Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 30, 2013
Treena Livingston Arinzeh receives Innovators Award from NJ Inventors Hall of Fame
Treena Livingston Arinzeh, Ph.D., of West Orange, a professor of biomedical engineering at New Jersey Institute of Technology, received an Innovators Award from the New Jersey Inventors Hall of Fame in recognition of her research and inventions utilizing biomaterials and regenerative medicines for orthopedic and neural disorders.

Experts from NYU Langone present new research at American College of Rheumatology 2013 Annual Meeting
Experts from NYU Langone's Department of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology presented new research and participated in expert panel discussions at the American College of Rheumatology 2013 Annual Meeting in San Diego, CA, Oct.

Monoclonal antibodies show promise as effective HIV therapy
A research team led by investigators at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center has demonstrated that a group of recently discovered antibodies may be a highly effective therapy for the treatment of HIV.

Moral in the morning, but dishonest in the afternoon
Our ability to exhibit self-control to avoid cheating or lying is significantly reduced over the course of a day, making us more likely to be dishonest in the afternoon than in the morning, according to findings published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

Rise of medical tourism shows impact on cosmetic surgery market
Would you consider traveling to Mexico or India for a less-expensive rhinoplasty or breast augmentation procedure?

Alarming increasing incidence of myopia
New research on myopia -- how it develops, risk and protective factors, and potentially effective measures for prevention and treatment are reported across twenty articles in the Nov. issue of Optometry and Vision Science, official journal of the American Academy of Optometry.

What makes creativity tick?
A team of researchers led by a Michigan State University neuroscientist has created a quick but reliable test that can measure a person's creativity from single spoken words.

S14G-humanin is a new hope for Alzheimer's disease
Humanin is a potential therapeutic agent for Alzheimer's disease, and its derivative, S14G-humanin, is 1,000-fold stronger in its neuroprotective effect against Alzheimer's disease-relevant insults.

The world's most powerful terahertz quantum cascade laser
Terahertz radiation has many applications -- but high intensity terahertz radiation sources are hard to build.

Kessler Foundation MS study correlates fMR with negative effect of warmer weather on cognitive status
Kessler Foundation scientists correlated fMRI findings with the negative impact of outdoor temperature on cognitive functioning in multiple sclerosis.

Novel technique for suturing tissue-engineered collagen graft improves tendon repair
The repair of ruptured tendons often requires the use of a graft to bridge gaps between the torn tendon and bone.

Space dogs and quantum fields: Winners of AIP's 2013 Science Communication Awards announced
AIP has named a journalist and a children's book author as winners of the 2013 AIP Science Communications Awards for their works on the discovery of the Higgs boson and a dog's imaginary trip to the moon.

New study compares provisional and two-stent strategies for coronary bifurcation lesions
A new clinical trial shows that a two-stent technique for treatment of bifurcation lesions with a large stenotic side branch was not associated with significant improved outcomes compared to a provisional stenting approach.

Children with diplegic and hemiplegic cerebral palsy: Who can be paid more attention by rehabilitation physicians?
Improving standing balance in children with cerebral palsy is crucial to improve cognitive and motor functions.

Testosterone production study challenges 25-year-old scientific dogma
New research refutes the scientific community's long-held belief that the body needs a specific protein to produce steroid hormones like testosterone, according to a recent study accepted for publication in the Endocrine Society's journal Endocrinology.

NJIT researcher Roberto Rojas-Cessa receives Innovators Award from NJ Inventors Hall of Fame
Roberto Rojas-Cessa, Ph.D., of Brooklyn, N.Y., an associate professor in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at New Jersey Institute of Technology, received an Innovators Award from the New Jersey Inventors Hall of Fame.

Future Internet aims to sever links with servers
A prototype new IP layer for the internet has been designed.

The secret math of plants: UCLA biologists uncover rules that govern leaf design
UCLA biologists have discovered fundamental rules for leaf design that underlie the ability of plants to make leaves that vary enormously in size.

Paper guides physicians' disclosure of colleagues' errors
A position paper published in the NEJM gives guidance to clinicians about broaching potential medical mistakes made by co-workers.

Brain regions can be specifically trained
Video gaming causes increases in the brain regions responsible for spatial orientation, memory formation and strategic planning as well as fine motor skills.

