Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 11, 2013
Boston Hospital Trio awarded $25 million NIH grant to study critical limb ischemia
A team of researchers from Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston Medical Center and Massachusetts General Hospital has been awarded $25 million by the National Institutes of Health to conduct a four-year, randomized clinical trial -- the BEST-CLI Trial (Best Endovascular versus Best Surgical Therapy in Patients with Critical Limb Ischemia).

Pilot program study finds that pediatric obesity patients like telehealth services
A pilot program offering telehealth technology to pediatric obesity patients found that a great majority of pediatric patients were satisfied with their telehealth appointment.

SIR 2014: Preparing interventional radiology for new era in health care
The Society of Interventional Radiology will hold its 39th Annual Scientific Meeting March 22-27, 2014, in San Diego.

Hydrogen-powered invasion
Although mankind is only just beginning to use hydrogen as an energy source, the concept has been established in nature for a long time.

Precise docking sites for cells
The Petri dish is a classical biological laboratory device, but it is no ideal living environment for many types of cells.

6 Installation Grants awarded
Six life science researchers will receive the 2013 EMBO Installation Grants.

Researchers to present event-free and overall survival results from NeoALTTO trial
Results from the initial analysis of event-free and overall survival for patients enrolled in the randomized, phase III Neoadjuvant Lapatinib and/or Trastuzumab Treatment Optimization (NeoALTTO) trial are to be presented here at the 2013 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium, held Dec.

NASA's TRMM satellite sees powerful storms in Tropical Cyclone Madi
NASA's TRMM satellite spotted heavy rainfall and very high cloud tops in strong thunderstorms in the southern quadrant of Tropical Cyclone Madi on Dec.

In search of a treatment for a rare bone cancer
Johns Hopkins researchers say that a drug approved to treat lung cancer substantially shrank tumors in mice that were caused by a rare form of bone cancer called chordoma.

Exercise protects against aggressive breast cancer in black women
A nearly 20-year observational study involving more than 44,700 black women nationwide found that regular vigorous exercise offers significant protection against development of the most aggressive subtypes of breast cancer.

Robot representatives open doors for the isolated
Psychologists from the University of Exeter are leading a major project looking at how robots can enable people to interact in public spaces -- without actually being there.

Office holiday parties highlight racial dissimilarities and fail to promote team unity
With the holiday season upon us, companies across the country are excitedly coordinating holiday office parties to celebrate a year's worth of work and provide a social setting that can build stronger bonds among employees.

Choreographed stages of Salmonella infection revealed by Liverpool scientists
Scientists have used a new method to map the response of every salmonella gene to conditions in the human body, providing new insight into how the bacteria triggers infection.

Arctic cyclones more common than previously thought
From 2000 to 2010, about 1,900 cyclones churned across the top of the world each year, leaving warm water and air in their wakes -- and melting sea ice in the Arctic Ocean.

Turning a blind eye
Would you let other people's ethical preferences determine whether you act unethically on their behalf?

Variety of genetic risk behind bone cancer in dogs
Bone cancer in dogs is affected by a variety of genetic risk factors.

Keeping growth in check
Researchers from the Laboratory of Cancer Metabolism led by George Thomas at the Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute, the Catalan Institute of Oncology and the Division of Hematology/ Oncology, University of Cincinnati, have shown that loss of either one of two tumor suppressors, ribosomal proteins RPL5 or RPL11, fail to induce cell-cycle arrest, but prevent the proliferation of cells as they have a reduced capacity to synthesize proteins.

LSUHSC's Honore earns national public health excellence award
Peggy A. Honore, DHA, the AmeriHealth Mercy -- General Russel Honoré Endowed Professor at the LSUHSC School of Public Health's Health Policy & System Management Program, has been awarded the 2013 Excellence in Health Administration Award by the Health Administration Section of the American Public Health Association.

Beating superbugs at their own game
For his creative work in evolutionary systems biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology assistant professor Jeff Gore, Ph.D., is the Pew Charitable Trusts' biomedical researcher of the month.

Researchers at Penn show optimal framework for heartbeats
There is an optimal amount of strain that a beating heart can generate and still beat at its usual rate, once per second.

East Antarctica is sliding sideways
It's official: East Antarctica is pushing West Antarctica around. Now that West Antarctica is losing weight -- that is, billions of tons of ice per year -- its softer mantle rock is being nudged westward by the harder mantle beneath East Antarctica.

