Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 28, 2013
Early skin-to-skin contact linked to higher breastfeeding rates
Skin-to-skin contact between mother and infant in the delivery room is associated with an increased likelihood for exclusive breastfeeding, according to an abstract presented Oct.

Using genetic algorithms to discover new nanostructured materials
Columbia Engineering researchers have developed a new approach to designing novel nanostructured materials through an inverse design framework using genetic algorithms.

Obese women alter diets in response to additional calories from soft drinks
Obese women voluntarily reduce what they eat in response to additional soft drinks being added to their diets -- a new four week study finds.

Extra-Tropical Storm Lekima weakens in Northern Pacific
Once a typhoon now an extra-tropical cyclone in the far northern Pacific Ocean, Lekima is weakening over cool waters.

UC develops unique nano carrier to target drug delivery to cancer cells
University of Cincinnati researchers have developed a unique nanostructure that can, because of its dual-surface structure, serve as an improved

Breakthrough in study of aluminum should yield new technological advances
Researchers today announced a scientific advance that has eluded researchers for more than 100 years -- a platform to fully study and understand the aqueous chemistry of aluminum, one of the world's most important metals.

Carnegie Mellon and University at Buffalo researchers improving transit for people with disabilities
Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University and the University at Buffalo, State University of New York, are collaborating on a five-year, $4.6 million federally funded project to advance physical access and public transportation for people with disabilities by bringing together computer science technology and the principles of universal design.

How problems with an Alzheimer's protein can jam up traffic in the brain
Scientists have known for some time that a protein called presenilin plays a role in Alzheimer's disease, and a new study reveals one intriguing way this happens.

No running for the well-heeled
If you often find yourself running after a bus, escaping a burning building or taking part in competitive athletics in high-heeled footwear, you may be storing up knee problems for later in life, according to a study published this month in the International Journal of Biomedical Engineering and Technology.

Irukandji threat to southern waters
Researchers from Griffith University's Australian Rivers Institute have conducted a series of climate change simulation experiments to investigate whether the dangerous tropical jellyfish, the Irukandji, is likely to establish breeding populations in the South East.

Quantum reality more complex than previously thought
Physicists from the University of Warsaw and the Gdansk University of Technology have demonstrated that when quantum information is transmitted, nature can be extremely whimsical.

Researchers discover a new protein fold with a transport tunnel
Dr. Michael Schwake from the Faculty of Chemistry at Bielefeld University and colleagues in Kiel, Toronto, and Boston have now discovered that the protein LIMP 2 possesses a novel protein fold together with a nanomicroscopically small transport tunnel.

Eliminating unexplained traffic jams
If integrated into adaptive cruise-control systems, a new algorithm from MIT researchers could mitigate the type of freeway backup that seems to occur for no reason.

Measuring segments of genetic material may help predict and monitor recurrence after thyroid cancer
A new analysis has found that the presence of short segments of genetic material (known as microRNA) within papillary thyroid cancer tumors suggests a likelihood of recurrence after patients undergo surgery.

Discovery could lead to anti-clotting drugs with less risk of bleeding
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago have discovered a molecular switch that causes small, beneficial clots that stop bleeding to enlarge further during wound healing.

Can the 'right' helmet prevent concussions?
While many football helmet and mouth guard manufacturers claim that their equipment will lessen impact forces and reduce concussion risk, neither a specific brand nor a higher cost were associated with fewer concussions in adolescent athletes, according to an abstract presented Monday, Oct.

U of M researchers identify key proteins influencing major immune strategies
New research from the Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota, and the University of Minnesota Center for Immunology has identified key proteins that influence immune response strategies, a finding that could influence new vaccination approaches.

CRF and UCR announce initiation of PROSPECT II clinical trial
The Cardiovascular Research Foundation of New York, NY and the Uppsala Clinical Research Center of Uppsala, Sweden announced today the initiation of the PROSPECT (Providing Regional Observations to Study Predictors of Events in the Coronary Tree) II trial and the PROSPECT ABSORB sub study.

Overlooked lymph nodes in rib cage have prognostic power for mesothelioma patients
For the first time, researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania have shown the predictive power of a group of overlooked lymph nodes that could serve as a better tool to stage and ultimately treat patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma.

