Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 18, 2014
Magnesium may protect against hip fractures
Drinking water with a relatively high concentration of magnesium protects against hip fractures, according to results of a study from the Norwegian Institute of Public Health.

Novel sensor system would flag structural weaknesses before bridges and stadiums collapse
NJIT will be part of an international team of engineers from universities in the US, Canada, and Qatar developing a novel system to detect the onset of structural damage on bridges, stadiums and other large public infrastructure.

The thousand-droplets test
In the future, an entire chemistry lab could be accommodated in a tiny little droplet.

CASL, Westinghouse simulate neutron behavior in AP1000 reactor core
Scientists and engineers developing more accurate approaches to analyzing nuclear power reactors have successfully tested a new suite of computer codes that closely model 'neutronics' -- the behavior of neutrons in a reactor core.

Technique allows for radiation-free detection of tumors, Stanford/Packard study finds
Researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine and Lucile Packard Children's Hospital Stanford have developed a way to scan young cancer patients' bodies for tumors without exposing them to radiation.

Cows moove our understanding of the immune system
Understanding how antibodies work is important for designing new vaccines to fight infectious diseases and certain types of cancer and for treating disorders of the immune system in animals and humans.

A*STAR scientists discover protein's role in human memory and learning functions
Scientists at A*STAR's Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology have identified the precise role of the protein, SNX27, in the pathway leading to memory and learning impairment.

A circuit for change
To answer the seemingly simple question, 'Have I been here before?' we must use our memories of previous experiences to determine if our current location is familiar or novel.

Garlic counteracts virulent bacteria
Garlic contains a substance that is particularly effective in encounters with even the hardiest bacterial strains.

Kidney cancer care improves with vaccine-based approach
The Cedars-Sinai Samuel Oschin Comprehensive Cancer Institute has opened a novel Phase III, vaccine-based clinical trial aimed at providing kidney cancer patients long-term control of their disease.

Molecular biology mystery unravelled
The nature of the machinery responsible for the entry of proteins into cell membranes has been unravelled by scientists, who hope the breakthrough could ultimately be exploited for the design of new anti-bacterial drugs.

Two NYU faculty win Sloan Foundation research fellowships
Two NYU faculty have been awarded fellowships from the Alfred P.

Agricultural productivity loss as a result of soil and crop damage from flooding
The Cache River Basin, which once drained more than 614,100 acres across six southern Illinois counties, has changed substantively since the ancient Ohio River receded.

Computer arranges pictures based on their artistic aspects
Until now, it has been a time-consuming process for a program to arrange pictures in a consistent order.

Probiotic treatment for vaginal thrush on the way
Scientists are testing vaginal pessaries containing 'good' probiotic bacteria for the treatment of vaginal thrush.

Miriam Hospital study shows social gaming site effective weight loss tool
Researchers from the Miriam Hospital have found that DietBet, a web-based commercial weight loss program that pairs financial incentives with social influence, delivers significant weight losses.

Quest for jellyfish robot leads to discovery of bending rules for animal wing, fin tips
A Navy-sponsored project to design a biologically inspired, swimming jellyfish robot has led scientists to the surprising discovery of common bending rules for the tips of wings, fins, flukes, mollusk feet, and other propulsors across a broad range of animal species.

Artificial leaf jumps developmental hurdle
Along with colleagues at Argonne National Laboratory, ASU scientists have reported advances toward perfecting an artificial leaf that uses solar energy to convert water cheaply and efficiently into hydrogen and oxygen.

Metal in the heart is non-hazardous to health
Materials scientists at the University of Jena examine implants made of nickel-titanium alloy in a long-term study.

One-quarter of high risk patients denied anticoagulation after AF ablation
Study reveals the overall success rate of AF catheter ablation in Europe is relatively high and the overall complication rate is relatively low.

Cancer treatment, artery repair are goals of $3 million in NIH grants
The National Institutes of Health has awarded grants totaling $3 million for two nanoparticle research projects in which Penn State bioengineer Jian Yang is co-principal investigator.

