Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 28, 2014
Malaria screening unsuccessful in some schools
A school-based intermittent screening and treatment program for malaria in rural coastal Kenya had no benefits on the health and education of school children, according to a study by international researchers published in this week's PLOS Medicine.

Targeted tutoring can reduce 'achievement gap' for CPS students, study finds
High school students who were at risk for dropping out greatly improved their math test scores and school attendance with the help of intensive tutoring and mentoring, according to a new study by the University of Chicago Urban Education Lab.

Churn Burn: Report outlines state strategies to assist with health insurance transitions
A new culture of health care has been ushered in by the Affordable Care Act, but, for Americans with varying incomes, it is a bit more complicated.

5 Nobel Laureates attending EuroScience Open Forum in Copenhagen
Five Nobel Laureates will be among the speakers at Europe's largest general science event.

Finding points to possible new Parkinson's therapy
A new study shows that, when properly manipulated, a population of support cells found in the brain called astrocytes could provide a new and promising approach to treat Parkinson's disease.

NJIT distinguished professor Atam P. Dhawan, of Randolph, named AIMBE Fellow
Atam P. Dhawan, of Randolph, a distinguished professor in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at New Jersey Institute of Technology, has been elected a Fellow of the American Institute of Medical and Biological Engineering for contributions in medical imaging.

Price highlighting helps consumers stick to longer-term product preferences
Just when that new gym membership is looking like a mistake, recent marketing research shows that reminding consumers of the price strengthens their purchase choices and leads to long-term satisfaction.

80 million SEK study seeks to explain what drives our appetites
Understanding how early life experiences may affect food choices in adulthood will be investigated as part of a major new research initiative, which includes researchers from the Sahlgrenska Academy.

Rio Grande fift, Rum Jungle complex, Black Sea, West Africa craton, California faults
The February 2014 Lithosphere is now online. Papers cover strain rates measured in travertine in the Rio Grande rift, central New Mexico; age dating of the granitic Neoarchean Rum Jungle complex, Australia; the first lithosphere-scale illustration of the structural evolution of the Black Sea Basin; geodynamic modeling of craton formation; evaluation of the central Garlock fault in Pilot Knob Valley, California; and analysis of Anza network-USArray station seismic records of San Jacinto fault (California) activity.

Research shows arsenic, mercury and selenium in Asian carp not a health concern to most
Researchers at the Prairie Research Institute's Illinois Natural History Survey have found that overall, concentrations of arsenic, selenium, and mercury in bighead and silver carp from the lower Illinois River do not appear to be a health concern for a majority of human consumers.

Brain structure, function predict future memory performance in children, adolescents
Brain structure and function may predict a child's future memory performance, according to a Jan.

Skin cell response to environmental stimuli like viruses may predict type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is a genetically-driven autoimmune disease of pancreatic beta-cells, whose origins remain unknown.

Intranasal vaccine protects mice against West Nile infection
Researchers from Duke University have developed a nasal vaccine formulation that provides protective immunity against West Nile virus infection in mice after only two doses.

Protein modifies thyroid hormone levels according to body temperature
Research improves our understanding of the changes that occur during fevers; it also sheds light on the euphoric feeling some people get when in a hot bath or sauna.

Microwires as mobile phone sensors
A study by the UPV/EHU's Magnetism Group is making progress in furthering understanding of the surface magnetic behavior of glass-coated microwires and has concluded that they are the major candidates for use as high sensitivity sensors, in mobile phones, for example.

American Chemical Society podcast: Bringing medical testing to remote locales
The latest episode in the American Chemical Society's award-winning Global Challenges/Chemistry Solutions podcast series features a small, paper-based device that can monitor or detect disease with no electricity or expensive lab analyses required.

STRIATUS/JBJS, Inc., expands into data products for the scholarly publishing community
STRIATUS/JBJS, Inc., publisher of the Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery and its family of journals and educational offerings, is pleased to announce the acquisition of PRE-score, a new journal metric product that seeks to help readers identify journals that conduct ethical, rigorous peer review, and to quantify peer-review approaches upon publication of individual articles.

