Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 23, 2013
Managing the data deluge through new software
Unprecedented torrents of data flood out of research labs on a continual basis, but making sense of it all remains a major scientific bottleneck.

Emotionally intelligent people may influence the emotions of others based on their own goals
Emotionally intelligent people have the ability to manipulate others to satisfy their own interest.

Complete care improves patient outcomes
Complete Care, a collaborative approach to meeting patient needs, is improving outcomes for Kaiser Permanente patients.

New eye treatment effective in laboratory tests
A promising technique for treating human eye disease has proven effective in preclinical studies and may lead to new treatments to prevent blindness, according to experiments conducted at The Scripps Research Institute in La Jolla, California.

Long-term study links box jellyfish abundance, environmental variability at Waikiki Beach
Drawing on 14 years of monthly collection data, researchers at the University of Hawai'i at Manoa have found that the total number of box jellyfish that come ashore at Waikiki displayed no net increase or decrease, but instead followed an oscillating four-year pattern.

Study: Metformin for breast cancer less effective at higher glucose concentrations
A University of Colorado Cancer Center study published online this month in the journal Cell Cycle shows that breast cancer cell growth, motility and aggression is promoted by excess glucose, as experienced by patients with diabetes and metabolic syndrome.

People don't put a high value on climate protection
Without further incentives selfish behavior will continue to dominate.

Birthing a new breed of materials
Research presented at the AVS Meeting in Long Beach, Calif.

NASA sees Tropical Storm Raymond finally moving away from Mexico
Satellite data revealed that Raymond, formerly a hurricane, now a tropical storm is finally moving away from the coast of south-central Mexico.

NIST MEP sets up 1-stop shop for manufacturing-related research and reports
The Hollings Manufacturing Extension Partnership has a new website where users can find a collection of reports and studies on manufacturing policy and practice.

USC researcher reveals how to better master stem cells' fate
USC scientist Qi-Long Ying and a team of researchers have long been searching for biotech's version of the fountain of youth -- ways to encourage embryonic stem cells and epiblast stem cells to endlessly self-renew, or divide to produce more stem cells.

Nanopore opens new cellular doorway for drug transport
A living cell is built with barriers to keep things out -- and researchers are constantly trying to find ways to smuggle molecules in.‬ ‪Professor Giovanni Maglia (Biochemistry, Molecular and Structural Biology, KU Leuven) and his team have engineered a biological nanopore that acts as a selective revolving door through a cell's lipid membrane.

Study finds prenatal diagnosis and birth location may significantly improve neonatal HLHS survival
A first-of-its-kind study led by Texas Children's Hospital and Baylor College of Medicine, published online in the journal, Circulation, found that infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) born far from a hospital providing neonatal cardiac surgery for HLHS have increased neonatal mortality, with most deaths occurring before surgery.

NIST/JQI team 'gets the edge' on photon transport in silicon
Scientists have a new way to edge around a difficult problem in quantum physics, now that a research team from NIST and University of Maryland's Joint Quantum Institute have proved their recent theory about how particles of light flow within a novel device they built.

Paper-based device could bring medical testing to remote locales
In remote regions of the world where electricity is hard to come by and scientific instruments are even scarcer, conducting medical tests at a doctor's office or medical lab is rarely an option.

UT, Texas A&M astronomers discover universe's most distant galaxy
Texas A&M University and the University of Texas at Austin may be former football rivals, but the Lone Star State's two research giants have teamed up to detect the most distant spectroscopically confirmed galaxy ever found -- one created within 700 million years after the Big Bang.

'Common courtesy' lacking among doctors-in-training
Johns Hopkins investigators have found that doctors-in-training are unlikely to introduce themselves fully to hospitalized patients or sit down to talk to them eye-to-eye, despite research suggesting that courteous bedside manners improve medical recovery along with patient satisfaction.

TopoChip reveals the Braille code of cells
A new tool, presented at the AVS Meeting in Long Beach, Calif., is uncovering the fundamentals of how cells respond to surfaces and could potentially improve the effectiveness of biomedical implants.