Malnutrition decreases effectiveness of HIV treatment in pregnant African women
In Uganda the prescription of three antiretroviral drugs, which aim to suppress the virus to prevent disease progression, have resulted in huge reductions in HIV mortality rates.

Revolutionary meningitis vaccine breaks cold chain barrier, extends reach to remotest Africa
The first mass vaccination campaign conducted in Africa with authorization to keep the vaccine unrefrigerated up to temperatures of 39 degrees C (102.2 degrees F) provided complete coverage with little wastage, according to a study by researchers from the global health nonprofit PATH and the World Health Organization.

More women receiving breast reconstruction after mastectomy, study finds
A new study finds that the majority of women who undergo mastectomy for breast cancer go on to get breast reconstruction, a practice that has increased dramatically over time.

A stretchable highway for light
Electronics that bend and stretch have been demonstrated, but similar work in optics has lagged behind.

Study points out inequalities in prescribing blood pressure meds
Primary care doctors are not quick to prescribe antihypertensive medication to young people even after an average of 20 months of high blood pressure.

Unusual new HIV drug resistance mechanism revealed
For the millions of people living with HIV/AIDS, antiretroviral drugs can be a lifeline, slowing the progress of viral infection.

Blood test serves as 'crystal ball' for heart transplant patients, UCLA-led study finds
A new study shows that a blood test commonly used to determine whether heart transplant recipients are rejecting their new organ can also predict potential rejection-related problems in the future -- months before such an event may occur.

Parents are not more likely to split up if mothers earn more than fathers
Couples with young children are as likely to stay together if the mother is the main breadwinner rather than the father, new research shows.

A battery small enough to be injected, energetic enough to track salmon
Scientists have created a microbattery that packs twice the energy compared to current microbatteries used to monitor the movements of salmon.

Healthy Lunchbox Challenge helps influence healthy eating habits in children
To address the issues of food selection and rapid weight gain among children observed in the summertime, researchers used summer day camps as a unique opportunity to influence food and beverage choices of children attending.

COXEN model picks the best drug for ovarian cancer
A University of Colorado Cancer Center and University of Virginia study used a sophisticated model of ovarian cancer genetics to match the right tumor with the right drug.

2014 Ocean Sciences Meeting: Press conference announcement; sending press kits; press registration
This release focuses on the 2014 Ocean Sciences Meeting: Press conference announcement; Sending press kits to Hawaii; Press registration.

Medicare beneficiaries return to emergency rooms after nursing home discharge
Nursing homes are widely used by Medicare beneficiaries who require rehabilitation after hospital stays.

'Legal highs,' PMMA and zombie panic
Recent deaths in both Canada and the UK linked to PMA/PMMA in ecstasy pills has brought public scrutiny to this little known drug.

New technology from CWRU links patient records between hospitals, medical flight crews
Although trauma, heart and stroke patients benefit from being transferred from a local hospital to a higher-level care facility, it's unclear why patients transferred with non-urgent medical conditions show at least a 30 percent higher death rate than had they stayed put, according to researchers from Case Western Reserve University's nursing school.

Investment bankers lead businesses to better mergers, acquisitions
Corporations with board directors who have investment banking experience are more likely to acquire other businesses -- and make better acquisitions when they do -- according to a new study from the University at Buffalo School of Management.

Study on methane emissions from natural gas systems indicates new priorities
A new study published in the journal Science says that the total impact of switching to natural gas depends heavily on leakage of methane during the natural gas life cycle, and suggests that more can be done to reduce methane emissions and to improve measurement tools which help inform policy choices.

Daily walk of just 3km can reduce risk of hospitalization for respiratory problems
New research in Respirology shows that suffers of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease can reduce their risk of being hospitalized with severe attacks, by maintaining an exercise regime of walking between three to six kilometers a day.

Wistar scientists develop gene test to accurately classify brain tumors
Scientists at the Wistar Institute have developed a mathematical method for classifying forms of glioblastoma, an aggressive and deadly type of brain cancer, through variations in the way these tumor cells 'read' genes.

Georgia Tech study reveals copyright complexities, social norms in online media creation
In the age of mashups, fan fiction and content sharing, online media creation has spurred new complexities in copyright, effectively turning the legal concept of 'fair use' on its ear, according to a new study from Georgia Tech.