Low vitamin D levels during pregnancy associated with preterm birth in non-white mothers
African-American and Puerto Rican women who have low levels of vitamin D during pregnancy are more likely to go into labor early and give birth to preterm babies, research led by the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health reveals.

Better use of lighting in hospital rooms may improve patients' health
A new study suggests that changing the lighting patterns in hospital rooms so that they're more aligned with normal sleep-wake cycles could help patients feel better with less fatigue and pain.

Procedural results from the RIBS V trial presented at TCT 2013
A clinical trial comparing the use of drug-eluting stents and drug-eluting balloons in treating in-stent restenosis from bare metal stents found that both techniques yielded positive long term outcomes.

First aid teams set to improve heart attack survival with pocket manual
First aid teams are set to improve the survival of heart attack patients with the first pocket-sized manual on acute cardiac conditions.

New multiple action intestinal hormone corrects diabetes
Scientists from the Helmholtz Zentrum Muenchen and the Technische Universitaet Muenchen, together with scientists in the USA, have developed a new therapeutic approach for treatment of Type 2 diabetes.

Persons with Alzheimer's are more likely to suffer from heart disease -- yet offered less treatment options than others
Persons with Alzheimer's disease suffer from ischemic heart diseases more frequently than others, yet they undergo related procedures and surgery less frequently than persons with no diagnosed AD, according to a nationwide register-based study carried out at the University of Eastern Finland.

Results of the SMART-CASE trial presented at TCT 2013
A new study shows that a conservative approach to revascularization for patients with intermediate coronary lesions determined by angiographic diameter stenosis is safe and non-inferior to an aggressive approach.

RNA build-up linked to dementia and motor neuron disease
A new toxic entity associated with genetically inherited forms of dementia and motor neuron disease has been identified by scientists at the UCL Institute of Neurology.

2 grants to UC Riverside boost scientists' efforts in developing improved cowpea varieties
Scientists at the University of California, Riverside received substantial funding -- nearly $7 million -- by way of two grants from the US Agency for International Development to continue their work on developing better yielding varieties of cowpea through new genomic resources and marker-assisted breeding -- research by which UC Riverside directly impacts cowpea production in several countries in Africa.

Study finds pre-hospital administration of bivalirudin substantially improves outcomes compared to heparin in heart attack patients
According to a new study, administering the blood thinner bivalirudin to patients experiencing an ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI, the most serious form of a heart attack) in a pre-hospital setting can reduce the risk of death and major bleeding complications compared to heparin with optional use of glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors.

Brain connectivity can predict epilepsy surgery outcomes
A discovery from Case Western Reserve and Cleveland Clinic researchers could provide epilepsy patients invaluable advance guidance about their chances to improve symptoms through surgery.

Testing technique could lengthen lifespan of dialysis patients
A new testing method can better detect potentially fatal hormone imbalances in patients with end-stage kidney disease, according to a recent study accepted for publication in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

First results from LUX dark matter detector rule out some candidates
Results from the first run of the Large Underground Xenon (LUX) experiment operating a mile underground in the Black Hills of South Dakota, have proven the detector's sensitivity and ruled out some possible candidates for a dark matter particle.

Public insurance fills the health coverage gap, new UCLA analysis shows
In the years leading up to implementation of the Affordable Care Act, the percentage of Californians who received their health insurance through public programs continued to rise, likely in direct response to the loss of job-based coverage in the state, according to a new analysis by the UCLA Center for Health Policy Research.

A mimic of 'good cholesterol' could someday treat cardiovascular and other diseases
A new type of

Warm winters let trees sleep longer
In the temperate zones, vegetation follows the change of the seasons.

Loyola cardiologist is co-editor of text on minimally invasive procedures for vascular diseases
Loyola University Medical Center interventional cardiologist Robert Dieter, M.D., is co-editor of a new authoritative textbook on minimally invasive endovascular techniques to treat vascular disease.

Go ahead, dunk your cell phone in salt water
New barrier films, presented at the AVS Meeting in Long Beach, Calif., could better protect electronics in harsh environments.

Watching Earth's winds, on a shoestring
Built with spare parts and without a moment to spare, the International Space Station (ISS)-RapidScat isn't your average NASA Earth science mission.