Cancer wasting due in part to tumor factors that block muscle repair, study shows
A new study reveals that tumors release factors into the bloodstream that inhibit the repair of damaged muscle fibers, and that this contributes to muscle loss during cancer wasting.

New worldwide studies reveal stroke is increasingly affecting younger people and suggest that the global burden of stroke may double by 2030
Stroke, a condition traditionally associated with old age, is increasingly affecting young and middle aged people, according to a major new analysis from the Global and Regional Burden of Stroke in 1990-2010 study*, published in The Lancet.

UC Riverside astronomers help discover the most distant known galaxy
University of California, Riverside astronomers Bahram Mobasher and Naveen Reddy are members of a team that has discovered the most distant galaxy ever found.

How liver 'talks' to muscle: A well-timed, coordinated conversation
A major collaborative research effort involving scientists at Harvard School of Public Health, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard University have uncovered a novel signal mechanism that controls how fat storage in the liver can communicate with fat burning in skeletal muscle.

A young Picasso or Beethoven could be the next Edison
Good news for parents: Those pricey piano lessons or random toy parts littering your floors may one day lead to the next scientific breakthrough.

Study: Students text, a lot, during class
The typical student plays with smartphones, laptops, tablets and other digital devices an average of 11 times a day in class.

Name that tune
The same algorithm used to find tunes in music retrieval systems has been successfully applied in identifying the signature whistles of dolphins, affording a new time-saving device for research into the world of dolphin communication.

Children's National researcher co-authors study on transitioning cystic fibrosis care
Children's National pediatrician and researcher, Lisa Tuchman, M.D., M.P.H., co-authored a new study on cystic fibrosis care that found patients had a less rapid decline in pulmonary function and no other significant health-related changes after transitioning from pediatric to adult care.

Environmental factors help limit gene flow between different giraffe species
Giraffe species may only breed with each other based on the timing of rainfall in their local environments.

Coral chemicals protect against warming oceans
Australian marine scientists have found the first evidence that coral itself may play an important role in regulating local climate.

Stealth nanoparticles lower drug-resistant tumors' defenses
Some of the most dangerous cancers are those that can outmaneuver the very drugs designed to defeat them, but researchers are now reporting a new Trojan-horse approach.

H5N1 bird flu genes show nature can pick worrisome traits
In the beginning, all flu viruses came from birds. Over time, the virus evolved to adapt to other animals, including humans, as natural selection favored viruses with mutations that allowed them to more readily infect the cells of new host species.

CNIO researchers discover new genetic errors that could cause 1 of the most deadly leukaemias
Acute dendritic leukaemia is a rare type of leukaemia, but one with the worst prognosis -- the average patient survival rate is just 12-14 months -- that is difficult to treat.

Older siblings' cells can be passed from female dogs to their puppies in the womb, MU researchers find
Researchers from the University of Missouri College of Veterinary Medicine found that microchimerism, a condition where some people possess a small number of cells in their bodies that are not genetically their own, can be passed from a female dog to her offspring while they are still in the womb.

Dolphins inspire new radar system to detect hidden surveillance and explosive devices
Inspired by the way dolphins hunt using bubble nets, scientists at the University of Southampton, in collaboration with University College London and Cobham Technical Services, have developed a new kind of radar that can detect hidden surveillance equipment and explosives.

Berkeley Lab researchers get a detailed look at a DNA repair protein in action
Berkeley Lab researchers at the Advanced Light Source (ALS) have invented a new technique for studying the process by which certain errors in the genetic code are detected and repaired.

Geoscience Workforce Currents #81: Salaries and employment locations of recent geoscience graduates
Currents #81 examines preliminary results on where geoscience students found employment following graduation, and at which salary level.

The reins of Casimir: Engineered nanostructures could offer way to control quantum effect
You might think that a pair of parallel plates hanging motionless in a vacuum just a fraction of a micrometer away from each other would be like strangers passing in the night -- so close but destined never to meet.

