Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 17, 2013
FDA must find regulatory balance for probiotics says Univ. of Md. law prof
The US Food and Drug Administration should consider the unique features of probiotics -- bacteria that help maintain the natural balance of organisms in the intestines -- in regulating their use and marketing, says Diane Hoffmann, J.D., director of the Law and Health Care Program at the University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law and lead author of the a newly released Science article,

Bladder bacteria vary in women with common forms of incontinence
Women with common forms of urinary incontinence have various bacteria in their bladder, according to data presented today by researchers from Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine.

Complex diseases traced to gene copy numbers
Duke researchers have connected very rare and precise duplications and deletions in the human genome to their complex disease consequences by duplicating them in zebrafish.

Costly cigarettes and smoke-free homes
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine say high-priced cigarettes and smoke-free homes effectively reduce smoking behaviors among low-income individuals -- a demographic in which tobacco use has remained comparatively high.

The NICU environment: Not all silence is golden
Medical technology has improved the survival rates of premature infants, but adverse developmental outcomes are a continuing problem.

CHOP's Harvest toolkit offers innovative data discovery resource for biomedical researchers
A team of informatics experts and biomedical researchers introduced a new software toolkit to help researchers explore complex data sets without having to become database technicians themselves.

Rice team rises to big-data breast cancer challenge
A colorful, interactive wheel developed by Rice bioengineers to visualize protein interactions has won an international competition for novel strategies to study the roots of breast cancer.

Gene regulation differences between humans and chimpanzees more complex than thought
Changes in gene regulation have been used to study the evolutionary chasm that exists between humans and chimpanzees despite their largely identical DNA.

Tropical Storm Octave makes landfall in western Mexico
Tropical Depression 15-E formed on Oct. 12 at 11 p.m.

Mysterious ancient human crossed Wallace's Line
Scientists have proposed that the most recently discovered ancient human relatives -- the Denisovans -- somehow managed to cross one of the world's most prominent marine barriers in Indonesia, and later interbred with modern humans moving through the area on the way to Australia and New Guinea.

VTT transforms rings and structure fingernails into user interfaces
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland has developed technology whereby a ring, structure nail or wristband acts as a user interface allowing files to be transferred directly from one screen to another by touch.

A stunning new species of dragon tree discovered in Thailand
An international team of scientists discover a highly distinctive and endangered new dragon tree species -- Dracaena kaweesakii.

Is a constructive conservation the last chance for biodiversity?
How can biodiversity be preserved in a world in which traditional ecosystems are increasingly being displaced by

Virginia Tech researchers publish study on jellyfish energy consumption that will improve bio-inspired robotic designs for Navy
Jellyfish are one of the most energetically efficient natural propulsors on the planet, according to Shashank Priya, professor of mechanical engineering at Virginia Tech.

Smartphones, GPS part of UH scientist's smoking cessation research
We use them to text, tweet, post and, sometimes, make a call.

Archaeologists rediscover the lost home of the last Neanderthals
A record of Neanderthal archaeology, thought to be long lost, has been re-discovered by NERC-funded scientists working in the Channel island of Jersey.

National Institute on Aging renews funding for UCI's 90+ Study
UC Irvine's trailblazing 90+ Study, launched in 2003 to learn more about the

Challenges and opportunities for reducing antibiotic resistance in agricultural settings
Interdisciplinary standards needed for studying antibiotic resistance in agriculture.

A grand unified theory of exotic superconductivity?
Scientists introduce a general theoretical approach that describes all known forms of high-temperature superconductivity and their

The complicated birth of a volcano
They are difficult to reach, have hardly been studied scientifically, and their existence does not fit into current geological models: the Marie Byrd Seamounts off the coast of Antarctica present many riddles to volcanologists.

NASA sees Typhoon Francisco headed to the other side of Guam
NASA's Aqua satellite passed over Typhoon Francisco on Oct. 17 after it had passed the eastern side of Guam and started to head on a track that would take it past the western side of Guam.

Prescription drug use among Medicare patients highly inconsistent
A new report from the Dartmouth Atlas Project shows that the use of both effective and risky drug therapies by Medicare patients varies widely across US regions, offering further evidence that location is a key determinant in the quality and cost of the medical care that patients receive.