UA researchers find culprit behind skeletal muscle disease
Genetic mutations in titin, a protein that is vital for proper muscular function, can cause skeletal muscle disease, according to a new study by UA doctoral candidate Danielle Buck and her mentor, Henk Granzier, published Monday in the Journal of General Physiology.

Aspirin still overprescribed for stroke prevention in AF
Aspirin is still overprescribed for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation despite the potential for dangerous side effects, according to research published today.

Agent Orange linked to skin cancer risk, reports Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Vietnam War veterans with prior exposure to the herbicide Agent Orange may be at higher risk for certain types of skin cancer, suggests a report in the February issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons.

Berkeley Lab research finds running may be better than walking for breast cancer survival
Previous studies have shown that breast cancer survivors who meet the current exercise recommendations (2.5 hours of moderate intensity physical activity per week) are at 25 percent lower risk for dying from breast cancer.

International patient alliance to fund Spanish Friedreich's ataxia gene-therapy project
The gene therapy-based research project to tackle Friedreich's ataxia launched in November in labs at the Institute for Research in Biomedicine, in Barcelona, and the

Labeling obesity as a disease may have psychological costs
Messages that describe obesity as a disease may undermine healthy behaviors and beliefs among obese individuals, according to a new study published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

Measuring waist circumference would improve the detection of children and adolescents with cardiometabolic risk
A study led by researchers from IMIM (Hospital del Mar Medical Research Institute) concludes that including waist circumference measurements in clinical practice, together with the traditional height and weight measurements, would make it easier to detect children and adolescents with cardiometabolic risk.

GW receives up to $14.6 million to develop method to characterize security threats
A team led by a George Washington University researcher will receive up to $14.6 million over five years from the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency to develop an approach to rapidly identify the root of biological and chemical threats.

NREL study: Active power control of wind turbines can improve power grid reliability
The Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory, along with partners from the Electric Power Research Institute and the University of Colorado have completed a comprehensive study to understand how wind power technology can assist the power grid by controlling the active power output being placed onto the system.

EORTC study shows value of HRQOL assessment in small cell lung cancer
The European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer study published in Lancet Oncology found that health-related quality of life assessment in small-cell lung cancer randomized clinical trials provides relevant added information in studies where the treatment arms do not differ in terms of efficacy.

'Weeding the garden' lets ALK+ lung cancer patients continue crizotinib
Patients taking crizotinib for ALK+ non-small cell lung cancer may safely and durably use up to three courses of targeted radiation therapy to eradicate pockets of drug-resistant disease.

New operating principle of potassium channels discovered
Neurons transmit information with the help of special channels that allow the passage of potassium ions.

New NASA laser technology reveals how ice measures up
New results from NASA's MABEL campaign demonstrated that a photon-counting technique will allow researchers to track the melt or growth of Earth's frozen regions.

UH researchers create new flexible, transparent conductor
University of Houston researchers have developed a new stretchable and transparent electrical conductor, bringing the potential for a fully foldable cell phone or a flat-screen television that can be folded and carried under your arm closer to reality.

What makes us human?: Unique brain area linked to higher cognitive powers
Oxford University researchers have identified an area of the human brain that appears unlike anything in the brains of some of our closest relatives.

Study examines repeat colonoscopy in patients with polyps referred for surgery without biopsy-proven cancer
A new study reports that in the absence of biopsy-proven invasive cancer, a second colonoscopy done at an expert center may be appropriate to reevaluate patients referred for surgical resection.

Preterm birth is associated with increased risk of asthma and wheezing disorders
Children who are born preterm have an increased risk developing asthma and wheezing disorders during childhood according to new research published in PLOS Medicine.

23andMe helps identify 11 new genetic associations for asthma-with-hay fever
23andMe, the leading personal genetics company, has participated in the first ever genome-wide association study of the combined asthma-with-hay fever phenotype.

University of Tennessee Florida Everglades research to help climate change mitigation
The Florida Everglades are a region of tropical wetlands, home to many rare and endangered plants and a 15,000-year human history.

UTSA launches first Open Compute Certification and Solution Laboratory in North America
The University of Texas at San Antonio has launched the first Open Compute Certification and Solution Laboratory in North America with support from the Open Compute Project Foundation.

'Natural' engineering offers solution against future flooding
Soft engineering offers solution to flood misery across the United Kingdom.