Climate change linked to increase in Australia's suicide rates: QUT study
A QUT researcher is predicting suicide rates will rise as a result of climate change after finding a link between high and varied temperatures and people taking their own life.

Embarking on geoengineering, then stopping, would speed up global warming
Spraying reflective particles into the atmosphere to reflect sunlight and then stopping it would exacerbate the problem of climate change, research shows.

University of Illinois study of 2011 flood will lead to better preparedness
In May 2011, when the US Army Corps of Engineers used explosives to breach a levee south of Cairo, Ill., diverting the rising waters of the Mississippi and Ohio rivers to prevent flooding in the town, about 130,000 acres of Missouri farmland were inundated.

Loyola researchers identify risk factor for life-threatening disease in preemies
Many premature infants suffer a life-threatening bowel infection called necrotizing enterocolitis.

Understanding heart failure at the cellular level
A team of researchers at the University of Florence in Italy and the University of Connecticut Health Center have used a multidisciplinary approach to provide an unprecedented glimpse of what happens to the heart during an 'infarction' -- a heart attack -- by looking at how the attack affects electrical activity and calcium release in heart cells.

Baby hearts need rhythm to develop correctly
Vanderbilt researchers report that they have taken an important step toward the goal of growing replacement heart valves from a patient's own cells by determining that the mechanical forces generated by the rhythmic expansion and contraction of cardiac muscle cells play an active role in the initial stage of heart valve formation.

Single chip device to provide real-time 3-D images from inside the heart, blood vessels
Researchers have developed the technology for a catheter-based device that would provide forward-looking, real-time, three-dimensional imaging from inside the heart, coronary arteries and peripheral blood vessels.

Evolution stuck in slime for a billion years
Research from the University of Tasmania provides a new explanation as to why life remained as little more than slime for a billion years, before rapidly diversifying in the 'Cambrian explosion of life.' Using a new technology originally developed for mineral exploration, the team has shown how varying levels of oxygen and biologically-important elements in the ancient oceans might have triggered the major evolutionary events that brought us here today.

The number of tumor cells spread to sentinel lymph nodes affects melanoma prognosis
Cancer cell spread to the sentinel node -- the lymph node to which cancer cells are most likely to spread from a primary tumor -- is a risk factor for melanoma death.

Sloan Research Fellowships awarded to 126 young scholars
The Alfred P. Sloan Foundation is pleased to announce the selection of 126 outstanding US and Canadian researchers as recipients of the 2014 Sloan Research Fellowships.

Increase in Arctic cyclones is linked to climate change, new study shows
A new study in Geophysical Research Letters uses historical climate model simulations to demonstrate that there has been an Arctic-wide decrease in sea level pressure since the 1800's.

Tel Aviv University scientists honored for proposals in melanoma research
Emphasizing the value of scientific collaboration, two Tel Aviv University research teams won prestigious melanoma research awards granted this year by the Melanoma Research Alliance, based in the United States, and the Saban Family Foundation.

Moms of children on life-sustaining devices embrace tips for managing over-stressed lives, CWRU pilot study finds
Many mothers with children on life-sustaining medical devices, such as ventilators and breathing or feeding tubes, suffer physical and psychological distress from the stress of juggling treatments, appointments, therapies and daily family pressures.

Can you boost your brain power through video?
Watching video of simple tasks before carrying them out may boost the brain's structure, or plasticity, and increase motor skills, according to a study released today that will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology's 66th Annual Meeting in Philadelphia, April 26-May 3, 2014.

Study examines use of electrical energy for treating certain type of atrial fibrillation
Among patients with untreated paroxysmal (intermittent) atrial fibrillation (AF), treatment with electrical energy (radiofrequency ablation) resulted in a lower rate of abnormal atrial rhythms and episodes of AF, according to a study in the Feb.

Dartmouth-UConn study shows coastal water, not sediment, predicts mercury contamination
A Dartmouth-University of Connecticut study of the northeast United States shows that methylmercury concentrations in estuary waters -- not in sediment as commonly thought -- are the best way to predict mercury contamination in the marine food chain.

