Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 02, 2014
The key to reaching personal goals in 2014: Conquer stress first
Americans will start the new year with resolutions that are doomed to fail if they don't deal with the underlying issue of stress before they join a gym, start a diet or throw the cigarettes away.

Survival rates similar for gunshot/stabbing victims whether brought to the hospital by police or EMS
A new study from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania has found no significant difference in adjusted overall survival rates between gunshot and stabbing (so-called penetrating trauma injuries) victims in Philadelphia whether they were transported to the emergency department by the police department or the emergency medical services division of the fire department.

Trapping insects by color: Will it work in Montana?
A new study shows that red and green traps attract more sweetpotato weevils than any other color.

Scientists uncover image of muscular dystrophy defect & design targeted drug candidates
Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have revealed an atomic-level view of a genetic defect that causes a form of muscular dystrophy, myotonic dystrophy type 2, and have used this information to design drug candidates with potential to counter those defects -- and reverse the disease.

Study: Having Medicaid increases emergency room visits
Adults who are covered by Medicaid use emergency rooms 40 percent more than those in similar circumstances who do not have health insurance, according to a unique new study, co-authored by an MIT economist, that sheds empirical light on the inner workings of health care in the US.

South African trauma center launches portable electronic trauma health record application
Surgeons from Vancouver, British Columbia, have developed a way for their peers at a Level I trauma center in South Africa to accurately collect and analyze trauma care data via an iPad app.

Study finds patients give 'broad endorsement' to stem cell research
In an early indication of lay opinions on research with induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), a new study by bioethicists at Johns Hopkins University indicates that despite some ethical concerns, patients give the research

EARTH Magazine: Geological travels in Antarctica
Exploring Antarctica: one scientist's trek to explore the geology of Earth's southernmost continent.

Call for better social science research transparency
A group of social scientists from across the United States say it is time for more stringent and transparent standards in social science research to improve the work's substance, impact and credibility.

Think you're an expert bettor? You're probably wrong
In the long run, the majority of horseracing bettors will lose money at the track -- and there will always be more losers than winners.

Biologists discover solution to problem limiting development of human stem cell therapies
Biologists at UC San Diego have discovered an effective strategy that could prevent the human immune system from rejecting the grafts derived from human embryonic stem cells, a major problem now limiting the development of human stem cell therapies.

Shingles linked to increased risk of stroke in young adults
Having shingles may increase the risk of having a stroke years later, according to research published in the January 2, 2014, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

More evidence suggests type 2 diabetes is an inflammatory disease
As people's waistlines increase, so does the incidence of type 2 diabetes.

Jumping DNA in the brain may be a cause of schizophrenia
Stretches of DNA called retrotransposons, often dubbed

Are sweetpotato weevils differentially attracted to certain colors?
New research shows that sweetpotato weevils are attracted to different colors, depending on whether they are indoors or outdoors.

Montana State University research on algal biofuels keys larger study
Montana State University research into the production of algae high in oil content is a cornerstone of a larger feasibility study of how the organisms first discovered in Yellowstone might anchor a sustainable biofuels industry.

Differences in brain structure in patients with distinct sites of chronic pain
Dr. Cuiping Mao and co-workers from Xi'an Jiaotong University in China investigated changes in gray matter volume in chronic back pain patients having different sites of pain using voxel-based morphometry.

Study explaining parasite gene expression could help fight toxoplasmosis and malaria
A newly identified protein and other proteins it interacts with could become effective targets for new drugs to control the parasite that cause toxoplasmosis, researchers reported.

Amber fossil reveals ancient reproduction in flowering plants
A 100-million-year old piece of amber has been discovered which reveals the oldest evidence of sexual reproduction in a flowering plant -- a cluster of 18 tiny flowers from the Cretaceous Period -- with one of them in the process of making some new seeds for the next generation.

Money talks when ancient Antioch meets Google Earth
UC research puts a high-tech spin on studying the ancient world in a project that could affect how historians analyze data.

El Nino tied to melting of Antarctica's Pine Island Glacier
Melting of the ice sheet at the base of Antarctica's Pine Island Glacier depends on how much warm water reaches the ice edge, which is related to global climate conditions.

Pine Island Glacier sensitive to climatic variability
A new study published in Science this month suggests the thinning of Pine Island Glacier in West Antarctica is much more susceptible to climatic and ocean variability than at first thought.

UT Arlington research may unlock enzyme's role in disease
National Science Foundation-funded research on enzymes that regulate human biology has uncovered characteristics that could be used to identify predisposition to conditions such as heart disease, diabetic ulcers and some types of cancer.

High blood pressure potentially more dangerous for women than men
Doctors may need to treat high blood pressure in women earlier and more aggressively than they do in men, according to scientists at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center.

