Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 07, 2013
FDA awards $2.25M grant to study immunosuppresive drug in high-risk patients
University of Cincinnati Research Professor Rita Alloway, PharmD, has been awarded a $2.25 million grant from the U.S.

UNH, UC Davis launch network to study environmental microbes
A grant to the University of New Hampshire and the University of California, Davis, will help biologists identify an abundant yet largely unknown category of organisms, leading to better understanding of the vital environmental functions they play.

A bio patch that can regrow bone
Researchers at the University of Iowa have created an implantable bio patch that regrows bone in a living body, using existing cells.

Better tests needed to improve patient care, public health
Despite advances in diagnostic technology, there is an urgent need for tests that are easy to use, identify the bug causing an infection and provide results faster than current tests, according to a report from the Infectious Diseases Society of America published today in a special supplement to Clinical Infectious Diseases.

Social symptoms in autistic children may be caused by hyper-connected neurons
The brains of children with autism show more connections than the brains of typically developing children do.

When is a comet not a comet?
Astronomers using the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope have observed a unique and baffling object in the asteroid belt that looks like a rotating lawn sprinkler or badminton shuttlecock.

Researchers build muscle in diseased mice; create human muscle cells in a dish
Skeletal muscle has proved to be very difficult to grow in patients with muscular dystrophy and other disorders that degrade and weaken muscle.

Women have greater shortness of breath than men when exercising
The reason women find it harder to breathe than men during exercise is due to greater electrical activation of their breathing muscles, shows a new study published today [8 November] in the journal Experimental Physiology.

Kidney Week 2013: New approaches to assessing and protecting kidney health
A simple saliva test may be used to diagnose kidney injury.

Researchers suggest plan to address hypoxia in Gulf of Mexico
Despite a 12-year action plan calling for reducing the hypoxia zone in the Gulf of Mexico, little progress has been made, and there is no evidence that nutrient loading to the Gulf has decreased during this period.

NSF, with interagency and international partners, makes first round of grants to understand Arctic sustainability
The National Science Foundation, in cooperation with interagency and international partners, recently made the first round of awards under a program that supports multi- and interdisciplinary science important to understanding the predictability, resiliency and sustainability of the natural and living environment, built environment, natural resource development and governance of the Arctic.

The Economist honors cancer immunotherapy pioneer James Allison
For basic science research that opened a completely new approach for treating cancer, The Economist has named James Allison, Ph.D., professor and chair of Immunology at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, as its 2013 Innovations Award winner in Bioscience.

Alcohol ads reaching too many young people in TV markets across the United States
A new report finds almost one in four alcohol advertisements on a sample of national TV programs most popular with youth exceeded the alcohol industry's voluntary standards.

Special camera detects tumors
Cancer patients have the highest probability of recovering if tumors are completely removed.

Developing methods for quantifying uncertainty and sensitivity for complex systems
Predictive mathematical models and algorithms have long complemented theory and experiments in applied sciences and engineering, but such computational models are now more important than ever because of the increased complexity of the problems plus advances in computing capabilities.

UH among Texas institutions that will lead Ocean Energy Safety Institute
The University of Houston will be part of a Texas-based operation established by the Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement to manage the Ocean Energy Safety Institute, according to an announcement Thursday.

OHSU Vollum Institute research gives new insight into how antidepressants work in the brain
Research from Oregon Health & Science University's Vollum Institute, published in the current issue of Nature, is giving scientists a never-before-seen view of how nerve cells communicate with each other.

Why stem cells need to stick with their friends
Scientists at University of Copenhagen and University of Edinburgh have identified a core set of functionally relevant factors which regulates embryonic stem cells' ability for self-renewal.

Study finds that Americans want doctors' guidance on genetic test results
In an era of commercialized medicine, direct-to-consumer genetic testing has been on a steady rise.

Experts warn that Syria polio outbreak may threaten Europe
Two infectious disease experts have written to The Lancet warning that a new outbreak of polio (due to infection with wild-type polio virus 1, WPV1) in Syria, recently confirmed by WHO, might endanger neighbouring regions, including Europe.

HPV can damage genes and chromosomes directly, whole-genome sequencing study shows
A study has identified a new mechanism by which the human papillomavirus (HPV) may contribute to cancer development.

