Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 18, 2013
Blood growth factor boosts effect of exercise in peripheral artery disease
A blood cell growth factor can boost the effects of exercise in improving mobility for patients with peripheral artery disease, according to results scheduled for presentation at American Heart Association Scientific Sessions.

Drinking more milk as a teenager does not lower risk of hip fracture later
Drinking more milk as a teenager apparently does not lower the risk of hip fracture as an older adult and instead appears to increase that risk for men, according to a study published by JAMA Pediatrics, a JAMA Network publication.

Penn produces graphene nanoribbons with nanopores for fast DNA sequencing
Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania have made an advance towards realizing a new gene sequencing technique based on threading DNA through a tiny hole in a layer of graphene.

Blue gene active storage boosts I/O performance at JSC
Realization of an active storage architecture and integration of non-volatile memory into Blue Gene/Q enables data intensive applications to exploit the performance of this highly scalable high-performance computing system by IBM.

Modeling of internal friction adds new wrinkle to realistic simulation of cloth behavior
Most people try to keep clothing wrinkle free, but computer graphic artists, striving for realism in computer simulations, take pains to be sure clothing wrinkles, folds and stretches naturally.

Study questions hypothermia treatment for cardiac arrest
Therapeutic hypothermia -- cooling the body and brain down to 33 C -- is the method used worldwide to treat cardiac arrest, even though a lower body temperature may raise the risk of side-effects.

Reading the pancreas through the eye
Researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden have found an innovative way to study glucose regulation in the body: by transferring the vital insulin-producing cells from the pancreas to the eye, the latter can serve as a kind of window through which health reports can be obtained from the former.

Optimizing electronic correlations for superconductivity
Researchers find that electrons teetering on the edge of free motion or stuck in place yield optimal superconductivity.

Consistent bed time and wake time linked to healthier weight
Prior research has shown not getting enough sleep can impact your weight, but new BYU research finds the consistency of your bed time and wake time can also influence body fat.

New research finds link between red cell distribution width levels and depression in heart patients
Researchers at the Intermountain Medical Center Heart Institute have discovered a link between elevated red cell distribution width levels and depression in patients being treated for heart disease.

Disney Research algorithms improve animations featuring fog, smoke and underwater scenes
A team led by Disney Research, Zürich has developed a method to more efficiently render animated scenes that involve fog, smoke or other substances that affect the travel of light, significantly reducing the time necessary to produce high-quality images or animations without grain or noise.

Obesity found to be major risk factor in developing basal-like breast cancer
Women who are obese face an increased risk of developing an aggressive sub-type of breast cancer known as

SlipChip counts molecules with chemistry and a cell phone
Limited access to expensive equipment and trained professionals can impede the diagnosis and treatment of disease.

Control malaria by segmenting sleeping arrangements
Better malaria control might come from segregating household sleeping arrangements, according to a new study co-authored by a University of Guelph professor.

Bacteria recycle broken DNA
From a bacteria's perspective the environment is one big DNA waste yard.

Beta-blockers before surgery appear associated with lower risk of heart-related events
Giving beta-blocker medication to patients with heart disease undergoing noncardiac surgery appears to be associated with a lower risk of death and major adverse cardiovascular events 30 days after surgery in patients with heart failure or a recent myocardial infarction (MI, heart attack), according to a study published by JAMA Internal Medicine, a JAMA Network publication.

Respiratory disorder in the ocean
For more than four months, from Nov. 2012 to March 2013, Kiel ocean scientists investigated on the German research vessel METEOR the oxygen-poor upwelling regions in the tropical Pacific off Peru.

Teens who drink alone more likely to develop alcohol problems as young adults
Most teenagers who drink alcohol do so with their friends in social settings, but a new study by researchers at Carnegie Mellon University and the University of Pittsburgh reveals that a significant number of adolescents consume alcohol while they are alone.

Bitter melon extract may have potential to fight head and neck cancer
Preliminary findings show bitter melon reduces cancer cell growth in animal model.

