Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 25, 2013
Offshore pockmarks, Wax Lake Delta, Cabo de Gata, the Siberian Traps: Geology covers the world
Locations studied for this month's posting of Geology articles include New Zealand's Taupo Volcanic Zone; Llaima volcano, Chile; the Mississippi Fan (Gulf of Mexico); the eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean; Wax Lake Delta, Louisiana; the Atlas Mountains of Morocco; the East Antarctic Ice Sheet; southern Tibet; the Longmenshan fault, Wenchuan, China; the Regab pockmark, offshore Africa; the Siberian Traps; the eastern California shear zone; Cabo de Gata, southern Spain; and the northwest Borborema province, Brazil.

Women directors better at mergers and acquisitions
The more women there are on a corporate board the less a company pays for its acquisitions, according to a new study by researchers at the University of British Columbia's Sauder School of Business.

Increasing cropping frequency offers opportunity to boost food supply
Harvesting existing cropland more frequently could substantially increase global food production without clearing more land for agriculture, according to a new study from the Institute on the Environment at the University of Minnesota.

The reality behind Europe's response to climate change
British cities -- unlike their counterparts on the mainland -- are taking the lead in making plans to curb and handle the impact of climate change.

Government grants reduce HIV risks for teenage girls in South Africa
A study, led by Oxford University, finds that government grants in Southern Africa reduce HIV risks for teenage girls.

Brain imaging differences in infants at genetic risk for Alzheimer's
Researchers at Brown University and Banner Alzheimer's Institute have found that infants who carry a gene associated with an increased risk for Alzheimer's disease tend to have differences in brain development compared to infants who do not carry the gene.

Hands off -- please
Behavioral biologists conducting research in the field often depend on state-of-the-art techniques.

The mushrooms, my friend, are blowing in the wind...
Biologists have long thought that the spores produced by a mushroom's cap simply drop into the wind and blow away.

Experiencing awe increases belief in the supernatural
Awe-inspiring moments -- like the sight of the Grand Canyon or the aurora borealis -- might increase our tendency to believe in God and the supernatural, according to new research published in Psychological Science.

Nurse navigators help cancer patients cope early in care
When Group Health patients received support from a nurse navigator, or advocate, soon after a cancer diagnosis, they had better experiences and fewer problems with their care -- particularly in health information, care coordination, and psychological and social care -- according to a randomized controlled trial in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

SAGE partners with leading academic news site The Conversation
SAGE, one of the world's leading independent and academic publishers, today announced an exciting new partnership with a major online news website, The Conversation, to support access to high quality academic research within the mainstream media.

Sounding rocket to peek at atmosphere of Venus
A week after launching a new orbiter to investigate the upper atmosphere of Mars, NASA is sending a sounding rocket to probe the atmosphere of Venus.

Predicting nasopharyngeal carcinoma patient response to radiation therapy
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Yu-Sun Chang and colleagues at Chang Gung University sought to find a way to predict which individual cases of NPC would be sensitive to radiation therapy.

One-third of older adults admitted to ICU deemed 'frail'
One-third of older adults admitted to the intensive care unit were

Electronic cigarettes: New route to smoking addiction for adolescents
E-cigarettes have been widely promoted as a way for people to quit smoking conventional cigarettes.

NASA catches Tropical Cyclone Lehar over the Andaman Islands
The Andaman Islands received an unwelcome visitor on Nov. 25 in the form of Tropical Cyclone Lehar.

Ancient minerals: Which gave rise to life?
Life originated as a result of natural processes that exploited early Earth's raw materials.

Postmenopausal estrogen decline largely unrelated to changes in cognition, mood, Stanford study finds
A new study led by a Stanford University School of Medicine researcher shows that decreased estrogen levels after menopause are largely unrelated to changes in cognitive ability and mood.

UCSB biomedical scientist discovers a new method to increase survival in sepsis
Sepsis, the body's response to severe infections, kills more people than breast cancer, prostate cancer and HIV/AIDS combined.

Science of first impressions: Press briefing for SPSP 2014
The 15th annual meeting of Society for Personality and Social Psychology will bring together 3,500 scientists to share their latest research in 80 symposia and more than 2,000 posters.

Nanotubes can solder themselves, markedly improving device performance
University of Illinois researchers have developed a way to heal gaps in wires too small for even the world's tiniest soldering iron.

