Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 05, 2014
Inducing climate-smart global supply networks: Nature Commentary
Extreme weather events like super-typhoon Haiyan and hurricane Sandy can have major negative impacts on the world economy.

Attractive professional cyclists are faster
A study by the University of Zurich demonstrates a link between attractiveness and endurance performance, showing that successful Tour de France cyclists are more attractive.

New stem cell research removes reliance on human and animal cells
A new study, published today in the journal Applied Materials & Interfaces, has found a new method for growing human embryonic stem cells, that doesn't rely on supporting human or animal cells.

OSA to launch new gold open-access journal focused on high-impact results
The Optical Society today announced it will publish a new open-access journal titled Optica to focus on the rapid dissemination of high-impact results in all areas of optics and photonics.

The anatomy of an asteroid
ESO's New Technology Telescope has been used to find the first evidence that asteroids can have a highly varied internal structure.

A short stay in darkness may heal hearing woes
Call it the Ray Charles Effect: a young child who is blind learns to hear things others cannot.

Penn study reveals genetics impact risk of early menopause among some female smokers
New research is lighting up yet another reason for women to quit smoking.

Fewer than half of women attend recommended doctors visits after childbirth
Medical associations widely recommend that women visit their obstetricians and primary care doctors shortly after giving birth, but slightly fewer than half make or keep those postpartum appointments, according to a study by Johns Hopkins researchers.

State-of-the art Centre for Innovation in Rail underway
The Government is providing crucial funding enabling the University of Huddersfield's Centre for Innovation in Rail to go ahead.

Uncovering the drivers of honey bee colony declines and losses
EcoHealth Alliance, a nonprofit organization that focuses on local conservation and global health issues, announced the results of research conducted on honey bee colony declines and the factors attributed to honey bee losses.

Forest emissions, wildfires explain why ancient Earth was so hot
The release of volatile organic compounds from Earth's forests and smoke from wildfires 3 million years ago had a far greater impact on global warming than ancient atmospheric levels of carbon dioxide, according to a new study by researchers at the Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies.

Monkeys that eat omega-3 rich diet show more developed brain networks
Monkeys that ate a diet rich in omega-3 fatty acids had brains with highly connected and well organized neural networks -- in some ways akin to the neural networks in healthy humans -- while monkeys that ate a diet deficient in the fatty acids had much more limited brain networking, according to an Oregon Health & Science University study.

World temperature records available via Google Earth
Climate researchers at the University of East Anglia have made the world's temperature records available via Google Earth.

University of Montana research shows converting land to agriculture reduces carbon uptake
University of Montana researchers examined the impact that converting natural land to cropland has on global vegetation growth, as measured by satellite-derived net primary production, or NPP.

Cognitive therapy might be beneficial for people with schizophrenia not taking antipsychotic drugs
For people with schizophrenia who can't or won't take antipsychotic drug treatment, cognitive therapy could be a viable therapeutic alternative, according to a groundbreaking randomized trial published in The Lancet.

New analysis of endometriosis could help diagnoses, treatments
MIT researchers find that new analysis of endometriosis patients could help scientists develop better treatments and more revealing diagnoses.

Water supply availability 'to dominate US natural resource management'
Water supply is the most pressing environmental issue facing the United States according to a survey of policy makers and scientists revealed in a new publication in BioScience by researchers at the University of York and the University of California, Davis.

Social media analysis shows the Garment District still rules New York fashion
A new study uses social media to show how New York's fashion industry still centers on just a few blocks of Manhattan.

Whales and human-related activities overlap in African waters
Scientists with the Wildlife Conservation Society, Oregon State University, Stanford University, Columbia University, and the American Museum of Natural History have found that humpback whales swimming off the coast of western Africa encounter more than warm waters for mating and bearing young; new studies show that the whales share these waters with offshore oil rigs, major shipping routes, and potentially harmful toxicants.

Food insecurity leads to increased incidence of tuberculosis in Zimbabwe
An international study led by the University of Toronto's Dalla Lana School of Public Health links the rise of tuberculosis in Zimbabwe during the socio-economic crisis of 2008-2009 to widespread food shortage.

Electronically controlled drugs could minimize side effects
Potential side effects of many of today's therapeutic drugs can be downright frightening -- just listen carefully to a drug commercial on TV.