UC research uncovers how ancient artists used palace floor as a creative canvas
New research finds that the Throne Room floor in the Bronze Age Palace of Nestor located in what is today Pylos, Greece, is an unusual example of artistic innovation for its time.

Methane hydrates and global warming
Off the coast of Svalbard methane gas flares originating from gas hydrate deposits at depth of several hundred meters have been observed regularly.

Patch outperforms Holter for prolonged heart rhythm tracking
Research by the Scripps Translational Science Institute has found that a small adhesive wireless device worn on the chest for up to two weeks does a better job detecting abnormal and potentially dangerous heart rhythms than the Holter monitor, which is typically used for 24 hours and has been the standard of care for more than 50 years.

EcoHealth Alliance and Bat Conservation International forge partnership to work on global bat conservation and public health issues
EcoHealth Alliance, a nonprofit organization that focuses on local conservation and global health issues, and Bat Conservation International, which works to conserve bats and their habitats around the world, are joining forces in formal partnership.

Scientists uncover hidden river of rubbish threatening to devastate wildlife
Thousands of pieces of plastic have been discovered, submerged along the river bed of the upper Thames Estuary by scientists at Royal Holloway, University of London and the Natural History Museum.

Genetically identical bacteria can behave in radically different ways
When a bacterial cell divides into two daughter cells there can be an uneven distribution of certain survival mechanisms.

Residual activity 'hot spots' in the brain key for vision recovery in stroke patients
Scientists know that vision restoration training can help patients who have lost part of their vision due to glaucoma, optic nerve damage, or stroke regain some of their lost visual functions, but they do not understand what factors determine how much visual recovery is achieved.

Longmanshen fault zone still hazardous, suggest new reports
The 60-kilometer segment of the fault northeast of the 2013 Lushan rupture is the place in the region to watch for the next major earthquake, according to research published in Seismological Research Letters (SRL).

Roses are red -- why some petunias are blue
Researchers have uncovered the secret recipe to making some petunias such a rare shade of blue.

Turning off the 'aging genes'
Restricting calorie consumption is one of the few proven ways to combat aging.

Odor receptors discovered in lungs
Your nose is not the only organ in your body that can sense cigarette smoke wafting through the air.

Scientists explain age-related obesity: Brown fat fails
As most people resolve themselves to lose weight this New Year, here's why it seems to get easier and easier to pack on unwanted pounds: New research published in the Jan.

Brain training works, but just for the practiced task, say Oregon researchers
Search for

Study on pregnancy and alcohol fails to take psychological factors into account
A new Ph.D. thesis that was recently defended at the University of Copenhagen questions the interpretation of the results from a large Danish population study on pregnancy and alcohol.

ClC-3 chloride channel in hippocampal neuronal apoptosis
Professor Quanzhong Chang and team from Zhuhai Campus of Zunyi Medical College in China established a rat model of hippocampal neuronal apoptosis by using 3-morpholinosyndnomine, a nitric oxide donor.

Study: Open collaboration, which led to Bitcoin, TedX & Wikipedia, likely to grow
Open collaboration -- which has brought the world Bitcoin, TEDx and Wikipedia -- is likely to expand into new domains and displace traditional organizations, according to a paper in a journal of the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMS®).

Animal cells can communicate by reaching out and touching, UCSF team discovers
In a finding that directly contradicts the standard biological model of animal cell communication, UCSF scientists have discovered that typical cells in animals have the ability to transmit and receive biological signals by making physical contact with each other, even at long distance.

Diffusion tensor MRI-based tractography in evaluation of nerve root function
If bulging or protruding intervertebral discs occupies the intervertebral foramen, and nerve roots are compressed.

Local factors cause dramatic spikes in coastal ocean acidity
Seawater samples collected from the marine estuary Beaufort Inlet, N.C., weekly for a year and on a daily and hourly basis for shorter periods were used to track changes in pH and dissolved inorganic carbon.

JCI early table of contents for Jan. 2, 2014
This release contains summaries, links to PDFs, and contact information for the following newsworthy papers to be published online, January 2, 2014 in the JCI:Opioid tolerance and pain hypersensitivity associated with mTOR activation, Doxorubicin-associated mitochondrial iron accumulation promotes cardiotoxicity, Irradiation and anti-PD-L1 treatment synergistically promote antitumor immunity in mice, Positive feedback between NF-κB and TNF-α promotes leukemia-initiating cell capacity, Erythropoietin promotes breast tumorigenesis through tumor-initiating cell self-renewal, and more.

Overweight linked with reduced lung function in children with a history of early childhood wheezing
Overweight and obesity are significant risk factors for reduced lung function in school-aged children with a history of early childhood wheezing, according to a study carried out at the University of Eastern Finland.

Kessler Foundation to improve home care for spinal cord injury with Department of Defense grant
Kessler Foundation is conducting a three-year research study to improve the health and quality of life of military personnel and civilians with spinal cord injury.

