Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 08, 2013
Repurposed drug may be first targeted treatment for serious kidney disease
A team led by Massachusetts General Hospital researchers is reporting that treatment with abatacept appeared to halt the course of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis in five patients, preventing four from losing transplanted kidneys and achieving disease remission in the fifth.

NASA's TRMM satellite sees Super-typhoon Haiyan strike Philippines
Super-typhoon Haiyan, equivalent to a Category 5 hurricane on the US Saffir-Simpson scale, struck the central Philippines municipality of Guiuan at the southern tip of the province of Eastern Samar early Friday morning at 20:45 UTC (4:45 am local time).

NIH launches trial of investigational genital herpes vaccine
Researchers have launched an early-stage clinical trial of an investigational vaccine designed to prevent genital herpes disease.

Novel LEDs pave the way to cheaper displays
Researchers from the universities of Bonn and Regensburg have developed a novel type of organic light-emitting diode.

Prominent Statisticians meeting in London next week to plan future of the statistical sciences
One hundred leading statisticians from around the world will gather in London next week to map out the future of the field of statistics at the landmark Future of the Statistical Sciences Workshop.

New book from Columbia Business School professor draws connection between jazz and business strategy
A new book by Columbia Business School professor Damon Phillips sheds light into the history of jazz, uncovering some lessons about business strategy and the recording industry.

CTCA doctor featured expert speaker at Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer
Walter Quan, Jr., MD Chief of Medical Oncology and Director of Immunotherapy at Cancer Treatment Centers of America® Western Regional Medical Center is presenting new findings during the Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer national meeting.

Biochar and water to solve problems in West Africa
A combination of targeted, low-tech irrigation and the use of biochar can create a triple-win situatiion for farmers in Ghana.

NASA sees Super-Typhoon Haiyan maintain strength crossing Philippines
Super-Typhoon Haiyan slammed into the eastern Philippines as the strongest tropical cyclone of the year, and today, Nov.

University of Kentucky explores links between Alzheimer's, Down syndrome
The Global Down Syndrome Foundation, the Alzheimer's Association, and the Linda Crnic Institute for Down Syndrome have awarded $1.2 million in research grants to five scientists for innovative investigations that explore the development of Alzheimer's disease in individuals with Down syndrome.

Gut reaction
Texas A&M University and University of North Carolina School of Medicine scientists study the effect of diet complexity and estrogen hormone receptors on intestinal microbiota.

SSI and Aeras announce initiation of Phase I/IIa clinical trial for TB vaccine candidate
Statens Serum Institut and Aeras announce the initiation of a Phase I/IIa clinical trial in South Africa for a candidate tuberculosis (TB) vaccine designed to protect people, especially those latently infected with TB, from developing active TB disease.

In animal study, 'cold turkey' withdrawal from drugs triggers mental decline
Can quitting drugs without treatment trigger a decline in mental health?

High-energy physicists predict new family of four-quark objects
An international team of high-energy physicists says the discovery of an electrically charged subatomic particle called Zc(4020) is a sign that they have begun to unveil a whole new family of four-quark objects.

Hubble catches stellar explosions in NGC 6984
Another star has exploded, forming supernova SN 2013ek -- visible in this image as the prominent, star-like bright object just slightly above and to the right of the galaxy's center.

Researchers uncover origins of cattle farming in China
An international team of researchers, co-led by scientists at the University of York and Yunnan Normal University, has produced the first multi-disciplinary evidence for management of cattle populations in northern China, around the same time cattle domestication took place in the Near East, over 10,000 years ago.

A*STAR scientists uncover potential drug target to nip cancer in the bud
Scientists at A*STAR have discovered an enzyme, Wip1 phosphatase, as a potential target to weed out the progression of cancer.

Edited RNA + invasive DNA add individuality
A study in Nature Communications finds that an enzyme that edits RNA may loosen the genome's control over invasive snippets of DNA that affect how genes are expressed.

NASA sees former Tropical Depression 30W entering Indian Ocean
Now a remnant low pressure area, former Tropical Depression 30W may get new another life in another ocean.

Depression therapy effective for poor, minority moms
Faced with the dual demands of motherhood and poverty, as many as one-fourth of low-income minority mothers struggle with major depression.

CNIO scientists decipher how the immune system induces liver damage during hepatitis
A study published today in the online edition of The Journal of Clinical Investigation, and carried out by Erwin Wagner's team, Director of the BBVA Foundation-CNIO Cancer Cell Biology Programme, shows how the immune system 'attacks' liver cells during hepatitis by using the AP-1 gene JunB.