Approach helps identify new biofuel sources that don't require farmland
While the debate over using crops for fuel continues, scientists are now reporting a new, fast approach to develop biofuel in a way that doesn't require removing valuable farmland from the food production chain.

Study suggests whole diet approach to lower CV risk has more evidence than low-fat diets
A study published in The American Journal of Medicine reveals that a whole diet approach, which focuses on increased intake of fruits, vegetables, nuts, and fish, has more evidence for reducing cardiovascular risk than strategies that focus exclusively on reduced dietary fat.

New study finds early universe 'warmed up' later than previously believed
A new study from Tel Aviv University reveals that black holes, formed from the first stars in our universe, heated the gas throughout space later than previously thought.

Bacterial fibers critical to human and avian infection
Researchers at the Biodesign Institute targeted a specific group of threadlike fibers known as E. coli common pilus, which adorn bacterial cell surfaces.

£4 million to tackle spread of bacterial infections
The University of Liverpool has been awarded £4 million for a research and innovation hub to help businesses find new ways of preventing the spread of bacterial, viral and fungal infections.

Study shows yogurt consumption reduces the risk of type 2 diabetes
New research published in Diabetologia (the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes) shows that higher consumption of yogurt, compared with no consumption, can reduce the risk of new-onset type 2 diabetes by 28 percent.

Vanadium dioxide research opens door to new, multifunctional spintronic smart sensors
New research findings open the door to smarter sensors by integrating vanadium dioxide onto a silicon chip and using lasers to make the material magnetic.

Researcher attacks pre-term labor problem
A Florida State University researcher is tackling a new and inventive way to slow down and perhaps prevent preterm labor.

Scientists create potential vaccine ingredient for childhood respiratory disease
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute have invented a new method for designing artificial proteins and have used it to make key ingredients for a candidate vaccine against a dangerous virus, respiratory syncytial virus, a significant cause of infant mortality.

Durable end to AIDS will require HIV vaccine development
Broader global access to lifesaving antiretroviral therapies and wider implementation of proven HIV prevention strategies could potentially control and perhaps end the HIV/AIDS pandemic.

Researchers discover rare new species of deep-diving whale
Researchers have identified a new species of mysterious beaked whale based on a study of seven animals stranded on remote tropical islands over the past 50 years.

Terris co-edits new textbook on thyroid, parathyroid surgery
How robots enable no-neck-scar thyroid surgery and advanced imaging helps surgeons track down often elusive, tiny parathyroid glands are timely topics for a new comprehensive textbook for endocrine surgeons.

A 'smoking gun' on the Ice Age megafauna extinctions
It was climate that killed many of the large mammals after the latest Ice Age.

New evidence shows increase in obesity may be slowing, but not by much
Although a recent CDC report showing reduced obesity prevalence in low income preschoolers is encouraging, a new study published by University of Illinois kinesiology and community health professor Ruopeng An shows the notion that the American obesity epidemic has begun to reverse may be premature.

Mounting evidence links lead's toxic effects to criminal behavior
When crime rates drop, politicians like to give themselves pats on the back for being

Time is of the essence
New findings in mice suggest that merely changing meal times could have a significant effect on the levels of triglycerides in the liver.

NASA sees Tropical Cyclone Edna affecting new Caledonia
NASA's Aqua satellite spotted two storms in one image in the Southern Pacific Ocean as Tropical Cyclone Edna brushes by New Caledonia and an extra-tropical storm lingers west of New Zealand.

Graphene 'sandwich' improves images of biomolecules
By sandwiching a biological molecule between sheets of graphene, researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago have obtained atomic-level images of the molecule in its natural watery environment.

Is the male or female brain more vulnerable to triggers of violent behavior?
The latest research on how differences between the male and female brain contribute to sex differences in violence is explored in Violence and Gender, a new peer-reviewed journal from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers.

Tropical Cyclone Edilson birth caught by NASA's Aqua satellite
The 13th tropical cyclone of the Southern Pacific Ocean season formed into a tropical storm named Edilson on Feb.

Rural primary care physicians offer insight into rural women's health care
Women living in rural communities are less likely than urban-dwelling women to receive sufficient mental health care, in large part due to limited access to services and societal stigma, according to medicine and public health researchers.

New, high-tech prosthetics and orthotics offer active life-style for users
Comparative research into the effectiveness of advanced prosthetic and orthotics technologies is the focus of the current special issue of Technology and Innovation-Proceedings of the National Academy of Inventors®.