Study supports a causal role in narcolepsy for a common genetic variant
A new study conducted across Europe found an extraordinary association between narcolepsy and a specific gene variant related to the immune system.

Mass spectrometer detection of 10 protein spots after acute high-altitude HBI
Hypobaric hypoxia can cause severe brain damage and mitochondrial dysfunction, and is involved in hypoxic brain injury.

Molecule discovered that protects the brain from cannabis intoxication
Two INSERM research teams recently discovered that pregnenolone, a molecule produced by the brain, acts as a natural defence mechanism against the harmful effects of cannabis in animals.

When being called 'incredibly good' is bad for children
Parents and other adults heap the highest praise on children who are most likely to be hurt by the compliments, a new study finds.

Environment affects an organism's complexity
Scientists have demonstrated that organisms with greater complexity are more likely to evolve in complex environments.

Want a good night's sleep in the new year? Quit smoking
As if cancer, heart disease and other diseases were not enough motivation to make quitting smoking your New Year's resolution, here's another wake-up call: New research published in the Jan.

Researchers find ways for more efficient control of wind power
Researchers from North Carolina State University and Johns Hopkins University have found that installing wind power plants at certain favorable locations in a power grid can make the grid more robust against extraneous disruptions.

Hispanic women are less aware of weight and heart disease risk
Minority women tend to be less aware of the increased risk of cardiovascular disease they face by being overweight or obese.

How invariant natural killers keep tuberculosis in check
Mycobacterium tuberculosis is a major cause of death worldwide, and a formidable foe.

New cell mechanism discovery key to stopping breast cancer metastasis
Researchers from Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah discovered a cellular mechanism that drives the spread of breast cancer to other parts of the body (metastasis), as well as a therapy which blocks that mechanism.

Chinese herbal compound relieves inflammatory and neuropathic pain
A compound derived from a traditional Chinese herbal medicine has been found effective at alleviating pain, pointing the way to a new nonaddictive analgesic for acute inflammatory and nerve pain, according to UC Irvine pharmacology researchers.

New MRI technique illuminates the wrist in motion
UC Davis radiologists, medical physicists and orthopaedic surgeons have found a way to create

Doxorubicin-associated mitochondrial iron accumulation promotes cardiotoxicity
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Hossein Ardehali and colleagues at Northwestern University determined that doxorubicin accumulates within the mitochondria of cardiomyocytes and this accumulation promotes mitochondrial ROS production and iron accumulation.

Men's and women's soccer: Physical or technical?
When the sports performance of elite men and women soccer players is compared using absolute criteria, the differences are significant.

New study to ensure justice for life prisoners across the globe
In the first study of its kind researchers are to examine life imprisonment on an international scale.

Opioid tolerance and pain hypersensitivity associated with mTOR activation
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Yuan-Xiang Tao and colleagues from the New Jersey Medical School at Rutgers University report that the protein mTOR, which is a global regulator of translation, plays a major role in morphine tolerance.

The people's agenda -- America's priorities and outlook for 2014
NORC Center for Public Affairs Research has released the results of a major new survey that reveals the American people's list of issues they believe should be the focus of government attention in 2014.

Researchers report technique that enables patient with 'word blindness' to read again
In the journal Neurology, researchers report a novel technique that enables a patient with

Plant used in Chinese medicine fights chronic pain
A plant used for centuries as a pain reliever in Chinese medicine may be just what the doctor ordered, especially when it comes to chronic pain.

No scrounging for scraps: UC research uncovers the diets of the middle and lower class in Pompeii
No fries, but how about a side of giraffe leg?

The mouse that ROR'ed
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine report that an oncogene dubbed ROR1, found on chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) B cells but not normal adult tissues, acts as an accelerant when combined with another oncogene, resulting in a faster-developing, more aggressive form of CLL in mice.

ADC evaluation for the changes of infarction core and remote regions after MCAO
Supratentorial cerebral infarction can cause functional inhibition of remote regions such as the cerebellum, which may be relevant to diaschisis.

Role of endoplasmic reticulum stress in the loss of RGCs in diabetic retinopathy
According a study published in the Neural Regeneration Research, endoplasmic reticulum stress played an important role in the hyperglycemia-induced death of ganglion cells and impairment of retinal microvessels.

Earthquake lights linked to rift environments, subvertical faults
Rare earthquake lights are more likely to occur on or near rift environments, where subvertical faults allow stress-induced electrical currents to flow rapidly to the surface, according to a new study published in the Jan./Feb. issue of Seismological Research Letters.

Atlas Mountains in Morocco are buoyed up by superhot rock, study finds
The Atlas Mountains defy the standard model for mountain structure in which high topography must have deep roots for support, according to a new study from Earth scientists at USC.

Under pressure
A guide dog communicates with a blind person via a harness and its handle.
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