The people's choice: Americans would pay to help monarch butterflies
Americans place high value on butterfly royalty. A just-released study suggests they are willing to support monarch butterfly conservation at high levels, up to about $6.5 billion dollars if extrapolated to all US households.

Public wants labels for food nanotech -- and they're willing to pay for it
New research finds that people in the United States want labels on food products that use nanotechnology -- whether the nanotechnology is in the food or is used in food packaging.

Managing media: We need a plan
From TV to smart phones to social media, the lives of U.S. children and families are dominated by 24/7 media exposure.

Many bushfires in New South Wales, Australia
NASA's Terra satellite detected dozens of bushfires continued raging in the Australian state of New South Wales, outside of Sydney.

Dr. Avrum Spira receives award for advancing research on tobacco smoke's effect on lungs
Avrum Spira, M.D., M.Sc., the Alexander Graham Bell professor of medicine and chief of the division of computational biomedicine at Boston University School of Medicine, is the recipient of the Alton Ochsner Award Relating Smoking and Disease.

Researchers turn to technology to discover a novel way of mapping landscapes
Using computer technology to map patterns of land cover reveals types of landscapes and holds applications for numerous fields in research and planning.

Virtually numbed: Immersive video gaming alters real-life experience
Spending time immersed as a virtual character or avatar in a role-playing video game can numb you to realizing important body signals in real life.

Model virus structure shows why there's no cure for common cold
In a pair of landmark studies that exploit the genetic sequencing of the

Researchers quantify toxic ocean conditions during major extinction 93.9 million years ago
A research team led by UC Riverside biogeochemists reports that oxygen-free and hydrogen sulfide-rich waters extended across roughly five percent of the ocean 93.9 million years ago -- far more than the modern ocean's 0.1 percent but much less than previous estimates for this event.

A noble yet simple way to synthesize new metal-free electrocatalysts for oxygen reduction reaction
A UNIST undergrad, Minju Park, and her research team found a new way to synthesize highly efficient electrocatalysts based on heteroatom-doped graphene nanosheets.

Nurturing may protect kids from brain changes linked to poverty
Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine have identified changes in the brains of children growing up in poverty.

New drug to help common bowel disease
An international team led by University of Adelaide researchers has identified the mechanism of pain relief of a new drug for treating Irritable Bowel Syndrome with Constipation, based on nonclinical studies, and quantified its effectiveness in pain relief in human trials.

An eye-opener: NASA sees Hurricane Raymond reborn for a brief time
Tropical Storm Raymond moved away from western Mexico and into warmer waters with less wind shear over the weekend of Oct.

Principles of Proteomics by Richard M. Twyman
Garland Science is proud to announce the publication of the Second Edition of Principles of Proteomics by Richard M.

Study maps human impacts on top ocean predators along US west coast
The California Current System along the U.S. west coast is among the richest ecosystems in the world, driven by nutrient input from coastal upwelling and supporting a great diversity of marine life.

Did brain tumor stem cells originate from malignant neural stem cells?
The potential of neural stem cells to transform into brain tumor stem cells has long been considered, but has not been confirmed.

UCSB researcher documents the enduring contaminant legacy of the California gold rush
An unintended legacy of California's gold rush, which began in 1848, endures today in the form of mercury-laden sediment.

Sports specialization, hours spent in organized sports may predict young athlete injury
Athletes ages eight to 18 who spend twice as many hours per week in organized sports than in free play, and especially in a single sport, are more likely to be injured, according to an abstract presented Monday, Oct.

A new DNA vaccine induces a Th2 immune response in Alzheimer's disease mice
The vaccine elicited a predominantly IgG1 humoral response and low levels of interferon-γ in ex vivo cultured splenocytes, indicating that the vaccine could shift the cellular immune response towards a Th2 phenotype.

Super-thin membranes clear the way for chip-sized pumps
A super-thin silicon membrane developed at the University of Rochester could now make it possible to drastically shrink the power source of lab-on-a-chip devices, paving the way for diagnostic devices the size of a credit card.

Pain processes in tennis elbow illuminated by PET scanning
Physiological processes in soft tissue pain such as chronic tennis elbow can be explored using diagnostic imaging methods.