A touch of garlic helps kill contaminants in baby formula
Garlic may be bad for your breath, but it's good for your baby, according to a new study from the University of British Columbia.

A step closer to composite-based electronics
Composite materials are of increasing interest to physicists. Typically, they are made of electrically conducting elements embedded in an insulating glass or a polymer matrix.

Archaeological discoveries confirm early date of Buddha's life
Archaeologists working in Nepal have uncovered evidence of a structure at the birthplace of the Buddha dating to the sixth century B.C.

Broken cellular 'clock' linked to brain damage
A new discovery may help explain the surprisingly strong connections between sleep problems and neurodegenerative conditions such as Alzheimer's disease.

The good news in bad news
Psychology shows that it doesn't take much to put you in a bad mood.

Oxytocin leads to monogamy
How is the bond between people in love maintained? Scientists at the Bonn University Medical Center have discovered a biological mechanism that could explain the attraction between loving couples: If oxytocin is administered to men and if they are shown pictures of their partner, the bonding hormone stimulates the reward center in the brain, increasing the attractiveness of the partner, and strengthening monogamy.

Study: Arctic seafloor methane releases double previous estimates
The seafloor off the coast of Northern Siberia is releasing more than twice the amount of methane as previously estimated, according to new research results published in the Nov.

Not so dumb
A new type of gene switch developed at the Weizmann Institute let researchers see brain cells in action.

Researchers describe 1 mechanism that favors rejection in transplantation of porcine cartilage in humans
Researchers at the Bellvitge Institute of Biomedical Research led by Cristina Costa from the New Therapies on Genes and Transplantation group have shown that inhibition of one of the basic components of the complement system protects chondrocytes (cartilage cells) from porcine rejection of xenotransplantation (transplantation between animals of different species).

Search for habitable planets should be more conservative
Scientists should take the conservative approach when searching for habitable zones where life-sustaining planets might exist, according to James Kasting, Evan Pugh Professor of Geosciences at Penn State, including when building terrestrial planet finders.

Study shows marijuana's potential for treating autoimmune disorders
A new study from researchers at the University of South Carolina provides evidence that THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), a principal ingredient in marijuana, may be beneficial in treating those with autoimmune disorders.

Chinese scientists reveal the genomic enigma of desert poplar
In a collaborative study, researchers from Lanzhou University, BGI and other institutes have succeeded in unraveling the whole genome sequence of desert poplar, and the genetic bases underlying poplar to against salt stress.

Beyond encryption: Stronger security for wireless communications
Researchers at the Technische Universitaet Muenchen have proven that wireless communications can be made more secure through a novel approach based on information theory.

How a leftover Thanksgiving dinner gave us LASIK surgery
It was the day after Thanksgiving in 1981, and like most others across the nation, Rangaswamy

Identification of a genetic mutation associated with steroid-resistant nephritic syndrome
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Friedhelm Hildebrandt and colleagues at Boston Children's Hospital identified mutations in gene encoding the aarF domain containing kinase 4 (ADCK4) in 15 individuals with steroid-resistant nephritic syndrome from eight different families.

Drug interactions causing a significant impact on statin use
A new study has found that many people who stopped taking cholesterol-lowering statin drugs were also taking an average of three other drugs that interfered with the normal metabolism of the statins.

Carnegie Mellon leads multi-university project to improve web and cloud computing accessibility
The US Department of Education is sponsoring a five-year, $3.7 million project led by Carnegie Mellon University to develop methods that enable people with disabilities to take full advantage of the resources available on the Internet.

Top 12 Pioneer Awards for seminal work in gene and cell therapy selected by blue ribbon panel
The peer-reviewed journal Human Gene Therapy will celebrate its 25th anniversary in 2014.

Maternal mood disorder and newborn neurobehavior
Researchers from the Brown Center for the Study of Children at Risk, Women and Infants Hospital of Rhode Island, Brown University, in Providence, RI, have now tested the influence of maternal depression and/or anxiety during pregnancy on newborn neurobehavior.

Making sense of sensation in autism
Integrating sensory information through Occupational therapy helps children with autism improve their ability to perform everyday better than standard behavioral therapy.

Co-transplanted cells and treadmill training aids rats with spinal cord injury
Schwann cells (SCs) and olfactory ensheathing cells (OECs) were co-transplanted into rats with spinal cord injury.

