Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 22, 2014
FASEB announces 2014 Science Research Conference: Trace Elements in Biology and Medicine
This 2014 FASEB Conference is designed to bring together a diverse group of scientists and physicians to share and discuss the latest, cutting-edge research findings in the field of trace element biology.

New study examines patterns of cancer screening in Appalachian women
A new study by University of Kentucky researchers shows that women who never or rarely screen for breast cancer are also unlikely to receive screening for cervical cancer.

Meet the rainforest 'diversity police'
A new study has revealed that fungi, often seen as pests, play a crucial role policing biodiversity in rainforests.

FASEB announces 2014 Science Research Conference: Folic Acid, Vitamin B12 and One Carbon Metabolism
This 2014 FASEB Science Research Conference focuses on recent advances in the study of folate, vitamin B12 (cobalamin), methionine and sulfur amino acid metabolism as they pertain to the fields of nutrition, public health and policy, genetics, basic biology and clinical medicine.

Men forget most
Your suspicions have finally been confirmed. Men forget more than women do.

UofL epidemiologist uncovers new genes linked to abdominal fat
Kira Taylor, Ph.D., M.S., assistant professor, University of Louisville School of Public Health and Information Sciences, and her research team have identified five new genes associated with increased waist-to-hip ratio, potentially moving science a step closer to developing a medication to treat obesity or obesity-related diseases.

A pill 'melts away' common form of leukemia
Use of a twice-daily pill could turn a deadly blood cancer into a highly treatable disease, according to scientists at Weill Cornell Medical College who led a multinational research team.

Cooling microprocessors with carbon nanotubes
Berkeley Lab researchers at the Molecular Foundry have developed a

Suburban sprawl accounts for 50 percent of US household carbon footprint
Many US cities are taking steps to grow urban centers in an attempt to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

Bright star reveals new exoplanet
An international team of astronomers at Stellar Astrophysics Centre in Aarhus, Denmark, have discovered a new exoplanet, christened

FASEB announces 2014 Science Research Conference: Machines on Genes -- Nucleic Acid Enzymes
This FASEB Science Research Conference focuses on the anatomies, architectures and mechanisms of protein and protein-nucleic acid machines that access, maintain, and decode the information stored within DNA and RNA.

FASEB announces 2014 SRC: Polycystic Kidney Disease -- From Molecular Mechanism to Therapy
This 2014 FASEB Science Research Conference focuses on recent advances in our understanding of the pathogenic mechanisms underlying the cystic renal diseases and the development of therapies to slow down their progression.

Lawrence Livermore 'space cops' to help control traffic in space
A team of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory scientists are using mini-satellites that work as

New monitoring technique reveals endangered animals
Now biologists can get much more accurate information about endangered bats, birds and insects.

Drug alternatives to antibiotics may not be perfect, study shows
New types of drug intended for use in place of antibiotics have been given a cautious welcome by scientists.

The moth versus the crowd -- Tracking an alien invader of conker trees using people power
An army of citizen scientists has helped the professionals understand how a tiny

FASEB announces 2014 Science Research Conference: Microbial Glycobiology
This FASEB Science Conference uniquely and exclusively focuses on microbial polysaccharides and glycoconjugates.

Asthma: DMP is largely consistent with guidelines
Few discrepancies exist between the disease management program

Disappointing Alzheimer's trial yields new ideas
A new study in the New England Journal of Medicine documents the high-profile failure of a promising drug, bapineuzumab, to slow cognitive decline in dementia patients.

MU physics professor receives $250,000 Robert Foster Cherry Award
Meera Chandrasekhar, Curators' Teaching Professor of Physics and Astronomy at the University of Missouri, has been named the recipient of the Baylor University Robert Foster Cherry Award for Great Teaching.

More illness from synthetic marijuana likely
The US should prepare for more outbreaks of illness and possible deaths from designer drugs including synthetic marijuana, according to the new research from the University of Colorado School of Medicine.

FASEB announces 2014 Science Research Conference: Biology & Pathobiology of Krueppel-Like Factors
The 2014 FASEB Science Research Conference on focuses on recent advances in our understanding of the KLFs, an important family of transcriptional regulators, currently numbering 17, and will also include talks on the closely related Sp transcription factor family.