Human error most common cause of birth asphyxia
Findings from a 15-year study published in Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, a journal of the Nordic Federation of Societies of Obstetrics and Gynecology, indicate that human error is the most common cause of infant asphyxiation at birth.

Study asks: Is a 'better world' possible?
Creating communities that are both diverse and socially cohesive may be a pipe dream, a Michigan State University sociologist argues in a new study.

Avoiding poisons: A matter of bitter taste
Authors Zhang, et. al., tested the hypothesis that herbivores -- and their plant diets -- have evolved to have greater number of Tas2r bitter taste receptor genes in their genomes than omnivores or carnivores.

UNH scientists document, quantify deep-space radiation hazards
Scientists from the University of New Hampshire and colleagues have published comprehensive findings on space-based radiation as measured by a UNH-led detector aboard NASA's Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter.

Underwater 'tree rings'
Almost 650 years of annual change in sea-ice cover can been seen in the calcite crust growth layers of seafloor algae, says a new study from the University of Toronto Mississauga.

MicroObservatory catches comet ISON
Comet ISON recently brightened and is currently visible with telescopes or binoculars in the constellation Virgo.

Early surgery for hip fractures in older adults may improve outcomes
Early surgery for hip fractures in older people may substantially improve outcomes for patients, according to the results from a randomized controlled trial in Canadian Medical Association Journal.

UEA research reveals how farmers could mitigate nitrous oxide emissions
Farmers may be able to help reduce emissions of the greenhouse gas nitrous oxide (N2O) by incorporating copper into crop fertilization processes -- according to new research from the University of East Anglia.

More than skin deep: New layer to the body's fight against infection
The layers of skin that form the first line of defense in the body's fight against infection have revealed a unanticipated secret.

Rio World Science Forum tackles science's role in global sustainable development
On the eve of the 6th World Science Forum in Rio de Janeiro, Nov.

Men with prostate cancer who ate a low-fat fish oil diet showed changes in their cancer tissue
Men with prostate cancer who ate a low-fat diet and took fish oil supplements had lower levels of pro-inflammatory substances in their blood and a lower cell cycle progression score, a measure used to predict cancer recurrence, than men who ate a typical Western diet, UCLA researchers found.

Influence of pro-smoking media messages lasts 7 days, study finds
A first-of-its-kind study finds that an exposure to a single pro-smoking media message increases college-aged students' risk of using tobacco for seven days.

Nature: Single-atom bit forms smallest memory in the world
One atom equals one bit: According to this design principle, we would like to construct magnetic data memories in the future.

Amber provides new insights into the evolution of the Earth's atmosphere
An international team of researchers led by Ralf Tappert, University of Innsbruck, reconstructed the composition of the Earth's atmosphere of the last 220 million years by analyzing modern and fossil plant resins.

New hope for victims of traumatic brain injury
Every year, nearly two million people in the United States suffer traumatic brain injury (TBI), the leading cause of brain damage and permanent disabilities that include motor dysfunction, psychological disorders, and memory loss.

Columbia honors Philipp Scherer for helping to define body fat as major endocrine organ
Philipp E. Scherer, Ph.D., has been honored with Columbia's top award for excellence in diabetes research for helping create a new understanding of fat and its role in diabetes/ metabolic diseases.

Would an 'anti-ketamine' also treat depression?
Thirteen years ago, an article in this journal first reported that the anesthetic medication, ketamine, showed evidence of producing rapid antidepressant effects in depressed patients who had not responded to prior treatments.

Refined materials provide booster shot for solar energy conversion
An interdisciplinary team of Engineering at Illinois researchers has set its sights on improving the materials that make solar energy conversion/photocatalysis possible.

Program helps at-risk family members of patients with heart disease improve their own heart health
Family members of patients with heart disease adopted healthier lifestyles and decreased their risk of a cardiovascular event after participating in a program to improve heart health, according to a clinical trial published in Canadian Medical Association Journal.