Unhappy meals? Majority of very young children in California eat fast food at least once a week
A surprisingly large percentage of very young children in California, including 70 percent of Latino children, eat fast food regularly, according to a new policy brief by the UCLA Center for Health Policy Research.

Rain as acidic as lemon juice may have contributed to ancient mass extinction
Rain as acidic as undiluted lemon juice may have played a part in killing off plants and organisms around the world during the most severe mass extinction in Earth's history.

Nov. 26, 2013, Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet
The United States Preventive Services Task Force found insufficient evidence to recommend for or against screening for oral cancer by primary care physicians in asymptomatic adults, according to an article published in Annals of Internal Medicine.

Turning autism upside down: When symptoms are strengths
A novel approach to treating children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder could help them navigate their world by teaching them to turn their symptoms into strengths.

4 University of Tennessee faculty named AAAS Fellows
For studies that focus on green energy and 3-D printing, four University of Tennessee, Knoxville, professors, including two UT-Oak Ridge National Laboratory Governor's Chairs, are being recognized for their teaching and research.

Got the sniffles? Migraines spike with allergies and hay fever, researchers find
People with migraine who also battle allergies and hay fever (rhinitis) endure a more severe form of headaches than their peers who struggle with migraine, but aren't affected by the seasonal or year-round sniffles, according to researchers from the University of Cincinnati, Montefiore Medical Center and the Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University and Vedanta Research.

Mayo Clinic researchers: Improvement of mood associated with improved brain injury outcomes
Mayo Clinic researchers found that improvement of mood over the course of post-acute brain rehabilitation is associated with increased participation in day-to-day activities, independent living, and ability to work after rehabilitation is complete.

Increasing the number of insured patients is not tied to higher ICU usage in Massachusetts
A multi-institution study led by researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania has found that increasing the number of insured patients is not associated with higher intensive care unit usage in Massachusetts.

Alfred Hornung honoree of internationally renowned Carl Bode-Norman Holmes Pearson Prize
The American Studies Association, the world's largest association devoted to the interdisciplinary study of American culture and history, has awarded Professor Alfred Hornung of the American Studies division at the Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz with the 2013 Carl Bode-Norman Holmes Pearson Prize for Outstanding Contributions to American Studies.

4 Johns Hopkins researchers named AAAS Fellows
The American Association for the Advancement of Science has announced that the Johns Hopkins University's L.

Flashes of brilliance
Spontaneous bursts of coherent light from solid-state materials shed new light on how particles interact and may lead to ultrahigh-speed optoelectronic devices for telecommunications.

Bonding together to fight HIV
A collaborative team led by a Northeastern University professor may have altered the way we look at drug development for HIV by uncovering some unusual properties of a human protein called APOBEC3G.

The inner workings of a bacterial black box caught on time-lapse video
Using a pioneering visualization method, researchers from the UC Berkeley and the Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute made movies of a complex and vital cellular machine called the carboxysome being assembled inside living cells.

Polymer gel, heal thyself: University of Pittsburgh engineering team proposes new composites that can regenerate when damaged
Pitt researchers have developed models to design a new polymer gel that would enable complex materials to regenerate themselves.

Graphic warnings labels on cigarette packs could lead to 8.6 million fewer smokers in the US
A paper published in Tobacco Control,

Tidy knots are faster
The key pathway by which viruses

Balancing T cell populations
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Yun-Cai Lu and colleagues at the La Jolla Institute for Allergy and Immunology investigated the role of the mTOR regulator tuberous sclerosis 1 in maintaining immune homeostasis.

Research: Materialism makes bad events even worse
Materialism makes negative outcomes even worse, according to research co-written by Aric Rindfleisch, the John M.

Teens 'eat more, cheat more' after playing violent video games
Playing violent video games not only increases aggression, it also leads to less self-control and more cheating, a new study finds.

Virginia Tech plant scientist named AAAS Fellow
Plant scientist John Jelesko of Virginia Tech has been named a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Dunn Foundation awards bioscience grants
The John S. Dunn Foundation provides seed grants for interdisciplinary projects between scientists at Rice University's BioScience Research Collaborative and researchers at other GCC member institutions.

A plant which acclimatizes with no exterior influence
Plants have a love-hate relationship with sunlight. While some wavelengths are indispensable to them for performing photosynthesis, others, such as UV-B, are deleterious.

