Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 24, 2014
Space-raised flies show weakened immunity to fungus
Venturing into space might be a bold adventure, but it may not be good for your immune system.

CWRU researchers find epileptic activity spreads in new way
Researchers in the biomedical engineering department at Case Western Reserve University have found that epileptic activity can spread through a part of the brain in a new way, suggesting a possible novel target for seizure-blocking medicines.

Scientists develop powerful new animal model for metastatic prostate cancer
Prostate cancer is the most common form of cancer in men, yet research has been stymied by imperfect animal models of the disease.

Infections damage our ability to form spatial memories
Increased inflammation following an infection impairs the brain's ability to form spatial memories -- according to new research.

Researchers use sensory integration model to understand unconscious priming
Priming, an unconscious phenomenon that causes the context of information to change the way we think or behave, has frustrated scientists as they have unsuccessfully attempted to understand how it works.

Plant scientists unravel a molecular switch to stimulate leaf growth
Mechanisms that determine the size of plants have fascinated plant scientists of all times, however they are far from understood.

From one cell to many: How did multicellularity evolve?
In the beginning there were single cells. Today, many millions of years later, most plants, animals, fungi, and algae are composed of multiple cells that work collaboratively as a single being.

Omnibus appropriations bill signed into law
The Academy of Radiology Research thanks Congress and the President for their support of the omnibus appropriations bill.

Scripps Research Institute chemist Chi-Huey Wong wins prestigious Wolf Prize
Chi-Huey Wong, professor of chemistry at The Scripps Research Institute, has won the 2014 Wolf Prize in Chemistry for his pioneering contributions to the synthesis of compounds vitally important to biology and medicine.

Digging Into Data award winner
A winning team is developing MIning Relationships Among variables in large data sets from CompLEx systems.

Lal Teer and BGI jointly announced the complete sequence of water buffalo
Lal Teer Livestock Limited, an associate of LalTeer Seed Ltd., the largest seed company in Bangladesh with strong hybrid research program, and BGI, the world's largest genomics organization, jointly announced today that they have completed the genome sequencing of water buffalo and the bioinformatics analysis.

Cause identified for children and adults with joint, skeletal and skin problems
Scientists from the University of Manchester and Central Manchester University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust have identified the cause of a rare condition called Leri's pleonosteosis.

Dr. Jeremy Robinson of NRL wins Presidential Early Career Award
Dr. Jeremy Robinson of the US Naval Research Laboratory is a recipient of the 2012 Presidential Early Career Awards for Scientists and Engineers.

Researchers launch Phase 1 clinical trial of potential MRSA treatment
Scientists have begun the first human clinical trial of EDP-788, an investigational oral antibiotic intended to treat methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infections.

University of Montana researchers awarded grant by NFL and GE to forward brain research
Athletes, members of the military and others suffering from traumatic brain injury may benefit from research conducted by two University of Montana faculty members through a new $300,000 grant awarded by General Electric Co. and the National Football League.

Study backs giving flu vaccine to working-age adults with diabetes
A new study in Diabetologia (the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes) suggests that working age adults with diabetes are at an increased risk of influenza compared with people without diabetes, affirming the need to target people with diabetes for influenza vaccination.

Maternal-fetal medicine professionals identify ways to reduce first cesarean
A recently published article, based on a workshop,

Simple protein test could improve prediction of survival rates for patients with head and neck cance
Scientists from The University of Manchester -- part of the Manchester Cancer Research Centre -- used a simple protein test that could prove more useful in predicting survival chances for patients with head-and-neck cancer compared to existing methods.

The origin of the evil conformation
Prions form when normal proteins acquire a misfolded conformation and cause incurable neurodegenerative diseases.

Academics discover variation in circadian clock protein in fruit flies
The circadian clock is a molecular network that generates daily rhythms, and is present in both plants and animals.

Do religious people love their neighbors? Yes -- some neighbors, Baylor study finds
Most religions teach their followers to

Biases in animal studies may differ from those in clinical trials, UCSF study finds
A new analysis of animal studies on cholesterol-lowering statins by UC San Francisco researchers found that non-industry studies had results that favored the drugs even more than studies funded by industry.

Dietary treatment shows potential in a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease
New research findings indicate that an early onset of dietary treatment may slow down the progression of Alzheimer's disease.

Immune system drives pregnancy complications after fetal surgery in mice
UCSF researchers have shown that, in mice at least, pregnancy complications after fetal surgery are triggered by activation of the mother's T cells.

IOS Press launches Open Access Journal of Facade Design and Engineering
IOS Press is pleased to launch of the Journal of Facade Design and Engineering, an open access journal, edited by Prof.

NASA spacecraft take aim at nearby supernova
An exceptionally close stellar explosion discovered on Jan. 21 has become the focus of observatories around and above the globe, including several NASA spacecraft.