A large, observational study of common gout treatment allopurinol shows less than half of patients reach recommended treatment goal
AstraZeneca and Ardea Biosciences today presented results from a large study of allopurinol, a treatment commonly used to lower uric acid in patients with gout.

1, 2, buckle my shoe
Hearing number words in natural speech -- not just in counting routines -- is an important part of learning the meaning of numbers.

OU research team finds a common bioindicator resistant to insecticides
In a novel study, a University of Oklahoma researcher and collaborators found a common bioindicator, Hyalella azteca, used to test the toxicity of water or sediment was resistant to insecticides used in agricultural areas of central California.

Study finds high rate of lower back injuries in young athletes
Lower back injuries are the third most common injuries suffered in athletes under age 18.

Chewing their way to success
Rodents appeared in Asia 12 million years ago and spread across the Old World in less than 2 million years.

Association between glioma susceptibility and XRCC1 Arg399Gln polymorphism
The Arg194Trp and Arg280His polymorphisms were found not to be associated with overall glioma risk.

Snakes on the brain: Are primates hard-wired to see snakes?
Was the evolution of high-quality vision in our ancestors driven by the threat of snakes?

Sun continues to emit solar flares
After emitting its first significant solar flares since June 2013 earlier in the week, the sun continued to produce mid-level and significant solar flares on Oct.

Scientists to gain from view inside of fuel cells
Powerful scanners that give scientists a direct line of sight into hydrogen fuel cells are the latest tools Simon Fraser University researchers will use to help Ballard Power Systems Inc create more durable, lower-cost fuel cells.

Untangling Alzheimer's disease
A team of Tel Aviv University researchers have identified a specific set of microRNA molecules that detrimentally regulate protein levels in the brains of mice with Alzheimer's disease.

Your pain, my gain: Feeling pleasure over the misfortune of those you envy is biological
By measuring the electrical activity of cheek muscles and associated neural responses, Princeton University researchers show that people are actually biologically responsive to taking pleasure in the pain of others, a reaction known as

Scientists wary of shale oil and gas as US energy salvation
After 10 years of production, shale gas in the United States cannot be considered commercially viable, according to several scientists presenting at the Geological Society of America meeting in Denver on Monday.

HPV strains affecting African-American women differ from vaccines
Two subtypes of human papillomavirus prevented by vaccines are half as likely to be found in African-American women as in white women with precancerous cervical lesions, according to researchers at Duke Medicine.

Nanomaterials database improved to help consumers, scientists track products
Nanotechnologies are growing in commercial use after more than 20 years of research.

Smokers worldwide more likely to think about kicking their habit on Mondays
Researchers from San Diego State University, the Santa Fe Institute, The Monday Campaigns and the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health monitored global Google search query logs from 2008 to 2012 for searches related to quitting, such as

Concordia professor wins Prix du Quebec
The Government of Quebec has announced that Marguerite Mendell -- economist, professor and interim principal of Concordia's School of Community and Public Affairs -- will receive the Prix du Quebec for her three decades of scholarship and engagement in the field of social economy.

Child brides at funerals
Having children early and in rapid succession are major factors fueling high infant mortality rates in the South Asian countries of Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Pakistan where one in 14 births to young mothers ends with the death of the child within the first year, say researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine.

New technology optimizes ear infection diagnosis and management
A new, smartphone-enabled otoscope provides clear, transmittable images of the ear drum, or tympanic membrane, which someday may allow for ear infection diagnosis without a visit to the doctor's office, according to an abstract presented Monday, Oct.

UT Dallas study shows experts' attitudes influence what children believe
Children are more apt to believe a nice, non-expert than a mean expert according to researchers at the University of Texas at Dallas.

Young fibromyalgia patients report worse symptoms than older patients, Mayo Clinic study shows
It may seem counterintuitive, but young and middle-aged fibromyalgia patients report worse symptoms and poorer quality of life than older patients, a Mayo Clinic study shows.

Common bias known as the 'endowment effect' not present in hunter-gatherer societies
Psychology and behavioral economics have experimentally identified a laundry list of common biases that cause people to act against their own apparent interests.

