Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 03, 2014
A novel look at how stories may change the brain
Many people can recall reading at least one cherished story that they say changed their life.

A single-domain antibody that specifically recognizes amyloid-beta 42 oligomers
This release focuses on a single-domain antibody that specifically recognizes amyloid-beta 42 oligomers.

Sex matters for microbes
Researchers from the University of Bristol have observed mating for the first time in the microbes responsible for African sleeping sickness.

Researchers find simple, cheap way to increase solar cell efficiency
Researchers from North Carolina State University and the Chinese Academy of Sciences have found an easy way to modify the molecular structure of a polymer commonly used in solar cells.

Cleveland Clinic researchers create online colorectal cancer risk calculator
CRC-PRO, or Colorectal Cancer Predicted Risk Online, is designed to help both patients and physicians determine when screening for colorectal cancer is appropriate.

25 years of DNA on the computer
For about 20 years now, experimental research on nuclear DNA has been supplemented by research based on computer simulations aimed at reconstructing the structure and function of this molecule that is so essential to life as we know it.

Important mutation discovered in dairy cattle
High milk yield in dairy cows is negatively correlated to fertility.

Another step towards understanding the quantum behavior of cold atoms
The UPV/EHU physicist Eneko Malatsetxebarria has explored, on a theoretical level, some quantum effects that take place in atoms at a very low temperature.

Gabapentin inhibits central sensitization during migraine
Gabapentin inhibits central sensitization during migraine.

Similar characteristics of brain DTI for healthy adult rhesus monkey and young people
There are similar characteristics of brain DTI for healthy adult rhesus monkey and young people.

Novel exfoliation method developed by NUS chemists paves the way for 2-dimensional materials to be used in printable photonics and electronics
A team of scientists from the National University of Singapore has successfully developed a method to chemically exfoliate molybdenum disulfide crystals, a class of chalcogenide compounds, into high quality monolayer flakes, with higher yield and larger flake size than current methods.

University of East Anglia scientists make advance in cancer research
A protein at the center of cancer drug design for the last 20 years shouldn't be given up on according to research from the University of East Anglia.

7 new species of nearctic wasps described and illustrated
After studying specimens from the Nearctic deposited in the United States National Museum of Natural History and some specimens in the Canadian National Collection of Insects, researchers have found 16 new species of wasps from the Nearctic region, and they've described seven new species.

Supercomputers join search for 'cheapium'
Researchers use brute force supercomputing to identify dozens of platinum-group alloys that were previously unknown to science but could prove beneficial in a wide range of applications.

Higher vitamin D levels in pregnancy could help babies become stronger
Children are likely to have stronger muscles if their mothers had a higher level of vitamin D in their body during pregnancy, according to new research from the Medical Research Council Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit at the University of Southampton.

Reconstructing the New World monkey family tree
A Duke scientist has reconstructed the most comprehensive family tree to date of the monkeys that arrived in South America 37 or more million years ago and their subsequent evolution.

Nordic study: Few persons with metabolic syndrome adhere to nutrition recommendations
Adherence to dietary recommendations is weak among people suffering from metabolic syndrome or having increased risk for metabolic syndrome, according to the Nordic SYSDIET study led by the University of Eastern Finland.

Loss of function of a single gene linked to diabetes in mice
Researchers from the University of Illinois at Chicago College of Medicine have found that dysfunction in a single gene in mice causes fasting hyperglycemia, one of the major symptoms of Type 2 diabetes.

Mannotriose promotes survival of hippocampal neurons
Mannotriose promotes survival of hippocampal neurons.

Intraoperative monitoring of SSEPs is a new measure to avoid iatrogenic spinal cord injury
Intraoperative monitoring of SSEPs is a new measure to avoid iatrogenic spinal cord injury.

Fear of childbirth predicts postpartum depression
Expectant women with prenatally diagnosed fear of childbirth are at an increased risk of postpartum depression, according to a study of over 500,000 mothers in Finland.

Professor Paul Scott awarded an EPSRC Fellowship in Manufacturing
The University of Huddersfield's Professor Paul Scott is one of a select group of UK scientists to have been awarded a prestigious Fellowship in Manufacturing by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council.

Parkinson's patients utilization of deep brain stimulation treatment reduced in demographic groups
Among Parkinson's disease patients, female, black, and Asian patients are substantially less likely to receive proven deep brain stimulation (DBS) surgery to improve tremors and motor symptoms, according to a new report by a Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania researcher who identified considerable disparities among Medicare recipients receiving DBS for Parkinson's disease.

How 'slippers' can end mascara irritation
An end to mascara testing on animals could be in sight thanks to tiny organisms nicknamed

Severe mental illness tied to higher rates of substance use
People with severe mental illness such as schizophrenia or bipolar disorder have a higher risk for substance use, especially cigarette smoking, and protective factors usually associated with lower rates of substance use do not exist in severe mental illness, according to a new study funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse, part of the National Institutes of Health.

The entropy of nations
Inequality in the way nations consume energy has been lessening in recent years.

College of Dental Medicine honored with achievement award
The ADEAGies Foundation, the philanthropic arm of the American Dental Education Association, has selected Columbia University's College of Dental Medicine (CDM) for a 2014 William J. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to