Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 06, 2013
Postoperative pain may increase risk of temporary problems with learning, memory
The pain caused by a surgical incision may contribute to the risk of postoperative cognitive dysfunction, a sometimes transient impairment in learning and memory that affects a small but significant number of patients in the days following a surgical procedure.

Ditty bag of condoms, home-use instructions lead to improved comfort and consistency with condom use
A new and successful strategy for combating STIs such as HIV draws from an old idea: practice is fundamental to learning, even when it involves using condoms correctly.

OU natural products discovery group asks for public's help with citizen science program
The University of Oklahoma Natural Products Discovery Group has taken an unconventional approach to finding new compounds with therapeutic relevance by launching a crowdsourcing initiative with citizen scientists from around the country.

It's like a party in the atmosphere!
The Space Test Program-Houston 4-FireStation investigation, also simply known as FireStation, will orbit the Earth for a year attached to the outside of the space station.

Monkeys use minds to move 2 virtual arms
In a study led by Duke researchers, monkeys have learned to control the movement of both arms on an avatar using just their brain activity.

For young baseball players, light bats don't hit too fast
The use of non-wood bats in youth baseball has spurred decades of controversy about whether they propel the ball too fast, in part because of their higher bat-to-ball energy transfer -- the

Volcanic rock probe helps unlock mysteries of how Earth formed
New insights gleaned from volcanic rock are helping scientists better understand how our planet evolved billions of years ago.

Speaking a second language may delay dementia, study shows
People who speak more than one language and who develop dementia tend to do so up to five years later than those who are monolingual, according to a study.

Genetic aberration paves the way for new treatment of cancer disease
Researchers from Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, have characterized a genetic aberration on a group of colorectal cancer patients.

UTSA engineer awarded $400,000 from National Science Foundation for wind energy research
UTSA researcher and mechanical engineer Kiran Bhaganagar has been awarded three National Science Foundation grants to pursue critical wind energy research on land-based and offshore wind turbines to determine their optimal mechanical and aerodynamic conditions.

CWRU study finds mending ruptures in client-therapist relationship has positive benefits
In order for prolonged exposure therapy, an evidence-based psychotherapy for post traumatic stress disorder, to reach its full potential, any misperceptions or ruptures in trust and communication between therapist and client need fixing, according to a new Case Western Reserve University study.

School violence lowers test scores, not grades
A new study finds that while violent crime has a negative impact on standardized test scores, it doesn't have the same effect on grades.

Early childhood educators hold the key to children's communication skills
Researchers at UNC's Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute have completed a new examination of peer-reviewed science that reveals how early childhood educators can ignite the growth of language and communication skills in infants and toddlers.

ASMFC honors Gartland with Annual Award of Excellence
The Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commission has presented Jim Gartland of the Virginia Institute of Marine Science with one of two Annual Awards of Excellence for his outstanding contributions to the field of fisheries science.

Crime associated with higher mortality rates
People with criminal records die younger than those without, shows a comprehensive national study for Norway conducted by researchers at IIASA and Statistics Norway.

New research shows clear association between ACE inhibitors and acute kidney injury
New research shows clear association between ACE inhibitors -- drugs used to treat high blood pressure and heart disease -- and acute kidney injury.

Osteoarthritis medicine delivered on-demand
Scientists are reporting development of a squishy gel that when compressed -- like at a painful knee joint -- releases anti-inflammatory medicine.

Floods didn't provide nitrogen 'fix' for earliest crops in frigid North
Floods didn't make floodplains fertile during the dawn of human agriculture in the Earth's far north.

NYU's Movshon winner of 'Golden Brain' award for research on the neuroscience of vision
NYU Professor J. Anthony Movshon has been named the recipient of Minerva Foundation's 2013 Golden Brain Award

Researchers and clinicians unite to answer what will it take to achieve an AIDS-free world?
Since the onset of the AIDS pandemic more than three decades ago, researchers from the lab and physicians in the clinic have been working toward one shared goal: an AIDS-free world.

Infected butterflies lead geneticists up the garden path
Halle/Saale. For animal species that cannot be distinguished using their external characteristics, genetic techniques such as DNA barcoding can help to identify cryptic species.