War on lionfish shows first promise of success
It may take a legion of scuba divers armed with nets and spears, but a new study confirms for the first time that controlling lionfish populations in the western Atlantic Ocean can pave the way for a recovery of native fish.

Carsey Institute: 39 percent of unemployed Americans are seeking work for 6+ months
Thirty-nine percent of unemployed Americans are experiencing long-term unemployment in the wake of the 2008 recession, which is more than double the percent unemployed more than six months but actively seeking work in 2007, according to new research about trends in long-term unemployment since the recession from the Carsey Institute at the University of New Hampshire.

FASEB announces 2014 SRC: G Protein-Coupled Receptor Kinases: From Molecules to Diseases
This 2014 FASEB Science Research Conference focuses on recent advances in our understanding of the mechanism of action of G protein-coupled receptor kinases, their physiological functions, and their role in pathological conditions.

FASEB announces 2014 Science Research Conference: Protein Folding in the Cell
This FASEB Science Research Conference brings together a diverse group of scientists who seek to define how the conformations of cellular proteins are achieved and maintained, and what happens in the cell when aberrant protein conformations arise.

More diseases from air pollution uncovered by improved data material
Good health and personal registers in combination with model calculations of air pollution down to an individual address has helped Danish researchers to become among the very best in the world to detect harmful diseases deriving from polluted air.

Texting changes the way we walk
Texting on your phone while walking alters posture and balance according to a study published in PLOS ONE on January 22, 2014 by Siobhan Schabrun and colleagues from the University of Queensland.

FASEB SRC: Biological Methylation -- Regulation of Chromatin, Epigenetics, & Disease
This Science Research Conference focuses on recent advances in our understanding of how dynamic methylation of proteins and DNA regulate epigenetic programming and reprogramming, cell signaling, and the pathogenesis of diverse human diseases.

Humans can use smell to detect levels of dietary fat
New research from the Monell Center reveals humans can use the sense of smell to detect and discriminate levels of dietary fat in food.

Biophysical Society announces winners of 2014 Minority Affairs Committee Travel Awards
The Biophysical Society has announced the winner of its Minority Affairs Committee Travel Awards to attend the Biophysical Society's 58th Annual Meeting at the Moscone Center in San Francisco, Feb.

FASEB announces 2014 SRC: AMPK -- Biological Action and Therapeutic Perspectives
This 2014 FASEB Science Research Conference on focuses on exciting recent advances in our understanding of the regulation and the novel cellular function of the LKB1/ AMPK signaling pathway as well as the AMPK-related kinases.

Athletes' performance declines following contract years, MU researchers show
Ken Sheldon, professor of psychological sciences in the College of Arts & Science at the University of Missouri determined that the contract year performance boost is real, but they caution team managers and coaches that it might be followed by a post-contract performance crash -- a two-year pattern they call the

Flies with brothers make gentler lovers
Flies living with their brothers cause less harm to females during courting than those living with unrelated flies, say Oxford University scientists.

Case Western Reserve wins $12.7 million for AIDS research and clinical trials
AIDS researchers from Case Western Reserve University and University Hospitals Case Medical Center have received a seven-year funding award from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, part of the National Institutes of Health.

A*STAR signs agreement with Nestlé to strengthen food & nutrition R&D in Singapore
Singapore's Agency for Science, Technology and Research has entered into a research agreement with Nestlé today to help boost the company's expansion in R&D in the country.

Stanford researchers reveal more about how our brains control our arms
How do the neurons in the brain control planned versus unplanned arm movements?

Vulvar condition causing painful sex strikes twice as many Hispanic women
The prevalence and incidence rates of vulvodynia were substantial among all ethnic groups.

Mount Sinai research underscores the genetic complexity in schizophrenia
The genetic complexity of schizophrenia in schizophrenia is revealed in two large studies, which re the largest sequencing efforts to date on schizophrenia.

JILA strontium atomic clock sets new records in both precision and stability
Heralding a new age of terrific timekeeping, a research group led by a National Institute of Standards and Technology physicist has unveiled an experimental strontium atomic clock that has set new world records for both precision and stability -- key metrics for the performance of a clock.