Study finds biomaterials repair human heart
Clemson University biological sciences student Meghan Stelly and her father, Alabama cardiovascular surgeon Terry Stelly, investigated a biomedical application following a coronary artery bypass surgery and found that the application allowed the human body to regenerate its own tissue.

New dementia diagnosis tools possible with £5 million engineering funding
Health ministers from the G8 nations will meet in London Dec.

Poverty influences children's early brain development
Poverty may have direct implications for important, early steps in the development of the brain, saddling children of low-income families with slower rates of growth in two key brain structures, according to researchers from the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Gene-silencing data now publicly available to help scientists better understand disease
For the first time, large-scale information on the biochemical makeup of small interfering RNA molecules is available publicly.

Not all species age the same; humans may be outliers
Adult humans get weaker as they age and then die, but that's not the typical pattern across species.

Rare gene variants double risk for Alzheimer's disease
A team of researchers led by Washington University School of Medicine in St.

NPL and Arden Photonics use phone camera technology for compact laser measurement device
Liquid lens technology, originally developed for mobile phone cameras, allows for quick, accurate and cost-effective measurement of laser beams.

Drug Repurposing, Rescue, and Repositioning: A groundbreaking new journal from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers is pleased to announce Drug Repurposing, Rescue, and Repositioning, a dynamic new peer-reviewed journal that will present techniques and tools for finding new uses for approved drugs.

Alpine glacier, unchanged for thousands of years, now melting
Less than 20 miles from the site where melting ice exposed the 5,000-year-old body of Ötzi the Iceman, scientists have discovered new and compelling evidence that the Italian Alps are warming at an unprecedented rate.

1 protein, 2 personalities: Penn team identifies new mechanism of cancer spread
A new finding by University of Pennsylvania scientists has identified key steps that trigger the disintegration of cellular regulation that leads to cancer.

2014 Joint Mathematics Meetings Jan. 15-18 in Baltimore
The largest mathematics meeting in the world will take place Jan.

Post-Sandy, Long Island barrier systems appear surprisingly sound
Results of a rapid response marine geophysical survey off Long Island following Hurricane Sandy show that despite the devastation on land, Sandy did not significantly disrupt the offshore barrier system that protects Long Island from long-term erosion.

Harvard study shows sprawl threatens water quality, climate protection, and land conservation gains
A groundbreaking study by Harvard University's Harvard Forest and the Smithsonian Institution reveals that, if left unchecked, recent trends in the loss of forests to development will undermine significant land conservation gains in Massachusetts, jeopardize water quality, and limit the natural landscape's ability to protect against climate change.

The mystery of lizard breath
Air flows mostly in a one-way loop through the lungs of monitor lizards -- a breathing method shared by birds, alligators and presumably dinosaurs, according to a new University of Utah study.

Magpie parents know a baby cuckoo when they see one
Cuckoos that lay their eggs in a magpie's nest so that their chicks can be raised by the latter better hope that their young are not raised together with other magpies.

HIV causes structural heart disease
The findings support the introduction of cardiovascular screening in all HIV patients, particularly those with a positive blood viral load.

Upper Rio Grande impact assessment reveals potential growing gap in water supply and demand
The Upper Rio Grande Impact Assessment found temperatures will increase four to six degrees Fahrenheit by the end of the 21st century.

Hormones in the crosshairs
When it comes to hunting, anthropologists and evolutionary scientists have long wondered -- and debated -- what, exactly, is the motivating factor behind hunting.

Are younger women more likely to have and die from a heart attack?
Young women, ages 55 years or below, are more likely to be hospitalized for an acute myocardial infarction and to die within the first 30 days than men in the same age group, according to a new study published in Journal of Women's Health.

Pregnant job applicants can act to dispel discriminatory stereotypes
Pregnant women are more likely to experience discrimination in the job search process than nonpregnant women, but they can minimize bias by addressing negative pregnancy stereotypes in the application process.

Central to evaluating researchers, publication citations reflect gender bias, barrier to women
Whether from the trickle-down effects of having fewer female elders in science or the increased opportunities for male researchers to participate in international collaborations, barriers to women in science remain widespread worldwide, according to new work led by Indiana University School of Informatics and Computing professors.