The big male nose
Why are men's noses bigger than women's? The answer, according to a new study from the University of Iowa, lies in our physiology.

Princeton-Harvard study finds Harlem charter school students more likely to attend college
A school in Harlem is seeing positive outcomes that stretch beyond test scores -- including higher college-acceptance rates and lower incidences of teen pregnancy and incarceration, according to a Princeton-Harvard University study.

Most teen mental health problems go untreated
More than half of adolescents with psychiatric disorders receive no treatment of any sort, says a new study by E.

First EU e-Inclusion map measures the potential for improved digital literacy
An EU-27 survey of intermediary organizations operating on the education, social and employment sectors and providing IT training has produced a first ever assessment of the e-Inclusion intermediary sector.

Chaotic physics in ferroelectrics hints at brain-like computing
Unexpected behavior in ferroelectric materials explored by researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory supports a new approach to information storage and processing.

AGA and Covidien expand innovation partnership to support GI technology research
The American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) Institute announced today that Covidien, a leading global provider of health-care products, recently agreed to expand its corporate grant to the AGA Institute.

Newly developed antidote successfully reversed anti-clotting medication dabigatran
For the first time, an antidote developed specifically for dabigatran successfully reversed the effects of the anti-clotting medication in healthy volunteers, according to research presented at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2013.

Embargoed news from Nov. 19, 2013 Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet
Below is information about articles being published in Annals of Internal Medicine.

Greater density of coronary artery calcium associated with lower risk of CHD, CVD
Michael H. Criqui, M.D., M.P.H., of the University of California, San Diego, and colleagues determined the independent associations of coronary artery calcium (CAC) volume and CAC density with cardiovascular disease events.

High-risk women get breast MRI -- but room remains for improvement
Breast MRI is a new technology that is recommended, in addition to (less-expensive) mammography, for screening women at high lifetime risk for breast cancer.

Therapy using stem cells, bone marrow cells, appears safe for patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy
Alan W. Heldman, M.D., of the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, and colleagues conducted a study to examine the safety of transendocardial stem cell injection with autologous mesenchymal stem cells and bone marrow mononuclear cells in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy.

Researchers develop new approach to identify possible ecological effects of releasing genetically engineered insects
University of Minnesota researchers have developed a new approach for identifying potential environmental effects of deliberate releases of genetically engineered insects.

Bone marrow mononuclear stem cells show no new gains in heart function says TIME study
New data reported by the Cardiovascular Cell Therapy Research Network at the 2013 Scientific Sessions of the American Heart Association in Dallas showed that the use of bone marrow mononuclear stem cells did not improve heart function significantly more at one year than at six months.

Texting your way to weight loss
Tracking information on diet and exercise habits through text messages could save time and improve the likelihood of people sticking with their get-healthy routine, say researchers at Duke University.

Type of cell therapy does not improve walking ability for patients with peripheral artery disease
Joseph Poole, M.D., Ph.D., of the Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, and colleagues studied whether therapy with granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor, an agent that functions as a white blood cell growth factor, would improve walking performance in patients with symptomatic peripheral artery disease (a form of vascular disease in which there is partial or total blockage of an artery, usually one leading to a leg or arm).

Stress reduction through meditation may aid in slowing the progression of Alzheimer's disease
A new pilot study led by researchers at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center suggests that the brain changes associated with meditation and stress reduction may play an important role in slowing the progression of age-related cognitive disorders like Alzheimer's disease and other dementias.

Gene plays major role in suppressing cancer
Adelaide researchers have found that a specific gene plays an important role in suppressing lymphoma, a type of blood cell cancer.

A superconductor-surrogate earns its stripes
Understanding superconductivity -- whereby certain materials can conduct electricity without any loss of energy -- has proved to be one of the most persistent problems in modern physics.

Study reveals potential breakthrough in hearing technology
Computer engineers and hearing scientists at The Ohio State University have made a potential breakthrough in solving a 50-year-old problem in hearing technology: How to help the hearing-impaired understand speech in the midst of background noise.