Recent National Science Foundation study reveals increase in state government expenditures for research and development
According to a recent study published by the National Science Foundation, state government agency expenditures for research and development totaled $1.4 billion in fiscal year 2011, an 11 percent increase over the $1.3 billion reported in FY 2010.

Study shows that parenting improves with coaching via cell phone
First randomized trial of effects of cell phone use shows that texts and calls from parent coaches to young, at-risk mothers improved their parenting skills as well as their well-being and that of their children.

Educational video games can boost motivation to learn, NYU, CUNY study shows
Math video games can enhance students' motivation to learn, but it may depend on how students play, researchers at New York University and the City University of New York have found in a study of middle-schoolers.

Stress makes snails forgetful
New research on pond snails has revealed that high levels of stress can block memory processes.

'Diabetic flies' can speed up disease-fighting research
In a finding that has the potential to significantly speed up diabetes research, scientists at the University of Maryland have discovered that fruit flies respond to insulin at the cellular level much like humans do, making these common, easily bred insects good subjects for laboratory experiments in new treatments for diabetes.

Drilling for hydrocarbons can impact aquatic life
The degradation of drilling sumps associated with hydrocarbon extraction can negatively affect aquatic ecosystems.

Hormone levels in women using contraception affect nerve activity involved in vessel constriction
Latest research provides new insight into mechanisms through which lower hormone levels may make the body more susceptible to damage caused by stress and the chronic elevation of the fight or flight response.

Hospitals with neurology residency programs more likely to administer life-saving clot-busting drugs
Stroke patients treated at hospitals with neurology residency programs are significantly more likely to get life-saving clot-busting drugs than those seen at other teaching or non-teaching hospitals, new Johns Hopkins-led research suggests.

Health benefits of wild blueberries abound: Study
New research published today in the journal Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, shows that regular long-term wild blueberry diets may help improve or prevent pathologies associated with the metabolic syndrome, including cardiovascular disease and diabetes.

Companies close to reusing the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide
Reusing the major greenhouse gas carbon dioxide from industrial plants -- rather than releasing its warming potential into the environment -- is on the verge of becoming a commercial reality.

Big beats bolster solar cell efficiency
Playing pop and rock music improves the performance of solar cells, according to new research from scientists at Queen Mary University of London and Imperial College London.

Addicts may be seeking relief from emotional lows more than euphoric highs
Rutgers researchers are challenging the commonly held view that drug addiction occurs because users are always going after the high.

Nature's great diversity: Remarkable 277 new wasp species from Costa Rica
Costa Rica reveals astonishing biodiversity of braconid wasps, with 277 new species of the tribe Heterospilini described, from a total of 286 attributed to the group.

Mothers' relationships can influence adolescent children's relationships, MU study finds
Gary Glick, doctoral candidate, the MU College of Arts & Science, Department of Psychological Sciences, found that mothers' relationships can influence adolescent children's relationships with their friends, particularly the negative and antagonistic aspects.

Researchers help make pediatric eye cancer easier to detect
Can parents use digital cameras and smart phones to potentially screen their children for the most common form of pediatric eye cancer?

U of M scientists solve major piece in the origin of biological complexity
Scientists have puzzled for centuries over how and why multicellular organisms evolved the almost universal trait of using single cells, such as eggs and sperm, to reproduce.

'Tearless' onions could help in the fight against cardiovascular disease, weight gain
Onions, a key ingredient in recipes around the globe, come in a tearless version that scientists are now reporting could pack health benefits like its close relative, garlic, which is renowned for protecting against heart disease.

Research reveals possible cause of diabetic cardiomyopathy
Researchers now know that the leading cause of diabetic cardiomyopathy can be attributed to PKC activation and its downstream effects on gene expression.

Georgia Tech develops inkjet-based circuits at fraction of time and cost
Researchers have developed a novel method to rapidly and cheaply make electrical circuits by printing them with commodity inkjet printers and off-the-shelf materials.

X-rays reveal inner structure of the Earth's ancient magma ocean
Using the world's most brilliant X-ray source, scientists have for the first time peered into molten magma at conditions of the deep Earth mantle.