Dementia risk greatest for older Native-Americans and African-Americans with diabetes
In the first study to look at racial and ethnic differences in dementia risk among older adults with Type 2 diabetes, researchers found that dementia was much higher among Native-Americans and African-Americans and lowest among Asian-Americans.

Brain trauma raises risk of later PTSD in active-duty Marines
In a novel study of US Marines investigating the association between traumatic brain injury (TBI) and the risk of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) over time, a team of scientists led by researchers from the Veterans Affairs San Diego Healthcare System and University of California, San Diego School of Medicine report that TBIs suffered during active-duty deployment to Iraq and Afghanistan were the greatest predictor for subsequent PTSD, but found pre-deployment PTSD symptoms and high combat intensity were also significant factors.

New labs sprouting up to test cannabis -- and the law
Grandaddy Purple, Blueberry Yum Yum and other pot products may now be legal for medical use in 20 states and the District of Columbia, but how do patients know what dose they're really getting and whether it's safe?

Combined therapy linked to lower chance of recurrence in women with small, HER2+ breast cancers
In a new study, women with relatively small, HER2-positive breast tumors who received a combination of lower-intensity chemotherapy and a targeted therapy following surgery or radiation therapy were very unlikely to have the cancer recur within a few years of treatment, investigators at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and other research centers will report at the 2013 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium.

Is Israel's influence on US policy waning?
Theodore Sasson, author of the recently published book,

Benefit of breast cancer screening more consistent across studies than previously understood
Re-examination of data from four large studies of the benefits and harms of mammography screening shows that the benefits are more consistent across these studies than previously understood and that all the studies indicate a substantial reduction in breast cancer mortality with screening, according to results presented here at the 2013 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium, held Dec.

Dietary amino acids relieve sleep problems after traumatic brain injury in animals
Scientists who fed a cocktail of key amino acids to mice improved sleep disturbances caused by brain injuries in the animals.

NASA reveals new results from inside the ozone hole
NASA scientists have revealed the inner workings of the ozone hole that forms annually over Antarctica and found that declining chlorine in the stratosphere has not yet caused a recovery of the ozone hole.

Aspartame passes stiff review by European Food Safety Authority
The widely used no-calorie sweetener, aspartame, has been deemed safe for consumption at current levels by the European Food Safety Authority.

Researchers uncover mechanism controlling Tourette syndrome tics
A mechanism in the brain which controls tics in children with Tourette syndrome has been discovered by scientists at the University of Nottingham.

Hipster, surfer or biker? Computers may soon be able to tell the difference
Are you a hipster, surfer or biker? What is your urban tribe?

Canadian researchers lead groundbreaking discovery in deadly childhood cancer
A new study by Canadian researchers may pave the way for more effective treatment of an aggressive and deadly type of brain tumour, known as ETMR/ETANTR.

Johns Hopkins researchers identify a new way to predict the prognosis for heart failure patients
Johns Hopkins researchers have identified a new way to predict which heart failure patients are likely to see their condition get worse and which ones have a better prognosis.

Orbital samples with sight-saving potential
Two recent investigations examined mechanisms that may explain eye changes in spaceflight, help find ways to minimize this health risk to astronauts and eventually prevent and treat eye diseases on Earth.

Herceptin plus taxol highly effective in lower-risk breast cancer patients
A remarkable 98.7 percent of certain lower-risk breast cancer patients were cancer free for at least three years after taking a combination of the drugs Herceptin and Taxol, a study has found.

UK Biobank study shows dad's influence on birth weight linked to diabetes genes
One of the first studies to use recently released data from the UK Biobank has provided the strongest evidence yet for a link between fathers' diabetes and low birth weight.

Congregations' smaller racial groups feel less belonging and are less involved, Baylor study finds
People who are part of a congregation's largest racial group are more likely to feel they belong and be more involved -- regardless of whether their group is barely half or nearly all of the members, a Baylor University study shows.

Trained airport checkpoint screeners miss rare targets
Holiday travelers will be relieved to know that security threats are rarely encountered at airport checkpoints.

New analysis shows that physician scientists are less likely to be engaged in biomedical research than in past
A new analysis published in The FASEB Journal describes the declining participation of physician scientists in biomedical research.

E-ELT construction work to start
At a ceremony at ESO's Vitacura offices in Santiago on 9 Dec.