Field Museum scientists estimate 16,000 tree species in the Amazon
Researchers, taxonomists, and students from The Field Museum and 88 other institutions around the world have provided new answers to two simple but long-standing questions about Amazonian diversity: How many trees are there in the Amazon, and how many tree species occur there?

Will health insurance expansion cut ER use? U-M study in teens & young adults may help predict
As the nation prepares for more uninsured Americans to gain health insurance under the Affordable Care Act, a question hangs over crowded emergency rooms: Will the newly insured make fewer ER visits than they do today?

Nurses to focus on health needs of veterans, service members at JOINING FORCES conference
Top nursing leaders and scientists from around the country will meet to discuss health needs for veterans, service members and their families Monday, Oct.

ASME selects Maurizio Porfiri as Outstanding Young Investigator
Maurizio Porfiri, an associate professor at the Polytechnic Institute of New York University, has been named the ASME Dynamic Systems and Controls Division 2013 Outstanding Young Investigator Award for his contributions to biomimetic underwater robotics and collective dynamics of networked dynamical systems.

Mathematical study of photosynthesis clears the path to developing new super-crops
Study results could lead to super-crops such as faster growing, drought-resistant rice.

Cognitive behavior therapy more effective than standard care for reducing health anxiety
Cognitive behavioral therapy is substantially more effective than standard care at reducing symptoms of health anxiety in medical patients, and can be delivered by non-specialist staff with minimal training at little extra cost.

Meeting: From Neurodegeneration to Brain Health: An Integrated Approach
Symposium on Oct. 25 and 26 in Cleveland explores the current biological, psychosocial and ecological aspects of memory loss disorders.

Yoga accessible for the blind with new Microsoft Kinect-based program
A team of University of Washington computer scientists has created a software program that watches a user's movements and gives spoken feedback on what to change to accurately complete a yoga pose.

Managing children's screen time: What parents need to know
UC research is represented among the national, regional and local experts to be featured at a Cincinnati symposium.

MARC travel awards announced for the 2013 SIPMeT/ASIP Young Scientists meeting
FASEB MARC Program has announced the travel award recipients for the 2013 Young Scientists meeting held by the Italian Society of Pathology and Translational Medicine and the American Society of Investigative Pathology meeting in Rome, Italy from Oct.

Uncovering liquid foam's bubbly acoustics
Physicists have an interest in the acoustical properties of liquid foam.

Does genetic variability affect long-term response to traumatic brain injury?
Subtle variations in genes that regulate a person's inflammatory response to injury can impact clinical outcomes in TBI, according to a new study published in Journal of Neurotrauma.

Could Sandy happen again? Maybe, says Tufts geologist
Almost a year after Hurricane Sandy, parts of New York and New Jersey are still recovering from billions of dollars in flood damage.

Environmental Defense Fund launches toolkit to help fishermen and managers
Environmental Defense Fund today launched the world's most comprehensive toolkit for designing and implementing management systems that can restore the resiliency, sustainability and profitability of fisheries around the world.

Death from drugs like oxycodone linked to disadvantaged neighborhoods, fragmented families
Death from analgesic overdose, including the painkillers oxycodone and codeine, is more concentrated in economically disadvantaged neighborhoods with a prevalence of high divorce, single-parent homes than deaths from unintentional causes.

Changes in ocean circulation focus of $16 million project
Oceanographers from Duke University, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution and the University of Miami have received $16 million in grants from the National Science Foundation for the deployment of a new observing system in the subpolar region of the North Atlantic.

Scientists discover genetic disease which causes recurrent respiratory infections
Cambridge scientists have discovered a rare genetic disease which predisposes patients to severe respiratory infections and lung damage.

Pacific ocean temperature influences tornado activity in US, MU study finds
A University of Missouri researcher has found that the temperature of the Pacific Ocean could help scientists predict the type and location of tornado activity in the US.

Chemist Elad Harel wins Packard Fellowship
The David and Lucile Packard Foundation has recognized Northwestern University researcher Elad Harel as one of the nation's most innovative young scientists and awarded him a 2013 Packard Fellowship for Science and Engineering.

US regions exhibit distinct personalities, research reveals
Americans with similar temperaments are so likely to live in the same areas that a map of the country can be divided into regions with distinct personalities, according to new research published by the American Psychological Association.