Study finds high clot risk for women admitted to hospital during pregnancy
Admission to hospital during pregnancy for reasons other than delivery carries a substantially increased risk of serious blood clots (known as venous thromboembolism or VTE), finds a study published on today.

Blocking the active site of thiolase
Scientists at the University of Oulu, Finland, and at the HZB break new ground for drug discovery research in the fight against sleeping sickness Scientists at the University of Oulu, Finland, and at the Helmholtz Center Berlin have shown the way to new directions in drug development against African sleeping sickness and other tropical parasitic infections.

Programmed nanoparticles organize themselves into highly complex nanostructures
Animal and plant cells are prominent examples of how nature constructs ever-larger units in a targeted, preprogrammed manner using molecules as building blocks.

Mayo Clinic researchers identify role of Cul4 molecule in genome instability and cancer
Mayo Clinic researchers have shown that a molecule called Cul4 helps to deposit DNA-packaging histone proteins onto DNA, an integral step in cramming yards of genetic code into compact coils that can fit into each cell.

New method predicts time from Alzheimer's onset to nursing home, death
A Columbia University Medical Center-led research team has clinically validated a new method for predicting time to nursing home residence or death for patients with Alzheimer's.

New study assesses injuries seen in the emergency department to children of teenage parents
Although the number of children born to teenage parents has decreased since the 1990s, these children continue to be at an increased risk for injury, both accidental and intentional.

UT Southwestern researchers discover a new driver of breast cancer
A team of researchers at UT Southwestern has found that as cholesterol is metabolized, a potent stimulant of breast cancer is created -- one that fuels estrogen-receptor positive breast cancers, and that may also defeat a common treatment strategy for those cancers.

Human muscle stem cell therapy gets help from zebrafish
Harvard Stem Cell Scientists have discovered that the same chemicals that stimulate muscle development in zebrafish can also be used to differentiate human stem cells into muscle cells in the laboratory, an historically challenging task that, now overcome, makes muscle cell therapy a more realistic clinical possibility.

A*STAR scientist wins European Molecular Biology Organization Young Investigator award
Dr Florent Ginhoux, Principal Investigator at the Singapore Immunology Network, has been awarded the prestigious EMBO Young Investigator 2013 award.

Female doctors twice as likely to screen low-risk women for cervical cancer with HPV test
How likely is it that your doctor orders the HPV test to screen you for cervical cancer?

TU Muenchen hosts international symposium on 'informal urbanism'
In developing countries, millions of new residents stream into megacities -- often building

Weight loss surgery effective in kidney disease patients, but side effects are high
In 74 obese kidney disease patients undergoing weight loss surgery, there were 16 adverse events, including two deaths related to surgical complications.

BPA in dialysis machine components may be toxic to patients' cells
Viability, necrosis, and death of immune cells are influenced by BPA concentrations in components of dialysis machines.

More secure App-Store for Android
Apps often read the data from mobile user devices unnoticed by users.

Bacterial toxin sets the course for infection
Braunschweig have now discovered what makes a specific strain of Yersinia pseudotuberculosis -- one of the main instigators for these infections -- so dangerous: the bacteria produce a molecule called CNFy that facilitates the infection process for them.

Obesity may limit overall function 2 years after shoulder replacement surgery
Patients with obesity undergo a disproportionately higher number of elective orthopaedic surgeries in the US Obesity has been linked to higher costs, complications, infections and revisions in total knee and total hip replacement surgeries.

NASA satellites see Super-Typhoon Haiyan lashing the Philippines
Super-Typhoon Haiyan was lashing the central and southern Philippines on Nov.

Artificial heart to pump human waste into future robots
A new device capable of pumping human waste into the

Climate may play a role in the distribution and prevalence of trachoma
High temperatures and low rainfall are important factors which influence the occurrence and severity of the active stages of trachoma -- the most common cause of infectious blindness -- according to a new study publishing Nov.

A fish that pushes in the wrong direction solves a mystery of animal locomotion
For nearly 20 years, professor Eric Fortune has studied glass knifefish, a species of three-inch long electric fish that lives in the Amazon Basin.