Aggressive treatment of psoriatic arthritis results in 'significant' improvement, says new research
People with a type of arthritis affecting the skin and joints respond significantly better to early, aggressive drug treatment compared to standard care, according to preliminary results presented by a University of Leeds lecturer to a major US conference.

Poverty in early childhood appears associated with brain development
Poverty in early childhood appears to be associated with smaller brain volumes measured through imaging at school age and early adolescence, according to a study published by JAMA Pediatrics, a JAMA Network publication.

Excess omega-3 fatty acids could lead to negative health effects
A new review suggests that omega-3 fatty acids taken in excess could have unintended health consequences in certain situations, and that dietary standards based on the best available evidence need to be established.

Heart disease risk appears associated with breast cancer radiation
Among patients with early stages of breast cancer, those whose hearts were more directly irradiated with radiation treatments on the left side in a facing-up position had higher risk of heart disease, according to research letter by David J.

Keeping emotions in check may not always benefit psychological health
Being able to regulate your emotions is important for well-being, but new research published in Psychological Science suggests that a common emotion regulation strategy called

Can pediatricians successfully promote safe driving agreements between teens and parents?
Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death among teens.

Climate change has silver lining for grizzlies
Global warming and forest disturbances may have a silver lining for threatened species of grizzly bears in Alberta, Canada.

Clemson, Dartmouth use $1.5M grant to develop mobile health technology
With a $1.5 million grant from the National Science Foundation's Computer Systems Research program, researchers from Clemson University and Dartmouth College launched the Amulet project to develop computational jewelry to support mobile-health applications.

Traces of DNA exposed by twisted light
Structures that put a spin on light reveal tiny amounts of DNA with 50 times better sensitivity than the best current methods, a collaboration between the University of Michigan and Jiangnan University in China has shown.

Melting Arctic sea ice could increase summer rainfall in northwest Europe suggests new study
A new study offers an explanation for the extraordinary run of wet summers experienced by Britain and northwest Europe between 2007 and 2012.

Social science graduates more likely to be in work than science or arts graduates, report says
Social science graduates are more likely to be in employment after their first degree than graduates in other areas such as science and the arts, and a higher proportion are in managerial and senior official roles, a new report says.

Gold mining ravages Peru
For the first time, researchers have been able to map the true extent of gold mining in the biologically diverse region of Madre De Dios in the Peruvian Amazon.

Tell-tale toes point to oldest-known fossil bird tracks from Australia
Two fossilized footprints found at Dinosaur Cove in Victoria, Australia, were likely made by birds during the Early Cretaceous, making them the oldest known bird tracks in Australia.

Regular cocaine and cannabis use may trigger addictive behaviors
New cocaine and cannabis research reveals that regular cannabis users have increased levels of impulsive behavior.

Fraunhofer and Continental come together when the dandelion rubber meets the road
Rubber can be extracted from the juice of the dandelion.

Making complex nanoparticles easily reproducible
A pair of Case Western Reserve University researchers have received a $424,000 grant from the National Science Foundation's Division of Civil, Mechanical and Manufacturing Innovation, to streamline manufacturing and assembly for two-sided nanoparticles.

Crying wolf: Who benefits and when?
A crisis at work can bring out the best in colleagues, often inspiring more cooperation and self-sacrifice.

Study examines expedited FDA drug approvals, safety questions remain
Fewer patients were studied as part of expedited reviews of new drugs approved by the U.S.

Lowering blood pressure prevents cardiovascular events in people with kidney disease
Lowering blood pressure is a highly effective and affordable way to prevent cardiovascular events like heart attack and stroke among people with chronic kidney disease, according to a new study published in the latest issue of the British Medical Journal.

The Chemistry of Fear: A new video from the American Chemical Society
With Halloween just a few days away, millions are flocking to horror films and haunted houses for their annual dose of terror.

DIY and gardening can cut heart attack/stroke risk by 30 percent and prolong life in 60+ age group
A spot of DIY or gardening can cut the risk of a heart attack/stroke and prolong life by as much as 30 per cent among the 60+ age group, indicates research published online in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.

Headaches in lupus patients not linked to disease activity study says
Headache is common among patients with system lupus erythematosus according to new research published in Arthritis & Rheumatism, a journal of the American College of Rheumatology.