New SARS-like coronavirus discovered in Chinese horseshoe bats
EcoHealth Alliance, a nonprofit organization that focuses on local conservation and global health issues, announced the discovery of a new SARS-like coronavirus (CoV) in Chinese horseshoe bats.

Low thyroid levels may signal heightened risk of death in hospitalized patients
Older individuals hospitalized with a serious condition may face a slimmer risk of surviving if their thyroid hormone levels are low, according to a recent study accepted for publication in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

Historic blaze fueled a boom in tire recycling, advances in fire monitoring
An historic tire fire 30 years ago that blazed on for nine months in the northwest Virginia Appalachians, releasing giant plumes of toxic smoke, sparked a recycling revolution and advances in fire-monitoring methods.

Taking a cue from nature
Jeff Rymer, an assistant professor of chemical and biomolecular engineering at the University of Houston, is working to control how zeolites grow in order to make them more efficient catalysts for commercial reactions.

All the better to see you with: Snakes alter blood flow dynamics to aid vision
Much like a pair of closed eyelids a snake's eye is covered layer of skin riddled with tiny blood vessels.

Is medical education in a bubble market?
The currently high costs of medical education -- which at some schools rise above $60,000 per year -- are sustainable only if physician salaries remain high, which the authors, led by a physician from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, say is less likely because of efforts to reduce health care costs.

6-month data of the LEVANT 2 trial presented at TCT 2013
The first clinical trial in the United States to study the use of drug coated balloons for femoropopliteal artery disease found the procedure is promising for safety and efficacy at six months.

Bats confirmed as SARS origin
A team of international scientists has isolated a very close relative of the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) from horseshoe bats in China, confirming them as the origin of the virus responsible for the 2002-2003 pandemic.

Propofol's effect on the sciatic nerve: Harmful or protective?
A recent study published in the Neural Regeneration Research showed that after propofol was injected into the injured sciatic nerve of mice, nuclear factor kappa B expression in the L4-6 segments of the spinal cord in the injured side was reduced, apoptosis was decreased, nerve myelin defects were alleviated, and the nerve conduction block was lessened.

We could all benefit from labor migration
After the financial crisis, many Western countries put severe restrictions on temporary migration and granted labor migrants fewer rights than other citizens.

Notre Dame research finding may help accelerate diabetic wound healing
University of Notre Dame researchers have, for the first time, identified the enzymes that are detrimental to diabetic wound healing and those that are beneficial to repair the wound.

Creating smaller, and more powerful, integrated circuits
Researchers with the University of Houston Cullen College of Engineering are developing technology to knock single atoms off a silicon wafer without disturbing atoms of other materials nearby.

Study: 2 peptides better than 1 in targeting diabetes, obesity
Researchers at Indiana University and international collaborators have published results showing that a molecule combining the properties of two endocrine hormones is an effective treatment for adult-onset diabetes.

Recycling valuable materials used in TVs, car batteries, cell phones
Many of today's technologies, from hybrid car batteries to flat-screen televisions, rely on materials known as rare earth elements (REEs) that are in short supply, but scientists are reporting development of a new method to recycle them from wastewater.

New substance effectively combats multi-resistant bacteria
In Europe alone, more than 25,000 people die each year from infections caused by multi-resistant bacteria.

Racing sperm to boost results of in vitro fertilization
With a three-year, $293,000 award from the National Science Foundation, a research team led by Erkan Tüzel, assistant professor of physics at Worcester Polytechnic Institute, will use computer simulations to optimize the design of a microfluidic sperm-sorting chip developed at Brigham and Women's Hospital that races sperm through a microscopic obstacle course to select those most likely to successfully fertilize an egg -- a technique that may significantly improve the success of in vitro fertilization.

A sauropod walks into a bar. 'Why the long neck?'
A new PLOS Collection featuring research on the complex evolutionary cascade theory that made the unique gigantism of sauropod dinosaurs possible launched on Oct.

Study: Models to predict scientists' future impact often fail
Models universities partially use to forecast scientists' future contributions are not as reliable as previously thought.

New look at old test may provide earlier detection of meningitis, MU researchers find
Researchers from the University of Missouri School of Medicine have found a more accurate method to screen for bacterial meningococcal infection in its early stages, when it's hardest to detect.

