Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 01, 2013
Animal welfare scientists reveal infrequent and inconsistent acceptance of existing data by EPA to satisfy endocrine disruptor testing requirements
Findings of scientists at PETA and HSUS were published in an edition of the journal Birth Defects Research Part B: Developmental and Reproductive Toxicology.

Children of lower socioeconomic status grow up more susceptible to catching colds, Carnegie Mellon researchers find
Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University have found an association between lower socioeconomic status during childhood and adolescence and the length of telomeres, protective cap-like protein complexes at the end of chromosomes, that ultimately affects the susceptibility to colds in middle-aged adults.

Study explains how a job-market system lands couples in the same city
New MIT study in the growing

Synaptic transistor learns while it computes
Exploiting unusual properties in modern materials, the synaptic transistor could mark the beginning of a new kind of artificial intelligence: one embedded not in smart algorithms but in the very architecture of a computer.

Genetic rarity rules in wild guppy population, study finds
Florida State University professor Kimberly A. Hughes in the Department of Biological Science has a new study just published in the journal Nature that is the first to demonstrate a female preference for rare males using an experiment in a wild population, rather than a laboratory setting.

International team identifies earliest galaxy ever detected
The surprise finding of a young galaxy from a survey that was not designed to find such bright early galaxies suggests that the infant universe may harbor a larger number of intense star-forming galaxies than astronomers believed possible, say first author Steve Finkelstein of UT Austin, Giavalisco and others writing in a recent issue of Nature.

Designing an acoustic diode
Most people know about ultrasound through its role in prenatal imaging: those grainy, grey outlines of junior constructed from reflected sound waves.

2 satellites see new Eastern Pacific tropical depression form
The eighteenth tropical depression of the Eastern Pacific Ocean hurricane season formed early on the first day of Nov. and is expected to become a tropical storm.

Kessler researchers find aerobic exercise benefits memory in persons with multiple sclerosis
A research study headed by Victoria Leavitt, Ph.D. and James Sumowski, Ph.D., of Kessler Foundation, provides the first evidence for beneficial effects of aerobic exercise on brain and memory in individuals with multiple sclerosis.

Segregation in American schools still problematic, despite best efforts
As American schools struggle with issues of race, diversity and achievement, a new study in the American Sociological Review has split the difference in the ongoing discussion of resegregation.

Patients with heart failure need specialist care
New research from Karolinska Institutet in Sweden shows that patients with heart failure have high mortality and often are undertreated.

New study: Rising temperatures challenge Salt Lake City's water supply
In an example of the challenges water-strapped Western cities will face in a warming world, new research shows that every degree Fahrenheit of warming in the Salt Lake City region could mean a 1.8 to 6.5 percent drop in the annual flow of streams that provide water to the city.

Going deep to study long-term climate evolution
A Rice University-based team of geoscientists is going to great lengths -- from Earth's core to its atmosphere -- to investigate a mystery about Earth's long-term climate.

Brushing your teeth could prevent heart disease
Taking care of your gums by brushing, flossing, and regular dental visits could help hold heart disease at bay.

MU receives $1.1 million training grant to increase diversity in biomedical sciences
Since 2003, University of Missouri faculty have been working to increase diversity in 30 biomedical sciences departments and programs by recruiting minority students into the MU Post-baccalaureate Research Education Program.

California receives 'A' grade on Preterm Birth Report Card
March of Dimes releases its 2013 Preterm Birth Report Card in conjunction with Prematurity Awareness Month.

GenSeq: Updated nomenclature for genetic sequences to solve taxonomic determination issues
An improved and expanded nomenclature for genetic sequences is introduced that corresponds with a ranking of the reliability of the taxonomic identification of the source specimens.

Mindful individuals less affected by immediate rewards
A new study from the University of Toronto Scarborough shows that people who are aware of and their own thoughts and emotions are less affected by positive feedback from others.

Study finds a patchwork of genetic variation in the brain
It was once thought that each cell in a person's body possesses the same DNA code and that the particular way the genome is read imparts cell function and defines the individual.

Problem of gender differences on physics assessments remains unsolved
Women consistently score lower than men on common assessments of conceptual understanding of physics.

New IOF review provides guidance on fracture prevention in cancer-associated bone disease
A new paper published by an International Osteoporosis Foundation Committee of Scientific Advisors Working Group reviews the epidemiology and pathophysiology of cancer-associated bone disease and provides information about fracture prevention in cancer patients.

LSUHSC simulation or team training improves performance & patient safety
A study conducted by an inter-professional team of LSU Health Sciences Center New Orleans faculty found that simulation-based operating room team training of medical and nursing students resulted in more effective teamwork by improving attitudes, behaviors, interaction and overall performance leading to potential increased patient safety and better clinical outcomes.