Bumps in the road to developing long-lasting, single-injection nerve blocks
Can a new liposomal bupivacaine product provide long-lasting nerve block with a single injection?

Pregnant women with hepatitis C may pass heartier viral strain to newborns, study suggests
Infants who get hepatitis C from their mothers during childbirth may inherit a viral strain that replicates more quickly than strains found in non-pregnant hosts, according to a new study published Oct.

Researchers measure flow from a nanoscale fluid jet
Northwestern University researcher Sandip Ghosal and a team of collaborators from the UK and Spain have measured the flow from a fluid jet so tiny that it would require more than 8,000 years to fill a two-liter soda bottle.

VIP treatment for jet lag
A small molecule called VIP, known to synchronize time-keeping neurons in the brain's biological clock, has the startling effect of desynchronizing them at higher dosages, says a research team at Washington University in St.

NASA catches glimpse of the brief life of Southern Indian Ocean's first tropical cyclone
The first tropical cyclone of the Southern Indian Ocean season lasted about one day.

New book addresses consequences of drought in arid regions
A new book titled

The China National Genebank accelerates growth by a strategic alliance with BioStorage Technologies
The China National Genebank has announced the development of a strategic alliance agreement with BioStorage Technologies, Inc. to provide biorepository expertise, technology, and industry-leading processes to support the development of one of the world's largest genomic biobanks.

Joint IOF-ISCD meeting in Orlando to draw international delegates
IOF-ISCD Skeletal Health Orlando 2014: Current Concepts in Osteoporosis Assessment and Management is to be held from Feb.

New imaging research shows increased iron in the brain in earliest stages of MS
While it's been known for over a century that iron deposits in the brain play a role in the pathology of Multiple Sclerosis, imaging research from Western University helps to answer the question of whether these accumulations are a cause or consequence of the disease.

New STELARA data show inhibition of joint destruction in active psoriatic arthritis
New findings from two integrated Phase 3 Janssen Research & Development, LLC-sponsored studies showed treatment with STELARA (ustekinumab) resulted in significantly greater inhibition of structural damage in patients with active psoriatic arthritis compared with placebo.

Data shows VisionGate's 3D imaging platform accurately detects lung cancer in sputum
At IASLC 2013, VisionGate reports clinical data showing its automated 3D cell imaging platform non-invasively detects lung cancer from sputum with high sensitivity and specificity, achieving greater accuracy than other lung cancer screening tests.

Study challenges soil testing for potassium and the fertilizer value of potassium chloride
Three University of Illinois soil scientists have serious concerns with the current approach to potassium management that has been in place for the past five decades because their research has revealed that soil K testing is of no value for predicting soil K availability and that KCl fertilization seldom pays.

The cyber-centipede: From Linnaeus to big data
The rates of extinction have lent urgency to the description of new species, but what is the point of names without meaningful data?

Urban underground holds sustainable energy
Vast energy sources are slumbering below big cities. Sustaina-ble energies for heating in winter and cooling in summer may be extracted from heated groundwater aquifers.

Older heart patients need personalized preventive care
Health-care providers should personalize preventive care for cardiovascular disease patients age 75 and older.

Poor motor performance linked to poor academic skills in the first school years
Children with poor motor performance at the school entry were found to have poorer reading and arithmetic skills than their better performing peers during the first three years of school.

GVSU study on gender: Who counts as a man and who counts as a woman
Gender is no longer determined solely by biological factors, according to a new study by Grand Valley State University researcher Laurel Westbrook.

The cyber-centipede: From Linnaeus to big data
While acknowledging the necessity of fast descriptions, the authors of the new study present the other

New study examines link between pregnancy weight gain, autism spectrum disorders
Previous studies have identified links between women's prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) and pregnancy weight gain to an increased risk for the development of autism spectrum disorders in children.

Moderate exercise not only treats, but prevents depression
Physical activity is being increasingly recognized as an effective tool to treat depression.

Local communities produce high-quality forest monitoring data, rivals that of professional foresters
As global forest and climate experts gather at the Oslo REDD Exchange 2013 to ramp up international efforts to protect carbon-storing forests in the developing world, a recent study by researchers at the Nairobi-based World Agroforestry Centre and European and Southeast Asian institutions finds that local communities--using simple tools like ropes and sticks--can produce forest carbon data on par with results by professional foresters using high-tech devices.