Cocktail novelties inspired by nature's designs
An MIT mathematician and a celebrity chef have combined talents to create two culinary novelties inspired by nature.

RNA controls splicing during gene expression, further evidence of 'RNA world' origin in modern life
RNA is the key functional component of spliceosomes, molecular machines that control how genes are expressed, report scientists from the University of Chicago online, Nov.

Not just a pretty face: Bodies provide important cues for recognizing people
Computer recognition of people has focused almost exclusively on faces, but a new study suggests it may be time to take additional information into consideration.

With $50M gift, Richard & Susan Rogel shape the future of medical education & Chinese studies
Investor Richard Rogel and Susan Rogel want the best and the brightest future doctors to continue to come to the University of Michigan Medical School to study medicine and enter their chosen medical specialty free from debt.

Wiley's inaugural Alexis Walker Award honors family studies research
John Wiley & Sons, Inc., is pleased to announce that the 2013 Alexis Walker Award will be presented to Professor Linda M.

Children who have autism far more likely to have tummy troubles
Children with autism experience gastrointestinal upsets such as constipation, diarrhea and sensitivity to foods six-to-eight times more often than do children who are developing typically, and those symptoms are related to behavioral problems, including social withdrawal, irritability and repetitive behaviors, a new study by researchers at the UC Davis MIND Institute has found.

A shot in the dark: Detector on the hunt for dark matter
Physicists are using a detector at the University of Washington to hunt for an elusive particle called an axion, a leading candidate for the makeup of cold dark matter that accounts for about one-quarter of the mass of the universe.

Volume of nuclear waste could be reduced by 90 percent, says new research
Engineers from the University of Sheffield have developed a way to significantly reduce the volume of some higher activity nuclear wastes, which will reduce the cost of interim storage and final disposal.

New study identifies signs of autism in the first months of life
Researchers have identified signs of autism present in the first months of life.

'Please feed me': The power of putting a human face on social causes
Companies often put a personal face on products in an attempt to reach a deeper connection with consumers.

Saddling up against the threat to our National Parks
A Griffith University research team has investigated the threat horse riding poses to the ecology of national parks around the world.

In dual-career couples, mothers still do the most child care
Even in couples most likely to believe in sharing parenting responsibilities, mothers still bear significantly more of the child care load, a new study reveals.

Personal reflection triggers increased brain activity during depressive episodes
Research by the University of Liverpool has found that people experiencing depressive episodes display increased brain activity when they think about themselves.

Professor Alan Cowman wins Malaysian science award
Walter and Eliza Hall Institute researcher Professor Alan Cowman has won the Mahathir Science Award in Tropical Research, awarded by the Mahathir Science Award Foundation through the Academy of Sciences Malaysia, in recognition of his substantial contributions to understanding malaria.

NASA sees Tropical Depression 30W stretching out, fading
Tropical Storm 30W weakened into a tropical depression again on Nov.

Brain may play key role in blood sugar metabolism and development of diabetes
The development of diabetes Type 2, the authors argue, requires a failure of both the islet-cell system in the pancreas and a brain-centered system for regulating blood sugar levels.

Study uncovers new explanation for infection susceptibility in newborns
Cells that allow helpful bacteria to safely colonize the intestines of newborn infants also suppress their immune systems to make them more vulnerable to infections, according to new research in Nature.

MU study finds more accurate method to diagnose pancreatic cancer
Researchers from the University of Missouri School of Medicine have found a more accurate laboratory method of diagnosing pancreatic cancer, the fourth leading cause of cancer death in the United States.

23 researchers join network of EMBO Young Investigators
EMBO announced today the selection of 23 young researchers as EMBO Young Investigators.

Findings announced from landmark study on safety of adolescent bariatric surgery
Initial results of a first and largest of its kind study focusing on the safety of adolescent bariatric surgery were published this week in JAMA Pediatrics.

First study of Russian meteor
The meteor that exploded over Chelyabinsk, Russia in February 2013 was

UC's SmartLight more than a bright idea, it's a revolution in interior lighting ready to shine
The innovative solar technology

Pathologist wins Packard Foundation Fellowship for research into 'good' bacteria
Bacteria have a bad reputation, but University of Utah pathologist June L.

