Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 21, 2013
Laser technology sorting method can improve Capsicum pepper seed quality
Scientists investigated the efficacy of chlorophyll fluorescence sorting using different maturity fruits of four different cultivars of Capsicum peppers.

Institute of Medicine Elects 70 New Members, 10 Foreign Associates
The Institute of Medicine today announced the names of 70 new members and 10 foreign associates during its 43rd annual meeting.

Parental perceptions are preventing HPV vaccination success
A Mayo Clinic physician and two other pediatric experts say that parental perceptions pose a major barrier to acceptance of human papillomavirus vaccination -- and that many of those perceptions are wrong.

Use of booze and drugs common among truck drivers on the road
The use of booze and drugs among truck drivers on the road is common, but seems to be mainly linked to poor working conditions, finds a systematic analysis of the available evidence published online in Occupational and Environmental Medicine.

NASA satellites investigate Typhoon Francisco heading for Japan
Several of NASA's fleet of Earth-observing satellites have been gathering data on Typhoon Francisco as it moves toward Japan.

Excessive alcohol consumption increases the progression of atherosclerosis and the risk of stroke
A Finnish population-based study showed that binge drinking was associated with increased atherosclerotic progression in an 11-year follow-up of middle-aged men.

Study of decline of malaria in the US could affect approach to malaria epidemic abroad, UT Arlington researcher says
A study of the eradication of the mosquito-borne disease in the US has implications for the approach to malaria abroad, says Daniel Sledge, assistant professor of political science.

Cheap metals can be used to make products from petroleum
A new process developed at the University of Illinois at Chicago suggests that base metals may be worth more than their weight in gold -- as catalysts in the manufacture of countless products made from petroleum-based raw materials.

Lightning strikes: ONR adds speed, precision to JSF manufacturing
A faster, more precise way to create cockpit enclosures may end up saving the F-35 Lightning II program a significant amount in manufacturing costs.

Breast milk protein may be key to protecting babies from HIV infection
A substance in breast milk that neutralizes HIV and may protect babies from acquiring HIV from their infected mothers has been identified for the first time by researchers at Duke Medicine.

Moderate to vigorous exercise boosts teens' academic performance
Regular moderate to vigorous exercise improves teens' academic performance, and particularly seems to help girls do better in science, indicates research published online in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.

Case Western Reserve School of Medicine scientist wins prestigious NIH New Innovators Award
Derek Taylor, Ph.D., a member of the Case Western Reserve School of Medicine, has been awarded the prestigious New Innovator Award by the National Institutes of Health.

Leader of smoking cessation and tobacco prevention efforts receives Institute of Medicine's 2013 Lienhard Award
The Institute of Medicine today presented the 2013 Gustav O.

Weatherizing homes to uniform standard can achieve $33 billion in annual energy savings
With winter around the corner some homeowners may be thinking about plugging all the leaks in their home to make them less drafty.

Historian traces the origins of rent control in World War I-era New York
Historian Robert Fogelson's new book uncovers the origins of rent control in a World War I-era fight between tenants and landlords for control of New York real estate.

St. Jude Children's Research Hospital scientific director elected to Institute of Medicine
James R. Downing, M.D., scientific director, deputy director and executive vice president at St.

New research informs California strawberry production practices
Scientists monitored fertilization and irrigation management practices in 26 fall-planted annual strawberry fields in California.

UCSB anthropologist studies the evolutionary benefit of human personality traits
Bold and outgoing or shy and retiring -- while many people can shift from one to the other as circumstances warrant, in general they lean toward one disposition or the other.

Antibody-drug conjugate may provide new treatment option for pancreatic cancer patients
Patients with pancreatic cancer may benefit from an investigational member of an emerging class of anticancer drugs called antibody-drug conjugates, according to preclinical results presented here at the AACR-NCI-EORTC International Conference on Molecular Targets and Cancer Therapeutics, held Oct.

Bielefeld iGEM team wins European preliminary round
Last weekend, Bielefeld University's iGEM team won the European region preliminary round of the international iGEM competition.

Infant pertussis hospitalizations lower than expected after teen vaccinations
Widespread vaccination of adolescents for pertussis was associated with lower rates of infant hospitalizations for the respiratory infection than would have been expected had teens not been inoculated according to new research in Pediatrics.

Study: No known hominin is ancestor of Neanderthals and modern humans
The search for a common ancestor linking modern humans with the Neanderthals who lived in Europe thousands of years ago has been a compelling subject for research.