Watches up in Australia as NASA sees System 99P developing
NASA's Aqua satellite passed over the tropical low pressure area designated as System 99P and infrared data shows that the low is getting organized.

Chinese Scientist wins Wiley-IPCAS Psychological Award for analysis of overconfidence
John Wiley & Sons, Inc., is pleased to announce that Shu Li from the Chinese Academy of Sciences has won the annual Wiley-IPCAS prize for excellence in Chinese psychological science.

Animal model demonstrates role for metabolic enzyme in acute myeloid leukemia
In recent years, mutant IDH proteins have been proposed as attractive drug targets for acute myeloid leukemia.

UCSF team wins $2.7 million grant for innovative project to reduce premature births
UC San Francisco has been awarded a Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation grant of $2.7 million over three years for a collaborative project aimed at reducing premature births.

Early rehabilitation important for recovery after severe traumatic brain injury
Early rehabilitation interventions seem to be essential for how well a patient recovers after a severe brain injury.

Fertilizer nutrient imbalance to limit food production in Africa
A growing imbalance between phosphorus and nitrogen fertilizer use in Africa could lead to crop yield reductions of nearly 30 percent by 2050, according to a new study from researchers at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis.

Tropics are main source of global mammal diversity
Scientists recognize that some regions contain more species than others, and that the tropics are richer in biodiversity than temperate regions.

CU awarded DARPA cooperative agreement to assess mechanisms of drugs and chemical agents
The University of Colorado Boulder has been awarded a cooperative agreement worth up to $14.6 million from the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency to develop a new technological system to rapidly determine how drugs and biological or chemical agents exert their effects on human cells.

Asia's first under-1-roof Nutritional Research Centre set up in Singapore
The Clinical Nutrition Research Centre -- a $20 million joint-venture by the Agency for Science, Technology and Research and National University Health Systems ̶ is the most comprehensive centre in Asia that will conduct nutritional studies to understand the causes of metabolic diseases such as diabetes and obesity, and develop products and formulate diets that can reduce the risks of these diseases.

Low levels of pro-inflammatory agent help cognition in rats
Although inflammation is frequently a cause of disease in the body, research from the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio indicates that low levels of a pro-inflammatory cytokine in the brain are important for cognition.

NASA spots developing tropical system affecting Mozambique's Nampala Province
NASA's Aqua satellite captured infrared data on a developing area of tropical low pressure known as System 91S that was brushing the Nampala Province of Mozambique on January 28.

Effective control of invasive weeds can help attempts at reforestation in Panama
Attempts to replant cleared areas of rainforest are hindered in central Panama due to the overgrown grass areas.

Research could bring new devices that control heat flow
Researchers are proposing a new technology that might control the flow of heat the way electronic devices control electrical current, an advance that could have applications in a diverse range of fields from electronics to textiles.

Caffeine use disorder: A widespread health problem that needs more attention
New research shows further exploration of the negative effects of caffeine use is needed.

High-tech 'whole body' scan could improve treatment of bone marrow cancer
A pioneering scanning technique that can image a patient's entire body can reveal where cancer is affecting the bones and guide doctors in their choice of treatment, new research reveals.

Automated system could efficiently identify high-risk osteoporosis patients
An automated system that identifies high-risk osteoporosis patients being treated for fractures and can generate letters encouraging follow-up is an effective way to promote osteoporosis intervention and prevent future fractures, according to Penn State College of Medicine researchers.

Resetting the metabolic clock
Researchers at UC Santa Barbara, in collaboration with scientists from UC San Diego and the University of Southern California, have gained insight into the metabolic aspect of the mammalian circadian rhythm.

$7 million multi-institutional contract creates New York City Clinical Data Research Network
A $7M contract brings together seven NYC health systems to encourage data sharing and recruitment of patients for clinical trials.

New molecule protects brain from detrimental effects linked to diabetes and high blood sugar
Researchers at the Hebrew university of Jerusalem have created a molecule that could potentially lower diabetic patients' higher risk of developing dementia or Alzheimer's disease, and pave the way for preventive treatment of damages caused by high sugar levels.

