risk of head injuries
Seniors in long-term care facilities are at high risk of head injuries, with 37 percent of people experiencing head impact in falls, according to a study published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).

For liberals and conservatives, 'belief superiority' is bipartisan
As the budget crisis drags on, at least conservatives and liberals have something in common: Both believe their views on certain issues are not only correct but all other views are inferior.

Virtual simulation program to train home health workers
Thanks to a three-year, $870,000 grant from the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, a part of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, University of Louisville School of Nursing Shirley B.

No 'weekend effect' seen following appendix removal operations
Patients who undergo surgical removal of the appendix on a weekend do not experience more postoperative complications than those who undergo the same operation on weekdays, but they do pay slightly more in hospital charges, a new national study finds.

USPSTF updates recos on youth blood pressure screening
Below is information about an article being published early online in Annals of Internal Medicine.

Methane seeps of the deep sea: A bacteria feast for lithodid crabs
Cold seeps are the basis for a surprising diversity in the desert-like deep sea.

Building a better fish trap: WCS reduces fish bycatch with escape gaps in Africa
Scientists from the Wildlife Conservation Society and the Kenyan Marine and Fisheries Research Institute have achieved a milestone in Africa: they've helped build a better fish trap, one that keeps valuable fish in while letting undersized juvenile fish and non-target species out.

Poor nutritional status before bladder operation causes higher risk of complications
Patients with bladder cancer are two times more likely to have complications after a radical cystectomy procedure if they have a biomarker for poor nutritional status before the operation, according to study findings presented today at the 2013 Clinical Congress of the American College of Surgeons.

Health-care providers should aggressively treat unhealthy lifestyles
Unhealthy habits, such as smoking, poor diet, and being overweight should be treated as aggressively as high blood pressure, high cholesterol and other cardiovascular disease risk factors.

How do stress hormones during pregnancy predict adult nicotine addiction?
Adult women whose mothers had increased levels of stress hormones while they were pregnant are at greater risk of becoming addicted to nicotine, according to a new study led by a Miriam Hospital researcher.

Rhode Island Hospital uncovers pathway linking heartburn and esophageal cancer
More than 60 million adults in the US have acid reflux, or heartburn, and approximately 10 percent are at risk for developing esophageal cancer, due in part to complications from Barrett's esophagus.

UltraHaptics -- it's magic in the air
A system that allows users to experience multi-point haptic feedback above an interactive surface without having to touch or hold any device will be unveiled this week, Friday Oct.

Emerging applications of Bio-Rad's Droplet Digitalā„¢ PCR Technology highlighted at the 2013 Digital PCR Conference
Droplet digital PCR technology users highlight their approaches to HIV detection, cancer research and other emerging applications at CHI's annual Digital PCR Conference.

GABA inverse agonist restores cognitive function in Down's syndrome
Promising new evidence in mice trials presented at the 26th ECNP Congress suggests GABA inverse agonist could reverse cognitive impairment and improve learning in people born with Down's syndrome.

Use of post-operative blood clot rate as measure of hospital quality may be flawed
A new study published by JAMA questions using the rate of postoperative blood clots as a hospital quality measure.

USC study: Unlocking biology with math
Scientists at USC have created a mathematical model that explains and predicts the biological process that creates antibody diversity -- the phenomenon that keeps us healthy by generating robust immune systems through hypermutation.

Innovative wideband ring voltage-controlled oscillator (VCO) by UNIST undergraduate
A Korean undergraduate student at UNIST developed a new wideband ring voltage-controlled oscillator, which is a key component of an IR-UWB Radar system.

Scientists unlock secret of cattle ticks' resistance to pesticide
Scientists have discovered how a tick which transmits devastating diseases to cattle has developed resistance to one of the main pesticides used to kill it.

Scientists invent a better way to make antibody-guided therapies
Chemists at the Scripps Research Institute have devised a new technique for connecting drug molecules to antibodies to make advanced therapies.

Better robot vision
An MIT researcher finds that a neglected statistical tool could help robots better understand the objects in the world around them.

Proof of human migration from Sweden to Poland during the Early Bronze Age
During the Early Bronze Age there was a very high level of territorial mobility of the Unetice culture in Silesia, a large community inhabiting the south western territories of Poland approximately 4,000 years ago.