Federico Rosei receives the CSC Award for Research Excellence in Materials Chemistry
The Canadian Society for Chemistry has bestowed its 2014 Award for Research Excellence in Materials Chemistry on professor Federico Rosei, director of the INRS Energie Materiaux Telecommunications research center, in recognition of his exceptional contributions to the field.

New study changes conceptions about the determinants of skull development and form
A new study by a team of researchers led by Matthew Ravosa, professor of biological sciences and concurrent professor of aerospace and mechanical engineering and anthropology at the University of Notre Dame, offers surprising insights into dietary influences on the growing skull.

Integrating vegetation into sustainable transportation planning may benefit public health
Strategic placement of trees and plants near busy roadways may enhance air quality and positively impact public health.

40 percent of parents learn how to use technology from their children
Teresa Correa, University Diego Portales (in Santiago, Chile), conducted in-depth interviews with 14 parent/child sets and surveyed 242 parent/child sets.

University of Hawaii scientists make a big splash
Researchers from the University of Hawaii, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, and University of California discovered that interplanetary dust particles could deliver water and organics to the Earth and other terrestrial planets.

When hospitals share patient records, emergency patients benefit, study suggests
As hospitals and doctors' offices across the country race to join online systems that let them share medical information securely, a new study suggests that these systems may already be helping cut unnecessary care.

2-way street
Scientists have called for data held in biobanks to be made accessible to the people donating material and data to them.

Study expands the cancer genomics universe
By analyzing the genomes of thousands of patients' tumors, a Broad Institute-led research team has discovered many new cancer genes -- expanding the list of known genes tied to these cancers by 25 percent.

UH's Jack Christiansen honored by engineering society
Jack Christiansen, director of the Petroleum Technology Initiative in the University of Houston's College of Technology, has been named winner of the Ross Kastor Educators Award from the American Society of Mechanical Engineers.

Do doctors spend too much time looking at computer screen?
When physicians spend too much time looking at the computer screen in the exam room, nonverbal cues may get overlooked and affect doctors' ability to pay attention and communicate with patients, according to a Northwestern Medicine® study.

Do patient decision support interventions lead to savings? A systematic review
Publicity surrounding the implementation of patient decision support interventions traditionally focuses on two areas of improvement: helping patients make better decisions AND lowering health care spending.

Rainforests in Far East shaped by humans for the last 11,000 years
New research from Queen's University Belfast shows that the tropical forests of South East Asia have been shaped by humans for the last 11,000 years.

Now Available -- Genome Stability: DNA Repair and Recombination by James E. Haber
Garland Science is proud to announce the publication of Genome Stability: DNA Repair and Recombination by James E.

Impulsive personality linked to food addiction
The same kinds of impulsive behavior that lead some people to abuse alcohol and other drugs may also be an important contributor to an unhealthy relationship with food, according to new research from the University of Georgia.

Aspirin intake may stop growth of vestibular schwannomas/acoustic neuromas
Researchers from Massachusetts Eye and Ear, Harvard Medical School, Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Massachusetts General Hospital have demonstrated, for the first time, that aspirin intake correlates with halted growth of vestibular schwannomas (also known as acoustic neuromas), a sometimes lethal intracranial tumor that typically causes hearing loss and tinnitus.

Highly reliable brain-imaging protocol identifies delays in premature infants
Infants born prematurely are at elevated risk for cognitive, motor, and behavioral deficits -- the severity of which was, until recently, almost impossible to accurately predict in the neonatal period with conventional brain-imaging technology.

Loyola physician research shows gap in care for childhood cancer survivors
A recent study shows that many internists feel ill-equipped to care for adult patients who are childhood cancer survivors.

Cedars-Sinai clinical trial studies vaccine targeting cancer stem cells in brain cancers
An early-phase clinical trial of an experimental vaccine that targets cancer stem cells in patients with recurrent glioblastoma multiforme, the most common and aggressive malignant brain tumor, has been launched by researchers at Cedars-Sinai's Department of Neurosurgery, Johnnie L.

A good tern deserves another
A new report in the International Journal of Computational Science and Engineering, reveals details of an energy-efficient system for monitoring wild birds that reduces power consumption without significantly compromising image quality.

Biomarker for stress hormones in polar bears, wildlife affected by global climate change
Last year, researchers reported fluctuations in climate and ice cover related to stress in polar bears as indicated by levels of cortisol in hair samples measured in Meyer's lab.

Researchers developing new approach for imaging dense breasts for abnormalities
Dartmouth engineers and radiologists develop new approach for diagnostic imaging of dense breasts with suspicious lesions.

Psychologists document the age our earliest memories fade
Although infants use their memories to learn new information, few adults can remember events in their lives that happened prior to the age of three.

Landmark egg production study reveals reduction in environmental impact over past 50 years
A new study published in Poultry Science shows that while US egg production has increased over the past 50 years, the industry has also been able to significantly decrease its environmental footprint.
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