Research into 'silent' adrenal tumors detected by CT scans provides much-needed guidance for clinical management
CT scans are increasingly performed for a variety of medical indications, including for general health screening, which is growing in popularity.

Parents less likely to spank after reading briefly about its links to problems in children
Parents who spank believe it's an effective way to discipline children.

Certain probiotics could help women lose weight
Certain probiotics could help women lose weight and keep it off, according to a recent study published in the British Journal of Nutrition by a team of researchers headed by Université Laval Professor Angelo Tremblay.

Interfacing with the future
Many of today's most significant technological advances hinge on the development of revolutionary interfaces.

Bacterial toxin a potential trigger for multiple sclerosis
Researchers from Weill Cornell Medical College have added to the growing body of evidence that multiple sclerosis may be triggered by a toxin produced by common foodborne bacteria.

Future directions for landmark diabetes study in journal Diabetes Care
The journal Diabetes Care, published by the American Association of Diabetes, features a series of articles commemorating the 30th anniversary of two groundbreaking diabetes studies.

Researchers open door to new HIV therapy
UC Berkeley structural biologist James Hurley and NIH cell biologist Juan Bonifacino have identified a new target for possible anti-AIDS drugs that would complement the current cocktail of drugs used to keep HIV in check.

'Chameleon of the sea' reveals its secrets
The cuttlefish, known as the

Melatonin shows potential to slow tumor growth in certain breast cancers
An early stage study shows melatonin -- a hormone that regulates the body's sleep and awake cycles -- may have the potential to help slow the growth of certain breast cancer tumors, according to researchers from Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit and Foundation for Research Support of the State of São Paulo.

Bristol joins Intel Parallel Computing Center Program to collaborate on parallel computing
Intel has selected the University of Bristol as an Intel® Parallel Computing Center in recognition of the university's high performance computing group's world-leading research into the efficient use of many-core parallel computer architectures, and its leadership in driving open parallel programming standards.

PM Netanyahu announces CyberSpark National Cyber Research Complex
Israel Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Ben-Gurion University of the Negev President Rivka Carmi yesterday announced the establishment of a national cyber complex in Beer-Sheva, called CyberSpark.

David Allis, pioneer in epigenetics, to receive prestigious Japan Prize
Allis's discovery that chemical

Parenting plays key role when African-American boys move from preschool to kindergarten
With implications for all children, a new study from UNC's Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute has found that parenting affects the academic and social performance of African-American boys as they move from preschool to kindergarten.

How politics divide Facebook friendships
A new study from the Georgia Institute of Technology suggests that politics are the great divider.

Converting adult human cells to hair-follicle-generating stem cells
Researchers have come up with a method to convert adult cells into epithelial stem cells, the first time anyone has achieved this in either humans or mice.

Empa and NIMS join forces to publish open-access journal
On 27 January 2014, Empa , the Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology, and the Japanese National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS) signed a 5-year collaborative agreement on co-publishing the open access journal

H.M.'s brain yields new evidence
During his lifetime, Henry G. Molaison (H.M.) was the best-known and possibly the most-studied patient of modern neuroscience.

Voice may change after rhinoplasty, reports plastic and reconstructive surgery
Patients who have undergone plastic surgery to change the appearance of their nose may also notice changes in the sound of their voice, reports a study in the February issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery®, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons.

Parents unclear about process for specialist care for kids
Parents vary widely in views about their responsibilities in getting specialty care for their children, according to a new University of Michigan C.S.

Brain regions thought to be uniquely human share many similarities with monkeys
New research suggests a surprising degree of similarity in the organization of regions of the brain that control language and complex thought processes in humans and monkeys.

Springer Science+Business Media acquires Planète Permis SAS
Springer Science+Business Media has acquired the French publisher of driving school materials, Planète Permis SAS, based in Gertwiller (Alsace), France.

2014 Ocean Sciences Meeting: Discover the latest in oceanography; press registration open
At the 2014 Ocean Sciences Meeting discover the latest in the ocean sciences.

Impact of battlefield-related genitourinary injuries described in Journal of Men's Health
The often debilitating long-term sexual, psychological, fertility, and hormonal effects of these traumatic wounds and the need for new coordinated approaches to care are the focus of a Review article and Guest Editorial in Journal of Men's Health.
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