UCLA gets $7 million to study substance use and HIV among minority men who have sex with men
The National Institute on Drug Abuse has awarded UCLA a $7 million grant to investigate the links between substance abuse and HIV among Latino and African-American men who have sex with men.

MARC travel awards announced for 2013 Institute on Teaching and Mentoring
FASEB MARC (Maximizing Access to Research Careers) Program has announced the travel award recipients for the 2013 Institute on Teaching and Mentoring, Arlington, Va., from Oct.

Solar panels can be used to provide heating and air conditioning
The use of solar panels to produce toilets hot water is standard practice, but researchers at the Madrid Universities Carlos III and Polit├ęcnica suggest that they may also be used to provide large offices with heating in the winter and air conditioning in the summer.

New drug combinations may benefit patients with pancreatic cancer
Two drug combinations that simultaneously block two major signaling pathways downstream of the protein KRAS, which is aberrantly active in most pancreatic cancers, may provide a new treatment option for patients with this disease, according to preclinical results presented here at the AACR-NCI-EORTC International Conference on Molecular Targets and Cancer Therapeutics, held Oct.

ACP recommends against screening for chronic kidney disease in adults without symptoms, risk factors
ACP's new guideline presents evidence-based recommendations for screening, monitoring, and treatment of adults with stage 1-3 chronic kidney disease.

Largest therapy trial worldwide: Psychotherapy treats anorexia effectively
A large-scale study has now shown that adult women with anorexia whose disorder is not too severe can be treated successfully on an out-patient basis.

Less sleep associated with brain imaging findings of Alzheimer disease in elderly
Getting less sleep and poor sleep quality are associated with abnormal brain imaging findings suggesting Alzheimer disease in older adults, according to a report published by JAMA Neurology, a JAMA Network publication.

TechFW@UTA to propel University research, innovation toward commercialization
The University of Texas at Arlington and TechFW, a Fort Worth-based technology startup initiative, have agreed to a multi-year partnership to commercialize University research and move innovation to the marketplace.

Bottle feeding associated with increased risk of stomach obstruction in infants
Bottle feeding appears to increase the risk infants will develop hypertrophic pyloric stenosis, a form of stomach obstruction, and that risk seems to be magnified when mothers are older and have had more than one child, according to a study published by JAMA Pediatrics, a JAMA Network publication.

Changing the common rule to increase minority voices in research
An article to be published in the American Journal of Public Health recommends changing the federal regulations that govern oversight of human subjects research (

Gladstone scientist to receive prestigious Pacesetter Award
Lennart Mucke, M.D., who directs neurological research at the Gladstone Institutes, next week will receive the ARCS Foundation's 2013 Pacesetter Award for his lifelong dedication to overcoming Alzheimer's disease--and for mentoring students to take a similar approach.

Small changes in ag practices could reduce produce-borne illness
Researchers from Cornell University have identified some agricultural management practices in the field that can either boost or reduce the risk of contamination in produce from two major foodborne pathogens: salmonella, the biggest single killer among the foodborne microbes, and Listeria monocytogenes.

Stanford scientists use Flickr photos to assess value of natural tourist attractions
Scientists use social media -- vacation photos from Flickr -- to study how people use natural areas for tourism and recreation.

Traffic-related air pollution a substantial public health concern
Traffic-related air pollution is increasingly shown to have negative health effects according to a growing body of epidemiologic evidence and is a substantial public health concern in Canada, argues a commentary published in CMAJ.

Nitrogen fertilizer remains in soils and leaks towards groundwater for decades, researchers find
Nitrogen fertilizer applied to crops lingers in the soil and leaks out as nitrate for decades towards groundwater --

Intervention helps older adults prepare for emergencies
A University of Missouri researcher has found a way to help older adults who live independently better prepare for health emergencies.

Sounding rocket to calibrate NASA's SDO instrument
NASA will conduct a sounding rocket launch at 2 p.m.

NUS scientists identify molecular switch that suppresses development of liver cancer
A team of scientists from the National University of Singapore has found that activating a family of small protein, known as Rho, could suppress liver malignancies.

BGI partners with Life Technologies to offer sequencing applications on ion torrent
BGI partners with Life Technologies to offer sequencing applications on ion torrent.