UTSA researcher tapped to lead international energy project
The University of Texas at San Antonio has been invited to participate in an International Energy Agency project along with many of the world's top research universities.

Mika Brzezinski, co-host of MSNBC's 'Morning Joe,' to give keynote at GW event on eating disorders
The George Washington University School of Public Health and Health Services will hold a public forum on Feb.

Medicaid's 'tube-tying' polices create roadblocks for low-income women
Tubal ligation -- or having one's 'tubes tied' -- is widely used to prevent unintended pregnancies.

Chance of falling after knee replacement not increased by regional anesthesia
Two types of regional anesthesia do not make patients more prone to falls in the first days after having knee replacement surgery as some have previously suggested, according to a study based on nearly 200,000 patient records in the March issue of Anesthesiology.

More educated people from wealthier areas, women, more likely to die from assisted suicide
Researchers in Switzerland, where assisted suicide is legal, have conducted a study -- published online in the International Journal of Epidemiology today -- that shows assisted suicide is more common in women, the divorced, those living alone, the more educated, those with no religious affiliation, and those from wealthier areas.

Beauty and bacteria: Slim, attractive men have less nasal bacteria than heavy men
Do attractive traits tell us anything about a person's reproductive health?

Smartphone app aids college-age women in abusive relationships
In an effort to connect more young women with safety information, University of Missouri researchers collaborated with Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing and the One Love Foundation to develop the 'One Love My Plan' smartphone application, an interactive tool that helps college-age women in abusive relationships clarify their priorities and customize personal safety plans.

Beyond partisanship: Engaging in debates about science and society
New research suggests scientific institutions and organizations can improve their communication and outreach with the public by addressing people's strongly held beliefs about science and its role in society.

Transgender patients discriminated against for health care services
Discrimination against transgender people -- as many as one million Americans identify themselves as transgender -- should immediately be addressed by the medical establishment, backed by policy change at the national level to provide equal access to quality health care.

Medication to treat agitation for Alzheimer's disease shows mixed results
The use of the medication citalopram was associated with a reduction in agitation in patients with Alzheimer's disease, although at the dosage used in the study, patients experienced mild cognitive and cardiac adverse effects that might limit the practical application of this medication at the dosage of 30 mg per day, according to a study in the Feb.

NASA sees Tropical Cyclone 15S form in the Mozambique Channel
NASA's Aqua satellite passed over Tropical Cyclone 15S as it formed in the Mozambique Channel on Feb.

JAMA study shows medication to treat agitation for Alzheimer's disease shows mixed results
The results of a JAMA study offer a glimmer of hope to families caring for a loved one with Alzheimer's disease.

Nitrogen-tracking tools for better crops and less pollution
As every gardner knows, nitrogen is crucial for a plant's growth.

Something's wrong in Washington: Is American democracy in crisis?
Writing in Governance, acclaimed political scientists Norman Ornstein and Jared Diamond explore if tribalism is at the heart of the problem or if the US is facing a far greater political crisis.

Solar-induced hybrid fuel cell produces electricity directly from biomass
Researchers have developed a new type of low-temperature fuel cell that directly converts biomass to electricity with assistance from a catalyst activated by solar or thermal energy.

Controlling magnetism with an electric field
Scientists are now proposing a novel approach to achieve greater memory density while producing less heat: by using an electric field instead of a current to turn magnetism on and off, thereby encoding the electrical devices.

Research team establishes benchmark set of human genotypes for sequencing
Scientistis from Harvard University and the Virginia Bioinformatics Institute of Virginia Tech have presented new methods to integrate data from different sequencing platforms, thus producing a reliable set of genotypes to benchmark human genome sequencing.

Asian elephants reassure others in distress
Asian elephants console others who are in distress, using physical touches and vocalizations, finds a study to be published in the open-access journal PeerJ.

Ion beams pave way to new kinds of valves for use in spintronics
Researchers at Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf tested a new approach to fabricating spin valves.

Calico cats inspire X chromosome research
Calico cats, renowned and beloved for their funky orange and black patchwork or 'tortoiseshell' fur, can thank X chromosome inactivation or 'silencing' for their unique look.