Mounting challenges undermine parenting
New findings from a long-running study of nearly 1,300 rural children by UNC's Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute reveal that parenting deteriorates when families face a number of risk factors at once.

High levels of immune cells in tumors may ID breast cancer pts most likely benefit from trastuzumab
Women with HER2-positive breast cancer who had the highest levels of immune cells in their tumors gained the most benefit from presurgery treatment with chemotherapy and trastuzumab, according to results presented here at the 2013 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium, held Dec.

CCS issues guidelines to improve early diagnosis & effective treatment of heart failure in children
Heart failure in children is an important cause of childhood health problems and death.

NYU student cybersecurity researchers take honors at computer conferences
Student cybersecurity researchers from the Polytechnic Institute of New York University and their faculty mentors received two prestigious awards from the Association for Computing Machinery for advancing the current knowledge about how to harden the design of integrated circuits to help prevent reverse engineering, which costs the semiconductor industry billions in lost revenue each year.

Evidence mounts for endometrial cancer tumor testing to identify women with Lynch syndrome
Next to colorectal cancer, endometrial cancer is the most common form of cancer in women with Lynch syndrome.

Picturing pain could help unlock its mysteries and lead to better treatments
Understanding the science behind pain, from a simple

Brief laser-light treatment may significantly improve effectiveness of influenza vaccines
Pretreating the site of intradermal vaccination with near-infrared laser light may substantially improve vaccine effectiveness without the adverse effects of chemical additives currently used to boost vaccine efficacy.

Differences in educational achievement owe more to genetics than environment
The degree to which students' exam scores differ owes more to their genes than to their teachers, schools or family environments, according to new research from King's College London published today in PLOS ONE.

Older mice fed wolfberries show reduced risk for flu virus with vaccine
In a study of older mice, wolfberries appear to interact with the influenza vaccine to offer additional protection against the flu virus.

New system allows for high-accuracy, through-wall, 3-D motion tracking
A new system allows for high-accuracy, through-wall, 3-D motion tracking.

New guidelines for severe asthma provide an updated definition of the disease and a new plan to tack
A new guideline has provided an updated definition of severe asthma along with new recommendations for treating the condition.

Scientists discover chemical modification in human malaria parasite DNA
University of California, Riverside researchers who are trying to understand the biology of Plasmodium, the human malaria parasite, have discovered a potential weakness--low levels of DNA methylation in Plasmodium's genome that may be critical to the survival of the parasite.

Toxic substances in banana plants kill root pests
An international team of researchers has discovered that some banana varieties accumulate specific plant toxins in the immediate vicinity of root tissue that has been attacked by the parasitic nematode Radopholus similis.

Multi-gene test could help spot breast cancer patients most at risk
A new test may help physicians identify patients with the most lethal forms of triple-negative breast cancer.

Carbon capture technology could be vital for climate targets
The future availability of carbon capture and storage will be pivotal in reaching ambitious climate targets, according to a new comprehensive study of future energy technologies from IIASA, the Potsdam Institute for Climate Change, and the Stanford Energy Modeling Forum.

A new material for solar panels could make them cheaper, more efficient
A unique solar panel design made with a new ceramic material points the way to potentially providing sustainable power cheaper, more efficiently, and requiring less manufacturing time.

Queen's leads 6-million-euro European study to combat bowel cancer
Queen's University has announced it is to lead a 6 million euro European study to find new treatments for bowel cancer.

IU-designed probe opens new path for drug development against leading STD
Biochemical sleuthing by an Indiana University graduate student has ended a nearly 50-year-old search to find a megamolecule in bacterial cell walls commonly used as a target for antibiotics, but whose presence had never been identified in the bacterium responsible for the most commonly reported sexually transmitted disease in the United States.

Avoiding radiotherapy is an option for some older patients with breast cancer
Omission of radiotherapy is a reasonable option for women age 65 or older who receive hormone therapy after breast-conserving surgery for hormone receptor-positive, axillary node-negative breast cancer, according to results of the PRIME 2 trial presented here at the 2013 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium, held Dec.

Spectrum Health to offer implantable neurostimulator for hard-to-treat epilepsy patients
Spectrum Health will be the first health system in West Michigan and among the first in the nation to offer treatment with a newly FDA-approved device that uses electric stimulation of the brain for adult epilepsy patients whose seizures have not responded to medication.