Tropical Storm Lekima born in northwestern Pacific Ocean
The twenty-eighth tropical depression of the Northwestern Pacific Ocean tropical cyclone season developed and strengthened into Tropical Storm Lekima.

CWRU makes nanodiamonds in ambient conditions
Researchers at Case Western Reserve University have developed a way to cheaply make nanodiamonds on a lab bench at atmospheric pressure and near room temperature.

Stanford researchers demonstrate efficient method for converting fat cells to liver cells
In a feat of modern-day alchemy with huge potential for regenerative medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine scientists have developed a fast, efficient way to turn cells extracted from routine liposuction into liver cells.

Bugs not gay, just confused
Dr. Inon Scharf of Tel Aviv University and Dr. Oliver Martin of ETH Zurich have found that homosexual behavior in bugs is probably accidental in most cases.

A natural boost for MRI scans
Using an innocuous agent that is already naturally produced in the body, EPFL researchers have developed a breakthrough method that can make contrast-enhanced MRI safer and cheaper.

In wake of Hurricane Sandy, Oklahoma tornadoes, NSF awards $32 million in hazards sustainability grants
Sandy: the deadliest and most destructive hurricane of the 2012 Atlantic hurricane season and the second-costliest hurricane in US history.

Growing up poor and stressed impacts brain function as an adult
Poverty coupled with stress have long-lasting effects on brain function, according to a study published online in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Study examines endoscopic ultrasound-guided drainage of pancreatic pseudocysts
Researchers report that in patients with pseudocysts with viscous debris-laden fluid, endoscopic ultrasound-guided drainage by using a combination of a nasocystic drain and transmural stents improves clinical outcomes and lowers the stent occlusion rate compared with those who underwent drainage via stents alone.

UC San Diego researchers advance explanation for star formation
A newly published paper by three UC San Diego astrophysics researchers for the first time provides an explanation for the origin of three observed correlations between various properties of molecular clouds in the Milky Way galaxy known as Larson's Laws.

NJIT to host public reception for Rebuild by Design project proposals
One year following the events of Hurricane Sandy, New Jersey Institute of Technology will host a public reception on Monday, Oct.

New native shrubs show promise for landscape, nursery industries
Scientists studied softwood stem cutting propagation of four underused shrub species native to the northeastern United States (Ceanothus americanus, Corylus cornuta, Lonicera canadensis, and Viburnum acerifolium).

Quake-triggered landslides pose significant hazard for Seattle, new study details potential damage
A new study suggests the next big quake on the Seattle fault may cause devastating damage from landslides, greater than previously thought and beyond the areas currently defined as prone to landslides.

New report focuses on interface of digital humanitarian groups and government
A new report from the Wilson Center's Commons Lab examines how government agencies can quickly make sense of data from the emerging technologies that are now overloading disaster responders, including social media, satellite imagery, and community-curated maps.

Shorter sleep duration and poorer sleep quality linked to Alzheimer's disease biomarker
New study finds, reports of shorter sleep duration and poorer sleep quality were associated with a greater ╬▓-Amyloid burden.

Pioneer in schizophrenia and ethics research receives Institute of Medicine's 2013 Sarnat Prize
The Institute of Medicine today awarded the 2013 Rhoda and Bernard Sarnat International Prize in Mental Health to William T.

Are you ready to retire?
In a paper published last month in the SIAM Journal on Applied Mathematics, authors Carmen Calvo-Garrido, Andrea Pascucci, and Carlos Vazquez present a partial differential equation model governing the value of defined pension plans including the option for early retirement.

MARC travel awards announced for the 2013 ABRCMS Meeting
FASEB MARC (Maximizing Access to Research Careers) Program has announced the travel award recipients for the 2013 Annual Biomedical Research Conference for Minority Students meeting in Nashville, Tenn., from Nov.

Institute of Medicine honors members for outstanding service
The Institute of Medicine of the National Academies honored members Donald Berwick, R.

Low vitamin D levels raise anemia risk in children, Hopkins-led study shows
Low levels of the

Recommendations for clinical trial accrual published in Journal of Oncology Practice
Recommendations for overcoming issues related to cancer clinical trial accrual were published in Journal of Oncology Practice.

Study explores the role of uncertainty in infectious disease modelling
Research by scientists at the University of Liverpool has found that greater consideration of the limitations and uncertainties present in every infectious disease model would improve its usefulness and value.