Nearly 1 in 10 young people report perpetrating sexual violence
Nearly 1 in 10 people 21 years of age or younger reported perpetrating some type of coercive or forced sexual violence during their lifetime, and perpetrators reported more exposure to violent X-rated material, according to a study published by JAMA Pediatrics, a JAMA Network publication.

Battling defiant leukemia cells
Two gene alterations pair up to promote the growth of leukemia cells and their escape from anti-cancer drugs, according to a study in The Journal of Experimental Medicine.

Study casts light on addressing domestic violence among female US veterans
A new study, published in Springer's Journal of Family Violence, casts light on how health care providers respond to the emotional, sexual and physical violence that female veterans sometimes experience at the hands of their intimate partners.

Babies learn to anticipate touch in the womb
Babies learn how to anticipate touch while in the womb, according to new research by Durham and Lancaster universities.

Disney Research develops algorithm for rendering 3-D tactile features on touch surfaces
A person sliding a finger across a topographic map displayed on a touch screen can feel the bumps and curves of hills and valleys, despite the screen's smooth surface, with the aid of a novel algorithm created by Disney Research, Pittsburgh for tactile rendering of 3-D features and textures.

Long-term care seniors at high risk of head injuries
A study by Simon Fraser University researchers has found seniors in long-term care facilities are at high risk of head injuries -- nearly 40 percent of those who fall experience head impact.

Mental Health Research Symposium in New York City on Oct. 25
Leading researchers to present cutting-edge discoveries at the Brain & Behavior Research Foundation Mental Health Research Symposium in New York City on Oct.

Just 5 in every 1,000 NHS doctors prompt performance concerns each year
Just five in every 1000 NHS doctors--less than 1 percent of the workforce--prompt concerns about their performance every year, sufficient to warrant the need for outside help, indicates an analysis of 11 years of data, published in BMJ Quality & Safety.

Study explains why diabetic retinopathy is difficult to treat
Damage to the retina due to diabetes can be ameliorated only partially, despite treatment with the standard drug metformin.

Where in the world are young people using the internet?
A new study measures, country-by-country, how much of the world's youth population is active on the internet.

Loyola gastroenterologist is co-editor of text on Chicago leadership in care of esophageal disorders
Marco Fisichella, M.D., of Loyola University Medical Center is co-editor of a new textbook that provides insight into a regional style of care conducted by Chicago-area academic medical institutions to treat benign esophageal disorders.

Food addiction a step closer to formal diagnostic status -- or not?
Excessive overeating as seen in some obese individuals reflects addictive-like behavior, raising the question of whether the condition should be formally entered into future editions of the DSM as a diagnosis.

Iron melt network helped grow Earth's core, Stanford study suggests
Stanford scientists recreated the intense pressures and temperatures found deep within the Earth, resulting in a discovery that complicates theories of how the planet and its core were formed.

Study examines probiotics to prevent or treat excessive infant crying
There still appears to be insufficient evidence to support using probiotics (Lactobacillus reuteri) to manage colic or to prevent crying in infants, especially in formula-fed babies, but it may be an effective treatment for crying infants who are breastfed exclusively and have colic, according to a study by Valerie Sung, M.P.H., of the Murdoch Childrens Research Institute and Royal Children's Hospital, Australia, and colleagues.

Study examines prescribing of levothyroxine for borderline thyroid hormone levels
A study of patients in the United Kingdom suggests widespread prescribing of the medication levothyroxine sodium to boost thyroid function among patients with borderline high levels of the thyroid-stimulating hormone thyrotropin (a sign of low thyroid function), raising the possibility of overtreatment, according to a study published by JAMA Internal Medicine, a JAMA Network publication.

Dr. Thomas Suedhof wins Nobel Prize for two decades of work at UTSW on on how brain cells communicate
Dr. Thomas C. Suedhof, adjunct professor of neuroscience and former chairman of the department at UT Southwestern Medical Center, was one of three scientists awarded the 2013 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for their discoveries of key information about how cellular transport systems work.

Mayo Clinic-led study: Less invasive surgery detects residual breast cancer in lymph nodes
Most patients whose breast cancer has spread to their lymph nodes have most of the lymph nodes in their armpit area removed after chemotherapy to determine if any cancer remains.

Death rates higher among middle aged and elderly when economy is booming
Death rates among middle aged and older people are higher when the economy is growing than when it's heading for recession, reveals a long term analysis of the economic cycles of developed countries, published online in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.