Study: Staggering turbines improves performance 33 percent
Researchers at the University of Delaware found staggering and spacing out turbines in an offshore wind farm can improve performance by as much as 33 percent.

BUSM researchers study epigenetic mechanisms of tumor metastasis for improved cancer therapy
A review article by researchers at Boston University School of Medicine suggests that epigenetics may be a useful target to stop the growth, spread and relapse of cancer.

Switzerland signs the ELIXIR consortium agreement and contributes €35 million
Switzerland's State Secretary for Education, Research and Innovation, Dr. Mauro Dell'Ambrogio, has signed the ELIXIR consortium agreement for the establishment of ELIXIR, the European Life Science Infrastructure for Biological Information.

Nerve stimulation in neck may reduce heart failure symptoms
A multidisciplinary team of experts in heart failure, cardiac arrhythmia, and neurosurgery at The Mount Sinai Hospital are now testing nerve stimulation in the neck as a novel therapy for heart failure patients to potentially help relieve their debilitating symptoms.

Statistician Professor Terry Speed wins 2013 PM's Prize for Science
Statistician Professor Terry Speed from Melbourne's Walter and Eliza Hall Institute has been awarded the 2013 Prime Minister's Prize for Science for his influential work using mathematics and statistics to help biologists understand human health and disease.

Risk of osteoporosis drug's side effects not significant, Loyola researchers find
The risks of developing kidney failure and a calcium deficiency from the popular osteoporosis drug zoledronic acid are extremely rare, according to researchers at Loyola University Health System.

Stanford researchers show how universe's violent youth seeded cosmos with iron
By detecting an even distribution of iron throughout a massive galaxy cluster, astrophysicists can tell the 10-billion-year-old story of how exploding stars and black holes sowed the early cosmos with heavy elements.

NASA sees Tropical Storm Krosa approach the Philippines
NASA's Terra and Aqua satellites captured visible and infrared data on intensifying Tropical Storm Krosa as it heads for a landfall in the northern Philippines.

UNC neuroscientists discover new 'mini-neural computer' in the brain
Dendrites, the branch-like projections of neurons, were once thought to be passive wiring in the brain.

NASA eyes a 'decoupled' Tropical Depression Raymond
Tropical Storm Raymond weakened to a depression early on Oct.

Understanding the difference between 'human smart' and 'computer smart'
A common assumption in the cognitive sciences is that thinking consists of following sets of rules (as it does in a computer).

Divorced people more likely to die from preventable accidents
Divorced people are more likely to die from preventable accidents than married counterparts, according to a new study from sociologists at Rice University and the University of Pennsylvania.

Good cop, bad cop... Morocco's make-believe cops
Facing rising demands for human rights and the rule of law, the Moroccan state fostered new mass media and cultivated more positive images of the police, once the symbol of state repression, reinventing the relationship between citizen and state for a new era.

'Molecular Velcro' may lead to cost-effective alternatives to natural antibodies
Taking inspiration from the human immune system, researchers at Berkeley Lab have created a new material that can be programmed to identify an endless variety of molecules.

HDL cholesterol controls blood glucose
High density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL), the so-called

Qigong can help fight fatigue in prostate cancer survivors
Flowing movements and meditative exercises of the mind-body activity Qigong may help survivors of prostate cancer to combat fatigue.

Gimball: A crash-happy flying robot
Gimball bumps into and ricochets off of obstacles, rather than avoiding them.

Extensive study on concussions in youth sports finds 'culture of resistance' for self-reporting injury
Young athletes in the US face a

Improving light and heat spectra measurements
The Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB) in Germany has developed a mathematical procedure to measure the spectrum of light or heat sources.

Listening to music before you're even born may boost your auditory system
Playing music while you're pregnant may influence your child's auditory system.

NIH awards $1.7 million to neuroscientist for visual perception research
University of California, Riverside neuroscientist Aaron Seitz has been awarded a five-year, $1.7 million grant by the National Institutes of Health to continue groundbreaking research that may lead to new therapies for individuals with amblyopia (lazy eye), dry macular degeneration and cataracts.