Targeted culling of deer controls disease with little effect on hunting
Chronic wasting disease, the deer-equivalent of mad cow disease, has crept across the US landscape from west to east, and was first detected in the Midwest in 2002.

Health news stories on local television news broadcasts are too short, MU researcher says
Researchers at the University of Missouri School of Journalism have found that while local television news is the most common source of health news for Americans, most health news stories on local news broadcasts are only 30 seconds or less in length.

Maternal smoking may impair infant immunity, causing a broad range of infections
Maternal smoking is associated with both respiratory and non-respiratory infections in infants, resulting in increased risk for hospitalization and death, according to an abstract presented Sunday, Oct.

Study: Death by moonlight? Not always
Is moonlight dangerous? It depends on what you are, according to a study published online recently in the Journal of Animal Ecology.

Atomically thin device promises new class of electronics
Northwestern University researchers have taken a significant step toward fabricating complex nanoscale electronics: the creation of a p-n heterojunction diode, a fundamental building block of modern electronics.

Nano-cone textures generate extremely 'robust' water-repellent surfaces
Scientists create surfaces with differently shaped nanoscale textures that may yield improved materials for applications in transportation, energy, and diagnostics.

Controlling the triggers of age-related inflammation could extend 'healthspan'
Inflammation is the common denominator of many chronic age-related diseases such as arthritis, gout, Alzheimer's, and diabetes.

Personal and social concerns motivate organic food buyers
Predicting whether consumers will purchase organic or conventional food is a multimillion dollar gamble within the food sector.

Ludwig scientist Richard D. Kolodner elected to the Institute of Medicine
Ludwig scientist Richard D. Kolodner, PhD, has been elected as one of 70 new members to the Institute of Medicine (IOM) today.

Harvard researchers, pharma experts offer recommendations to expand access to clinical trial data
A new report by Harvard researchers and a working group convened by the Multi-Regional Clinical Trials Center at Harvard proposes recommendations for how to expand public access to data from clinical trials while protecting patients' privacy and weighing pharmaceutical companies' business interests.

Wyss Institute core faculty member elected to the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies
David Mooney, Ph.D., a core faculty member at the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University and the Robert P.

Targeting cancer's sweet tooth
Ludwig researchers have elucidated a key mechanism by which cancer cells change how they metabolize glucose to generate the energy and raw materials required to sustain runaway growth.

Study shows buying breast milk online is likely to cause illness in infants
Results from a study led by researchers at Nationwide Children's Hospital found more than three-fourths of breast milk samples purchased over the Internet contained bacteria that can cause illness, and frequently exhibited signs of poor collection, storage or shipping practices.

Large prospective study finds long-term obesity is associated with poorer pancreatic cancer survival
New results from a prospective study published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology show that patients with a body mass index in the obese range live on average two to three months less after a pancreatic cancer diagnosis, compared with healthy weight patients, even after adjusting for factors that are known to predict survival for patients with this disease, such as age and disease stage.

Learning new skills keeps an aging mind sharp
Older adults are often encouraged to stay active and engaged to keep their minds sharp, that they have to

IPM receives 2 awards from USAID through PEPFAR to advance HIV prevention technologies for women
The International Partnership for Microbicides announced today that it has received two competitive five-year awards with a combined US$40 million ceiling from the US Agency for International Development provided through the US President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR).

Tuberculosis and the social lives of badgers
Badgers are an important wildlife reservoir for tuberculosis infection, a disease that leads thousands of cattle to slaughter each year.

Major Alzheimer's risk factor linked to red wine target
The major genetic risk factor for Alzheimer's disease (AD), present in about two-thirds of people who develop the disease, is ApoE4, the cholesterol-carrying protein that about a quarter of us are born with.

Cleaner and greener cities with integrated transparent solar cells
In a recent study carried out at ICFO, researchers have fabricated an optimal organic solar cell with a high level of transparency and a high power conversion efficiency, a promising step forward towards affordable, clean, more widely utilized and urban integrated renewable energies.

Embargoed news from Oct. 22, 2013 Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet
Below is information about articles being published in the October 22 issue of Annals of Internal Medicine.

NASA animation shows birth of 13th Atlantic tropical depression
The thirteenth tropical depression of the Atlantic Ocean season formed today, Oct.

Patients report doctors not telling them of overdiagnosis risk in screenings
A survey finds that most patients are not being told about the possibility of overdiagnosis and overtreatment as a result of cancer screenings, according to report in a research letter by Odette Wegwarth, Ph.D., and Gerd Gigerenzer, Ph.D., of the Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Berlin, Germany.