Tumor-suppressing genes could play important role in obesity, diabetes and cancer
Two tumor-suppressing genes are key proteins in regulating the formation and function of fat tissue in the body and their function could play a vital role in helping to control obesity and other diseases such as diabetes, heart disease and cancer.

Gender identity and single-sex schools
New research from Concordia University shows not everyone benefits from single-sex education -- especially not those who don't conform to gender norms.

Bacterium infecting cystic fibrosis patients genetically evolves to live in lungs and evade antibiotic treatments
The bacterium that's the most important pathogen in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) has genetically evolved and adapted to survive in CF-infected lungs and evade antibiotic treatments, scientists from the University of Ottawa and the University of Calgary have shown.

Cancer 'avalanche effect' refuted
First, the number of chromosomes in a cell changes, then an avalanche of further mutations occur that transform the cell into a cancer cell, according to a well-known -- but untested -- theory.

IceBridge wraps up successful Antarctic campaign
NASA' Operation IceBridge's 2013 Antarctic campaign came to a close after NASA's P-3 research aircraft returned to its home base, NASA's Wallops Flight Facility in Wallops Island, Va., on Dec.

European Innovation Prize for Fraunhofer
Technology can assist in compiling history. Fraunhofer researchers receive the European Innovation Prize from the European Association of Research and Technology Organisations on Dec.

UNL-led team finds less is more with adding graphene to nanofibers
Collaborative research led by materials engineers at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln finds new way to pack more graphene, a supermaterial, into structural composites.

UT Southwestern scientist honored as rising star in Texas research
The Academy of Medicine, Engineering and Science of Texas selected Dr.

Researchers named to National Academy of Inventors
Three University of Utah Health Sciences faculty members whose research has resulted in major disease-related discoveries, numerous patents, biomedical inventions, and startup companies have been named fellows of the National Academy of Inventors.

Musical myth
Though it has been embraced by everyone from advocates for arts education to parents hoping to encourage their kids to stick with piano lessons, two new studies conducted by Harvard researchers show no effect of music training on the cognitive abilities of young children.

Leaner Fourier transforms
A new algorithm performs Fourier transforms using a minimal number of samples.

Skip the balloon after placing carotid stent, surgeons suggest
Johns Hopkins surgeons say skipping one commonly taken step during a routine procedure to insert a wire mesh stent into a partially blocked carotid artery appears to prevent patients from developing dangerously low blood pressure, an extremely slow heart rate or even a stroke or heart attack.

Asia Pacific must prepare for catastrophic increase in fragility fractures
A new report launched today by the IOF shows that osteoporosis is a serious problem throughout the Asia Pacific, with the number of fracture sufferers to rise dramatically in the coming decades.

Personal care products are possible sources of potentially harmful parabens for babies
Through lotions, shampoos and other personal care products, infants and toddlers are likely becoming exposed to potentially harmful substances, called parabens, at an even higher level than adult women in the US, researchers have reported.

ASU researchers discover chameleons use colorful language to communicate
To protect themselves, some animals rapidly change color when their environments change, but chameleons change colors in unusual ways when they interact with other chameleons.

Diabetes link with dementia to be examined
It is well known that Type 2 diabetes raises the risk of dementia.

Professor Len Harrison wins JDRF Australia Lifetime Achievement Award
Diabetes researcher professor Len Harrison has been awarded the 2013 JDRF Australia Lifetime Research Achievement Award for his research to improve treatments for people with diabetes, or prevent its development.

Negative resistivity leads to positive resistance in the presence of a magnetic field
In a paper appearing in Nature's Scientific Reports, Dr. Ramesh Mani, professor of physics and astronomy at Georgia State University, reports that, in the presence of a magnetic field, negative resistivity can produce a positive resistance, along with a sign reversal in the Hall effect, in GaAs/AlGaAs semiconductor devices.

Half of psychiatrists reject private and federal insurance, preferring cash
Access to mental health care has become a prominent issue in Congress following mass shootings around the country.

Staph can lurk deep within nose, Stanford study finds
Scientists at the Stanford University School of Medicine have revealed that formerly overlooked sites deep inside the nose may be reservoirs for Staphylococcus aureus, a major bacterial cause of disease.