Infanticide linked to wet-nursing in meerkats
Mothers who lose their pups to infanticide by the dominant female in a meerkat group often then provide the dominant female with a wet-nurse service, say researchers who have carried out the most comprehensive study of wet-nursing in a single species to date.

Smoking affects molecular mechanisms and thus children's immune systems
The Leipzig Helmholtz Center for Environmental Research has gained new insights on the influence of tobacco smoke in utero.

A new, clinically validated diagnostic test for detecting BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations
The recognition of a causal link between mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes and increased risk of developing breast and ovarian cancer has intensified the demand for genetic testing.

MauroNewMedia's Jewelry Polishing Ergonomic Workstation receives User-Centered Product Design Award
The Product Design Technical Group of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society congratulates MauroNewMedia on receiving the 12th Annual Stanley H.

Making Martian clouds on Earth
Cloud-chamber experiments show that clouds on Mars form in much more humid conditions than clouds on Earth.

Making a better, cheaper green-energy magnet
Researchers at Case Western Reserve University were awarded a second $1 million federal grant to create an eco-friendly material for better power-converting magnets in wind turbines and electric cars.

Delayed aging is better investment than cancer, heart disease
Research to delay aging and the infirmities of old age would have better population health and economic returns than advances in individual fatal diseases such as cancer or heart disease, reveals study by top health scientists at USC, Harvard, Columbia and other institutions.

Facial recognition is more accurate in photos showing whole person
A new study shows that humans rely on non-facial cues, such as body shape and build, to identify people in challenging viewing conditions, such as poor lighting.

CWRU researchers test biofeedback device in lowering grandmothers' stress
In a pilot study by Case Western Reserve University's Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing, 20 grandmothers were able to lower their stress levels with a biofeedback device that tracks breathing patterns.

Sending multiple sclerosis up in smoke
In a new study, Tel Aviv University researchers demonstrate that some chemical compounds in marijuana can help treat multiple sclerosis and similar diseases in mice by preventing inflammation in the brain and spinal cord, holding promise for new treatments in humans as well.

Leptin may explain the link between abdominal obesity and cardiovascular disease
High levels of adipose tissue hormone leptin in the blood reduces blood vessels' ability to dilate, and also affects blood clotting, all of which increase the risk of heart attack and stroke.

Malaria vaccine candidate reduces disease over 18 months of follow-up in phase 3 children's study
Results from a large-scale Phase 3 trial, presented today in Durban, show that the most clinically advanced malaria vaccine candidate, RTS,S, continued to protect young children and infants from clinical malaria up to 18 months after vaccination.

Pre-menstrual dysphoric disorder helps elucidate role of female sex hormones on mood
Contrary to expectation, women with PMDD show increased amygdala activity early in their cycles when progesterone is low suggesting that heightened emotional responses may be a vulnerability factor in PMDD, according to research presented at the 26th ECNP Congress.

Examination of less-invasive surgical procedure to detect cancer in lymph nodes near breast
Judy C. Boughey, M.D., Kelly K. Hunt, M.D., and colleagues for the Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology conducted a study to determine the false-negative rate of sentinel lymph node surgery in patients with node-positive breast cancer receiving chemotherapy before surgery.

New more effective antimicrobials might rise from old
By tinkering with their chemical structures, researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have essentially re-invented a class of popular antimicrobial drugs, restoring and in some cases, expanding or improving, their effectiveness against drug-resistant pathogens in animal models.

3-D printed microscopic cages confine bacteria in tiny zoos for the study of infections
University of Texas at Austin researchers have used a novel 3-D printing technology to build homes for bacteria at a microscopic level.

People mean most for our collective happiness
Swedish soccer star Zlatan is associated with happiness, but not iPhones.

Fruit science: Switching between repulsion and attraction
A team of researchers based at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet in Munich and the Technical University of Munich has shown how temporal control of a single gene solves two problems during fruit ripening in strawberry.

Disney Research discovers rubbing, tapping paper-like material creates electrical current
Electric current sufficient to light a string of LEDs, activate an e-paper display or even trigger action by a computer can be generated by tapping or rubbing simple, flexible generators made of paper, thin sheets of plastic and other everyday materials, researchers at Disney Research, Pittsburgh, have demonstrated.

