Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 14, 2013
Study finds earlier is better for measles immunization first dose
Children receiving measles-containing vaccines at 12-15 months of age have a lower increased risk of fever and seizures than those who receive them at 16-23 months of age, according to a new Kaiser Permanente study published in JAMA Pediatrics.

Research shows that genetically modified tobacco plants are viable for producing biofuels
In her Ph.D. thesis Ruth Sanz-Barrio, an agricultural engineer of the NUP/UPNA-Public University of Navarre and researcher at the Institute of Biotechnology (mixed center of the CSIC-Spanish National Research Council, Public University of Navarre and the Government of Navarre), has demonstrated, for the first time, the viability of using specific tobacco proteins (known as thioredoxins) as biotechnological tools in plants.

Studies show how critical sleep is to maintaining a healthy lifestyle
Three new studies show just how critical it is for adults to seek treatment for a sleep illness and aim for seven to nine hours of sleep each night in order to maintain a healthy lifestyle.

Football-shaped particles bolster the body's defense against cancer
Researchers at Johns Hopkins have succeeded in making flattened, football-shaped artificial particles that impersonate immune cells.

Climate change creates complicated consequences for North America's forests
Climate change affects forests across North America -- in some cases permitting insect outbreaks, plant diseases, wildfires and other problems -- but Dartmouth researchers say warmer temperatures are also making many forests grow faster and some less susceptible to pests, which could boost forest health and acreage, timber harvests, carbon storage, water recycling and other forest benefits in some areas.

INFORMS awards Wagner Prize to Israel's Yedioth Group for streamlining magazine delivery
The Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences, the leading professional association for analytics professionals, today announced that the first place winner of the Daniel H.

Inhibiting a single protein could improve the treatment of atherosclerosis
The study, conducted in mice, shows that the well-known association between a fat-rich diet and atherosclerosis is related to the induction of the protein Rcan1 in the wall of the aorta.

Democracy aid contributes marginally to democratic development
Democracy aid can contribute to change, but only marginally and only under certain conditions.

Cultural differences may explain why some don't get HPV vaccines
A new study explores why girls in minority groups and from low-income families, who are most at risk for cervical cancer, may not be getting the human papillomavirus or HPV vaccine.

Michigan emergency departments are better prepared to respond to disaster
Emergency Departments across Michigan are better prepared to handle a disaster today than they were seven years ago, according to a Henry Ford Hospital study.

Doctors should routinely evaluate patients' physical activity habits
Doctors should evaluate patients' physical activity habits as routinely as they check blood pressure and other risk factors for cardiovascular diseases.

Choreographed origami
Like a budding origami artist pencilling in the folds, the cell uses tags called methyl groups to help mark where and how an RNA molecule should be folded.

Geosphere: Colorado River system, offshore New Jersey, LiDAR, Grenville geology, and more
New Geosphere pre-issue publication articles are now online and include contributions to the CRevolution 2: Origin and Evolution of the Colorado River System II; Results of IODP Exp313: The History and Impact of Sea-level Change Offshore New Jersey; New Developments in Grenville Geology; and the Seeing the True Shape of Earth's Surface: Applications of Airborne and Terrestrial LiDAR in the Geosciences themed issues.

Few people want to throw away old clothes
Why are so many people unwilling to throw away old clothes and textiles?

Study: Renewable fuel standard needs to be modified, not repealed
In a new study, University of Illinois law professor Jay P.

Pay for nonprofit hospital CEOs varies around US; average more than $500k
Compensation for chief executive officers at nonprofit hospitals varies around the country but averaged almost $600,000 in a study of top executives at nearly 2,700 hospitals, according to a study published by JAMA Internal Medicine, a JAMA Network publication.

UK Chancellor announces Sino-British health partnership
The Manchester Academic Health Science Centre has formed a partnership with the Peking University Health Sciences Centre to establish an international center of excellence in genetic medicine.

Large European study finds exposure to even low levels of air pollution during pregnancy increases risk of lower birthweight babies
Exposure to common air pollutants and traffic during pregnancy significantly increases the risk of restricted fetal growth, even at levels well below those stipulated in current European Union air-quality directives, according to one of the largest studies of its kind, published in The Lancet Respiratory Medicine.

The complex role of citations as measure of scientific quality
Allocation of resources in the scientific community is increasingly based on various quantitative indicators.

UMMS faculty provide new evidence that aging tumor cells may be an effective cancer treatment
Scientists at the University of Massachusetts Medical School have shown that diffuse large B-cell lymphoma may be susceptible to treatment by re-activating the normal aging program in tumor cells so they can no longer divide.

Sex over survival: Reproductive trait in fish impedes tissue regeneration
New research on the reproductive habits of zebrafish offers an explanation as to why some animals' bodies repair tissues.

World record: Wireless data transmission at 100 Gbit/s
Extension of cable-based telecommunication networks requires high investments in both conurbations and rural areas.

Laying groundwork for future cellular networks
The National Science Foundation has awarded a grant to two researchers working in the ultra-high frequency radio-wave spectrum to create much greater data rates for mobile networks of the future.