2 new beautiful wasp species of the rare genus Abernessia
Two new beautiful wasp species are added to the rare pompilid genus Abernessia.

Scientists capture 'redox moments' in living cells
Scientists have glimpsed key chemical events, known as redox reactions, inside living cells of fast-growing Synechococcus.

Super SQUID
The smallest, most sensitive measuring device for superconductors was created at the Weizmann Institute.

4 Illinois faculty named Fellows of American Association for the Advancement of Science
Four University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign faulty members have been named Fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

School climate key to preventing bullying
To effectively prevent bullying schools need to understand positive school climate, use reliable measures to evaluate school climate and use effective prevention and intervention programs to improve the climate, a recent paper co-authored by a University of California, Riverside assistant professor found.

Breastfeeding provides babies with iodine
WHO recommends that breastfeeding mothers without access to iodised salt should take an iodine supplement capsule to provide a year's worth of iodine for them and their infant.

Health Affairs Web First articles look at health care across many countries
Shanghai's health care reforms as well as the findings of an eleven-country health care survey are published as Web First articles on Health Affairs' web site in November.

Using microRNA fit to a T (cell)
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have successfully targeted T lymphocytes -- which play a central role in the body's immune response -- with another type of white blood cell engineered to synthesize and deliver bits of non-coding RNA or microRNA.

Insights into type 2B von Willebrand disease
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Marijke Bryckaert and colleagues at the Hopital Kremlin Bicetre determined that the bleeding phenotype associated with vWD-type 2B might be due to platelet dysfunction.

Einstein-Ferkauf researchers secure $2.5 million NIH grant to study diabetes self-management and behavioral interventions
Researchers at Albert Einstein College of Medicine and Ferkauf Graduate School of Psychology, both affiliated with Yeshiva University, and the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene have been awarded a $2.5 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to study a telephone-based approach to improving diabetes self-management and treatment outcomes in primary care.

PCBs still affecting our health decades later
Although PCBs have been banned in the United States since 1979, University of Montreal and CHU Sainte-Justine researcher Maryse Bouchard has found that higher levels of the toxin was associated with lower cognitive performance in seniors.

C-section rate for private patients double that of publicly funded patients
The rate of scheduled caesarean sections among private patients is around double that of publicly funded patients, indicates a study of more than 30,000 women in Ireland, published in the online journal BMJ Open.

Extrovert and introvert children are not equally influenced by plate size
New research by Dr. Brian Wansink from the Cornell Food and Brand Lab and Koert van Ittersum form Groningen University in The Netherlands indicates that extroverted and introverted children respond differently to environmental cues, such as plate size, when it comes to portion control.

Identifying targets of autoantibodies
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Jordan Price and colleagues at Stanford University developed a microarray to identify cytokines, chemokines, and other circulating proteins as potential targets of the autoantibodies produced by SLE patients.

Alzheimer's and vascular changes in the neck
An international research team studying Alzheimer's and mild cognitive impairment is reporting potentially significant findings on a vascular abnormality outside the brain.

'Rare' gene is common in african descendants and may contribute to risk of heart disease
Researchers at Weill Cornell Medical College have found that a genetic variation that is linked to increased levels of triglycerides -- fats in the blood associated with disorders such as heart disease, type 2 diabetes, obesity and stroke -- is far more common than previously believed and disproportionally affects people of African ancestry.

Elsevier announces the launch of open access journal: Urology Case Reports
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, today announced the launch of a new open access journal: Urology Case Reports.

Key guidance document released on transcatheter therapies for mitral regurgitation
Four cardiovascular professional societies today released an overview of transcatheter therapies for mitral regurgitation.

Golden staph paralyzes our immune defenses
When golden staph enters our skin it can identify the key immune cells and 'nuke' our body's immune response.

Mach 1000 shock wave lights supernova remnant
When a star explodes as a supernova, the material blasted outward from the explosion still glows hundreds or thousands of years later, forming a picturesque supernova remnant.

US methane emissions exceed government estimates
Emissions of methane from fossil fuel extraction and refining activities in the south-central United States are nearly five times higher than previous estimates, according to researchers at Harvard University and seven other institutions.

2-way traffic enables proteins to get where needed, avoid disease
It turns out that your messenger RNA may catch more than one ride to get where it's going.

