Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 06, 2013
NewLeaf Symbiotics acquires Intuitive Genomics
NewLeaf Symbiotics Inc. an agricultural biotech company, today announced the acquisition of Intuitive Genomics Inc., a leader in the design and implementation of custom bioinformatics solutions.

Penn study delivers protein across blood-brain barrier to degrade Alzheimer's plaques
University of Pennsylvania biologists substantially degraded Alzheimer's plaques in mice brains and human brain tissue by sending a fused protein across the blood-brain barrier.

Study reveals gene expression changes with meditation
With evidence growing that meditation can have beneficial health effects, scientists have sought to understand how these practices physically affect the body.

Clinical waste may prove valuable for monitoring treatment response in ovarian cancer
A microchip-based device developed by Massachusetts General Hospital investigators may greatly simplify the monitoring of patients' response to treatment for ovarian cancer -- the most lethal form of gynecologic cancer -- and certain other malignancies.

Counting the cost of infertility treatment
Although the demand for infertility treatment is rising, the high cost may deter some couples from seeking care.

Human stem cells predict efficacy of Alzheimer drugs
Why do certain Alzheimer medications work in animal models but not in clinical trials in humans?

New study clarifies concerns regarding commonly used anti-nausea drug ondansetron
For the past two years, warnings regarding the possible link between a commonly used anti-nausea and vomiting drug ondansetron and heart arrhythmias have been a source of uncertainty in emergency departments.

The heat is on...or off
Office buildings have an enormous carbon footprint, but often energy is being wasted maintaining empty rooms and spaces at a comfortable temperature.

Taking probiotics in pregnancy or giving them to infants doesn't prevent asthma
Taking probiotics has health benefits but preventing childhood asthma isn't one of them, shows newly published research led by medical scientists at the University of Alberta.

Quality of biodiversity, not just quantity, is key
A new study of biodiversity loss in a salt marsh finds that it's not just the total number of species preserved that matters; it's the number of key species.

Argonne partners with Metropolitan Water Reclamation District to study Chicago River microbe population
Argonne National Laboratory scientists are partnering with the Metropolitan Water Reclamation District of Greater Chicago to find out the typical sources and distribution of microbial communities in Chicago-area waterways.

Cigarette smoking after cancer diagnosis increases risk of death
Men who continued to smoke after a cancer diagnosis had an increased risk of death compared with those who quit smoking after diagnosis, according to a study published in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research.

NIST calibration tools to encourage use of novel medical imaging technique
NIST has developed prototype calibration tools for an experimental medical imaging technique that offers new advantages in diagnosing and monitoring of certain cancers and possibly other medical conditions.

At AGU: Shale sequestration, water for energy & soil microbes
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory scientists will present research on carbon sequestration at shale gas sites, water needs for energy production, climate-induced changes in microbes and more at the 2013 American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, Dec.

New study finds corn oil superior to extra virgin olive oil in lowering cholesterol
Corn oil significantly reduces cholesterol with more favorable changes in total cholesterol and LDL-C than extra virgin olive oil, new research shows.

1 percent of the population is responsible for 63 percent of violent crime convictions
The majority of all violent crime in Sweden is committed by a small number of people.

Quantum effects help cells capture light, but the details are obscure
By studying the behavior of light-gathering molecules used by plants, algae, and some bacteria in photosynthesis, researchers have found evidence that quantum coherence eases ultrafast energy transfers among the molecules.

Gut microbes may be a risk factor for colorectal cancer
In one of the largest epidemiological studies of human gut bacteria and colorectal cancer ever conducted, a team of researchers at NYU Langone Medical Center has found a clear association between gut bacteria and colorectal cancer.

Find A Better Way announces £1 million challenge winners
Two UK research teams have won a share of £1million funding designed to help Sir Bobby Charlton to reach his goal of ridding the world of landmines.

To improve foster care, add a psychiatric nurse to treatment team
Mental health nurses are a valuable addition to the team that treats teens who have psychiatric problems and are in the foster care system.

NASA satellite catches birth of Tropical Cyclone 06B
NASA's Aqua satellite provided visible and infrared satellite imagery to forecasters helping confirm the birth of the sixth tropical cyclone of the Northern Indian Ocean cyclone season.