Grazers and pollinators shape plant evolution
It has long been known that the characteristics of many plants with wide ranges can vary geographically, depending on differences in climate.

Gothenburg coordinates EU-project on reducing healthcare costs
EU-wide there is a clear and urgent need to curb healthcare costs.

Carnegie Mellon President Subra Suresh elected to Institute of Medicine
Carnegie Mellon University President Subra Suresh has been elected a member of the Institute of Medicine (IOM), making him the only current university president to be elected to all three national academies.

How does aging affect cancer? Einstein awarded $2.8m grant to answer NCI 'provocative question'
Gene mutations increase as people age, which helps explain why cancer usually strikes older people.

In Nepal, villagers' land uses help people and tigers, study finds
Hopeful signs that humans and critically endangered tigers can coexist are emerging in rural Nepal, where a new study by conservation scientist Neil Carter shows that when Nepalese villagers are empowered to make local land management decisions, the results benefit both people and tigers.

Hitchhiking virus confirms saga of ancient human migration
A study of the full genetic code of a common human virus offers a dramatic confirmation of the

The manufacturing of auto parts is reduced to a single step
CIC marGUNE, the Co-operative Research Centre for High-Performance Manufacturing, is coordinating a line of research into thixoforming, the shaping of metals in a semi-solid state.

A chameleon in the physics lab
Active camouflage has taken a step forward at Harvard, with a new coating that intrinsically conceals its own temperature to thermal cameras.

The Danes do not abandon church Christianity
New research from University of Copenhagen shows that Danes are not abandoning their communal Protestant religion in favor of individualized spirituality such as meditation and mindfulness; the support for Christian faith and spirituality respectively has been stable the past 30 years.

West African bats -- no safe haven for malaria parasites
West African bats are hosts to a multitude of different haemosporidian parasites.

Economic assessment of mountain pine beetle timber salvage
A recently published study by US Forest Service researchers shows that while positive net revenues could be produced in West Coast and Northern Rockies states with active timber markets, the central Rocky Mountain states of Colorado, Utah, and Wyoming -- which have the largest volume of standing dead timber -- would not generate positive net revenues by salvaging beetle-killed timber.

Do sunny climates reduce ADHD?
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, or ADHD, is the most common childhood psychiatric disorder.

The potential of straw for the energy mix has been underestimated
Straw from agriculture could play an important role in the future energy mix for Germany.

Contact lens discomfort: What is it, why does it occur and how can it be treated?
Contact lens discomfort may be the leading cause of patient dissatisfaction with, and discontinuation of, contact lens wear throughout the world -- but there is little agreement among vision researchers and eye care professionals about how to define and manage its causes.

Infection connections: Badger surveillance project reveals how TB infects their social networks
Researchers at the University of Exeter and the AHVLA's National Wildlife Management Centre have shown that the social lives of badgers are related to their risk of infection with bovine tuberculosis.

Keeping an eye on component cleanliness
There are exceedingly strict cleanliness guidelines for components in sectors such as the automobile industry.

New nanopharmaceutical may help overcome resistance to certain anticancer drugs
The nanopharmaceutical drug CRLX101 is showing promise as a potential new treatment for cancers that develop resistance to antiangiogenic drugs and radiation therapy, according to clinical trial results presented here at the AACR-NCI-EORTC International Conference on Molecular Targets and Cancer Therapeutics, held Oct.

NASA sees major Hurricane Raymond lashing western Mexico
Low pressure System 96E developed quickly over the weekend of Oct.

NSF awards grants for deployment of new observing system in the North Atlantic Ocean
In an effort to study the circulation of ocean waters, a key component of the global climate system, the National Science Foundation has awarded $16 million in grants over the next five years to oceanographers at Duke University, the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution and the University of Miami.

For first time, drug developed based on zebrafish studies passes Phase I clinical trial
Zebrafish research achieved a significant milestone when the first drug developed through studies utilizing the tiny animal and then put into clinical trials passed a Phase 1 trial aimed at establishing its safety.

Announcing the recipients for the Accelerating Science Award Program
The three award recipients for the Accelerating Science Award Program (ASAP) were announced today in Washington, DC at the Open Access Week kickoff event hosted by the Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition and the World Bank.