The collared treerunner is more than a single species
The lowland tropics were once though filled with widespread species, while moderate and higher elevations were thought to contain species with more restricted distributions.

AAAS and the University of South Florida announce 2013 Fellows
Six faculty members at the University of South Florida in Tampa have been named Fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS).

Breaking the brain clock predisposes nerve cells to neurodegeneration
As we age, our body rhythms lose time before they finally stop.

University of Massachusetts Medical School scientists re-imagine how genomes are assembled
Scientists at the University of Massachusetts Medical School have developed a new method for piecing together the short DNA reads produced by next-generation sequencing technologies that are the basis for building complete genome sequences.

Common brain cell plays key role in shaping neural circuits, Stanford study finds
Stanford University School of Medicine neuroscientists have discovered a new role played by a common but mysterious class of brain cells.

'The Secret Life of a Lake: The Ecology of Northern Lakes and Their Stewardship'
As you canoe over the placid surface of your favorite lake, have you ever wondered what lies beneath you?

Companies that screen social media accounts alienate job candidates
Research shows companies that screen the social media accounts of job applicants alienate potential employees -- making it harder for them to attract top job candidates.

Important clue to how the circulatory system is wired
A new mechanism that regulates the way blood vessels grow and connect to each other has been discovered by an international team of researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden, and Heinrich Heine University Duesseldorf, Germany.

More pediatric kidney patients are being treated with minimally invasive surgical techniques
More children, like adults, are undergoing minimally invasive surgery for diseased kidneys, with most of the procedures being performed at teaching hospitals to treat non-cancerous conditions.

Rice scientists ID new catalyst for cleanup of nitrites
Rice University researchers have found that gold and palladium nanoparticles can rapidly break down nitrites, a common contaminant in drinking water that often results from overuse of agricultural fertilizers.

Engineers design spacesuit tools, biomedical sensors to keep astronauts healthy
By working with a model spacesuit, a group of Kansas State University engineering professors and students are exploring how medical sensors from home health care can be used in future space missions to keep astronauts healthy.

Elsevier announces the launch of open access journal: Case Studies in Construction Materials
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and solutions announces the launch of a new open access journal, Case Studies in Construction Materials.

Top honors awarded for productivity in a high-performance supercomputer parallel programming language implementation (a first for Japan) and overall performance
RIKEN, Fujitsu and the University of Tsukuba were awarded top honors for productivity in a high-performance supercomputer parallel programming language implementation and the overall performance of the K computer.

MARC Travel Awards announced for the 2013 American Society for Cell Biology meeting
FASEB MARC (Maximizing Access to Research Careers) Program has announced the travel award recipients for the 2013 American Society for Cell Biology annual meeting in New Orleans, LA from December 14-18, 2013.

Graphic warning labels on cigarette packages reduce smoking rates
Graphic cigarette warning labels in the US could decrease smokers to 5.3-8.6 million.

Circadian clock proteins maintain neuronal cell function
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Erik Musiek and colleagues at Washington University School of Medicine asked whether BMAL1 and the rest of the core clock contribute to the maintenance of healthy neurons.

Cervical cancer screening overused in some groups of women
For the past 10 years, clinicians throughout the United States have been performing unnecessary Pap tests for cervical cancer screening in certain groups of women, according to a researcher from Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah.

Chromosomes show off their shapes
Weizmann Institute researchers calculate the shape of a chromosome.

How scavenging fungi became a plant's best friend
More than two thirds of the world's plants depend on Glomeromycota soil-dwelling symbiotic fungus to survive, including critical agricultural crops such as wheat, cassava, and rice.

Dying from a food allergy is less likely than being murdered
A person with a food allergy is more likely to be murdered than to die from a severe reaction, according to a new study.

New tales told by old infections
Retroviruses are important pathogens capable of crossing species barriers to infect new hosts, but knowledge of their evolutionary history is limited.

MARC Travel Awards announced for the 2013 International Society of Computational Biology meeting
FASEB MARC (Maximizing Access to Research Careers) Program has announced the travel award recipients for the International Society of Computational Biology Rocky 2013 annual meeting in Aspen, Snowmass, CO from December 12-14, 2013.

NASA sees Tropical Cyclone Alessia make landfall near Darwin
Tropical Cyclone made landfall near Darwin, Australia on Nov. 24 as a weak tropical storm as NASA's TRMM satellite passed overhead and measured its rainfall.