Frequent cell phone use linked to anxiety, lower grades and reduced happiness in students
Results of the analysis showed that cell phone use by college students was negatively related to GPA and positively related to anxiety.

The gene sequencing that everyone can afford in future
The third-generation sequencing based on nanopore has aroused broad interest due to its advantages of accurate, rapid, low-cost, and so on.

Decreased diversity of bacteria microbiome in the gut is associated with risk of colorectal cancer
Decreased diversity in the microbial community found in the human gut is associated with colorectal cancer, according to a new study published December 6 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Graphene: Growing giants
To technology insiders, graphene is a certified big deal. The one-atom thick carbon-based material elicits rhapsodic descriptions as the strongest, thinnest material known.

Surprising discovery: The skin communicates with the liver
Researchers from the University of Southern Denmark have discovered that the skin is capable of communicating with the liver.

Cancer-promoting protein is vital to safe division of tumor cells
Researchers have caught a protein they previously implicated in a variety of cancer-promoting roles performing a vital function in cell division, survival and development of brain tumors.

Linguists to gather in Minneapolis for national conference
Hundreds of linguistics scholars from across the US and around the world will convene in Minneapolis, Minnesota for the 88th Annual Meeting of the Linguistic Society of America this Jan.

Enzalutamide in prostate cancer: Hints of added benefit
Enzalutamide can prolong survival in certain patients and delay occurrence of bone lesions.

Who's patenting whose genome?
An international project has developed a free and open public resource that will bring much-needed transparency to the murky and contentious world of gene patenting.

Study finds parental stress linked to obesity in children
Parental stress is linked to weight gain in children, according to a new study from St.

Atlantic Ocean's system 90L gets an infrared NASA look
NASA's infrared instrument called AIRS that flies aboard the Aqua satellite gave scientists another look at the clouds and convection happening in a non-tropical low pressure area that's struggling to organize into a sub-tropical or tropical cyclone.

Penn researcher traces the history of the American urban squirrel
In his latest publication, Etienne Benson, an assistant professor in the University of Pennsylvania's Department of History and Sociology of Science, examined how squirrels found homes in American cities, and how the presence of the now-ubiquitous bushy-tailed critters altered people's conceptions of nature and community.

H7N9 influenza virus not adapted to efficient human-to-human transmission
The avian H7N9 influenza virus that emerged earlier this year in China is poorly adapted for sustained transmission between humans, suggesting that the current form of the virus is unlikely to cause a pandemic, according to a new study led by Ian A.

Promising results for Swedish cancer drug candidate
A new study conducted by scientists from the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute at Harvard Medical School and Karolinska Institutet, Sweden presents very promising results for the treatment of the cancer form multiple myeloma.

A virtual factory you can feel
Industrial processes have been mechanized, electrified and digitized. In the next step they become intelligent.

Tougher dies for automotive manufacturing
Forming dies are put under immense strain. Yet by using a laser to alloy their surfaces with filler material you can make them more robust and resistant to wear.

EPA awards $1 million grant to NJIT's Brownfield program
The US Environmental Protection Agency has awarded a $1 million grant to a team of environmental experts at NJIT who offer technical assistance to communities working to transform contaminated properties into clean and productive land.

LSU researcher shows possibility of cloning quantum information from the past
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CU researchers may have discovered a plan to disable Meniere's disease
Researchers at University of Colorado School of Medicine may have figured out what causes Meniere's disease and how to attack it.

New NASA animations show massive rainfall totals from 2013 Philippine Tropical Cyclones
Rainfall data from the TRMM satellite was compiled and analyzed for tropical cyclones affecting the Philippines in 2013 and made into a movie.

Norwegian brain researchers share Horwitz prize
Edvard and May-Britt Moser of the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, and John O'Keefe, from University College London have been awarded the 2013 Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize for discoveries that have illuminated how the brain calculates location and navigation.

What is the link between erectile dysfunction and heart disease?
Erectile dysfunction (ED) is caused by the inability of the artery that supplies blood to the penis to expand and contract properly.

Stanford scientists probe abandoned mine for clues about permanent CO2 sequestration
An abandoned mineral mine near Stanford University is providing geoscientists new insights on how to permanently entomb greenhouse gas emissions in the Earth.

Coal yields plenty of graphene quantum dots
Coal is a cost-effective source of abundant graphene quantum dots for photovoltaic, medical, electronic and sensing applications.
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