American Chemical Society podcast: An environmentally friendly battery made from wood
The latest episode in the American Chemical Society's award-winning Global Challenges/Chemistry Solutions podcast series takes its inspiration from trees.

A new look at air pollution sources and atmosphere-warming particles in South Asia
New research provides most thorough analysis yet of outdoor cremation ritual emissions in South Asia.

Making sense of conflicting advice on calcium intake
In recent years, studies have reported inconsistent findings regarding whether calcium supplements used to prevent fractures increase the risk of heart attack.

Celmatix study shows women may be stopping IVF treatment prematurely
Celmatix announced today a new study suggesting that up to 25 percent of patients may be discontinuing in vitro fertilization (IVF) while they still have a good chance of having a baby.

Statin, osteoporosis drug combo may help treat parasitic infections
Researchers at the University of Georgia have discovered that a combination of two commonly prescribed drugs used to treat high cholesterol and osteoporosis may serve as the foundation of a new treatment for toxoplasmosis, a parasitic infection caused by the protozoan Toxoplasma gondii.

Brain may flush out toxins during sleep
Using mice, researchers showed for the first time that the space between brain cells may increase during sleep, allowing the brain to flush out toxins that build up during waking hours.

Marmoset monkeys know polite conversation
Humans aren't the only species that knows how to carry on polite conversation.

Paleoclimatologist Vasilii Petrenko wins Packard Fellowship
Vasilii Petrenko, an assistant professor of earth and environmental sciences, is one of 16 researchers being awarded a prestigious David and Lucile Packard Foundation Fellowship for Science and Engineering.

Groundbreaking report details status of US secondary Earth science education
The Center for Geoscience Education and Public Understanding at the American Geosciences Institute, has released a landmark report on the status of Earth Science education in US middle and high schools, describing in detail significant gaps between identified priorities and lagging practice.

Increase seen in donor eggs for in vitro fertilization, with improved outcomes
Between 2000 and 2010 in the United States the number of donor eggs used for in vitro fertilization increased, and outcomes for births from those donor eggs improved, according to a study published by JAMA.

Gravitational waves help understand black-hole weight gain
Supermassive black holes: every large galaxy's got one. But here's a real conundrum: how did they grow so big?

New study finds spike in sugary drink consumption among California adolescents
While consumption of soda and other sugary drinks among young children in California is starting to decline, a new study released today by the UCLA Center for Health Policy Research and the California Center for Public Health Advocacy shows an alarming 8 percent spike among adolescents, the biggest consumers of these beverages.

All probiotics are not the same in protecting premature infants from common, life-threatening illness
Treating premature infants with probiotics, the dietary supplements containing live bacteria that many adults take to help maintain their natural intestinal balance, may be effective for preventing a common and life-threatening bowel disease among premature infants, researchers at UC Davis Children's Hospital have found.

The sly maneuvers of the fungus fatal to frogs
A new study hints at why a particular fungus has been so successful in killing amphibians.

Next-generation gene sequencing can identify invasive carp species in Chicago area waterways
A project to map the microbes present in the digestive systems of fish species holds promise for monitoring the presence of Asian carp in Chicago area waterways and ultimately preventing their spread, according to a study published in Nature's ISME Journal.

Weighing up blood-thinners: Is warfarin always the best choice?
Patients who respond below par to the anticoagulant drug warfarin have several options.

LSUHSC bird study finds key info about human speech-language development
A study led by Xiaoching Li, Ph.D., at the LSU Health Sciences Center New Orleans Neuroscience Center of Excellence, has shown for the first time how two tiny molecules regulate a gene implicated in speech and language impairments as well as autism disorders, and that social context of vocal behavior governs their function.

The cost of racial bias in economic decisions
When financial gain depends on cooperation, we might expect that people would put aside their differences and focus on the bottom line.

LSUHSC bird study finds key info about human speech-language development
A study led by Xiaoching Li, Ph.D., at the LSU Health Sciences Center New Orleans Neuroscience Center of Excellence, has shown for the first time how two tiny molecules regulate a gene implicated in speech and language impairments as well as autism disorders, and that social context of vocal behavior governs their function.

Adolescence: When drinking and genes may collide
Many negative effects of drinking, such as transitioning into heavy alcohol use, often take place during adolescence and can contribute to long-term negative health outcomes as well as the development of alcohol use disorders.