USC researcher learns how to break a sweat
Without sweat, we would overheat and die. In a recent paper in the journal PLOS ONE, USC faculty member Krzysztof Kobielak and a team of researchers explored the ultimate origin of this sticky, stinky but vital substance -- sweat gland stem cells.

Communication with similar people stronger than believed
People's tendency to communicate with similar people is stronger than earlier believed, which restricts the flow of information and ideas in social networks.

UCSB anthropologist examines the motivating factors behind hazing
It happens in military units, street gangs and even among athletes on sports teams.

Towards a real understanding of depression
This Neuropsychoanalysis Association hosted interdisciplinary conference for researchers and clinicians,

UNH researcher: Bees underwent massive extinction when dinosaurs did
For the first time ever, scientists have documented a widespread extinction of bees that occurred 65 million years ago, concurrent with the massive event that wiped out land dinosaurs and many flowering plants.

Oral bacteria create a 'fingerprint' in your mouth
The bacteria in the human mouth -- particularly those nestled under the gums -- are as powerful as a fingerprint at identifying a person's ethnicity, new research shows.

NASA's TRMM satellite shows wind shear's effect on Tropical Storm Lorenzo
NASA's TRMM satellite data provided forecasters at the National Hurricane Center with a good look at how wind shear is affecting Tropical Storm Lorenzo in the Atlantic Ocean.

Lower blood sugars may be good for the brain
Even for people who don't have diabetes or high blood sugar, those with higher blood sugar levels are more likely to have memory problems, according to a new study published in the Oct.

New research illustrates Mississippi River's role
A new study led by scientists at the University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science showed that the complex circulation from the Mississippi River plume played a substantial role in the transport and fate of the oil following the 2010 Deepwater Horizon incident.

Johns Hopkins launches new bioethics fellowship program
With a grant from the Hecht-Levi Foundation, the Johns Hopkins Berman Institute of Bioethics has created a new, two-year postdoctoral fellowship program that will support least 10 postdoctoral fellows over the next decade.

Imaging breast cancer with light
Breast cancer is one of the most common forms of cancer and cancer deaths among women worldwide.

UCLA chemists use MRI to peek at temperatures of gases inside catalytic reactors
UCLA chemists report a new

Researchers show how plants tell the time
BBSRC-funded scientists from the University of Cambridge Department of Plant Sciences are studying how plants are able to set and maintain this internal clock.

Ignorance is sometimes bliss
Evolutionary biologist W.D. Hamilton predicted that organisms ought to evolve the ability to discriminate degrees of kinship so as to refine their ability to direct help to individuals with whom they shared the most genes.

Men tend to walk slower when walking with romantic partners
When walking with female romantic partners, males tend to slow down by about 7 percent.

UAlberta medical researchers discover potential new treatment for colitis
A drug currently on the market to treat leukemia reversed symptoms of colitis in lab tests, according to recently published findings by medical researchers with the University of Alberta.

Columbia Business School Professor Rita McGrath cites the end of competitive advantage in new book
In The End of Competitive Advantage: How to Keep Your Strategy Moving as Fast as Your Business, Columbia Business School Professor Rita McGrath takes on the fundamental notion of sustainable competitive advantage -- and argues that executives need to stop basing their strategies on it.

NASA eyes Super-typhoon Lekima in the northwestern Pacific
NASA's Terra satellite flew over Lekima after it became a super-typhoon in the northwestern Pacific Ocean and captured visible and infrared data on the storm.

Keeping it real: Virtual trainer upgrades boost shipboard flight ops
Answering the fleet's call for more authentic training environments, the Office of Naval Research is delivering a more cost-effective, realistic simulator to train Sailors responsible for directing the movement of helicopters aboard ships.

