Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 17, 2014
IUPUI faculty and undergrad researchers evaluate peer-led team learning in cyberspace
A recent study in Educause Review,

Clever chemistry improves a new class of antibiotics
A new class of molecules called acyldepsipeptides -- ADEPs -- may provide a new way to attack bacteria that have developed resistance to antibiotics.

2 million people eligible for weight loss surgery
Two million people in England could be eligible for weight loss surgery according to new research published today by JRSM Open, the open access companion publication of the Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine.

Tiny swimming bio-bots boldly go where no bot has swum before
The alien world of aquatic micro-organisms just got new residents: synthetic self-propelled swimming bio-bots.

New study reveals links between alcoholic liver disease and the circadian clock
Researchers from the University of Notre Dame and the Indiana University School of Medicine have revealed a putative role for the circadian clock in the liver in the development of alcohol-induced hepatic steatosis, or fatty liver disease.

Chronic neck pain common among car crash victims, but most don't sue
A new study finds chronic pain to be common among people involved in car accidents.

A new toad from the 'warm valleys' of Peruvian Andes
A new species of toad was discovered hiding in the leaf litter of montane rain forest known as Peruvian Yungas (

NASA tracks soggy System 94S over Western Australia
NASA's Terra satellite saw the System 94S, a tropical low, still holding together as it continued moving inland from the Northern Territory into Western Australia today, Jan.

Study finds chimps can use gestures to communicate in hunt for food
Chimpanzees are capable of using gestures to communicate as they pursue specific goals, such as finding a hidden piece of food, according to a new Georgia State University research study.

What comforts targets of prejudice the most
Rare in history are moments like the 1960s civil rights movement, in which members of a majority group vocally support minority groups in their fight against prejudice.

An invitation to Europe's largest forum on breast cancer
The most exciting breast cancer conference in Europe, it is the only one that involves all the major players in breast cancer.

TRMM satellite calculates System 91W's deadly Philippine flooding
People in the southern Philippines are used to heavy rainfall this time of the year, but rainfall totals have recently been exceptionally high.

Study reveals how ecstasy acts on the brain and hints at therapeutic uses
Brain imaging experiments have revealed for the first time how ecstasy produces feelings of euphoria in users.

KAIST participates in the 2014 Davos Forum on Jan. 22-25 in Switzerland
The 2014 Annual Meeting of the World Economic Forum will kick off on Jan.

High volume of severe sepsis patients may result in better outcomes
A recent study led by Boston University School of Medicine shows that

Vitamin D supplements reduce pain in fibromyalgia sufferers
Patients with fibromyalgia syndrome typically have widespread chronic pain and fatigue.

Not just clean but spotless -- Researchers show how cells tidy up
New findings from the team of Claudine Kraft at the Max F.

Highly efficient broadband terahertz radiation from metamaterials
Scientists at the US Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory have demonstrated broadband terahertz wave generation using metamaterials.

Statin use reduces delirium in critically ill patients
Continued use of statins may help prevent delirium in critically ill patients who received statins before hospital admission, according to a new study of 470 intensive care patients in the UK.

World Congress on Agroforestry 2014
The World Congress on Agroforestry 2014 will be one of the major events of the year in the field of trees, forests, agriculture and development.

Researchers awarded grant from the DeGregorio Family Foundation
Tony Godfrey, PhD, associate chair of research in the department of surgery at Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) and Boston Medical Center, was recently awarded a two-year, $225,000 grant from the DeGregorio Family Foundation for Gastric and Esophageal Cancer Research & Education.

Cologne mycology professor Oliver Cornely honored with 'Prof Pushpa Talwar Memorial Oration'
Cologne mycology Prof Oliver A. Cornely, Director of the Clinical Trials Center and the Translational Research Platform at the CECAD Excellence Cluster at the University of Cologne, has been honored with the Prof Pushpa Talwar Memorial Oration for the vital international significance of his outstanding research into fungal infection.

Is Europe equipped with enough medical oncologists? Horizon still unknown
A recent paper assessing the current number of medical oncologists in the 27 European Union countries and predicting their availability by 2020 raises worries about the lack of information in many Eastern European countries.

Penn researchers run successful HIV intervention project in S. Africa
A large-scale human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) intervention/education effort aimed at helping South African men take a proactive role in the prevention of that disease has proven successful, an important development considering that country has the largest number of HIV infections in the world.

Most women undergoing surgery for vulvar cancer maintain healthy body image and sex life
A new study finds that most women who undergo conservative surgery for vulvar cancer experience little to no long-term disruption to sexuality and body image.

Here comes the sun
Low levels of sunlight mean lower levels of vitamin D in the body.

Mass. General researcher Gary Ruvkun a co-recipient of 2014 Wolf Prize
Massachusetts General Hospital investigator Gary Ruvkun, Ph.D., has been named a co-recipient of the 2014 Wolf Prize in Medicine, along with Victor Ambros, Ph.D., of the University of Massachusetts Medical School, and Nahum Sonenberg, Ph.D. of McGill University.

New insights into facial transplantation
Researchers have demonstrated that immune cells, or T cells, involved in the rejection process are significantly of donor origin.

Poison-breathing bacteria may be boon to industry, environment
Buried deep in the mud along the banks of a remote salt lake near Yosemite National Park are colonies of bacteria with an unusual property: they breathe a toxic metal to survive.

Feast or fancy? Black widows shake for love
Simon Fraser University biologists have found that courting male black widow spiders shake their abdomens to produce carefully pitched vibrations and avoid potential attacks by females -- who otherwise may misinterpret the advances as the vibrations of prey.

Colby fire near Los Angeles, California
A wildfire started and spread quickly in the foothills northeast of Los Angeles on January 16, 2014.

NASA satellite catches birth of Tropical Cyclone Deliwe
The tropical depression southwest of Madagascar on January 16 developed into a tropical cyclone early on January 17 as NASA's Aqua satellite passed overhead and captured its birth.

Smooth sailing: Rough surfaces that can reduce drag
From the sleek hulls of racing yachts to Michael Phelps' shaved legs, most objects that move through the water quickly are smooth.

New sea anemone species discovered in Antarctica
National Science Foundation-funded researchers from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, while using a camera-equipped robot to survey the area under Antarctica's Ross Ice Shelf, unexpectedly discovered a new species of small sea anemones that were burrowed into the ice, their tentacles protruding into frigid water like flowers from a ceiling.

VHIO genomic study identifies subgroups of HER2+ breast cancer with varying sensitivities
VHIO describes as many as four subgroups of HER2+ breast cancer (Luminal A, Luminal B, HER2-enriched and Basal-Like) with varying responses and benefits resulting from combined anti-HER2 targeted therapy and chemotherapy The first diagnostic test for these different breast cancer subtypes will soon be available at VHIO which will be key to ongoing studies.

At arm's length: The plasticity of depth judgment
People have a distance at which they are best able to judge depth.

The bigger the tree, the faster it grows
A ground-breaking study, published in Nature, of nearly 675,000 trees world-wide shows

Registration open for the Weinstein Cardiovascular Conference
The meeting will provide an unparalleled platform for exploring all aspects of heart development and congenital heart disease.

Researchers collaborate to reduce effects of the aging eye
Aging gracefully may not be an option for the 40 million people worldwide who are blind or have significant visual impairment.

NASA satellite watches Southern Pacific birth Tropical Cyclone June
The tenth tropical cyclone of the Southern Pacific Ocean cyclone season was born today, January 17 as NASA's Aqua satellite captured infrared data on the storm as it became Tropical Storm June.
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