UCSF scientist asks, did inefficient cellular machinery evolve to fight viruses and jumping genes?
It might seem obvious that humans are elegant and sophisticated beings in comparison to lowly bacteria, but when it comes to genes, a UC San Francisco scientist wants to turn conventional wisdom about human and bacterial evolution on its head.

A genetic study on South Asians helps to understand human skin color variation
In a recent study publishing in PloS Genetics; researchers took skin color measurements from local residents in India to quantify the range and extent of variation in skin pigmentation phenotype and found that one of the important pigmentation genes; SLC24A5, plays a key role in skin pigmentation variation among South Asians.

Preparing for hell and high water
As climate changes get more pronounced, people everywhere will have to adjust.

Nanoparticles can overcome drug resistance in breast cancer cells
Nanoparticles filled with chemotherapeutic drugs can kill drug-resistant breast cancer cells, according to a study published in the scientific journal Biomaterials.

Defining allergy fact from fiction
From gluten allergy and hypoallergenic pets, to avoiding the flu shot because of an egg allergy, there are a lot of common myths and misconceptions about allergies.

Potential for added medical benefits uncovered for widely used breast cancer drug
Exemestane, a synthetic steroid drug widely prescribed to fight breast cancers that thrive on estrogens, not only inhibits the production of the hormone, but also appears to protect cells throughout the body against damage induced by UV radiation, inflammation and other assaults, according to results of research by Johns Hopkins scientists.

Mayo Clinic: Less-invasive option as effective as esophagus removal in early esophageal cancer
Use of a minimally invasive endoscopic procedure to remove superficial, early stage esophageal cancer is as effective as surgery that takes out and rebuilds the esophagus, according to a study by researchers at Mayo Clinic in Florida.

Exploring public perceptions of future wearable computing
As scientists develop the next wave of smartwatches and other wearable computing, they might want to continue focusing their attention on the arms and the wrists.

Peptide derived from cow's milk kills human stomach cancer cells in culture
New research from a team of researchers in Taiwan indicates that a peptide fragment derived from cow's milk, known as lactoferricin B25 (LFcinB25), exhibited potent anticancer capability against human stomach cancer cell cultures.

Bisphenol A is affecting us at much lower doses than previously thought
A group of scientists that study endocrine disruption worked together to update and refine a 2007 review of the low dose effects of BPA.

3 'hands on' nutrition classes -- Enough to impact health behaviors in lower income women
The knowledge and skills required to change poor nutrition and health behavior choices are often unavailable to those living with financial limitations.

Children born prematurely face up to a 19 times greater risk of retinal detachment later in life
Children born extremely prematurely have up to a 19 times greater risk of retinal detachment later in life than peers born at term, according to a Swedish study published this month in Ophthalmology, the journal of the American Academy of Ophthalmology.

Clotting protein hardens aging hearts
The Rice lab of bioengineer Jane Grande-Allen found through studies of pigs' heart valves that age plays a critical role in the valves' progressive hardening, and the problem may be due to the infiltration of a protein known as von Willebrand factor.

Solar activity playing a minimal role in global warming, research suggests
Changes in solar activity have contributed no more than 10 per cent to global warming in the twentieth century, a new study has found.

New study shows trustworthy people are perceived to look similar to ourselves
When a person is deemed trustworthy, we perceive that person's face to be more similar to our own, according to a new study published in Psychological Science.

Plant cell architecture: Growth toward a light source
Inside every plant cell, a cytoskeleton provides an interior scaffolding to direct construction of the cell's walls, and thus the growth of the organism as a whole.

Brain & Behavior Research Foundation awards $1.5 million in NARSAD Distinguished Investigator Grants
The Brain & Behavior Research Foundation has announced the latest recipients of its NARSAD Distinguished Investigator Grants.

Unique change in protein structure guides production of RNA from DNA
One of biology's most fundamental processes is transcription. It is just one step of many required to build proteins -- and without it life would not exist.

NTU and Sentosa launch Singapore's first tidal turbine system at Sentosa Boardwalk
Nanyang Technological University has built Singapore's first tidal turbine system to test the viability of tapping tidal energy to generate electricity here.

Designer Michael Kors' gift of $3M establishes endowed immunology professorship at Weill Cornell
Award-winning fashion designer Michael Kors has dedicated his career to designing luxury American sportswear.