Computer simulation of blood vessel growth
University of Utah bioengineers showed that tiny blood vessels grow better in the laboratory if the tissue surrounding them is less dense.

Complimentary press registration now open for ACMG 2014 Annual Clinical Genetics Meeting
From Incidental Findings to Whole Genome/Exome Sequencing to Cancer Genetics, the focus of the ACMG Meeting is on the actual practice of genetics and genomics in health care, showcasing the latest breakthroughs in genetics research and its practical applications to medical practice.

FASEB announces 2014 Science Research Conference: Skeletal Muscle Satellite and Stem Cells
This 2014 FASEB Science Research Conference focuses on recent advances in our understanding of the regulatory mechanisms controlling normal and abnormal functions of muscle-resident stem cells in regeneration, muscle homeostasis, hypertrophy, aging and muscle degenerative disease.

Long-term follow-up shows need for new chemotherapy strategies for rectal cancer
Appearing in Lancet Oncology, long-term results of EORTC trial 22921 with 10.4 years median follow-up show that 5-FU-based adjuvant chemotherapy after preoperative (chemo)-radiotherapy for patients with cT3-resectable T4 M0 rectal cancer does not improve survival or disease-free survival.

New genetic mutations shed light on schizophrenia
Genetic mutations in people with schizophrenia cluster in specific proteins offering a 'new window' into the disorder, according to a team of scientists.

Study says sharks/rays globally overfished
One quarter of the world's cartilaginous fish, namely sharks and rays, face extinction within the next few decades, according to the first study to systematically and globally assess their fate.

Scripps Florida scientists offer new insight into neuron changes brought about by aging
A new study from the Florida campus of the Scripps Research Institute offers insights into how aging affects the brain's neural circuitry, in some cases significantly altering gene expression in single neurons.

Holographic diagnostics
'Smart' holograms, which are currently being tested to monitor diabetes, and could be used to monitor a wide range of medical and environmental conditions in future, have been developed by researchers.

Rome to host ESC Congress for the first time
he European Society of Cardiology announced today that Rome was chosen as the venue for the ESC Congress 2016.

Jairo Sinova receives ERC funding to develop new spintronic concepts
Professor Jairo Sinova of Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz has been allocated a highly coveted ERC Synergy Grant to carry out spintronics research together with project partners from the United Kingdom and the Czech Republic.

Mass. Eye and Ear physician awarded RPB Career Development Award
The Harvard Medical School Department of Ophthalmology has been granted a $250,000 Research to Prevent Blindness Career Development Award to support eye research conducted by Jason I.

Exposure to cold temperatures can help boost weight loss
Regular exposure to mild cold may be a healthy and sustainable way to help people lose weight, according to researchers writing in the Cell Press publication Trends in Endocrinology & Metabolism on Jan.

Elsevier and the Institution of Structural Engineers launch research journal: Structures
Elsevier, world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, and the Institution of Structural Engineers, the world's leading professional body for qualifications and standards in structural engineering, announce their collaboration to publish Structures, a new online peer-reviewed journal covering the full breadth of structural engineering research.

Air Force awards over $1 million to UC trauma researchers
University of Cincinnati trauma and critical care researchers received over $1 million from the United States Air Force in a set of grant awards to study how air medical evacuation affects patients, medical professionals and equipment.

New program helps reduce HIV-risk in African-American women
A new community program is helping African-American women embrace good health by enabling treatment of substance abuse and mental health problems that increase their risk of HIV infection or spreading the virus.

Study identifies gene tied to motor neuron loss in ALS
Columbia University Medical Center researchers have identified a gene, called matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), that appears to play a major role in motor neuron degeneration in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, also known as Lou Gehrig's disease.

Xpert® MTB/RIF assay for pulmonary tuberculosis and rifampicin resistance in adults
The updated review assessing the accuracy of Xpert® MTB/RIF includes new studies published since the original Cochrane Review was published in January last year.

FASEB announces 2014 Science Conference: Yeast Chromosome Structure, Replication & Segregation
This 2014 FASEB Science Research Conference focuses on recent advances in our understanding of the molecular mechanisms that control genome integrity and cell division.

FASEB announces 2014 Science Research Conference: Immunoreceptors
This 2014 FASEB Science Research Conference is aimed at bringing the most recent advances in the field of immunoreceptors, in a highly interactive environment.