3-dimensional carbon goes metallic
A theoretical, three-dimensional form of carbon that is metallic under ambient temperature and pressure has been discovered by an international research team.

Pitt Public Health analysis challenges assumptions about bisexual men and HIV transmission
The number of HIV positive men who have sex with both men and women is likely no higher than the number of HIV positive heterosexual men, according to a US-based analysis by University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health researchers.

Breastfeeding as a possible deterrent to autism -- a clinical perspective
The emergence of autism in young children appears to result from dysmyelination of brain neurons, related to inadequate supply of insulin-like growth factor (IGF) in the newborn.

Earliest record of copulating insects discovered
Scientists have found the oldest fossil depicting copulating insects in northeastern China.

Updating building energy codes: How much can your state save?
How much in energy and cost savings would your state realize if it updated its commercial building energy codes?

Discovery of HIV 'invisibility cloak' reveals new treatment opportunities
Wellcome Trust scientists have discovered a molecular invisibility cloak that enables HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, to hide inside cells of the body without triggering the body's natural defense systems.

Dartmouth researchers shed new light on dark energy, cosmic speed-up
In a new study, Dartmouth researchers rule out a controversial theory that the accelerating expansion of the universe is an illusion.

Common diabetes drug fails to fulfill promise of improving cardiovascular risk in people without diabetes
Despite high expectations for the commonly used diabetes drug metformin to improve risk factors for heart disease in people without diabetes, few beneficial effects have been found in a randomised trial of patients with established cardiovascular disease, published in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology.

Maintaining strength in ocean science requires greater collaboration, coordination, and integration
A newly released report by the Council of Canadian Academies entitled, Ocean Science in Canada: Meeting the Challenge, Seizing the Opportunity, provides an overview of Canada's research capacity in ocean science, analyzes research output and impact, and describes opportunities and challenges for ocean science in Canada in light of emerging and future areas of importance for the ocean science community.

US media consumption to rise to 15.5 hours a day -- per person -- by 2015
A new study by a researcher at the San Diego Supercomputer Center at the University of California, San Diego, says that by 2015, the sum of media asked for and delivered to consumers on mobile devices and to their homes would take more than 15 hours a day to see or hear.

Climate change scientists must turn their attention to clean skies
Natural aerosols, such as emissions from volcanoes or plants, may contribute more uncertainty than previously thought to estimates of how the climate might respond to greenhouse gas emissions.

Burning biomass pellets instead of wood or plants in China could lower mercury emissions
For millions of homes, plants, wood and other types of

iGEM competition: First runner up to world champion for Bielefeld
Many months of laboratory work, numerous challenges, and, finally, good reason to celebrate: Ten students from Bielefeld University have been taking part in this year's International Genetically Engineered Machine competition organized at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - and they gained second place (First Runner Up).

Elsevier and the University of Birmingham launch first large scale investigation analyzing discourse
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, and the University of Birmingham, UK, the Times University of the Year in 2013, announce the launch of an Investigation of the Discourse of Interdisciplinary Research.

'Path to 2025' Alzheimer's Disease Summit: Reforms urgently needed to streamline road to Alzheimer's
As the burden of Alzheimer's disease escalates worldwide, efforts to develop effective treatments are failing to keep pace because of the high costs and risks associated with developing Alzheimer's drugs.

Discovered a mechanism that induces migration of tumor cells in liver cancer
Researchers from the Biological clues of the invasive and metastatic phenotype group of the Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute led by Isabel Fabregat have discovered the relationship between the TGFb signalling pathways and CXCR4 in hepatocellular carcinoma .

Lawrence Livermore researchers unveil carbon nanotube jungles to better detect molecules
Researchers from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich have developed a new method of using nanotubes to detect molecules at extremely low concentrations enabling trace detection of biological threats, explosives and drugs.

From 1 collapsing star, 2 black holes form and fuse
Over billions of years, small black holes can slowly grow into supermassive black holes by taking on mass from their surroundings, and also by merging with other black holes.