MARC travel awards announced for the 2013 Society for Neuroscience meeting
FASEB MARC Program has announced the travel award recipients for the 2013 Society for Neuroscience annual meeting in San Diego, CA from Nov.

A Lost Generation of young scientists? U-M grad student voices concern about research funding crunch
Alexis Carulli wants to make a difference in fighting human disease.

Misconceptions about HPV vaccine explored in special issue of scientific journal
Suspicions about sexual promiscuity and vaccine safety are explored in an article in the November issue of the journal Preventive Medicine, which dedicates a section of that issue to research concerning the human papillomavirus.

Footwear recycling gets a kick-start
A newly developed recycling process could make landfill sites filled with old shoes a thing of the past.

To sleep, perchance to clean
In findings that give fresh meaning to the old adage that a good night's sleep clears the mind, a new study shows that a recently discovered system that flushes waste from the brain is primarily active during sleep.

Dr. Scott Tinker presented AGI award for Outstanding Contributions to the Understanding of Geoscience
Dr. Scott Tinker is recognized for contributions to the understanding of geosciences.

Transcription factors: Function follows form
Spatial structure determines transcription factor activity.

Nanotech system, cellular heating may improve treatment of ovarian cancer
The combination of heat, chemotherapeutic drugs and an innovative delivery system based on nanotechnology may significantly improve the treatment of ovarian cancer while reducing side effects from toxic drugs, researchers report in a new study.

Genetically modified bacteria became efficient sugar producers
The production of rare sugars has been very costly until now.

Iowa State astronomer helps research team see misaligned planets in distant system
NASA's Kepler space telescope has helped astronomers see a distant planetary system featuring multiple planets orbiting their host start at a major tilt.

MARC travel awards announced for the 2013 American Society for Human Genetics meeting
FASEB MARC Program has announced the travel award recipients for the 2013 American Society for Human Genetics annual meeting in Boston, MA from Oct.

Unique skull find rebuts theories on species diversity in early humans
Paleoanthropologists from the University of Zurich have uncovered the intact skull of an early Homo individual in Dmanisi, Georgia.

U-M/Israel symposium elevates scientific creativity in medical research, technology
Can academic cooperation boost investment? It's at the heart of the University of Michigan's largest ever joint medical science symposium with Israel spans Oct.

Unlocking a brighter future for locked-in syndrome
A team of researchers from Montreal has found that stroke patients living with Locked-In Syndrome who cannot move, swallow or even breathe on their own, can regain a remarkable level of independence with technological help.

New Jersey Inventors Hall of Fame to honor NJIT researchers and alumnus tonight at annual awards banquet
Three members of the New Jersey Institute of Technology community will be honored this evening by the New Jersey Inventors Hall of Fame in recognition of their contributions to innovation in the Garden State.

Market bubbles may be predictable, controllable
An international team of chaos researchers say that extreme events like market crashes and super-waves at sea, which they call

Glacial history affects shape and growth habit of alpine plants
Alpine plants that survived the Ice Ages in different locations still show accrued differences in appearance and features.

Researchers advance toward engineering 'wildly new genome'
In two parallel projects, researchers have rewritten the genetic code of the bacterium E. coli.

Stem cell transplant repairs damaged gut in mouse model of inflammatory bowel disease
A source of gut stem cells that can repair a type of inflammatory bowel disease when transplanted into mice has been identified by researchers at the Wellcome Trust-Medical Research Council Cambridge Stem Cell Institute at the University of Cambridge and at BRIC, the University of Copenhagen, Denmark.

The pig, the fish and the jellyfish: Tracing nervous disorders in humans
The pig, the jellyfish and the zebrafish have been used to gain a greater understanding of hereditary forms of diseases affecting the nervous system.

Vitamin D does not contribute to kidney stones, study asserts
Increased vitamin D levels may prevent a wide range of diseases, according to recent studies.

Adaptability to local climate helps invasive species thrive
The ability of invasive plants to rapidly adapt to local climates -- and potentially to climate change -- may be a key factor in how quickly they spread.

District nursing homes win high marks for quality, but antipsychotic prescribing remains problematic
The District of Columbia Department of Health has released a study by the George Washington University School of Public Health and Health Services investigating prescribing of antipsychotics to District seniors.