Home-based exercise program improves recovery following rehabilitation for hip fracture
Among patients who had completed standard rehabilitation after hip fracture, the use of a home exercise program that included exercises such as standing from a chair or climbing a step resulted in improved physical function, according to a study in the Feb.

Obese patients who feel judged by doctors are less likely to shed pounds, study shows
Overweight and obese people who feel their physicians are judgmental of their size are more likely to try to shed pounds but are less likely to succeed, according to results of a study by Johns Hopkins researchers.

Kids and insect scientists to meet in San Antonio
A thousand elementary school students are expected to attend an INSECT EXPO in San Antonio during a meeting of the Entomological Society of America.

Research of zebrafish neurons may lead to understanding of birth defects like spina bifida
Using zebrafish, scientists can determine how individual neurons develop, mature and support basic functions like breathing, swallowing and jaw movement.

New anti-smoking policies in China could save nearly 13 million lives in next 40 years
Almost 13 million lives could be saved by 2050 in China if the country implements comprehensive tobacco control recommendations set forth by the World Health Organization.

UCI study finds specific genetic cue for sudden cardiac death syndrome
University of California Irvine researchers have found a specific genetic flaw that is connected to sudden death due to heart arrhythmia -- a leading cause of mortality for adults around the world.

Workers, get up and move
An University of Iowa study finds that police officers move as much on the job as someone holding a baby or washing dishes.

Study finds low rate of surgical site infections following ambulatory surgery
In an analysis that included nearly 300,000 patients from eight states who underwent ambulatory surgery (surgery performed on a person who is admitted to and discharged from a hospital on the same day), researchers found that the rates of surgical site infections were relatively low; however, the absolute number of patients with these complications is substantial, according to a study in the Feb.

New treatment proposed to prevent intestinal inflammation in cancer patients
Experimental work pointing to a therapy for alleviating mucositis -- a common, severe side effect of chemotherapy and irradiation of cancer patients or patients prepared for bone marrow transplantation -- has been achieved by an international team of researchers from the US and Israel headed by scientists at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

Infected Tasmanian devils reveal how cancer cells evolve in response to humans
New research in Evolutionary Applications explains how efforts to tackle Tasmanian devil tumors offers a unique opportunity to understand how human selection alters the evolution of cancerous cells.

85 percent of heart attacks after surgery go undetected due to lack of symptoms
Without administering a simple blood test in the first few days after surgery, 85 percent of the heart attacks or injuries patients suffer could be missed, according to a study in the March issue of Anesthesiology.

Wisdom of app stores: Early identification of malicious Android apps from Google Play
Apps on mobile phones can be dangerous data thieves. To expose those spies in your pocket, computer scientists from Saarland University present a new method to analyze apps en masse.

Scientists identify 'long distance scanner' for DNA damage
Scientists at the University of Bristol have discovered that a mechanism for preventing mutation within important genes involves long distance scanning of DNA by a molecular motor protein.

New drug candidate starves dormant cancer cells
In a study published in Nature Communications, researchers at Karolinska Institutet and Uppsala University in Sweden present a new drug candidate, which selectively kills dormant cells within a cancer tumor through starvation.

Prison-based education declined during economic downturn, study finds
Although recent findings confirm that prison-based education saves money in the long term, state-level spending on prison education programs declined sharply during the economic downturn, according to a new study.

Nanodiamond-embedded contact lenses may improve glaucoma treatment
Glaucoma is a pervasive disorder that occurs when there is a buildup of pressure in the eye.

2014 FEBS -- EMBO Women in Science Award honors Pascale Cossart
EMBO and the Federation of European Biochemical Societies (FEBS) announce Pascale Cossart, a world renowned bacteriologist and Professor at the Institut Pasteur in Paris, France, as the winner of the 2014 FEBS | EMBO Women in Science Award.

When a black hole shreds a star, a bright flare tells the story
A new study explains what happens during the disruption of a normal sun-like star by a supermassive black hole.

Researchers propose a better way to make sense of 'Big Data'
Big data is everywhere, and we are constantly told that it holds the answers to almost any problem we want to solve.