Killer cocktail fights brain cancer
A novel immune-boosting drug combination eradicates an aggressive form of brain cancer in mice, according to a study in the Journal of Experimental Medicine.

Customized palliative care models improve care and reduce health care costs
For high-risk geriatric patients, improved palliative care that is matched to their changing needs at home can reduce emergency room visits, reduce health care costs, and improve overall care.

Human neural stem cells could meet the clinical problem of critical limb ischemia
New research has shown human neural stem cells could improve blood flow in critical limb ischemia through the growth of new vessels.

Dysfunctional mitochondria may underlie resistance to radiation therapy
The resistance of some cancers to the cell-killing effects of radiation therapy may be due to abnormalities in the mitochondria -- the cellular structures responsible for generating energy, according to an international team of researchers.

UEF study determines reference values for children's heart rate variability
Measurement of heart rate variability is a useful method when assessing the role of the nervous system for heart function.

4 Rutgers professors named fellows of top national science association
Four Rutgers professors are among 388 members of the American Association for the Advancement of Science who have been elevated to the rank of fellow.

Latest research findings offer potential new treatments for acute myeloid leukemia
In two separate studies on CEBPA mutations in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) subtypes, researchers led by Professor Daniel Tenen, Director, Cancer Science Institute of Singapore at the National University of Singapore, successfully identified and validated a gene known as Sox4 as a potential therapeutic target and a class of anti-cancer drugs, histone deacetylase inhibitors, as potential candidates in the treatment of certain AML.

Methane emissions vastly surpass previous estimates
Government calculations of total US methane emissions may underestimate the true values by 50 percent, a new study finds.

Ultra-sensitive force sensing with a levitating nanoparticle
A recent study led by researchers of the Institute of Photonic Sciences achieved the highest force sensitivity ever observed with a nano-mechanical resonator.

Researchers use nanoscale 'patches' to sensitize targeted cell receptors
Researchers have developed nanoscale

Studies find methane emissions in California and US 1.5 times greater than expected
Current official inventories of methane emissions, a potent greenhouse gas released from landfills, livestock ranches and oil and gas facilities, may be underestimated both nationally and in California by a factor of about 1.5, according to new research from the US Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) and others.

Bad proteins branch out
Rice University theorists find that misfolded proteins form branched structures, which may have implications for Alzheimer's and other aggregation diseases.

Study examines barriers to human papillomavirus vaccination among teens
Barriers to human papillomavirus vaccination among adolescents in the US range from financial concerns and parental attitudes to social influences and concerns about the vaccination's effect on sexual behavior, according to a review of the available medical literature published by JAMA Pediatrics, a JAMA Network publication.

Obesity associated with higher risk of hearing loss in women
New research shows that a higher body mass index and larger waist circumference are each associated with higher risk of hearing loss, while a higher level of physical activity is associated with lower risk of hearing loss in women.

New immunotherapy for malignant brain tumors
Glioblastoma is one of the most ominous brain tumors. Despite aggressive surgery, radiation and chemotherapy the outcome of this disease is almost always fatal.

4 NYU faculty named American Association for the Advancement of Science Fellows
The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) has awarded four New York University professors the distinction of AAAS Fellow: Steven Burden, a neurobiologist at NYU School of Medicine; Eric Klann, a professor in the Center for Neural Science; Catherine Milne, a professor in the Steinhardt School for Culture, Education, and Human Development; and Oliver Sacks, a professor of neurology at NYU School of Medicine.

ERC grant awarded to physicist Florian Schreck
Experimental physicist Florian Schreck from the Institute of Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Innsbruck has received an ERC Consolidator Grant awarded by the European Research Council.

ADHD study: Expensive training programs don't help kids' grades, behavior
A two-year study found that computer-based training programs that claim to help children with ADHD succeed in the classroom and in peer relationships while reducing hyperactivity and inattentiveness do not produce significant or meaningful long-term improvements.

2 Cleveland Clinic researchers honored for contribution to science
Cleveland Clinic researchers Richard A. Padgett, Ph.D., and Edward F.

Lowering stand density reduces mortality of ponderosa pine stands
As trees grow larger in even-aged stands, competition develops among them.

