Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 11, 2013
Biosensor could help detect brain injuries during heart surgery
Engineers and cardiology experts have teamed up to develop a fingernail-sized biosensor that could alert doctors when serious brain injury occurs during heart surgery.

Protein illustrates muscle damage: McMaster researchers
Regardless of the way in which muscle was damaged, either through trauma or disease, Xin was strongly correlated to the degree of damage.

New research identifies why young adults return to the parental home
Researchers from the ESRC Centre for Population Change at the University of Southampton have identified key 'turning-points' in young adults' lives which influence whether or not they return to the parental home.

Obesity among risk factors for delayed lactation in women with gestational diabetes
Pre-pregnancy obesity and older maternal age are among the risk factors for delayed lactation for women with gestational diabetes mellitus, according to a Kaiser Permanente study in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

Better police surveillance technologies come with a cost, scholar says
The widespread use of advanced surveillance technologies by state and local police departments combined with a lack of oversight and regulation poses significant privacy concerns, warns Stephen Rushin, a professor of law at the University of Illinois.

22 million women aged over 50 are affected by osteoporosis in the European Union
A recent report issued by the IOF estimates that more than 22 million women aged between 50-84 years in the European Union (EU) have osteoporosis.

Some 'healthy' vegetable oils may actually increase risk of heart disease
Some vegetable oils that claim to be healthy may actually increase the risk of heart disease, and Health Canada should reconsider cholesterol-lowering claims on food labelling, states an analysis in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal): Replacing saturated animal fats with polyunsaturated vegetable oils has become common practice because they can reduce serum cholesterol levels and help prevent heart disease.

Signal found to enhance survival of new brain cells
A specialized type of brain cell that tamps down stem cell activity ironically, perhaps, encourages the survival of the stem cells' progeny, Johns Hopkins researchers report.

Visualizing the past: Nondestructive imaging of ancient fossils
Well-preserved plant fossils are rare, and traditional techniques to study their internal structure, by necessity, damage the sample.

Understanding ourselves by studying the animal kingdom
Research released today reveals a new model for a genetic eye disease, and shows how animal models -- from fruit flies to armadillos and monkeys -- can yield valuable information about the human brain.

Of hurricanes, fungus and Parkinson's disease
Researchers trying to understand the link between volatile organics and illness discovered a link between one such compound and Parkinson's-like symptoms.

Experts examine success of cognitive behavioral therapy in treating older veterans' depression
Researchers have found significant and equivalent reductions in depressive symptoms for both older and younger veterans undergoing Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for depression, according to an article published in The Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences on November 11.

Swine flu pandemic media pundits with pharma links more likely to talk up risks and promote drugs
Academics with links to the pharmaceutical industry were more likely to talk up the risks of the 2009-10 swine flu pandemic in the media and promote the use of drugs than those without these ties, finds research published online in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.

Discovery may lead to new treatments for allergic diseases
A collaboration among researchers in Israel and the United States has resulted in the discovery of a new pathway with broad implications for treating allergic diseases -- particularly eosinophil-associated disorders.

New research finds high tungsten levels double stroke risk
Using data from a large US health survey, the study has shown that high concentrations of tungsten -- as measured in urine samples -- is strongly linked with an increase in the occurrence of stroke, roughly equal to a doubling of the odds of experiencing the condition.

Green poison-dart frog varies mating call to suit situation
In the eyes of a female poison-dart frog, a red male isn't much brighter than a green one.

An intersection of math and biology: Clams and snails inspire robotic diggers and crawlers
Engineering has always taken cues from biology. Natural organisms and systems have done well at evolving to perform tasks and achieve objectives within the limits set by nature and physics.

First genetic mutations linked to atopic dermatitis identified in African-American children
Two specific genetic variations in people of African descent are responsible for persistent atopic dermatitis, an itchy, inflammatory form of the skin disorder eczema.

Studies pinpoint specific brain areas and mechanisms associated with depression and anxiety
Research released today reveals new mechanisms and areas of the brain associated with anxiety and depression, presenting possible targets to understand and treat these debilitating mental illnesses.

Lumosity study examines effects of cognitive training in students
Lumosity, the online cognitive training and neuroscience research company, is presenting at Neuroscience 2013 on the effects of cognitive training in academic settings.

Princeton study: Military children and their families remain an invisible subculture
With the changes military personnel have experienced since the 9/11 conflicts began, our knowledge of military children and their families -- one of the largest American subcultures, affecting 2 million children -- has become outdated.