Top UWA astronomer honored by election to technology academy
Professor Peter Quinn, ICRAR Director and Professor of Astronomy and Astrophysics at The University of Western Australia is among 25 Australian researchers, technological scientists, engineering, innovation and business leaders elected today as new Fellows of the prestigious Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering.

A mother's high cholesterol before pregnancy can be passed on to her children
What leads to high cholesterol? Your genes and lifestyle factors may not explain it all.

Scientists prove Heisenberg's intuition correct
An international team of scientists has provided proof of a key feature of quantum physics -- Heisenberg's error-disturbance relation -- more than 80 years after it was first suggested.

Video could transform how schools serve teens with autism
Video-based teaching helps teens with autism learn important social skills, and the method eventually could be used widely by schools with limited resources, a Michigan State University researcher says.

Natural selection enables purple loosestrife to invade northern Ontario
University of Toronto research has found that purple loosestrife -- an invasive species that competes with native plants for light and nutrients and can degrade habitats for wildlife -- has evolved extremely rapidly, flowering about three weeks earlier as it has spread to northern Ontario.

Physical activity in parks can be boosted by modest marketing
A new study finds that physical activity in parks can be increased significantly by making modest investments in marketing, such as improve signage.

Vertebral augmentation for spinal fractures offers greater patient survival and overall cost savings
A study of 69,000 Medicare patient records led by Johns Hopkins researchers shows that people with spine compression fractures who undergo operations to strengthen back bones with cement survive longer and have shorter overall hospital stays than those who stick with bed rest, pain control and physical therapy.

3D images generated from PET/CT scans help surgeons envision tumors
A hologram-like display of a patient's organs based on molecular PET/CT images helps surgeons plan surgery by allowing them to see detailed anatomical structure, peel away layers of tissue, and see all sides of a tumor, before entering the operating room to excise it.

MARC travel awards announced for the 2013 Society for Leukocyte Biology Meeting
FASEB MARC Program has announced the travel award recipients for the 2013 Society for Leukocyte Biology annual meeting in Newport, RI from Oct.

Most distant gravitational lens helps weigh galaxies
An international team of astronomers has found the most distant gravitational lens yet -- a galaxy that, as predicted by Albert Einstein's general theory of relativity, deflects and intensifies the light of an even more distant object.

'Traffic-light' labeling increases attention to nutritional quality of food choices
A simple, color-coded system for labeling food items in a hospital cafeteria appears to have increased customer's attention to the healthiness of their food choices, along with encouraging purchases of the most healthy items.

Human neutrophil peptide-1: A new anti-leishmanial drug candidate
As drug-resistant strains of Leishmaniasis spread, new non-toxic therapy could open a new front in the battle against this deadly parasite.

Brain scans show unusual activity in retired American football players
A new study has discovered profound abnormalities in brain activity in a group of retired American football players.

World's first mapping of America's rare plants
The results of a major international research project show that climate stability plays a crucial role in the distribution of plants on Earth.

Neanderthals used toothpicks to alleviate the pain of diseases such as inflammation of the gums
A IPHES research done in collaboration with UAB, documents the oldest case of palliative treatment of periodontal disease.

Making the business case for cardiac rehab programs
You know the saying: an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure.

Tropical Storm Priscilla's short life
Tropical Storm Priscilla lived just 3 days in the eastern Pacific Ocean making for one of the shortest-lived tropical storms of the season.

Complete skull from early Homo evokes a single, evolving lineage
The analysis of a complete, approximately 1.8-million-year-old hominid skull from Dmanisi, Georgia, suggests that the earliest members of the Homo genus -- those classified as Homo habilis, Homo rudolfensis, and Homo erectus, for example -- actually belonged to the same species and simply looked different from one another.

Frog-killing fungus paralyzes amphibian immune response
A fungus that is killing frogs and other amphibians around the world releases a toxic factor that disables the amphibian immune response, Vanderbilt University investigators report this week in the journal Science.

Men-only hepatitis B mutation explains higher cancer rates
A team of researchers has identified a novel mutation in the hepatitis B virus (HBV) in Korea that appears only in men and could help explain why HBV-infected men are roughly five times more likely than HBV-infected women to develop liver cancer.

Use of false ID by youth to buy alcohol is a slippery slope toward alcohol use disorders
Many underage youth use false identification to buy alcohol. A new study has found that almost two-thirds of a college student sample used false IDs.