Vaccination campaign doubles HBV mutations
A universal infant vaccination campaign in China has led the hepatitis B virus to more than double its rate of

Carnegie Mellon motion tracking technology is extremely precise, inexpensive with minimal lag
Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University and Disney Research Pittsburgh have devised a motion tracking technology that could eliminate much of the annoying lag that occurs in existing video game systems that use motion tracking, while also being extremely precise and highly affordable.

Fresh advance in the diagnosis and control of childhood asthma
In a piece of research run at the Pediatric Service of the Hospital Universitario Donostia, Dr.

LSUHSC awarded $3 million grant to study effect of HIV-related changes to oral bacteria
Dr. Paul Fidel, the Carl Baldridge Professor and associate dean for research at LSU Health Sciences Center New Orleans' School of Dentistry, is the lead principal investigator of a $2.76 million grant from the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research over five years to study how HIV and antiretroviral therapy may change communities of bacteria in the mouth and what effects those changes may have on oral infections in HIV disease.

Numerically identifying pollen grains improves on conventional ID method
Researchers have developed a new quantitative -- rather than qualitative -- method of identifying pollen grains that is certainly nothing to sneeze at.

The Regeneration of East Manchester
Brendan Evans, an expert on urban politics, is a former Pro-Vice Chancellor and Dean of School at the University.

Overhauling confusing prescription medicine labels
Northwestern MedicineĀ®, Walgreens, Alliance of Chicago community health centers and Merck are collaborating on a study with a deceptively simple goal: Provide clear instructions on prescription medicine labels so patients don't make mistakes and overcomplicate taking their daily medications.

Targeting canine bloat, a major killer of dogs
A team of Michigan State University veterinary medicine scientists will try to figure out what's causing canine bloat, one of the biggest -- and most mysterious -- killers of dogs.

Minute traits and DNA link grass species from Old and New Worlds
It's not always the big and flashy traits that solve taxonomic puzzles.

Primate brains follow predictable development pattern
In a breakthrough for understanding brain evolution, neuroscientists have shown that differences between primate brains -- from the tiny marmoset to human -- can be largely explained as consequences of the same genetic program.

Dog's mood offers insight into owner's health
Newcastle University researchers demonstrate how remote-monitoring of a dog's behavior can be used to alert family and carers that an elderly relative is struggling to cope.

NAC amino acid offers a potential therapeutic alternative in psychiatric disorders
According to research presented at the 26th ECNP Congress, clinical trials in an amino acid, N-Acetyl Cysteine shows effects on anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory pathways in both patients with schizophrenia and depression.

Victor Ambros of University of Massachusetts Medical School wins 2013 Keio Medical Science Prize
The 18th Keio Medical Science Prize has been awarded to Victor R.

Stress steroid mediated withdrawal anxiety in dependent rats reversible by flumazenil
SUNY Downstate Medical Center announced today that Sheryl Smith, Ph.D., professor of physiology and pharmacology, has published new findings demonstrating a reproducible pathology that may help shed light on anxiety and mood volatility in methamphetamine dependence.

NSF grant will integrate Carnegie Mellon robotic kits into Pennsylvania, West Virginia schools
An innovative program that introduces robotic technology into non-technical middle school classes will be used by suburban Pittsburgh and rural West Virginia schools in a federally funded research project to identify and nurture students with an affinity for science, technology, engineering and mathematics.

Meals for more seniors could save some states money
Expanding programs like Meals on Wheels, because they help some Medicaid-receiving seniors stay out of nursing homes, would save 26 of 48 states money, in addition to allowing more seniors to stay in their own homes, according to a new study in Health Affairs.

Bile salts -- sea lampreys' newest scent of seduction
Bile salts scream seduction -- for sea lampreys, that is.

IARU Sustainability Science Congress 2014
The congress invites experts across disciplines to break down academic barriers and jumpstart a broader collaboration on sustainable solutions relevant for society.

Contralateral prophylactic mastectomy may not significantly increase life expectancy
Rates of double mastectomies have more than doubled over the last decade for women with early-stage cancer, but for women with cancer in one breast, having the healthy breast removed may not provide a survival benefit, according to new research findings presented today at the 2013 Clinical Congress of the American College of Surgeons.

UAlberta medical research team designing new drug for common heart condition
An international research team led by medical scientists at the University of Alberta has shown that new medications based on resveratrol -- a compound found in red wine and nuts -- may be used to treat a common heart-rhythm problem known as atrial fibrillation. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to