Tree nut consumption associated with reduced risk of pancreatic cancer in women
In a large prospective study published online in the British Journal of Cancer, researchers looked at the association between nut consumption and risk of pancreatic cancer among 75,680 women in the Nurses' Health Study, with no previous history of cancer.

Researchers advocate for climate adaptation science
An international team of researchers says in a new paper that climate science needs to advance to a new realm -- more practical applications for dealing with the myriad impacts of climate variability.

Tricking algae's biological clock boosts production of drugs, biofuels
Tricking algae's biological clock to remain in its daytime setting can dramatically boost the amount of commercially valuable compounds that these simple marine plants can produce when they are grown in constant light.

NIH funds researchers using light to control and monitor neural activity
Samarendra Mohanty, assistant professor of physics at The University of Texas at Arlington, expects to receive a total of $384,269 over the next two years from the NIH's National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke.

Cost-effective method accurately orders DNA sequencing along entire chromosomes
A new computational method has been shown to quickly assign, order and orient DNA sequencing information along entire chromosomes.

For obese teen girls, aerobic exercise may trump resistance training in health benefits
New findings suggest that for teen girls, aerobic exercise might be superior to resistance exercise for cutting health risks associated with obesity.

AACR to host Annual Conference on Science of Cancer Health Disparities
The American Association for Cancer Research will host the sixth conference on The Science of Cancer Health Disparities in Racial/Ethnic Minorities and the Medically Underserved on Dec.

Research shows that the more chocolate you eat, the lower your body fat level is
Higher chocolate consumption associated with lower levels of total fat -- fat deposits all over the body -- and central -- abdominal -- fat, independently of whether or not subjects are physically active, and of their diet.

Consuming more vegetable protein may help kidney disease patients live longer
For each 10 gram increase in vegetable protein intake per day, participants in a study had a 14 percent lower risk of dying during follow-up.

Anxiety help comes, eventually, via primary care
A study of anxiety sufferers who were engaged with primary medical care found that over a five year period seven in 10 received

Informal elite network changed international politics in the 1970s
In the 1970s, a network of businessmen, politicians, and academics from the US, Europe, and Japan, also known as the Trilateral Commission, changed the way international politics was conducted.

Hope builds for a drug that might shut down a variety of cancers
The most frequently mutated gene across all types of cancers is a gene called p53.

New test can diagnose emerging strains of canine parvovirus
The Kansas State Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory has developed a diagnostic test that can detect emerging strains of canine parvovirus, a severe -- and potentially fatal -- virus that affects dogs.

Japanese fund to invest in promising technology against malaria, tuberculosis and Chagas disease
The Global Health Innovative Technology Fund, a new public health partnership that is bringing Japanese know-how and investment to the global fight against infectious diseases, announced today grants of US$5.7 million to six global partnerships working on innovative drugs and vaccines against malaria, tuberculosis and Chagas disease.

Dartmouth researcher finds novel genetic patterns that make us rethink biology and individuality
Scott Williams, Ph.D., of the iQBS at Dartmouth, has made two novel discoveries: 1) a person can have several DNA mutations in parts of their body, with their original DNA in the rest -- resulting in several different genotypes in one individual -- and 2) some of the same genetic mutations occur in unrelated people.

Oxygen levels in tumors affect response to treatment
Tumors with lower levels of oxygen -- known as hypoxia -- often respond less well to radiation therapy.

UT Southwestern researchers identify how body clock affects inflammation
UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers report that disrupting the light-dark cycle of mice increased their susceptibility to inflammatory disease, indicating that the production of a key immune cell is controlled by the body's circadian clock.

If a tree falls in Brazil...? Amazon deforestation could mean droughts for western US
Princeton University-led researchers report that the total deforestation of the Amazon could mean 20 percent less rain for the coastal Northwest and a 50 percent reduction in the Sierra Nevada snowpack, resulting in water and food shortages, and a greater risk of forest fires.

Changes to fisheries legislation have removed habitat protection for most fish species in Canada
Federal government changes to Canada's fisheries legislation

NSF awards Chicago Botanic Garden $1.54 million Dimensions in Biodiversity grant
Chicago Botanic Garden researchers have received a $1.54 million NSF Dimensions in Biodiversity grant to study the role floral scent, pollinators and flower predators play in driving plant evolution.