Addition of certain drugs to diuretic therapy does not improve kidney function
Horng H. Chen, M.B.B.Ch., of the Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn., and colleagues conducted a randomized trial to determine whether, as compared with placebo, the addition of low-doses of the drugs dopamine or nesiritide to diuretic therapy would enhance urine output and preserve kidney function in patients with acute heart failure and kidney dysfunction.

Atrial fibrillation hospitalizations, costs soar in United States
US hospitalizations and costs of care for atrial fibrillation nearly doubled from 1998 to 2010, according to research presented at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2013.

Data show drug being tested to reduce cardiovascular events increased risk of heart attack
Patients with acute coronary syndrome who were treated with the experimental drug varespladib were more likely to experience additional cardiovascular events -- including sudden death, heart attack and stroke -- than those treated with placebo, according to research from the Cleveland Clinic Coordinating Center for Clinical Research.

With board games, it's how children count that counts
Researchers have examined whether playing board games can help children improve math skills.

Mayo Clinic-led study: 2 drugs do not improve kidney function in acute heart failure patients
Two drugs tested in a larger trial did not improve kidney function in acute heart failure patients, contrary to results of smaller studies.

Mutations of immune system found in breast cancers
Mutations in the genes that defend the body against cancer-related viruses and other infections may play a larger role in breast cancer than previously thought, according to a study at the University of Illinois at Chicago.

Pressure cooking to improve electric car batteries
Researchers at the University of California, Riverside's Bourns College of Engineering have redesigned the component materials of the battery in an environmentally friendly way to solve some of the problems associated with electric car batteries.

UT researchers use simple scaling theory to better predict gas production in barnett shale wells
Researchers at the University of Texas at Austin developed a simple scaling theory to estimate gas production from hydraulically fractured wells in the Barnett Shale.

Incentives may spur homeless to save more, Pitt professor's research shows
New research by a University of Pittsburgh professor -- showing that competition can spur the homeless to save more -- offers a possible insight into helping the homeless improve their future prospects.

Better outcomes reported from high-volume providers of complex endoscopic procedure
Patients who seek treatment from physicians who more frequently perform a high-risk endoscopic procedure are less likely to be admitted to the hospital or require a repeat procedure.

Turning problems into solutions: Land management as a key to countering butterfly declines
Currently, butterfly populations in many countries decline at alarming rates.

Boredom research has now become more interesting
Being bored has just become a little more nuanced, with the addition of a fifth type of boredom by which to describe this emotion.

Study finds similar outcomes for repair or replacement of damaged heart valves
New research presented today at the 2013 Scientific Sessions of the American Heart Association by researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania found no difference in outcomes at one-year between two recommended surgical options for treating ischemic mitral regurgitation -- repair of the leaky valve or its replacement with an artificial valve.

New study shows spironolactone reduces heart failure hospitalizations, but not mortality
A late-breaking clinical trial, known as the Treatment of Preserved Cardiac Function Heart Failure with an Aldosterone Antagonist trial, to be presented at the American Heart Association Scientific Sessions, Nov.

Scaling up: Ecuadorian Ministry of Health mobilizes resources to improve maternal and newborn care
The Ecuadorian Ministry of Health is scaling up an innovative essential obstetric and newborn care (EONC) model piloted by the USAID-funded EONC Networks Project in Cotopaxi province.

Biologists find an evolutionary Facebook for monkeys and apes
Why do the faces of primates contain so many different colors, including black, blue, red, orange and white, mixed in all kinds of combinations, and often striking patterns?

Global carbon emissions set to reach record 36 billion tonnes in 2013
Global emissions of carbon dioxide from burning fossil fuels are set to rise again in 2013, reaching a record high of 36 billion tonnes - according to new figures from the Global Carbon Project, co-led by researchers from the Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research at the University of East Anglia (UEA).

Multilevel study finds no link between minimum wage and crime rates
A new study out of the University of Cincinnati is a unique examination into whether public policy on the minimum wage can affect the crime rate.