Frequent flyers, bottle gourds crossed the ocean many times
Bottle gourds traveled the Atlantic Ocean from Africa and were likely domesticated many times in various parts of the New World, according to a team of scientists who studied bottle gourd genetics to show they have an African, not Asian ancestry.

Food & moods
Your mindset about the future may impact your eating habits, new study finds.

Study examines public awareness, use of online physician rating sites
In a survey of a nationally representative sample of the US population, 65 percent of respondents reported awareness of online physician ratings and about one-fourth reported usage of these sites, according to a study in the Feb.

Almost 13 million smoking deaths could be prevented in China by 2050
Complete implementation of World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control recommended policies in China would prevent almost 13 million smoking related deaths by 2050, suggests a paper published on today.

Cancer study shows earlier palliative care improves quality of life, patient satisfaction
Results of the first clinical study to assess the impact of providing early outpatient palliative care versus standard oncology care in a wide range of advanced cancers show that earlier care improved quality of life and patient satisfaction.

Ticks may cause double trouble, Stanford scientists find
Stanford study finds ticks infected with Lyme disease and newly identified human pathogen are widespread in San Francisco Bay Area.

Mandel Foundation awards $13 million grant to Ben-Gurion U.
Morton L. Mandel, Foundation chairman and chief executive officer, remarks, 'As part of our long-term relationship with Ben-Gurion University, the Mandel Foundation welcomes the opportunity to assist the University in further developing the area of social leadership.

Scientists honor Frank Zappa, naming human zit-causing bacterium now infecting vineyards
In a striking case of pathogen transfer involving the bacteria responsible for human acne, P. acnes, authors Campisano, et. al., report in the journal Molecular Biology and Evolution on a new type of P. acnes which exploits grapevines, dubbing it P. acnes type Zappae.

American Society for Microbiology to host 114th General Meeting in Boston
The American Society for Microbiology will hold its 114th General Meeting, May 17-20, 2014 in Boston, Mass.

What cooperation and conflict in an insect's society can teach us about social acceptance
A new study, by University of Miami biologist Floria Mora-Kepfer Uy, looks at colonies of social wasps and explores the acceptance of individuals not related to each other, in a highly organized and adaptable society.

Neuropsychological assessment more efficient than MRI for tracking disease progression
Investigators at the University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands, have shown that progression of disease in memory clinic patients can be tracked efficiently with 45 minutes of neuropsychological testing.

Frequent school moves can increase the risk of psychotic symptoms in early adolescence
Researchers at Warwick Medical School have shown that frequently moving schools during childhood can increase the risk of psychotic symptoms in later years.

New tool will help identify patients at risk of adverse events, death: Ottawa COPD Risk Scale
A new decision tool will help emergency physicians everywhere identify patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who are at risk of serious complications or death.

Saving Sochi's slopes: How artificial snow is made
In what may be the warmest Winter Olympics on record, Sochi looks more like SoCal by the day.

Regenerating orthopedic tissues within the human body
A team of Duke University biomedical engineers has developed a polymer scaffold for growing cartilage that includes gene therapy vectors to induce stem cells to produce the growth factors they need.

Can marijuana protect the immune system against HIV and slow disease progression?
New evidence that chronic intake of THC, the primary psychoactive ingredient in marijuana, can protect critical immune tissue in the gut from the damaging effects of HIV infection is reported in AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses.

GW spirituality and health pioneer publishes paper on development of the field
Christina Puchalski, M.D., founder and director of the George Washington University Institute for Spirituality and Health, published a commentary in Academic Medicine on the history of spirituality and health, the movement to reclaim medicine's spiritual roots, and the future of this field.

Two Columbia Business School professors awarded 2014 Sloan Research Fellowships
Columbia Business School is pleased to announce that two distinguished economists, Ilyana Kuziemko and Emi Nakamura, have been selected as 2014 Sloan Research Fellows.

MacLeod's Introduction to Medicine
MacLeod's Introduction to Medicine: A Doctor's Memoir by Jonathan Waxman is a collection of short stories that gives the reader an insight into the humorous side of a doctor's life before the dawn of management.