Hospitalized patients with acute kidney injury may not be receiving sufficient care after discharge
Acute kidney injury is the most common in-hospital diagnosis seen by US nephrologists.

'Freakish' asteroid discovered, resembles rotating lawn sprinkler
Astronomers report the discovery of a never-before-seen

Sustainable palm oil: Marketing ploy or true commitment? New research examines RSPO standards
Members of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) are violating the rights of indigenous peoples and local communities in the forests and peatlands of tropical nations worldwide, according to a new research publication released today.

NASA's Hubble sees asteroid spouting 6 comet-like tails
Astronomers viewing our solar system's asteroid belt with NASA's Hubble Space Telescope have seen for the first time an asteroid with six comet-like tails of dust radiating from it like spokes on a wheel.

Babies named for fathers but not mothers reflect US cultural ideologies
From Cal Ripkin, Jr., to Robert Downey, Jr., finding men named after their fathers -- with so-called patronyms -- is easy.

Allen Institute for Brain Science partners with imec for development of next-generation tools
The Allen Institute in partnership with imec, the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, the Gatsby Charitable Foundation, the Wellcome Trust and University College London, have committed $5.5 million in R&D for the revolutionary neuroscience research tools including the proposed sensor array.

Fountain-of-youth gene repairs tissue damage in adults
Young animals recover from tissue damage better than adults, and from Charles Darwin's time until now, scientists have puzzled over why this is the case.

Promoting chemistry through cooking: American Chemical Society Prized Science video
One of Shirley O. Corriher's first lessons on how chemistry meets cooking came in the form of scrambled eggs stuck to a frying pan.

1 worm, 2 mouths
Depending on the environment in which the worm grows, the larva of the roundworm Pristionchus pacificus develops into either a wide-mouthed predator or a narrow-mouthed bacteria eater.

White-lipped peccary trails lead to archeological discovery in Brazil
While tracking white-lipped peccaries and gathering environmental data in forests that link Brazil's Pantanal and Cerrado biomes, a team of researchers from the Wildlife Conservation Society and a local partner NGO, Instituto Quinta do Sol, discovered ancient cave drawings made by hunter-gatherer societies thousands of years ago.

Do food blogs serve as a source of nutritionally balanced recipes?
More people are cooking at home, and more people are finding their recipes online via food blogs.

Springer will publish lecture series with the Mathematical Biosciences Institute
Springer and the Mathematical Biosciences Institute (MBI) in the US have signed a publishing agreement to collaborate on the Mathematical Biosciences Institute Graduate Lecture Series.

Carnegie Mellon researchers use inkblots to improve security of online passwords
Carnegie Mellon University computer scientists have developed a new password system that incorporates inkblots to provide an extra measure of protection when, as so often occurs, lists of passwords get stolen from websites.

Common genetic pathway could be conduit to pediatric tumor treatment
Investigators at Johns Hopkins have found a known genetic pathway to be active in many difficult-to-treat pediatric brain tumors called low-grade gliomas, potentially offering a new target for the treatment of these cancers.

Breakthrough discoveries on cellular regeneration seek to turn back the body's clock
Two groups of scientists at the Children's Medical Center Research Institute at UT Southwestern have made complementary discoveries that break new ground on efforts to turn back the body's clock on cellular activity, paving the way for a better understanding of stem cells, tissue growth, and regeneration.

Prevalence of kidney failure treatment is skyrocketing worldwide
Worldwide, there has been a 165 percent increase in dialysis treatments for ESRD over the past two decades.

Vitamin C could ease muscle fatigue in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients
New findings show IV infusions of vitamin C can improve skeletal muscle fatigue in COPD patients, further implicating the role of oxidative stress in the skeletal muscle problems that accompany the disease.

Living through war leads to in-group solidarity
War experiences have a long-term effect on human psychology, shifting people's motivations toward greater equality for members of their own group, according to research forthcoming in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

Alcohol-related aggression: Social and neurobiological factors
One-third of all acts of violence are perpetrated under the influence of alcohol.

UMMS researchers answer century old question about 3D structure of mitotic chromosomes
In an article that appears in the online edition of Science, UMMS Professor Job Dekker, PhD, and colleagues show new evidence for a general principal of condensed, mitotic chromosome organization and structure that is highly adaptable and common to all cells.

