Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 20, 2014
Springer expands its open access activities with Korean research societies
Springer is intensifying its open access activities in South Korea by signing agreements for two new SpringerOpen journals with the Korean Geotechnical Society and the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles.

Gay-straight alliances in schools reduce suicide risk for all students
Canadian schools with explicit anti-homophobia interventions such as gay-straight alliances may reduce the odds of suicidal thoughts and attempts among both sexual minority and straight students, according to a new study by University of British Columbia researchers.

Depression higher than previously reported in people with severe rheumatoid arthritis
Levels of depression and anxiety in people with severe rheumatoid arthritis are higher than previously reported, according to new research.

Uninsured patients less likely to be transferred between hospitals, Pitt researchers find
Uninsured patients with a variety of common medical diagnoses are significantly less likely to be transferred between hospitals for treatment, according to a new study led by researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine.

Vitamin D status associated with multiple sclerosis activity, progression
Vitamin D status appears to be associated with reduced disease activity in patients with multiple sclerosis and a slower rate of disease progression, according to a study by Alberto Ascherio, M.D., Dr.P.H., of the Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, and colleagues.

NHL teams pay more than $650 million to injured players over 3 years
Most successful businesses would not accept spending $218 million on lost time, but that's the amount NHL owners pay out every year to players who miss games due to injury, according to new research.

Mount Sinai researchers find promising new drug targets for cocaine addiction
Mount Sinai researchers identify PARP-1 enzyme and Sidekick-1 gene as key in the brain reward system for cocaine addiction.

Cell phones as life savers
Researchers at the Technische Universitaet Muenchen have developed a process that cooperates with driver assistance systems in cars to pinpoint pedestrians and cyclists -- even while they are hidden from view.

Made in China for us: Air pollution tied to exports
Chinese air pollution blowing across the Pacific is often caused by manufacturing of goods for export to the US and Europe, according to findings by UC Irvine and others.

Alley to receive National Academy of Sciences award
Richard B. Alley, Evan Pugh Professor of Geosciences, is the recipient of the National Academy of Sciences Arthur L.

Bio-inspired robotic device could aid ankle-foot rehabilitation, CMU researcher says
A soft, wearable device that mimics the muscles, tendons and ligaments of the lower leg could aid in the rehabilitation of patients with ankle-foot disorders such as drop foot, said Yong-Lae Park, an assistant professor of robotics at Carnegie Mellon University.

The scientific explanation of why beer overflows
Scientists at Universidad Carlos III de Madrid reveal the physical phenomenon that explains beer's rapid transformation from a liquid to a foamy state as the result of an impact.

Novel nanotherapy breakthrough may help reduce recurrent heart attacks and stroke
New report in Nature Communications by Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai shows their new statin nanotherapy can target high-risk inflammation inside heart arteries that causes heart attacks or stroke.

Ultra-thin tool heating for injection molding
In future, thin-film heating will allow plastic parts to be produced with greatly improved surface quality.

Peeking into Schrodinger's box
Until recently measuring a 27-dimensional quantum state would have been a time-consuming, multistage process using a technique called quantum tomography, which is similar to creating a 3D image from many 2D ones.

Embargoed news: Evidence that access to guns increases suicide and homicide
Below is information about articles being published in Annals of Internal Medicine.

Here comes the sun to lower your blood pressure
Exposing skin to sunlight may help to reduce blood pressure and thus cut the risk of heart attack and stroke, a study published in the Journal of Investigative Dermatology suggests.

FAK helps tumor cells enter the bloodstream
Cancer cells have something that every prisoner longs for -- a master key that allows them to escape.

Frog fathers don't mind dropping off their tadpoles in cannibal-infested pools
Given a choice, male dyeing poison frogs snub empty pools in favor of ones in which their tiny tadpoles have to metamorphose into frogs in the company of larger, carnivorous ones of the same species.

Micropredators dictate occurrence of deadly amphibian disease
Researchers have made progress in understanding the distribution of the deadly amphibian chytrid pathogen.

Quality control of mitochondria as a defense against disease
Scientists from the Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital in Canada have discovered that two genes linked to hereditary Parkinson's disease are involved in the early-stage quality control of mitochondria.

Different sponge species have highly specific, stable microbiomes, MBL team reports
Scientists at the Marine Biological Laboratory have shown that different species of Hexadella sponges each have a highly specific and stable microbiome, not only in terms of the most abundant members of the associated microbial community, but the rare members as well.

New study finds mistimed sleep disrupts rhythms of genes in humans
A new study from the University of Surrey, published today in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), found that the daily rhythms of our genes are disrupted when sleep times shift.

Toddlers' aggression is strongly associated with genetic factors
The development of physical aggression in toddlers is strongly associated genetic factors and to a lesser degree with the environment, according to a new study led by Eric Lacourse of the University of Montreal and its affiliated Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Sainte-Justine Hospital.