Genetic identification of a neural circuit that suppresses appetite
Scientists at the University of Washington have used genetic engineering to identify a population of neurons that tell the brain to shut off appetite.

Vanderbilt study finds age doesn't impact concussion symptoms
Recent scientific findings have raised the fear that young athletes may fare worse after sustaining a sports-related concussion than older athletes.

Latest emergency medicine research highlights social issues
Leading researchers in emergency medicine will present more than 400 studies during ACEP13-Scientific Assembly, the annual meeting of the American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP) in Seattle, Wash.

From football to flies: Lessons about traumatic brain injury
Faced with news of suicides and brain damage in former professional football players, geneticist Barry Ganetzky bemoaned the lack of model systems for studying the insidious and often delayed consequences linked to head injuries.

Only a minority of stroke victims are being seen by doctors within the recommended timeframe
In a study, published online today in the journal Age and Ageing, of over 270 patients newly diagnosed with minor strokes or transient ischaemic attack, only a minority sought medical help within the timeframe recommended by the Royal College of Physicians.

Muscles and meth: Drug analog identified in 'craze' workout supplement
An international team of scientists have identified potentially dangerous amounts of methamphetamine analog in the workout supplement Craze, a product widely sold across the US and online.

Mammalian body cells lack ancient viral defense mechanism, find UT scientists
The first positive evidence that RNA interference does not play a role as an antiviral in most body, or

Why does maximum heart rate drop with age?
Researchers at the University of Colorado have new insight into the age-old question of why maximum heart rate (maxHR) decreases with age.

Courses of prenatal corticosteroids not associated with increased death of children
Multiple courses of prenatal corticosteroids, compared with a single course, taken by pregnant women to help prevent preterm birth was associated with no increase or decrease in the risk of death or disability for their children at age five, according to a study published by JAMA Pediatrics, a JAMA Network publication.

Nanoscaled tip writes artificial cell membranes
Researchers around Dr. Michael Hirtz from Karlsruhe Institute of Technology and Dr.

A blueprint for restoring touch with a prosthetic hand
New research at the University of Chicago is laying the groundwork for touch-sensitive prosthetic limbs that one day could convey real-time sensory information to amputees via a direct interface with the brain.

How a worm became a swim model
One might wonder why researchers would care about the nuances of the one-millimeter long nematode worm, let alone study them.

Adolescent's weight, socioeconomic status may affect cancer later in life
Overweight adolescents were twice as likely as their normal weight peers to later develop esophageal cancer in a recent study from Israel.

Does putting your feet up equal power?
new set of studies by researchers at three universities led by UB psychologist Lora E.

New mobile application for rapid identification of fish species
Azti-Tecnalia has presented (for the moment only for Android terminals) ItsasFish, a new mobile application which aims to be a manual for the rapid identification of species found in the fishing grounds of the Bay of Biscay and which are fished by the various fleets (each with their mode of fishing) based in the Autonomous Community of the Basque Country or Euskadi (the coast of the Basque provinces of Bizkaia and Gipuzkoa).

Case Western Reserve School of Medicine wins prestigious NCI sponsored Provocative Questions grant
The National Cancer Institute's new Provocative Questions research funding program has awarded a prestigious grant to researchers at the Case Comprehensive Cancer Center and Case Western Reserve University's Schools of Medicine and Engineering to study tumor detection at the earliest stages of growth.

UNL study: Genetic pathway links social anxiety, willingness to help others
Genetic testing and computerized surveys of 398 undergraduate students were used to investigate whether social anxiety mediates prosocial behavior associated with the 5-HTTLPR triallelic genotype.

UC San Diego researcher receives $6.25 million grant
The Leukemia & Lymphoma Society has awarded Thomas J. Kipps, M.D., Ph.D., Distinguished Professor of Medicine at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, with a 5-year, $6.25 million Specialized Center of Research program grant to support research on chronic lymphocytic leukemia.

12 percent of midlife women say they are satisfied with their body size
A new study of women ages 50 and older examines the 12.2 percent who say they are satisfied with their body size to unlock the secrets of body satisfaction.

Get With The Guidelines-Stroke hospitals more likely to provide guideline-recommended treatment
Award-winning Get With The Guidelines-Stroke hospitals are more likely than Primary Stroke Center certified hospitals to provide all the recommended guideline-based care for patients.

How the gut gets its villi
Villi are small epithelial protrusions that serve to increase the surface area of the gut for efficient nutrient absorption.

AP-NORC survey: Working longer -- older Americans' attitudes on work and retirement
The Associated Press-NORC Center for Public Affairs Research has released the results of a major new survey exploring the views of older Americans about their plans for work and retirement.

Graphene Flagship has set sails
A flagship sail was symbolically set jointly by Wolfgang Bosch of the European Commission, Karin Markides, President of Chalmers University of Technology, and Nokia's Tapani Ryhänen.

Rapid reversal of diabetes after gastric banding surgery
Clinical researchers from Sydney's Garvan Institute of Medical Research and St.