Home visits lessen emergency care for infants
Home visits from a nurse are a proven but expensive way to help newborns get a good start in life.

Liver tropism is key for B cell deletion immunotherapy
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Philippe Bousse and colleagues at the Pasteur Institute in Paris described the fate of B cells in live mice after treatment with anti-CD20 antibodies.

Sugar intake is not directly related to liver disease
Despite current beliefs, sugar intake is not directly associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, according to a new study in Gastroenterology, the official journal of the American Gastroenterological Association.

Bipolar and pregnant
New research offers one of the first in-depth views of how metabolism changes during pregnancy reduce the effect of a commonly used drug to treat bipolar disorder.

Non-radiologists perform majority of ultrasound-guided invasive procedures, study suggests
The November issue of the Journal of the American College of Radiology focuses on a variety of issues relating to clinical practice, practice management, health services and policy, and radiology education and training.

JCI early table of contents for Nov. 1, 2013
This release contains summaries, links to PDFs, and contact information for the following newsworthy papers to be published online, Nov.

Neuroscientists determine how treatment for anxiety disorders silences fear neurons
In a study published in Neuron, Tufts neuroscientists report that exposure therapy, a common treatment for anxiety disorders, remodels an inhibitory junction in the mouse brain.

Double-pronged attack could treat common children's cancer
A dual-pronged strategy using two experimental cancer drugs together could successfully treat a childhood cancer by inhibiting tumor growth and blocking off the escape routes it uses to become resistant to treatment, finds a new study.

Congenital blindness results in lower thermal pain thresholds
An international team of scientists investigated whether congenitally blind subjects experience pain differently than sighted individuals.

ASU researchers discover new path to address genetic muscular diseases
For decades, scientists have searched for treatments for myopathies -- genetic muscular diseases such as muscular dystrophy and ALS, also called Lou Gehrig's disease.

Durbin, University of Illinois announce $25 million federal grant
US Senator Dick Durbin (D-Ill.) and the University of Illinois College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences announced today that the university has received a $25 million federal grant to lead a consortium of universities and non-governmental organizations working to increase the food supply in Africa by improving soybean yields in five countries on the continent.

A new model for organ repair
Harvard Stem Cell Institute researchers have a new model for how the kidney repairs itself, a model that adds to a growing body of evidence that mature cells are far more plastic than had previously been imagined.

Kessler Foundation neuroimaging study sheds light on mechanisms of cognitive fatigue in MS
A new study by Kessler Foundation scientists sheds light on the mechanisms underlying cognitive fatigue in multiple sclerosis.

NASA begins airborne campaign to map Greenland ice sheet summer melt
For the first time, a NASA airborne campaign will measure changes in the height of the Greenland Ice Sheet and surrounding Arctic sea ice produced by a single season of summer melt.

Keystone Symposia launches 2013-14 meeting series with first conference in Rio de Janeiro
Keystone Symposia is convening its first 2013-2014 meeting season conference in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil on

Global warming led to dwarfism in mammals -- twice
Mammal body size decreased significantly during at least two ancient global warming events, a new finding that suggests a similar outcome is possible in response to human-caused climate change, according to a University of Michigan paleontologist and his colleagues.

Dysfunctional chemokine receptor promotes candidiasis
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Michail Lionakis and colleagues at the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases demonstrated that the chemokine receptor CX3CR1 is required for the interaction of C. albicans and macrophages in the kidney.

Nationwide disparities of deaths reported to coroners
A LEADING detective turned university researcher has discovered huge nationwide disparities in the numbers of deaths reported to coroners.

Pitt treats gum disease by bringing needed immune cells to inflamed tissue
The red, swollen and painful gums and bone destruction of periodontal disease could be treated by beckoning the right kind of immune system cells to the inflamed tissues, according to a new animal study conducted by researchers at the University of Pittsburgh.

NASA satellite catches a wide-eyed Typhoon Krosa
Typhoon Krosa became wide-eyed in imagery from NASA's Aqua satellite as the storm moved past the Philippines and into the South China Sea.

American Chemical Society extends new open access program designed to assist authors
ACS Publications, a leading scientific journal publisher and a Division of the American Chemical Society, announced today a far-reaching expansion of its open access publishing options -- including a major new open access journal, more licensing choices for authors and a stimulus program to support authors who select ACS journals when seeking to publish their work open access.

US preterm birth rate drops to 15-year low
The United States' preterm birth rate dropped for the sixth year in 2012 to 11.5 percent, a 15-year low.
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