Roaring to the moon, Lunar Lion pays launch reservation fee
The Lunar Lion, a moon lander designed and built by the Penn State Lunar Lion team, the only university-led team in the Google Lunar XPRIZE competition, will be sent into space as part of a multiple spacecraft effort coordinated by a new player in the space industry, Team Phoenicia LLC, of Menlo Park, Calif.

Findings not supportive of women-specific chest pain symptoms in heart attack diagnosis
Using chest pain characteristics specific to women in the early diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI, heart attack) in the emergency department does not seem to be supported by the findings of a study published by JAMA Internal Medicine, a JAMA Network publication.

7 Texas A&M professors elected AAAS Fellows
Seven Texas A&M University faculty have been named 2013 Fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in recognition of their scientifically or socially distinguished efforts to advance science or its applications.

Regular physical activity in later life boosts likelihood of 'healthy aging' up to sevenfold
It's never too late to get physically active, with even those starting relatively late in life reaping significant health benefits, finds research published online in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.

Underestimated future climate change?
New model calculations by ETH researcher Thomas Froelicher show that global warming may continue after a stoppage of CO2 emissions.

Coumarins show potency as anti-inflammatory drugs
New methods for the laboratory-scale synthesis of coumarin-based drugs were developed in a recent study completed at the University of Eastern Finland.

Ben-Gurion U receives government grant to establish a National Center for Excellence
BGU will study the erosion of fertile lands, a severe problem in Israel and a global issue.

When the living and the deceased don't agree on organ donation
All 50 states have adopted laws giving individuals the right to consent to organ donation after death via a signed donor card or driver's license, or by enrollment in a donor registry.

UTMB researchers find ear infections down, thanks to vaccine
Researchers from the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston have discovered that, during recent years, several interventions have been introduced aiming to decrease the otitis media burden -- and they've been successful.

JCI early table of contents for Nov. 25, 2013
This release contains summaries, links to PDFs, and contact information for the following newsworthy papers to be published online, Nov.

Western University cancer researcher teams up with Chinese scientists to study chemotherapy
Western University cancer researcher Shun-Cheng (Shawn) Li, Ph.D., has been awarded a China-Canada Joint Health Research Initiative grant from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research.

First large-scale PheWAS study using EMRs provides systematic method to discover new disease association
Vanderbilt University Medical Center researchers and co-authors from four other US institutions from the Electronic Medical Records and Genomics Network are repurposing genetic data and electronic medical records to perform the first large-scale phenome-wide association study, released today in Nature Biotechnology.

EORTC Cancer in the Elderly Task Force investigates appropriate treatment for elderly patients
Many things, not simply chronological age, contribute to treatment tolerance and outcome in older patients with cancer, and these present challenges when determining appropriate treatment.

Drug regimen may eliminate colonization with superbug CRE
Orally administered, nonabsorbable antibiotics were effective in eradicating carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae colonization, according to a new study published in the December issue of the American Journal of Infection Control, a publication of the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology.

Risk of HIV treatment failure present even in those with low viral load
People with human immunodeficiency virus run a higher risk of virologic failure than previously thought, even when their number of RNA copies of the retrovirus per milliliter of blood is slightly above the detection threshold, according to a study by Claudie Laprise at the University of Montreal's Department of Social and Preventative Medicine.

5 Penn faculty earn distinction as AAAS Fellows
Five faculty members from the University of Pennsylvania have been named fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Rochester's Institute of Optics director named Fellow of the AAAS
Xi-Cheng Zhang, M. Parker Givens Professor of Optics and director of the Institute of Optics at the University of Rochester, has been named a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS).

Controlling our circadian rhythms
Most people have experienced the effects of circadian-rhythm disruption, after traveling across time zones or adjusting to a new schedule.

Embolization procedure aids in weight loss
A new study reports that individuals who underwent embolization of the left gastric artery for gastrointestinal bleeding experienced a 7.9 percent decrease in body weight three months after the procedure.

Childhood exercise may stave off some bad effects of maternal obesity
Rats whose mothers were fed a high-fat diet during pregnancy and nursing were able to stave off some of the detrimental health effects of obesity by exercising during their adolescence, new Johns Hopkins research shows.

Certain symptom clusters experienced after surgery for esophageal cancer predict poor prognosis
A new study has found that several months after surgery for esophageal cancer, different symptoms cluster together in different types of patients.