7 months of sequestration already eroding America's research capabilities
As congressional budget leaders continue negotiations over Fiscal Year 2014 spending levels, three organizations representing the nation's leading public and private research universities today released the results of a new survey looking at sequestration's impact on research across the country.

Levitating foam liquid under the spell of magnetic fields
Foams fascinate, partly due to their short lifespan. Foams change as fluid drains out of their structure over time.

Problem-solving education reduces parental stress after child autism diagnosis
A cognitive-behavioral intervention known as problem-solving education may help reduce parental stress and depressive symptoms immediately after their child is diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder, according to a study by Emily Feinberg, CPNP, Sc.D., of Boston University School of Public Health, and colleagues.

NSU researcher receives $1 million grant to develop virtual world program to support amputees
Sandra Winkler, who has a Ph.D. in occupational therapy and serves as a faculty researcher and assistant professor for the Nova Southeastern University College of Health Care Sciences, was recently awarded a three-year grant totaling nearly $1 million in funding from the US Department of Health & Human Services Agency for Healthcare Research & Quality to pursue her study.

Scholar: Empower Congress to bolster separation of powers
Congress should actually be empowered in order to uphold the constitutional checks and balances that help to curb overreach by the other two branches of government, says University of Illinois law professor Jamelle Sharpe.

Study shows moms may pass effects of stress to offspring via vaginal bacteria and placenta
Pregnant women may transmit the damaging effects of stress to their unborn child by way of the bacteria in their vagina and through the placenta, suggest new findings from two animal studies presented by researchers at the University of Pennsylvania at Neuroscience 2013, the annual meeting of the Society for Neuroscience.

Uninsured face hurdles choosing health insurance
A new study identifies difficulties for uninsured people who are trying to register for health-care coverage.

Low levels of blood calcium in dairy cows may affect cow health and productivity, MU study finds
Researchers at the University of Missouri have found that subclinical hypocalcemia, which is the condition of having low levels of calcium in the blood and occurs in many cows after giving birth, is related to higher levels of fat in the liver, which are often precursors to future health problems.

Device may help doctors diagnose lethal heart rhythm in womb
A device that records the natural magnetic activity of the heart helped researchers identify abnormal heart rhythms in unborn babies.

Livermore researchers find tie between global precipitation and global warming
A new study by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory scientists shows that observed changes in global (ocean and land) precipitation are directly affected by human activities and cannot be explained by natural variability alone.

Study finds key link responsible for colon cancer initiation and metastasis
An ASU research team led by Biodesign Institute executive director Dr.

Multiple birth pregnancies can cost nearly 20 times more than singleton pregnancies
Investigators analyzed and compared the cost of multiple versus single-birth pregnancies and found that pregnancies with delivery of twins cost about five times more than singletons, and pregnancies with delivery of triplets or more cost nearly 20 times as much.

Brainstem abnormalities found in 'SIDS' infants, in both safe and unsafe sleep environments
Investigators at Boston Children's Hospital report that infants dying suddenly and unexpectedly, in both safe and unsafe sleep environments, have underlying brainstem abnormalities and are not all normal prior to death.

Nurture impacts nature: Experiences leave genetic mark on brain, behavior
New human and animal research released today demonstrates how experiences impact genes that influence behavior and health.

Study may serve as cautionary tale for AFL-CIO, new allies
A new Dartmouth-led study suggests the AFL-CIO's plan to partner with progressive non-union groups may be easier said than done.

IDSA announces new open access journal, names Paul Sax, M.D., editor
The Infectious Diseases Society of America has named Paul Sax, MD, to be the first-ever editor-in-chief of the Society's new peer-reviewed, open access journal, Open Forum Infectious Diseases.

Some 'healthy' vegetable oils may actually increase risk of heart disease
Some vegetable oils that claim to be healthy may actually increase the risk of heart disease, and Health Canada should reconsider cholesterol-lowering claims on food labeling, states an analysis in CMAJ.

CWRU team building an MRI-guided robotic heart catheter
Case Western Reserve University researchers are developing technologies to enable a doctor to see real-time images of a patient's beating heart and steer a robotic catheter through its chambers and ablate trouble spots using the push and pull of magnetic fields while the patient lies inside a magnetic resonance imager.