Robots from space lead to 1-stop breast cancer diagnosis treatment
International Space Station-derived robotic capabilities, such as the Image-Guided Autonomous Robot are giving us a fast pass to life-saving surgical techniques with cancer-fighting finesse.

Earliest marker for autism found in young infants
Eye contact during early infancy may be a key to early identification of autism, according to a study funded by the National Institute of Mental Health, part of the National Institutes of Health.

MU researchers determine televised presidential debates help moderates choose candidates
Televised presidential debates have been a staple of the political landscape for more than 50 years.

Perfect faults: A self-correcting crystal may unleash the next generation of advanced communications
NIST researchers have joined with an international team to engineer and measure a potentially important new class of nanostructured materials for microwave and advanced communication devices.

Targeting evolution: Could this be the next strategy to stop superbugs?
A Penn Medicine researcher is among the winners of a GlaxoSmithKline

NASA pursues new geodesy application for emerging atom-optics technology
NASA technologists working to advance a pioneering technology that promises to detect tiny perturbations in the curvature of space-time now want to apply the same technique to map variations in Earth's gravity field.

Georgia Tech warns of threats to cloud data storage, mobile devices in latest 'emerging cyber threat'
As more businesses find their way into the cloud, few engage in security measures beyond those provided by the associated cloud storage firm, a new report from Georgia Tech notes.

SDSU receives $8.5M for heart research
The National Institutes of Health has awarded a prestigious Program Project Grant totaling more than $8.5 million over five-years to San Diego State University to better understand how the heart heals and ways stem cells can help the heart repair itself.

Institute for Population Health Improvement receives grants to support health policy presence
The Institute for Population Health Improvement has received grants totaling $423,236 from the California HealthCare Foundation and the California Endowment to increase awareness of evidence-based policies to address a wide range of health issues facing California and the nation.

Natura Therapeutics product shown to improve decision making skills in older adults
A human clinical study of older adults has demonstrated that participants who took NutraStem Cardio, a natural dietary supplement created by Natura Therapeutics, Inc., showed a significant increase in cognition when compared to age-matched individuals taking a placebo.

Stanford researchers surprised to find how neural circuits identify information needed for decisions
Using brain recordings and a computer model, an interdisciplinary team at Stanford confounds the conventional wisdom about how the brain sorts out relevant versus irrelevant sensory inputs in making choices.

Winners named in 2013 AAAS Kavli Science Journalism Awards competition
Stories about efforts to prevent the Asian carp from invading the Great Lakes, about evolutionary stress on endangered pupfish in the Mojave Desert, and about the use of

Sun sends out a significant solar flare
The sun emitted a significant solar flare, peaking at 5:12 p.m.

Conversations between lovers about STIs are important in theory but difficult in bed
Having sex can be fun; talking about sex can be fun.

First foods most: Buffet dish sequences may prompt healthier choices
Most people are unaware that food order biases what ends up on their plates: the first food in line is taken the most and biases what else is taken.

The presence of human settlements has a negative impact on tiger connectivity
Human settlements and roads place greater barriers on tiger dispersal than distance.

Newly discovered predatory dinosaur 'king of gore' reveals the origins of T. rex
A remarkable new species of tyrannosaur has been unearthed in Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument, southern Utah.

NIST's new compact atomic clock design uses cold atoms to boost precision
NIST physicists have demonstrated a compact atomic clock design that relies on cold rubidium atoms instead of the usual hot atoms, a switch that promises improved precision and stability.

Movin' on out
Recent research shows that individuals in their early 20s -- also known as millennials -- undergo a brand-new life stage not experienced by previous generations: emerging adulthood.

New EU project looking at late side-effects of the treatment of childhood cancer
Is it possible to predict the likelihood of subsequent complications following cancer treatment on the basis of genetic tests?

NASA sees heavy rain around Super-Typhoon Haiyan's eye
Super Typhoon Haiyan continues moving toward the Philippines, and when NASA's TRMM satellite passed overhead, it was very close to the island of Palau and packing heavy rainfall.