Gladstone scientists identify molecular signals that rouse dormant HIV infection
Perhaps the single greatest barrier to curbing the spread of HIV/AIDS is the dormant, or

Weight loss not always beneficial for romantic relationships
Losing weight is generally beneficial for human health, but when one partner in a romantic relationship loses weight, it doesn't always have a positive effect on the relationship.

New study analyzes barriers to cancer research commercialization
A new study led by the University of Kentucky Markey Cancer Center Assistant Director for Research Nathan Vanderford cites a combination of factors that prevent academic-based cancer research faculty from ultimately commercializing their work.

Rare earths in bacteria
Rare earths are among the most precious raw materials of all.

Google street view -- tool for recording earthquake damage
A scientist from Cologne University has used Google's online street view scans to document the damage caused by the 2009 L'Aquila earthquake and suggests that the database would be a useful tool for surveying damage caused by future earthquakes.

Warming will disturb balance of soil nutrients in drylands
An increase in aridity due to global warming will disturb the balance of nutrients in the soil and reduce productivity of the world's drylands, which support millions of people, a landmark study in Nature predicts.

How the Internet affects young people at risk of self-harm or suicide
Oxford researchers have found internet forums provide a support network for socially isolated young people.

Winners of the 2013 Semantic Web Challenge announced at the International Semantic Web Conference
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, congratulates the winners of the 2013 Semantic Web Challenge.

Baby brains are tuned to the specific actions of others
Infant brains are surprisingly sensitive to other people's movements.

Researchers discover that an exoplanet is Earth-like in mass and size
While too hot to support life, Kepler 78b is roughly the size of the Earth.

Bloomberg's health legacy: Urban innovator or meddling nanny?
As New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg prepares to leave office, a commentary by a leading bioethicist analyzes his controversial public health policies and concludes that he is an urban innovator who created a new paradigm of public health,

Improving earthquake early warning systems for California and Taiwan
Earthquake early warning systems may provide the public with crucial seconds to prepare for severe shaking.

Seeing in the dark
With the help of computerized eye trackers, a new cognitive science study finds that at least 50 percent of people can see the movement of their own hand even in the absence of all light.

Listen up: Oysters may use sound to select a home
Oysters begin their lives as tiny drifters, but when they mature they settle on reefs.

Medical students taught meditation techniques to prevent burnout and improve care
Doctors commonly tell patients that stress can be harmful to their health.

New experiments reveal the types of bacteria involved in human decomposition
The type of bacteria involved in human decomposition can change over time.

Too much texting can disconnect couples
Couples shouldn't let their thumbs do the talking when it comes to serious conversations, disagreements or apologies.

Watching R-rated movies lessens importance of faith for young people, Baylor University study finds
Viewing R-rated movies leads to decreased church attendance and lessens importance of faith among young people, according to a study by a Baylor University researcher published online in the Review of Religious Research.

New dark matter detector sends first data from gold mine 1.5km underground
Scientists testing the Large Underground Xenon (LUX) experiment have reported promising scientific and technological results today.

A new treatment for heart attack will soon be available for emergency teams and the emergency ambulance
A new strategy for emergency anticoagulant treatment for patients with acute myocardial infarction has been put in place by a team led by Philippe-Gabriel Steg at Inserm Unit 698 (Haemostasis, Bioengineering, Immunopathology and Cardiovascular Remodelling), at Hôpital Bichat, AP-HP, Université Paris Diderot.

International Communication Association to hold regional conference in Shanghai, China
The International Communication Association (ICA) will hold its first China regional conference Nov.

Atherosclerosis in HIV patients linked to infection, not treatment
HIV infection, not antiretroviral therapy (ART), is associated with risk for atherosclerosis in patients with no history of smoking, particularly those infected for eight years or more.

NASA advances world's first spaceborne sodium lidar
Sodium -- the sixth most abundant element in Earth's crust -- is useful as a tracer for characterizing Earth's mesosphere, a poorly understood region of Earth's atmosphere that's sensitive to both the influences from the sun above and the atmospheric layers below.

Type 2 diabetes: New associations identified between genes and metabolic markers
In two comprehensive studies, scientists from Helmholtz Zentrum Muenchen, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet Muenchen and Technische Universitaet Muenchen discovered new associations of two major Type 2 diabetes risk genotypes and altered plasma concentrations of metabolic products.