Sleep-deprived mice show connections among lack of shut-eye, diabetes, age
For the first time, researchers describe the effect of sleep deprivation on the unfolded protein response in peripheral tissue.

Researchers discover common cell wall component in Chlamydia bacteria
Researchers studying Chlamydia trachomatis bacteria, which cause the sexually transmitted infection chlamydia as well as infectious blindness, have confirmed that the bacteria contain -- and, in fact, cannot function without -- the common molecule peptidoglycan, a structural component found in the cell wall of many bacteria.

Study uncovers new evidence for assessing tsunami risk from very large volcanic island landslides
The risk posed by tsunami waves generated by Canary Island landslides may need to be re-evaluated, according to researchers at the National Oceanography Centre.

Skin's own cells offer hope for new ways to repair wounds and reduce impact of aging on the skin
Scientists at King's College London have, for the first time, identified the unique properties of two different types of cells, known as fibroblasts, in the skin -- one required for hair growth and the other responsible for repairing skin wounds.

Liquid to gel to bone
Rice bioengineers have developed a hydrogel scaffold for craniofacial bone tissue regeneration that starts as a liquid, solidifies into a gel in the body and liquefies again for removal.

Dietary amino acids improve sleep problems in mice with traumatic brain injury
Scientists have discovered how to fix sleep disturbances in mice with traumatic brain injuries -- a discovery that could lead to help for hundreds of thousands of people who have long-term and debilitating sleep and wakefulness issues after they suffer concussions.

CNIO study chosen as discovery of the year in regenerative medicine
The prestigious journal Nature Medicine has taken a look at the year and chosen one of the Spanish National Cancer Research Centre's studies as the most important in the stem cell category for its special Dec. edition.

Even when test scores go up, some cognitive abilities don't
MIT neuroscientists find even high-performing schools don't influence their students' abstract reasoning.

Patients with metastatic breast cancer may not benefit from surgery and radiation after chemotherapy
After a response to initial chemotherapy, treatment with radiotherapy and surgical removal of the breast tumor and nearby lymph nodes do not provide any additional benefit to patients with metastatic breast cancer, according to results of a clinical trial presented here at the 2013 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium, held Dec.

US risks losing clean electricity if nuclear plants keep closing
Four nuclear power plants, sources of low-emissions electricity, have announced closings this year.

Give future generations a chance: Support mothers to secure future public health
Current approaches to curbing the global rise of chronic diseases, such as diabetes and heart disease, are failing, according to University of Southampton researchers.

Study identifies highly effective treatment option for patients with HER2-positive breast cancer
Combining the chemotherapy drugs docetaxel and carboplatin with the HER2-targeted therapy trastuzumab was identified to be an ideal postsurgery treatment option for patients with HER2-positive breast cancer, regardless of tumor size and whether or not disease has spread to the lymph nodes, according to results from the BETH study presented here at the 2013 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium, held Dec.

Targeted antibody, immune checkpoint blocker rein in follicular lymphoma
One drug attacks tumor cells directly, the other treats the immune system by taking the brakes off T cell response.

Study links nonconcussion head impacts in contact sports to brain changes and lower test scores
Repeated blows to the head during a season of contact sports may cause changes in the brain's white matter and affect cognitive abilities even if none of the impacts resulted in a concussion.

Overcoming linguistic taboos: Lessons from Australia
Grammar is sometimes shaped by restrictions on language use. This is the key finding of a new study to be published in the December issue of the scholarly journal Language, demonstrating how taboos can bring on changes to language structures.

Is peer-review systemically misogynist?
After reviewing the authorship of 5.4 million peer-reviewed articles, University of Montreal information scientist professor Vincent Lariviere and colleagues from UQAM and University of Indiana have established that women are seriously under-represented within the academic publishing system.

Incarceration has no effect on nonresident fathers' parenting
A prison sentence may not always have negative consequences for children of the incarcerated, says University of California, Irvine sociologist Kristin Turney.

Staying ahead of Huntington's disease
Rohit Pappu, Ph.D., and his colleagues are working to stay ahead of Huntington's disease, a devastating, incurable disorder that results from the death of certain neurons in the brain

Study demonstrates that indigenous hunting with fire helps sustain Brazil's savannas
Indigenous use of fire for hunting is an unlikely contributor to long-term carbon emissions, but it is an effective environmental management and recovery tool against agribusiness deforestation, a new study from Indiana University and Brazil's Oswaldo Cruz Foundation has found.