Researchers discover that the body clock may influence morning peak in adverse cardiovascular events
Researchers from Brigham and Women's Hospital and Oregon Health & Science University have discovered that the internal body clock may contribute to the morning peak in heart attacks and ischemic strokes.

What are you scared of?
What do bullies and sex have in common? Based on work by scientists at EMBL Monterotondo, it seems that the same part of the brain reacts to both.

Expanding primary care capacity by reducing inefficiency
Producing more healthcare providers is often touted as the principle solution to the looming shortage in the primary care workforce.

Hospitals vary in monitoring and treatment of children with brain injury, reports study in Neurosurgery
Hospitals vary in management of children with traumatic brain injury -- particularly in monitoring and preventing the harmful effects of increased intracranial pressure, according to a study in the November issue of Neurosurgery, official journal of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons.

Study is the first to show higher dietary acid load increases risk of diabetes
A study of more than 60 000 women has shown that higher overall acidity of the diet, regardless of the individual foods making up that diet, increases the risk of type 2 diabetes.

November/December 2013 Annals of Family Medicine tip sheet
This tip sheet offers synopses of original research and commentary featured in the November/December 2013 issue of Annals of Family Medicine.

The League of Nations created the definition of refugee
Nearly a century ago, an organisation generally considered a failure created a functional form of administration for refugee affairs together with the International Labour Organization.

EARTH Magazine: The lizard king rises
A newly discovered giant lizard fossil was named after classic rocker.

Understanding immune system memory -- in a roundabout way
While the principle of immune memory has been known for decades, the exact molecular mechanisms underpinning it have remained a mystery.

Rice University method gives accurate picture of gas storage by microscopic cages
Rice University researchers accurately calculate the uptake of gas molecules by synthetic zeolites.

When care is omitted -- new research on a taboo topic
Registered nurses in hospitals often lack the time for nursing care activities, such as comfort or talk with patients or educating patients and relatives.

When your body needs calories, you are more inclined to help the poor
New research shows that hunger affects our attitudes towards the welfare state.

Gun use in PG-13 movies has more than tripled since 1985
The amount of gun violence shown in PG-13 films has more than tripled since 1985, the year the rating was introduced.

Mathematical analysis helps untangle bacterial chromosomes
A team of researchers has analyzed how tangled DNA is unknotted and unlinked during the process of E. coli cell division, an understanding that could improve human health by leading to the design of better antibacterial drugs.

APOL1 gene speeds kidney disease progression and failure in blacks, regardless of diabetes status
A large study co-authored by Penn Medicine researchers published this week in the New England Journal of Medicine found that African Americans with the APOL1 gene variant experience faster progression of chronic kidney disease and have a significantly increased risk of kidney failure, regardless of their diabetes status.

The doctor will text you now: Post-ER follow-up that works
Diabetic patients treated in the emergency department who were enrolled in a program in which they received automated daily text messages improved their level of control over their diabetes and their medication adherence, according to a study published online today in Annals of Emergency Medicine.

Methane-munching microorganisms meddle with metals
A pair of microbes on the ocean floor

Errant gliding proteins yield long-sought insight
In order to react effectively to changes in the surroundings, bacteria must be able to quickly turn specific genes on or off.

Bacteria may allow animals to send quick, voluminous messages
Twitter clips human thoughts to a mere 140 characters. Animals' scent posts may be equally as short, relatively speaking, yet they convey an encyclopedia of information about the animals that left them.

Feast and famine on the abyssal plain
Marine biologists have long been puzzled by the fact that marine snow does not supply enough food to support all the animals and microbes living in deep-sea sediments.

Mainz University collaborates with 3 Chinese universities in research and teaching
The Institute of Sports Science at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz will be collaborating with three Chinese universities in the fields of research and teaching.

Mission to Mars moon could be a sample-return twofer, study suggests
Brown researchers have helped to confirm the idea that the surface of Phobos contains tons of dust, soil, and rock blown off the Martian surface by large projectile impacts.

Overweight, obese are risks for heart disease regardless of metabolic syndrome
Being overweight or obese are risk factors for myocardial infarction (heart attack) and ischemic heart disease regardless of whether individuals also have the cluster of cardiovascular risk factors known as metabolic syndrome, which includes high blood pressure, high cholesterol and high blood sugar, according to a study published by JAMA Internal Medicine, a JAMA Network publication.