Babies can learn their first lullabies in the womb
An infant can recognize a lullaby heard in the womb for several months after birth, potentially supporting later speech development.

Scientists call for action to tackle 'alarmingly' low survival of Kenyan women with cervical cancer
Less than 7 percent of cervical cancer patients in Kenya are getting the optimum treatment needed to eradicate the disease, leading to unnecessary deaths -- a study by The University of Manchester scientists reveals.

Unlocking the secret of global health victories
The Global Health Innovative Technology Fund (GHIT Fund), along with the New York Academy of Sciences and Japan Society, will host a panel discussion -- comprised of preeminent global health experts -- to examine recent successes and setbacks in global health and what they see as the secret ingredient to moving a vaccine, cure or diagnostic across the finish line and into the field.

Baking blueberries changes their polyphenol content -- and possibly their health benefits
Blueberries are called a

Mainz University receives approval for an Alexander von Humboldt Professorship in Physics
In response to an application submitted by Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU), theoretical physicist Professor Jairo Sinova from Texas A&M University in College Station, Texas, USA has been selected for an Alexander von Humboldt Professorship, one of the most eminent and highest endowed research posts in Germany.

Sun emits fourth X-class flare in a week
The sun emitted a significant solar flare -- its fourth X-class flare since Oct.

Autism and language impairment genetically linked
Scientists at Rutgers University and the Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital in Ohio, have discovered a genetic link connecting family members with autism to others in the family who only have specific language impairment characterized by speech and language difficulties that can't be explained by cognitive or physical problems.

Pore formation in cell membranes linked to triggers of rheumatoid arthritis
Experiments by scientists at Johns Hopkins and in Boston have unraveled two biological mechanisms as the major cause of protein citrullination in rheumatoid arthritis.

IQWiG: First health economic evaluation completed
The report on a health economic evaluation of antidepressants has provided very helpful results.

Breakthrough research produces brighter, more efficiently produced lighting
By determining simple guidelines, researchers at UC Santa Barbara's Solid State Lighting & Energy Center have made it possible to optimize phosphors -- a key component in white LED lighting -- allowing for brighter, more efficient lights.

Silent victims -- an epidemic of childhood exposure
Over 15 million children are exposed to intimate partner violence (IPV) each year, and the health consequences of this exposure are well-documented.

Animal personalities are more like humans than first thought, according to Deakin University study
A Deakin University study has found for the first time that, just like humans, unpredictability is also a consistent behavioral trait in the animal world.

Scientists announce first results from LUX dark matter detector
In its first three months of operation, the Large Underground Xenon (LUX) experiment has proven itself to be the most sensitive dark matter detector in the world, scientists with the experiment have announced.

More power to you: Marines boost energy, lighten load
In an effort to move toward increased energy independence in the field, Marines used a wearable solar-powered system to extend the battery life of crucial electronic devices during a recent field exercise, officials announced Oct.

Mystery planet baffles astronomers
Kepler-78b is a planet that shouldn't exist. This scorching lava world circles its star every eight and a half hours at a distance of less than one million miles - one of the tightest known orbits.

Scientists digitally reconstruct giant steps taken by dinosaurs for the first time
The Manchester team, working with scientists in Argentina, were able to laser scan a 40 meter-long skeleton of the vast Cretaceous Agentinosaurus dinosaur.

Research points to potential window for treating CMV and preventing mother-to-child transmission
Using next generation sequencing and population genetic modeling, scientists at the University of Massachusetts Medical School and the Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne have found that CMV evolves rapidly and dramatically in humans.

Hippocampal and thalamic neuronal metabolism in a putative rat model of schizophrenia
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor and neuregulin 1 are important genes and signaling pathways that are altered in schizophrenia.

TGen-led research shows ability to do next-generation sequencing for patients with advanced cancers
A pilot study led by the Translational Genomics Research Institute and the Virginia G.

Staph infections and eczema: What's the connection?
For the millions of people suffering from the intensely red, horribly itchy skin condition known as eczema, the only thing more maddening than their disease is the lack of understanding of what causes it, or makes it flare up from time to time.

