Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 31, 2014
Osteoporosis screening recommendations may miss two-thirds of women aged 50 to 64
The US Preventive Services Task Force recommendation on osteoporosis screenings may not identify the majority of women in the 50-64 age group who would be potential candidates for osteoporosis therapy.

Study shows autistic brains create more information at rest
New research from Case Western Reserve University and University of Toronto neuroscientists finds that the brains of autistic children generate more information at rest -- a 42 percent increase on average.

NASA's Aqua satellite sees System 91S struggling
NASA's Aqua satellite provided infrared data on System 91S in the Mozambique Channel that showed a system battered by wind shear, stretched out, with broken convection.

Vibrations influence the circadian clock of a fruit fly
The internal circadian clock of a Drosophila (fruit fly) can be synchronized using vibrations, according to research published today in the journal Science.

Three native aromatics indicated for use in Mediterranean extensive green roofs
Scientists investigated native aromatic xyrophytes for use in extensive green roofs in semiarid Mediterranean regions using locally produced grape marc compost as a substrate component.

Dartmouth scientists develop protocol to harvest mouse cell lines for melanoma research
Dartmouth researchers have developed a protocol that permits cells harvested from melanoma tumors in mice to grow readily in cell culture.

One planet, 2 stars: New research shows how circumbinary planets form
Luke Skywalker's home planet Tatooine would have formed far from its current location in the Star Wars universe, a new University of Bristol study into its real world counterparts, observed by the Kepler space telescope, suggests.

Forensic experts compile guide on how to ID child abuse, starvation
Forensic science experts from North Carolina State University have just published a comprehensive overview of forensic research that can be used to identify child abuse and starvation.

Dormant prostate cancer cells may be reawakened by factors produced in inflammatory cells
Researchers in the Cedars-Sinai Samuel Oschin Comprehensive Cancer Institute discovered in pre-clinical models that dormant prostate cancer cells found in bone tissue can be reawakened, causing metastasis to other parts of the body.

Potential biomarkers for the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease
Researchers identify abnormal expression of genes, resulting from DNA relaxation, that can be detected in the brain and blood of Alzheimer's patients.

Report outlines progress, challenges in childhood cancer
A new report from the American Cancer Society outlines progress made and challenges that remain in fighting childhood cancer.

Caring for animals may correlate with positive traits in young adults
Young adults who care for an animal may have stronger social relationships and connection to their communities, according to a paper published online today in Applied Developmental Science.

Quicker method paves the way for atomic-level design
A new X-ray method will enable the development of more efficient catalysts.

Research led by Wayne State discovers single gene in bees separating queens from workers
A research team led by Wayne State University, in collaboration with Michigan State University, has identified a single gene in honeybees that separates the queens from the workers.

Not so 'evil': Finance study makes case for hedging
Business researchers have come up with the first scientific evidence that hedging against risk can increase a firm's value.

Quantum dots provide complete control of photons
By emitting photons from a quantum dot at the top of a micropyramid, researchers at Linköping University are creating a polarized light source for such things as energy-saving computer screens and wiretap-proof communications.

TRMM satellite sees Tropical Storm Dylan make landfall in Queensland
As Tropical Storm Dylan was making landfall in Queensland on Jan.

Nitrogen management studied in greenhouse pepper production
Bell pepper was used in a study designed to reduce environmental pollution by increasing nitrogen use efficiency.

Gastric bypass improves insulin secretion in pigs
The majority of gastric bypass patients mysteriously recover from their type 2 diabetes within days, before any weight loss has taken place.

Down to EARTH: Interview with Department of the Interior Secretary, Sally Jewell
EARTH Magazine sits down with Secretary of the Interior Sally Jewell to discuss the role of geoscience at the Department of the Interior, including the National Park Service, the US Geological Survey and the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, which oversees offshore development of both renewable and conventional energy resources.

Kessler Foundation researchers find retrieval practice improves memory in severe TBI
Kessler Foundation researchers have shown that retrieval practice can improve memory in individuals with severe traumatic brain injury.

Can workshops on household water use impact consumer behavior?
Researchers studied the effectiveness of workshops designed to focus on residential water conservation using a sample of irrigation water use data for 57 workshop participants and 43 nonparticipants.

Impaired cell division leads to neuronal disorder
Prof. Erich Nigg and his research group at the Biozentrum of the University of Basel have discovered an amino acid signal essential for error-free cell division.