Access to guns increases risk of suicide, homicide
Someone with access to firearms is three times more likely to commit suicide and nearly twice as likely to be the victim of a homicide as someone who does not have access, according to a comprehensive review of the scientific literature conducted by researchers at UC San Francisco.

Researchers discover an epigenetic lesion in the hippocampus of Alzheimer's
The international journal in neurology Hippocampus publishes an article led by Manel Esteller, Director of PEBC, with the collaboration of the Institute of Neuropathology of the center, led by Isidre Ferrer, demonstrating for the first time the existence of an epigenetic lesion in the hippocampus of the brain of patients with Alzheimer's disease.

Where do international students of higher education come from and where do they go?
The level of development of countries has a direct influence on the education system.

Secondhand smoke exposure increases odds of hospital asthma readmission for children
A new study shows that exposure to secondhand smoke at home or in the car dramatically increases the odds of children being readmitted to the hospital within a year of being admitted for asthma.

Vancouver: Nearby Georgia basin may amplify ground shaking from next quake
Tall buildings, bridges and other long-period structures in Greater Vancouver may experience greater shaking from large (M 6.8 +) earthquakes than previously thought due to the amplification of surface waves passing through the Georgia basin, according to two studies published by the Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America.

£3.2M to improve diagnosis of cancer
The University of Liverpool has been awarded £3.2 million to develop new diagnostic tests for cervical, oesophageal and prostate cancer patients.

Middle-school girls continue to play soccer with concussion symptoms
Concussions are common among middle-school girls who play soccer, and most continue to play with symptoms, according to a study by John W.

Soccer fans get FFITer and lose weight
An initiative that helps male football [soccer] fans feel better and live a healthier lifestyle by losing weight, taking more exercise, and improving their diet has been a resounding success, according to new research published in The Lancet and BMC Public Health.

Radiation before surgery more than doubles mesothelioma survival: UHN study
Results of clinical research that treated mesothelioma with radiation before surgery show the three-year survival rate more than doubled for study participants afflicted with this deadly disease, compared to treating with surgery first.

Large-scale HPV self-testing proves effective for screening cervical cancer
Self-testing for human papillomavirus (HPV) -- the virus that causes cervical cancer -- is as effective at detecting cancer as a conventional smear test (cytology screening) even when scaled up to test large populations.

Dispersal patterns key to invasive species' success
Using synthetic biology, engineers have tested the limits of the Allee effect, where a certain number of individuals are needed for a group to survive.

Childhood obesity can only be tackled with broad public health interventions
The team from Manchester Urban Collaboration of Health, based at the University, say broader public health strategies are needed instead as obesity figures continue to rise.

Cocaine users enjoy social interactions less
Regular cocaine users have difficulties in feeling empathy for others and they exhibit less prosocial behavior.

Hydrocephalus: Sensors monitor cerebral pressure
If the pressure in a patient's brain is too high, physicians implant a system in the head that regulates the pressure.

DNA barcodes change our view on how nature is structured
Understanding who feeds on whom and how often is the basis for understanding how nature is built and works.

Training your brain using neurofeedback
A new brain-imaging technique enables people to

Hospital water taps contaminated with bacteria
New research finds significantly higher levels of infectious pathogens in water from faucet taps with aerators compared to water from deeper in the plumbing system.

Physicians awarded $4 million to study effects of fertility treatments and obstetric care
Two Cedars-Sinai physician-researchers have been awarded grants totaling $4 million from the National Institutes of Health to study how the environment -- both in the womb and in the hospital where the baby is born -- can affect the newborn and the mother.

Longer service lives for European nuclear power stations
New nuclear power stations are being built on all sides of Germany and service lives for existing facilities extended.

Schizophrenia in the limelight: Film-industry technology provides insights
The first 30 seconds of a social encounter is crucial for people with symptoms of schizophrenia for establishing contact with people, according to new research carried out at Queen Mary University of London.

British Muslims with diabetes need more healthcare support during Ramadan
British Muslims with diabetes may avoid attending GP surgeries to discuss fasting during the holy month of Ramadan -- with potentially serious consequences for their future health, new research by the universities of Manchester and Keele shows.

Boosting vitamin D could slow progression, reduce severity of multiple sclerosis
For patients in the early stages of multiple sclerosis, low levels of vitamin D were found to strongly predict disease severity and hasten its progression.

People who enjoy life maintain better physical function as they age
People who enjoy life maintain better physical function in daily activities and keep up faster walking speeds as they age, compared with people who enjoy life less, according to a new study in Canadian Medical Association Journal.

January/February 2014 Annals of Family Medicine tip sheet
This tip sheet features highlights from the January/February 2014 issue of Annals of Family Medicine, including original research and commentary.

Infectious diseases experts issue guidance on health-care personnel attire
New guidance from the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America (SHEA) provides recommendations to prevent transmission of health-care-associated infections through health-care personnel (HCP) attire in non-operating room settings.
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