Induced pluripotent stem cells reveal differences between humans and great apes
Researchers at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies have, for the first time, taken chimpanzee and bonobo skin cells and turned them into induced pluripotent stem cells, a type of cell that has the ability to form any other cell or tissue in the body.

First-ever Information Systems Job Index shows healthy market for college students
Despite a 7.2 percent national unemployment rate, the job market is a healthy one for college students majoring in information systems, with nearly three quarters of students receiving at least one job offer, according to the nationwide IS Job Index by the Association for Information Systems and Temple University's Fox School of Business.

Researchers capture images of open channel that moves proteins across cell membranes
Similar to passengers on an urban transit system, every protein made in the cell has a specific destination and function.

Storrs Agricultural Experiment Station designated as a Milestones in Microbiology site
The Storrs Agricultural Experiment Station, site of Herbert William Conn's Research Laboratory at the Connecticut Agricultural College (later the University of Connecticut, Storrs) has been named a Milestones in Microbiology site by the American Society for Microbiology.

Computer scientist to mine electronic medical record data for better healthcare
A UT Arlington computer scientist is leading a new, National Science Foundation project to mine electronic medical records data to help physicians personalize patient treatment, predict health care needs and identify risks that can lead to readmission.

A protein safeguards against cataracts
The refractive power of the human eye lens relies on a densely packed mixture of proteins.

ChemWiki takes on costly textbooks
The hefty college textbook, weighty in both pounds and dollars, has long been a staple of student life.

CU-Boulder study shows unprecedented warmth in Arctic
Average summer temperatures in the Eastern Canadian Arctic during the last 100 years are higher now than during any century in the past 44,000 years and perhaps as long ago as 120,000 years, says a new University of Colorado Boulder study.

Advanced Open Access publishing model
Open access to content and data, does not necessarily mean

A simple test may catch early pancreatic cancer
Reporting on a small preliminary study, Johns Hopkins researchers say a simple blood test based on detection of tiny epigenetic alterations may reveal the earliest signs of pancreatic cancer, a disease that is nearly always fatal because it isn't usually discovered until it has spread to other parts of the body.

South African 'living stone' plant adapts to extreme conditions in new ways
A unique plant that lives underground uses multiple mechanisms to boost photosynthesis and offers new insights into how plants adapt to extreme conditions.

Vacuums provide solid ground for new definition of kilogram
The weight of the kilogram may soon rest on the emptiness of a vacuum.

Swiss private banking in clinch with high cost level
Internationally as well as in Switzerland, the assets under management of private banks increased in 2012.

Study finds testosterone therapy may reduce risk of cardiovascular disease
Research from Boston University School of Medicine suggests that testosterone treatment in hypogonadal (testosterone deficient) men restores normal lipid profiles and may reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.

New biological links between sleep deprivation and the immune system discovered
The fact that sleep deprivation has an impact on the function of the human immune system is well known.

NASA sees heavy rain in Typhoon Francisco, now affecting southern Japanese islands
On Oct. 22, 2013 Typhoon Francisco was already affecting the southern islands Japan when the TRMM satellite had a good view of its rainfall and cloud heights.

Uncovering the tricks of nature's ice-seeding bacteria
New discoveries, presented at the AVS Meeting in Long Beach, Calif., could impact applications ranging from artificial snowmaking to global climate models.

PD map: Putting together the pieces of the Parkinson's puzzle
Parkinson's disease continues to puzzle physicians and biologists alike -- even though it is well-established that symptoms can all be traced back to the death of a certain type of brain cell.

Bradley Hasbro Children's Research Center launches food allergy video game trial
Elizabeth McQuaid, Ph.D., a staff psychologist from the Bradley Hasbro Children's Research Center, is leading a research team testing a new interactive software game developed to help children with peanut allergies better manage allergy symptoms, social situations and proper food avoidance.