Online tool aids clinicians' efforts to treat injured workers
A UAlberta research team has createed a tablet- and mobile-ready tool that predicts rehabilitation treatments for injured workers.

Antivirals for HCV improve kidney and cardiovascular diseases in diabetic patients
Researchers from Taiwan reveal that antiviral therapy for hepatitis C virus (HCV) improves kidney and cardiovascular outcomes for patients with diabetes.

Biophysical Society announces speakers for Future of Biophysics Burroughs Wellcome Fund Symposium
The Biophysical Society is pleased to announce the speakers for the Future of Biophysics Burroughs Wellcome Fund Symposium.

New gene therapy proves promising as hemophilia treatment
Researchers at the UNC School of Medicine and the Medical College of Wisconsin found that a new kind of gene therapy led to a dramatic decline in bleeding events in dogs with naturally occurring hemophilia A, a serious and costly bleeding condition that affects about 50,000 people in the United States and millions more around the world.

Who said that figuring out Earth would only take a year?
Mathematicians around the world have decided to launch an international project, Mathematics of Planet Earth, to demonstrate how their field of expertise contributes directly to our well being.

The garden microbe with a sense of touch
A common soil dwelling bacterium appears to possess a sense of touch, researchers have shown.

Hemophilia and long-term HIV infection -- is there a protective link?
People with the genetic blood clotting disorder hemophilia who have been infected with HIV for decades have an increased proportion of immune cells in their blood that specifically target HIV.

Even without a concussion, blows to head may affect brain, learning and memory
New research suggests that even in the absence of a concussion, blows to the head during a single season of football or ice hockey may affect the brain's white matter and cognition, or memory and thinking abilities.

Each food fish can cause specific allergies
Food allergies are evidently much more specific than previously assumed.

4 University of Houston researchers named to National Academy of Inventors
Four researchers from the University of Houston have been named as fellows of the National Academy of Inventors.

UTHealth School of Nursing to assist Rwanda in cultivating nursing workforce
The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston School of Nursing will send its first participant to the Rwanda Human Resources for Health Program in January 2014.

University researchers observe surprising bonefish spawning behavior in the Bahamas
A recent study of bonefish spawning behavior in the Bahamas brings to light new information that should aid bonefish conservation efforts.

Renowned UNH researcher on corporal punishment makes definitive case against spanking in new book
A new book by Murray Straus, founder and co-director of the Family Research Lab and professor emeritus of sociology at the University of New Hampshire, brings together more than four decades of research that makes the definitive case against spanking, including how it slows cognitive development and increases antisocial and criminal behavior.

Maternal health program in India failing to deliver, study shows
The Chiranjeevi Yojana program aimed at reducing infant and maternal deaths in rural India by encouraging mothers to deliver in private hospitals has been unsuccessful, despite the investment of more than $25 million since 2005, a new Duke University study finds.

Increase in Hong Kong's over 70s population to cause dramatic rise in hip fractures
A new report issued today by the International Osteoporosis Foundation shows that broken bones due to osteoporosis pose a major and growing health problem in the Asia-Pacific.

High-tech X-ray imaging technique to offer detailed look at engineered tissue
Mark Anastasio, Ph.D., has received a grant from the National Science Foundation to develop a new imaging system that will help biomedical engineers see what happens when engineered tissue is implanted in the body.

AGU honors outstanding journalists
At a ceremony today, a major international scientific society, the American Geophysical Union, will honor four journalists for excellence in their coverage of science that pertains to the Earth and solar system.

New way to fight antibiotic-resistant bacteria: Target human cells instead
As more reports appear of a grim

Eating burgers from restaurants associated with higher obesity risk in in African-American women
Americans are increasingly eating more of their meals prepared away from home, and this is particularly true among African-Americans, who also have higher rates of obesity than other Americans.

University of Houston physicist honored as rising star in Texas research
A University of Houston physicist has been honored with the Edith and Peter O'Donnell Award in Science from the Academy of Medicine, Engineering & Science of Texas.

Mothers that have a vaginal birth without epidural anesthesia are happier
An article published in the journal Nutricion Hospitalaria reveals that the attitude of healthcare personnel, along with starting early breast-feeding, are another two factors that help in increasing the mothers' level of satisfaction.
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