Valentine's Day advice: Don't let rocky past relations with parents spoil your romance
The love between parents and teens -- however stormy or peaceful -- may influence whether those children are successful in romance, even up to 15 years later, according to a new University of Alberta study.

One NASA image, 2 Australian tropical lows: Fletcher and 95S
NASA's Aqua satellite captured two low pressure areas from different ocean basins in one infrared image.

Quarks in the looking glass
A recent experiment carried out at DOE's Jefferson Lab has determined how much of the mirror-symmetry breaking in the electron-quark interaction originates from quarks' spin preference in the weak interaction five times more precisely than a previous measurement.

Paper offers insights into network that plays crucial role in cell function and disease
A new research paper from the labs of University of Notre Dame researchers Holly Goodson and Mark Alber helps resolve an ongoing debate about the assembly of a subcellular network that plays a critical role in cell function and disease.

Towards tailor-made adhesives
Tape, self-adhesive labels, Post-it notes and masking tape all contain soft adhesives.

Amputee feels in real-time with bionic hand
Dennis Aabo Sørensen is the first amputee in the world to feel sensory rich information -- in realtime -- with a prosthetic hand wired to nerves in his upper arm.

Heavy metal in the early cosmos
Using the Stampede, Lonestar and Ranger supercomputers, University of Texas researchers simulated the formation of the Universe from the Big Bang through the first few hundred million years of its existence.

Falcon feathers pop-up during dive
Similar to wings and fins with self-adaptive flaps, the feathers on a diving peregrine falcon's feathers may pop-up during high speed dives.

New approach prevents thrombosis without increasing the risk of bleeding
In collaboration with an international team, researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden have developed an antibody, 3F7, which blocks a protein that is active in the coagulation system factor XII.

Grasshoppers are what they eat
Grasshoppers cause damage that costs landowners millions of dollars annually; however, grasshopper populations also play a positive role in cycling nutrients from decomposing plant matter back into the soil.

Policymakers and scientists agree on top research questions
A survey of natural resource managers, policymakers and their advisers, and scientists has found that these groups have surprisingly similar ideas about which research questions are most important for increasing the effectiveness of US natural resource management policies.

Mass extinction may not cause all organisms to 'shrink'
The sizes of organisms following mass extinction events may vary more than previously thought, which may be inconsistent with the predictions of the so-called

Research results show new way for cholesterol treatment
A basic research project from Aarhus University now sheds new light on the pharmaceutical industry's new hope in the field of cholesterol treatment.

Will your child be a slim adult?
This novel study asked 532 international English speaking adults to submit or crowd-source predictors of whether a child is going to be an overweight or a slim adult.

University of Leeds to be a leader in data analytics and research
Two multi-million pound grants will make the University of Leeds a major center for 'Big Data' analysis -- and a national resource that can be used by academics.

Obesity treatment using stem cells is the topic of 2013's most-visited news release on EurekAlert!
For the second year in a row, obesity research features prominently in the group of 10 most-visited news releases posted on EurekAlert! during the 2013 calendar year.

Ballistic transport in graphene suggests new type of electronic device
Using electrons more like photons could provide the foundation for a new type of electronic device that would capitalize on the ability of graphene to carry electrons with almost no resistance even at room temperature -- a property known as ballistic transport.

NASA boards the 3-D-manufacturing train
Given NASA's unique needs for highly custom­ized spacecraft and instrument components, additive manufacturing, or

Durable end to AIDS will require HIV vaccine development
Broader global access to lifesaving antiretroviral therapies and wider implementation of proven HIV prevention strategies could potentially control and perhaps end the HIV/AIDS pandemic.

'False memories' -- the hidden side of our good memory
The Journal of International Neuropsychological Society and Schizophrenia Research scientific journals have shown that the semantic process linked to the subsequent recognition of words amongst children as well as amongst adult schizophrenics, is less efficient than that produced in a normal adult brain.

New open access funding pilot for Austria
The Austrian Science Fund, the Austrian Academic Consortium, the Austrian Central Library for Physics at the University of Vienna and IOP Publishing have today announced a new pilot project that will provide advance funding for Austrian researchers to publish on a hybrid open access basis in IOP Publishing's subscription journals and which will offset that funding against subscription and licence fees paid by the Austrian Academic Consortium for access to IOP Publishing's journals.