Manipulation of protein could help stop spread of cancer cells
Understanding how and why cancer cells move away from their original location is important to find ways to stop the spread of the disease.

Pre-op exam, nerve monitor provides valuable thyroid outcomes information
Researchers at Massachusetts Eye and Ear/Harvard Medical School set out to elucidate the electrophysiologic responses LRNs that were preoperatively paralyzed or invaded by malignancy and to use this information for intraoperative management of cancerous RLNs.

2 studies on the use of breast MRI
The overall use of breast magnetic resonance imaging has increased, with the procedure most commonly used for diagnostic evaluations and screenings, according to a study published by JAMA Internal Medicine, a JAMA Network publication.

For anxious children and teens, context counts, UCLA researchers say
UCLA researchers have shown that teenagers with anxiety disorders show increased activity in a specific part of the brain, the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), when they are interpreting a neutral situation negatively.

Small vessel changes in eye, kidney provide clues to risky heart rhythm
Small vessel changes in eye; kidney provide clues to risky heart rhythm.

Promiscuous mouse moms bear sexier sons
University of Utah biologists found that when mother mice compete socially for mates in a promiscuous environment, their sons play hard and die young: They attract more females by making more urinary pheromones, but smelling sexier shortens their lives.

In pandemic, parents who get reminders more likely to get kids vaccinated
A new University of Michigan study found that the state immunization registry -- the public health database that tracks vaccinations -- can be an effective tool to encourage influenza vaccinations during a pandemic.

Women & Infants earns $3 million grant from National Institutes of Health
Women & Infants Hospital has earned a five-year, $3 million grant from the National Institutes of Health's National Institute of Child Health and Human Development to determine the efficacy of a neurobehavioral exam that may help to identify which infants are at greatest risk for developmental impairment.

Cesarean delivery doesn't lower risk of cerebral palsy
Cesarean deliveries do not prevent children from developing cerebral palsy, despite long-held medical and community beliefs about the causes of cerebral palsy, according to new research led by the University of Adelaide.

New treatment more effective at reducing blood clots in brain-injured patients, MU surgeons find
Researchers from the University of Missouri School of Medicine have found that a new protocol that uses preventive blood-thinning medication in the treatment of patients with traumatic brain injuries reduces the risk of patients developing life-threatening blood clots without increasing the risk of bleeding inside the brain.

Ancient, modern DNA tell story of first humans in the Americas
University of Illinois anthropology professor Ripan Malhi looks to DNA to tell the story of how ancient humans first came to the Americas and what happened to them once they were here.

Preterm birth risk increases for pregnant women exposed to phthalates
The odds of preterm delivery appear to increase for pregnant women exposed to phthalates, chemicals people are exposed to through contaminated food and water and in a variety of products including lotions, perfumes and deodorants, according to a study published by JAMA Pediatrics, a JAMA Network publication.

Cranberries have health-promoting properties, new expert review reveals
Cranberries are more than a holiday favorite, given their remarkable nutritional and health benefits.

New models predict where E. coli strains will thrive
Bioengineers at the University of California, San Diego have used the genomic sequences of 55 E. coli strains to reconstruct the metabolic repertoire for each strain.

Vismodegib in basal cell carcinoma: Added benefit not proven
No added benefit versus the appropriate comparator therapy can be derived from the study data submitted.

Microbiologists reveal unexpected properties of methane-producing microbe
Methanosaeta species are so active in some wetlands, they are considered the most prodigious methane producers on Earth.

Tackling early socioeconomic inequality as important as encouraging smoking cessation
Although health behaviors such as smoking are directly linked to the majority of early deaths in the UK, tackling these individual factors fails to address the underlying cause.

'Sensational' barrels in the brain
Scientists at the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai, discovered how the circuitry for high resolution signal processing is wired in the brain.