UC research examines how white-collar criminals adjust to prison life
Chances are that Bernie Madoff and other

Fatal cholesterol disease overlooked and untreated
Hereditary high blood cholesterol leads to premature heart disease. It is overlooked and untreated virtually worldwide -- including in Europe.

Hair regeneration method is first to induce new human hair growth
Researchers at Columbia University Medical Center have devised a hair restoration method that can generate new human hair growth, rather than simply redistribute hair from one part of the scalp to another.

Light as medicine?
Scientists have known for years that certain wavelengths of light in certain doses can heal, but they are only now uncovering exactly how it works, thanks in large part to research cluster in Milwaukee.

New drug reduces negative memory
Through analysis of the human genome, Basle scientists have identified molecules and compounds that are related to human memory.

Vetch cover crop, fertilizer practices recommended for organic zucchini
Researchers tested the effects of vetch residue management strategies incorporating green manure using a roller-crimper and different organic fertilizers on organic zucchini yield and quality.

Time is ripe for fire detection satellite, say UC Berkeley scientists
Wildfire detection today is much like it was 200 years ago, relying primarily on humans to spot smoke plumes or flames.

Seeing in the dark
The Yangtze finless porpoise, which inhabits the high-traffic waters near the Three Gorges Dam in China, is highly endangered, with only about 1,000 animals alive today.

Role of estrogen in colon cancer prevention, treatment studied at UH
Colon cancer affects both men and women. Estrogen has been shown to reduce incidence of this disease.

UMass Amherst physics professor wins grant to study organization inside cell's space
Physicist Jennifer Ross of UMass Amherst recently won a four-year, $800,000 INSPIRE award from NSF to uncover and establish the laws for the fundamental workings of cells, which form the basis of tissues in plants, animals and humans.

Poorly camouflaged insects can kick off a cascade of ecological impacts, new CU-Boulder study finds
A California walking stick insect that has evolved to produce individuals with two distinct appearances -- an all-green form that camouflages well with broader leaves and a form with a white stripe running down its back that blends better with needle-like leaves -- can markedly affect its broader ecological community when the appearance of the bug is mismatched with the plant it's living on.

Single mutation gives virus new target
A mutation as minute as swapping just one amino acid can completely change the target that a virus will bind to on a victim cell -- potentially shifting what kind of cell and eventually what kind of organism a virus could infect.

Large study to examine if vitamin D prevents diabetes
Researchers have begun the first definitive, large-scale clinical trial to investigate if a vitamin D supplement helps prevent or delay type 2 diabetes in adults who have prediabetes, who are at high risk for developing type 2.

URC leads new USAID project to improve Haiti's health care system
University Research Co., LLC is leading a new project in Haiti, a country with complex public health issues, to improve the population's health status.

Tufts Medical Center to lead 20-center study on vitamin D's effect on Type 2 diabetes
D2d is a nationwide clinical trial to determine if vitamin D supplementation can reduce the likelihood of developing Type 2 diabetes in people who are at high risk for this serious metabolic disorder.

Study identifies safe delivery system for tricky yet potent anti-cancer cancer compound
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have discovered a way to effectively deliver staurosporine, a powerful anti-cancer compound that has vexed researchers for more than 30 years due to its instability in the blood and toxic nature in both healthy and cancerous cells.

Risk of Amazon rainforest dieback is higher than IPCC projects
A new study suggests the southern portion of the Amazon rainforest is at a much higher risk of dieback due to stronger seasonal drying than projections made by the climate models used in the latest report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.

Scientists untangle nanotubes to release their potential in the electronics industry
Researchers have demonstrated how to produce electronic inks for the development of new applications using the 'wonder material', carbon nanotubes.

Turfgrass tested in shallow green roof substrates
Researchers studied the drought tolerance of Manilagrass grown under green roof conditions and two irrigation regimes.

Parents want e-mail consults with doctors, but don't want to pay for them
Most parents would love to get an e-mail response from their kids' health care provider for a minor illness rather than making an office visit, but about half say that online consultation should be free, according to a new University of Michigan C.S.

Beaumont, Royal Oak repeats as Consumer Choice Award winner for 18th time
Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak has been named the top choice of consumers by the National Research Corporation for the 18th consecutive year in a five-county area in Metro Detroit.

Frederick Appelbaum elected to Institute of Medicine
Frederick R. Appelbaum, M.D., executive vice president and deputy director of Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, has been elected to the Institute of Medicine.
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