Emerging class of therapeutics represents a coming wave for developers and manufacturers
After years of research, development and testing, a new class of drugs is emerging on the market with two frontrunners acting as harbingers of what's to come.

Faster testing of new pharmaceuticals
To improve medical treatment, researchers test new drug ingredients on biological cells.

Drug discovery potential of natural microbial genomes
Scientists at the University of California, San Diego have developed a new genetic platform that allows efficient production of naturally occurring molecules, and have used it to produce a novel antibiotic compound.

FASEB announces 2014 Science Research Conference: 2nd International Conference on Retinoids
This 2014 Science Research Conference focuses on how retinoids are critical for many physiological and pathological processes, and how they can be developed into drugs to combat a broad array of diseases such as cancers, and neurological, dermatological, metabolic and immune diseases.

Hearing loss linked to accelerated brain tissue loss
Although the brain becomes smaller with age, the shrinkage seems to be fast-tracked in older adults with hearing loss, according to the results of a study by researchers from Johns Hopkins and the National Institute on Aging.

FASEB announces 2014 SRC: Translational Neuroimmunology: From Mechanisms to Therapeutics
This 2014 FASEB Science Research Conference focuses on recent advances in our understanding of the neuroimmune axis and its role in disease processes.

Heart attack survival far lower in UK than Sweden
The chance of surviving a heart attack is far lower in the UK than Sweden, according to a major new study published in The Lancet.

Galaxies on FIRE: Star feedback results in less massive galaxies
For decades, astrophysicists have encountered a contradiction: although many galactic-wind models -- simulations of how matter is distributed in our universe -- predict that most matter exists in stars at the center of galaxies, in actuality these stars account for less than 10 percent of the matter in the universe.

Putting 'Adam' in his rightful place in evolutionary history
Our most common male ancestor walked the earth 209,000 years ago -- earlier than scientists commonly thought -- according to new research from the University of Sheffield.

Sneak preview of Survey Telescope treasure trove
The VLT Survey Telescope (VST) at ESO's Paranal Observatory in Chile has captured this richly detailed new image of the Lagoon Nebula.

Malaria drug combo could help prevent pregnancy complications in lupus patients
An anti-malaria drug combination might be useful in helping to prevent pregnancy complications in women with lupus and the related disorder antiphospholipid syndrome, Yale School of Medicine researchers have found in a new study published in the American Journal of Reproductive Immunology.

From a carpet of nanorods to a thin film solar cell absorber within a few seconds
Research teams at the Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin and at the University of Limerick, Ireland, have discovered a novel solid state reaction which lets kesterite grains grow within a few seconds and at relatively low temperatures.

Risk of future disability to child should 'weigh heavily' in birthplace decisions
The risk of future long-term disability to the child should

The unexpected power of baby math
A new study from Tel Aviv University has found new evidence that educated adults retain traces of their innate sense of numbers from childhood -- and that it's more powerful than many scientists think.

Health disparities among US African-American and Hispanic men cost economy more than $450 billion
African-American men incurred $341.8 billion in excess medical costs due to health inequalities between 2006 and 2009, and Hispanic men incurred an additional $115 billion over the four-year period, according to a new study by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

IADR and Unilever partner to launch new behavioral research award
The International Association for Dental Research (IADR), with Unilever, today announced the creation of the

HRT cuts risk of repeat knee/hip replacement surgery by 40 percent
Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) taken regularly for six months after a knee or hip replacement seems to cut the risk of repeat surgery by around 40 percent, indicates a large population based study published online in the Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases.

Biophysical Society announces winners of 2014 International Travel Awards
The Biophysical Society has announced the winners of its international travel grants to attend the Biophysical Society's 58th Annual Meeting at the Moscone Center in San Francisco, Feb.

UT Southwestern's Dr. Beth Levine receives 2014 Stanley J. Korsmeyer Award
Dr. Beth Levine, a Howard Hughes Medical Institute Investigator and Director of the Center for Autophagy Research at UT Southwestern Medical Center, has received the 2014 Stanley J.

Can fish oil help preserve brain cells?
People with higher levels of the omega-3 fatty acids found in fish oil may also have larger brain volumes in old age equivalent to preserving one to two years of brain health, according to a study published in the Jan.