New ISHLT nomenclature & diagnostic criteria: Antibody-mediated rejection in heart transplantation
Antibody-mediated rejection of the transplanted heart is a recognized clinical complication and a major limitation to survival of patients who have undergone heart transplantation.

Long-term oral contraceptive users are twice as likely to have serious eye disease
Research presented today, at the 117th Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Ophthalmology in New Orleans, has found that women who have taken oral contraceptives for three or more years are twice as likely to suffer from glaucoma, one of the leading causes of blindness which affects nearly 60 million worldwide.

Special issue of Gut Microbes on Helicobacter pylori
A special issue on Helicobacter pylori has been published by Landes Bioscience.

Global warming in the Canadian Arctic
Ph.D. student Karita Negandhi and professor Isabelle Laurion from INRS'Eau Terre Environnement Research Centre, in collaboration with other Canadian, US, and French researchers, have been studying methane emissions produced by thawing permafrost in the Canadian Arctic.

Staying on medication may not translate to avoiding readmission
A targeted effort to help high-risk heart failure patients stay on their medications did improve adherence to drug regimens, but had surprisingly little effect lowering hospital readmission rates, according to a study at Duke Medicine.

National study finds renal stenting does not improve outcomes for renal artery stenosis patients
According to the findings from a national research trial, people who suffer from a narrowing of the arteries that lead to the kidneys, or renal artery stenosis, do not experience better outcomes when renal stenting is used.

Are prisoners with military mettle more likely to toe the line or cross it?
University of Cincinnati research examines whether prison inmates with military backgrounds are more likely to misbehave.

A study led by CNIO validates a new anti-cancer therapy based on cell division
A study led by Ignacio Pérez de Castro, a researcher in the Spanish National Cancer Research Centre's Cell Division and Cancer Group, and its Group Leader, Marcos Malumbres, describes the cellular consequences of genetically deleting Aurora-A, an important target for the development of new anti-cancer agents, in mouse models.

Review finds statin use not linked to a decline in cognitive function
Based on the largest comprehensive systematic review to date, researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania concluded that available evidence does not support an association between statins and memory loss or dementia.

MasterCard announces grant to Weill Cornell Medical College
MasterCard today announced a $500,000 grant to Weill Cornell Medical College to support research efforts designed to end women's cancers.

In enzyme's isoforms, hope for developing heart drugs that improve contractility, prevent SCD
Drugs known as PDE3 inhibitors save many lives by helping failing hearts do a better job of pumping blood.

DIY and save: A scientist's guide to making your own lab equipment
Joshua Pearce has penned a how-to book on the open-source 3D printing technology that could revolutionize how science is done all over the world.

Poultry probiotic's coat clues to ability to battle bugs
Researchers from the Institute of Food Research have characterized the coat of potential poultry probiotic bacteria, giving the first clues of how this may be used to exclude pathogenic bacteria from chickens, and so reduce the use of antibiotics to control food poisoning bacteria

A happy patient is well connected to a doctor
The happiest patients are those who have regular contact with their doctors.

Aalto University to lead an international Lloyd's Register Foundation Research Centre of Excellence
Aalto University, together with three other universities, has received significant funding for an international Research Centre of Excellence for Arctic Technology from Lloyd's Register Foundation.

Drexel study: Consumers order a less unhealthy meal when the menu has nutritional labeling
An evaluation team led by the Drexel University School of Public Health has published a new study in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine demonstrating that customers of full-service restaurants use nutritional labeling on menus to make healthier food choices.

Adult survivors of childhood cancer at risk of becoming frail at an early age
Young adults who survived childhood cancer are more likely than their peers to be frail, according to a St.

A vexing math problem finds an elegant solution
A famous math problem that has vexed mathematicians for decades has met an elegant solution by Cornell University researchers.

Bacteria use lethal cytotoxins to evade antibiotic treatment
Bacteria that cause infectious diseases produce a number of cytotoxins, and an international research team has now found the mechanism behind one of these toxins.