Minimally invasive surgery for paraesophageal hernia is 'revolutionary' -- but experts still differ on
Minimally invasive surgical techniques have revolutionized the treatment paraesophageal hernia -- but there's continued controversy over some key technical aspects of the procedure.

Study to assess impact of health reform in India
A University of Chicago professor in law and medicine is helping the nation of India assess the results of a massive health reform program targeting its poorest populations, as the government considers whether to extend the five-year-old effort.



Study of Brazilian Amazon shows 50,000 km of road was built in just 3 years
Nearly 17,000 kilometers of road were built in the Brazilian Amazon rainforest every year between 2004 and 2007.

South Asians in Peel have lower cancer screening rates; increased risk of preventable disease
South Asian-Canadians living in Peel Region may be 15 percent less likely than other Ontarians to be screened for breast, cervical or colorectal cancer, making them much more vulnerable to cancer deaths.

Protecting children from firearm violence
Firearm-related injuries in children and adolescents are an important cause of preventable injury and mortality.

Breaking news: GSA session to address flooding in Colorado's front range region
In response to devastation caused by unprecedented heavy rains between 9 and 13 Sept.

How fat could help solve part of the diabetes problem
The pancreas is a large organ that wraps around our gut, and produces the exact amount of insulin our bodies need when we eat -- except when we start to develop diabetes, and insulin production slows down.

New technology shows promise in taking the guesswork out of vaccine development
Scientists from the Center for Innovations in Medicine in the Biodesign Institute at Arizona State University have developed a comprehensive, microchip-based technology, called immunosignature diagnosis, which can rapidly and comprehensively measure an individual's vaccine response, promising to take much of the initial guesswork out of predicting effective vaccines.

Neutrons, electrons and theory reveal secrets of natural gas reserves
Gas and oil deposits in shale have no place to hide from an Oak Ridge National Laboratory technique that provides an inside look at pores and reveals structural information potentially vital to the nation's energy needs.

Resurgence in swaddling prompts fears of rise in babies' developmental hip abnormalities
A resurgence in the popularity of traditional swaddling has prompted fears of a rise in developmental hip problems in babies, which are now known to be linked to the technique, warns a paediatric orthopaedic surgeon in the Archives of Disease in Childhood.

First ever study of 'moral distress' among nurses in burn unit
Loyola University Medical Center researchers have published the first ever study of emotional and psychological anguish, known as

Moving children and families beyond trauma
Pediatricians can play an important role in helping children and communities recover following episodes of school and community violence and disaster, while working to prevent and prepare for future tragedies, said David J.

DOE rooftop challenge winners offer energy, cost savings
Putting new super-efficient rooftop HVAC units in broad use would be about equal to taking 700,000 cars off the road each year in terms of saved energy and reduced pollution, according to a new PNNL study.

Fewer patients with brain injury being declared 'brain dead'
Fewer patients with brain injury are being declared

Researchers discover how cancer 'invisibility cloak' works
Researchers at National Jewish Health have discovered how a lipid secreted by cancer tumors prevents the immune system from mounting an immune response against it.

El Niño is becoming more active
A new approach to analyzing geological and biological clues from the past to reconstruct El Niño activity during the past 600 years resolves disagreements and reveals that El Niño has become more active in recent decades.

'Designer' sedative may provide new alternative for colonoscopy
Developed using molecular-level techniques, the

Researchers detail possible resistance mechanisms of colorectal cancer to bevacizumab (Avastin)
A University of Colorado Cancer Center study published in the journal PLoS One shows that when colorectal cancer is targeted by the drug bevacizumab (Avastin), tumors may switch dependence from VEGF-A, which is targeted by the drug, to related growth factors in including VEGF-C, VEGF-D and placental growth factor.

Historic demonstration proves laser communication possible
In the early morning hours of Oct. 18, NASA's Lunar Laser Communication Demonstration (LLCD) made history, transmitting data from lunar orbit to Earth at a rate of 622 Megabits-per-second (Mbps).
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