Allergic to gummy bears? Be cautious getting the flu shot
Do marshmallows make your tongue swell? Gummy bears make you itchy?

Safe long term storage of CO2 is possible
Since 2004, GFZ investigates in an international research network the geological storage of the greenhouse gas.

New test for patients with sore throats cuts antibiotic use by nearly a third
A new 'clinical score' test for patients with sore throats could reduce the amount of antibiotics prescribed and result in patients feeling better more quickly, research in the British Medical Journal shows.

Slacktivism: 'Liking' on Facebook may mean less giving
Would-be donors skip giving when offered the chance to show public support for charities in social media, a new study from the University of British Columbia's Sauder School of Business finds.

And the winner in the battle of the healthier sex is...
There are many differences between men and women. And when it comes down to health, one gender seems to be more prone to allergies and asthma, according to a presentation being given at the Annual Scientific Meeting of the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology.

Penn Medicine receives award from Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute
The Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania has been awarded $1.5 million by The Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute to launch the Mrs.

The great disappearing act: Bone marrow receiver cured of allergy
Not only can bone marrow transplants be life-saving for children with acute lymphocytic leukemia, they may also cure peanut allergies.

Mother's immunosuppressive medications not likely to put fetus at risk
Women with chronic autoimmune diseases who take immunosuppressive medications during their first trimester of pregnancy are not putting their babies at significantly increased risk of adverse outcomes, according to a Vanderbilt study released online by the journal Arthritis and Rheumatism.

You can have a food allergy, and eat it too
Have food allergies? If you answered yes, you know the best way to prevent a severe allergic reaction is to totally avoid the offending food.

Montana State team overcomes challenges, proves that microbes swim to hydrogen gas
Montana State University researchers have published a paper describing their discovery about a speedy microorganism that needs hydrogen to produce methane.

Tracking young salmon's first moves in the ocean
Basic ocean conditions such as current directions and water temperature play a huge role in determining the behavior of young migrating salmon as they move from rivers and hit ocean waters for the first time, according to new research.

Allergic to insect stings: Allergy shots decrease anxiety and depression
According to a study being presented at the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology Annual Scientific Meeting in Baltimore, Nov.

Drug may guard against periodontitis, and related chronic diseases
A drug currently used to treat intestinal worms could protect people from periodontitis, an advanced gum disease, which untreated can erode the structures--including bone--that hold the teeth in the jaw.

Battle against resistant bacteria takes huge leap forward
A new method can indicate which antibiotic and what dosage should be used for treating a given bacterial infection within a few hours.

Holiday health: Asthma with a side of allergies
People with asthma traveling to pet friendly homes for the holidays may want to pack allergy medication along with their inhaler.

NSF awards to UT Arlington researchers will fuel sustainable solutions
Two University of Texas at Arlington professors have received SusChEM grants from the NSF.

Allergy shots during pregnancy may decrease allergies in children
Expecting mothers who suffer from allergies may want to consider another vaccination in addition to the flu shot and Tdap.

Sun unleashes another X-class flare
The sun emitted its sixth significant flare since Oct. 23, 2013, peaking at 11:26 p.m.

Defending food crops: Whitefly experimentation to prevent contamination of agriculture
On November 8th, JoVE, the Journal of Visualized Experiments, will introduce a new technique to aid in the development of defenses against diseases threatening food crops worldwide.

A new scorpion species from ancient Lycia
Scientists discover and describe a new species of scorpion, Euscorpius lycius, coming from the area of ancient Lycia, nowadays the regions of the Mu─čla and Antalya Provinces in Southwestern Turkey.

Save the date: ASA Fall Meeting 2013 in San Francisco, Calif., Dec. 2-6
The sizzle of melting polar ice, the deafening roar of a Formula 1 engine, and the mechanics of tongue twister trip-ups will feature alongside killer whales' night-time hunting ploys, the acoustics of disco dining, and efforts to squelch the squeak of subway wheels at the 166th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America, to be held Dec.

JCI early table of contents for Nov. 8, 2013
This release contains summaries, links to PDFs, and contact information for the following newsworthy papers to be published online, Nov., 8, 2013, in the JCI: Ion channel inhibition limits injury-induced loss of kidney filtration, Researchers identify a histone demethylase associated with non-small cell lung cancer,Antibodies against low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 4 induce myasthenia gravis, Inhibition of Coxsackievirus-associated dystrophin cleavage prevents cardiomyopathy, Differential AKT dependency displayed by mouse models of BRAFV600E-initiated melanoma, and more.