FASEB announces 2014 Science Research Conference: Molecular Biophysics of Membranes
This 2014 FASEB Science Research Conference will focus on the basic biophysical and structural principles underlying the structure and function of membranes and membrane proteins.

FASEB announces 2014 Science Research Conference: Nutrient Sensing and Metabolic Signaling
The 2014 FASEB Science Research Conference on Nutrient Sensing and Metabolic Signaling focuses on recent advances in the mechanisms by which nutrients and metabolites transduce information to cellular effector functions.

Deepwater Horizon: Identifying harmful elements of persisting oil
Scientists are unraveling the composition of persisting oil residues collected from Gulf of Mexico beaches following the Deepwater Horizon disaster, insisting on further assessment of the toxic impact of these chemical remnants on the marine ecosystem.

FASEB announces 2014 science research conference: Calcium and Cell Function
Participants at this meeting will have the opportunity to synthesize diverse information on the disposition and handling of calcium by these elements of the calcium signaling machinery, as well as to integrate new information on the pleiotropic actions of this signaling molecule on cellular function.

Major South African trial did not improve tuberculosis control in gold mines
A major trial aiming to cut the rate of tuberculosis among South Africa's gold miners did not reduce the number of cases or deaths from the disease, according to a study conducted by the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine in partnership with the Aurum Institute.

Study shows 1 in 5 women with ovarian cancer has inherited predisposition
A new study conservatively estimates that one in five women with ovarian cancer has inherited genetic mutations that increase the risk of the disease, according to research at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

FASEB announces 2014 SRC: Protein Phosphorylation, Cellular Plasticity & Signaling Rewiring
This FASEB Science Research Conference focuses on signaling pathway feedback loops, reprogramming and mechanisms of drug resistance due to signaling rewiring.

Virginia Tech-led pest-control plan saves up to $309 million for Indian farmers, consumers
Virginia Tech researchers who first discovered a devastating pest in India and devised a natural way to combat it have now put an economic value on their counterattack: up to $309 million the first year and more than $1 billion over five years.

Can personalized tumor vaccines improve interleukin-2 treated metastatic melanoma?
Metastatic melanoma has a poor prognosis, but treatment with high-dose interleukin-2 (IL2) can extend survival.

Biophysical Society announces winners of 2014 Education Committee Travel Awards
The Biophysical Society has announced the winners of its Education Committee Travel Awards to attend the Biophysical Society's 58th Annual Meeting at the Moscone Center in San Francisco, Feb.

New CU-Boulder study shows differences in mammal responses to climate change
Large mammals are responding more to human-caused climate change than small mammals, according to a new assessment by a University of Colorado Boulder research team.

Click away the snow
The control center at the Cologne Bonn Airport coordinates a number of actors during winter services.

Increase in hemlock forest offsetting effect of invasive hemlock woolly adelgid for now
In many regions, particularly in the southern Appalachians, the loss of hemlock to hemlock woolly adelgid has been devastating.

FASEB announces 2014 Science Research Conference: Retinal Neurobiology and Visual Processing
This 2014 FASEB Science Research Conference focuses on recent advances in understanding the neural circuitry that processes sensory information in the retina.

Scientists find that estrogen promotes blood-forming stem cell function
Scientists have known for years that stem cells in male and female sexual organs are regulated differently by their respective hormones.

A guppy's spots formed by layers of color cells
At least three pigment cell types from multiple layers of skin contribute to the color patterns of male guppies.

UCLA researchers develop risk calculator to predict survival in heart failure patients
A UCLA team has developed an easy-to-use

'Surveillance minimization' needed to restore trust
Surveillance minimization -- where surveillance is the exception, not the rule -- could help rebuild public trust following revelations about the collection of personal data, according to a law academic from the University of East Anglia.

World's dangerous neighborhoods produce aggressive children
Across the globe, children growing up in dangerous neighborhoods exhibit more aggressive behavior, says a new Duke University study that is the first to examine the topic across a wide range of countries.

Image or reality? Leaf research needs photos and lab analysis
Every picture tells a story, but the story digital photos tell about how forests respond to climate change could be incomplete, according to new research.