UNC scientists find potential cause for deadly breast cancer relapse
Adriana S. Beltran, Ph.D., a research assistant professor in the UNC School of Medicine, found that the protein Engrailed 1 is overexpressed in basal-like carcinomas, and she designed a chain of amino acids to shut down the protein and kill basal-like tumors in the lab.

Clevelanders: Lighting up in a new way
A new data brief released by the Prevention Research Center for Healthy Neighborhoods at Case Western Reserve University shows that more than one-in-five African-American young adults in Cleveland, ages 18 to 29, routinely uses little cigars.

Swarming insect provides clues to how the brain processes smells
Our sense of smell is often the first response to environmental stimuli.

Cyber resilience metrics needed to meet increased threats
In a recent special issue of Springer's journal Environment Systems & Decisions, Dr.

CSI-type study identifies snakehead
Several Canadian biologists, including two at Simon Fraser University, are breathing a collective sigh of relief after learning that a monstrous fish found in a Burnaby, B.C., pond is not a northern snakehead.

GSA Bulletin posts new studies from China, Egypt and Israel, Argentina, Mexico, California, Appalachia
GSA Bulletin articles posted online ahead of print in November cover sedimentology in the Sinai-Negev erg of Egypt and Israel; petrology in the Tongling area of Anhui Province in eastern China; paleotopography in the Central Andes of Argentina; sedimentology of the Monterey Submarine Canyon, offshore California, USA; geochronology of Volcan Tepetiltic, western Mexico; and thermochronology of the Appalachian Mountains.

Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai awarded $2.7 million from NIH to investigate novel therapy for eczema
The National Institutes of Health has awarded a research team at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai $2.7 million to study systemic treatments for patients with moderate to severe atopic dermatitis, also known as eczema.

Study finds 1 in 10 high school students hurt by dating partners
One in 10 high school youth in the US reports having been hit or physically hurt by a dating partner in the past year, according to a new study led by a Boston University School of Public Health researcher.

Green technology for data centers: Ultra-low Power 100 Gbps ethernet integrated circuit developed
A research team at KAIST developed an extremely low-powered integrated circuit for Ethernet that consumes less than 0.75W of electricity but is able to send and receive data at the high speed of 100 gigabits per second.

Video game play may provide learning, health, social benefits, review finds
Playing video games, including violent shooter games, may boost children's learning, health and social skills, according to a review of research on the positive effects of video game play to be published by the American Psychological Association.

5 IU scientists named AAAS Fellows for their notable contributions
The American Association for the Advancement of Science has awarded the distinction of fellow to five Indiana University faculty members in recognition of their scientifically distinguished efforts to advance science.

Study examines potential evolutionary role of 'sexual regret' in human survival and reproduction
A study finds men regret missing opportunities to have sex, while women feel remorse for having casual, meaningless sex.

The British Sexual Health Survey comes of age
Results published today in The Lancet give the most detailed picture yet of the British population's sex lives over the last 10 years, as part of the third National Survey of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles survey.

Ready, set, space! -- NASA's GPM satellite begins journey
For the past three years, the Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) Core Observatory has gone from components and assembly drawings to a fully functioning satellite at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md.

Clemson research finds chickens offer clues to human birth defects
Clemson University researchers found that chicken eggs can provide a better understanding of human birth defects.

Ludwig scientist Bing Ren elected fellow of AAAS
Ludwig scientist Bing Ren has been named a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), the world's largest general scientific society.

Study: Contented males fare better with the 'ladies'
A first-ever study from the University of Guelph reveals that relaxed, content male mink raised in enriched environments -- cages complete with pools, toys and swings -- are more successful in the mating season.

NSF supports extreme black hole research at RIT with $525,000 grant
Rochester Institute of Technology scientists will simulate extreme black holes colliding -- and the gravitational waves produced from the impact -- to create blueprints for detecting gravity waves and verifying Einstein's theory of general relativity -- an event that could occur within the decade.

EPC secreted factors favorably impact on pancreatic islet cell cotransplantation
Pancreatic islet transplantation is a promising therapy for treating type 1 diabetes, but the majority of cells die soon after transplantation.

UCI, Northwestern researchers create compounds that boost antibiotics' effectiveness
Inhibitor compounds developed by UC Irvine structural biologists and Northwestern University chemists have been shown to bolster the ability of antibiotics to treat deadly bacterial diseases such as MRSA and anthrax.
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