Instrument neglect can lead to 'saxophone lung' in musicians
Reed instruments, such as the clarinet and saxophone, can be detrimental to your health if not properly cleaned.

Volunteers join scientists in finding out who gets rid of cow dung
With more than a billion cows around the world, an immense amount of dung is produced each day.

Polish Academy Of Sciences awards LSUHSC's Bazan Medal
Nicolas G. Bazan, MD, PhD, Boyd Professor and Director of the LSU Health Sciences Center New Orleans Neuroscience Center of Excellence, has been awarded the Professor Miroslaw M.

Snap to attention: Polymers that react and move to light
Researchers are investigating polymers that

Queen's chemists on top of the world with treble success at global awards
Queen's University Belfast chemists are celebrating after winning three global awards for cutting-edge work to remove harmful mercury from natural gas.

TGen-led study reveals TWEAK-Fn14 as key drug target
A cellular pathway interaction known as TWEAK-Fn14, often associated with repair of acute injuries, also is a viable target for drug therapy that could prevent the spread of cancer, especially brain cancer, according to a study led by the Translational Genomics Research Institute.

New therapeutic target identified for ALS and frontotemporal degeneration
A team of scientists led by researchers from the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research have identified a novel therapeutic approach for the most frequent genetic cause of ALS, a disorder of the regions of the brain and spinal cord that control voluntary muscle movement, and frontal temporal degeneration, the second most frequent dementia.

New book on 'Signaling by Receptor Tyrosine Kinases' by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press
Written and edited by experts in the field,

Gut hormone test predicts individual efficacy of gastric bypass
The sensitivity of the GLP-1 hormone, which is secreted by the gastrointestinal tract, can predict the metabolic efficacy of a gastric bypass.

State of residency can increase children's risk of hay fever
If you think your child's stuffy nose is due to an autumn cold, you might want to consider allergies, especially if you live in the southern region of the United States.

Oliver Rinne wins the 2013 von Kaven Award
DFG honors a mathematician from the Albert Einstein Institute in Potsdam for research on the general theory of relativity.

High bat mortality from wind turbines
A new estimate of bat deaths caused by wind turbines concludes that more than 600,000 of the mammals likely died this way in 2012 in the contiguous United States.

Anaphylaxis from shrimp allergy is rare in children
According to a study being presented at the Annual Scientific Meeting of the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology in Baltimore, Nov.

Ion channel inhibition limits injury-induced loss of kidney filtration
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Anna Greka and colleagues at Massachusetts General Hospital determined that mice lacking the ion channel TRPC5 were protected from losing kidney filter function following kidney injury.

GSA's New Orleans briefing schedule covers hot topics for healthy aging
Three press briefings designed to better inform reporters about issues affecting America's aging population have been scheduled for The Gerontological Society of America's upcoming 66th Annual Scientific Meeting.

Reducing 2.1 million emergency room visits, 1 count at a time
Asthma is the most common chronic illness and is responsible for 2.1 million emergency room visits annually.

Vitamin D supplements may improve kidney transplant recipients' health
Vitamin D levels had an almost linear relationship with annual kidney function decline among kidney transplant recipients.

Next-generation semiconductors synthesis
Conventional processes for producing AIN layers run at temperatures as high as 1150 degrees Celsius, and offer limited control over the thickness of the layers.

Oral allergy syndrome and high blood pressure medications can create lethal cocktail
Oral allergy syndrome sufferers that take high blood pressure medications may experience extreme facial swelling and difficulty breathing the next time they bite into a juicy apple.

Study shows veterans psychologically impacted by Boston Marathon Bombing
According to a new study, many Boston-area military veterans diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder experienced flashbacks, unwanted memories and other psychological effects as a result of the Boston Marathon Bombing in April 2013.

Penn study identifies new trigger for breast cancer metastasis
For years, scientists have observed that tumor cells from certain breast cancer patients with aggressive forms of the disease contained low levels of mitochondrial DNA.

Dialysis for the elderly: New evidence from Mayo Clinic to guide shared decision-making
New research from Mayo Clinic finds that half of elderly patients who start dialysis after age 75 will die within one year.

Researchers identify a histone demethylase associated with non-small cell lung cancer
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, MinGyu Lee and colleagues at MD Anderson Cancer Center evaluated histone methylation modifications in NSCLS cell lines and determined that the histone demethylase KDM2A was upregulated in NSCLC cell lines.

Universals of conversation
Max Planck researchers found that words that signal problems with understanding are similar across languages.
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