Research confirms bottom-feeding behavior of humpback whales
Humpback whales are known for the complexity of their feeding techniques, which include

Institute explores intimate partner violence across generations
Most parents who experienced intimate partner violence had children that grew to face violence in their own adult relationships, according to a study published by the Crime Victims' Institute at Sam Houston State University.

MUHC researchers identify biomarkers that could lead to early diagnosis of colorectal cancer
Diagnosing colorectal cancer is complex; it relies on significant invasive tests and subjective evaluations.

Bacteria and fat: A 'perfect storm' for inflammation, may promote diabetes
A University of Iowa study shows that superantigens from staph bacteria trigger fat cells to produce pro-inflammatory molecules.

NEJM study evaluates early stem cell transplants for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma
Performing early stem cell transplants in patients with aggressive non-Hodgkin's lymphoma does not improve overall survival in high-risk patients, according to a study published in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Reducing number of unintended pregnancies through planning focus of $1.7 million grant
A Penn State College of Medicine researcher has received a three-year, $1.7 million grant to help determine if the number of unintended pregnancies can be reduced through reproductive life planning.

Research finds pain in infancy alters response to stress, anxiety later in life
Early life pain alters neural circuits in the brain that regulate stress, suggesting pain experienced by infants who often do not receive analgesics while undergoing tests and treatment in neonatal intensive care may permanently alter future responses to anxiety, stress and pain in adulthood, a research team led by Dr.

Results of the ADVISE II trial presented at TCT 2013
A new study supports the use of instantaneous wave-free ratio, to simplify assessment and determine the severity of coronary artery disease.

Results of the TRYTON trial presented at TCT 2013
A clinical trial designed to measure the effectiveness of using a dedicated side branch-covering bare metal stent in true bifurcation coronary lesions found that that the strategy was safe, but the results did not establish non-inferiority compared to the currently accepted strategy of using a single stent with provisional use of a second side branch stent when indicated.

A first step in learning by imitation, baby brains respond to another's actions
Imitation may be the sincerest form of flattery for adults, but for babies it's their foremost tool for learning.

Is left-handedness higher among those suffering from psychosis?
Researchers have long studied the connections between hand dominance and different aspects of the human brain.

Launch of the Lymphoma Hub, an online lymphoma community
Led by La Fondazione Italiana Linfomi, a non-profit Italian professional lymphoma research organization, and supported by an unrestricted educational grant from Celgene Corporation, the Lymphoma Hub has been launched as a new online community for hematologists and oncologists treating lymphoma.

University of Louisville researchers sign global licensing agreement
The University of Louisville announced Oct. 30 that researcher Dr.

HPV vaccination rates alarmingly low among young adult women in South
Initiation and completion rates for the human papillomavirus vaccine series are significantly lower in the South than any other geographic region, according to a new study from researchers at the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston.

Queen's leads multi-million euro study to uncover Malta's past
The five-year program will examine the environmental and cultural background of prehistoric Malta.

Old drug may teach new tricks in treating infectious diseases, cancer
Meclizine, an over-the-counter drug used for decades to treat nausea and motion sickness, has the potential for new uses to treat certain infectious diseases and some forms of cancer.

Pain management of hemiplegic shoulder pain post stroke
The incidence of shoulder pain post stroke was high. Thus, it is clinically significant to study the onset characteristics and pain management.

Absence of the SMG1 protein could contribute to Parkinson's and other neurological disorders
The absence of a protein called SMG1 could be a contributing factor in the development of Parkinson's disease and other related neurological disorders, according to a study led by the Translational Genomics Research Institute.

Results of the CHILL-MI trial presented at TCT 2013
A clinical trial shows that rapidly cooling patients who have suffered ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI, the most serious form of a heart attack) prior to restoring blood flow is safe and feasible.

One of the oldest cases of tuberculosis is discovered
Scientists verify the presence of tuberculosis from 7,000 years ago.

Study quantifies effectiveness of closing live poultry markets to control spread of bird flu virus
A group of scientists from the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, in Beijing, China and The University of Hong Kong report the strongest evidence yet that closing live poultry markets can rapidly and substantially reduce the poultry-to-human transmission of the avian influenza A H7N9 virus.

Incurable brain cancer gene is silenced
Glioblastoma multiforme, the brain cancer that killed Sen. Edward Kennedy, is aggressive and incurable.
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