NEJM study exposes overuse of radiation therapy when urologists profit from self-referral
A comprehensive review of Medicare claims for more than 45,000 patients from 2005 through 2010 found that nearly all of the 146 percent increase in intensity- modulated radiation therapy for prostate cancer among urologists with an ownership interest in the treatment was due to self-referral, according to new research,

Deciding when 'not' to maximize profits
Corporate America doesn't always maximize profits -- companies sometimes deliberately leave money on the table in an effort to

Futuristic copper foam batteries get more bang for the buck
Scientists report steps toward safer, cheaper, longer-lasting, and faster-charging solid-state battery at the AVS Meeting in Long Beach, Calif.

Vinyl flooring linked to potentially harmful substances at schools and daycare centers
Large areas of vinyl flooring in daycares and schools appear to expose children to a group of compounds called phthalates, which have been linked to reproductive and developmental problems, scientists are reporting.

Mass producing pocket labs
There is certainly no shortage of lab-on-a-chip devices, but in most cases manufacturers have not yet found a cost-effective way to mass produce them.

Tailored doses of cytostatic improve survival rate
Sweden, and colleagues at University Children's Hospital Zürich in Switzerland have managed to improve cytostatic therapy for children with the chronic immune deficiency disorder granulomatous disease prior to stem cell transplantation.

Super song learners
Researchers uncover a mechanism for improving song learning in juvenile zebra finches.

Changes in epigenetic DNA functions reveal how diabetes predisposes individuals to Alzheimer's
Mount Sinai Researchers hope to exploit findings to develop novel preventive and treatment strategies for Alzheimer's disease.

Neurotoxin effectively relieves bone cancer pain in dogs, Penn researchers find
By the time bone cancer is diagnosed in a pet dog, it is often too late to save the animal's life.

Force to be reckoned with: NIST measures laser power with portable scale
NIST researchers have demonstrated a novel method for measuring laser power by reflecting the light off a mirrored scale, which acts as a force detector.

UNC child neurologist finds potential route to better treatments for Fragile X, autism
UNC School of Medicine researchers led by neurologist C.J. Malanga, describes a major reason why current medications only moderately alleviate Fragile X symptoms.

Seeing the song
Imagine the brain's delight when experiencing the sounds of Beethoven's

How are Open Access and MOOCS disrupting the academic community in different ways?
Supporters of open academic content have long touted its ability to widen the impact and productivity of scholarship while relieving cost pressures in academia.

Diabetes drug metformin with chemo and radiation may improve outcomes in lung cancer patients
Treating aggressive lung cancer with the diabetes drug metformin along with radiation and chemotherapy may slow tumor growth and recurrence, suggests new preliminary findings from researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania being presented during an oral abstract session Oct.

The math says Red Sox have a big edge in the World Series, according to NJIT professor
Now that the World Series is about to begin, NJIT math professor Bruce Bukiet has announced the probability of each of the contenders winning the best 4 out of 7 game contest.

Using sound waves for remote bomb detection
A remote acoustic detection system designed to identify homemade bombs can determine the difference between those that contain low-yield and high-yield explosive.

Team uses forest waste to develop cheaper, greener supercapacitors
Researchers report that wood-biochar supercapacitors can produce as much power as today's activated-carbon supercapacitors at a fraction of the cost -- and with environmentally friendly byproducts.

How will stem cell therapies impact patient care?
The stem cell field is at a critical point, with the potential for a major impact on clinical medicine if stem cell-based therapies can overcome serious and immediate challenges.

Study finds natural compound can be used for 3-D printing of medical implants
Biomedical engineering researchers have discovered that a naturally-occurring compound can be incorporated into three-dimensional printing processes to create medical implants out of non-toxic polymers.

Top Internet researchers to convene at NYU-Poly
More than 200 scholars and representatives from business and government will gather on the campus of the Polytechnic Institute of New York University to participate in a project that re-envisions the Internet and its capabilities.

Food additive may prevent spread of deadly new avian flu
A common food additive can block a deadly new strain of avian influenza virus from infecting healthy cells, report researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago College of Medicine in the online journal, PLOS ONE.