Medication adherence after hospitalization for acute coronary syndrome
Patients better adhered to their medication regimens in the year following hospitalization for acute coronary syndrome when they were part of a program that included personalized attention from a pharmacist compared with usual care, according to a study by P.

VW tops global R&D ranking, but EU companies put in mixed performance
For the first time since 2004, an EU company -- the German carmaker Volkswagen -- is the world's largest private sector R&D investor.

People new to power more likely to be vengeful
New research has shown that people who are not accustomed to holding power are more likely to be vengeful when placed in charge.

Poorer, rural counties have lower CPR training rates
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation training appears to be lower in more rural counties, those with higher proportions of black and Hispanic residents and lower household incomes, and in the South, Midwest and West, according to a study by Monique L.

Among patients with recent ACS, use of enzyme inhibitor does not reduce risk of cardiovascular event
Stephen J. Nicholls, M.B.B.S., Ph.D., of the South Australian Health and Medical Research Institute and University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia, and colleagues determined the effects of varespladib, a drug that inhibits the enzyme secretory phospholipase A2 on cardiovascular risk in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS; such as heart attack or unstable angina).

Without sufficient support, community health centers will drop 1 million patients
A new report by the Geiger Gibson/RCHN Community Health Foundation Research Collaborative at the George Washington University School of Public Health and Health Services examines the impact of federal and state policy decisions on community health centers and their ability to continue providing primary care to the nation's poorest residents.

More than 600 ancient seals and amulets found
Classical scholars from the Cluster of Excellence

Depression in pregnancy: New study shows preferences for therapy over medication
Women with depression in the perinatal period experience a high degree of conflict in deciding whether and how to treat their depression, but strongly prefer treatments other than antidepressant medications, reports a study in the November Journal of Psychiatric Practice®.

Calcium plus vitamin D supplementation does not reduce risk of hip fracture or colorectal cancer
New results are in from the Women's Health Initiative Calcium plus Vitamin D Supplementation Trial.

Faster surgery may be better for hip fractures: McMaster study
Among patients receiving standard care, 47 percent suffered a major complication of death, heart attack, stroke, pneumonia, blood clot or major bleeding event.

Wilson Center awarded European Union grant for synthetic biology work
The Synthetic Biology Project at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars has been awarded a grant to participate in SYNENERGENE, a newly launched consortium of 28 groups supported with $5.3 million from the European Commission's Seventh Framework Programme to engage in the responsible governance of synthetic biology.

Rural and southern regions lack annual training in CPR
Annual rates of CPR training in the United States are low and vary widely across the country, but the communities most in need of training are the least likely to be trained, according to a new study from the Duke Clinical Research Institute.

Spanish scientists are designing a robot for inspecting tunnels
Scientists from Universidad Carlos III of Madrid are participating in ROBINSPECT, a European research project that is developing an intelligent robotic system for the automated inspection of highway and railroad tunnels.

Higher than normal levels of Vitamin B12 may indicate cancer risk
Vitamin B12 (cobalamin [Cbl]) is essential for maintaining healthy bodily function but higher than normal levels (reference range 200-600 pmol/L) may indicate that a patient is at risk of developing certain cancers, according to a study published November 18 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Like other offenses, cyberdeviance and cybercrime seem to start and peak in the teen years
A snapshot survey by University of Cincinnati researchers indicates that cyberdeviance and cybercrime start among teens at about age 15 and peak at about age 18.

National MS Society partners with Accelerated Cure Project Online Forum to drive progress
The National Multiple Sclerosis Society is partnering with the Accelerated Cure Project's Multiple Sclerosis Discovery Forum -- an interactive online community and information portal for researchers and clinicians -- to develop resources and content focusing on progressive MS.

Converting natural gas to liquid transportation fuels via biological organisms
Researchers at Sandia National Laboratories will use their expertise in protein expression, enzyme engineering and high-throughput assays as part of a multiproject, $34 million effort by the Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy aimed at developing advanced biocatalyst technologies that can convert natural gas to liquid fuel for transportation.
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