More US teens susceptible to HSV-1 infection, a growing cause of genital herpes
A new study suggests a growing number of US adolescents lack antibodies that may help protect them later in life against an increasingly important cause of genital herpes.

Rochester's Ching Tang honored as pioneer of organic electronics
Ching Tang, a professor of chemical engineering at the University of Rochester, is being honored on two continents within the next week for his pioneering work on organic light-emitting diodes, or OLEDs, which are expected to become a dominant technology for flat screen displays.

Mutation in NFKB2 gene causes hard-to-diagnose immunodeficiency disorder CVID
Researchers discovered that a mutation in the NFKB2 gene impairs a protein from functioning properly, which interferes with the body's ability to make antibodies and fight infection.

New GSA Book details Dominica's unique features and hazards
Dominica, a Caribbean island in the Lesser Antilles, features rugged topography and a vulnerability to volcanic and volcano-seismic activity.

Researchers rewrite an entire genome -- and add a healthy twist
Scientists from Yale and Harvard have recoded the entire genome of an organism and improved a bacterium's ability to resist viruses, a dramatic demonstration of the potential of rewriting an organism's genetic code.

Light to moderate alcohol leads to good cheer at Danish high-school parties
Many people, especially young adults, engage in high-risk drinking because of the belief it will lead to positive mood effects such as cheerfulness.

Using gesture and voice to control 3D molecular graphics
Scientists from Sydney's Garvan Institute of Medical Research and CSIRO announced their 'Molecular Control Toolkit' at the 3rd IEEE Symposium on Biological Data Visualization in Atlanta, Georgia, USA on Sunday.

Historian examines how 3 19th-century authors recoiled from technology
In a new book, MIT historian Rosalind Williams examines the deep tension authors Jules Verne, Robert Louis Stevenson, and William Morris felt about technology.

Depression twice as likely in migraine sufferers
The prevalence of depression among those with migraine is approximately twice as high as for those without the disease (men: 8.4 percent vs.

UCLA psychologists report new insights on human brain, consciousness
A study by UCLA psychologists is a step toward neuroscience research on consciousness.

2-drug combination, nab-paclitaxel and gemcitabine, improves survival in pancreatic cancer
Investigators at the Vall dĀ“Hebron University Hospital and the Vall d'Hebron Institute of Oncology, have participated in an international phase III study, published in The New England Journal of Medicine.

UTSA awarded $1.4M to help community college students pursue math and science teaching degrees
The University of Texas at San Antonio has been awarded a $1.4 million National Science Foundation grant to assist community college students seeking to pursue teaching degrees in mathematics and science.

Sun and photocatalysts will clean polluted water -- cheaply and quickly
A little amount of appropriately prepared powder is poured in water polluted with phenol and cellulose.

Social psychologists say war is not inevitable, psychology research should promote peace
In a new review of how psychology research has illuminated the causes of war and violence, three political psychologists at the University of Massachusetts Amherst say this understanding can and should be used to promote peace and overturn the belief that violent conflict is inevitable.

Home schooled children leaner than traditionally schooled kids
The results of a recent study show kids that are home-schooled are leaner than kids attending traditional schools.

Pioneering use of oral cholera vaccine during outbreak
A Medecins Sans Frontieres vaccination campaign of more than 300,000 people in Guinea shows feasibility of oral cholera vaccine for control of future epidemics.

MARC travel awards announced for the 2013 Society for Glycobiology meeting
FASEB MARC Program has announced the travel award recipients for the 2013 Society for Glycobiology annual meeting in St.

5-year-old children are as likely to suffer from bilharzia as their mothers
Children of women harboring the bilharzia (schistosomiasis) worm during pregnancy are more likely to suffer the infection by the age of five years, a new study publishing Oct.

Female doctors are better than male doctors
According to a University of Montreal research team, the quality of care provided by female doctors is higher than that of their male counterparts while the productivity of males is greater.

How subtle movements and facial features could predict your demise
Princeton University study shows that interviewers -- who were not health professionals -- could better predict mortality than physicians or individuals themselves.

Why lithium-ion-batteries fail
Materials in lithium ion battery electrodes expand and contract during charge and discharge.

High serum omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid content protects against brain abnormalities
According to a new study, high long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid content in blood may lower the risk of small brain infarcts and other brain abnormalities in the elderly.
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