Dartmouth study shows difference in cognitive ability between low-income rural, urban children
Studies have long shown a difference in cognitive ability between high- and low-income children, but for the first time, scientists have found a difference between low-income children growing up in rural areas and those growing up in urban environments.

What's best for depressed pregnant women and their infants?
Do the benefits of treating depressed pregnant women with antidepressants outweigh the risks of the drug exposure to their babies in terms of neonatal health and long-term development?

Device speeds concentration step in food-pathogen detection
Researchers have developed a system that concentrates foodborne salmonella and other pathogens faster than conventional methods by using hollow thread-like fibers that filter out the cells, representing a potential new tool for speedier detection.

Birth gets the brain ready to sense the world
Neurons that process sensory information are arranged in precise, well-characterized maps that are crucial for translating perception into understanding.

First evidence that dust and sand deposits in China are controlled by rivers
New research published today in the journal Quaternary Science Reviews has found the first evidence that large rivers control desert sands and dust in Northern China.

Researchers discover new approach to improve personalized cancer treatments
Researchers from the University of Minnesota, Mayo Clinic, and University of Toronto have successfully shown that a new method for targeting mutated cells could create a major breakthrough in a personalized medicine approach to treat cancer.

UK collaboration to test biological control of mosquitoes
Entomologists in the University of Kentucky College of Agriculture, Food and Environment have developed a new control method for mosquitoes.

The African green revolution at the tipping point
In some areas of Africa, farmers, scientists and policymakers are beginning to win the war on hunger, says Pedro Sanchez, PhD.

Overexpressed protein the culprit in certain thyroid cancers
A specific protein once thought to exist only in the brain may play a crucial role in a deadly form of thyroid cancer, as well as other cancers, and provide a fresh target for researchers seeking ways to stop its progression, UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers report today in Cancer Cell.

ADHD drug effective for people with dependency
People with ADHD and dependency rarely respond as they should to ADHD drugs.

Simple blood or urine test to identify blinding disease
Research led by physician-scientists at Bascom Palmer Eye Institute of the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine has produced a breakthrough discovery in diagnosing retinitis pigmentosa, a blinding disease that affects about 1 in 4,000 people in the United States.

Kidney failure can complicate long-term outcomes in children receiving solid-organ transplants
Children who undergo transplants of solid organs have a high risk of developing advanced kidney disease, according to a new national study.

Quantum conductors benefit from growth on smooth foundations
Researchers in the United States and China have teamed to develop a speedway for future devices, an exotic type of electrical conductor called a topological insulator (TI).

Young apes manage emotions like humans
Researchers studying young bonobos in an African sanctuary have discovered striking similarities between the emotional development of the bonobos and that of children, suggesting these great apes regulate their emotions in a human-like way.

Go to bed! Irregular bedtimes linked to behavioral problems in children
Researchers from UCL have found that children with irregular bedtimes are more likely to have behavioral difficulties.

Study: Gunshot injuries in children are more severe, deadly, costly than any other injury source
A research team led by Oregon Health & Science University and the University of California, Davis, reveals that childhood gunshot injuries, while uncommon, are more severe, require more major surgery, have greater mortality and higher per-patient costs than any other mechanism for childhood injury -- particularly among adolescent males.

Embargoed news from Oct. 15, 2013 Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet
Below is information about articles being published in the Oct.

Stepping out in style: Toward an artificial leg with a natural gait
In cooperation with a Mayo Clinic scientist, researchers at Michigan Technological University are developing a microprocessor-controlled ankle-foot prosthesis that can turn as well as walk a straight line.

Urban soil quality and compost
Increasing organic matter, improving soil structure, important for urban growers.

Impact of bariatric surgery on health depends on type of surgery, patient characteristics
The impact of bariatric surgery on risk factors for cardiovascular disease depends on a variety of factors, including the type of surgery, sex of the patient, ethnic background, and pre-surgery body mass index, according to a Kaiser Permanente study published today in Annals of Surgery.

How can researchers bridge the gap between scholarship and public administration?
Public administrators draw on a number of different sources to inform their work including the news, blogs, podcasts, etc.

Happiness lowers blood pressure
A synthetic gene module controlled by the happiness hormone dopamine produces an agent that lowers blood pressure.

Adult stem cells help build human blood vessels in engineered tissues
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago have identified a protein expressed by human bone marrow stem cells that guides and stimulates the formation of blood vessels.

Compound derived from vegetables shields rodents from lethal radiation doses
Georgetown University Medical Center researchers say a compound derived from cruciferous vegetable such as cabbage, cauliflower and broccoli protected rats and mice from lethal doses of radiation.

Hospital report cards for hospital-acquired bedsores: How good are the grades?
Hospital bedsore rates varied widely based on how the data was collected, unfairly making some hospitals appear to fare better or worse than others.

In Europe 3.5 million new fragility fractures occur annually, shows data published today
A new report published today by the International Osteoporosis Foundation warns that as a result of aging populations health care providers will be faced with an avalanche of fractures and rising costs.
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