Could deceased heart attack victims expand donor pool?
Researchers from the UK suggest that using organs from donors after circulatory death who also suffered a previous cardiac arrest out of the hospital environment could expand the pool of available livers for transplant.

Researchers discover musical history treasure
Database for the first time gathers German oratorios as of 1800 -- conference at the Cluster of Excellence

Nail gun injuries on the rise
Young males in the work environment are at greatest risk of sustaining a nail gun injury to their non-dominant hand, a new study has found.

Putting Lupus in permanent remission
Northwestern Medicine® scientists have successfully tested a nontoxic therapy that suppresses Lupus in blood samples of people with the autoimmune disease.

MU study finds domestic violence more common among orthopedic trauma patients than surgeons think
While recent research published in the The Lancet found that 40 percent of patients in North American orthopedic trauma clinics reported having experienced intimate partner violence at some point, a survey performed by the University of Missouri found 74 percent of orthopedic surgeons substantially underestimate its prevalence among their patients.

F1000Research launch data plotting tool
F1000Research launch a novel data plotting tool at the Neuroscience meeting in San Diego, which enables referees and readers to visualize and manipulate the raw data within the journal's articles.

Less 'brown fat' could help explain why a fifth of the world's population is highly susceptible to Type 2 diabetes
Lower amounts of brown adipose tissue (BAT, or

@Toxicology in the Twittersphere: More than just 140 characters
A valuable role exists for the use of social media in medicine, new research has shown.

New look identifies crucial clumping of diabetes-causing proteins
Subtle differences in the shape of proteins protect some and endanger others.

Becoming a Multicultural Educator awarded the 2013 Philip C. Chinn Award by the National Association
The National Association for Multicultural Education has recently announced that Becoming a Multicultural Educator: Developing Awareness, Gaining Skills, and Taking Action by William A.

Young breast cancer patients with poorer financial status may experience delays in seeking care
Researchers who sought to determine why breast cancers are more deadly in young women found that only a minority of young women experience long delays between the time they detect a breast abnormality and the time they receive a diagnosis, but delays in seeking care are more common in women with fewer financial resources.

Embargoed news from 12 November 2013 Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet
Below is information about articles being published in Annals of Internal Medicine.

PeerJ PrePrints now free for all authors
PeerJ (an open access publisher of articles in the biological, life & medical sciences) announced that all authors can now make unlimited submissions to PeerJ PrePrints entirely for free.

CWRU nursing school turns to alums as patient actors in novel training approach
Alumni from Case Western Reserve University School of Nursing switched roles from being nurses to patients with depression and substance abuse issues.

Sons of cocaine-using fathers may resist addiction to drug, Penn Medicine study suggests
A father's cocaine use may make his sons less sensitive to the drug and thereby more likely to resist addictive behaviors, suggests new findings from an animal study presented by Penn Medicine researchers at Neuroscience 2013, the annual meeting of the Society for Neuroscience.

New cause found for muscle-weakening disease myasthenia gravis
An antibody to a protein critical to enabling the brain to talk to muscles has been identified as a cause of myasthenia gravis, researchers report.

Transcription factor may protect against hepatic injury caused by hepatitis C and alcohol
New data suggest that the transcription factor FOXO3 may protect against alcohol-induced liver injury.

Study examines amyloid deposition in patients with traumatic brain injury
Patients with traumatic brain injury had increased deposits of ╬▓-Amyloid plaques, a hallmark of Alzheimer Disease, in some areas of their brains in a study by Young T.

Changing the conversation -- polymers disrupt bacterial communication
Artificial materials based on simple synthetic polymers can disrupt the way in which bacteria communicate with each other, a study led by scientists at The University of Nottingham has shown.

Transforming the physician workforce through competitive graduate education funding
Graduate Medical Education has fallen short in training physicians to meet changes in the US population and health care delivery systems.

Penn team elucidates evolution of bitter taste sensitivity
People often have strong negative reactions to bitter substances, which, though found in healthful foods like vegetables, can also signify toxicity.

Teen night owls likely to perform worse academically, emotionally
Teenagers who go to bed late during the school year are more prone to academic and emotional difficulties in the long run, compared to their earlier-to-bed counterparts, according to a new study from the University of California, Berkeley.

Obese older women at higher risk for death, disease, disability before age 85
Obesity and a bigger waist size in older women are associated with a higher risk of death, major chronic disease and mobility disability before the age of 85, according to a study published by JAMA Internal Medicine, a JAMA Network publication.
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