Book empowers readers to help solve the food crisis
Carbon dioxide emissions from transportation, energy generation and built infrastructure may be major contributors to climate change, but they may not be the biggest ones.

How to tell when bubbly goes bad before popping the cork
In the rare case that New Year's revelers have a bottle of leftover bubbly, they have no way to tell if it'll stay good until they pop the cork and taste it at the next celebration.

Pinpointing the brain's arbitrator
Researchers at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) have, for the first time, pinpointed areas of the brain -- the inferior lateral prefrontal cortex and frontopolar cortex -- that seem to serve as an

Mechanism discovered for how amyotrophic lateral sclerosis mutations damage nerve function
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital scientists led a study showing that mutations in a gene responsible for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis disrupt the RNA transport system in nerve cells.

Wider-faced dates more attractive as short-term mates
Women may perceive men with wider faces as more dominant and more attractive for short-term relationships, according to a new study in Psychological Science.

Brain development -- the pivotal role of the stem cell environment
Max Planck researchers explain why iodine deficiency during pregnancy may have disastrous consequences.

MD Anderson guides intelligent redesign of cancer care delivery model
How best to implement key recommendations recently identified by the Institute of Medicine for the delivery of high-quality cancer care is the focus of two peer-reviewed articles from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center.

National poll shows public divided on genetic testing to predict cancer risk
A national poll from Utah's Huntsman Cancer Institute shows 34 percent of respondents would not seek genetic testing to predict their likelihood of developing a hereditary cancer.

ASGE issues guidelines for safety in the gastrointestinal endoscopy unit
The American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy has issued

Longevity mutation found in flies far and wide
To date, evidence that mutations in a gene called Indy could increase life span in flies and mimic calorie restriction in mammals has come only from experiments in the lab.

Health Affairs examines successes and missing links in connected health
Health Affairs' February issue focuses on current evidence and future potential of connected health--encompassing telemedicine, telehealth, and mHealth.

Tree roots in the mountains 'acted like a thermostat' for millions of years
Tree roots in the mountains may play an important role in controlling long-term global temperatures.

Detection of Down syndrome during pregnancy improves for younger women
New figures from the National Down Syndrome Cytogenetic Register based at Queen Mary University of London, reveal the proportion of Down syndrome cases diagnosed antenatally has increased in younger women.

Simulated blindness can help revive hearing, researchers find
Minimizing a person's sight for as little as a week may help improve the brain's ability to process hearing.

Fruit fly microRNA research at Rutgers-Camden offers clues to aging process
Diseases like Alzheimer's and Huntington's are often associated with aging, but the biological link between the two is less certain.

Female mice prefer unfamiliar male songs
Female mice prefer songs of mice that are different from their parents when selecting a mate.

Inner workings of a cellular nanomotor revealed
Our cells produce thousands of proteins but more than one-third of these proteins can fulfill their function only after migrating to the outside of the cell.

People who know their 'heart age' make greater improvements to their heart health
New research, published today in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, suggests that talking to patients about their heart health using the

Nerve block eases troublesome hot flashes
Injecting a little anesthetic near a nerve bundle in the neck cut troublesome hot flashes significantly, shows a new randomized, controlled trial published online today in Menopause, the journal of The North American Menopause Society.

Sociable receptors: In pairs, in groups or in a crowd
The proportion of different receptor groups in the cell membrane determines whether cell repulsion takes place.

Innovative technique creates large skin flaps for full-face resurfacing
Patients with massive burns causing complete loss of the facial skin pose a difficult challenge for reconstructive surgeons.

Decriminalizing pot may land more kids in the ER
States that decriminalized marijuana saw dramatic increases in children requiring medical intervention, although the overall number of unintentional marijuana exposures among children remained low.

Articles from groundbreaking new Violence and Gender journal published
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers has announced the publication of six articles from Violence and Gender, a new peer-reviewed journal dedicated to the understanding, prediction, and prevention of violence.

Study untangles divergent US job-tenure patterns
Have American jobs become less stable? Do workers change employers more frequently than in the past?

Paradox of cigarette sales in pharmacies focus of new movement
In an article published online, CVS and UCSF's Steven Schroeder say that selling tobacco products is

Some receive unnecessary prioritization for liver transplantation, says Penn Medicine study
Patients waiting for liver transplants who develop hepatopulmonary syndrome, a lung disorder associated with end-stage liver disease, are eligible to move up on the wait list.
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