FASEB announces 2014 Science Research Conference: Protein Phosphatases
This FASEB Science Research Conference focuses on recent advances in our understanding of the role of phosphatases in normal and disease physiology.

U-Michigan ecologists: No magic bullet for coffee rust eradication
Spraying fungicide to kill coffee rust disease, which has ravaged Latin American plantations since late 2012, is an approach that is

FASEB announces 2014 SRC: Phospholipid Cell Signaling & Metabolism in Inflammation & Cancer
The main topics are: signal transduction, cancer, inflammation, lipid imaging and therapeutics.

Study finds paid search ads don't always pay off
Businesses spend billions to reach customers through online advertising but just how effective are paid search ads?

Particulate air pollution leads to increased heart attack risk
Long-term exposure to particulate matter is associated with an increased risk for heart attack.

Unprecedented structural insights: NMDA receptors can be blocked to limit neurotoxicity
Structural biologists at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory and collaborators at Emory University have obtained important scientific results likely to advance efforts to develop new drugs targeting NMDA receptors in the brain.

New drug shows promise in treating indolent non-Hodgkin lymphomas
A new drug, idelalisib, showed promise in a phase 2 study for treating patients with indolent non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

$7.5 million to JAX from South Korean government for cancer genomics project
The Jackson Laboratory, in collaboration with Seoul National University, will receive a five-year, $7.5 million grant from the South Korean government for a large-scale cancer genomics project employing the latest sequencing technology and special JAX mouse models that can host human tumors.

Nighttime smartphone use zaps workers' energy
Using a smartphone to cram in more work at night results in less work the next day, indicates new research co-authored by a Michigan State University business scholar.

Detecting chemicals, measuring strain with a pencil and paper
A team of Northwestern University students has proven that pencils and regular office paper can be used to measure strain on an object and detect hazardous gases.

Modest familial risks for multiple sclerosis
Even though multiple sclerosis is largely caused by genetic factors, the risk of patients' relatives developing the disease is lower than previously assumed.

Spider silk ties scientists up in knots
Two years ago, researchers from Iowa State University (USA) published a study which concluded that spider silk conducts heat as well as metals.

Atomic-scale catalysts may produce cheap hydrogen
Researchers at North Carolina State University have shown that a one-atom thick film of molybdenum sulfide (MoS2) may work as an effective catalyst for creating hydrogen.

International experts swarm to London for bee health 'summit'
Leading researchers from around the world are meeting in London this week for a three-day

Better protein capture a boon for drug manufacturers
Rice University scientists have created a way to fine tune a process critical to the pharmaceutical industry that could save time and money.

FASEB announces SRC: Molecular Mechanisms of Intestinal Lipid Transport & Metabolism
This FASEB Science Research Conference will focus on the regulation and molecular mechanisms of intestinal lipid digestion and absorption with new translational emphasis on the importance of these processes to understanding the mechanisms of health maintenance and development of chronic diseases, such as obesity, insulin resistance and diabetes, dyslipidemia, intestinal failure and gastrointestinal inflammation.

Regenstrief, IU study: Half of hospitalized adults over 65 need surrogate decision-makers
Nearly half of hospitalized American adults age 65 and older require decision-making assistance from family members or other surrogates because the patient is too impaired to make decisions independently, according to a new study from the Regenstrief Institute and the Indiana University Center for Aging Research.

HMS receives RPB Medical Student Eye Research Fellowship
The Harvard Medical School Department of Ophthalmology has been granted a $30,000 Research to Prevent Blindness Medical Student Eye Research Fellowship for Christina Marsica Grassi.

Fraunhofer solar researchers are awarded the coveted Zayed Future Energy Prize 2014
The dedication of the Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE in Freiburg to renewables over many years has now been recognized in the form of the Zayed Future Energy Prize 2014.

FASEB announces 2014 Science Research Conference: Lipid and Lipid Regulated Kinases in Cancer
This 2014 FASEB Science Research Conference focuses on recent advances in our understanding of lipid-regulated signal transduction cascades, lipid mediators, and lipid targets that are known to play major roles in the initiation and progression of human cancers.

Toward fixing damaged hearts through tissue engineering
In the US, someone suffers a heart attack every 34 seconds -- their heart is starved of oxygen and suffers irreparable damage.