'Tiger stripes' underneath Antarctic glaciers slow the flow
Researchers at Princeton University and the British Antarctic Survey have discovered that most resistance to the movement of glaciers over the underlying bedrock comes from narrow, high-friction stripes that lie within large, extremely slippery areas underneath the glacier.

USC study identifies mechanism that makes ordinary stem cells create tumors
A new study from the Ostrow School of Dentistry of USC published in Cell Stem Cell illustrates how changes in cell signaling can cause ordinary stem cells in the jaw to start forming benign but potentially harmful tumors.

Grandiose narcissism reflects US presidents' bright and dark sides
To become president of the United States, some narcissistic traits may be worth fostering, suggests an analysis by Emory University psychologists.

Crown of Venezuelan paramos: A new species from the daisy family, Coespeletia palustris
A joint research led by the Smithsonian Institution (US), Saint Louis University (US) and Universidad de Los Andes (Venezuela) resulted in the discovery of an exciting new species from the daisy family.

Robotic advances promise artificial legs that emulate healthy limbs
Recent advances in robotics technology make it possible to create prosthetics that can duplicate the natural movement of human legs which promises to dramatically improve the mobility of lower-limb amputees.

Horrors of war harden group bonds
War is hell, and according to new research, experiencing the horrors of war can cause people to have a greater affinity for members of their own group, particularly if individuals are exposed to war during key periods of their life.

Lowering salt intake improves heart and kidney health of chronic kidney disease patients
In patients with chronic kidney disease who lowered their salt intake for two weeks, excess extracellular fluid volume, blood pressure, and protein excretion in the urine all dropped considerably.

UC researchers find acute kidney injury predicts poor outcomes for dialysis patients
Two University of Cincinnati researchers, in collaboration with other investigators, have found that patients who suffered from acute kidney injury (AKI) in the two-year period prior to going on dialysis were 1 ½ times as likely to die in their first year of dialysis compared to those patients without AKI.

Calcium and vitamin D improve bone density in patients taking antiepileptic drugs
A recent prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial reports that calcium and vitamin D supplementation improves bone density in a group of male veterans with epilepsy who were treated chronically with antiepileptic drugs.

Peripheral prism glasses help hemianopia patients get around
Mass. Eye and Ear led research shows Peripheral prism glasses provide a simple and inexpensive mobility rehabilitation intervention for hemianopia (blindness in one half of the visual field in both eyes).

The Tao of pee
Although we don't often think about it, fluid dynamics touches almost every aspect of our lives, from a billowing breeze that buffets a flag, to swirling river currents that shape canyons to the surging blood that sustains our lives.

Online course improves physicians skill level for detecting skin cancer
Primary care physicians who took an online training course about skin cancer detection significantly improved their skill to properly diagnose and manage benign and malignant lesions, according to a national study from Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit.

Getting to grips with seizure prediction
A device that could predict when a person with epilepsy might next have a seizure is one step closer to reality thanks to the development of software by researchers in the USA.

Study using stem cells to improve organ transplantation to receive $12 million
An innovative Northwestern Medicine research program investigating if stem cells may be the key to allowing organ transplant patients to stop taking immunosuppressive drugs has received $12 million in research funding.

Scientists identify clue to regrowing nerve cells
Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have identified a chain reaction that triggers the regrowth of some damaged nerve cell branches, a discovery that one day may help improve treatments for nerve injuries that can cause loss of sensation or paralysis.

Wireless device converts 'lost' energy into electric power
Using inexpensive materials configured and tuned to capture microwave signals, researchers at Duke University's Pratt School of Engineering have designed a power-harvesting device with efficiency similar to that of modern solar panels.

Researchers regrow hair, cartilage, bone, soft tissues
Young animals are known to repair their tissues effortlessly, but can this capacity be recaptured in adults?

Hartz IV reform did not reduce unemployment in Germany
The Hartz IV reform of the German labor market has been one of the most controversial reforms in the history of the reunited Federal Republic of Germany.

Pregnant woman with limited English speaking skills find comfort in prenatal support groups
Women felt less anxious and better prepared for childbirth and motherhood after prenatal group visits. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to