Biomolecules for the production line
To produce proteins on an industrial scale without using living cells is the ambitious goal of cell-free bioproduction.

Child born with HIV still in remission after 18 months off treatment, experts report
A three-year-old Mississippi child born with HIV and treated with a combination of antiviral drugs unusually early continues to do well and remains free of active infection 18 months after all treatment ceased, according to an updated case report published Oct.

Penn docs find successful strategy to expand patient participation in hard-to-enroll clinical trials
Clinical trials are key to finding new cancer treatments, but with patient participation hovering around 5 percent, new strategies are needed to boost enrollment, particularly to study the rare cancers that have so few cases.

UCLA sleep apnea study uncovers more hidden dangers for women
A new study shows that autonomic responses -- the controls that impact such functions as blood pressure, heart rate, sweating -- are weaker in people with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), but even more so in females than males.

Early-life exposure of frogs to herbicide increases mortality from fungal disease
A new study shows the herbicide atrazine increased mortality from chytridiomycosis, a disease causing worldwide amphibian declines.

Self-rated health puts aging and health needs on the agenda
Implementation of national surveys where the population can estimate and assess their own health may give policy makers important insights into the different health interventions that should be implemented.

Long-term memory helps chimpanzees in their search for food
While searching for bountiful fruit crops in the rain forest, chimpanzees remember past feeding experiences.

'Saving Brains' of kids in developing countries: Grand Challenges Canada funds 14 bold new ideas
A new project in Ghana will demonstrate how medical staff and parents anywhere can use simple, affordable ways of soothing infants and reduce the damage to the brains of pre-term babies caused by the chronic pain of hospital needles and other daily procedures.

Insights into how TB tricks the immune system could help combat the disease
Researchers have identified a potential way to manipulate the immune system to improve its ability to fight off tuberculosis (TB).

New software traces origins of genetic disorders 20 times more accurately
In a bioinformatics breakthrough, iMinds -- STADIUS -- KU Leuven researchers have successfully applied advanced artificial intelligence to enable the automated analysis of huge amounts of genetic data.

Kern family gives $100 million to Mayo Clinic, signaling confidence in Mayo to transform health care
Mayo Clinic announced today that benefactors Robert and Patricia Kern have given $100 million to Mayo, with more than $87 million dedicated to the Center for the Science of Health Care Delivery, a strategic initiative that uses quality and engineering principles to improve the way patients experience health care.

The molecular clock of the common buzzard
Be it hibernation or the routes of migratory birds: all animal behavior that is subject to annual rhythms is controlled by a molecular clock.

Data reaffirms test's ability to identify benign thyroid nodules
The latest study co-led by a CU School of Medicine researcher has confirmed that a Gene Expression Classifier test can drastically reduce the problem of unnecessary surgeries in thyroid nodule assessment.

3 new centers to focus on enhanced geriatric social work training
The Hartford/GSA National Center on Gerontological Social Work Excellence has named Hunter College, the University of Southern California, and the University of Washington as the newest locations of Hartford Centers of Excellence in Geriatric Social Work.

A step towards early Alzheimer's diagnosis
If Alzheimer's disease is to be treated in the future it requires an early diagnosis, which is not yet possible.

ACS Publications: Large-scale digitization, open availability of data to ACS Legacy Archives Journal
The Publications Division of the American Chemical Society announced today the completion of a comprehensive undertaking to digitally convert and conserve the Supporting Information for its broadly subscribed ACS Legacy Archives journals collection.

To halt AIDS, stop brief risk counseling, concentrate on testing, national study says
Without evidence of effectiveness, counseling cannot be considered an efficient use of resources, authors concluded in JAMA study published today.

The hitchhiker antigen: Cause for concern?
A new article to be published in the journal Biochemistry and Cell Biology titled:

Stopping transplant drugs before conception benefits fetus
Kidney transplant recipients who discontinue immunosuppressive drugs before conception have a higher rate of live births and a lower rate of birth defects without an increased risk of kidney problems.
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