Gardening provides high-to-moderate physical activity for children
The metabolic cost of 10 gardening tasks was measured in children to determine associated exercise intensities.

Studies find new links between sleep duration and depression
A genetic study of adult twins and a community-based study of adolescents both report novel links between sleep duration and depression.

Fruit flies reveal normal function of a gene mutated in spinocerebellar ataxia type 7
Disruptive clumps of mutated protein are often blamed for clogging cells and interfering with brain function in patients with the neurodegenerative diseases known as spinocerebellar ataxias.

Researchers identify 9 steps to save waterways
The key to clean waterways and sustainable fisheries is to follow nine guiding principles of water management, says a team of Canadian biologists.

New study finds differences in concussion risk between football helmets
Virginia Tech biomedical researchers took the lead in a large six-year study to see if helmets reduce concussion risk.

Secrets of potato blight evolution could help farmers fight back
Scientists have discovered vital clues as to how the pathogen responsible for the Irish potato famine adapted to spread between different plant species.

Teaching young wolves new tricks
Although wolves and dogs are closely related, they show some striking differences.

Well-watered citrus tested in cold-acclimating temperatures
Researchers studied well-watered citrus to determine changes in water relations during cold acclimation, independent of drought stress.

New study finds no reason to replace fructose with glucose
Researchers at St. Michael's Hospital have found there is no benefit in replacing fructose, the sugar most commonly blamed for obesity, with glucose in commercially prepared foods.

To calculate long-term conservation pay off, factor in people
Paying people to protect their natural environment is a popular conservation tool around the world - but figure out that return on investment, for both people and nature, is a thorny problem, especially since such efforts typically stretch on for years.

Space flies offer clues about microgravity's impact on astronauts
Fruit flies bred in space are offering scientists a clue as to how astronauts' immune systems may be damaged during prolonged space travel.

Trees' diminished resistance to tropical cyclone winds attributed to insect invasions
Researchers compared the impact of two tropical cyclones that occurred in Guam in 1997 and 2004 on the resilience and health of the native tree species Cycas micronesica.

DNA of peanut-allergic kids changes with immune therapy, Stanford/Packard study finds
Treating a peanut allergy with oral immunotherapy changes the DNA of the patient's immune cells, according to a new study from the Stanford University School of Medicine and Lucile Packard Children's Hospital Stanford.

Divorce rate cut in half for newlyweds who discussed 5 relationship movies
Discussing five movies about relationships over a month could cut the three-year divorce rate for newlyweds in half, researchers report.

Lemur lovers sync their scents
Mating pairs of lemurs mirror each other's scent-marking behavior and even start to smell alike after they have reproduced.

UH researcher works on plant-based plastics
Megan Robertson, assistant professor of chemical and biomolecular engineering at the University of Houston, will use vegetable oils to develop new polymers that function as well as traditional petroleum-based plastics but are also biodegradable.

VIB&CD3 enter into license and collaboration agreement with AstraZeneca for development of MALT1 inhibitor
VIB and CD3 (KU Leuven) today announced the signing of a license and collaboration agreement with AstraZeneca for the development of novel MALT1 inhibitors as therapeutics in inflammatory and oncological diseases.

New Clemson University probe could help determine severity of rotator-cuff injuries
A new ultrasound probe that has been developed at Clemson University could take some of the guesswork out of determining the severity of rotator-cuff injuries, making it easier for doctors to decide whether patients need surgery.

Ronald Crystal, M.D., receives Pioneer Award
In recognition of his seminal work on adenoviral vectors, which accelerated the translation of gene therapy from the research laboratory to the clinic, Ronald G.

Cc to the brain: How neurons control fine motor behavior of the arm
Motor commands issued by the brain to activate arm muscles take two different routes.

Beaumont Health System first outside of Japan to test new atrial fibrillation technology
Beaumont Health System is the first center outside of Japan to use a new balloon ablation technology to treat atrial fibrillation, the most common heart rhythm disorder that affects about 3 million people in the US.

Kessler Foundation MS researchers study predictors of employment status
Kessler Foundation researchers have studied MS measurement tools for their effectiveness in predicting employment status.

What's behind a No. 1 ranking?
Behind every

NASA catches Tropical Depression Kajiki over central Philippines
Tropical Storm Kajiki developed from the second tropical depression of the Northwestern Pacific Ocean season and quickly moved over the central Philippines.

For infants, stress may be caught, not taught
New research shows that babies not only pick up on their mother's stress, they also show corresponding physiological changes.
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