Scottish launch of the flagship EU climate change project IMPRESSIONS
IMPRESSIONS -- a new EU project involving 27 research institutions in Europe and beyond will provide critical information for developing strategies and solutions for coping with extreme climate change.

Mitosis mystery solved as role of key protein is confirmed
Researchers from Warwick Medical School have discovered the key role of a protein in shutting down endocytosis during mitosis, answering a question that has evaded scientists for half a century.

SDSC/UC San Diego researchers hone in on Alzheimer's disease
Researchers studying peptides using the Gordon supercomputer at the San Diego Supercomputer Center (SDSC) at the University of California, San Diego have found new ways to elucidate the creation of the toxic oligomers associated with Alzheimer's disease.

Antidepressant holds promise in treating Alzheimer's agitation
The antidepressant drug citalopram, sold under the brand names Celexa and Cipramil and also available as a generic medication, significantly relieved agitation in a group of patients with Alzheimer's disease.

Personality and spaces, remaking love, meaning in life, and commonsense morality
People and spaces, the tragedy of commonsense morality, myths about meaning of life, and remaking love were four themes at the Society for Personality and Social Psychology conference in Austin.

NREL scientist named AAAS Fellow
David S. Ginley, a materials scientist at the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory, has been named a fellow of the American Academy for the Advancement of Science, an honor accorded to at most 1 percent of the prestigious scientific society's membership each year.

Study uncovers surprising differences in brain activity of alcohol-dependent women
An Indiana University study that examines the brain activity of alcohol-dependent women compared to women who were not addicted found stark and surprising differences.

Bats inspire 'micro air vehicle' designs
By exploring how creatures in nature are able to fly by flapping their wings, Virginia Tech researchers hope to apply that knowledge toward designing small flying vehicles known as

The secret of fertile sperm
To better understand the causes of male infertility, a team of Bay Area researchers is exploring the factors, both physiological and biochemical, that differentiate fertile sperm from infertile sperm.

Wiley to publish Bergey's Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria
John Wiley & Sons Inc. announced a new partnership with Bergey's Manual Trust, which will see Wiley publish Bergey's Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria from 2014.

Crowdsourced testers prefer new cyber search method
Computer scientists at Case Western Reserve University have developed a new tool to search and fetch electronic files that saves users time by more quickly identifying and retrieving the most relevant information on their computers and hand-held devices.

A new system accelerates verification of printed electronic documents
Researchers at the Universidad Carlos III in Madrid have designed a system that speeds up online administrative procedures by automatically verifying and validating printed electronic documents, a process that had been done manually up until now.

Rife with hype, exoplanet study needs patience and refinement
Despite many trumpeted results, few 'hard facts' about exoplanet atmospheres have actually been collected, and most of these data are of 'marginal utility,' according to a review of exoplanet research by a Princeton University astrophysicist.

Breakthrough development of flexible 1D-1R memory cell array
KIST has developed a bendable organic carbon nano compound-based 64-bit memory and it shows improved data performance by limiting the direction of electric currents.

'It takes a village' -- Community-based methods for improving maternal and newborn health
A series of studies are published in a special supplement that presents results of the Maternal and Newborn Health in Ethiopia Partnership -- a three-year pilot program funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation with the goal of improving the health of Ethiopian mothers and their newborns.

In fight against teen prescription drug abuse, one-two punch wins
Programs that aim to curb teen prescription drug abuse have vastly differing success rates, ranging from big drops in drug abuse to no measurable effect, says a new study from researchers at Duke and Pennsylvania State universities.

Artificial cells and salad dressing
A University of California, Riverside assistant professor of engineering is among a group of researchers that have made important discoveries regarding the behavior of a synthetic molecular oscillator, which could serve as a timekeeping device to control artificial cells.

Stimulating discussion over unnecessary medical tests, procedures: Choosing Wisely Canada
Physicians and patients should talk about unnecessary medical tests, treatments and procedures so that they can make smart and effective care choices and avoid potential for harm, writes Dr.

Clemson researchers develop sticky nanoparticles to fight heart disease
Clemson University researchers have developed nanoparticles that can deliver drugs targeting damaged arteries, a non-invasive method to fight heart disease. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to