Rice University laser scientists create portable sensor for nitrous oxide, methane
Rice University scientists have created a highly sensitive portable sensor to test the air for the most damaging greenhouse gases.

New studies show that many rare mutations contribute to schizophrenia risk
Researchers from the Broad Institute and several partnering institutions have taken a closer look at the human genome to learn more about the genetic underpinnings of schizophrenia.

Parental exposure to THC Linked to drug addiction, compulsive behavior in unexposed offspring
Adolescent marijuana use may have adverse impacts in adult progeny not directly exposed to marijuana.

Biophysical Society announces winners of 2014 CPOW Travel Awards
The Biophysical Society has announced the winners of its annual CPOW Travel Awards to attend the Biophysical Society's 58th Annual Meeting at the Moscone Center in San Francisco, Feb.

FASEB announces SRC: Liver Biology -- Fundamental Mechanisms & Translational Applications
This SRC brings together experts from different areas of liver biology and medicine to focus on fundamental biological mechanisms of liver development, regeneration, metabolic regulation and liver cancer.

NASA-funded sounding rocket to catch aurora in the act
On Jan. 24, 2014, Marilia Samara will be waiting for the perfect aurora.

Moving in cycles: The surprisingly resilient nature of privacy online
For over a decade, numerous voices have claimed that online privacy is dead, due to users disclosing their personal details in social media and fuelling government mass surveillance.

FASEB announces 2014 Science Research Conference: Virus Structure and Assembly
This 2014 FASEB Science Research Conference focuses on structural virology and the application of structure to our understanding of the progression of events that are the virus lifecycle: receptor binding, entry, intracellular trafficking, uncoating, replication, assembly, and exit.

Number of cancer stem cells might not predict outcome in HPV-related oral cancers
New research from the Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center -- Arthur G.

FASEB announces Science Research conference: Genome Engineering -- Research & Applications
The meeting organizers have planned nine scientific sessions that cover a range of topics from foundational basic science topics such as DNA repair and protein engineering to translational applications for the technology such as synthetic biology and genome engineering of stem cells.

North and Tropical Atlantic Ocean bringing climate change to Antarctica, NYU researchers find
The gradual warming of the North and Tropical Atlantic Ocean is contributing to climate change in Antarctica, a team of New York University scientists has concluded.

Gene therapy leads to robust improvements in animal model of fatal muscle disease
Preclinical studies show that gene therapy can strengthen muscles and lengthen lives in animal models of a fatal congenital disease in children, X-linked myotubular myopathy.

New industrial processes for the recycling of critical metals from waste batteries
The CoLaBats initiative works in provide new industrial processes for the recycling of the critical metals cobalt and lanthanides and key economic metals nickel and Lithium, from waste batteries, significantly improving recycling efficiencies and metal purity from existing recovery routes.

European epilepsy consortium identifies new gene for severe childhood epilepsy
Using a novel combination of technologies, the EuroEPINOMICS RES consortium found mutations in CHD2 responsible for a subset of epilepsy patients with symptoms similar to Dravet syndrome -- a severe form of childhood epilepsy that is in many patients resistant to currently available anti-epileptic drugs.

Seashells inspire new way to preserve bones for archeologists, paleontologists
Recreating the story of humanity's past by studying ancient bones can hit a snag when they deteriorate, but scientists are now reporting an advance inspired by seashells that can better preserve valuable remains.

Who's to blame for obesity? Policymakers, the food industry, or individuals?
A research survey conducted by two food economists revealed that most people believe individuals are to blame for their own obesity -- not restaurants, grocery stores, farmers, or government policies.

FASEB announces 2014 SRC: Protein Interactions, Structures, Technologies & Networks
This FASEB Science Research Conference focuses on recent advances in the methods for protein structure analysis.

FASEB announces 2014 Science Research Conference: Biology of the Immune System
This FASEB Science Research Conference provides a small meeting forum for cutting-edge research in basic immunology.

Breast cancer in young women after treatment for Hodgkin's disease
Girls treated for Hodgkin's disease during adolescence acquire a considerable risk of developing breast cancer, as shown by an observational study published in the current issue of Deutsches Ärzteblatt International.
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