Clean Air Act has led to improved water quality in the Chesapeake Bay watershed
A new study shows that the reduction of pollution emissions from power plants in the mid-Atlantic is making an impact on the quality of the water that ends up in the Chesapeake Bay.

Nuclear medicine therapy increases survival for patients with colorectal cancer liver metastases
For patients who fail to respond to current first-line and second-line treatments for colorectal cancer liver metastases (also known as salvage patients), radioembolization with Y-90 microspheres could extend survival according to new research published in the November issue of The Journal of Nuclear Medicine.

Annual car crash deaths in England and Wales have fallen 40 percent in 50 years
The annual number of car crash deaths in England and Wales has plunged by 41 percent over the past 50 years, despite the increase in drivers on the road, reveals research published online in Emergency Medicine Journal.

Long term results of EORTC trial for patients with resectable liver metastases from colorectal cancer
Long term results of the randomized phase III EORTC intergroup trial 40983 were recently reported in The Lancet Oncology.

Network to study environmental microbes
They're tiny, everywhere and vital to the environment, but biologists have largely overlooked the worms, fungi and single-celled animals found in every environment on Earth.

New report calls for sustained public endorsement and funding for human stem cell research
A strategic report from the European Science Foundation examines the key scientific questions for human stem cell research in the context of the rapidly emerging field of regenerative medicine.

Speaking a second language may delay different dementias
In the largest study on the topic to date, research shows that speaking a second language may delay the onset of three types of dementias.

Comprehending comprehension
What makes a good reader? First, you have to know how to read the words on a page and understand them -- but there's a higher-level step to reading comprehension.

'Don't get sick in July'
With almost no experience, newly graduated medical students enter teaching hospitals around the country every July, beginning their careers as interns.

Touch may alleviate existential fears for people with low self-esteem
As human beings, we all know that we are going to die some day.

New research shows tea may help promote weight loss, improve heart health and slow progression of prostate cancer
The December 2013 issue of the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition features 12 new articles about the relationship between tea and human health.

Biometrics must respond to human aging
The accuracy and reliability of systems which identify individuals from biometric characteristics, such as facial image, fingerprints or handwriting, could be significantly compromised if we do not take account of the effects of human aging.

Research helps identify young people with type 1 diabetes at risk of heart and kidney disease
Using a simple urine test, researchers can now identify young people with type 1 diabetes at risk of heart and kidney disease.

Table talk: The ergonomics of bombs at sea
In an effort to stem work-related injuries and speed the assembly of munitions aboard aircraft carriers, the Office of Naval Research spearheaded the development of a more efficient and ergonomic way to build bombs at sea, officials announced Nov.

Hoping to help heart attack patients, MU signs agreement with Global PET
Following a heart attack, many patients consult with their doctors about the necessity of heart bypass surgery.

A sight for sore eyes: New accuracy for 60mm mortars
The handheld mortar has long been a staple for the US Marine Corps, and yesterday the weapon got a major boost as combat instructors at Marine Corps Base Quantico successfully conducted a live-fire demonstration of a new mortar sight, sponsored by the Office of Naval Research.

Prognostic value of baseline HRQOL for survival for 11 types of cancer pointed out by EORTC study
Results of an EORTC study published in Cancer point out the prognostic value of baseline recorded health-related quality of life for survival for eleven types of cancer: brain, breast, colorectal, esophageal, head and neck, lung, melanoma, ovarian, pancreatic, prostate, and testicular cancer.

Elsevier's Maturitas publishes position statement on fertility preservation
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, today announced the publication of a position statement by the European Menopause and Andropause Society in the journal Maturitas on the topic of fertility preservation.

Brown/MIT team chosen for new NASA institute
NASA has tapped a team of Brown and MIT researchers to be part of its new Solar System Exploration Research Virtual Institute.

Lower education levels linked to unhealthy diets
People with lower levels of education may eat larger amounts of unhealthy, calorically dense food than those with a higher education level, possibly because they are more physically active.

ASU teams up with 7 research universities in new NSF center
Arizona State University is teaming up with seven other research universities to establish a new Science and Technology Center, sponsored by the National Science Foundation with an initial five-year, $25-million grant (extendable for another five years).
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